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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18447, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895773

RESUMO

Prenatal examination is a pivotal measure to prevent high-risk pregnancy and to ensure the safety of both mother and infant. However, pregnant women in Linzhi Prefecture in the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) often cannot obtain regular prenatal examinations due to limited accessibility of healthcare facilities, shortage of medical staff, and lack of medical equipment. Health education is an important approach to solve this ever-growing issue of pregnant women in rural Tibet.To evaluate the efficacy of flexible methods of health education programs on improving compliance among pregnant women from Tibet, China.In May to November of 2018, a total of 168 pregnant women receiving prenatal examination in a tertiary referral hospital in Linzhi Prefecture were recruited and randomly assigned to a control (n = 85) and intervention group (n = 83). All pregnant women were followed up until delivery. The pregnant women in the control group received regular prenatal examination and health education programs. Other than receiving routine prenatal care, participants of the interventional group also voluntarily joined the WeChat Social Messaging platform. Online resources posted by the maternity schools provided convenience and flexibility for the pregnant woman. The number of prenatal examinations was statistically significant between the 2 groups. The effect of flexible patterns of health education programs on improving the compliance of pregnant women in Tibet was assessed.The number of prenatal examinations in the intervention group was 2.646 times, which was higher than that in the control group (P < .01). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that interventional measures and ethnicity were the influencing factors of the number of prenatal examinations for pregnant women in Linzhi after the adjustment of age, history of adverse pregnancy, education level, ethnicity, multiparity, gestational complications, and medical history. The number of prenatal examinations for the pregnant Tibetan women was 0.535 times lower compared with that of the pregnant Han women (95% CI: -0.089, 1.157, P = .091).Flexible forms of health education during the antenatal period can effectively increase the compliance of pregnant women in Tibet.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde/métodos , Cooperação do Paciente , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Rede Social , Tibet
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823476

RESUMO

Non-fullerene all-small-molecule organic solar cells (NFSM-OSCs) have shown potential as OSCs, owing to their high purity, easy synthesis and good reproducibility. However, challenges in the modulation of phase separation morphology have limited their development. Herein, two novel small molecular donors, BTEC-1F and BTEC-2F, derived from the small molecule DCAO3TBDTT, are synthesized. Using Y6 as the acceptor, devices based on non-fluorinated DCAO3TBDTT showed an open circuit voltage (Voc ) of 0.804 V and a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.64 %. Mono-fluorinated BTEC-1F showed an increased Voc of 0.870 V and a PCE of 11.33 %. The fill factor (FF) of di-fluorinated BTEC-2F-based NFSM-OSC was improved to 72.35 % resulting in a PCE of 13.34 %, which is higher than that of BTEC-1F (61.35 %) and DCAO3TBDTT (60.95 %). To our knowledge, this is the highest PCE for NFSM-OSCs. BTEC-2F had a more compact molecular stacking and a lower crystallinity which enhanced phase separation and carrier transport.

3.
Phytother Res ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782192

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered as the origin and driving cells of cancer, and play a key role in the progress of cancer. Studies have shown that capsaicin exerted inhibitory effect on prostate cancer cells, however, the effects of capsaicin on prostate CSCs remain undefined. In the present study, we showed that capsaicin could downregulate prostate CSCs markers and inhibit the growth of PC-3 and DU145 prostate cancer stem cells. Further, we found capsaicin suppressed the expression of Wnt-2, p-GSK3ß and ß-catenin, along with downregulation of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway target genes c-myc and cyclinD1. Using LiCl, a activator of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, we found activation of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway could ameliorate the downregulation of prostate CSCs markers and the growth inhibition induced by capsaicin in prostate cancer stem cells. Those data suggested that the inhibition effect of capsaicin on prostate cancer stem cells and the anti-cancer effect of capsaicin on prostate cancer stem cell may be mediated by Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Findings from this study reveals for the first time the potential role and mechanisms of capsaicin on prostate cancer stem cells.

4.
Adv Mater ; 31(39): e1902210, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411359

RESUMO

Ternary heterojunction strategies appear to be an efficient approach to improve the efficiency of organic solar cells (OSCs) through harvesting more sunlight. Ternary OSCs are fabricated by employing wide bandgap polymer donor (PM6), narrow bandgap nonfullerene acceptor (Y6), and PC71 BM as the third component to tune the light absorption and morphologies of the blend films. A record power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 16.67% (certified as 16.0%) on rigid substrate is achieved in an optimized PM6:Y6:PC71 BM blend ratio of 1:1:0.2. The introduction of PC71 BM endows the blend with enhanced absorption in the range of 300-500 nm and optimises interpenetrating morphologies to promote photogenerated charge dissociation and extraction. More importantly, a PCE of 14.06% for flexible ITO-free ternary OSCs is obtained based on this ternary heterojunction system, which is the highest PCE reported for flexible state-of-the-art OSCs. A very promising ternary heterojunction strategy to develop highly efficient rigid and flexible OSCs is presented.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(9): 15616-15624, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042325

RESUMO

Curcumin is a phytochemical which exhibits significant inhibitory effect in multiple cancers including prostate cancer. MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) was found to be a master tumor suppressor miRNA and regulated the growth of cancer cells. To date, however, the role of miR-34a in the anticancer action of curcumin against prostate cancer has been rarely reported. In the present study, we showed that curcumin altered the expression of cell cycle-related genes (cyclin D1, PCNA, and p21) and inhibited the proliferation of prostate cancer cells. Furthermore, we found that curcumin significantly upregulated the expression of miR-34a, along with the downregulated expression of ß-catenin and c-myc in three prostate cancer cell lines. Inhibition of miR-34a activated ß-catenin/c-myc axis, altered cell cycle-related genes expression and significantly suppressed the antiproliferation effect of curcumin in prostate cancer cells. Findings from this study revealed that miR-34a plays an important role in the antiproliferation effect of curcumin in prostate cancer.

6.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(20): 21052-21058, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144183

RESUMO

Bioaugmentation is an effective approach to remove the benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) from the environment, while its effect depends on the functional stability of the inoculated microorganisms. The aim of this study is to develop an approach on reducing the mutual exclusion of bacteria in the synthetic consortium in BaP degradation. Eight BaP-degrading bacterial strains were isolated from an enrichment with BaP as the sole carbon source. Two strains of Cupriavidus spp. exhibited greater degradation capacity (3.02-3.30 mg L-1 day-1) and selected as the "good degraders" in the synthetic consortia. Because of the mutual exclusion, the BaP-degradation capacity was reduced (1.47-1.77 mg L-1 day-1) when the other strains were added into "good degraders" through directly mixing the inocula. This mutual exclusion was mitigated through independent immobilization, in which the strains were embedded in sodium alginate before constructing the consortium. The consortium constructed by independent immobilization exhibited comparable BaP-degradation capacity with the high efficient strains. Therefore, the independent immobilization can be an advanced approach in functional consortium synthesis.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Benzo(a)pireno/metabolismo , Células Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo , Consórcios Microbianos , Alginatos , Bactérias/classificação , Biodegradação Ambiental , Células Imobilizadas/classificação , Cupriavidus/classificação , Cupriavidus/metabolismo
7.
Chem Asian J ; 14(9): 1472-1476, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806015

RESUMO

Development of low-cost water-/alcohol-soluble interfacial materials is a crucial issue to promote the commercialization of polymer solar cells (PSCs). Herein, two derivatives of low-cost rhodamine, called sulforhodamine 101 (SR101) and sulforhodamine B (SRB), are applied as cathode interfacial layers (CILs) to effectively improve the charge-carrier transportation and collection, reduce the work function (WF) of Al counter electrode, and decrease the series resistance and charge recombination in the PSCs. As a result, SR101-based devices show excellent performance with the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.10 %, superior to that of both the control devices with MeOH/Al and Ca/Al. Notably, sulforhodamine is commercially available with low cost and great solution-processability. This work demonstrates that sulforhodamine has a great potential as a CIL material,which is suitable for the large-area fabrication process and commercialization of highly efficient PSCs.

