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1.
J Asthma Allergy ; 14: 1185-1195, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616158

RESUMO

Purpose: Public health measures during COVID-19 have led to an unprecedented change in social lifestyle which might have an impact on the allergen sensitization in population. We sought to explore the prevalence patterns of serum inhalant and food allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) sensitization and serum total immunoglobulin E (tIgE) level among patients with clinical symptoms of suspected allergic diseases before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in south China. Patients and Methods: A large epidemiology study was conducted on the prevalence patterns of sIgE sensitization and serum tIgE level among 13,715 patients with allergic symptoms in south China from 2017 to 2020. Chi-square test and Fisher exact test were used to test statistical significance of allergen sensitization difference among years. Logistic regression was performed to assess the magnitudes of the differences among years by adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Results: The number of hospital visits for patients with suspected allergy symptoms decreased during COVID-19. The positive rates of indoor inhalant allergens (house dust mites, German cockroach, dog dander) and tIgE increased significantly in 2020, while no significant differences were found in food allergens (egg white, milk, soya bean, shrimp) before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The odds of sIgE positives in indoor inhalant allergens and tIgE positive for 2017 and 2020 were all larger than 1.00. After grouping by age and gender, there were significant differences in the positive rates of indoor inhalant allergens and tIgE when comparing 2020 with 2017. Conclusion: The prevalence of sensitization increased significantly to indoor inhalant allergens but not to food allergens in south China during the COVID-19 pandemic.

2.
Metabolites ; 11(9)2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564431

RESUMO

Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is the only treatment that can change the course of allergic diseases. However, there has not been any research on metabolic reactions in relation to AIT with single or mixed allergens. In this study, patients with allergic rhinitis caused by Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) and Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) were treated with single-mite (Der p) and double-mite (Der p:Der f = 1:1) subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), respectively. To compare the efficacy and the dynamic changes of inflammation-related single- and double-species mite subcutaneous immunotherapy (SM-SCIT and DM-SCIT), we performed visual analogue scale (VAS) score, rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ) score and serum metabolomics in allergic rhinitis patients during SCIT. VAS and RQLQ score showed no significant difference in efficacy between the two treatments. A total of 57 metabolites were identified, among which downstream metabolites (5(S)-HETE (Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid), 8(S)-HETE, 11(S)-HETE, 15(S)-HETE and 11-hydro TXB2) in the ω-6-related arachidonic acid and linoleic acid pathway showed significant differences after approximately one year of treatment in SM-SCIT or DM-SCIT, and the changes of the above serum metabolic components were correlated with the magnitude of RQLQ improvement, respectively. Notably, 11(S)-HETE decreased more with SM-SCIT, and thus it could be used as a potential biomarker to distinguish the two treatment schemes. Both SM-SCIT and DM-SCIT have therapeutic effects on patients with allergic rhinitis, but there is no significant difference in efficacy between them. The reduction of inflammation-related metabolites proved the therapeutic effect, and potential biomarkers (arachidonic acid and its downstream metabolites) may distinguish the options of SCIT.

3.
Biosci Trends ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588398

RESUMO

Antipsychotic-induced metabolic dysfunction (AIMD) is an intractable clinical challenge worldwide. The situation is becoming more critical as second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs), to a great extent, have replaced the role of first-generation antipsychotics in managing major psychiatric disorders. Although the exact mechanisms for developing AIMD is intricate, emerging evidence has indicated the involvement of the microbiota-gut-brain axis in AIMD. SGAs treatment may change the diversity and compositions of intestinal flora (e.g., decreased abundance of Bacteroidetes and Akkermansia muciniphila, and increased Firmicutes). Short-chain fatty acids and other metabolites derived from gut microbiota, on the one hand, can regulate the activity of intestinal endocrine cells and their secretion of satiety hormones (e.g., glucagon-like peptide 1, peptide YY, cholecystokinin and ghrelin); on the other hand, can activate the vagus nerve or transport into the brain to exert a central modulation of foraging behaviors via binding to neuropeptide receptors. Interestingly, metformin, a classical antidiabetic agent, is capable of alleviating AIMD possibly by regulating the microbiota-gut-brain axis. That is, metformin can not only partially reverse the alterations of gut microbial communities due to SGAs treatment, but also play a positive role in rectifying the disturbances of peripheral and central satiety-related neuropeptides. Current evidence has indicated a promising role for metformin on ameliorating AMID, but further verifications in well-designed clinical trials are still warranted.

