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1.
Hypertens Res ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051566

RESUMO

We investigated blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in white-coat, masked and sustained hypertension in untreated patients (n = 645). Normotension and white-coat, masked, and sustained hypertension were defined according to the clinic (cutoff 140/90 mmHg) and 24-h ambulatory (130/80 mmHg) BPs. The Finometer device recorded beat-to-beat finger BP and electrocardiograms in the supine and standing positions for the computation of frequency-domain power-spectral BP and heart rate variability indexes and BRS. In multivariate analysis, BP variability indexes in the supine position differed significantly (P < 0.0001) for both low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) components and the LF/HF ratio, with the lowest LF and HF power and highest LF/HF ratio in white-coat hypertension (n = 28), the highest LF and HF power and lowest LF/HF ratio in sustained hypertension (n = 198), and intermediate values in normotension (n = 189) and masked hypertension (n = 230). These differences diminished in the standing position, being significant (P < 0.0001) only for the LF component variability. The LF/HF ratio in BP in the supine position decreased with advancing age in normotension and sustained hypertension (P ≤ 0.03) but not white-coat or masked hypertension (P ≥ 0.12). For heart rate variability, a significant difference was observed only for the LF component in the supine position (P = 0.0005), which was lowest in white-coat hypertension. BRS in masked and sustained hypertension was significantly (P ≤ 0.0001) lower than that in normotension in both supine and standing positions and decreased with advancing age (P ≤ 0.0001). In conclusion, masked, but not white-coat, hypertension showed similar patterns of, but slightly less severe, changes in BP and heart rate variability and BRS to sustained hypertension.

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(7): 707-717, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effects of long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is rare for populations exposed to high levels of PM2.5 in China and in other countries with similarly high levels. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the CVD risks associated with long-term exposure to PM2.5 in China. METHODS: A nationwide cohort study, China-PAR (Prediction for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk in China), was used, with 116,972 adults without CVD in 2000 being included. Participants were followed until 2015. Satellite-based PM2.5 concentrations at 1-km spatial resolution during the study period were used for exposure assessment. A Cox proportional hazards model with time-varying exposures was used to estimate the CVD risks associated with PM2.5 exposure, adjusting for individual risk factors. RESULTS: Annual mean concentrations of PM2.5 at the China-PAR sites ranged from 25.5 to 114.0 µg/m3. For each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 exposures, the multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio was 1.251 (95% confidence interval: 1.220 to 1.283) for CVD incidence and 1.164 (95% confidence interval: 1.117 to 1.213) for CVD mortality. The slopes of concentration-response functions of PM2.5 exposure and CVD risks were steeper at high PM2.5 levels. In addition, older residents, rural residents, and never smokers were more prone to adverse effects of PM2.5 exposure. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that elevated long-term PM2.5 exposures lead to increased CVD risk in China. The effects are more pronounced at higher PM2.5 levels. These findings expand the current knowledge on adverse health effects of severe air pollution and highlight the potential cardiovascular benefits of air quality improvement in China and other low- and middle-income countries.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 49(4): 1325-1333, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913396

