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Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 578-589, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242792


Acetaminophen (APAP) is the leading cause of acute liver failure (ALF), which is characterized by GSH depletion, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the specific mechanism of APAP-induced ALF remains to be clarified. In this study, we demonstrated that indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) aggravated APAP-induced ALF associated with excess lipid peroxidation, which was reversed by lipid peroxidation inhibitor (ferrostatin-1). Meanwhile, IDO1 deficiency effectively decreased the accumulation of reactive nitrogen species. Additionally, IDO1 deficiency prevented against APAP-induced liver injury through suppressing the activation of macrophages, thereby reduced their iron uptake and export, eventually reduced iron accumulation in hepatocytes through transferrin and transferrin receptor axis. In summary, our study confirmed that APAP-induced IDO1 aggravated ALF by triggering excess oxidative and nitrative stress and iron accumulation in liver. These results offer new insights for the clinical treatment of ALF or iron-dysregulated liver diseases in the future.

Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Dioxigenases , Falência Hepática Aguda , Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Hepatócitos , Ferro/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Falência Hepática Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Falência Hepática Aguda/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo
Biomed Pharmacother ; 126: 110092, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203890


Actinidia chinensis Planch (ACP) was the kiwifruit plant Chinese kiwifruit Actinidia chinensis Planch Root, which had been approved to be an anti-tumor drug widespread in clinical. However, the specific mechanism of ACP in resistance to gastric cancer remained unclear. Therefore, our study was dedicated to investigate the anti-proliferation and anti-migration effects of ACP on gastric cancer cells and its molecular mechanisms. Firstly, we utilized HPLC-MS to analyze the composition of ACP decoction, the results showed that ACP contained two main anti-tumor components, Ursolic acid and Oleanolic acid. The proliferation and migration ability of HGC-27 were examined by CCK-8 and cell scratch tests respectively. In addition, we also investigated HGC-27 cells apoptosis, mesenchymal phenotype and ferroptosis after ACP rat drug-containing serum (ACPs) treatment. EGFP-expressing lentiviral vectors were utilized to construct HGC-27 cells which containing green fluorescence. Then we take advantages of containing green fluorescence cells to establish a zebrafish xenograft model in vivo. The CCK-8 and cell scratch experiments verified that ACPs significantly inhibited proliferation and migration of HGC-27 in vitro. ACPs increased cells apoptosis rate, while were rescued by apoptosis inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK. Furthermore, ACPs downregulated the expression levels of Vimentin protein and Snail protein markedly. Intriguingly, ACPs increased the accumulation of ROS via inhibited the glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) and xCT (SLC7A11) proteins, while were inhibited by Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) significantly. Furthermore, the zebrafish xenograft study further confirmed that administration of ACP suppressed the xenograft growth and metastasis of transplanted HGC-27 cells in vivo. In conclusion, ACP was a promising antineoplastic agent for the treatment of gastric cancer by regulating apoptosis, ferroptosis and mesenchymal phenotype.

Actinidia/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio