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1.
Leukemia ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36400926

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-resistant acute myeloid leukemia (AML), frequently driven by clonal evolution, has a dismal prognosis. A genome-wide CRISPR knockout screen investigating resistance to doxorubicin and cytarabine (Dox/AraC) in human AML cell lines identified gene knockouts involving AraC metabolism and genes that regulate cell cycle arrest (cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A), checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) and TP53) as contributing to resistance. In human AML cohorts, reduced expression of CDKN2A conferred inferior overall survival and CDKN2A downregulation occurred at relapse in paired diagnosis-relapse samples, validating its clinical relevance. Therapeutically targeting the G1S cell cycle restriction point (with CDK4/6 inhibitor, palbociclib and KAT6A inhibitor, WM-1119, to upregulate CDKN2A) synergized with chemotherapy. Additionally, direct promotion of apoptosis with venetoclax, showed substantial synergy with chemotherapy, overcoming resistance mediated by impaired cell cycle arrest. Altogether, we identify defective cell cycle arrest as a clinically relevant contributor to chemoresistance and identify rationally designed therapeutic combinations that enhance response in AML, potentially circumventing chemoresistance.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(46): 14654-14664, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322531

RESUMO

This study was aimed at exploring the separate and combined anti-hyperlipidemic effect of Shatianyu (Citrus grandis L. Osbeck) flavonoids (SPFEs) and DF (SPDF) on HFD-fed mice after 14-week administration in diet, together with the possible microbiota-mediated mechanisms. SPFEs and SPDF were more effective together than separately in improving serum lipid profiles, decreasing hepatic lipid accumulation, and upregulating the expression of hepatic CPT1a, CYP7A1, ABCG5, and ABCG8. Butyrate has been previously proved to have an anti-hyperlipidemic effect. The fecal butyrate contents were negatively correlative with serum/liver lipid but positively correlated with fecal total bile acids levels, and SPDF + SPFEs had the most fecal butyrate in this study. SPDF or SPFEs enriched microbiota related to acetic and propionic acids production, while SPDF + SPFEs also bloomed norank_f_Muribaculaceae, Dubosiella, Lachnoclostridium, and norank_f_Eubacterium_coprostanoligenes_group, which were positively correlated to fecal butyrate contents. Thus, SPFEs and SPDF might alleviate hyperlipidemia synergistically by regulating microbiota to produce butyrate, thereby regulating lipid metabolism.


Assuntos
Citrus , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hiperlipidemias , Camundongos , Animais , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperlipidemias/etiologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fibras na Dieta , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Propionatos/farmacologia , Butiratos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
3.
J Adv Res ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396044

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The R-loop is a naturally formed three-strand nucleic acid structure that recently has been reported to participate in multiple biological processes and helped answer some previously unexplained scientific questions. Meiosis process involves multiple chromatin-related events such as DNA double-stranded breaks (DSB) formation, repairing and transcriptional dynamics. OBJECTIVES: Explore the regulatory roles and physiological functions of R-loops in the mammalian meiosis process. METHODS: In our study, using genome-wide S9.6 CUT & Tag seq, we first mapped the genomic distribution and dynamic changes of R-loop during the meiotic process in mice, from spermatogonia to secondary spermatocytes. And we further explore the role of R-loop in physiological conditions by constructing conditional knockout mice of Rnaseh1, which deleted the R-loop endonuclease before meiosis entry. RESULTS: R-loop predominantly distributes at promoter-related regions and varies across different meiotic stages. By joint analysis with the corresponding transcriptome, we found that the R-loop was closely related to transcription during the meiotic process. The high frequency of promoter-related R-loop in meiotic cells is usually accompanied by high transcription activity, and we further verified this in the leptotene/zygotene to the pachytene transition process. Moreover, the lack of RNase H1 caused sterility in male mice with R-loop accumulation and abnormal DSB repair in spermatocytes. Further analysis showed that abnormal R-loop accumulation in the leptotene/zygotene stages influenced transcriptional regulation in the pachytene stage. CONCLUSION: The mutual regulation of the R-loop and transcription plays an essential role in spermatogenesis. And R-loop is also important for the normal repair process of DSB during meiosis.

