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1.
BMC Palliat Care ; 20(1): 83, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies in the West have demonstrated that appropriate informational support is a vital component of cancer care, with positive effects on both patients and their informal caregivers. Since little is known about the information needs of advanced cancer patients and informal caregivers in China, where 'silence as virtue' is much more valued and the communication style is less open, this study was therefore conducted to elaborate the information needs of advanced cancer patients and informal caregivers as well as to explore their perceptions and experiences regarding their unmet information needs in the Chinese context. METHODS: This sub-study of a previous cross-sectional survey utilized a qualitative descriptive study design. The approach involved semi-structured interviews that followed an interview guide to collect data. Eligible participants were the advanced cancer patients and informal caregivers who had participated in the previous cross-sectional survey and reported unmet information needs. Each interview was audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Descriptive content analysis was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Seventeen advanced cancer patients and 15 informal caregivers with unmet information needs participated in the semi-structured interviews, with ages ranging from 32 to 63 years old for patients and from 32 to 70 for informal caregivers. Four categories were extracted from the interviews with the patients and caregivers: (1) types of unmet information needs; (2) reasons for information needs not being met; (3) preferences for the provision of information; and (4) meaning and role of information. Each category had two to four sub-categories for both the patients and the caregivers, which were similar but not completely the same. CONCLUSION: The findings indicated that the provision of appropriate information could promote informed decision-making and greater satisfaction with treatment options, reductions in psychological disturbances, and enhanced confidence and ability in self-management and capacity in caregiving. Moreover, information on Traditional Chinese Medicine and food therapy should be increased, particularly for patients at the follow-up stage, while the amount of information on prognosis should be flexible as it could increase patients' and caregivers' psychological burden. Healthcare professionals were the most preferred information provider, although their heavy workload resulted in time constraints. In this case, they should provide information to patients and caregivers together as a 'whole unit.' At the same time, the value of separate conversations should also be recognized as some caregivers preferred to conceal unpleasant information from the patient.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Neoplasias , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Neoplasias/terapia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
2.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(3): 1683-1698, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776164

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine palliative care needs of advanced cancer patients and their informal caregivers and correlates of their needs within Chinese context. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in two study sites in Mainland China. Patients and caregivers were recruited in dyads. Patients completed the following questionnaires: Problems and Needs in Palliative Care-short version, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS), Medical Outcomes Study-Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS), Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced Scale (Brief-COPE), and Quality-of-Life Questionnaire Core 15-Palliative Care Scale. Questionnaires for caregivers were as follows: Comprehensive Needs Assessment Tool in Cancer for Caregivers, HADS, ESAS, MOS-SSS, Brief-COPE, and Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer. All of the outcome variables were selected based on a conceptual framework of palliative care needs assessment. RESULTS: Four hundred nineteen patient-caregiver dyads completed this survey. Patients' unmet palliative care needs were mainly related to financial (85.2%), informational (82.3%), physical (pain) (69.7%), and psychological (64.9%) domains. Caregivers' commonly reported unmet needs mainly focused on the domains of healthcare staff (95.0%), information (92.1%), and hospital facilities and services (90.5%). Patients' greater severity of symptom distress, presence of anxiety and/or depression, use of coping strategies particularly the less use of problem-focused coping, and caregivers' poorer quality of life were identified as key negative predictors of the needs of both patients and caregivers (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both patients and caregivers had context-bounded palliative care needs. In addition to increasing the amount of external asistance, more emphasis should be placed on screening for physical and psychological distress, the use of coping strategies, and the well-being of caregivers to help identify those in need for more clinical attention and specific interventions.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Neoplasias/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(18): 17902-17920, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976115

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a type of refractory malignant lung cancer with a high rate of metastasis and mortality. Currently, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SBF2 Antisense RNA 1 (SBF2-AS1) is considered as a biomarker for a variety of tumors. However, the function of SBF2-AS1 in the growth and metastasis of NSCLC needs to be further studied. In this study, we revealed that SBF2-AS1 was overexpressed in NSCLC tissues compared with that in normal tissues. SBF2-AS1 silencing restrained the growth and aggressive phenotypes of NSCLC cell in vitro. Consistently, SBF2-AS1 knockdown hindered the growth of NSCLC cell in nude mice. The following luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay suggested the relationship between miR-338-3p and SBF2-AS1. The rescue experiments showed that miR-338-3p inhibitor abolished SBF2-AS1 silencing caused inhibition on the growth, migration and invasiveness of NSCLC cell. The luciferase reporter assay and immunoblotting assay validated that A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) was a target of miR-338-3p. In addition, SBF2-AS1 positively regulated the level of ADAM17 through sponging for miR-338-3p. Finally, we revealed that SBF2-AS1 contributed to the proliferation and metastatic phenotypes of NSCLC cell via regulating miR-338-3p/ADAM17 axis.

4.
J Cell Biochem ; 119(9): 7687-7695, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29904957

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) significantly influences the quality life of people around the world. It is urgent to find an effective way to understand the genetic etiology of OA. We used weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) to explore the key genes involved in the subchondral bone pathological process of OA. Fifty gene expression profiles of GSE51588 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The OA-associated genes and gene ontologies were acquired from JuniorDoc. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis was used to find disease-related networks based on 21756 gene expression correlation coefficients, hub-genes with the highest connectivity in each module were selected, and the correlation between module eigengene and clinical traits was calculated. The genes in the traits-related gene coexpression modules were subject to functional annotation and pathway enrichment analysis using ClusterProfiler. A total of 73 gene modules were identified, of which, 12 modules were found with high connectivity with clinical traits. Five modules were found with enriched OA-associated genes. Moreover, 310 OA-associated genes were found, and 34 of them were among hub-genes in each module. Consequently, enrichment results indicated some key metabolic pathways, such as extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction (hsa04512), focal adhesion (hsa04510), the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway (PI3K-AKT) (hsa04151), transforming growth factor beta pathway, and Wnt pathway. We intended to identify some core genes, collagen (COL)6A3, COL6A1, ITGA11, BAMBI, and HCK, which could influence downstream signaling pathways once they were activated. In this study, we identified important genes within key coexpression modules, which associate with a pathological process of subchondral bone in OA. Functional analysis results could provide important information to understand the mechanism of OA.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Osteoartrite/genética , Análise por Conglomerados , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos
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