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1.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(2): 133-135, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384896

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The effect of clockwise mixing method and clockwise combined eight-shaped mixing method on the accuracy of alginate impression was compared. METHODS: From march to April 2018, 40 dental restoration cases in the Department of Stomatology, Zhoupu Hospital, Pudong District, Shanghai were selected. Two nurses and the same doctor treated 40 patients with single crown porcelain restoration. Two sets of models were taken by two kinds of mixing methods, which were divided into experimental group and control group. Clockwise manual mixing method was used in the control group to take the model, while clockwise combined eight-shaped mixing method was used in the experimental group to take the model. SPSS 24.0 software package was used for Mann-Whitney rank sum test. RESULTS: The same high-grade technician used a magnifying glass to observe the prepared impression, recorded the shoulder print, the sulcus wing and bubble generation, and comprehensively evaluated the impression quality. A comparison was made between the two groups, Z=-4.634, P<0.001, and the difference was statistically significant. Among them, the ratio of excellent quality of the clockwise combined eight-shaped mixing method (77.5%) was significantly higher than that of the clockwise mixing method (10%), and the proportion of level IV unqualification (2.5%) was significantly lower than that of the clockwise mixing method (27.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The quality of impression using clockwise combined eight-shaped mixing method is higher than that of the clockwise method, which improves the success rate of the mold and reduces the discomfort caused by repeated impression. Application of this technique is helpful to the promotion of occult knowledge among nurses.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , China , Coroas , Humanos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16811, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415396

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are associated with cytotoxicity and obesity. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of high-proportion medium chain triglyceride (MCT) on body fat distribution and levels of leptin and adiponectin during chemotherapy of children with ALL.New-onset ALL children treated at the Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center between March 2016 and March 2017 were enrolled. Children were divided into the MCT and control groups. For the MCT group, high-proportion MCT nutrition preparation was added to the diet, while no MCT was added for the control group. The MCT group was further divided into subgroups A and B based on the amount of supplement. Waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, bone marrow concentrations of leptin and adiponectin, and leptin-to-adiponectin ratio were measured before and on days 19 and 46 of chemotherapy. Body weight and body mass index (BMI) were measured on admission and discharge.Waist circumference in the control group increased by day 46 (P = .047), but did not change in the MCT group. The BMI of the children in the control group was higher than those in the MCT group on admission (P = .003), but not different at discharge. No significant differences in hip circumference, leptin levels, adiponectin levels, and body weight were observed between the 2 groups.This preliminary study suggests that short-term supplementation of high-proportion MCT nutrition preparation may help reduce the centripetal distribution of adipose induced by the application of glucocorticoids in children with ALL. This will have to be confirmed in future studies.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Adiposidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/fisiopatologia , Triglicerídeos/farmacologia , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Obesidade/induzido quimicamente , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/sangue , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Circunferência da Cintura
3.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(11): e27965, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407493

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine the effects of a group-based physical activity intervention on improvement in physical activity and mitigation of symptom distress among pediatric patients with cancer. METHODS: Based on convenience sampling, 57 pediatric patients with cancer admitted to the cancer center were included in the intervention group. The control group included 57 pediatric patients with cancer from two other hospitals matched to the patients in the intervention group by age, sex, and diagnosis. A group-based physical activity program was implemented among the children in the intervention group, whereas the children in the control group received standard care. Physical activity and symptoms were measured using the Children's Leisure Time Activities Study Survey-Chinese and using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale 10-18 at baseline and after the 12th exercise session in both the intervention and control groups. RESULTS: The repeated-measures analysis of variance showed that the main intervention effects on the decrease in light-intensity physical activity and increase in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were significant between the two groups (P < .001). The group-based physical activity intervention could decrease the scores of psychological symptoms (P < .001), Global Distress Index (P < .001), and physical symptoms (P = .01) when comparing the difference between the two groups before and after the intervention. There was no significant difference in the number of symptoms or the total symptom experience score between the two groups. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that a group-based physical activity intervention can promote physical activity and relieve psychological and physical symptom distress among pediatric patients with cancer.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 646: 606-617, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30059921