4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6798, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357421

RESUMO

Hydrogen is increasingly being discussed as clean energy for the goal of net-zero carbon emissions, applied in the proton-exchange-membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). The preferential oxidation of CO (PROX) in hydrogen is a promising solution for hydrogen purification to avoid catalysts from being poisoned by the trace amount of CO in hydrogen-rich fuel gas. Here, we report the fabrication of a novel bimetallic Pt-Fe catalyst with ultralow metal loading, in which fully-exposed Pt clusters bonded with neighbor atomically dispersed Fe atoms on the defective graphene surface. The fully-exposed PtFe cluster catalyst could achieve complete elimination of CO through PROX reaction and almost 100% CO selectivity, while maintaining good stability for a long period. It has the mass-specific activity of 6.19 (molCO)*(gPt)-1*h-1 at room temperature, which surpasses those reported in literatures. The exhaustive experimental results and theoretical calculations reveal that the construction of fully-exposed bimetallic Pt-Fe cluster catalysts with maximized atomic efficiency and abundant interfacial sites could facilitate oxygen activation on unsaturated Fe species and CO adsorption on electron-rich Pt clusters to hence the probability of CO oxidation, leading to excellent reactivity in practical applications.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384298

RESUMO

Hafnia-based ferroelectric thin films are promising for semiconductor memory and neuromorphic computing applications. Amorphous, as-deposited, thin-film binary alloys of HfO2 and ZrO2 transform to the metastable, orthorhombic ferroelectric phase during post-deposition annealing and cooling. This transformation is generally thought to involve formation of a tetragonal precursor phase that distorts into the orthorhombic phase during cooling. In this work, we systematically study the effects of atomic layer deposition (ALD) temperature on the ferroelectricity of post-deposition-annealed Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 (HZO) thin films. Seed crystallites having interplanar spacings consistent with the polar orthorhombic phase are observed by a plan-view transmission electron microscope in HZO thin films deposited at an elevated ALD temperature. After ALD under conditions that promote formation of these nanocrystallites, high-polarization (Pr > 18 µC/cm2) ferroelectric switching is observed after rapid thermal annealing (RTA) at low temperature (350 °C). These results indicate the presence of minimal non-ferroelectric phases retained in the films after RTA when the ALD process forms nanocrystalline particles that seed subsequent formation of the polar orthorhombic phase.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 223(Pt A): 663-672, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368360

RESUMO

Zizyphus jujube polysaccharide was extracted with hot water, ultrahigh pressure, deep eutectic solvent (DES) and ultrahigh pressure-assisted DES. Comparative analyses were conducted on the yield, physicochemical properties and prebiotic activity of four polysaccharides (JP-H, JP-U, JP-D and JP-UD). The yield of JP-UD (10.42 %) was 3.3 times that of JP-H (3.12 %), and its sugar content was the highest. JP-UD possessed the lowest Mw, while JP-H possessed the highest. Four JPs were acidic pyranose and mainly composed of galacturonic acid, arabinose and galactose. NMR results demonstrated that they contained not only similar glycosidic linkage but also the specific glycosidic linkage of →4)-α-D-Glcp-(l→ appeared in JP-U and JP-UD, the esterified units of GalA and CONH2 group appeared in JP-D and JP-UD, and the Terminal ß-D-Galp and →4)-α-GalpA-(1→ appeared in JP-UD. JPs showed different proliferation effects on four lactobacillus strains, among which JP-UD exhibited the strongest prebiotic activity. Zizyphus jujube polysaccharides have great potential for application in the functional food and medical industry.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(45): 51165-51174, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335598

RESUMO

The state-of-the-art poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)-based organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) are gaining importance for a variety of biological applications due to their mixed electronic and ionic conductivities featuring ion-to-electron conversion. A low operation voltage without sacrificing device performance is desired to realize long-term monitoring of biological activities. In the present work, oxoammonium salts with two different counterions (TEMPO+X-, where TEMPO = 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxoammonium; X = Br- and TFSI-) are employed as secondary dopants to modulate the device performance. Both oxoammonium salts feature a distinct dopant concentration-dependent doping effect, allowing precise control in improving the performance of OECTs. A zero-gate bias, corresponding to the maximum transconductance, and a low threshold voltage are realized by optimizing the dopant concentrations. In addition, TEMPO+TFSI- dopant exerts great capability in modulating the work function and in morphology reconstruction of PEDOT:PSS, ensuring a well-matched work function at the gold electrode-channel material interface and condensed microstructure stacking with an edge-on orientation in the doped PEDOT:PSS films. The synergistic effect of TEMPO and the TFSI- counterion endows the device with superior performance to its counterparts due to the resultant higher µC* figure, benefiting from the efficient injection/extraction of holes at the interface and enhanced intra- and inter-chain carrier transport. The excellent device performance makes the OECT a promising neuromorphic device to mimic basic brain functions.