RESUMO

The construction of nanoporous structure combined with the optimization of electronic structure toward electrocatalysts could be a promising and effective approach to boosting their catalytic performance. Herein, we rationally synthesized a novel Ni3+-doped ultrathin NiZn layered double hydroxide nanomesh supported on nickel foam (Ni(ii,iii)Zn-LDH/NF-nm) by a facile one-step methanol-assisted hydrothermal method. Results show that methanol can not only trigger the generation of ultrathin nanomesh structure, but adjust portion of Ni2+ to Ni3+ and thus to result in the Ni3+-doped NiZn-LDH nanomesh material. The nanoporous feature endows Ni(ii,iii)Zn-LDH/NF-nm with abundant exposed catalytic active sites and fast mass transfer for alkaline water electrolysis. More importantly, the Ni3+ doping can facilitate the available formation of highly active NiOOH phase on the surface for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), accompanied by increased oxygen vacancies that can greatly enhance the electronic conductivity, leading to the improved intrinsic activity and the accelerated electrocatalytic OER reaction kinetics. As expected, the as-prepared Ni(ii,iii)Zn-LDH/NF-nm has relatively low overpotentials of 320 and 370 mV to drive large current densities of 100 and 500 mA cm-2, respectively, and a small Tafel slope of 63.9 mV dec-1, extremely superior to RuO2/NF and NiZn-LDH/NF-ns counterpart. Meanwhile, the electrolyzer assembled for overall water splitting by Ni(ii,iii)Zn-LDH/NF-nm yields the outstanding catalytic activity and stability. This work highlights a feasible strategy to design and develop high-efficiency water splitting electrocatalysts via engineering on composition and nanostructure.

4.
Prev Chronic Dis ; 17: E09, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999540

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The relationship between blood pressure categories and all-cause mortality has not been fully addressed in cohort studies, especially in the general Chinese population. Our study aimed to assess the sex-specific association of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and 2017 United States hypertension guidelines with all-cause mortality in China. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 13,760 rural Chinese adults aged 18 or older (41.1% men). Mean age overall was 49.4, 51.0 for men, and 48.3 for women. We analyzed the blood pressure-mortality relationship by using restricted cubic splines and Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis, estimating hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 5.95 years, 710 people died (60.3% men) from any cause. We found a U-shaped SBP-mortality or DBP-mortality relationship for both sexes. Mortality risk was increased for men with SBP 120-139 mm Hg (adjusted HR [aHR], 1.42; 95% CI, 1.10-1.82) or ≥140 mm Hg (aHR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.54-2.72), and for DBP ≥90 mm Hg (aHR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.10-2.13) as compared with SBP 100-119 mm Hg or DBP 70-79 mm Hg. Mortality risk also was increased for men with blood pressure status defined according to 2017 US hypertension guidelines as elevated, SBP 120-129 and DBP >80 mm Hg (aHR 1.48; 95% CI,1.11-1.98); stage 1 hypertension, SBP/DBP 130-139/80-89 mm Hg (aHR 1.53; CI, 1.19-1.97); and stage 2 hypertension, SBP/DBP ≥140/90 mm Hg (aHR 1.83; CI, 1.33-2.51). No significant relationship was observed for women. CONCLUSION: Elevated blood pressure and stages 1 and 2 hypertension were positively associated with all-cause mortality for men but not women in rural China.

5.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319894685, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914807

RESUMO

AIMS: The role of tea consumption in the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains unclear in cohort studies. This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate the associations of tea consumption with the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. METHODS: We included 100,902 general Chinese adults from the project of Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (China-PAR) in 15 provinces across China since 1998. Information on tea consumption was collected through standardized questionnaires. Outcomes were identified by interviewing study participants or their proxies, and checking hospital records and/or death certificates. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals related to tea consumption. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, 3683 atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events, 1477 atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease deaths, and 5479 all-cause deaths were recorded. Compared with never or non-habitual tea drinkers, the hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval among habitual tea drinkers was 0.80 (0.75-0.87), 0.78 (0.69-0.88), and 0.85 (0.79-0.90) for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease incidence, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease mortality, and all-cause mortality, respectively. Habitual tea drinkers had 1.41 years longer of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease-free years and 1.26 years longer of life expectancy at the index age of 50 years. The observed inverse associations were strengthened among participants who kept the habit during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Tea consumption was associated with reduced risks of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, especially among those consistent habitual tea drinkers.

