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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(2): 382-387, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859802

RESUMO

Intraspinal inflammatory and immune responses are considered to play central roles in the pathological development of spinal cord injury. This study aimed to decipher the dynamics of systemic immune responses, initiated by spinal cord injury. The spinal cord in mice was completely transected at T8. Changes in the in vivo inflammatory response, between the acute and subacute stages, were observed. A rapid decrease in C-reactive protein levels, circulating leukocytes and lymphocytes, spleen-derived CD4+ interferon-γ+ T-helper cells, and inflammatory cytokines, and a marked increase in neutrophils, monocytes, and CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ regulatory T-cells were observed during the acute phase. These systemic immune alterations were gradually restored to basal levels during the sub-acute phase. During the acute phase of spinal cord injury, systemic immune cells and factors showed significant inhibition; however, this inhibition was transient, and the indicators of these serious disorders gradually returned to baseline levels during the subacute phase. All experiments were performed in accordance with the institutional animal care guidelines, approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Experimental Animal Center of Drum Tower Hospital, China (approval No. 2019AE01040) on June 25, 2019.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(18)2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911605

RESUMO

Imetelstat sodium (GRN163L; hereafter, imetelstat) is a first-in-class telomerase inhibitor that has demonstrated activity in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). Treatment with imetelstat has been associated with thrombocytopenia and other hematologic adverse effects that were manageable and reversible. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are proteins that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and stimulate innate immune and pro-apoptotic responses. Because imetelstat is an oligonucleotide, and some oligonucleotides can activate TLRs, we conducted an in vitro study to rule out the possibility of imetelstat-associated thrombocytopenia by off-target effects through activation of TLRs. We used HEK293 cell lines stably co-expressing a human TLR gene and an NFκB-inducible reporter to investigate whether imetelstat can activate TLR signaling. We treated the cells with imetelstat or control oligonucleotides for 20 h, and used absorbance of the culture media to calculate the reporter activity. Treatment with imetelstat within or beyond the clinically relevant concentrations had no stimulatory effect on TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, or TLR9. This result was not surprising since the structure of imetelstat does not meet the reported minimal structural requirements for TLR9 activation. Furthermore, imetelstat treatment of the MPN cell line HEL did not impact the expression of TLR signaling pathway target genes that are commonly induced by activation of different TLRs, whereas it significantly reduced its target gene hTERT, human telomerase reverse transcriptase, in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Hence, cytopenias, especially thrombocytopenia observed in some patients treated with imetelstat, are not mediated by off-target interactions with TLRs.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914617

RESUMO

The anode interlayer plays a critical role in the performance of organic photodetectors, which requires sufficient electron-blocking ability to simultaneously attain high photo-current and low dark current. Here we developed two cross-linkable polymers, which can be deposited on the top of the widely used poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) and form robust layer that can effectively suppress the electron injection from the anode under reverse bias. The optimized device with the resulted cross-linkable XP2 exhibited the lowest dark current density of 5.81×10^-9 A/cm2 at -0.1 V, which is about two orders of magnitude lower than the control devices. A remarkable responsivity of 0.5 A/W and a detectivity of >1×10^13 Jones at a near-infrared wavelength of 800 nm were achieved. Of particular importance is that the resulting device exhibited a linear dynamic range of > 135 dB associated with a high working frequency that is shorter than typical commercial digital imagers. The planar heterojunction devices demonstrate that the dark current is closely correlated to the charge generation, which relied on the highest occupied molecular orbital energy levels of the developed cross-linked interlays. The Mott-Schottky analysis revealed that the optimized cross-linked interlayer increased the depletion width of the devices.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924970