8.
Org Lett ; 24(45): 8406-8411, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350055

RESUMO

A novel and efficient I2/FeCl3-catalyzed domino reaction of aurones with enamino esters via Michael addition, iodination, intramolecular nucleophilic substitution, and spiro ring opening processes has been developed, affording a vast variety of polysubstituted pyrroles in moderate to excellent yields. This protocol features mild reaction conditions, broad substrate scope, high atom economy and efficiency, and feasibility for large-scale synthesis. A plausible mechanism for the pyrrole synthesis is proposed.

9.
Small ; : e2205088, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424142

RESUMO

Surface defects-mediated nonradiative recombination plays a critical role in the performance and stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) and surface post-treatment is widely used for efficient PSCs. However, the commonly used surface passivation strategies are one-off and the passivation defect ability is limited, which can only solve part of the defects in the topmost surface area. Here, a secondary anti-solvent strategy is proposed to further reduce surface defects based on conventional surface passivation for the first time. Based on this, the crystallization quality of 2D Dion-Jacobson perovskite is enhanced and the surface defects density is further reduced by nearly two orders. In addition, a gradient structure of perovskite with n = 2 phases located at the top of the film and 3D-like phases located at the bottom of the film can also be obtained. The modulated perovskite film boosts the efficiency of 2D perovskites (n = 5) up to 19.55%. This strategy is also very useful in other anti-solvent processed perovskite dipping systems, which paves a promising avenue for minimizing surface defects toward highly efficient perovskite devices.

10.
J Pathol Clin Res ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424637

RESUMO

Siglec-15, a novel immune suppressor, is upregulated in many human cancers. The aim of this study was to explore the expression of Siglec-15 in colorectal cancer (CRC), and investigate whether Siglec-15 could be a potential target for cancer immunotherapy in patients with CRC. We performed immunohistochemical analyses of Siglec-15 on a cohort of 805 patients with CRC and made comparisons between clinicopathological characteristics, PD-L1 expression, CD3, CD8, CD45RO tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), and prognosis. We found that Siglec-15 expression was commonly detected in tumor cells (48.3%) and tumor-associated stromal cells (33.4%), and was more frequently observed than PD-L1 expression in tumor cells. In contrast, Siglec-15 expression was weakly and scarcely found in normal mucosa (13%). Siglec-15 overexpression in tumor cells was associated with advanced TNM stage (p = 0.020). Co-expression of Siglec-15 and PD-L1 in tumor cells was found in 14.4% of patients, and Siglec-15 expression was detected in almost half of PD-L1 negative cases. Elevated Siglec-15 expression in tumor and stromal cells was associated with sparser CD45RO and CD8 TILs (p = 0.035 and p = 0.004, respectively). The expression of Siglec-15 did not have prognostic significance. In summary, compared to PD-L1, Siglec-15 protein expression is more prevalent in CRC and is associated with advanced disease stage and fewer TILs. These findings support Siglec-15 as a potential cancer immunotherapy target, in addition to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, in patients with CRC.

11.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 48(11): 2946-2955, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, most postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) screening scales used in China are general PTSD scales which are not compiled specifically for pregnant women and thus cannot reflect the unique needs of this population. This study aimed to translate the City Birth Trauma Scale (City BiTS) into Chinese and validate its psychometric characteristics in Chinese postpartum women. METHODS: After translation, back-translation, and expert discussion, 596 mothers at 1 to 12 months postpartum filled out the questionnaires through the Internet. The reliability and validity of the translated questionnaire were tested. RESULTS: The Cronbach's α coefficient of the Chinese version of City BiTS (City BiTS-C) was 0.889, the test-retest reliability was 0.86, and the content validity was 0.93. Exploratory factor analysis extracted two factors accounted for 63.148% of the variance. The City BiTS-C had appropriate construct validity in the Chinese culture (root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA] = 0.048, <0.05; χ2 /df = 2.666, <3). The values of the incremental fit index (IFI) and the Tucker-Lewis coefficient (TLI) were 0.990 and 0.976, which identified that the model was a good fit for the data. The values of the comparative fit index (CFI) and the normed fit index (NFI) were 0.890 and 0.873, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The City BiTS-C is a reliable and valid measure to screening and diagnosis the postpartum PTSD among new mothers who gave birth in the past year in mainland China. IMPLICATIONS: The City BiTS-C is a short, reliable, and valid instrument that measures the symptoms of postpartum PTSD, and it is recommend for clinical screening.


