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1.
Biomaterials ; 266: 120430, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011679

RESUMO

Immunogenic photodynamic therapy (PDT) has the potential to moderate the shortfalls of cancer immunotherapy. However, its efficacy is severely limited particularly because of the lack of optimal photosensitizers and smart delivery processes and the inherent shortcomings of PDT (e.g., hypoxia resistance). Here, we demonstrate a clinically promising approach that utilizes a water-soluble phthalocyanine derivative (PcN4) concomitantly delivered with a hypoxia-activated prodrug (AQ4N) to amplify the effect of PDT and enhance cancer immunotherapy. After intravenous injection, PcN4 selectively interacted with endogenous albumin dimers and formed supramolecular complexes, providing a facile and green approach for tumor-targeted PDT. The concomitant delivery of AQ4N overcame the limitations of hypoxia in PDT and improved the antitumor activity of PDT. Treatment with PcN4-mediated and AQ4N-amplified PDT almost completely eradicated sizable primary tumors in a triple-negative breast cancer model and significantly activated CD8+ T cells. As the majority of tumor infiltrating CD8+ T cells were both PD-1- and TIM3-positive, additional combination therapy using PD-L1/PD-1 pathway blockade was warranted. After combination with immune checkpoint blockade treatment, an enhanced abscopal effect was achieved in both distant and metastatic tumors.

2.
Bioeng Transl Med ; : e10202, 2020 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349797

RESUMO

The S1 subunit of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein contains an immunogenic receptor-binding domain (RBD), which is a promising candidate for the development of a potential vaccine. This study demonstrated that intradermal delivery of an S-RBD vaccine using a dissolvable microneedle skin patch can induce both significant B-cell and significant T-cell responses against S-RBD. Importantly, the outcomes were comparable to that of conventional bolus injection.

3.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 213: 112086, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232881

RESUMO

With a view to developing highly efficient photosensitizers for both antitumor and antimicrobial photodynamic therapies, herein, we reported a super cationic zinc(II) phthalocyanine (Pc4), which was prepared through the quaternization of the N, N-dimethyl-3-aminophenoxyl-hexadeca-substituted precursor Pc3. Meanwhile, two disubstituted analogues (Pc1 and Pc2) were also prepared as controls. The cationic Pc2 and Pc4 had higher photoactivities including fluorescence and singlet oxygen than the neutral counterparts Pc1 and Pc3, probably because of the inhibition of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) effect of the amino groups. With the bulky steric effect and high hydrophilicity, Pc4 presented non-aggregated behavior in aqueous solutions. Therefore, it exhibited the highest in vitro photodynamic activity toward HepG2 cancer cells with an IC50 value as low as 0.04 µM. Furthermore, Pc4 showed a highly efficient in vivo PDT effect on H22 tumor-bearing mice with 98.7% tumor growth inhibition. In addition, Pc4 also exhibited an excellent in vitro and in vivo photodynamic inactivation against S. aureus. The results indicate that the non-aggregated hexadeca-cationic Pc4 could serve as a promising photosensitizer for both antitumor and antimicrobial photodynamic therapies.

4.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Waning immunity occurs in patients who have recovered from COVID-19. However, it remains unclear whether true re-infection occurs. METHODS: Whole genome sequencing was performed directly on respiratory specimens collected during two episodes of COVID-19 in a patient. Comparative genome analysis was conducted to differentiate re-infection from persistent viral shedding. Laboratory results, including RT-PCR Ct values and serum SARS-CoV-2 IgG, were analyzed. RESULTS: The second episode of asymptomatic infection occurred 142 days after the first symptomatic episode in an apparently immunocompetent patient. During the second episode, there was serological evidence of elevated C-reactive protein and SARS-CoV-2 IgG seroconversion. Viral genomes from first and second episodes belong to different clades/lineages. Compared to viral genomes in GISAID, the first virus genome has a stop codon at position 64 of orf8 leading to a truncation of 58 amino acids, and was phylogenetically closely related to strains collected in March/April 2020, while the second virus genome was closely related to strains collected in July/August 2020. Another 23 nucleotide and 13 amino acid differences located in 9 different proteins, including positions of B and T cell epitopes, were found between viruses from the first and second episodes. CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiological, clinical, serological and genomic analyses confirmed that the patient had re-infection instead of persistent viral shedding from first infection. Our results suggest SARS-CoV-2 may continue to circulate among the human populations despite herd immunity due to natural infection or vaccination. Further studies of patients with re-infection will shed light on protective correlates important for vaccine design.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(7): 510, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641749