4.
Anal Methods ; 13(35): 3940-3946, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528934

RESUMO

Based on the current urgent need for an in vitro quantitative detection system for allergens in most hospitals in China, we introduced a novel allergen-specific immunoglobulin E detection system that employs a solid phase enzyme-linked immunoassay and evaluated its clinical performance. The system uses a special reaction component (innovative patents) to reduce the reaction time to 12 min, achieving point-of-care testing for allergy management, which is impressive compared to the 3-18 h testing time for all other systems. In addition, the AILEX system has excellent consistency with the ImmunoCAP reference method system; therefore, we recommend the introduction of the AILEX system for clinical auxiliary diagnosis in medical units.

5.
Cytokine ; 148: 155513, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507246

RESUMO

The clinical relevance of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) levels in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between KL-6 levels, laboratory parameters, and clinical outcomes. We enrolled 364 patients with confirmed COVID-19 who were hospitalized within 1 week of symptom onset. Their serum KL-6 level was measured on admission. Demographic data, symptoms, comorbidities, and laboratory parameters were recorded at the time of admission. Days to nucleic acid conversion and days of hospitalization were defined as clinical outcomes for evaluating the clinical relevance of serum KL-6 levels in COVID-19. Patients with elevated KL-6 levels were significantly older; had more reported instances of fever, cough, fatigue, and wheezing; and a longer hospital stays than those with normal KL-6 levels; the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Furthermore, KL-6 levels was associated with the days of hospitalization and various laboratory parameters that influence the severity and prognosis of COVID-19. Elevated KL-6 levels have also been shown to be an independent risk factor for prolonged hospitalization. Our data suggest that serum KL-6 levels on admission can serve as an indicator for assessing the clinical outcomes of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/sangue , Mucina-1/sangue , Idoso , COVID-19/virologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Curva ROC , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536214

RESUMO

In December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic quickly spread throughout China and beyond, posing enormous global challenges. With prompt, vigorous, and coordinated control measures, mainland China contained the spread of the epidemic within two months and halted the epidemic in three months. Aggressive containment strategy, hierarchical management, rational reallocation of resources, efficient contact tracing, and voluntary cooperation of Chinese citizens contributed to the rapid and efficient control of the epidemic, thus promoting the rapid recovery of the Chinese economy. This review summarizes China's prevention and control strategies and other public health measures, which may provide a reference for the epidemic control in other countries.

7.
Opt Lett ; 46(18): 4462-4465, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525022

RESUMO

We theoretically demonstrate a novel, to the best of our knowledge, mechanism for dark pulse excitation in normal dispersion microresonators exploiting free carrier dispersion and free carrier absorption effects due to multi-photon absorption. Dark pulses can be generated in the three- and four-photon absorption regimes in the presence or absence of external reverse bias to control the lifetime of free carriers, respectively. Direct generation of dark pulses is proven to be feasible in both regimes with a frequency fixed laser. The dynamics of their temporal and spectral evolution have also been investigated. Our findings establish a reliable path for dark pulse and Kerr microcomb generation in related platforms with simplified controlling and tuning techniques.

8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5655061, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337032

RESUMO

Background: Anaesthesia can alter neuronal excitability and vascular reactivity and ultimately lead to neurovascular coupling. Precise control of the skeletal muscle relaxant doses is the key in reducing anaesthetic damage. Methods: A total of 102 patients with the normal functioning preoperative facial nerve who required parotid tumour resection were included in this study. Facial nerve monitoring was conducted intraoperatively. The surgeon stimulated the facial nerve at different myorelaxation intervals at TOF% (T4/T1) and T1% (T1/T0) and recorded the responses and the amplitude of electromyogram (EMG). Body movements (BM) or patient-ventilator asynchrony (PVA) was recorded intraoperatively. Results: In parotid tumour resection, T1% should be maintained at a range of 30 to 60% while TOF% should be maintained at a range of 20 to 30%. Analysis of the decision tree model for facial nerve monitoring suggests a partial muscle relaxation level of 30% < T1% ≤ 50% and TOF ≤ 60%. A nomogram prediction model, while incorporating factors such as sex, age, BMI, TOF%, and T1%, was constructed to predict the risk of BM/PVA during surgery, showing good predictive performance. Conclusions: This study revealed an adequate level of neuromuscular blockade in intraoperative parotid tumour resection while conducting facial nerve monitoring. A visual nomogram prediction model was constructed to guide anaesthetists in improving the anaesthetic plan.