Assuntos
Asiáticos , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , China , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333961

RESUMO

The elaborate control of the vertical phase distribution within an active layer is critical to ensuring the high performance of organic solar cells (OSCs), but is challenging. Herein, a self-stratification active layer is realised by adding a novel polyfluoroalkyl-containing non-fullerene small-molecule acceptor (NFSMA), EH-C8F17, as the guest into PM6:BTP-eC9 blend. A favourable vertical morphology was obtained with an upper acceptor-enriched thin layer and a lower undisturbed bulk heterojunction layer. Consequently, a power conversion efficiency of 18.03% was achieved, higher than the efficiency of 17.40% for the device without EH-C8F17. Additionally, benefiting from the improved charge transport and collection realised by this self-stratification strategy, the OSC with a thickness of 350 nm had an impressive PCE of 16.89%. The results of the study indicate that polyfluoroalkyl-containing NFSMA-assisted self-stratification within the active layer is effective for realising an ideal morphology for high-performance OSCs.

13.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367597

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report atypical clinical features and diagnosis of stromal herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) and to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of tear HSV-sIgA in atypical HSK. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: Records of keratitis' patients with tear herpes simplex virus (HSV)-sIgA test results acquired between May 2019 and November 2021 were evaluated retrospectively. Positive tear HSV-sIgA test was used to identify herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. Patients with typical presentations and histories of HSV keratitis (HSK) were excluded. RESULTS: Eleven eyes of 11 patients initially diagnosed as keratitis caused by other etiology were confirmed as having HSV infection by positive results of tear HSV-sIgA. Clinical features of atypical stromal HSK were variable. Antiviral treatment was effective in all patients. CONCLUSION: The appearance of an atypical stromal HSK represents a diagnostic challenge. Tear HSV-sIgA test could help provide a quick diagnosis.

14.
Small ; 18(46): e2200510, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209383

RESUMO

To improve the photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance of photocatalysts, the doping strategy through covalent functionalization is often adopted to adjust material electronic structures. By contrast, this work demonstrates that the noncovalent interaction in the case of iodinated graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) film can also enhance the PEC performance. Through a facile synthesis method of rapid thermal vapor condensation (RTVC), the prepared iodinated g-CN film shows a significantly improved photocurrent density (38.9 µA cm-2 ), three times that of pure g-CN film (13.0 µA cm-2 ) at 1.23 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode. Computations reveal that the noncovalent attachment of iodine anion (I- ) on g-CN plays a crucial role in modulating the bandgap states and broadening of the visible-light absorption range as well as the charge carrier separation with the photo-induced hole confined to I- and electron to g-CN film. The fully filled valence orbitals (4d10 5s2 5p6 ) of I- determine its noncovalent attachment on the g-CN film and so do the iodine species of I3 - , I5 - , etc. This work offers a favorable synthesis method to achieve efficient doping through noncovalent charge transfer between thin film and certain dopants and provides a useful modification strategy for the establishment of multi-channel transportation of charge carriers in general photocatalysts.

15.
Rep Prog Phys ; 85(12)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36198263

RESUMO

The symmetry of the whole experimental setups, including specific sample environments and measurables, can be compared with that of specimens for observable physical phenomena. We, first, focus on one-dimensional (1D) experimental setups, independent from any spatial rotation around one direction, and show that eight kinds of 1D objects (four; vector-like, the other four; director-like), defined in terms of symmetry, and their dot and cross products are an effective way for the symmetry consideration. The dot products form a Z2× Z2× Z2group with Abelian additive operation, and the cross products form a Z2× Z2group with Abelian additive operation or Q8, a non-Abelian group of order eight, depending on their signs. Those 1D objects are associated with characteristic physical phenomena. When a 3D specimen has symmetry operational similarity (SOS) with (identical or lower, but not higher, symmetries than) an 1D object with a particular phenomenon, the 3D specimen can exhibit the phenomenon. This SOS approach can be a transformative and unconventional avenue for symmetry-guided materials designs and discoveries.

16.
Nanoscale ; 14(40): 15101-15110, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205195

RESUMO

A technique for detecting the activation of cell signal transduction is particularly important for disease diagnosis and therapy. Transcriptional factor (TF) activities that could indicate the status of cell signal transduction are a favorable target for cell signal detection. Tetrahedron DNA nanostructures (TDNs) which contain specific binding sequences of TFs were designed and synthesized in this research, and their effects on detecting cell signal transduction were evaluated. We found that FAM-labeled TDNs with the indicated TF binding sequences could specifically bind to activated TFs of hypoxia signaling or TGF-ß signaling. Signaling pathway activities detected via TDNs could be exhibited by various methods including fluorescence imaging, flow cytometry and fluorescence spectrometer analysis. The reliability of this new technique is in line with the classical dual luciferase reporter assay system. This work develops a novel and effective tool to examine the activation of intracellular signaling pathways via nanotechnology. In addition, good stability and programmability of TDNs ensure their widespread application in various signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Fatores de Transcrição , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Nanoestruturas/química , DNA/química , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta
17.
Food Chem X ; 15: 100368, 2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211772