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease that disrupts the lives of millions of people worldwide. To date, a safe and reliable treatment has not yet been announced. Excessive production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α plays an important role in the pathological development of OA. Dehydrocostus lactone (DHC) is a kind of sesquiterpene isolated from medicinal plants that has been demonstrated to play a protective role in inflammation and tumor formation. However, the effects of DHC in OA hasn't been reported before. In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant and protective effects of DHC in human chondrocytes against insult from tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). We found that DHC inhibited oxidative stress by suppressing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from TNF-α stimulation. Furthermore, DHC decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by TNF-α, such as interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Importantly, DHC prevented the degradation of type II collagen and aggrecan, which are the main components of the extracellular matrix (ECM), by inhibiting the overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif (ADAMTS) induced by TNF-α. Mechanistically, DHC ameliorated the inflammatory response and degeneration of the articular extracellular matrix (ECM) by suppressing nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation. Our results reveal that DHC possesses a beneficial effect against TNF-α-mediated insult in human chondrocytes, implying a potential role for DHC in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA).

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8406846, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908918

RESUMO

Our previous research suggests that 3-deoxyglucosone (3DG), formed in the caramelization course and Maillard reactions in food, is an independent factor for the development of prediabetes. Since the relationship between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and intestinal microbiota is moving from correlation to causality, we investigated the alterations in the composition and function of the intestinal microbiota in 3DG-induced prediabetic rats. Rats were given 50 mg/kg 3DG by intragastric administration for two weeks. Microbial profiling in faeces samples was determined through the 16S rRNA gene sequence. The glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels in plasma and intestinal tissues were measured by ELISA and Limulus test, respectively. 3DG treatment did not significantly change the richness and evenness but affected the composition of intestinal microbiota. At the phylum level, 3DG treatment increased the abundance of nondominant bacteria Proteobacteria but did not cause the change of the dominant bacteria. Meanwhile, the abundance of the Prevotellaceae family and Parasutterela genus and the Alcaligencaeae family and Burkholderiales order and its attachment to the Betaproteobacteria class were overrepresented in the 3DG group. The bacteria of Candidatus Soleaferrea genus, Gelria genus, and Thermoanaerobacteraceae family and its attachment to Thermoanaerobacterales order were apparently more abundant in the control group. In addition, 45 KEGG pathways were altered after two-week intragastric administration of 3DG. Among these KEGG pathways, 13 KEGG pathways were involved in host metabolic function related to amino acid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, metabolism of cofactors and vitamins, and metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides. Moreover, the increased LPS levels and the decreased GLP-2 concentration in plasma and intestinal tissues were observed in 3DG-treated rats, together with the impaired fasting glucose and oral glucose tolerance. The alterations in composition and function of the intestinal microbiota were observed in 3DG-treated rats, which provides a possible mechanism linking exogenous 3DG intake to the development of prediabetes.

6.
Genome Biol ; 21(1): 228, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The central nervous system (CNS) is vulnerable to viral infection, yet few host factors in the CNS are known to defend against invasion by neurotropic viruses. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been revealed to play critical roles in a wide variety of biological processes and are highly abundant in the mammalian brain, but their roles in defending against invasion of pathogens into the CNS remain unclear. RESULTS: We report here that multiple neurotropic viruses, including rabies virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, Semliki Forest virus, and herpes simplex virus 1, elicit the neuronal expression of a host-encoded lncRNA EDAL. EDAL inhibits the replication of these neurotropic viruses in neuronal cells and rabies virus infection in mouse brains. EDAL binds to the conserved histone methyltransferase enhancer of zest homolog 2 (EZH2) and specifically causes EZH2 degradation via lysosomes, reducing the cellular H3K27me3 level. The antiviral function of EDAL resides in a 56-nt antiviral substructure through which its 18-nt helix-loop intimately contacts multiple EZH2 sites surrounding T309, a known O-GlcNAcylation site. EDAL positively regulates the transcription of Pcp4l1 encoding a 10-kDa peptide, which inhibits the replication of multiple neurotropic viruses. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that a neuronal lncRNA can exert an effective antiviral function via blocking a specific O-GlcNAcylation that determines EZH2 lysosomal degradation, rather than the traditional interferon-dependent pathway.