RESUMO

Petroleum refinery wastewater (PRW) treatments based on biofilm membrane bioreactor (BF-MBR) technology is an ideal approach and biofilm supporting material is a critical factor. In this study, BF-MBR with nano-attapulgite clay compounded hydrophilic urethane foams (AT/HUFs) as a biofilm support was used to treat PRW with a hydraulic retention time of 5 h. The removal rate of 500 mg/L chemical oxygen demand (COD), 15 mg/L NH4+ and 180 NTU of turbidity were 99.73%, 97.48% and 99.99%, which were 23%, 20%, and 6% higher than in the control bioreactor, respectively. These results were comparatively higher than that observed for the sequencing batch reactor (SBR). The death rate of the Spirodela polyrrhiza (L.) irrigated with BF-MBR-treated water was 4.44%, which was similar to that of the plants irrigated with tap water (3.33%) and SBR-treated water (5.56%), but significantly lower than that irrigated with raw water (84.44%). The counts demonstrated by qPCR for total bacteria, denitrifiers, nitrite oxidizing bacteria, ammonia oxidizing bacteria, and ammonia-oxidizing archaea were also higher in BF-MBR than those obtained by SBR. Moreover, the results of 16 s rRNA sequencing have demonstrated that the wastewater remediation microbes were enriched in AT/HUFs, e.g., Acidovorax can degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and Sulfuritalea is an efficient nitrite degrader. In summary, BF-MBR using AT/HUF as a biofilm support improves microbiome of the actived sludge and is reliable for oil-refinery wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Compostos de Magnésio/química , Compostos de Silício/química , Uretana/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Águas Residuárias/química , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Argila/química , Membranas Artificiais , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Purificação da Água
5.
J Cell Biochem ; 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335896

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death due to tis high morbidity and mortality. microRNAs have emerged as new biomarkers for the prognosis and diagnosis of patients with COPD. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression of microRNA-206 (miR-206) in lung tissues from COPD patients and to explore the regulatory role of miR-206 in the human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs). Our results showed that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) promoted cell apoptosis, increased caspase-3 activity, and upregulated the expression of miR-206 in HPMECs, which was significantly reversed by the miR-206 knockdown. Transfection with miR-206 mimics led to cell apoptosis and was closely related to changes in the protein expression levels of caspase-3, caspase-9, and Bcl-2 in HPMECs. Further bioinformatics prediction analysis revealed that the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of Notch3 and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA) harbored miR-206-binding sites, and overexpression of miR-206 repressed the luciferase activity of the vectors containing Notch3 and VEGFA 3'UTR. Overexpression of either Notch3 or VEGFA attenuated miR-206-induced cell apoptosis in HPMECs. More importantly, miR-206 expression was upregulated in the lung tissues from COPD patients and was positively corrected with forced expiratory volume 1% predicted in COPD patients, while Notch3 and VEGFA mRNA levels were downregulated and were negatively correlated with the expression level of miR-206 in the lung tissues from COPD patients. In conclusion, our results showed that miR-206 was upregulated in COPD patients and CSE-treated HPMECs, promoted cell apoptosis via directly targeting Notch3 and VEGFA in HPMECs.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 637-638: 1400-1412, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29801233

RESUMO

The world is facing a hard battle against soil pollution such as heavy metals. Metagenome sequencing, 16S rRNA sequencing, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to examine microbial adaptation mechanism to contaminated sediments under natural conditions. Results showed that sediment from a tributary of the Yellow River, which was named Dongdagou River (DDG) supported less bacterial biomass and owned lower richness than sediment from Maqu (MQ), an uncontaminated site in the upper reaches of the Yellow River. Additionally, microbiome structures in these two sites were different. Metagenome sequencing and functional gene annotations revealed that sediment from DDG contains a larger number of genes related to DNA recombination, DNA damage repair, and heavy-metal resistance. KEGG pathway analysis indicated that the sediment of DDG contains a greater number of enzymes associated with heavy-metal resistance and reduction. Additionally, the bacterial phyla Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Firmicutes, which harbored a larger suite of metal-resistance genes, were found to be the core functional phyla in the contaminated sediments. Furthermore, sediment in DDG owned higher viral abundance, indicating virus-mediated heavy-metal resistance gene transfer might be an adaptation mechanism. In conclusion, microbiome of sediment from DDG has evolved into an integrated system resistant to long-term heavy-metal pollution.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Metagenoma , Microbiota , Rios/química
7.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 9670, 2017 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28852154