RESUMO

Previous results indicated that the flavonoid profiles might have varietal differences in pomelo, but detailed information is unknown. We previously isolated 4 new flavonoids, cigranoside C, D, E, F, in Citrus grandis Shatianyu pulp. However, their distribution in different pomelo cultivars remains to be explored. Therefore, the flavonoid profiles and in vitro bioactivity of the pulp from 5 pomelo and 1 grapefruit cultivars commonly consumed in China were investigated. Fourteen flavonoids were identified, cigranoside C, D, E were detected in these pomelo and grapefruit. Naringin and cigranoside C were the major flavonoids in grapefruit, Guanximiyu-W, Guanximiyu-R and Liangpingyu, while melitidin and rhoifolin was the predominant flavonoid in Shatianyu and Yuhuanyu, respectively. Pomelo and grapefruit showed strong antioxidant activity, and were potent inhibitors of pancreatic lipase with IC50 values of 11.4-72.6 mg fruit/mL except Shatianyu. Thus, pomelo and grapefruit are natural antioxidants and possess anti-obesity potential.

18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(44): 14235-14246, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283033

RESUMO

The constituents of germinated brown rice (GBR), brown rice (BRR), and white rice (WHR) and their impact on metabolism, inflammation, and gut microbiota in high fat (HF) diet-fed mice were examined. The contents of total fiber and γ-aminobutyric acid in BRR and GBR were higher than that in WHR (p < 0.05). Male C57 BL/6J mice received HF diet+26 g% of WHR, BRR, or GBR for 12 weeks. BRR and GBR comparably reduced HF diet-induced increases in fasting plasma glucose, lipids, insulin resistance, and inflammatory markers compared to WHR (p < 0.01). The abundance of fecal Bacteroidetes in mice fed HF+GBR or HF+BRR was higher than in HF+WHR-fed mice (p < 0.05). The abundance of fecal Lactobacillus gasseri in GBR-fed mice was greater than that in WHR- or BRR-fed mice (p < 0.05). The results indicated that GBR or BRR attenuated hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and inflammation in mice. HF+GBR, but not HF+BRR, increased a probiotic bacteria in the gut.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Resistência à Insulina , Oryza , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Insulina , Inflamação , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
19.
Adv Mater ; : e2110587, 2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189852

RESUMO

The development of hole-transport materials (HTMs) with high mobility, long-term stability, and comprehensive passivation is significant for simultaneously improving the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells (PVSCs). Herein, two donor-acceptor (D-A) conjugated polymers PBTI and PFBTI with alternating benzodithiophene (BDT) and bithiophene imide (BTI) units are successfully developed with desirable hole mobilities due to the good planarity and extended conjugation of molecular backbone. Both copolymers can be employed as HTMs with suitable energy levels and efficient defect passivation. Shortening the alkyl chain of the BTI unit and introducing fluorine atoms on the BDT moiety effectively enhances hole mobility and hydrophobicity of the HTMs, leading to improved efficiency and stability of PVSCs. As a result, the organic-inorganic hybrid PVSCs with PFBTI as the HTM deliver a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 23.1% with enhanced long-term operational and ambient stability, which is one of the best efficiencies reported for PVSCs with dopant-free polymeric HTMs to date. Moreover, PFBTI can be applied in inorganic PVSCs and perovskite/organic tandem solar cells, achieving a high PCE of 17.4% and 22.2%, respectively. These results illustrate the great potential of PFBTI as an efficient and widely applicable HTM for cost-effective and stable PVSCs.

20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(41): 8078-8082, 2022 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200479

RESUMO

An electrochemical carbenoid insertion reaction of diazo compounds into C-S and C-O bonds with electricity as the oxidant has been reported in this work. In this protocol, this transformation proceeded smoothly under mild conditions at room temperature in the absence of a catalyst and a ligand. In addition, the yield of the S-H insertion product was up to 96% and the O-H product could be efficiently obtained in up to 80% yield. Of note is that this environmentally friendly strategy exhibited excellent applicability in gram-scale synthesis.


Assuntos
Ésteres , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Ésteres/química , Salicilatos , Ligantes , Oxidantes
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