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2.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 28(Pt 6): 1954-1965, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738951

RESUMO

The optical design and performance of the recently opened 13A biological small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) beamline at the 3.0 GeV Taiwan Photon Source of the National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center are reported. The beamline is designed for studies of biological structures and kinetics in a wide range of length and time scales, from angstrom to micrometre and from microsecond to minutes. A 4 m IU24 undulator of the beamline provides high-flux X-rays in the energy range 4.0-23.0 keV. MoB4C double-multilayer and Si(111) double-crystal monochromators (DMM/DCM) are combined on the same rotating platform for a smooth rotation transition from a high-flux beam of ∼4 × 1014 photons s-1 to a high-energy-resolution beam of ΔE/E ≃ 1.5 × 10-4; both modes share a constant beam exit. With a set of Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) mirrors, the X-ray beam is focused to the farthest SAXS detector position, 52 m from the source. A downstream four-bounce crystal collimator, comprising two sets of Si(311) double crystals arranged in a dispersive configuration, optionally collimate the DCM (vertically diffracted) beam in the horizontal direction for ultra-SAXS with a minimum scattering vector q down to 0.0004 Å-1, which allows resolving ordered d-spacing up to 1 µm. A microbeam, of 10-50 µm beam size, is tailored by a combined set of high-heat-load slits followed by micrometre-precision slits situated at the front-end 15.5 m position. The second set of KB mirrors then focus the beam to the 40 m sample position, with a demagnification ratio of ∼1.5. A detecting system comprising two in-vacuum X-ray pixel detectors is installed to perform synchronized small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering data collections. The observed beamline performance proves the feasibility of having compound features of high flux, microbeam and ultra-SAXS in one beamline.


Assuntos
Fótons , Síncrotrons , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Taiwan , Difração de Raios X , Raios X
3.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1177-1182, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794220

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the irinotecan plus S-1 regimen-induced toxicities in Chinese advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. Methods: A total of 46 recurrent or metastatic ESCC patients selected from ESWN 01 trial were randomly assigned to irinotecan plus S-1 group [intravenous infusion of irinotecan (160 mg/m(2)) on day 1 and oral S-1 (80-120 mg) on days 1-10, repeated every 14 days]. Peripheral venous blood at baseline was collected and genomic DNA was extracted. The genetic polymorphisms of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. Irinotecan plus S-1 regimen-induced toxicities of patients with different UGT1A1 polymorphisms were observed. The correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the adverse effects was analyzed. Results: Among the 46 patients, the numbers of UGT1A1*6 wild type genotype (GG), mutant heterozygote (GA) and mutant homozygote (AA) were 30, 15 and 1, while those with UGT1A1*28 wild type genotype (TA6/6), mutant heterozygote (TA6/7) and mutant homozygote (TA7/7) were 36, 8 and 2, respectively. Only one patient with UGT1A1*6 AA genotype occurred grade 3 diarrhea, while one of the 2 patients with UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 genotype occurred grade 4 diarrhea. No neutropenia was observed in the patient with UGT1A1*6 AA genotype, however, both of the two patients with UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 genotype occurred grade 3-4 neutropenia. Patients with UGT1A1*28 genetic polymorphism (TA 6/7 or TA7/7) had a higher response rate compared with wild-type TA6/6 carriers. (55.6% versus 26.5%). Conclusions: The homozygous genotype of UGT1A1*6 AA and UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 are rare (<5%) in Chinese ESCC population. Not all homozygous AA and TA7/7 carriers occur severe dose limited toxicities (DLT) when treated with irinotecan (160 mg/m(2)) plus S-1 regimen for 2 weeks. However, it's still necessary torigorously observe the occurrence of severe diarrhea and neutropenia in patients with UGT1A1*6 AA and UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 and adjust the dose timely.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Camptotecina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Genótipo , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo Genético , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease, and total knee replacement (TKR) is a successful surgical intervention for knee OA treatment. However, the risks of mortality and major cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients receiving TKR remain unclear. This study investigated the risks of mortality and MACEs in knee OA patients who received TKR. METHODS: For this population-based cohort study, the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 was used. Two million individuals with knee OA defined by ICD-9-CM codes who received physical therapy between 1999 and 2017 were selected. For propensity score matching (PSM), we considered the year of knee OA diagnosis, demographics, comorbidities, co-medications, and knee OA-related hyaluronic acid or physical therapy at baseline. After PSM, regression analyses were performed to assess the association of mortality or MACEs with TKR and non-TKR individuals. RESULTS: We identified patients (n = 189,708) with a new diagnosis of knee OA between 2000 and 2017. In total, 10,314 propensity-score-paired TKR and non-TKR individuals were selected. The PSM cohort algorithm revealed that the risk of mortality or MACEs was lower in the TKR group (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.791; 95% confidence interval: 0.755-0.830) than in the non-TKR group. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with knee OA who received TKR had decreased risks of mortality and MACEs than those who did not receive TKR. Moreover, the TKR group received a reduced dosage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs at the 1-year follow-up.

