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1.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179621

RESUMO

Plants are subjected to extreme environmental conditions and must adapt rapidly. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) accumulates during abiotic stress, signaling transcriptional changes that trigger physiological responses. Epigenetic modifications often facilitate transcription, particularly at genes exhibiting temporal, tissue-specific and environmentally-induced expression. In maize (Zea mays), MEDIATOR OF PARAMUTATION 1 (MOP1) is required for progression of an RNA-dependent epigenetic pathway that regulates transcriptional silencing of loci genomewide. MOP1 function has been previously correlated with genomic regions adjoining particular types of transposable elements and genic regions, suggesting that this regulatory pathway functions to maintain distinct transcriptional activities within genomic spaces, and that loss of MOP1 may modify the responsiveness of some loci to other regulatory pathways. As critical regulators of gene expression, MOP1 and ABA pathways each regulate specific genes. To determine whether loss of MOP1 impacts ABA-responsive gene expression in maize, mop1-1 and Mop1 homozygous seedlings were subjected to exogenous ABA and RNA-sequencing. A total of 3,242 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in four pairwise comparisons. Overall, ABA-induced changes in gene expression were enhanced in mop1-1 homozygous plants. The highest number of DEGs were identified in ABA-induced mop1-1 mutants, including many transcription factors; this suggests combinatorial regulatory scenarios including direct and indirect transcriptional responses to genetic disruption (mop1-1) and/or stimulus-induction of a hierarchical, cascading network of responsive genes. Additionally, a modest increase in CHH methylation at putative MOP1-RdDM loci in response to ABA was observed in some genotypes, suggesting that epigenetic variation might influence environmentally-induced transcriptional responses in maize.

2.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the severity of syndesmophytes and its correlation with the spinopelvic and clinical outcomes in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: The data from 41 consecutive patients with AS who had undergone pedicle subtraction osteotomy surgery at our institution were reviewed. The computed tomography syndesmophyte score (CTSS), a novel method of evaluating the severity of syndesmophytes, was applied to assess the syndesmophytes of the whole, cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine. The measured spinopelvic parameters included global kyphosis, sagittal vertical axis, lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, and sacral slope. The Oswestry disability index questionnaire, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were used to evaluate the clinical outcome. The Pearson correlation test was performed to identify correlations between syndesmophyte severity and the spinopelvic and clinical parameters. RESULTS: The Pearson correlation analysis demonstrated that the whole CTSS (WCTSS), cervical CTSS, thoracic CTSS, and lumbar CTSS (LCTSS) correlated significantly with each other (P < 0.05). All the CTSSs correlated positively with age, disease duration, and pelvic tilt (P < 0.05). In addition, both sagittal vertical axis and lumbar lordosis were significantly related to the WCTSS, cervical CTSS, and LCTSS (P < 0.05). The Oswestry disability index correlated negatively with the WCTSS (r = -0.312; P < 0.05), thoracic CTSS (r = -0.314; P < 0.05), and LCTSS (r = -0.343; P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In advanced AS, old age and a long disease duration are risk factors for the progression of syndesmophytes. The progression of syndesmophytes might contribute to spinal sagittal malalignment. With serious syndesmophytes, pelvic retroversion seems to be the major compensatory mechanism for spinal sagittal malalignment.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(4): 395-401, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of both-column acetabular fractures is challenging because of the complex acetabular fracture patterns and the curved surface of the acetabulum. Seldom study has compared the application of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology and traditional methods of contouring plates intra-operatively for the surgical treatment of both-column acetabular fractures. We presented the use of both 3D printing technology and a virtual simulation in pre-operative planning for both-column acetabular fractures. We hypothesized that 3D printing technology will assist orthopedic surgeons in shortening the surgical time and improving the clinical outcomes. METHODS: Forty patients with both-column acetabular fractures were recruited in the randomized prospective case-control study from September 2013 to September 2017 for this prospective study (No. ChiCTR1900028230). We allocated the patients to two groups using block randomization (3D printing group, n = 20; conventional method group, n = 20). For the 3D printing group, 1:1 scaled pelvic models were created using 3D printing, and the plates were pre-contoured according to the pelvic models. The plates for the conventional method group were contoured during the operation without 3D printed pelvic models. The operation time, instrumentation time, time of intra-operative fluoroscopy, blood loss, number of times the approach was performed, blood transfusion, post-operative fracture reduction quality, hip joint function, and complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The operation and instrumentation times in the 3D printing group were significantly shorter (130.8 ±â€Š29.2 min, t = -7.5, P < 0.001 and 32.1 ±â€Š9.5 min, t = -6.5, P < 0.001, respectively) than those in the conventional method group. The amount of blood loss and blood transfusion in the 3D printing group were significantly lower (500 [400, 800] mL, Mann-Whitney U = 74.5, P < 0.001 and 0 [0,400] mL, Mann-Whitney U = 59.5, P < 0.001, respectively) than those in the conventional method group. The number of the approach performed in the 3D printing group was significantly smaller than that in the conventional method group (pararectus + Kocher-Langenbeck [K-L] approach rate: 35% vs. 85%; χ = 10.4, P < 0.05). The time of intra-operative fluoroscopy in the 3D printing group was significantly shorter than that in the conventional method group (4.2 ±â€Š1.8 vs. 7.7 ±â€Š2.6 s; t = -5.0, P < 0.001). The post-operative fracture reduction quality in the 3D printing group was significantly better than that in the conventional method group (good reduction rate: 80% vs. 30%; χ = 10.1, P < 0.05). The hip joint function (based on the Harris score 1 year after the operation) in the 3D printing group was significantly better than that in the conventional method group (excellent/good rate: 75% vs. 30%; χ = 8.1, P < 0.05). The complication was similar in both groups (5.0% vs. 25%; χ = 3.1, P = 0.182). CONCLUSIONS: The use of a pre-operative virtual simulation and 3D printing technology is a more effective method for treating both-column acetabular fractures. This method can shorten the operation and instrumentation times, reduce blood loss, blood transfusion and the time of intra-operative fluoroscopy, and improve the post-operative fracture reduction quality. CLINICAL TRAIL REGISTRATION: No.ChiCTR1900028230; http://www.chictr.org.cn.