7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 7271-7281, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801755

RESUMO

Background: The transforming growth factor ß regulator 4 (TBRG4) has been proved to be involved in various types of tumor. However, its contribution in human osteosarcoma (OS) is still unclear. Patients and Methods: In the present study, immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR were performed to investigate the expression of TBRG4 in OS tissues obtained from patients and three types of cell lines. The effect of TBRG4 knockdown using lentivirus on tumorigenesis was detected by CCK8, high-content screening analysis, colony formation assay and flow cytometric analysis. Bioinformatics analysis was operated to investigate related signaling pathways following TBRG4 knockdown. Results: The results showed that the expression of TBRG4 increased significantly in OS tissues and MG63 cell line. TBRG4 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, colony and tumor formation, while activating cell apoptosis. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis and Western blot assay further indicated that TBRG4 knockdown may regulate the proliferation of human MG63 cells through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Conclusion: Our results suggest that TBRG4 may become a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of human OS.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21770, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an alternative for constipation after cancer chemotherapy, Chinese medicine has gradually attracted the attention of clinicians based on the theory of syndrome differentiation and treatment. However, due to the lack of evidence-based medical evidence, the author designed the program to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicine. METHODS: From the beginning to August 2020, 8 electronic databases will be searched. Two of our researchers will independently conduct research selection, data extraction, and risk assessment of bias. We will use Review Manager 5.3 software for meta-analysis and heterogeneity assessment. In addition, we will use the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation to evaluate the evidence quality. RESULTS: This study will demonstrate an evidence-based review of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for constipation after cancer chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: The study will provide clear evidence to assess the effectiveness and side effects of TCM for constipation after cancer chemotherapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070027.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Constipação Intestinal/induzido quimicamente , Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
9.
Carbohydr Polym ; 246: 116532, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747231

RESUMO

In this study, LPIIa, a purified polysaccharide from longan pulp, was isolated. Its anti-inflammatory activity and intestinal barrier protection were investigated with LPS-treated co-culture model of Caco-2 cells and RAW 264.7 macrophages. The average molecular weight LPIIa was 159.3 kDa. Its detailed structure was shown below. The backbone of LPIIa was composed of (1→3,4)-linked-α-Rhap, (1→4)-linked-ß-Galp, (1→6)-linked-ß-Galp, and (1→3,6)-linked-ß-Galp, with branches at the O-4 of Rha and O-3 of Gal, consisting of side chains of α-Araf, ß-Galp, and α-Glcp. In LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages, LPIIa suppressed the production of inflammatory mediators, including TNF-α, IL-6, NO, and PGE2, and inhibited iNOS and COX-2 gene expression. In addition, LPIIa attenuated intestinal tight-junctional channel protein Claudin-2 expression and increased tight-junctional barrier protein ZO-1 expression in Caco-2 cells. Knowing the structural features and activities of longan polysaccharide gives insights into longan polysaccharide application as an anti-inflammatory agent or adjuvant in curing the intestinal inflammation.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840356

RESUMO

Organic solar cells (OSCs) have demonstrated considerable potential in utilizing renewable solar energy because of their distinct advantages of light weight, low cost, and good flexibility. In the past decade, tremendous development in power conversion efficiency (PCE) from ∼7% to more than 17% has been witnessed. Among the various strategies of improving the PCE of OSCs, tandem structure is one of the most effective ways. In this Spotlight on Applications, we first introduce active-layer materials that we developed and selected for tandem OSC construction. We then emphasize an interconnecting layer (ICL) that we developed based on polymeric electron-transport layers. Benefiting from the organic nature of polymeric materials, the electron extraction ability and charge-transport ability of the organic electron-transport layer can be easily tuned by modifying the molecular structure or using a binary strategy, which enables us to obtain highly efficient tandem OSCs. Moreover, an ICL composed of a polymeric electron and hole-transport layer offers intrinsic advantage in obtaining a flexible tandem device and is compatible with the printing technique for fabricating large-area devices. After that, the application of the transfer matrix modeling method in predicting the best tandem OSCs architecture is introduced. Lastly, the possible research interests of tandem OSCs in the future from our point of view is discussed.