6.
Nanoscale ; 12(3): 2063-2070, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912846

RESUMO

Bridging S22- moieties have been demonstrated to be highly active sites existing in metal polysulfides for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), thus the incorporation of high-density bridging S22- into a Ni3S2 material to improve its electrocatalytic HER performance is highly desirable and challenging. Herein, we report a novel Ni3S2 nanorod array decorated with (020)-oriented VS4 nanocrystals grown on nickel foam (Shig-NS-rod/NF) via a simple and facile solvothermal method. Results show that the in situ incorporation of VS4 not only triggers the formation of such a nanorod array structure, but also contributes to the uniform grafting of high-density and high catalytically active bridging S22- sites on the interface between Ni3S2 and VS4 for enhanced HER activity, and also promotes the absorption ability of OH- radicals and thus accelerates the HER Volmer step in alkaline media. As expected, the resultant Shig-NS-rod/NF material exhibits impressive catalytic performance toward the HER, with a much lower overpotential of 137 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and a long-term durability for at least 22 h, and is superior to Ni3S2 nanorod arrays with low-density bridging S22- (Slow-NS-rod/NF) and NS-film/NF counterparts (without VS4), even outperforming the NF-supported 20% Pt/C at a large current density of over 120 mA cm-2. Our findings put forward fresh insight into the rational design of highly efficient electrocatalysts toward the HER for green hydrogen fuel production.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 34, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949128

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and lethal malignancies worldwide, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial factor affecting HCC progression and metastasis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been validated to act as critical regulators of biological processes in various tumors. Herein, we attempted to elucidate the uncharacterized function and mechanism of lncRNA DLGAP1-AS1 in regulating tumorigenesis and EMT of HCC. In our study, DLGAP1-AS1 was shown to be upregulated in HCC cell lines and capable to promote HCC progression and EMT. Besides, DLGAP1-AS1 was proven to serve as a molecular sponge to sequester the HCC-inhibitory miRNAs, miR-26a-5p and miR-26b-5p, thus enhancing the level of an oncogenic cytokine IL-6, which could activate JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and reciprocally elevate the transcriptional activity of DLGAP1-AS1, thus forming a positive feedback loop. Moreover, we elaborated that the cancerogenic effects of DLGAP1-AS1 in HCC cells could be effectuated via activating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway by positively regulating CDK8 and LRP6, downstream genes of miR-26a/b-5p. In conclusion, our results demonstrated the detailed molecular mechanism of DLGAP1-AS1 in facilitating HCC progression and EMT in vitro and in vivo, and suggested the potentiality of DLGAP1-AS1 as a therapeutic target for HCC.

8.
ChemSusChem ; 2019 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885192

RESUMO

A series of novel triphenylamine/carbazole-based D-D-π-π-A dyes DH1-4 and a mesoporous anatase cubic "microcage" TiO2 material (denoted as MC-TiO2 ) were synthesized and combined to obtain dye-sensitized photocatalysts (denoted as DHn/Pt/MC-TiO2 , n=1-4). These catalysts showed better performances in visible-light-driven H2 evolution from water than DHn/Pt/P25-TiO2 catalysts based on commercial P25-TiO2 bulk semiconductor under similar conditions. Compared with P25-TiO2 particles, the porous MC-TiO2 had a large Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, porosity, and exposed {0 0 1} crystal plane, which greatly contributed to the photocatalytic activity. The optimized DH2/Pt/MC-TiO2 photocatalyst exhibited an attractive H2 production rate (16.28 mmol g-1 h-1 based on catalyst mass), and the optimized DH4/Pt/MC-TiO2 photocatalyst showed good stability [turnover number (TON) of 16 699 in 105 h based on dye number], which represents one of the best performances among all reported visible-light-driven heterogeneous catalytic systems. Compared with the other dyes in this series, the high H2 production rate of DH2 on Pt/MC-TiO2 can be attributed to its size-matching effect and thus high dye loading amount, whereas the high TON and durability of DH4/Pt/MC-TiO2 are probably related to the rapid regeneration kinetics of DH4.

9.
J Diabetes ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively evaluate the dose-response association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched up to 12 December 2018 for articles that assessed the OSA-T2DM association. Random effects models were used to analyze the quantitative association between OSA and risk of T2DM. Restricted cubic splines were used to model the dose-response association between apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), used to assess the severity of OSA according to events/h, and risk of T2DM. RESULTS: We included 16 cohort studies in our meta-analysis. During a median follow-up of 10.5 years (range: 3.0-22.0), 19 355 T2DM cases were reported among 338 912 study participants. The pooled relative risk of T2DM was 1.40 (95% CI, 1.32-1.48) for OSA in the binary meta-analysis and 1.08 (1.01-1.14) for each 5-event/h increase in AHI value. We found a positive linear association between OSA and T2DM risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our dose-response meta-analysis revealed a linear association between OSA and T2DM. HIGHLIGHTS: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a treatable chronic sleep disorder characterized by episodes of sleep apneas and hypopneas during sleep, increased oxidative stress, inflammation, and sleep fragmentation and is associated with significant comorbidities. Our systematic review and meta-analysis shows that people with OSA are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which suggests that we should detect and treat OSA early to prevent T2DM.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15965, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685920

RESUMO

The design and fabrication of intricate hollow architectures as cost-effective and dual-function electrocatalyst for water and urea electrolysis is of vital importance to the energy and environment issues. Herein, a facile solvothermal strategy for construction of Prussian-blue analogue (PBA) hollow cages with an open framework was developed. The as-obtained CoFe and NiFe hollow cages (CFHC and NFHC) can be directly utilized as electrocatalysts towards oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and urea oxidation reaction (UOR) with superior catalytic performance (lower electrolysis potential, faster reaction kinetics and long-term durability) compared to their parent solid precursors (CFC and NFC) and even the commercial noble metal-based catalyst. Impressively, to drive a current density of 10 mA cm-2 in alkaline solution, the CFHC catalyst required an overpotential of merely 330 mV, 21.99% lower than that of the solid CFC precursor (423 mV) at the same condition. Meanwhile, the NFHC catalyst could deliver a current density as high as 100 mA cm-2 for the urea oxidation electrolysis at a potential of only 1.40 V, 24.32% lower than that of the solid NFC precursor (1.85 V). This work provides a new platform to construct intricate hollow structures as promising nano-materials for the application in energy conversion and storage.

11.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 77: 105964, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669889

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) and its most severe form acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by gram-positive bacteria threatens human life because effective treatments and medicines is unavailable. Protostemonine (PSN), an active alkaloid mainly isolated from the roots of Stemona sesslifolia, has anti-inflammatory effects on asthma and gram-negative bacteria-induced ALI. Here, we found that PSN exhibits anti-inflammatory effects and alleviates heat-killed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HKMRSA)-induced pneumonia. PSN treatment significantly attenuated HKMRSA-induced pathological injury, pulmonary neutrophil infiltration, tissue permeability and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6) in murine ALI model. In addition, PSN decreased the content of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and the expression of iNOS, as well as the production of NO in HKMRSA-induced bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs). Furthermore, treatment with PSN suppressed the activation of MAPKs (e.g. p38 MAPK, JNK and ERK) and NF-κB. Collectively, our results suggest that PSN ameliorates gram-positive bacteria-induced ALI in mice by inhibition of the MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways, and our studies suggest that PSN might be a novel candidate for treating ALI/ARDS.

12.
Front Chem ; 7: 713, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709236

RESUMO

Photocatalytic hydrogen production from water splitting is of auspicious possibility to resolve the energy shortage and environmental anxieties. In the past decade, the combination of different carbon-based allotropes with semiconductors of different structure and unique properties to construct heterojunction, which can improve the charge separation, light absorption, and steadiness, offer a promising way to achieve efficient photocatalyst. This review aims to provide an overview of the development for the carbon nanomaterials (CNMs)-based photocatalysts used for hydrogen production from water splitting and photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in waste water. The recent progress of CNMs-based heterojunction, including various composite with graphene, fullerene, carbon quantum dots (CQDs), and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were highlighted. Furthermore, a typical model of CNMs-based Z-scheme heterojunction was also addressed. Finally, a promising perspective on the future development of CNMs-based photocatalysts have been discussed.