5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(43): 3581-3587, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808752

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanism of oxaliplatin-induced chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathic pain (CIPNP). Methods: A total of 16 male Sprague-Dawley rats of specific pathogen-free grade were randomly divided into two groups: oxaliplatin experimental group (2.4 mg/kg oxaliplatin dissolved in 5.0% glucose solution, n=8) and control group (equal volume 5% glucose solution, n=8). The rat model of CIPNP was established by continuous administration with oxaliplatin. In addition, mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia and cold hyperalgesia were measured and compared between the two groups. To explore the molecular mechanism of oxaliplatin-induced CIPNP, the gene expression of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) from the rat model of CIPNP was analyzed using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Results: Mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity was exhibited on day 7 and a stronger hypersensitivity was observed on day 14. A total of 20 152 genes were quantified by RNA-Seq, and 379 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained with absolute fold change cut-offs ≥ 2 and P value<0.05. There were 7 genes (Npy, Car3, Cdkn1a, Nts, Prc1, Ms4a7 and Ecel1) that were involved in peripheral nerve injury-related neuropathic pain. Gene ontology (GO) functional enrichment analyses indicated that the DEGs induced by oxaliplatin were involved in oxygen transport, cell division, intermediate, centromere, oxygen transporter activity, oxygen binding. Moreover, the result of Kyoto Encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) analyses highlighted that the DEGs induced by oxaliplatin were involved in malaria, African trypanosomiasis, primary immunodeficiency, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway. Conclusion: Oxaliplatin induces CIPNP via pain-related genes and signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Neuralgia , Animais , Gânglios Espinais , Hiperalgesia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Neuralgia/induzido quimicamente , Oxaliplatina , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1353-1359, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814553

RESUMO

Objective: To establish an index system of population based SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening, and provide reference to determine the screening coverage appropriately. Methods: The literature review and brain storming sessions were used to develop the basic frame and index system of population based SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening. Based on Delphi method and Analytic Hierarchy Process, 21 domestic experts were selected for two rounds of consultation to determine the index system of population based SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening and its weight. Results: The positive indexes of experts in two rounds of consultations were both 100%. The experts' authority coefficients (Cr) were 0.88±0.08 and 0.89±0.07, respectively. And the range of coefficient of variation (CV) were (0.08, 0.24), (0.09, 0.25). The Kendall's W coordination coefficients were 0.34 and 0.22 respectively, which were statistically significant. The index system of population based SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening was established, which had 4 first-level indexes, 11 second-level indexes and 58 third-level indexes. Besides, the weight of each index was determined. Conclusion: The index system of population based SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening has been established, which can provide scientific reference for the health administration to determine the coverage of population based SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening when local COVID-19 epidemic occurs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Animal ; 15(12): 100406, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844186

RESUMO

Fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) technology uses exogenous reproductive hormones to regulate the sexual cycle and ovulation of sows without oestrus identification, which improves the sow breeding utilisation rate, reduces the number of non-productive days, and elevates the efficiency of pig farm management. In this study, we aimed to optimise FTAI procedures. Healthy 190-day-old and about 90 kg Large White × Landrace crossing breed replacement gilts (n = 166) which were of unknown reproductive status were randomly selected and divided into three groups: a control group (n = 62), an eCG-15D group in which the gilts were pretreated with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) injection 15 days before starting FTAI (n = 50), and an eCG-20D group pretreated with eCG injection 20 days before starting FTAI (n = 54). All three groups were then subjected to the same conventional FTAI procedure. Pigs were orally administered Altrenogest (ALT, 20 mg per pig per day) for 18 days and then 42 h after ALT feeding was stopped, they were injected with 1 000 IU eCG followed by 100 µg GnRH 80 h later. The gilts were inseminated for the first time 24 h after gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) injection and then again 16 h later. After 42 h of ALT feeding, gilts in the eCG-15D group displayed a higher follicular diameter until artificial insemination (AI) than those from the other groups (P < 0.05). In addition, the ovulation times were the most synchronised in the eCG-15D group, with 100% of the gilts ovulating before the second AI on day 25 of FTAI. Furthermore, the gilts in the eCG-15D group achieved the highest pregnancy rate (92%), farrowing rate (90%), total pigs born (11.59), and pigs born alive (11.18). Together, the findings of this study demonstrate that reproductive performance can be optimised by pretreating gilts with eCG 15 days before conventional FTAI.