RESUMO

Soil contamination by PAH and heavy metals is a growing problem. Here, we showed that a new isolate, Pseudomonas brassicacearum strain LZ-4, can simultaneously degrade 98% of 6 mM naphthalene and reduce 92.4% of 500 µM hexavalent chromium [Cr (VI)] within 68 h. A draft genome sequence of strain LZ-4 (6,219,082 bp) revealed all the genes in the naphthalene catabolic pathway and some known Cr (VI) reductases. Interestingly, genes encoding naphthalene pathway components were upregulated in the presence of Cr (VI), and Cr (VI) reduction was elevated in the presence of naphthalene. We cloned and expressed these naphthalene catabolic genes and tested for Cr (VI) reduction, and found that NahG reduced 79% of 100 µM Cr (VI) in 5 minutes. Additionally, an nahG deletion mutant lost 52% of its Cr (VI) reduction ability compared to that of the wild-type strain. As nahG encodes a salicylate hydroxylase with flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofactor for electron transfer, Cr (VI) could obtain electrons from NADH through NahG-associated FAD. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a protein involved in a PAH-degradation pathway that can reduce heavy metals, which provides new insights into heavy metal-PAH contamination remediation.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 221: 121-129, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27639231

RESUMO

Inorganic nitrogen and heavy metals pervasively co-exist in industrial and domestic wastewaters. In this work, Pseudomonas brassicacearum LZ-4 was tested for the simultaneous reduction of Cr(VI) and nitrate. Nitrate was found to be the best inorganic nitrogen source for strain LZ-4, and could promote Cr(VI) reduction. Cr(VI) had a low degree of inhibition on denitrification, and even 50mgL-1 Cr(VI) did not inhibit reduction of 100mgL-1 NO3--N. The capability of simultaneous reduction of Cr(VI) and nitrate was illustrated by the reductase genes contained in the LZ-4 genome. Application in a batch membrane bioreactor showed that the immobilized strain LZ-4 could remove over 95% of 500mgL-1 NO3--N, 80% of 10mgL-1 Cr(VI), and 96% of 5000mgL-1 COD in each batch of 46days. In summary, the strain LZ-4 is an ideal candidate for remediation of co-contaminants.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Cromo/química , Pseudomonas , Águas Residuárias/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Desnitrificação , Metais Pesados , Nitratos/química , Nitrogênio/química , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(34): 22705-13, 2016 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27509255

RESUMO

Two kinds of large-area ordered and highly tunable micro/submicro-nanopatterned surfaces in a complementary manner were successfully fabricated by elaborately combining block copolymer self-assembly and colloidal lithography. Employing a monolayer of polystyrene (PS) colloidal spheres assembled on top as etching mask, polystyrene-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) or polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) micelle films were patterned into micro/submicro patches by plasma etching, which could be further transferred into micropatterned metal nanoarrays by subsequent metal precursor loading and a second plasma etching. On the other hand, micro/submicro-nanopatterns in a complementary manner were generated via preloading a metal precursor in initial micelle films before the assembly of PS colloidal spheres on top. Both kinds of micro/submicro-nanopatterns showed good fidelity at the micro/submicroscale and nanoscale; meanwhile, they could be flexibly tuned by the sample and processing parameters. Significantly, when the PS colloidal sphere size was reduced to 250 nm, a high-resolution submicro-nanostructured surface with 3-5 metal nanoparticles in each patch or a single-nanoparticle interconnected honeycomb network was achieved. Moreover, by applying gold (Au) nanoparticles as anchoring points, micronanopatterned Au arrays can serve as a flexible template to pattern bovine serum albumin (BSA) molecules. This facile and cost-effective approach may provide a novel platform for fabrication of micropatterned nanoarrays with high tunability and controllability, which are promising in the applications of biological and microelectronic fields.