13.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 8379-8386, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632085

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the impact of systematic nutrition management (SNM) on nutritional status, treatment-related toxicity, quality of life (QoL), response rates, and survival in patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) treated by radiotherapy (RT). Methods: In this retrospective study, 56 patients with LA-NPC were selected as nutrition management group (NG) for SNM during RT till 1 month later. Another 56 patients with LA-NPC receiving RT without SNM as control group (CG) were identified from the hospital database and matched pairs with NG patients according to age, gender, stage, and body mass index (BMI) prior to RT. Results: At 1 month after RT, the percentage of malnourished patients with BMI <18.5 kg/m2 was statistically significant reduced in NG as compared to the CG group (35.7% vs 58.9%, P=0.014). Nutritional indexes of body weight, hemoglobin, prealbumin, and lymphocyte in the NG were statistically significant higher than those in the CG group (P<0.05). NG patients had statistically significant less grade 3-4 oral mucositis during RT compared with the CG group (32.1% vs 51.8%, P=0.035). Furthermore, at 1 month after RT, an improved QoL was observed in NG patients with respect to physical, role and social functions, symptom scales of fatigue and pain, and the global health status as compared to the CG group (P<0.05). With a median follow-up of 24.8 months, there were no statistical differences between NG and CG (P>0.05) for the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival (84.2% versus 79.5% and 94.7% versus 92.3%, respectively.). Conclusion: SNM for LA-NPC patients treated by RT resulted in better nutritional status, reduced treatment-related toxicity and improved QoL.

14.
Front Chem ; 7: 671, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637234

RESUMO

Luminescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs) represent a new form of nanocarbon materials which have gained widespread attention in recent years, especially in chemical sensor, bioimaging, nanomedicine, solar cells, light-emitting diode (LED), and electrocatalysis. CQDs can be prepared simply and inexpensively by multiple techniques, such as the arc-discharge method, microwave pyrolysis, hydrothermal method, and electrochemical synthesis. CQDs show excellent physical and chemical properties like high crystallization, good dispersibility, photoluminescence properties. In particular, the small size, superconductivity, and rapid electron transfer of CQDs endow the CQDs-based composite with improved electric conductivity and catalytic activity. Besides, CQDs have abundant functional groups on the surface which could facilitate the preparation of multi-component electrical active catalysts. The interactions inside these multi-component catalysts may further enhance the catalytic performance by promoting charge transfer which plays an important role in electrochemistry. Most recent researches on CQDs have focused on their fluorescence characteristics and photocatalytic properties. This review will summarize the primary advances of CQDs in the synthetic methods, excellent physical and electronic properties, and application in electrocatalysis, including oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), hydrogen evolution reduction (HER), and CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR).