8.
Clin Radiol ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763818

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the addition of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in the diagnosis of breast lesions in symptomatic young Chinese women (≤30 years) diagnosed with Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 4 or 5 on ultrasound, and demonstrate the potential use of combining DBT with ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 5 years of digital mammography (DM) and DBT data (January 2015 to July 2020). In total, 768 DBT and DM examinations were performed in 713 young women. The results were determined by pathological assessment. Diagnostic performance was measured based on the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: Compared with DM alone, DBT + DM increased the sensitivity from 82.5% to 93.2%, specificity from 70.8% to 84%, accuracy from 74% to 86.5%, NPV from 93.6% to 97.4% (all p<0.01). The AUC of DBT + DM (0.946, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.927-0.960) was greater than that of DM (0.884, 95% CI: 0.859-0.905; p<0.001). The differences in the BI-RADS category distributions of malignant and benign lesions were both statistically significant (p<0.001). DM alone led to 36 false-negative diagnoses, whereas the inclusion of DBT identified breast cancer in 22 of those cases. There were 4.9% (10/206) false-negative diagnoses in ultrasound. After adding DBT, four breast cancers were detected. An additional six breast cancers were diagnosed by biopsy based on an assessment of BI-RADS 4A by DBT/DM. CONCLUSION: DBT + DM significantly improves the diagnostic performance in this young population, especially in young people with higher breast density. Moreover, DBT is an effective supplementary examination to ultrasound.

9.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730406

RESUMO

Intestinal intussusception is uncommon in adults. As a retroperitoneal structure, gastroduodenal intussusception is extremely rare. The leading cause of intussusception is reported to be a tumour, either benign or malignant. The case presented may be the first of gastroduodenal intussusception resulting from severe peptic ulcer. A 64-year-old man was admitted with epigastralgia, appetite loss and melena for 1 week. He had history of peptic ulcer and reflux esophagitis for 9 years, caused by Helicobacter pylori infection; eradication therapy had been performed 5 years previously. This time, an abdominal computed tomography scan showed duodenogastric intussusception and gastric outlet obstruction. Preoperative biopsy failed for complete obstruction; thus, the patient underwent Whipple procedure for complete resection under impression of malignancy. The postoperative course was uneventful. Pathological findings for the specimen showed gastric and duodenal ulcer. Progressive peptic ulcer after eradication therapy is rarely seen, and eradication therapy is used widely to treat H. pylori infection. The eradication rate is extremely high in Taiwan for lower first-line antibiotic as clarithromycin resistance is low due to a policy restricting antimicrobial usage. Early eradication therapy is highly recommended for patients with H. pylori infection. We emphasise the importance of regular follow-up for the non-significant correlation of severity of gastric ulcer with clinical symptoms. When ulceration progresses or non-invasive treatments fail early surgical interventions should be applied to these anatomic alterations.

10.
Eur Phys J C Part Fields ; 81(6): 505, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720720

RESUMO

Neutrinoless double- ß decay of 76 Ge is searched for with germanium detectors where source and detector of the decay are identical. For the success of future experiments it is important to increase the mass of the detectors. We report here on the characterization and testing of five prototype detectors manufactured in inverted coaxial (IC) geometry from material enriched to 88% in 76 Ge. IC detectors combine the large mass of the traditional semi-coaxial Ge detectors with the superior resolution and pulse shape discrimination power of point contact detectors which exhibited so far much lower mass. Their performance has been found to be satisfactory both when operated in vacuum cryostat and bare in liquid argon within the Gerda setup. The measured resolutions at the Q-value for double- ß decay of 76 Ge ( Q ß ß  = 2039 keV) are about 2.1 keV full width at half maximum in vacuum cryostat. After 18 months of operation within the ultra-low background environment of the GERmanium Detector Array (Gerda) experiment and an accumulated exposure of 8.5 kg · year, the background index after analysis cuts is measured to be 4 . 9 - 3.4 + 7.3 × 10 - 4 counts / ( keV · kg · year ) around Q ß ß . This work confirms the feasibility of IC detectors for the next-generation experiment Legend.