RESUMO

Inflammatory factors and activation of oncogenes both played critical roles in the development and progression of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the interplay between these two has not been well studied. In this study, we found that regulated by TNFα, Pim-2 proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (PIM2) was highly expressed in HCC and correlated with poor prognosis (P = 0.007) as well as tumor recurrence (P = 0.014). Functional studies showed that PIM2 could enhance abilities of cell proliferation, cell motility, angiogenesis, chemo-resistance, and in vivo tumorigenicity and HCC metastasis. Mechanistic studies revealed that PIM2 could activate NF-κB signaling pathway through upregulating phosphorylation level of RIPK2. Interestingly, TNFα treatment could induce the expression of PIM2, and overexpression of PIM2 could in turn upregulate the expression of TNFα in HCC cells. More importantly, we found the expression level of PIM2 increased with the progression of liver cirrhosis, and PIM kinase inhibitor AZD1208 treatment could effectively attenuate HCC cells' tumorigenic ability both in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our study revealed the interaction between an inflammatory factor and a proto-oncogene that contributed to tumorigenesis and progression of HCC, and PIM kinase inhibition may serve as a therapeutic target in the treatment of HCC.

8.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 506, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581678

RESUMO

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Currently, there is no promising treatment that improves prognosis significantly. While a thorough investigation of the pathological process within the primary site of injury in the brain has been conducted by the research field, the focus was mainly on gray matter injury, which partly accounted for the failure of discovery of clinically efficacious treatments. It is not until recent years that white matter (WM) injury in the brain after subcortical ICH was examined. As WM tracts form networks between different regions, damage to fibers should impair brain connectivity, resulting in functional impairment. Although WM changes have been demonstrated in the brain after ICH, alterations distant from the initial injury site down in the spinal cord are unclear. This longitudinal study, for the first time, revealed prolonged morphological changes of the contralesional dorsal corticospinal tract (CST) in the spinal cord 5 weeks after experimental ICH in mice by confocal microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, implying that the structural integrity of the CST was compromised extensively after ICH. Given the important role of CST in motor function, future translational studies targeting motor recovery should delineate the treatment effects on CST integrity.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7798, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385319

RESUMO

Marine tetrapods quickly diversified and were established as marine top predators after the end-Permian Mass extinction (EPME). Ichthyosaurs were the forerunner of this rapid radiation but the main drivers of the diversification are poorly understood. Cartorhynchus lenticarpus is a basal ichthyosauriform with the least degree of aquatic adaptation, holding a key to identifying such a driver. The unique specimen appeared edentulous based on what was exposed but a CT scanning revealed that the species indeed had rounded teeth that are nearly perpendicular to the jaw rami, and thus completely concealed in lateral view. There are three dental rows per jaw ramus, and the root lacks infoldings of the dentine typical of ichthyopterygians. The well-developed and worn molariform dentition with three tooth rows supports the previous inference that the specimen is not of a juvenile. The premaxilla and the corresponding part of the dentary are edentulous. Molariform dentition evolved three to five times independently within Ichthyosauriformes in the Early and Middle Triassic. Convergent exploitation of hard-shelled invertebrates by different subclades of ichthyosauriforms likely fueled the rapid taxonomic diversification of the group after EPME.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Dentição , Extinção Biológica , Fósseis , Paleontologia , Pleurodeles , Animais , Pleurodeles/anatomia & histologia , Dente/anatomia & histologia , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(12): 127164, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291134

RESUMO

To develop a highly efficient photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT), we have designed and synthesized a phthalocyanine-lactose conjugate (Pc-Lac) through axial modification of silicon(IV) phthalocyanine with lactose moieties. With the lactose substituents, Pc-Lac is highly hydrophilic and non-aggregated with efficient reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in aqueous media. With these desirable properties, Pc-Lac shows high photocytotoxicity and cellular uptake toward HepG2 cells. In addition, in vivo fluorescence imaging shows that Pc-Lac could selectively remain at tumor site, leading to its enhanced photodynamic efficacy against H22 tumor-bearing mice. Therefore, Pc-Lac shows a great potential as a highly efficient molecular photosensitizer for PDT.