4.
Acta Trop ; 205: 105351, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958411

RESUMO

Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are widely distributed and remain a public health problem in the People's Republic of China. Altogether, 301 counties across 30 regions were investigated during the national surveillance on STHs carried out in 2016 based on the modified Kato-Katz thick smear method to examine faecal samples. A total of 305 081 people were investigated with 7 366 (2.4%) found to be infected. The infection rates were the following: hookworm 1.4%, Ascaris lumbricoides 0.8% and Trichuris trichiura 0.5%. Having established that the STHs infection rate is relatively low, it is time to move towards elimination. The national surveillance system is essential for providing basic data and formulation of useful control strategies towards achieving this goal.

5.
Comput Biol Chem ; 85: 107188, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954202

RESUMO

By using the available expression datasets of mRNAs and small RNAs, we constructed and compared the salt-responsive gene regulatory networks (GRNs) involving both transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulations between model plants rice and Arabidopsis. The salt-responsive GRNs involve the transcription factors (TFs), microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes. Here we describe 552 miRNA-target interactions (MTIs), 95 up-regulated TF-target interactions (TTIs) and 56 down-regulated TTIs in rice, while 332 MTIs, 138 up-regulated and 4 down-regulated TTIs in Arabidopsis. Interestingly, we observed the networks in rice are more complicated where target genes were enriched in rice development and growth, while more stress-related genes were detected in Arabidopsis networks. With the construction and comparison of GRNs between rice and Arabidopsis in response to salt stress, we can basically describe the differences of salt responsive mechanisms in two species: rice tends to respond slower and chooses to manipulate its development and growth to avoid salt stress, while Arabidopsis prefers to trigger a serious salt-defending genes to protect itself from stress. Our work provides the foundation for further exploring the molecular basis of plant salt response and the potential breeding practice by engineering the critical components in the networks in improving plant salt tolerance.