10.
Oncol Lett ; 12(2): 1034-1040, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27446390

RESUMO

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) are involved in numerous mechanisms of cancer biology, including cell proliferation and survival; however the interaction of the two factors under hypoxic conditions remains unclear. The present study investigated the in vitro mechanism that results in the suppression of tumor cell growth and cellular functions when HIF-1α is silenced. In the present study, the human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cell line was transfected with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against HIF-1α and cultured under hypoxic conditions (1% O2 for 24 h). The expression of HIF-1α and various growth factors, including epidermal growth factor (EGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), were examined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. Tumor growth was measured using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and tumor activity was measured using tumor cell invasion and migration assays. Lipopolysaccharide and TAK-242 were used to activate and inhibit TLR4, respectively, to observe the role of TLR4 in the HIF-1α silenced tumor cells. The expression of TLR4 signaling pathway associates, including myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88), apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases and HIF-1α, were analyzed by western blot assay. Under hypoxic conditions, silencing of HIF-1α expression suppressed tumor cell growth and regulated the expression of tumor growth-associated genes, including EGF, HGF, VEGF and FG2. Suppression of tumor cell invasion and migration was also observed in the HIF-1α silenced HepG2 cell line. In addition, TLR4 was identified to be involved in HIF-1α and MyD88 accumulation, and activation of ASK1 and p38 were demonstrated to be critical for TLR4-mediated HIF-1α pathway. In conclusion, silencing of HIF-1α expression may induce anti-tumor effects under hypoxic conditions in HepG2 cells via the TLR4 mediated pathway, suggesting that the HIF-1α/TLR4 signaling cohort may act as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of hepatocellular cancer.

11.
Bioresour Technol ; 207: 370-8, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26901089

RESUMO

Combined pollutants with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals have been identified as toxic and unmanageable contaminates. In this work, Pseudomonas gessardii strain LZ-E isolated from wastewater discharge site of a petrochemical company degrades naphthalene and reduces Cr(VI) simultaneously. 95% of 10mgL(-1) Cr(VI) was reduced to Cr(III) while 77% of 800mgL(-1) naphthalene was degraded when strain LZ-E was incubated in BH medium for 48h. Furthermore, naphthalene promotes Cr(VI) reduction in strain LZ-E as catechol and phthalic acid produced in naphthalene degradation are able to reduce Cr(VI) abiotically. An aerated bioreactor system was setup to test strain LZ-E's remediation ability. Strain LZ-E continuously remediated naphthalene and Cr(VI) at rates of 15mgL(-1)h(-1) and 0.20mgL(-1)h(-1) of 800mgL(-1) naphthalene and 10mgL(-1) Cr(VI) addition with eight batches in 16days. In summary, strain LZ-E is a potential applicant for combined pollution remediation.


Assuntos
Cromo/metabolismo , Naftalenos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Naftalenos/análise , Filogenia , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/genética , Pseudomonas/isolamento & purificação , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia
12.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 37(2): 161-7, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26513110

RESUMO

The sequential layer by layer self-assembly of block copolymer (BCP) nanopatterns is an effective approach to construct 3D nanostructures. Here large-scale highly ordered metal nano-arrays prepared from solvent annealed thin films of polystyrene-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) diblock copolymer are used to direct the assembly of the same BCP. The influence of initial loading concentration of metal precursor, the type of metal nanoparticle (gold, platinum, and silver), and the nanoparticle-substrate interaction on the directed assembly behavior of the upper BCP layer have been focused. It is found that the upper BCP film can be completely directed by the gold nanoarray with P2VP domain exclusively located between two adjacent gold nanowires or nanodots, which behaves the same way as on the platinum nanoarray. While the silver nanoarray can be destroyed during the upper BCP self-assembly with the silver nanoparticles assembled into the P2VP domain. Based on the discussions of the surface energy of nanoparticles and the interplay between nanoparticle-substrate interaction and nanoparticle-polymer interaction, it is concluded that the effect of immobilization of nanoparticles on the substrate, together with entropy effect to minimize the energetically unfavorable chain stretching contributes to the most effective alignment between each layer.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanofios/química , Poliestirenos/química , Polivinil/química , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Micelas , Nanofios/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Platina/química , Prata/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Termodinâmica
13.
Ecotoxicology ; 25(1): 234-47, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26589947

