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1.
Eur Heart J ; 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638776

RESUMO

AIMS: Whether changes in endothelial tight junctions (TJs) lead to the formation of thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) and serve as an early indicator and therapeutic target remains elusive. METHODS AND RESULTS: Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis showed aberrant endothelial TJ expressions in the thoracic aortas of patients with TAAD. In a ß-aminopropionitrile (BAPN)-induced TAAD mouse model, endothelial TJ function was disrupted in the thoracic aortas at an early stage (5 and 10 days) as observed by a vascular permeability assay, while the intercellular distribution of crucial TJ components was significantly decreased by en face staining. For the non-invasive detection of endothelial TJ function, two dextrans of molecular weights 4 and 70 kDa were conjugated with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent Gd-DOTA to synthesize FITC-dextran-DOTA-Gd and rhodamine B-dextran-DOTA-Gd. MRI images showed that both probes accumulated in the thoracic aortas of the BAPN-fed mice. Particularly, the mice with increased accumulated signals from 5 to 10 days developed TAAD at 14 days, whereas the mice with similar signals between the two time points did not. Furthermore, the protease-activated receptor 2 inhibitor AT-1001, which seals TJs, alleviated the BAPN-induced impairment of endothelial TJ function and expression and subsequently reduced TAAD incidence. Notably, endothelial-targeted ZO-1 conditional knockout increased TAAD incidence. Mechanistically, vascular inflammation and edema were observed in the thoracic aortas of the BAPN-fed mice, whereas these phenomena were attenuated by AT-1001. CONCLUSION: The disruption of endothelial TJ function is an early event prior to TAAD formation, herein serving as a potential indicator and a promising target for TAAD.

2.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 12(1): 1, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spreads rapidly and insidiously. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) screening is an important means of blocking community transmission in China, but the costs associated with testing are high. Quarantine capacity and medical resources are also threatened. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate different screening strategies to balance outbreak control and consumption of resources. METHODS: A community network of 2000 people, considering the heterogeneities of household size and age structure, was generated to reflect real contact networks, and a stochastic individual-based dynamic model was used to simulate SARS-CoV-2 transmission and assess different whole-area nucleic acid screening strategies. We designed a total of 87 screening strategies with different sampling methods, frequencies of screening, and timings of screening. The performance of these strategies was comprehensively evaluated by comparing the cumulative infection rates, the number of tests, and the quarantine capacity and consumption of medical resource, which were expressed as medians (95% uncertainty intervals, 95% UIs). RESULTS: To implement COVID-19 nucleic acid testing for all people (Full Screening), if the screening frequency was four times/week, the cumulative infection rate could be reduced to 13% (95% UI: 1%, 51%), the miss rate decreased to 2% (95% UI: 0%, 22%), and the quarantine and medical resource consumption was lower than higher-frequency Full Screening or sampling screening. When the frequency of Full Screening increased from five to seven times/week (which resulted in a 2581 increase in the number of tests per positive case), the cumulative infection rate was only reduced by 2%. Screening all people weekly by splitting them equally into seven batches could reduce infection rates by 73% compared to once per week, which was similar to Full Screening four times/week. Full Screening had the highest number of tests per positive case, while the miss rate, number of tests per positive case, and hotel quarantine resource consumption in Household-based Sampling Screening scenarios were lower than Random Sampling Screening. The cumulative infection rate of Household-based Sampling Screening or Random Sampling Screening seven times/week was similar to that of Full Screening four times/week. CONCLUSIONS: If hotel quarantine, hospital and shelter hospital capacity are seriously insufficient, to stop the spread of the virus as early as possible, high-frequency Full Screening would be necessary, but intermediate testing frequency may be more cost-effective in non-extreme situations. Screening in batches is recommended if the testing capacity is low. Household-based Sampling Screening is potentially a promising strategy to implement.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Teste para COVID-19 , Surtos de Doenças
3.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662289