11.
Microorganisms ; 8(8)2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824001

RESUMO

The present study assessed the effects of freeze-dried cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G), an anthocyanin enriched in dark-red berries, compared to Saskatoon berry powder (SBp) on metabolism, inflammatory markers and gut microbiota in high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) diet-induced insulin-resistant mice. Male C57 BL/6J mice received control, HFHS, HFHS + SBp (8.0 g/kg/day) or HFHS + C3G (7.2 mg/kg/day, equivalent C3G in SBp) diet for 11 weeks. The HFHS diet significantly increased plasma levels of glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers. The HFHS + SBp diet increased the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes (B/F) ratio and relative abundance of Muriculaceae family bacteria in mouse feces detected using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The HFHS + SBp or HFHS + C3G diet attenuated glucose, lipids, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers, and increased the B/F ratio and Muriculaceae relative abundance compared to the HFHS diet alone. The relative abundances of Muriculaceae negatively correlated with body weight, glucose, lipids, insulin resistance and inflammatory mediators. Functional predication analysis suggested that the HFHS diet upregulated gut bacteria genes involved in inflammation, and downregulated bacteria involved in metabolism. C3G and SBp partially neutralized HFHS diet-induced alterations of gut bacteria. The results suggest that C3G is a potential prebiotic, mitigating HFHS diet-induced disorders in metabolism, inflammation and gut dysbiosis, and that C3G contributes to the metabolic beneficial effects of SBp.

12.
J Affect Disord ; 276: 797-803, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of the new coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) in Wuhan, Hubei, has caused very serious consequences and severely affected people's lives and mental health. The outbreak will cause bad emotions such as tension, anxiety, fear, and so on. College students who have returned home from school face infection, isolation, and delay in starting school, and thus, their emotional stress should be observed. METHODS: This study used self-designed questionnaires and artificial intelligence (AI) to assess and analyze the emotional state of over 30,000 college students during the outbreak period in January (T1) and home quarantine in February (T2). This survey used online questionnaire (www.wjx.cn) to investigate the emotion information of college students. RESULTS: In the T1 survey, the "Typhoon Eye Effect" appeared. College students in Hubei are calmer than those outside Hubei in T1. However, in T2, an emotional "infection point" appeared, there was an "Exposure Effect", the negative emotions of students in Hubei largely increased and became higher than students outside Hubei. CONCLUSION: This survey found that there is an emotional "infection point" in February among college students, especially in the Hubei area. College students in Hubei are calmer than those outside Hubei in T1. In contrast, college students in Hubei were more nervous and scared than those outside Hubei in T2. This epidemic has caused the students to experience significant pressure and negative emotions. Therefore, universities and society should pay attention to their emotional adjustment, there are some suggestions such as establish the mental health organizations, test students' emotion status regularly.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Emoções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Saúde Pública , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Inteligência Artificial , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Immunol ; 205(5): 1217-1227, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759295

RESUMO

CD8+ T cells play a critical role in adaptive immunity, differentiating into CD8+ memory T cells that form the basis of protective cellular immunity. Vaccine efficacy is attributed to long-term protective immunity, and understanding the parameters that regulate development of CD8+ T cells is critical to the design of T cell-mediated vaccines. We show in this study using mouse models that two distinct parameters, TCR signal strength (regulated by the tyrosine kinase ITK) and Ag affinity, play important but separate roles in modulating the development of memory CD8+ T cells. Unexpectedly, our data reveal that reducing TCR signal strength along with reducing Ag affinity for the TCR leads to enhanced and accelerated development of CD8+ memory T cells. Additionally, TCR signal strength is able to regulate CD8+ T cell effector cytokine R production independent of TCR Ag affinity. Analysis of RNA-sequencing data reveals that genes for inflammatory cytokines/cytokine receptors are significantly altered upon changes in Ag affinity and TCR signal strength. Furthermore, our findings show that the inflammatory milieu is critical in regulating this TCR signal strength-mediated increase in memory development, as both CpG oligonucleotide treatment or cotransfer of wild-type and Itk-/- T cells eliminates the observed increase in memory cell formation. These findings suggest that TCR signal strength and Ag affinity independently contribute to CD8+ memory T cell development, which is modulated by inflammation, and suggest that manipulating TCR signal strength along with Ag affinity, may be used to tune the development of CD8+ memory T cells during vaccine development.