11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1817, 2020 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286311

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DCs) constitute a specialized population of immune cells that present exogenous antigen (Ag) on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules to initiate CD8 + T cell responses against pathogens and tumours. Although cross-presentation depends critically on the trafficking of Ag-containing intracellular vesicular compartments, the molecular machinery that regulates vesicular transport is incompletely understood. Here, we demonstrate that mice lacking Kif5b (the heavy chain of kinesin-1) in their DCs exhibit a major impairment in cross-presentation and thus a poor in vivo anti-tumour response. We find that kinesin-1 critically regulates antigen cross-presentation in DCs, by controlling Ag degradation, the endosomal pH, and MHC-I recycling. Mechanistically, kinesin-1 appears to regulate early endosome maturation by allowing the scission of endosomal tubulations. Our results highlight kinesin-1's role as a molecular checkpoint that modulates the balance between antigen degradation and cross-presentation.


Assuntos
Apresentação do Antígeno/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo , Cinesina/metabolismo , Ácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Proliferação de Células , Endocitose , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/metabolismo , Cinesina/deficiência , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Solubilidade
12.
Bioconjug Chem ; 31(5): 1438-1448, 2020 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255337

RESUMO

Fabrication of a multifunctional near-infrared (NIR) theranostic nanoplatform has attracted increasing attention. Indocyanine green (ICG), a clinic-approved NIR fluorescence-imaging agent, is an excellent photothermal agent candidate. However, the stability and tumor targeting are still great obstacles for its wide application. In this work, C-phycocyanin (CPC) as a tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) targeted vehicle was used to fabricate noncovalent ICG conjugate of CPC (ICG@CPC) via self-assembly in aqueous media. Compared to free ICG, ICG@CPC displays improved stabilities in aqueous solutions and under light irradiation and threefold increase in photothermal conversion efficiency. The in vitro results indicated that ICG@CPC could be selectively internalized into J774A.1 cells via SR-A-mediated endocytosis and lead to enhanced photocytotoxicity against J774A.1 cells. In vivo results showed that ICG@CPC had significantly improved drug accumulation in the tumor and photothermal therapeutic efficacy relative to ICG alone. This study for the first time utilizes CPC as a TAMs-targeted nanocarrier for ICG and may promote further rational design of ICG-based photothermal nanodrugs for precise and efficient cancer theranosis.

13.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 19: 1098-1109, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059336

RESUMO

In vitro transcribed mRNAs hold the promises of many medical applications in disease prevention and treatment, such as replacement or supplement of missing or inadequately expressed endogenous proteins and as preventive vaccines against infectious diseases, therapeutic vaccines, or other protein-based biopharmaceutics for cancer therapy. A safe and efficient delivery system for mRNA is crucial to the success of mRNA therapeutic applications. In this study, we report that InstantFECT, a liposome-based transfection reagent, can pack pseudouridine-incorporated mRNA into nanocomplexes that are highly efficient in mediating in vivo transfection in multiple organs after local delivery. High levels of expression of EGFP and luciferase reporters after intratumoral and intramuscular injections were observed, which lasted for up to 96 hrs. Immunogenicity of antigens encoded by mRNA delivered with nanocomplex was investigated by subcutaneous delivery of modified mRNAs encoding Staphylococcus aureus adenosine synthase A (AdsA) and a model tumor-associated antigen ovalbumin (OVA). Strong T cell responses were provoked by both mRNAs delivered. Therapeutic and protective treatment with the OVA mRNA-liposome nanocomplex significantly inhibited B16-OVA tumor progression and increased mouse survival. There was no sign of obvious toxicity related to the treatment both in tissue culture and in mice. An intravenous injection of the same dosage of the modified mRNA-lipid nanocomplex showed minimal transfection in major organs, indicating an excellent safety feature as the gene transfer occurred only at the injection sites, whereas intravenous (i.v.) injection with the same amount of mRNA complexed with a commercial transfection reagent Trans-IT showed luciferase expression in the spleen. In summary, InstantFECT cationic liposomes provide a safe and efficient in vivo locoregional delivery of mRNA and could be a useful tool for basic research and for the development of mRNA-based therapies.

