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Opt Express ; 18(21): 21622-7, 2010 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20941060


We demonstrate solution-processed photodetectors composed of heavy-metal-free Si nano/micro particle composite. The colloidal Si particles are synthesized by electrochemical etching of Si wafers, followed by ultra-sonication to pulverize the porous surface. With alkyl ligand surface passivation through hydrosilylation reaction, the particles can form a stable colloidal suspension which exhibits bright photoluminescence under ultraviolet excitation and a broadband extinction spectrum due to enhanced scattering from the micro-size particles. The efficiency of the thin film photodetectors has been substantially improved by preventing oxidation of the particles during the etching process.

Coloides/química , Eletroquímica/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Óptica e Fotônica , Silício/química , Ligantes , Luz , Nanopartículas , Porosidade , Teoria Quântica , Espalhamento de Radiação , Semicondutores , Propriedades de Superfície
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 101(48): 16831-6, 2004 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15550542


MYO5A is a major actin-based vesicle transport motor that binds to one of its cargos, the melanosome, by means of a RAB27A/MLPH receptor. When one of the members of this receptor-motor complex is mutated, the melanosomes clump in the perinuclear region of the melanocyte and are transferred unevenly to the developing hair, leading to a dilution of coat color. Mutation of a fourth gene, dilute suppressor (dsu), suppresses this coat color dilution. MYO5A is required for the peripheral accumulation of melanosomes in melanocytes, but its role in melanosome transfer to neighboring keratinocytes and the hair is unknown. Here, we show that MYO5A is nonessential for melanosome transfer, although pigment incorporation into the hair in MYO5A-deficient mice is uneven, probably due to the clumping of melanosomes that occurs in the perinuclear region of mutant melanocytes. We also show that dsu is caused by a loss-of-function mutation in a unique vertebrate-specific protein that appears to function in an MYO5A-independent pathway to alter pigment incorporation into the hair. Therefore, dsu identifies a unique protein involved in pigmentation of the mammalian hair.

Cor de Cabelo/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/fisiologia , Miosina Tipo V/fisiologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Cromossomos Bacterianos , Teste de Complementação Genética , Camundongos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Miosina Tipo V/genética