15.
Stroke ; 50(12): 3376-3384, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658904

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Previous results on the association between lipids and stroke were controversial. We investigated the association of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C ), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride with stroke. Methods- Six cohort studies in China with 267 500 participants were included. Cox proportional hazards regression models and restricted cubic spline analyses were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% CIs and explore linear and nonlinear relationships of lipids and stroke, respectively. Results- The median follow-up duration ranged from 6 to 19 years. During 2 295 881 person-years, 8072 people developed stroke. Multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) per 1 mmol/L increase in TC, LDL-C, triglyceride were 1.08 (1.05-1.11), 1.08 (1.04-1.11), 1.07 (1.05-1.09) for ischemic stroke, respectively. Compared with participants with TC 160-199.9 mg/dL, hazard ratios (95% CIs) were 1.43 (1.11-1.85) for hemorrhagic stroke in those with TC <120 mg/dL. Compared with participants with HDL-C 50 to 59.9 mg/dL, hazard ratios (95% CIs) were 1.23 (1.12-1.35), 1.13 (1.04-1.22) for ischemic stroke, and 1.28 (1.10-1.49), 1.17 (1.03-1.33) for hemorrhagic stroke in those with HDL-C <40 and 40 to 49.9 mg/dL, respectively. Restricted cubic spline analyses showed linear relationships of TC and LDL-C, and nonlinear relationships of HDL-C and triglyceride with ischemic stroke (all P<0.001). Hemorrhagic stroke showed linear relationships with TC and HDL-C (P=0.029 and <0.001 respectively), but no relationship with LDL-C and triglyceride (all P>0.05). Conclusions- TC, LDL-C, and triglyceride showed positive associations with ischemic stroke. The risk of hemorrhagic stroke was higher when TC was lower than 120 mg/dL. LDL-C and triglyceride showed no association with hemorrhagic stroke. The risks of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke might be higher when HDL-C was lower than 50 mg/dL.

16.
Blood Press Monit ; 24(6): 315-318, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of the YuWell YE680B oscillometric upper-arm blood pressure monitor for clinic and home blood pressure measurements in adults according to the American National Standards Institute/the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation/International Organization for Standardization (ANSI/AAMI/ISO) 81060-2:2013 standard. METHOD: Eighty-five subjects (male 46 and female 39) with a mean age of 44.6 years were recruited to fulfill the age, sex, blood pressure, and cuff distribution criteria of the ANSI/AAMI/ISO standard in the general population using the same arm sequential blood pressure measurement method. Two differently-sized cuffs were used for arm circumferences 22-32 cm (medium) and 22-45 cm (large), respectively, for the test device, and for arm circumferences ≤32 cm (standard) and >32 cm (large), respectively, for the mercury sphygmomanometer. RESULTS: A total of 255 comparison pairs were obtained for analysis. For validation criterion 1, the mean ± SD of the differences between the test device and reference systolic/diastolic blood pressure readings was -2.2 ± 7.2/-3.9 ± 5.2 mmHg. For validation criterion 2, the SD of the averaged systolic/diastolic blood pressure differences between the test device and reference blood pressure per subject was 5.70/4.67 mmHg. CONCLUSION: The automated upper-arm blood pressure monitor YuWell YE680B has passed the requirements of the ANSI/AAMI/ISO81060-2:2013 standard, and hence can be recommended for blood pressure measurement in the general population.

17.
ChemSusChem ; 12(23): 5183-5191, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631573

RESUMO

Developing 3 D self-assembled nanoarchitectures with well-defined crystal structures is an effective strategy to enhance the electrochemical performances of electrode materials. (1 1 0)-oriented and bridged-nanoblocks self-assembled VS4 microspheres are controllably synthesized by a facile one-step hydrothermal method. The (1 1 0)-bridged structure sets up open pathways for Na+ diffusion among nanoblocks, and the (1 1 0)-oriented structure provides unobstructed pathways for Na+ diffusion in the nanoblocks, which collectively constructs multidimensional Na+ transfer channels in the VS4 microspheres, promoting the electrochemical kinetics. As an anode for Na-ion batteries (SIBs), this material exhibits pseudocapacitive Na+ storage and excellent rate capability, delivering high capacities of 339 and 270 mAh g-1 at rates of 0.1 and 2.0 A g-1 , respectively, with a capacity retention of 79 % in the voltage window of 0.5-3.0 V. In particular, the reversible capacity reaches 575 mAh g-1 after 300 cycles even at 1.0 A g-1 in the voltage window of 0.05-3.0 V, outperforming those of the ever-reported VS4 -based anode materials. This work presents an effective strategy to the exploration and design of high-performance anodes for SIBs.