14.
Theranostics ; 9(22): 6412-6423, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588226

RESUMO

Targeted delivery of therapeutic agents is of particular interest in the field of cancer treatment. However, there is an urgent need for developing clinically promising targeting approaches that can be readily administered in a green manner. Methods: Five phthalocyanine derivatives bearing different anionic and cationic groups were designed and synthesized. Then, their binding affinity with albumin were studied using gel assays, optical spectra and computational simulation. Finally, in vitro and in vivo fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy (PDT) evaluations were carried out. Results: The two positively charged compounds could selectively bind to albumin dimer over albumin monomer, while the three negatively charged phthalocyanines could bind to both albumin monomer and dimer. Following systemic administration, the phthalocyanines show improved tumor accumulation via transport by natural albumin. PDT evaluations indicate that one of the positively charged compounds, ZnPcN4, shows outstanding phototherapeutic efficacy against tumors in preclinical models. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that the use of water-soluble phthalocyanines as photosensitizers and in vivo albumin as a natural carrier may provide a green and efficient approach for tumor-targeted imaging and therapy.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Indóis/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Células HT29 , Humanos , Indóis/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacocinética , Multimerização Proteica , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica Humana/química , Solubilidade , Distribuição Tecidual , Água , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
PeerJ ; 7: e7561, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565558

RESUMO

A new species of ichthyosauriform is recognized based on 20 specimens, including nearly complete skeletons, and named Chaohusaurus brevifemoralis. A part of the specimens was previously identified as Chaohusaurus chaoxianensis and is herein reassigned to the new species. The new species differs from existing species of Chaohusaurus in a suite of features, such as the bifurcation of the caudal peak neural spine and a short femur relative to trunk length. The specimens include both complete and partially disarticulated skulls, allowing rigorous scrutiny of cranial sutures. For example, the squamosal does not participate in the margin of the upper temporal fenestra despite previous interpretations. Also, the frontal unequivocally forms a part of the anterior margin of the upper temporal fenestra, forming the most medial part of the anterior terrace. The skull of the holotype largely retains three-dimensionality with the scleral rings approximately in situ, revealing that the eyeball was uncovered in two different directions, that is, laterally and slightly dorsally through the main part of the orbit, and dorsally through the medial extension of the orbit into the skull roof. This skull construction is likely a basal feature of Ichthyosauromorpha. Phylogenetic analyses place the new species as a sister taxon of Chaohusaurus chaoxianensis.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 36435-36443, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525892

RESUMO

Self-assembled phototheranostic nanomaterials used for photodynamic therapy (PDT) have attracted increasing attention owing to their several advantages. Herein, we developed a novel strategy for size-tunable self-assembled nanophotosensitizers for PDT through a simple method. A series of switchable self-assembled nanophotosensitizers (NanoPc90, NanoPc40, NanoPc20, and NanoPc10) of different particle sizes were readily prepared based on an amphiphilic silicon(IV) phthalocyanine (SiPc)-biotin conjugate by regulating the amount of the Cremophor EL surfactant used. The photoactivities, including fluorescence and reactive oxygen species (ROS), of the self-assemblies could be regulated by the particle size. The self-assemblies could be specifically disassembled by tumor-overexpressing biotin receptors, leading to the recovery of quenched photoactivities. Demonstrated by the competitive assay, the self-assemblies were able to enter HepG2 cells through a biotin-receptor-mediated pathway, followed by biotin-receptor-triggered fluorescence recovery at the cellular level. Moreover, the particle size could also affect the in vitro and in vivo PDT effects and tumor targeting. The photocytotoxicity of NanoPc20 against HepG2 cells was more potent compared to that of NanoPc90 because of its strong intracellular fluorescence, higher intracellular ROS generation, and different subcellular localization. In addition, NanoPc20 showed higher in vivo tumor targeting and photodynamic therapeutic efficacy than NanoPc90. This work would provide a valuable reference for the development of self-assembled nanophotosensitizers for cancer diagnosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Biotina/química , Indóis/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Avidina/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorescência , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
17.
mSphere ; 4(5)2019 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484738

RESUMO

The demand for a prophylactic vaccine against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has motivated numerous dedicated research groups to design and develop such a vaccine. In this study, we have developed a multivalent vaccine, Sta-V5, composed of five conserved antigens involved in three important virulence mechanisms. This prototype vaccine conferred up to 100% protection against multiple epidemiologically relevant S. aureus isolates in five different murine disease models. The vaccine not only elicits functional antibodies that mediate opsonophagocytic killing of S. aureus but also mounts robust antigen-specific T-cell responses. In addition, our data implied that γδ T cells contribute to the protection induced by Sta-V5 in a murine skin infection model.IMPORTANCE Staphylococcus aureus infections, especially MRSA infections, are becoming a major global health issue and are resulting in mortality rates that are increasing every year. However, an effective vaccine is lacking due to the complexity of the infection process of S. aureus In this study, we found that the addition of two novel protein components to three well-studied vaccine candidates significantly improved the efficacy of the combined vaccine. Furthermore, the five-component vaccine not only elicits a robust antibody response but also induces cytokine secretion by T cells, making it a promising vaccine candidate to fill the void.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Antiestafilocócicas/imunologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Sepse , Pele/imunologia , Pele/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Vacinas Antiestafilocócicas/genética , Staphylococcus aureus
18.
iScience ; 13: 82-97, 2019 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826728