11.
Eur Phys J C Part Fields ; 81(8): 682, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776783

RESUMO

The GERmanium Detector Array (Gerda) collaboration searched for neutrinoless double- ß decay in 76 Ge with an array of about 40 high-purity isotopically-enriched germanium detectors. The experimental signature of the decay is a monoenergetic signal at Q ß ß = 2039.061 ( 7 )  keV in the measured summed energy spectrum of the two emitted electrons. Both the energy reconstruction and resolution of the germanium detectors are crucial to separate a potential signal from various backgrounds, such as neutrino-accompanied double- ß decays allowed by the Standard Model. The energy resolution and stability were determined and monitored as a function of time using data from regular 228 Th calibrations. In this work, we describe the calibration process and associated data analysis of the full Gerda dataset, tailored to preserve the excellent resolution of the individual germanium detectors when combining data over several years.

12.
Iran J Vet Res ; 22(3): 209-216, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777521

RESUMO

Background: Deoxyuracil triphosphate nucleotide (dUTP) pyrophosphatase (dUTPase, DU) is an enzyme of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) that minimizes incorporation of dUTP into the DNA. Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus relies partly on its ability to escape from innate immunity to cause persistent infections. Interferon ß (IFN-ß) is an important marker for evaluating the innate immune system, and it has a broad spectrum of antiviral activity. Aims: This study was conducted to investigate the details of the IFN-ß response to CAEV infection. Methods: The expression of IFN-ß and the proliferation of Sendai virus (SeV) and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The effect of DU on the IFN signaling pathway was evaluated using luciferase reporter assays. Results: In our study, the expression of IFN-ß was significantly inhibited and the proliferation of SeV and VSV was promoted in cells overexpressing CAEV-DU. DU affected interferon stimulated response element (ISRE) and IFN-ß promoter activities induced by RIG-I/MDA5/MAVS/TBK1 pathway, while did not affect them induced by interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3-5D). Conclusion: DU protein downregulated the production of IFN-ß by inhibiting the activity of the signal transduction molecules upstream of IRF3, thereby, helping CAEV escape innate immunity. Findings of this work provide an evidence to understand the persistent infection and multiple system inflammation of CAEV.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(21): 6548-6556, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are a major advance in cancer treatment, but their payment benefits are unclear, resulting in financial risk. In Taiwan, the National Health Insurance Administration (NHIA) has adapted risk-sharing mechanisms to cover ICIs by collecting and assessing real-world evidence, such as case registration data, to adjust benefit packages for each medication, increase payment benefits of ICIs, and enable national health insurance sustainability. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This nationwide, multicenter, retrospective cohort study assessed the real-world use, effectiveness, and safety of ICIs reimbursed by the NHIA for treating multiple advanced cancers in Taiwan. We obtained data mainly from the NHIA Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Registry Database. RESULTS: Between April 1, 2019, and March 31, 2020, 1644 patients received at least one dose of ICIs. The overall response rate (RR) was 29.1%. The metastatic urothelial carcinoma of patients ineligible for chemotherapy showed the highest RR. The estimated median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI]=2.7-3 months), and renal cell carcinoma showed the longest PFS. The median PFS was reached in patients with most cancers except classic Hodgkin's lymphoma, which had a small sample size. The estimated survival probability was 50%. CONCLUSIONS: Under the national registration tracking system, Taiwan's high-cost drug policy has enabled access to new medicines and maximized patient benefits.

14.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211037220, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643147