14.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 185, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tracheal extubation is commonly performed in the supine position. However, in patients undergoing abdominal surgery, the supine position increases abdominal wall tension, especially during coughing and deep breathing, which may aggravate pain and lead to abdominal wound dehiscence. The semi-Fowler's position may reduce abdominal wall tension, but its safety and comfort in tracheal extubation have not been reported. We aimed to evaluate the safety and comfort of different extubation positions in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 141 patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists grade of I-III who underwent abdominal surgery. All patients were anesthetized with propofol, fentanyl, cisatracurium, and sevoflurane. After surgery, all patients were transferred to the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Patients were then randomly put into the semi-Fowler's (n = 70) or supine (n = 71) position while 100% oxygen was administered. The endotracheal tube was removed after the patients opened their eyes and regained consciousness. Vital signs, coughing, and pain and comfort scores before and/or after extubation were recorded until the patients left the PACU. RESULTS: In comparison with the supine position, the semi-Fowler's position significantly decreased the wound pain scores at all intervals after extubation (3.51 ± 2.50 vs. 4.58 ± 2.26, 2.23 ± 1.68 vs. 3.11 ± 2.00, 1.81 ± 1.32 vs. 2.59 ± 1.88, P = 0.009, 0.005 and 0.005, respectively), reduced severe coughing (8[11.43%] vs. 21[29.58%], P = 0.008) and bucking after extubation (3[4.29%] vs. 18[25.35%], P < 0.001), and improved the comfort scores 5 min after extubation (6.11 ± 2.30 vs. 5.17 ± 1.78, P = 0.007) and when leaving from post-anesthesia care unit (7.17 ± 2.27 vs. 6.44 ± 1.79, P = 0.034). The incidences of vomiting, emergence agitation, and respiratory complications were of no significant difference. CONCLUSION: Tracheal extubation in the semi-Fowler's position is associated with less coughing, sputum suction, and pain, and more comfort, without specific adverse effects when compared to the conventional supine position. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1900025566 . Registered on 1st September 2019.

15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750747

RESUMO

Distant metastases occur when non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is at late stages. Bone metastasis is one of the most frequent metastases of NSCLC and leads to poor prognosis. It has been reported that high expression of BMP2 in NSCLC correlates with poor survival, but whether BMP2 contributes to NSCLC bone metastasis remains largely unknown. The activation of BMP signalling is found in metastatic bone tumours of mice Lewis lung carcinoma and predicts poor survival in human NSCLC. BMP2 signalling activation can enhance bone metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma. Moreover, BMP2 secreted by stroma fibroblasts can promote the migration and invasion of NSCLC cells. Besides, in combination with pre-osteoblast and LLCs, BMP2 could enhance the differentiation of macrophages into osteoclasts to play roles in the osteolytic mechanism of NSCLC bone metastasis. Interestingly, NSCLC cells can also enrich BMP2 to pre-osteoblasts to function in the osteoblastic mechanism. Our results firstly demonstrate the detailed mechanisms about what roles BMP2 signalling play in enhancing NSCLC bone metastases. These findings provide a new potential therapy choice for preventing bone metastases of NSCLC via the inhibition of BMP2 signalling.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12863, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732986

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810198

RESUMO

Copper-catalyzed carbene insertion/ester migration/cyclization of enaminones and α-diazo compounds occurred efficiently to afford 2-ester polysubstituted pyrroles under mild conditions in moderate-to-good yields. Substituent functionality was well tolerated and 13C-labelled experiments demonstrated 1,2-ester migration during the reaction.