Assuntos
Atracúrio/análogos & derivados , Nervo Facial/patologia , Monitorização Intraoperatória , Bloqueio Neuromuscular , Neoplasias Parotídeas/cirurgia , Adulto , Anestesia , Atracúrio/farmacologia , Árvores de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relaxamento Muscular , Nomogramas , Curva ROC
9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 205: 114338, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461490

RESUMO

As a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Millettia speciosa Champ (MSC), exerts a wide range of pharmacological activities. Our research group previously found that MSC has antidepressant effects, but the specific antidepressant mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, in this study, urine metabolomics based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) combined with pharmacodynamics was used to explore the pathogenesis of depression and the antidepressant effects of MSC. The results showed that MSC treatment could significantly improve chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depression. Urine metabolic showed that the profiles of the CUMS model group were significantly separated from the control group, while the drug-treated groups were closer to the control group, especially the MSC group treated with a 14 g/kg dose of MSC. Furthermore, 9 metabolites, including glutaric acid, L-isoleucine, L-Dopa, sebacic acid, 3-methylhistidine, allantoin, caprylic acid, tryptophol, and 2-phenylethanol glucuronide, were identified as potential biomarkers of depression. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that these potential biomarkers were mainly involved in valine, leucine, and isoleucine biosynthesis, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation, tyrosine metabolism, histidine metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, and pentose and glucuronate interconversions. Through Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and Pearson correlation analysis, the combination of L-isoleucine, sebacic acid, and allantoin, were further screened out as potential pharmacodynamic biomarkers associated with the efficacy of MSC. This study suggests that the integration of metabolomics with pharmacodynamics helps to further understand the pathogenesis of depression and provides novel insight into the efficacy of TCM.


Assuntos
Líquidos Corporais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Millettia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Isoleucina , Metabolômica , Ratos
10.
EClinicalMedicine ; 37: 100949, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386741

RESUMO

Background: Because of the limited epidemiological evidence on the association between acute air pollutants and allergy, there is a need to investigate this association, especially between the short-term exposure to air pollution and the serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergy. Methods: A total of 39,569 IgE test results and demographic characteristics were obtained in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University between August 2012 and September 2019. Ninety-nine specific allergens were tested according to clinical diagnosis. The logistic regression was used to assess the effects of CO, NO2 and PM2.5 exposure on the risk of sensitization to specific inhalant/food allergens. Generalized additive models with multivariate adjustments were utilized to model the exposure-response relationship. Stratified analyses were performed to estimate the reliability of correlations in various subgroups. Findings: Single-pollutant models indicate that the 3-day moving average (lag2-4) of CO, PM2.5 or NO2 is associated with the increased risk for allergic diseases related to specific inhaled allergens. In multi-pollutant models, the adjusted Odds Ratio (OR) 95% (Confidence Interval, CI) increases by 8% (95% CI, 2%-15%) for per increment of 0.2 mg/m3 in CO levels, and rises by 8% (95% CI, 2%-13%) for each increase of 16.3 µg/m3 in PM2.5 concentration. The associations are stronger in youngsters (<18, years) but not significantly different by gender. Particularly, a significantly stronger association between PM2.5 exposure and hospital visits for inhaled allergy is observed in patients who are exposed to lower concentration of SO2 (<10.333 µg/m3) and higher levels of NO2 (≥42.0 µg/m3), as well as patients enrolled after 2017. Interpretation: The short-term exposure to CO/PM2.5 increases the number of hospital visits for IgE-mediated allergy, especially for the sensitization to specific inhalant allergens. Therefore, to prevent inhaled allergies, the public policy for controlling air pollution needs to be considered seriously. Funding: This study was supported by the University of Macau (grant numbers: FHS-CRDA-029-002-2017 and MYRG2018-00,071-FHS) as well as the Science and Technology Development Fund, Macau SAR (File no. 0004/2019/AFJ and 0011/2019/AKP). This work was also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81,871,736), the National Key Technology R&D Program (2018YFC1311902), the Guangdong Science and Technology Foundation (2019B030316028), the Guangzhou Municipal Health Foundation (20191A011073), and the Guangzhou Science and Technology Foundation (201,804,020,043).