RESUMO

Dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are proposed to be comorbid with periodontitis (PD). It is unclear whether PD is associated with dementia and AD independent of confounding factors. We aimed at identifying the relationship between the longitudinal risk of developing PD in a cohort of patients with dementia and AD who did not show any signs of PD at baseline. In this retrospective cohort study, 8,640 patients with dementia without prior PD were recruited, and 8,640 individuals without dementia history were selected as propensity score-matched controls. A Cox proportional hazard model was developed to estimate the risk of developing PD over 10 y. Cumulative probability was derived to assess the time-dependent effect of dementia on PD. Of the 8,640 patients, a sensitivity test was conducted on 606 patients with AD-associated dementia and 606 non-AD propensity score-matched controls to identify the impact of AD-associated dementia on the risk for PD. Subgroup analyses on age stratification were included. Overall 2,670 patients with dementia developed PD. The relative risk of PD in these patients was significantly higher than in the nondementia group (1.825, 95% CI = 1.715 to 1.942). Cox proportional hazard models showed that patients with dementia were more likely to have PD than individuals without dementia (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.915, 95% CI = 1.766 to 2.077, P < 0.0001, log-rank test P < 0.0001). The risk of PD in patients with dementia was age dependent (P values for all ages <0.0001); younger patients with dementia were more likely to develop PD. The findings persisted for patients with AD: the relative risk (1.531, 95% CI = 1.209 to 1.939) and adjusted hazard ratio (1.667, 95% CI = 1.244 to 2.232; log-rank test P = 0.0004) of PD in patients with AD were significantly higher than the non-AD cohort. Our findings demonstrated that dementia and AD were associated with a higher risk of PD dependent of age and independent of systemic confounding factors.

15.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(7): 630-636, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619840

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor monoclonal antibody (MoAb) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after treatment of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Methods: From February 2019 to February 2020, 56 HCC patients who relapsed after TACE-TKI treatment in Department of Interventional Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were enrolled. All patients received anti-PD-1 MoAb (sintilimab injection) and followed up every 6 weeks. According to mRECIST, the curative effect was evaluated as complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD) or progressive disease (PD). Objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS) and treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were recorded. Univariate analysis by Chi-square test and binary logistic regression model was used to determine the influencing factors of DCR. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to analyze the survival data. Results: A total of 48 patients were enrolled in this study including 42 males and 6 females, with a median age of 55 years (29-71 years). ECOG scores comprised of 0 in 24 cases, 1-2 in 24 cases. Thirty-six patients were in Child-Pugh grade A of liver function and 12 cases were grade B. The median follow-up time was 4.5 months. There were 2 patients achieved CR, 12 patients with PR and 16 with SD. ORR was 29.2%, DCR was 62.5%. The independent influencing factors of DCR was ECOG score and AFP level (P=0.031, P=0.012). Median PFS was 4.1 months (95%CI 2.7-5.4 months), and ECOG score was the independent influencing factor of PFS (P=0.042). Treatment-related adverse events were reported in 70.8% (34/48) patients. Incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ TRAEs was 22.9% (11/48). Conclusion: In patients with HCC who relapse from TACE and TKI treatment, anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody is efficacious safe especially in those with ECOG 0 score.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 952-956, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the changes and characteristics of pediatric outpatient visits in a general hospital before and after the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic. METHODS: Based on the registration data of pediatric outpatient visits in the information system (HIS)of Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, from January 1 2018 to December 31 2020, aged 0 to 16 years, we analyzed the changes of outpatient visits before and after the epidemic, focusing on respiratory infection including influenza. The relationship between the outpatient visits and age and quarterly distribution were also studied. RESULTS: (1) Respiratory infection accounted for the majority of outpatient visits in 2018 and 2019 (60.6% and 60.5%, respectively). Non-respiratory infection accounted for the main proportion of outpatient visits in 2020, while respiratory infection accounted for only 47.4%. Annual respiratory infection visits, respiratory infectious diseases visits especially influenza visits all decreased significantly in 2020 compared with that in 2018 and 2019 (P < 0.05). (2)Respiratory infection visits were highest in the infant group, lowest in the school age group (P < 0.05) and highest in the fourth quarter each year. It decreased significantly in the second quarter of 2020 with statistical significance when compared with the other quarters of 2020(P < 0.05). (3)Influenza accounted for the highest proportion of respiratory infectious diseases visits in each year. It was highest in first quarter, which was significantly different from the other quarters of the year (P < 0.05). There were different distributions of influenza visits throughout 2018 and 2019, while it was only distributed in the first quarter and 99% in January in 2020. CONCLUSION: The respiratory infection and influenza visits have decreased significantly in our pediatric outpatient department after the COVID-19 epidemic, which is considered closely related to the lifestyle and personal protection after the epidemic. It is recommended that health education on respiratory infection and influenza prevention should be strengthened, especially in winter and spring, to promote the development of good respiratory and hand hygiene habits.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Influenza Humana , Criança , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Lactente , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 904-909, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674466