RESUMO

Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease with severe extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling that lacks efficient early stage diagnosis and nonsurgical therapy. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motif 7 (ADAMTS-7) is recognized as a novel locus for human coronary artery atherosclerosis. Previous work by us and others showed that ADAMTS-7 promoted atherosclerosis, postinjury neointima formation, and vascular calcification. However, whether ADAMTS-7 is involved in TAAD pathogenesis is unknown. We aimed to explore the alterations in ADAMTS-7 expression in human and mouse TAAD, and investigate the role of ADAMTS-7 in TAAD formation. A case-control study of TAAD patients (N = 86) and healthy participants (N = 88) was performed. The plasma ADAMTS-7 levels were markedly increased in TAAD patients within 24 h and peaked in 7 days. A TAAD mouse model was induced with 0.5% ß-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) in drinking water. ELISA analysis of mouse plasma, Western blotting, and immunohistochemical staining of aorta showed an increase in ADAMTS-7 in the early stage of TAAD. Moreover, ADAMTS-7-deficient mice exhibited significantly attenuated TAAD formation and TAAD rupture-related mortality in both male and female mice, which was accompanied by reduced artery dilation and inhibited elastin degradation. ADAMTS-7 deficiency caused repressed inflammatory response and complement system activation during TAAD formation. An increase in plasma ADAMTS-7 is a novel biomarker for human TAAD. ADAMTS-7 deficiency attenuates BAPN-induced murine TAAD. ADAMTS-7 is a potential novel target for TAAD diagnosis and therapy. KEY MESSAGES: A case-control study revealed increased plasma ADAMTS-7 is a risk factor for TAAD. ADAMTS-7 was elevated in plasma and aorta at early stage of mouse TAAD. ADAMTS-7 knockout attenuated mouse TAAD formation and mortality in both sexes.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2209114, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609806

RESUMO

Exploring advanced strategies in alleviating the thermal runaway of LMBs is critically essential. Herein, a novel electrolyte system with thermoresponsive characteristics is designed to largely enhance the thermal safety of 1.0 Ah LMBs. Specifically, vinyl carbonate (VC) with azodiisobutyronitrile is introduced as a thermoresponsive solvent to boost the thermal stability of both the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) and electrolyte. Firstly, abundant poly(VC) is formed in SEI with thermoresponsive electrolyte, which is more thermally stable against lithium hexafluorophosphate compared to the inorganic components widely acquired in routine electrolyte. This increases the critical temperature for thermal safety (the beginning temperature of obvious self-heating) from 71.5 to 137.4 °C. The remained VC solvents can be polymerized into poly(VC) as the battery temperature abnormally increases. The poly(VC) can not only afford as a barrier to prevent the direct contact between electrodes, but also immobilize the free liquid solvents, thereby reducing the exothermic reactions between electrodes and electrolytes. Consequently, the internal-short-circuit temperature and "ignition point" temperature (the starting temperature of thermal runaway) of LMBs are largely increased from 126.3 and 100.3 °C to 176.5 and 203.6 °C. This work provides novel insights for pursuing thermally stable LMBs with the addition of various thermoresponsive solvents in commercial electrolytes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Chin Med ; 18(1): 7, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide. Aidi injection (ADI) is a representative antitumor medication based on Chinese herbal injection, but its antitumor mechanisms are still poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this work, the subcutaneous xenograft model of human pancreatic cancer cell line Panc-1 was established in nude mice to investigate the anticancer effect of ADI in vivo. We then determined the components of ADI using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) and explored the possible molecular mechanisms against pancreatic cancer using network pharmacology. RESULTS: In vivo experiments, the volume, weight, and degree of histological abnormalities of implanted tumors were significantly lower in the medium and high concentration ADI injection groups than in the control group. Network pharmacology analysis identified four active components of ADI and seven key targets, TNF, VEGFA, HSP90AA1, MAPK14, CASP3, P53 and JUN. Molecular docking also revealed high affinity between the active components and the target proteins, including Astragaloside IV to P53 and VEGFA, Ginsenoside Rb1 to CASP3 and Formononetin to JUN. CONCLUSION: ADI could reduce the growth rate of tumor tissue and alleviate the structural abnormalities in tumor tissue. ADI is predicted to act on VEGFA, P53, CASP3, and JUN in ADI-mediated treatment of pancreatic cancer.