8.
Proc Inst Mech Eng H ; 233(2): 170-180, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565502

RESUMO

Biomaterials have been widely used for stomatological reconstructive surgery in recent years. Many studies have demonstrated that the porous structure of an implant promotes bone ingrowth and its stiffness can be controlled via the design of the porosity. Although some researchers have paid attention to investigating the porous structure for dental implants, the biomechanical properties and osseointegration have not been well studied. In this study, finite element analysis and experiments have been used to evaluate the biomechanical performance and osseointegration of dental implants with porous/solid structures fabricated by selective laser melting using commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti, Grade 2). The implants were tested and the fracture surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscope to investigate the failure mechanisms. To reduce bone resorption, the porosity of dental implant was designed to optimize its stiffness. Finally, animal experiments revealed that bone tissue ingrowth was seen into the porous structure. It is believed that the porous dental implants have great potential in future applications.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Lasers , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Estresse Mecânico , Animais , Teste de Materiais/instrumentação , Osseointegração , Porosidade , Coelhos
9.
Inorg Chem ; 57(15): 9266-9273, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989396

RESUMO

The C═S double bonds in CS2 and thioketones were catalytically cleaved by Pd dimeric complexes [(N∧N)2Pd2(NO3)2](NO3)2 (N∧N, 2,2'-bipyridine, 4,4'-dimethylbipyridine or 4,4'-bis(trifluoromethyl)) at room temperature in one pot to afford CO2 and ketones, respectively, for the first time. The mechanisms were fully investigated by kinetic NMR, isotope-labeled experiments, in situ ESI-MS, and DFT calculations. The reaction is involved a hydrolytic desulfurization process to generate C═O double bonds and a trinuclear cluster, which plays a pivotal role in the catalytic cycle to regenerate the dimeric catalysts with HNO3. Furthermore, the electronic properties of catalyst ligands possess significant influence on reaction rates and kinetic parameters. At the same temperature, the reaction rate is consistent with the order of electronegativity of N∧N ligands (4,4'-bis(trifluoromethyl) > 2,2'-bipyridine > 4,4'-dimethylbipyridine). This homogeneous catalytic reaction features mild conditions, a broad substrate scope, and operational simplicity, affording insight into the mechanism of catalytic activation of carbon sulfur bonds.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(26): 8064-8068, 2018 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920089

RESUMO

We herein present a facile and column-free synthetic route toward a structurally unique oxa-spirocyclic diphenol, termed as O-SPINOL. Features of the synthesis include the construction of the all-carbon quaternary center at an early stage, a key double intramolecular SNAr step to introduce the spirocycles and the feasibility of operating on >100 g scale. Both enantiomers of O-SPINOL can be easily accessed through optical resolution with l-proline by control of the solvent. The chiral tridentate ligand O-SpiroPAP derived from O-SPINOL has been successfully synthesized and applied in the iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of bridged biaryl lactones under mild reaction conditions, providing valuable and enantioenriched axially chiral molecules in excellent yields and enantioselectivities (up to 99% yield and >99% ee). This method represents a rare example of constructing axially chiral molecules by direct reduction of esters with H2.

11.
Adv Mater ; 30(26): e1800075, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29766587

RESUMO

All-solution-processing at low temperatures is important and desirable for making printed photovoltaic devices and also offers the possibility of a safe and cost-effective fabrication environment for the devices. Herein, an all-solution-processed flexible organic solar cell (OSC) using poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly-(styrenesulfonate) electrodes is reported. The all-solution-processed flexible devices yield the highest power conversion efficiency of 10.12% with high fill factor of over 70%, which is the highest value for metal-oxide-free flexible OSCs reported so far. The enhanced performance is attributed to the newly developed gentle acid treatment at room temperature that enables a high-performance PEDOT:PSS/plastic underlying substrate with a matched work function (≈4.91 eV), and the interface engineering that endows the devices with better interface contacts and improved hole mobility. Furthermore, the flexible devices exhibit an excellent mechanical flexibility, as indicated by a high retention (≈94%) of the initial efficiency after 1000 bending cycles. This work provides a simple route to fabricate high-performance all-solution-processed flexible OSCs, which is important for the development of printing, blading, and roll-to-roll technologies.