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of fistula stent made by 3D printing technique in the treatment of enteroatmospheric fistula. Methods: A descriptive case series study was carried out. INCLUSION CRITERIA: (1) patients with open abdomen; (2) patients with enteroatmospheric fistula. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: (1) patient with two or more fistulas; (2) distal obstruction; (3) bowel stenosis over 50%. According to above criteria, 17 EAF patients admitted to the General Surgery Department of Jinling Hospital from June 2019 to January 2020 were retrospectively included in study. Based on the intestinal radiography, CT reconstruction and finger exploration, the size of fistula, the diameter of the intestinal tube and the angle of the intestinal lumen around the fistula were assessed. The 3D printing fistula stent was designed and established based on estimated data, and then placed through the fistula. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: (1) success rate of stent implantation; (2) outflow of intestinal contents after implantation; (3) tolerated exercise time; (4) receiving definite operation time for intestinal fistula; (5) time to recovery of enteral nutrition. The t-test was used to compare the outflow amount of intestinal content before and after the stent implantation and the tolerated exercise time. The changes of the outflow amount of intestinal content and tolerated exercise time were analyzed by repeated measurement ANOVA. Results: Seventeen EAF patients with open abdomen included 13 males and 4 females. All the patients successfully received intestinal fistula stent implantation. Gastrointestinal angiography 2 days after implantation showed that the digestive tract was unobstructed, and the stent was successfully kept in place until definite surgery. No stent implantation-related adverse reactions were found in patients undergoing definite intestinal fistula surgery. The average outflow amount of intestinal fluid within 7 days after implantation decreased from (702.7±198.9) ml/d to on the first day after implantation (45.8±22.4) ml/d on the 7th day(F=10.380, P<0.001). The ambulatory time and exercise time of patients continued to increase after stent implantation. The average tolerated exercise time within 14 days after stent implantation increased from (9.1±3.8) min/d to (106.9±21.8) min/d (F=41.727, P<0.001). Within 120 days after stent implantation, 15 patients successfully underwent definite surgery for intestinal fistula and reconstruction of abdominal wall. Patients needed a median (IQR) of 3 (2, 5) days to recover enteral nutrition. The average time from stent placement to surgery was (87.2±17.6) days. Two patients died of severe abdominal infection with multiple organ failure. Conclusion: 3D printing fistula stent can significantly and the outflow of intestinal contents and the difficulty of nursing, and help to restore enteral nutrition and rehabilitation exercise as soon as possible in EAF patients with open abdomen.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal , Fístula Intestinal , Feminino , Humanos , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Impressão Tridimensional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 949-956, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711030

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the pathogenic bacteria and epidemiological characteristics in children with respiratory tract infection in Tianjin area. Methods: Retrospective case analysis was performed on 2 392 hospitalized children in the wards of respiratory diseases, intensive care unit and special care ward of Tianjin Children's Hospital from June 2018 to May 2019. Thirteen pathogenic bacteria in deep sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were detected by loop-mediated isothermal amplification. The laboratory data and clinical characteristics of the infected children were analyzed, and the comparison between groups was performed by t test or χ2 test. Results: Among 2 392 cases, 1 407 were males and 985 females. There was no significant difference in the detection rate between males and females (72.5% (1 020/1 407) vs.74.2% (731/985), χ2=0.87, P=0.35). A total of 1 751 strains and 12 kinds of positive respiratory pathogens were detected, with a detection rate of 73.2%. Among them, 913 (38.2%) strains were Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), 514 (21.5%) were Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp), 381 (15.9%) were Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and 279 (11.7%) were Hemophilus influenzae (Hi). There was significant difference in the detection rate of pathogens among different age groups (χ²=83.67, P<0.01). The positive rate of alveolar lavage fluid group was higher than that of deep sputum fluid group [81.6% (614/752) vs. 69.3% (1 137/1 640), χ2=39.89, P<0.01]. The length of hospital stay of children infected with different pathogens was significantly different (all P<0.01). There was significant difference in duration of fever among children infected with different pathogens (χ²=228.69,103.56, 3.96, 27.38,24.50,41.66, all P<0.05). There were 63 (7.7%) cases of atelectasis, 260 (31.9%) cases of pleurisy and 120 (14.7%) cases of pleural effusion in MP children. Children with Sma were most likely to involve the heart system (2/9), and children with Eco infection had a higher incidence of complications such as those of blood (3/19), urinary (2/19), digestive systems(4/19), systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis (1/19). Conclusions: The main bacterial pathogens of respiratory tract infection in children in Tianjin were MP, Sp, MRSA and Hi. It is suggested that clinicians should not only pay attention to the respiratory symptoms of children, but also pay attention to the complications caused by bacterial pathogen infection, so as to prevent the deterioration of the disease and improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Infecções Respiratórias , Bactérias , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666447