RESUMO

Strain LZ-C, isolated from a petrochemical wastewater discharge site, was found to be resistant to heavy metals and to degrade various aromatic compounds, including naphenol, naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene and toluene. Data obtained from 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that this strain was closely related to Delftia lacustris. The 5,889,360 bp genome of strain LZ-C was assembled into 239 contigs and 197 scaffolds containing 5855 predicted open reading frames (ORFs). Among these predicted ORFs, 464 were different from the type strain of Delftia. The minimal inhibitory concentrations were 4 mM, 30 µM, 2 mM and 1 mM for Cr(VI), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively. Both genome sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR data revealed that genes related to Chr, Czc and Mer family genes play important roles in heavy metal resistance in strain LZ-C. In addition, the Na(+)/H(+) antiporter NhaA is important for adaptation to high salinity resistance (2.5 M NaCl). The complete pathways of benzene and benzoate degradation were identified through KEGG analysis. Interestingly, strain LZ-C also degrades naphthalene but lacks the key naphthalene degradation gene NahA. Thus, we propose that strain LZ-C exhibits a novel protein with a function similar to NahA. This study is the first to reveal the mechanisms of heavy metal resistance and salinity tolerance in D. lacustris and to identify a potential 2-methylnaphthalene degradation protein in this strain. Through whole-genome sequencing analysis, strain LZ-C might be a good candidate for the bioremediation of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.


Assuntos
Delftia/genética , Delftia/metabolismo , Genoma Bacteriano , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , China , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 36(7): 879-881, 2016 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30634219

RESUMO

In this paper 200 girls with precocious puberty or advanced puberty were clinically sur- veyed, and the literatures of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating precocious puberty in previ- ous 33 years were retrospectively analyzed. By conjecturing syndromes from symptoms and identifying syndrome types from efficacies of TCM drugs, authors proved that Gan yin deficiency syndrome occupies the same important position as Shen yin deficiency syndrome, or even more important position in syn- drome based treatment of precocious puberty children patients with yin deficiency caused fire hyperactivity syndrome. Therefore, Gan yin deficiency syndrome cannot be neglected in treating precocious puberty pa- tients. Authors further suggested that yin deficiency caused fire hyperactivity syndrome in precocious pu- berty should be exactly described as Gan-Shen yin deficiency caused fire hyperactivity syndrome.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Puberdade Precoce , Deficiência da Energia Yin , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome , Deficiência da Energia Yang
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(46): 25938-45, 2015 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26517409

RESUMO

Building complex nanostructures using a simple patterned template is challenging in material science and nanotechnology. In the present work, three different strategies have been exploited for the successful fabrication of hybrid dots-on-wire metallic nanostructures through combining an in-situ method with an ex-situ method. Basically, plasma etching was applied to generate a metallic wire-like nanostructure, and preformed nanoparticles could be placed through multiple means before or after the formation of the wire-like nanostructure. Various monometallic and bimetallic nanostructures have been obtained by utilizing only one functional domain of block copolymer templates. In these cases, full utilization of the functional domain or introduction of the molecular linker is critical to engineering hybrid metallic nanostructures. Other complex and multifunctional hybrid nanostructures can be developed via these strategies similarly, and these nanostructures are promising for useful applications such as optics and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS).