6.
Fitoterapia ; 141: 104472, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917303

RESUMO

Three pairs of new germacranolides, (+)/(-)-chlogermacrones A-C, along with two known analogues were obtained from the roots of Chloranthus henryi. Spectroscopic techniques and single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analyses were used for the structure elucidation of the compounds. All of the isolated compounds were tested for their neuroprotective effects on H2O2 damaged PC12 cells, compounds 3 and 5 increased cell viability from 43.4 ± 1.3% to 99.6 ± 8.7 and 68.1 ± 4.8% at 10 µM, respectively.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 146: 887-896, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669658

RESUMO

In this study, four sequentially extracted polysaccharides (AEPs) from Amana edulis were modified by sulphation, phosphorylation, and carboxylation modifications (S-AEPs, P-AEPs, C-AEPs), and compared for their anti-oxidant activities. After modification, sugar and protein contents were decreased and uronic acid content was increased in comparison to native AEPs. UV absorption showed similar maximum absorption peaks of modified derivatives which indicated their homogeneous nature. FTIR spectra confirmed the conversion of hydroxyl groups to OS, COO, and POH bonds, respectively. The phosphorylated derivatives (P-AEPs) displayed the highest DPPH, hydroxyl radical, and ferrous ions radical scavenging abilities. Sulfated polysaccharides (S-AEPs) were observed with high reducing ability. The C-AEPs maintained the stable antioxidant properties after carboxylation modification. Our results indicated that the chemical modification of different polysaccharide components has significantly affected their antioxidant potential for their use in food industry and human health.

8.
Exp Physiol ; 105(2): 282-292, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803965

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? What are the potential therapeutic roles of ginsenoside Rb1 and hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). What is the main finding and its importance? HSYA restored the oestrous cycles of PCOS mice, reduced follicular cysts in ovaries and rescued abnormal hormone secretion; ginsenoside Rb1 did not ameliorate the main symptoms of PCOS mice. HSYA alleviated oxidative stress along with an enhancement of antioxidant enzyme activity. This highlights a potential role of HSYA in PCOS therapy. ABSTRACT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disease resulting in female infertility. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) and ginsenoside Rb1 have been shown to have antioxidant properties, but little is known about their impact in PCOS. Here dehydroepiandrosterone was used to induce PCOS in a mouse model that was characterized by an irregular oestrous cycle, cystic follicles and an elevated serum testosterone level. Supplementation of HSYA restored the oestrous cycle of PCOS mice, reduced follicular cysts in PCOS mouse ovaries and brought about a decline in serum testosterone level, while ginsenoside Rb1 did not ameliorate the above symptoms of PCOS mice. After HSYA treatment, there was elevation of serum oestradiol, progesterone, luteinizing hormone and anti-Müllerian hormone levels and a reduction of follicle-stimulating hormone level, but ginsenoside Rb1 only rescued the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone and anti-Müllerian hormone. Further analysis evidenced that HSYA reversed the expression of steroid hormone secretion-related genes Star, Hsd3b1, Cyp11a1 and Cyp19a1. In PCOS mice HSYA weakened the elevation of ovarian malondialdehyde, which is regarded as a biomarker for oxidative stress. Moreover, HSYA improved reduced glutathione content accompanied by a simultaneous increase in reduced to oxidized glutathione ratio, and enhanced the activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase. Collectively, HSYA exerted beneficial effects on PCOS mice by restoring hormone secretion and alleviating oxidative stress.