6.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1373, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697459

RESUMO

Stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) is a type of cancer which often at itsadvanced stage apon diagnosis and mortality in clinical practice. Several factors influencethe prognosis of STAD, including the expression and regulation of immune cells in the tumor microenvironment. We here investigated the biomarkers related to the diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer, hoping to provide insights for the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer in the future. STAD and normal patient RNA sequencing data sets were accessed from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA database). Differential genes were determined and obtained by using the R package DESeq2. The stromal, immune, and ESTIMATE scores are calculated by the ESTIMATE algorithm, followed by the modular genes screening using the R package WGCNA. Subsequently, the intersection between the modular gene and the differential gene was taken and the STRING database was used for PPI network module analysis. The R packages clusterProfiler, enrichplot, and ggplot2 were used for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. Cox regression analysis was used to screen survival-related genes, and finally, the R package Venn Diagram was used to take the intersection and obtain 7 hub genes. The time-dependent ROC curve and Kaplan-Meier survival curve were used to find the SERPINE1 gene, which plays a critical role in prognosis. Finally, the expression pattern, clinical characteristics, and regulatory mechanism of SERPINE1 were analyzed in STAD. We revealed that the expression of SERPINE1 was significantly increased in the samples from STAD compared with normal samples. Cox regression, time-dependent ROC, and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses demonstrated that SERPINE1 was significantly related to the adverse prognosis of STAD patients. The expression of SERPINE1 increased with the progression of T, N, and M classification of the tumor. In addition, the results of immune infiltration analysis indicated that the immune cells' expression were higher in high SERPINE1 expression group than that in low SERPINE1 expression group, including CD4+ T cells, B cells, CD8+ T cells, macrophages, neutrophils and other immune cells. SERPINE1 was closely related to immune cells in the STAD immune microenvironment and had a synergistic effect with the immune checkpoints PD1 and PD-L1. In conclusion, we proved that SERPINE1 is a promising prognostic and diagnostic biomarker for STAD and a potential target for immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biologia Computacional , Mineração de Dados , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/genética
7.
Eur J Radiol ; 159: 110665, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566705

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the prognostic value of tumour contour irregularity degree (CID) in surgical strategy options for T1bN0M0 renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective multi-institutional review of 489 patients with T1bN0M0 RCC treated between January 2009 and June 2019. Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to analyse the impact of CID on disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 55 months (interquartile range, 40-81 months) for 55 (11.2 %) patients with metastasis or recurrence. Logistic analysis indicated that CID was associated with World Health Organization/International Society of Urological Pathology (WHO/ISUP) grades III-IV (odds ratio, 1.015; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.008-1.023; p < 0.001). After being classified into high CID (≥50 %) and low CID (<50 %) groups, those with a high CID showed a significantly higher ratio of WHO/IUSP grades III-IV (74/277 [26.7 %] vs 25/212 [11.8 %]) and shorter DFS than the low CID group (p < 0.001). Multivariable Cox regression showed that partial nephrectomy (PN; hazard ratio [HR], 1.889; 95 % CI, 1.020-3.499; p = 0.043), high CID (HR, 6.685; 95 % CI, 2.776-16.100; p < 0.001), and WHO/ISUP grade III-IV (HR, 1.950; 95 % CI, 1.100-3.458; p = 0.022) were independent prognostic factors for DFS. The Kaplan-Meier plot showed that PN had a DFS rate comparable to that of radical nephrectomy (RN; p = 0.994). In the low CID group, patients who underwent PN showed comparable DFS to those who underwent RN (p = 0.903). Furthermore, patients with a high CID tended to have worse DFS in the PN versus RN group (p = 0.044). Multivariable Cox regression showed that PN (HR, 2.049; 95 % CI, 1.065-3.942; p = 0.032) and WHO/ISUP grade III-IV (HR, 2.148; 95 % CI, 1.189-3.881; p = 0.011) were independent prognostic factors of DFS in the high CID group. CONCLUSIONS: CID is a reliable preoperative parameter which is positively correlated with WHO/ISUP grade and can help with surgical decision-making in patients with T1bN0M0 RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefrectomia
8.
Comput Biol Med ; 152: 106460, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T cells are present in all stages of tumor formation and play an important role in the tumor microenvironment. We aimed to explore the expression profile of T cell marker genes, constructed a prognostic risk model based on these genes in Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and investigated the link between this risk model and the immunotherapy response. METHODS: We obtained the single-cell sequencing data of LUAD from the literature, and screened out 6 tissue biopsy samples, including 32,108 cells from patients with non-small cell lung cancer, to identify T cell marker genes in LUAD. Combined with TCGA database, a prognostic risk model based on T-cell marker gene was constructed, and the data from GEO database was used for verification. We also investigated the association between this risk model and immunotherapy response. RESULTS: Based on scRNA-seq data 1839 T-cell marker genes were identified, after which a risk model consisting of 9 gene signatures for prognosis was constructed in combination with the TCGA dataset. This risk model divided patients into high-risk and low-risk groups based on overall survival. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that the risk model was an independent prognostic factor. Analysis of immune profiles showed that high-risk groups presented discriminative immune-cell infiltrations and immune-suppressive states. Risk scores of the model were closely correlated with Linoleic acid metabolism, intestinal immune network for IgA production and drug metabolism cytochrome P450. CONCLUSION: Our study proposed a novel prognostic risk model based on T cell marker genes for LUAD patients. The survival of LUAD patients as well as treatment outcomes may be accurately predicted by the prognostic risk model, and make the high-risk population present different immune cell infiltration and immunosuppression state.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Linfócitos T , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
9.
Environ Res ; 219: 115166, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580983

RESUMO

Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) hold great prospects for the treatment of antibiotic wastewater. N-doped biochar (NB) has received increasing attention as a catalyst for AOPs because of its green nature, abundant biomass resources, and low cost. However, NB catalysts are complicated to prepare and difficult to recover, limiting their practical application. In this study, an N-doped biochar geopolymer composite (NBGC) was synthesized via in situ doping, simultaneous carbonization, and activation (ISCA) of lignin and urea in the porous geopolymer flake, without additional activators. The ISCA process used a low-cost geopolymer flake that not only served as a carrier to immobilize NB and facilitate the recovery, but also applied its inherent strong alkalinity to activate NB. The composite catalyst obtained at 600 °C (NBGC-600) exhibited excellent activity in activating H2O2 to degrade tetracycline (∼100%, 50 mg/L). The EPR results indicated that NBGC-600 had a strong ability to activate and decompose H2O2 to •OH, which could be attributed to its rich persistent radicals, graphitized N and CO groups, as well as the high degree of graphitization of biochar. The degradation pathway and intermediates of tetracycline in the NBGC-600-H2O2 system were also discussed according to the HPLC-MS results. Moreover, NBGC-600 had excellent reusability and showed great potential for continuous treatment of tetracycline in water. This work paves a new way for the synthesis of cost-effective N-doped biochar composite catalysts for AOPs.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Água , Antibacterianos , Tetraciclina
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36520216