11.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 677039, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381386

RESUMO

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe affective disorder, mainly characterized by alternative depressive and manic or hypomanic episodes, yet the pathogenesis of BD has not been fully elucidated. Recent researches have implicated the altered kynurenine (KYN) metabolism involved in the neurobiology of BD. Excessive activation of the immune system also occurs in patients with BD, which further accelerates the KYN pathway for tryptophan metabolism. Changes of the KYN metabolites have effects on neuronal receptors and are involved in neuroendocrine transmissions. Interactions between KYN metabolism and the immune system may contribute to the neuropathogenesis of BD. Various studies have shown that alterations of the KYN metabolites were associated with mood, psychotic symptoms, and cognitive functions in patients with BD. In this review, we briefly introduce the KYN pathway and describe the immune dysregulation in BD as well as their interactions. We then focus on the research advances on the KYN metabolism in BD, which hold promise for identifying novel treatment targets in patients stricken with this disorder.

12.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 697832, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350183

RESUMO

Cannabidiol (CBD), a phytochemical derived from Cannabis sativa L., has been demonstrated to exhibit promising anti-tumor properties in multiple cancer types. However, the effects of CBD on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells remain unknown. We have shown that CBD effectively suppresses HCC cell growth in vivo and in vitro, and induced HCC cell pyroptosis in a caspase-3/GSDME-dependent manner. We further demonstrated that accumulation of integrative stress response (ISR) and mitochondrial stress may contribute to the initiation of pyroptotic signaling by CBD. Simultaneously, CBD can repress aerobic glycolysis through modulation of the ATF4-IGFBP1-Akt axis, due to the depletion of ATP and crucial intermediate metabolites. Collectively, these observations indicate that CBD could be considered as a potential compound for HCC therapy.

13.
J Asthma Allergy ; 14: 993-997, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408444

RESUMO

This study investigated the molecule sensitized pattern of atopic dermatitis patients who co-sensitized to shrimp, cockroaches, crab and house dust mites allergens and promoted the development of clinical accurate diagnosis and treatment.

14.
Food Chem ; 362: 130218, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087713

RESUMO

In this research, three various Mw of chitosan (CS)-gallic acid (GA) conjugates were synthesized, characterized, and used for improvement of physicochemical stability of ß-carotene (BC) nanoemulsion (NE) by layer-by-layer technique. GA conjugation degrees were in the following order: HCS (125.6 mg/g) > MCS (102.3 mg/g) > LCS (74.6 mg/g) at GA:CS mass ratio of 0.5:1. Three varying Mw of CS-GA conjugates exhibited pronouncedly higher antioxidant abilities than native CS. For native CS, antioxidant abilities increased with the decrease of Mw. However, HCS-GA conjugate showed the highest antioxidant activity, due to the higher GA conjugation degrees and decreased intramolecular hydrogen bonds and crystallinity in HCS-GA conjugate. CS-GA conjugates substantially improved BC chemical stability in NE than CS and BC retentions were in the following order: HCS-GA (76.8%) > MCS-GA (68.3%) > LCS-GA (53.4%) after 30 days storage. The results obtained may provide some useful information for the applications of CS-GA conjugates for nutraceuticals stabilization in food systems.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Emulsões/química , Ácido Gálico/química , beta Caroteno/química , Antioxidantes/química , Suplementos Nutricionais , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Peso Molecular , Nanoestruturas/química , Eletricidade Estática
15.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129495