9.
Spine J ; 20(2): 241-250, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The head's center of gravity (COG) plumb line (PL) and C7 PL could be simultaneously positioned over the pelvis in adult spinal deformity with normal cervical mobility. However, the position of the head in relation to the global spinal alignment has yet to be investigated in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyze the position of head in relation to the global spinal alignment in AS-related thoracolumbar kyphosis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective single-center study. PATIENT SAMPLE: AS patients who underwent lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy for thoracolumbar kyphosis from January 2010 to August 2016 were reviewed. Only patients with a visible ear canal on the preoperative, immediate postoperative, and final follow-up radiographs were included. OUTCOME MEASURES: The chin-brow angle, cervical range of motion (ROM), lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracolumbar angle, thoracic kyphosis (TK), L1 pelvic angle, pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), TK+LL+PI, PI-LL, maximal kyphosis (MK), deformity angular rate, T1 pelvic angle, T1 tilt, spinosacral angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) COG-C7, SVA COG-femoral head (FH), and SVA C7-S were evaluated. Data regarding the health-related quality of life, including the Oswestry disability index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS)-back score, were also collected preoperatively, 2 years postoperatively, and at the latest follow-up. METHODS: The cohort was divided into patients with occiput-trunk (OT) concordance or with OT discordance according to the SVA COG-C7 ≤30 mm or >30 mm, respectively. There was no funding in this study and there are no conflict of interest-associated biases. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients (36 males and 7 females) with a mean age of 34.2 years (range, 18-59 years) were identified. There were 17 patients accompanied with OT concordance and 26 patients with OT discordance preoperatively. The cervical ROM was significantly lower (24.0° vs 56.1°, p<.001) and SVA COG-C7 was significantly larger (71.7 mm vs 7.4 mm, p<.001) in patients with OT discordance. Furthermore, the PT was larger (41.0° vs 33.5°, p=.010) in patients with OT discordance. After surgery, the whole cohort showed an improvement in LL (-8.6° vs -52.8°, p<.001). Moreover, the CBVA (25.4° vs 1.3°, p<.001) and SVA COG-C7 (46.2 mm vs 21.6 mm, p<.001) were significantly decreased following lumbar PSO. There were 13 patients accompanied with OT discordance postoperatively, and the cervical ROM was still lower (22.5° vs 42.8°, p=.024) in these patients. Postoperative PT was larger (26.5° vs 20.1°, p=.033) in the patients with OT discordance. At the latest follow-up, there were 17 patients accompanied with OT discordance. In these 17 patients, the cervical ROM was significantly lower (21.0° vs 47.0°, p=.001) and PT was significantly higher (26.2° vs 19.2°, p=.012). The ODI and VAS-back scores demonstrated no significant differences between the two groups preoperatively, 2 years postoperatively, or at the latest follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: OT discordance in AS-related thoracolumbar kyphosis could be caused by the reduced cervical ROM. To maintain global spinal balance, the pelvis rotated further backward in response to the larger SVA COG-C7. Moreover, the larger SVA COG-C7 could be decreased after the lumbar PSO. Although there were radiographic differences between the patients with OT concordance and with OT discordance, there was no difference in clinical outcomes, and that a larger sample size and longer follow-up are needed.

10.
Cell Biol Int ; 44(2): 433-445, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579960

RESUMO

Genistein is an isoflavone that has estrogen (E2 )-like activity and is beneficial for follicular development, but little is known regarding its function in oxidative stress (OS)-mediated granulosa cell (GC) injury. Here, we found that after exposure to H2 O2 , Genistein weakened the elevated levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA), which were regarded as the biomarkers for OS, and rescued glutathione (GSH) content and GSH/GSSG ratio accompanying with a simultaneous increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) level, whereas addition of protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor H89 impeded the effects of Genistein on the levels of ROS and MDA. Further analysis evidenced that Genistein enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), GSH-peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) in H2 O2 -treated GCs, but this enhancement was attenuated by H89. Under OS, Genistein improved cell viability and lessened the apoptotic rate of GCs along with a reduction in the activity of Casp3 and levels of Bax and Bad messenger RNA (mRNA), while H89 reversed the above effects. Moreover, Genistein treatment caused an obvious elevation in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) followed by a decline in the levels of intracellular mitochondrial superoxide, but H89 inhibited the regulation of Genistein on MMP and mitochondrial superoxide. Supplementation of Genistein promoted the secretion of E2 and increased the expression of Star and Cyp19a1 mRNA, whereas suppressed the level of progesterone (P4 ) accompanied with a decline in the level of Hsd3b1 mRNA expression. H89 blocked the regulation of Genistein on the secretion of E2 and P4 , and alleviated the ascending of Star and Cyp19a1 elicited by Genistein. Collectively, Genistein protects GCs from OS via cAMP-PKA signaling.