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To predict survival prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients with tumors larger than 7 cm by preoperative radiological morphological features. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of RCC patients with tumors larger than 7 cm from 2007 to 2017 in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. A total of 251 patients' clinical data were collected. 25 and 9 patients were excluded due to loss of follow-up and lack of imaging data, respectively. PFS and OS from date of surgery were evaluated. We defined the irregularity of the tumor as the morphological feature studied and quantified it according to a theorem of the ellipse: the length from the midpoint of the ellipse to any point on the ellipse is shorter than or equal to 1/2 of the long axis. The cutoff value of irregularity was calculated based on the ROC curve. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to test associations between features and outcome. RESULTS: Of all the 217 patients included in the study, 67 patients had disease progression and 30 patients died. The cutoff value of the irregularity was selected to be 0.5335. Adrenal invasion, presence of distant metastasis and irregularity of tumors were significantly associated with PFS, and presence of distant metastasis and irregularity of tumors were significantly associated with OS. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with tumors larger than 7 cm in RCC, we found a radiological index that is closely related to the prognosis: irregularity. This is an unreported independent prognostic risk factor that can be quantified before surgery.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516224

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex chronic disease with substantial phenotypic heterogeneity affecting millions of individuals. Yet, its relevant metabolites and etiological pathways are not fully understood. The aim of this study is to assess a broad spectrum of metabolites related to T2D in a large population-based cohort. We conducted a metabolomic analysis of 4,281 male participants within the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study. The serum metabolomic analysis was performed using an LC-MS/GC-MS platform. Associations between 1,413 metabolites and T2D were examined using linear regression, controlling for important baseline risk factors. Standardized ß-coefficients and standard errors (SE) were computed to estimate the difference in metabolite concentrations. We identified 74 metabolites that were significantly associated with T2D based on the Bonferroni-corrected threshold (P < 3.5 × 10-5). The strongest signals associated with T2D were of carbohydrates origin, including glucose, 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) and mannose (ß =0.34, -0.91 and 0.41, respectively; all P <10-75). We found several chemical class pathways that were significantly associated with T2D, including carbohydrates (P=1.3 × 10-11), amino acids (P=2.7 × 10-6), energy (P=1.5 × 10-4) and xenobiotics (P=1.2 × 10-3). The strongest sub-pathway associations were seen for fructose-mannose-galactose metabolism, glycolysis-gluconeogenesis-pyruvate metabolism, fatty acid metabolism (acyl choline) and leucine-isoleucine-valine metabolism (all P <10-8). Our findings identified various metabolites and candidate chemical class pathways that can be characterized by glycolysis and gluconeogenesis metabolism, fructose-mannose-galactose metabolism, branched chain amino acids, diacylglycerol, acyl cholines, fatty acid oxidation, and mitochondrial dysfunction.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398488

RESUMO

Tumor cells activate DNA repair pathways to combat the oxidative damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), contributing to their resistance to photodynamic therapy (PDT). Herein, a self-delivery photodynamic sensitizer is developed to enhance oxidative damage by blocking the DNA repair pathway through poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition. Specifically, the photodynamic sensitizer (CeOla) is constructed based on the self-assembly of the photosensitizer chlorine e6 (Ce6) and the PARP inhibitor olaparib (Ola). Of note is that carrier free CeOla has a high drug content and favorable water stability, which could be effectively internalized by tumor cells for robust PDT upon light irradiation. Moreover, CeOla could inhibit the activation of PARP, promote the upregulation of γ-H2AX and reduce the expression of Rad51, thereby blocking the DNA repair pathway to sensitize tumor cells for PDT. As a consequence, the self-delivery CeOla greatly promotes the tumor cell apoptosis and shows a high antitumor performance with low side effects. It serves as a novel platform for the development of self-delivery nanomedicine to overcome oxidative resistance in tumor treatment.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2209233, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414611