12.
Am J Transl Res ; 10(3): 684-695, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29636859

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The expression level and clinical significances of long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are presently unknown in the early-stage cervical cancer (CC). This study was aimed to explore the expression signatures of lncRNAs between normal and cervix carcinoma tissues and the prognostic value of LncRNAs in early-stage CC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients diagnosed with FIGO stage I-IIb CC of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 1st 2006 and December 31st 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Molecular microarray was conducted to identify differentially expression profiles of LncRNAs. In situ hybridization was applied for detection of candidate lncRNAs in cervical tissues. RESULTS: A total of 2574 upregulated lncRNAs and 3270 downregulated lncRNAs with significantly differential expression (≥2.0-fold) were identified. Among the differentially expressed lncRNAs, RP11-396F22.1 expression was one of the most significantly overexpressed in the CC tissues compared to nomal cervical tissues (P<0.001). In situ hybridization confirmed RP11-396F22.1 expression was highly expressed in cancerous tissues. The results of Scratch and Transwell test showed that the migration ability decreased remarkably in transfected group (P<0.001). Moreover, the coding gene cpne8 was significantly upregulated by RP11-396F22.1 knockdown (P=0.035). CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that LncRNA RP11-396F22.1 might be a potent biomarker for CC progression.

14.
Oncol Lett ; 15(4): 5584-5592, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29552195

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been acknowledged to serve a significant role in cancer biology and abnormal expression in tumors is frequently observed. However, their mechanisms in cervical cancer remain unclear. With a genome-wide analysis of lncRNA expression in cervical cancer tissues, the present study aimed to identify lncRNA targets for the further study of cervical cancer. To elucidate the specific role of lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of this type of cancer, 6 cervical cancer samples paired with normal cervical tissues were obtained. Expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs were constructed through microarray analysis and confirmed by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) methods. Gene Ontology and pathway enrichment analyses were performed with computational methods. On the basis of correlations between the differential expression levels of lncRNAs and mRNAs, a coding-non-coding gene co-expression network (CNC network) was established. The differential expression of 5,844 lncRNAs and 4,436 mRNAs were discovered in cervical cancer samples compared with normal cervical tissues. Among the differentially expressed lncRNAs, 14 were chosen at random and validated by RT-qPCR; the majority of the results measured were consistent with the microarray results. Furthermore, the lncRNA ENST00000551152 was found to be upregulated and TCO. NS_00001368 lncRNA was downregulated in cervical cancer cell lines. The CNC network included 592 network nodes and 934 associations between 12 lncRNAs and 580 protein-coding genes, indicating that one lncRNA could act on a maximum of 141 coding genes, and that one coding gene may corresponded with a maximum of 5 lncRNAs. Overall, the present study has provided a complete expression profile of lncRNAs and mRNAs in cervical cancer, which may now be used to establish a solid foundation for cervical cancer research. These results may provide significant information for improving the understanding of the pathogenesis of cervical cancer and indicate potential therapeutic targets.

15.
Cancer Res ; 78(4): 877-890, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29229603

RESUMO

Cancer spread to lymph nodes predicts poor survival but underlying mechanisms remain little understood. In this study, we show that overexpression of the long noncoding RNA LNMICC associates with lymph node metastasis of primary cervical cancer, where it serves as an independent high-risk factor in patient survival. Functional investigations demonstrated that LNMICC promoted lymph node metastasis by reprogramming fatty acid metabolism, by recruiting the nuclear factor NPM1 to the promoter of the fatty acid binding protein FABP5. We also found that the prometastatic effects of LNMICC were directly targeted and suppressed by miR-190. Our results establish a new mechanism of lymph node metastasis and highlight LNMICC as a candidate prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in cervical cancer.Significance: These results establish the role of a novel long noncoding RNA in lymph node metastasis, with implications as a candidate prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in cervical cancer. Cancer Res; 78(4); 877-90. ©2017 AACR.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29203488