RESUMO

N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR) is highly compartmentalized in neurons, and its dysfunction has been implicated in various neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Recent failure to exploit NMDAR antagonization as a potential therapeutic target has driven the need to identify molecular mechanisms that regulate NMDAR compartmentalization. Here, we report that the reduction of Kif5b, the heavy chain of kinesin-1, protected neurons against NMDA-induced excitotoxicity and ischemia-provoked neurodegeneration. Direct binding of kinesin-1 to the GluN2B cytoplasmic tails regulated the levels of NMDAR at extrasynaptic sites and the subsequent influx of calcium mediated by extrasynaptic NMDAR by regulating the insertion of NMDARs into neuronal surface. Transient increase of Kif5b restored the surface levels of NMDAR and the decreased neuronal susceptibility to NMDA-induced excitotoxicity. The expression of Kif5b was repressed in cerebral ischemia preconditioning. Our findings reveal that kinesin-1 regulates extrasynaptic NMDAR targeting and signaling, and the reduction of kinesin-1 could be exploited to defer neurodegeneration.

19.
Antiviral Res ; 161: 125-133, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30503888

RESUMO

Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among the children and the elderly. Despite extensive efforts, there is currently no formally approved vaccine and effective antiviral options against HRSV infection are limited. The development of vaccines and antiviral strategies for HRSV was partly hampered by the lack of an efficient lethal mouse model to evaluate the efficacy of the candidate vaccines or antivirals. In this study, we established a lethal HRSV mouse model by consecutively passaging a clinical HRSV isolate, GZ08-0. GZ08-18 was isolated from mouse bronchioalveolar lavage fluids at the 50th passage of GZ08-0. Importantly, all GZ08-18-inoculated mice succumbed to the infection by day 7 post infection, whereas all GZ08-0-inoculated mice recovered from the infection. Subsequent investigations demonstrated that GZ08-18 replicated to a higher titer in mouse lungs, induced more prominent lung pathology, and resulted in higher expression levels of a number of key pro-inflammatory cytokines including IFN-γ, MIP-1α, and TNF-α in comparison to that of GZ08-0. The cyclophosphamide pretreatment rendered the mice more susceptible to a lethal outcome with less rounds of virus inoculation. Full genome sequencing revealed 17 mutations in GZ08-18, some of which might account for the dramatically increased pathogenicity over GZ08-0. In addition, by using ribavirin as a positive control, we demonstrated the potential application of this lethal mouse model as a tool in HRSV investigations. Overall, we have successfully established a practical lethal mouse model for HRSV with a mouse-adapted virus, which may facilitate future in vivo studies on the evaluation of candidate vaccines and drugs against HRSV.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/mortalidade , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/patogenicidade , Animais , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular , Ciclofosfamida/farmacologia , Genoma Viral , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mutação , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/tratamento farmacológico , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/fisiologia , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Replicação Viral
20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(3): 1366-1372, 2019 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565924

RESUMO

Albumin is a promising candidate as a biomarker for potential disease diagnostics and has been extensively used as a drug delivery carrier for decades. In these two directions, many albumin-detecting probes and exogenous albumin-based nanocomposite delivery systems have been developed. However, there are only a few cases demonstrating the specific interactions of exogenous probes with albumin in vivo, and nanocomposite delivery systems usually suffer from tedious fabrication processes and potential toxicity of the complexes. Herein, we demonstrate a facile "one-for-all" switchable nanotheranostic (NanoPcS) for both albumin detection and cancer treatment. In particular, the in vivo specific binding between albumin and PcS, arising from the disassembly of injected NanoPcS, is confirmed using an inducible transgenic mouse system. Fluorescence imaging and antitumor tests on different tumor models suggest that NanoPcS has superior tumor-targeting ability and the potential for time-modulated, activatable photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Humanos , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/metabolismo , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Camundongos Transgênicos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/metabolismo , Gravidez , Ligação Proteica , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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