RESUMO

Dilute alloying is an effective strategy to tune properties of solid catalysts but has rarely been leveraged in complex reactions beyond small molecule conversion. In this work, dilute dopants were demonstrated to serve as activating centers to construct multiatom catalytic domains in metal nitride electrocatalysts for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, of which the sulfur cathode suffers from sluggish and complex conversion reactions. With titanium nitride (TiN) as a model system, the dilute cobalt alloying was shown to greatly improve the reaction kinetics while inducing negligible catalyst reconstruction. Compared to the pristine TiN, the dilute nitride alloy catalyst enabled one-fold increase in the high-rate (2.0 C) capacities of Li-S batteries, as well as impressively low cyclic decay rate of 0.17% at a sulfur loading of 4.0 mgS cm-2 . This work opens up new opportunities toward the rational design of Li-S electrocatalysts by dilute alloying and also enlightens the understandings of complex domain-catalyzed reactions in energy applications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(48): 53627-53635, 2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417686

RESUMO

Aqueous Zn-Mn2+ electrolysis batteries utilizing the two-electron-transfer reaction between Mn2+ and MnO2 attract great attention because of their superior theoretical capacity (616 mAh g-1). However, the low conductivity of deposited MnO2 and the poor conversion efficiency of Mn2+/MnO2 inevitably result in limited areal capacity and unsatisfied cycling stability, which have become the main hurdles of aqueous Zn-Mn2+ batteries' applications. Herein, we propose a novel Mn2+/I- hybrid cathode that couples the triiodide/iodide redox with the Mn2+/MnO2 redox to optimize the electrolysis kinetics. Because of the synergistically enhanced conversion reaction between Mn2+/I- and the promoter effect of I- to the dissolution of MnO2, this hybrid cathode not only exhibits fast reaction kinetics, thus demonstrating ultrahigh rate capability (100 mA cm-2), but also displays observably enhanced conversion efficiency up to 96.0% with excellent reversibility of 2000 cycles. Especially the superhigh areal capacity of 20 mAh cm-2 with more than 100 cycles among the reported static Zn-Mn2+ electrolysis batteries is demonstrated. The excellent battery performance as well as the facile electrode hybridization approach designed here paves the way for the practical applications of aqueous Zn batteries.

17.
Sci Adv ; 8(45): eadd0510, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351020

RESUMO

The fundamental understanding of the elusive evolution behavior of the buried solid-solid interfaces is the major barrier to exploring solid-state electrochemical devices. Here, we uncover the interfacial void evolution principles in solid-state batteries, build a solid-state void nucleation and growth model, and make an analogy with the bubble formation in liquid phases. In solid-state lithium metal batteries, the lithium stripping-induced interfacial void formation determines the morphological instabilities that result in battery failure. The void-induced contact loss processes are quantified in a phase diagram under wide current densities ranging from 1.0 to 10.0 milliamperes per square centimeter by rational electrochemistry calculations. The in situ-visualized morphological evolutions reveal the microscopic features of void defects under different stripping circumstances. The electrochemical-morphological relationship helps to elucidate the current density- and areal capacity-dependent void nucleation and growth mechanisms, which affords fresh insights on understanding and designing solid-solid interfaces for advanced solid-state batteries.