RESUMO

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infection is highly endemic in China, but estimates of the infection burden are lacking. We established the incidence of CRE infection from a multicenter study that covered 25 tertiary hospitals in 14 provinces. CRE cases defined as carbapenem-nonsusceptible Citrobacter freundii, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, or Klebsiella pneumoniae infections during January to December 2015 were collected and reviewed from medical records. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and carbapenemase gene identification were performed. Among 664 CRE cases, most were caused by K. pneumoniae (73.9%), followed by E. coli (16.6%) and E. cloacae (7.1%). The overall CRE infection incidence per 10,000 discharges was 4.0 and differed significantly by region, with the highest in Jiangsu (14.97) and the lowest in Qinghai (0.34). Underlying comorbidities were found in 83.8% of patients; the median patient age was 62 years (range, 45 to 74 years), and 450 (67.8%) patients were male. Lower respiratory tract infections (65.4%) were the most common, followed by urinary tract infection (16.6%), intra-abdominal infection (7.7%), and bacteremia (7.7%). The overall hospital mortality rate was 33.5%. All isolates showed nonsusceptibility to carbapenems and cephalosporins. The susceptibility rate of polymyxin B was >90%. Tigecycline demonstrated a higher susceptibility rate against E. coli than against K. pneumoniae (90.9% versus 40.2%). Of 155 clinical isolates analyzed, 89% produced carbapenemases, with a majority of isolates producing KPC (50%) or NDM (33.5%)-type beta-lactamases among K. pneumoniae and E. coli The incidence of CRE infection in China was 4.0 per 10,000 discharges. The patient-based disease burden in tertiary hospitals in China is severe, suggesting an urgent need to enhance infection control.


Assuntos
Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/metabolismo , China , Citrobacter freundii/efeitos dos fármacos , Citrobacter freundii/metabolismo , Enterobacter cloacae/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterobacter cloacae/metabolismo , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Infecções por Klebsiella/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/metabolismo , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimixina B/farmacologia , Infecções Urinárias/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo
17.
J Cancer ; 8(5): 825-831, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28382145

RESUMO

Background & Aims: The long-term oncological outcome of Class I hysterectomy to treat stage IB1 cervical cancer is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the surgical and long-term oncological outcomes of Class I hysterectomy and Class III radical hysterectomy for treatment of stage IB1 cervical cancer (tumor ≤ 2 cm). Methods: Seventy stage IB1 cervical cancer patients (tumor ≤ 2 cm) underwent Class I hysterectomy and 577 stage IB1 cervical cancer patients (tumor ≤ 2 cm) underwent Class III radical hysterectomy were matched with known risk factors for recurrence by greedy algorithm. Clinical, pathologic and follow-up data were retrospectively collected. Five-year survival outcomes were assessed using Kaplan-Meier model. Results: After matching, a total of 70 patient pairs (Class I - Class III) were included. The median follow-up times were 75 (range, 26-170) months in the Class III group and 75 (range, 27-168) months in the Class I group. The Class I and Class III group had similar 5-year recurrence-free survival rates (RFS) (98.6% vs. 97.1%, P = 0.56) and overall survival rates (OS) (100.0% vs. 98.5%, P = 0.32). Compared with the Class III group, the Class I group resulted in significantly shorter operating time, less intra-operative blood loss, less intraoperative complications, less postoperative complications, and shorter hospital stay. Conclusions: These findings suggest that Class I hysterectomy is an oncological safe alternative to Class III radical hysterectomy in treatment of stage IB1 cervical cancer (tumor ≤ 2 cm) and Class I hysterectomy is associated with fewer perioperative complication and earlier recovery.