12.
Acta Trop ; 203: 105320, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877282

RESUMO

Clonorchiasis is an important food-borne parasitic disease in China, and infection with C. sinensis can cause hepatobiliary diseases. Comprehensive and systematic prevention and control of clonorchiasis requires the establishment of an effective surveillance. A total of 301 surveillance points were set up in 30 provinces across China in 2016, and 1000 people were selected by cluster sampling at each surveillance point annually for C. sinensis infection screening using Kato-Katz thick smear method. C. sinensis infection was detected in 6226 people following screening of 305081 people at the 301 surveillance points in 2016. Infection rate was 2.04%; with C. sinensis infection detected in 70 counties spread across 15 provinces, 89.37% of the infected people were distributed in Jilin, Heilongjiang, Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. Highest infection rate was observed in Da'an city, Jilin Province (49%). The national infection rate in male and female was 2.70% and 1.40% respectively. Infection rate between male and female was significantly different (P <0.01). Disease prevalence increases with age in both male and female, reaches peak in age group 40-49. Result obtained indicate that major C. sinensis endemic areas are distributed in the north and south of China, and areas with high prevalence are distributed along the river system at county level. Result, also, shows that middle-aged men are at high-risk of infection. These results suggest that surveillance activities should be sustained nationwide and highlight the need for an integrated approach to control C. sinensis transmission in regions with high disease prevalence in China.

13.
Food Chem ; 306: 125560, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590002

RESUMO

To control the oxidation in chicken fat by immobilized lipoxygenase (LOX), Maillard reaction products (MRPs) with chicken flavor were prepared and analyzed for flavor mechanism. >50% activity of immobilized LOX was retained after repeated use for five times or five weeks. The oxidized chicken fats were prepared by thermal, free LOX, and immobilized LOX treatments. After addition of chicken fats, Maillard reaction produced more aliphatic aldehydes and alcohols (126.0-839.5 ng/g and 493.5-2332.4 ng/g, respectively) which resulted in noticeable enhanced reaction, but the content of sulfur compounds such as thiols and thiophenes decreased significantly (870.8-1233.9 ng/g and 1125.0-2880.3 ng/g, respectively), and the structure of sulfur compounds could easily form alkyl side chains. However, there was no significant difference in sensory and flavors between oxidized chicken after treatments, which may be related to oxidized degree. The mechanism was proposed or aromatic effects of oxidized chicken fat on flaxseed derived MRPs.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Gorduras/metabolismo , Aromatizantes/química , Linho/química , Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Animais , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Gorduras/química , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/análise , Reação de Maillard , Oxirredução , Soja/enzimologia , Paladar
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843905

RESUMO

Human activities have shaped large-scale distributions of many species, driving both range contractions and expansions. Species differ naturally in range size, with small-range species concentrated in particular geographic areas and potentially deviating ecologically from widespread species. Hence, species' responses to human activities may be influenced by their geographic range sizes, but if and how this happens are poorly understood. Here, we use a comprehensive distribution database and species distribution modeling to examine if and how human activities have affected the extent to which 9,701 vascular plants fill their climatic potential ranges in China. We find that narrow-ranged species have lower range filling and widespread species have higher range filling in the human-dominated southeastern part of China, compared with their counterparts distributed in the less human-influenced northwestern part. Variations in range filling across species and space are strongly associated with indicators of human activities (human population density, human footprint, and proportion of cropland) even after controlling for alternative drivers. Importantly, narrow-ranged and widespread species show negative and positive range-filling relationships to these human indicators, respectively. Our results illustrate that floras risk biotic homogenization as a consequence of anthropogenic activities, with narrow-ranged species becoming replaced by widespread species. Because narrow-ranged species are more numerous than widespread species in nature, negative impacts of human activities will be prevalent. Our findings highlight the importance of establishing more protected areas and zones of reduced human activities to safeguard the rich flora of China.