18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(40): 5865-5880, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune dysfunction is the crucial cause in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is mainly related to lymphocytes (T or B cells, incl-uding memory B cells), mast cells, activated neutrophils, and macrophages. As the precursor of B cells, the activation of memory B cells can trigger and differentiate B cells to produce a giant variety of inducible B cells and tolerant B cells, whose dysfunction can easily lead to autoimmune diseases, including IBD. AIM: To investigate whether or not curcumin (Cur) can alleviate experimental colitis by regulating memory B cells and Bcl-6-Syk-BLNK signaling. METHODS: Colitis was induced in mice with a dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) solution in drinking water. Colitis mice were given Cur (100 mg/kg/d) orally for 14 con-secutive days. The colonic weight, colonic length, intestinal weight index, occult blood scores, and histological scores of mice were examined to evaluate the curative effect. The levels of memory B cells in peripheral blood of mice were measured by flow cytometry, and IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, IL-7A, and TNF-α expression in colonic tissue homogenates were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Western blot was used to measure the expression of Bcl-6, BLNK, Syk, and other signaling pathway related proteins. RESULTS: After Cur treatment for 14 d, the body weight, colonic weight, colonic length, colonic weight index, and colonic pathological injury of mice with colitis were ameliorated. The secretion of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-7A was statistically decreased, while the IL-35 and IL-10 levels were considerably increased. Activation of memory B cell subsets in colitis mice was confirmed by a remarkable reduction in the expression of IgM, IgG, IgA, FCRL5, CD103, FasL, PD-1, CD38, and CXCR3 on the surface of CD19+ CD27+ B cells, while the number of CD19+ CD27+ IL-10+ and CD19+ CD27+ Tim-3+ B cells increased significantly. In addition, Cur significantly inhibited the protein levels of Syk, p-Syk, Bcl-6, and CIN85, and increased BLNK and p-BLNK expression in colitis mice. CONCLUSION: Cur could effectively alleviate DSS-induced colitis in mice by regulating memory B cells and the Bcl-6-Syk-BLNK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Colite , Curcumina , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Camundongos , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Células B de Memória , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
Comput Biol Med ; 151(Pt A): 106186, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335813

RESUMO

The innovation of immunotherapy was a milestone in the treatment of bladder cancer (BLCA). However, the treatment benefits varied by individual thus promoting the investigation of the biomarker of the patients. Unfortunately, there were not many effective predictive models, which were desired by clinicians, for BLCA that can predict the prognosis and benefit of immunotherapy. We constructed a three genes prognosis prediction model termed RiskScore based on the result of weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort (n = 406). We then validated the prediction accuracy with three validation cohort(GSE13507 (n = 165), GSE48075(n = 73), GSE32894(n = 224)). We compared the differences in gene expression, immune relate function, and immune infiltration between two groups divided by RiskScore. We further discovered the potential drug target and suitable compounds for high-risk groups. Our results suggested that the low-risk group may be more potential for immunotherapy for they have higher B cell infiltration, higher expression of immune checkpoints(PDCD1, CTLA4), and much more active immune-related pathways(B cell and T cell receptor signaling pathway). The RiskScore showed a well predictive accuracy for the prognosis of BLCA. After Spearman analysis, we found the suitable drug target and compounds for the patients in the high-risk group. The model we constructed is able to predict the prognosis of BLCA patients with ease and accuracy. PLK1 and gefitinib may be utilized for further treatment of BLCA patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Imunoterapia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
20.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 1022215, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325097

RESUMO

Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is an opportunistic pathogen that cause necrotic enteritis, food poisoning and even death in animals. In this study, we explored the prevalence, antibiotic resistance and genetic diversity of Clostridium perfringens isolated from yak in the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, China. A total of 744 yak fecal samples were collected and assessed for toxin genes, antimicrobial susceptibility and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Results indicated that 144 out of 744 (19.35%) yak fecal samples were tested to be positive for C. perfringens, 75% (n = 108, 108/144) were C. perfringens type A, 17.36% (n = 25, 25/144) were C. perfringens type C, 2.78% (n = 4, 4/144) were C. perfringens type D, and 4.86% (n = 7, 7/144) were C. perfringens type F. In addition, 2.78% (n = 4, 4/144) of the isolates were positive for cpb2 toxin gene. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing revealed that 98.61% (142/144) of the isolates showed multiple-antibiotic resistance. According to MLST and phylogenetic tree, 144 yak-derived C. perfringens isolates had an average of 12.95 alleles and could be divided into 89 sequence types (STs) and clustered in 11 clonal complexes (CCs). The most of isolates belong to type A with a considerable genetic diversity, having Simpson index up to 0.9754. MLST and phylogenetic analysis showed that the isolates under the same clade came from multiple regions. Cross-transmission among isolates and interconnectedness were observed in the genetic evolution. According to the study, the most of the isolates exhibited broad-spectrum antibacterial resistance, diverse alleles, and multiple lethal toxin genes of C. perfringens.

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