RESUMO

Organ segmentation from medical images is one of the most important pre-processing steps in computer-aided diagnosis, but it is a challenging task because of limited annotated data, low-contrast and non-homogenous textures. Compared with natural images, organs in the medical images have obvious anatomical prior knowledge (e.g., organ shape and position), which can be used to improve the segmentation accuracy. In this paper, we propose a novel segmentation framework which integrates the medical image anatomical prior through loss into the deep learning models. The proposed prior loss function is based on probabilistic atlas, which is called as deep atlas prior (DAP). It includes prior location and shape information of organs, which are important prior information for accurate organ segmentation. Further, we combine the proposed deep atlas prior loss with the conventional likelihood losses such as Dice loss and focal loss into an adaptive Bayesian loss in a Bayesian framework, which consists of a prior and a likelihood. The adaptive Bayesian loss dynamically adjusts the ratio of the DAP loss and the likelihood loss in the training epoch for better learning. The proposed loss function is universal and can be combined with a wide variety of existing deep segmentation models to further enhance their performance. We verify the significance of our proposed framework with some state-of-the-art models, including fully-supervised and semi-supervised segmentation models on a public dataset (ISBI LiTS 2017 Challenge) for liver segmentation and a private dataset for spleen segmentation.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) is an effective, safe, preventative treatment for allergic asthma; however, potential biomarkers for monitoring SCIT have rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: Metabolomics was utilized for the discovery of new biomarkers and analyzing disease pathophysiology of allergic asthma, and it was also applied to determine the metabolomic profiles of serum samples from children with asthma undergoing SCIT and identify potential biomarkers for allergic asthma and its therapeutic monitoring. METHODS: Untargeted metabolomics using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry was performed on 15 asthmatic and 15 healthy pediatric sera to profile carboxylic acids. Statistical analysis combined with pathway enrichment analysis was applied to identify potential biomarkers. Then, targeted metabolomics was performed to study longitudinal changes of eicosanoid profiles on sera from 20 participants with asthma who received SCIT at baseline, 6 months, one, two, and three years (ChiCTR-DDT-13003728). RESULTS: Metabolomic analysis revealed that levels of eicosanoids, particularly 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE; AUC = 0.94, p < .0001) and 15(S)-HETE (AUC = 0.89, p = .0028), metabolized from arachidonic acid by lipoxygenase and glutathione peroxidase enzymes, were significantly higher in asthma group than in healthy individuals. Furthermore, levels of these important metabolites increased in the first year of SCIT treatment and then decreased from years one to three, being significantly lower after three years of treatment than baseline levels. CONCLUSION: 12(S)- and 15(S)-HETEs are potential biomarkers to participate in the pathogenesis and treatment of allergic asthma. Moreover, these metabolites may be a new target for biological indicators to monitor the therapeutic effect of SCIT, particularly in the setting of allergic asthma.

17.
Opt Express ; 29(12): 18095-18107, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154076

RESUMO

We investigate the dark breathers and Raman-Kerr microcombs generation influenced by stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and high-order dispersion (HOD) effects in silicon microresonators with an integrated spatiotemporal formalism. The strong and narrow Raman gain constitute a threshold behavior with respect to free spectral range above which stable dark pulses can exist. The breathing dark pulses induced by HOD mainly depend on the amplitude and sign of third-order dispersion coefficient and their properties are also affected by the Raman assisted four wave mixing process. Such dissipative structures formed through perturbed switching waves, mainly exist in a larger red detuning region than that of stable dark pulses. Their breathing characteristics related to driving conditions have been analyzed in detail. Furthermore, the octave spanning mid-infrared (MIR) frequency combs via Cherenkov radiation are demonstrated, which circumvent chaotic and multi-soliton states compared with their anomalous dispersion-based counterpart. Our findings provide a viable way to investigate the physics inside dark pulses and broadband MIR microcombs generation.

18.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(14): 6463-6469, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34014031

RESUMO

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common psychiatric illness with high prevalence and disease burden. Accumulating susceptibility genes for BD have been identified in recent years. However, the exact functions of these genes remain largely unknown. Despite its high heritability, gene and environment interaction is commonly accepted as the major contributing factor to BD pathogenesis. Intestine microbiota is increasingly recognized as a critical environmental factor for human health and diseases via the microbiota-gut-brain axis. BD individuals showed altered diversity and compositions in the commensal microbiota. In addition to pro-inflammatory factors, such as interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-α, type 1 interferon signalling pathway is also modulated by specific intestinal bacterial strains. Disruption of the microbiota-gut-brain axis contributes to peripheral and central nervous system inflammation, which accounts for the BD aetiology. Administration of type 1 interferon can induce the expression of TRANK1, which is associated with elevated circulating biomarkers of the impaired blood-brain barrier in BD patients. In this review, we focus on the influence of intestine microbiota on the expression of bipolar gene TRANK1 and propose that intestine microbiota-dependent type 1 interferon signalling is sufficient to induce the over-expression of TRANK1, consequently causing the compromise of BBB integrity and facilitating the entrance of inflammatory mediators into the brain. Activated neuroinflammation eventually contributes to the occurrence and development of BD. This review provides a new perspective on how gut microbiota participate in the pathogenesis of BD. Future studies are needed to validate these assumptions and develop new treatment targets for BD.