15.
Bioinformatics ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693067

RESUMO

A critical aspect for exploring the biological function of a microRNA (miRNA) lies on exact detection and validation of its target mRNAs. However, no convenient and efficient web-based server is available for plant biologists to identify the experimentally verified target mRNAs of miRNAs. In this work, we built a comprehensive web-based platform for miRNA-target analysis, named as Whole-degradome-based Plant MiRNA-target Interaction Analysis Server (WPMIAS), for validation of predicted interactions of miRNAs and their target mRNAs (MTIs) by user-submitted data or all available pre-loaded degradome data. Besides, the server can construct degradome-based miRNA regulatory networks (MRNs) based on the validated MTIs to help study the functions and relations among miRNAs and target mRNAs. WPMIAS is also suitable for other small RNAs (sRNAs), such as 21-nt phased siRNAs (phasiRNAs) and natural antisense siRNAs (nat-siRNAs), which direct cleavage of target mRNAs. Currently, WPMIAS supports 64 plant species with ∼200 cDNA libraries and 274 pre-loaded plant degradome datasets. The user can identify all validated MTIs by analyzing all degradome data at a time and understand when and where MTIs take place and their cleavage levels. With the data obtained from WPMIAS, the user can build a plant miRNA-target map, where it is convenient to find interesting research ideas on miRNAs. In summary, WPMIAS is able to support a comprehensive web-based plant miRNA-target analysis and expected to greatly promote future research on plant miRNAs. AVAILABILITY: It can be freely accessed at https://cbi.njau.edu.cn/WPMIAS/. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

16.
Nanotechnology ; 31(10): 105202, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751963

RESUMO

In the last ten years, bismuth oxybromide (BiOBr) has attracted wide attention due to its superior optoelectronic property. However, its practical application still suffers from slow carrier transport and high carrier recombination. Here we report a kind of novel tannum indium sulfide (SnIn4S8)/BiOBr hybrid prepared by a two-step hydrothermal method. The results showed that small amount of SnIn4S8 had no influence on the crystal phase of BiOBr, but the morphology could be regulated from nanosheet to nanoflower. Specially, SnIn4S8 exerted a slight effect on the light absorption and band gap of BiOBr. Importantly, SnIn4S8/BiOBr hybrids exhibited remarkable enhancement of the photocatalytic activity towards the degradation of rhodamin B (RhB) dye molecules. SnIn4S8/BiOBr-0.20 with 99.8% degradation efficiency had the highest photocatalytic activity within 40 min, while it was only 71.1% for pure BiOBr. The enhanced photocatalytic activity was mainly attributed to efficient interfacial transfer and low carrier recombination. This work will help us understand the photocatalytic mechanism of bismuth oxyhalide hybrids.

17.
Pharm Biol ; 57(1): 744-752, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679431

RESUMO

Context: Liuweibuqi (LWBQ) capsule has been reported to influence symptoms of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, specific function of LWBQ capsules in COPD with lung-qi deficiency syndrome remains elusive.Objective: This study investigates effect of LWBQ capsules on STAT4/STAT6 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 expression and pulmonary function in stable COPD with lung-qi deficiency syndrome.Materials and methods: Totally, 429 patients diagnosed with stable COPD and lung-qi deficiency syndrome were treated with starch capsules (each time for 9 capsules), or different doses: low (each dose for 8 capsules and 1 LWBQ capsules), medium (each time for 6 capsules and 3 LWBQ capsules), or high (each time for 9 LWBQ capsules) of LWBQ capsules for 30 days, 3 times a day. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC% and DLco%pred were evaluated by pulmonary function meter. STAT4/STAT6 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 expression was assessed by RT-qPCR and western blot analysis, and serum concentrations of IL-4, IFN-γ and IL-6 by ELISA.Results: Spearman rank correlation analysis and ROC curve showed that STAT4/STAT6 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 affected pulmonary functions and curative effect of stable COPD with lung-qi deficiency syndrome. After LWBQ capsule treatment, FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC% and DLco%pred elevated; STAT4/STAT6, MMP-9/TIMP-1, IFN-γ and IL-6 expression declined whereas IL-4 expression increased (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that FEV1/FVC was negatively correlated with STAT4/STAT6 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 expression in COPD patients.Conclusions: LWBQ capsules play a beneficial role in pulmonary function of stable COPD with lung-qi deficiency syndrome via STAT4/STAT6 and MMP-9/TIMP-1.