16.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 8(2): 1631-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25973048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to study the expression changes of S100 family proteins in neonatal rats with sepsis and investigate the effect and significance of S100 family proteins in pathogenesis and development of sepsis. METHODS: The functions of S100 family proteins were analyzed with bioinformatics. The immune-associated proteins were chosen as the candidate proteins. Twenty neonatal SPF SD rats were randomly divided into two groups: sepsis model group and control group. The liver sample was stained with HE to evaluate the establishment of sepsis model. The expression amount of proinflammatory factor IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α was detected with ELISA. The expression changes of S100A8, S100A9, S100A11 and S100A12 in sepsis model rats were detected with real-time PCR and Western blotting. After shRNA plasmid was transfected into THP-1 cells and the expression of S100A12 was silenced, the expression changes of proinflammatory factor IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in LPS-induced inflammation were studied in order to investigate the S100A12 mediated inflammatory process. RESULTS: IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum of rats with sepsis induced by LPS were 55.79 ± 3.80 ng/l, 48.76 ± 1.03 ng/l and 29.98 ± 2.27 ng/l respectively. S100A8, S100A9, S100A11 and S100A12 detected with real-time PCR in sepsis model group were 14.4 ± 1.37, 10.23 ± 1.81, 5.5 ± 1.64 and 9.97 ± 1.82 respectively. Compared with the control group, S100A8, S100A9, and S100A12 were significantly up-regulated. The shRNA silenced the expression of S100A12 which reduced the expression of proinflammatory factors after LPS stimulated the cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with the control group, S100A8, S100A9, and S100A12 were significantly up-regulated in rat sepsis model group. After the expression of S100A12 in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (PMA) induced human macrophages was silenced, the expression of proinflammatory factor IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α was down-regulated.


Assuntos
Proteínas S100/biossíntese , Sepse/metabolismo , Sepse/patologia , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transfecção
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 36(1): 1-10, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25898640

RESUMO

With the fast development of urbanization, industrialization and mobilization, the air pollutant emissions with photochemical reactivity become more obvious, causing a severe photochemical pollution with the characteristics of high ozone concentration. However, the ozone source identification is very complicated due to the high non linearity between ozone and its precursors. Thus, ways to reduce ozone is still not clear. A high ozone pollution episode occurred during July, 2013, which lasted for a long period, with large influence area and high intensity. In this paper, we selected this episode to do a case study with the application of ozone source apportionment technology(OSAT) coupled within the CAMx air quality model. In this study, 4 source regions(including Shanghai, north Zhejiang, South Jiangsu and long range transport), 7 source categories (including power plants, industrial process, industrial boilers and kilns, residential, mobile source, volatile source and biogenic emissions) are analyzed to study their contributions to surface O3 in Shanghai, Suzhou and Zhejiang. Results indicate that long range transport contribution to the surface ozone in the YRD is around 20 x 10(-9) - 40 x 10(-9) (volume fraction). The O3 concentrations can increased to 40 x 10(-9) - 100 x 10(-9) (volume fraction) due to precursors emissions in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang. As for the regional contribution to 8 hour ozone, long range transport constitutes 42.79% +/- 10.17%, 48.57% +/- 9.97% and 60.13% +/- 7.11% of the surface ozone in Shanghai, Suzhou and Hangzhou, respectively. Regarding the high O3 in Shanghai, local contribution is 28.94% +/- 8.49%, north Zhejiang constitutes 19.83% +/- 10.55%. As for surface O3 in Suzhou, the contribution from south Jiangsu is 26.41% +/- 6.80%. Regarding the surface O3 in Hangzhou, the major regional contributor is north Zhejiang (29.56% +/- 8.33%). Contributions from the long range transport to the daily maximum O3 concentrations are slightly lower than those to the 8-hourly O3, with the contribution of 35.35%-58.04%, while local contributions increase. As for the contributions from source sectors, it is found that the major source contributors include industrial boilers and kilns (18.4%-21.11%), industrial process (19.85%-28.46%), mobile source (21.30%-23.51%), biogenic (13.01%-17.07%) and power plants (7.08%-9.75%). Thus, industrial combustion, industrial processes, and mobile source are major anthropogenic sources of high ozone pollution in summer in the YRD region.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Ozônio/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Indústrias , Modelos Teóricos , Centrais Elétricas , Estações do Ano
18.
J Surg Res ; 195(2): 522-8, 2015 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25818981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oroxylin A, a natural flavonoid isolated from Scutellariae baicalensis, has been reported to possess a wide spectrum of pharmacologic activities. However, the effects of oroxylin A on liver injury are poor understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of oroxylin A on acute liver injury in mice induced by lipopolysaccharide and/or D-galactosamine (LPS and/or D-GalN). METHODS: Mice acute liver injury model was induced by LPS (50 µg/kg) and/or GalN (800 mg/kg). Serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels, hepatic tissue histology, malondialdehyde content, and myeloperoxidase activity were analyzed. Meanwhile, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and nuclear factor erythroid2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: The results showed that oroxylin A dose-dependently inhibited LPS and/or GalN-induced serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels. Hepatic malondialdehyde content and myeloperoxidase activity were also suppressed by oroxylin A. We also found that oroxylin A inhibited LPS and/or GalN-induced toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression and NF-κB activation. In addition, oroxylin A upregulated the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, oroxylin A protected against LPS and/or GalN-induced liver injury through activating Nrf2 and inhibiting TLR4 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Falência Hepática Aguda/prevenção & controle , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Galactosamina/toxicidade , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/fisiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 162: 97-103, 2015 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25556926