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical diagnosis and treatment of congenital laryngotracheoesophageal cleft (LTEC) in children. Methods: The clinical data of 8 children (including 7 males and 1 female)with congenital laryngotracheoesophageal cleft from January 2016 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The median diagnosing age was 3.75 months (5 days to 12 months). According to the modified Benjamin Inglis classification proposed by Sandu in 2006,there were 3 cases of type Ⅱ, 3 cases of type Ⅲa, 1 case of type Ⅲb and 1 case of type Ⅳa. All children were followed up regularly. Results: Six patients were treated for recurrent bronchopneumonia and aspiration during feeding. The patients were first treated in the pneumology departmentt or intensive care unit. Six patients combined with other malformations. Endoscopic repair operations were performed in 6 cases (3 cases of type Ⅱ, 3 cases of type Ⅲ a), 1 case of LTEC was operated through cervical approach, and 1 case of type IVa LTEC associated with VACTERL was repaired under thoracoscope combined with suspension laryngoscope. Seven patients underwent tracheotomy before or during the repair operations. Gastrostomy was performed in 2 children. The operations were successfully performed in all cases. Three children with type Ⅱ LTEC recovered well and decannulated. One case of type Ⅲa was followed up for 5 months with occasionally choking while feeding. Two cases of type Ⅲa, 1 case of type Ⅲb and 1 case of type Ⅳa died due to severe reflux, tracheomalacia or respiratory failure. Conclusions: Congenital LTEC is a rare congenital malformation which is difficult to diagnose for the poor specificity of clinical manifestations. LTEC needs to be classified by endoscopy examination under general anesthesia. Severe cases of LTEC have poorer outcomes than the mild cases, and the perioperative managements need multi-disciplinary cooperation to reduce the mortality.


Assuntos
Laringe , Traqueia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Laringe/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traqueostomia , Traqueotomia
20.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1059-1065, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666466

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the expression and difference of melastatin-related transient receptor potential 8(TRPM8) among chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps and normal mucosa tissues. And to explore the significant expression of TRPM8 among CRSwNP. Methods: Fifty-one patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February 2019 to January 2020 were recruited, including 33 males and 18 females, aged from 14 to 65 years old (34.55±1.689).Immunohistochemistry was used to detected the expression of TRPM8 protein among CRSsNP(17),CRSwNP (17) and control tissuses(17). In addition, the correlation between the expression of TRPM8 protein in CRSwNP patients and preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and preoperative VAS scores and sinonasal outcome test-20 scores was analyzed, respectively. The primary human nasal epithelial cells were cultured in vitro and the expression of TRPM8 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting. The tissue in control group, chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) group and the CRSwNP group were collected and grinded into tissue homogenized. The expression of TRPM8 protein was detected by western blotting after 24 h stimulation after homogenate was added into the medium of RPMI 2650 and primary nasal epithelial cells. Results: Compared with the control, the expression of TRPM8 was significantly up-regulated in nasal polyps (t=6.852, P<0.05). TRPM8 was mainly expressed in epithelial cells. The expression of TRPM8 in the epithelial cells of CRSsNP had no difference with the control group (t=1.980, P>0.05). In addition, the expression of TRPM8 in CRSwNP patients was positively correlated with the preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and VAS scores and SNOT-20 scores (r=0.512, P<0.05;r=0.853, P<0.01;r=0.814, P<0.01). After cultured primary epithelial cells in vitro, the expression level of TRPM8 in epithelial cells derived from nasal polyp was significantly higher than that in control group (t=8.845, P<0.05). By adding the homogenization of control and CRSsNP and CRSwNP tissues, the expression of TRPM8 in RPMI 2650 cells and primary nasal epithelial cells was changed and that was significantly increased after adding the homogenization of the group of CRSwNP. Conclusion: TRPM8 is highly expressed in nasal polyps epithelial cells, suggesting that TRPM8 may be involved in the pathogenesis of nasal polyps regulated by nasal epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Pólipos Nasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Canais de Cátion TRPM , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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