18.
Acta Biomater ; 113: 570-583, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629190

RESUMO

Developing a multi-functional radiosensitizer with high efficiency and low toxicity remains challenging. Herein, we report a mesoporous heterostructure radiosensitizer (UCNP@NBOF-FePc-PFA) containing Lu-based upconversion nanophosphor (UCNP) and Bi-based nanomaterial loaded with iron phthalocyanine for X-ray and NIR light dual-triggered tri-modal tumor therapy. NaLuF4:Yb,Tm, a Lu-based UCNP, offers radiosensitization and upconversion luminescence for optical bio-imaging. However, Bi has a higher X-ray mass attenuation coefficient than Lu. Thus, after stepwise fabrication, Na0.2Bi0.8O0.35F1.91:Yb (NBOF) was assembled with the UCNP to form a mesoporous heterostructure composite. This enhanced the radiosensitization effect and drug load to realize multi-modal tumor therapy. After coating it with folate-conjugated amphiphilic PEG (PFA), UCNP@NBOF-FePc-PFA realized tumor photothermal/photodynamic/radio-therapy. The structure of UCNP@NBOF-FePc-PFA was well characterized. Different properties triggered by X-ray and NIR light were evaluated. Finally, a highly efficient tumor ablation effect was demonstrated in vitro and in vivo. Consequently, this kind of nanocomposite provides a unique strategy for designing a theranostic platform for oncotherapy. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The synergy of enhanced radiotherapy and photothermal/photodynamic therapy is found to improve tumor therapeutic efficacy. On that basis, a heterostructure nanohybrid containing Lu-based UCNP and Bi-based mesoporous material is synthesized. The heterostructure nanohybrid can be loaded with FePc and decorated with folate-modified amphiphilic PEG to form a multi-functional theranostic nano-platform. The platform exhibits upconversion luminescence capacity, X-ray attenuation property, photothermal effect, and X-ray and NIR dual-light triggered ROS generation capability. These features can not only enable upconversion luminescence/CT bioimaging of living beings but also be applied to the photothermal/photodynamic/radio- synergistic tumor ablation. To sum up, the nanomaterial offers a novel method for the construction of a new theranostic platform.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722860

RESUMO

All-solid-state lithium ion batteries (LIBs) are ideal for energy storage given their safety and long-term stability. However, there is a limited availability of viable electrode active materials. Herein, we report a truxenone-based covalent organic framework (COF-TRO) as cathode materials for all-solid-state LIBs. The high-density carbonyl groups combined with the ordered crystalline COF structure greatly facilitate lithium ion storage via reversible redox reactions. As a result, a high specific capacity of 268 mAh g-1 , almost 97.5 % of the calculated theoretical capacity was achieved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest capacity among all COF-based cathode materials for all-solid-state LIBs reported so far. Moreover, the excellent cycling stability (99.9 % capacity retention after 100 cycles at 0.1 C rate) shown by COF-TRO suggests such truxenone-based COFs have great potential in energy storage applications.

20.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643406

RESUMO

In this work, we isolated a new benzofuran glycoside, 6-ß-d-glucosyl-6,7-dihydroxy-5-benzofuranpropanoic acid methyl ester (1), together with six known compounds (2-7) from the fruits of Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels. Extensive spectroscopic methods were employed to elucidate their structures. Herein, compounds 2, 3, 5 and 6 were reported from Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels for the first time. Moreover, compounds 1, 2, 4 and 6 showed comparable 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activity to l-ascorbic acid, and compound 4 also exhibited potent 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). All of the compounds showed oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values ranging from 0.3 to 3.6 µmol trolex equivalent/µmol. In addition, compounds 3 and 5 also demonstrated good α-amylase inhibitory activity.

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