18.
Small ; 15(52): e1905311, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663266

RESUMO

Inspired by its high-active and open layered framework for fast Li+ extraction/insertion reactions, layered Ni-rich oxide is proposed as an outstanding Na-intercalated cathode for high-performance sodium-ion batteries. An O3-type Na0.75 Ni0.82 Co0.12 Mn0.06 O2 is achieved through a facile electrochemical ion-exchange strategy in which Li+ ions are first extracted from the LiNi0.82 Co0.12 Mn0.06 O2 cathode and Na+ ions are then inserted into a layered oxide framework. Furthermore, the reaction mechanism of layered Ni-rich oxide during Na+ extraction/insertion is investigated in detail by combining ex situ X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy. As an excellent cathode for Na-ion batteries, O3-type Na0.75 Ni0.82 Co0.12 Mn0.06 O2 delivers a high reversible capacity of 171 mAh g-1 and a remarkably stable discharge voltage of 2.8 V during long-term cycling. In addition, the fast Na+ transport in the cathode enables high rate capability with 89 mAh g-1 at 9 C. The as-prepared Ni-rich oxide cathode is expected to significantly break through the limited performance of current sodium-ion batteries.

19.
J Hypertens ; 37(12): 2354-2360, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether hypertriglyceridemic waist-to-height ratio (HWHtR) and its dynamic status was associated with hypertension (HTN). METHODS: We examined data for 10 312 nonhypertensive participants aged at least 18 years from the Rural Chinese Cohort Study at the baseline examination who were followed until 2014 with a median follow-up of 6 years. HWHtR was defined by combined triglyceride level and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine the probability of incident HTN according to HWHtR and its transformation, estimating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A total of 127 men and 225 women with high triglyceride level and high WHtR (HTHWH) had incident HTN during follow-up. After adjusting for potential confounders, the probability of HTN was increased with HTHWH for men [OR 1.49 (95% CI 1.01-2.20)] but this association was not significant for women [1.21 (0.88-1.66)]. The results of the sensitivity analyses were robust for men and women. The ORs were generally consistent on subgroup analysis by age,BMI, SBP and DBP for men. As compared with persistent normal triglyceride level and normal WHtR (NTNWH), the transformation from baseline NTNWH to follow-up HTHWH was associated with increased probability of HTN for men [OR 4.16 (95% CI 2.21-7.84)]. However, for women, the association of changed HWHtR from baseline to follow-up with probability of HTN was not significant for almost all transformation groups. CONCLUSION: HWHtR and its dynamic status was associated with incident HTN for rural Chinese men. From this cohort study, HWHtR may be an indicator for interventions aiming to reduce HTN among these men.

20.
New Phytol ; 224(3): 1304-1315, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494940

RESUMO

Interactions between mutualists, competitors, and antagonists have contrasting ecological effects that, sustained over generations, can influence micro- and macroevolution. Dissimilar benefits and costs for these interactions should cause contrasting co-diversification patterns between interacting clades, with prevalent co-speciation by mutualists, association loss by competitors, and host switching by antagonists. We assessed these expectations for a local assemblage of 26 fig species (Moraceae: Ficus), 26 species of mutualistic (pollinating), and 33 species of parasitic (galling) wasps (Chalcidoidea). Using newly acquired gene sequences, we inferred the phylogenies for all three clades. We then compared the three possible pairs of phylogenies to assess phylogenetic congruence and the relative frequencies of co-speciation, association duplication, switching, and loss. The paired phylogenies of pollinators with their mutualists and competitors were significantly congruent, unlike that of figs and their parasites. The distributions of macroevolutionary events largely agreed with expectations for mutualists and antagonists. By contrast, that for competitors involved relatively frequent association switching, as expected, but also unexpectedly frequent co-speciation. The latter result likely reflects the heterogeneous nature of competition among fig wasps. These results illustrate the influence of different interspecific interactions on co-diversification, while also revealing its dependence on specific characteristics of those interactions.

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