19.
J Asthma Allergy ; 14: 439-447, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953573

RESUMO

Objective: The presence of cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCDs) may cause false-positive results in vitro allergen sIgE tests. In this paper, we focused on pollen sensitisation and its relationship with CCD in patients with respiratory allergic diseases in South China. A CCD inhibition test was conducted to assess whether patients were truly allergic to pollen or whether their sIgE was caused by a CCD cross-reaction, thus providing an important basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods: Patients with known serologic pollen sensitization were selected, and sIgE of mugwort, tree mix 20 (willow/poplar/elm tree), common ragweed, Humulus scandens, peanut, soybean and CCD was detected via the EUROBlotMaster system. Thirteen CCD-sIgE negative patients and 33 CCD-positive patients were selected, and their serum samples were subjected to the CCD inhibition test. Results: We found that 66.0% to 95.9% of patients sensitised to pollen and seed food allergens were co-sensitized to CCD. Additionally, 73.0% to 100% of the sIgE tests for pollen and seed food allergens turned negative after inhibition, mostly for allergens from Humulus scandens (100%, 15/15), followed by mugwort and peanut (85.2%, 23/27), ragweed (81.5%, 22/27), soybean (80.0%, 20/25), and tree pollen (73.0%, 19/26). Conclusion: CCD causes false positives in the in vitro allergen sIgE tests of patients with respiratory allergic diseases in South China. Attention should be paid to the use of CCD inhibitors in diagnosing in vitro allergies because of their importance in diagnosing and treating local allergic diseases.

20.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 626165, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33996681

RESUMO

Objective: The performances of the pediatric risk of mortality score III (PRISM III), pediatric logistic organ dysfunction score-2 (PELOD-2), and pediatric multiple organ dysfunction score (P-MODS) in Chinese patients are unclear. This study aimed to assess the performances of these scores in predicting mortality in critically ill pediatric patients. Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted at two tertiary-care PICUs of teaching hospitals in China. A total of 1,253 critically ill pediatric patients admitted to the two Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) of the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University from August 2014 to December 2019 and Shen-Zhen Children's Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were analyzed. The indexes of discrimination and calibration were applied to evaluate score performance for the three models (PRISM III, PELOD-2, and P-MODS scores). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and the efficiency of PRISM III, PELOD-2, and P-MODS in predicting death were evaluated by the area under ROC curve (AUC). Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test was used to evaluate the degree of fitting between the mortality predictions of each scoring system and the actual mortality. Results: A total of 1,253 pediatric patients were eventually enrolled in this study (median age, 38 months; overall mortality rate, 8.9%; median length of PICU stay, 8 days). Compared to the survival group, the non-survival group showed significantly higher PRISM III, PELOD-2, and P-MODS scores [PRISM III: 18 (12, 23) vs. 11 (0, 16); PELOD-2, 8 (4, 10) vs. 4 (0, 6); and P-MODS: 5 (4, 9) vs. 3 (0, 4), all P < 0.001]. ROC curve analysis showed that the AUCs of PRISM III, PELOD-2, and P-MODS for predicting the death of critically ill children were 0.858, 0.721, and 0.596, respectively. Furthermore, in the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, PRISM III and PELOD-2 showed the better calibration between predicted mortality and observed mortality (PRISM III: χ2 = 5.667, P = 0.368; PELOD-2: χ2 = 9.582, P = 0.276; P-MODS: χ2 = 12.449, P = 0.015). Conclusions: PRISM III and PELOD-2 can discriminate well between survivors and non-survivors. PRISM III and PELOD-2 showed the better calibration between predicted and observed mortality, while P-MODS showed poor calibration.

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