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: COX-2 has been considered as a potent molecular target for prevention and therapy of depression. However, a recent study showed that COX-2 inhibitor does not improve depressive symptoms in persons aged 70 and over. Therefore, whether treatments targeting COX-2 have a clinical efficacy in depression, especially elderly individuals, remains unclear. Cinnamic aldehyde is a major constituent of Cinnamomum cassia, which has exhibited excellent anti-inflammatory activities as a COX-2 inhibitor. To investigate the potential antidepressant effect of cinnamic aldehyde in mid-aged rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The depressive-like behaviors were measured after the rats exposed to chronic unexpected mild stress (CUMS). Cinnamic aldehyde was administrated by oral gavage to stressed rats (22.5, 45, 90 mg/kg, respectively) for 21 days. The mRNA, protein expression and activity of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), as well as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels were measured in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of stressed animals. RESULTS: We found that CUMS procedure not only decreased the sucrose preference, but also elevated the COX-2 activity, mRNA and protein levels, and increased PGE2 concentration in rat brain regions. Treatment with high doses of cinnamic aldehyde (45, 90 mg/kg) reversed the behavioral abnormalities, and decreased the COX-2 protein and activity (but not COX-2 mRNA expression) and PGE2 concentration in frontal cortex and hippocampus of stressed rats. CONCLUSION: Cinnamic aldehyde exerted antidepressant-like effects in stressed mid-aged rats, and its mechanism of action appears to decrease COX-2 protein and activity. The current findings suggest that targeting COX-2 system might be benefit to the depression, especially elderly individuals and cinnamic aldehyde might be a promising medicine to treat the subjects in the depression.


Assuntos
Acroleína/análogos & derivados , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Acroleína/farmacologia , Acroleína/uso terapêutico , Envelhecimento , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Crônica , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Depressão/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/genética , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Lobo Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Lobo Frontal/metabolismo , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Masculino , Fitoterapia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
20.
Biophys Rep ; 1: 156-167, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27340693

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Phenanthrene is one of the most recalcitrant components of crude oil-contaminated wastewater. An efficient phenanthrene-degrading bacterium Pseudomonas sp. strain named LZ-Q was isolated from oil-contaminated soil near the sewage outlet of a petrochemical company. Pseudomonas sp. LZ-Q is able to degrade 1000 mg/L phenanthrene in Bushnell-Hass mineral salt medium. It also degrades other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as naphthalene, anthracene, pyrene, petrol, and diesel at broad ranges of salinities of 5 g/L to 75 g/L, pHs of 5.0-10.0, and temperatures of 10-42 °C. Therefore, Pseudomonas sp. LZ-Q could be a good candidate for remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated wastewater. A membrane bioreactor (MBR) was applied to investigate the remediation ability of the strain LZ-Q. Wastewater containing phenanthrene with pH of 8, salinity of 35 g/L, and COD of 500 mg/L was continuously added to the system (HRT = 3 h). Results showed that Pseudomonas sp. LZ-Q is capable of degrading 96% of 20 mg/L phenanthrene and 94% of 500 mg/L COD for 60 days in a continuous mode. These results showed that the MBR system with strain LZ-Q might be a good approach for PAHs' remediation in industrial wastewaters.

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