18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 47(22): 11839-11849, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732732

RESUMO

DNA polymerase ß (pol ß) selects the correct deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate for incorporation into the DNA polymer. Mistakes made by pol ß lead to mutations, some of which occur within specific sequence contexts to generate mutation hotspots. The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene is mutated within specific sequence contexts in colorectal carcinomas but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. In previous work, we demonstrated that a somatic colon cancer variant of pol ß, K289M, misincorporates deoxynucleotides at significantly increased frequencies over wild-type pol ß within a mutation hotspot that is present several times within the APC gene. Kinetic studies provide evidence that the rate-determining step of pol ß catalysis is phosphodiester bond formation and suggest that substrate selection is governed at this step. Remarkably, we show that, unlike WT, a pre-catalytic step in the K289M pol ß kinetic pathway becomes slower than phosphodiester bond formation with the APC DNA sequence but not with a different DNA substrate. Based on our studies, we propose that pre-catalytic conformational changes are of critical importance for DNA polymerase fidelity within specific DNA sequence contexts.

19.
Spine J ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Radiographic realignment objectives for the surgical correction of adult spinal deformity (ASD) have been well-described. However, the optimal sagittal spinopelvic alignment after corrective osteotomy for thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is still unknown so far. PURPOSE: To comprehensively investigate the relationship between radiographic parameters and clinical outcomes measured by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) in thoracolumbar kyphosis patients caused by AS following one-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) and to determine the optimal sagittal alignment at a minimum of 2-year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of consecutive AS patients from one institution (2006-2016). PATIENT SAMPLE: One hundred AS-related thoracolumbar kyphosis patients who underwent one-level PSO with a minimum of 2-year follow-up (range, 2-10 years). OUTCOME MEASURES: Spinopelvic parameters at final follow-up (≥2 years) included thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, osteotomized vertebra angle, pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), pelvic incidence, sagittal vertical axis, spinosacral angle (SSA), T1 pelvic angle (TPA), spinopelvic angle (SPA), and global kyphosis. Clinical outcomes at final follow-up (≥2 years) was evaluated by ODI and BASDAI, and ODI<20 was defined as good clinical outcome. METHODS: Pre- and postoperative radiographic and clinical outcomes were compared by paired samples t test. The correlation between the postoperative radiographic parameters and clinical outcomes was investigated by Pearson correlation analysis. Linear regression analysis was performed to construct predictive models of the clinically relevant radiographic parameters based on ODI scores and to determine the realignment goals. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was applied to figure out the major radiographic contributors of ODI score at the final follow-up. RESULTS: In total, 100 AS patients (92 males and 8 females) with a mean age of 34.7±9.5 years (range, 17-63 years) were followed up for 38.6±17.5 months (range, 24-120 months). At the final follow-up, PT and TPA were positively correlated with both ODI and BASDAI score (p<.05). Although SS, SSA, and SPA were negatively associated with the score of ODI (p<.05), and BASDAI was negatively related to SPA (p<.05). Predicting regression models of the clinically-relevant radiographic parameters were built based on the ODI score at the last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the regression models, the optimal sagittal alignment of AS patients satisfying good clinical outcome (ODI<20) at a minimum of 2-year follow-up was: PT<24°, SSA>108°, TPA<22°, and SPA>152°. Realizing the aforementioned realignment goals may contribute to satisfied clinical outcome for AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis undergoing one-level PSO.

20.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 6209-6230, 2019 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698558

RESUMO

Lagged settlement is a typical accident induced by shield construction in sandy cobble strata. This paper analyzed the process and mechanism of lagged settlement, results show that all phases are in accord with the characteristics of ellipsoid theory of particle flows. Based on this theory, a method for calculating coefficient of lateral earth pressure and loosened earth pressure is proposed in this research. For the coefficient of lateral earth pressure, the boundary of loosened ellipsoid is divided into two parts, the arch zone and the excavation zone, and the lateral pressure coefficients are derived respectively according to the stress state. For loosened earth pressure on tunnel, the Terzaghi earth pressure theory and Protodyakonov earth pressure theory are adapted in different conditions according to the state of loosened cobble soil. Theories developed in this study can be applied on determination of shield excavation parameters, as well as calculation of loosened earth pressure and control of tunnel support.

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