18.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 35(1): 170, 2016 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27793172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TRIM62 (tripartite motif containing 62) has been found to act as a tumor suppressor of several cancers. However, its precise biological role and related mechanism remain unknown in cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: Quantitative Real-time PCR and western blot were adopted to detect the mRNA and protein expression level of TRIM62 in both human CC cell lines and tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure the TRIM62 expression in 30 normal cervical and 189 CC tissues. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses performed to investigate the association between TRIM62 expression and CC patients' prognosis. The effect of TRIM62 on CC growth and metastasis was studied in vitro and in vivo. Multi-pathway reporter array were utilized to identify the potential signaling manipulated by TRIM62. RESULTS: TRIM62 was frequently down-regulated in both human CC cells and tissues. Low expression of TRIM62 in CC tissues was associated with aggressive clinicopathological features of CC patients. In addition, TRIM62 was also an independent poor prognostic factor for overall and disease-free survival of CC patients after surgery. Moreover, enforced expression of TRIM62 in CC cells significantly inhibited their abilities of proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro. Besides, subcutaneous xenograft tumor model and xenograft mouse metastatic model respectively displayed that TRIM62 impeded the growth and metastasis of CC in vivo. Furthermore, mechanism study exhibited that TRIM62 could suppress epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by inhibiting c-Jun/Slug signaling. The inhibitory role of TRIM62 in tumor proliferation might be through regulating cell cycle related proteins CyclinD1 and P27 by targeting c-Jun. CONCLUSION: TRIM62 is a potential prognostic biomarker in CC and suppresses metastasis of CC via inhibiting c-Jun/Slug signaling-mediated EMT.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-jun/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Metástase Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
19.
Tumour Biol ; 37(11): 14873-14883, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27644245

RESUMO

Fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) was found in our previous study to be a potential biomarker for lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer. However, the roles of FABP5 in cervical cancer remain unclear. In the present study, FABP5 expression was found to be significantly upregulated in cervical cancer tissues, and high FABP5 expression was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis, lymphovascular space invasion, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, and tumor size. Moreover, FABP5 was an independent factor for poor prognosis in cervical cancer patients. Silencing of FABP5 inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, cell migration, and invasion in vitro. Furthermore, FABP5 silencing significantly reduced tumor growth and lung metastases in a murine allograft model in vivo. In addition, FABP5 silencing decreased the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, these findings indicated that FABP5 plays an important role in the carcinogenesis and metastasis of cervical cancer, and FABP5 may be a novel predictor for prognostic assessment of cervical cancer patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Metástase Linfática , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/biossíntese , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/biossíntese , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Prognóstico , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
20.
Oncol Rep ; 35(6): 3185-97, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27035672

RESUMO

Pelvic lymph node metastasis (PLNM) is an independent prognostic parameter and determines the treatment strategies of cervical cancer. Increasing evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial role in the process of tumor biological functions. This study aimed to mine lymph node metastasis-associated lncRNAs and investigate their potential pathophysiological mechanism in cervical cancer lymph node metastasis. We applied the lncRNA-mining approach to identify lncRNA transcripts represented on Affymetrix human genome U133 plus 2.0 microarrays from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and then by validation in clinical specimens. The biological role and molecular mechanism of these lncRNAs were predicted by bioinformatic analysis. Subsequently, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and survival curve were conducted to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of candidate lncRNAs. In total, 234 differentially expressed lncRNAs were identified to significantly associate with pelvic lymph node metastasis in early-stage cervical cancer. Our qRT-PCR results were consistent with the mining analysis (P<0.05). The functional enrichment analysis suggested that these lncRNAs may be involved in the biological process of lymph node metastasis. The ROC curves demonstrated satisfactory discrimination power of MIR100HG and AC024560.2 with areas under the curve of 0.801 and 0.837, respectively. Survival curve also indicated that patients with high MIR100HG expression had a tendency of poor prognosis. This is the first study to successfully mine the lncRNA expression patterns in PLNM of early-stage cervical cancer. MIR100HG and AC024560.2 may be a potential biomarkers of PLNM and these lncRNAs may provide broader perspective for combating cervical cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
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