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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(41)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620712

RESUMO

Wolbachia bacteria, inherited through the female germ line, infect a large fraction of arthropod species. Many Wolbachia strains manipulate host reproduction, most commonly through cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). CI, a conditional male sterility, results when Wolbachia-infected male insects mate with uninfected females; viability is restored if the female is similarly infected (called "rescue"). CI is used to help control mosquito-borne viruses such as dengue and Zika, but its mechanisms remain unknown. The coexpressed CI factors CifA and CifB form stable complexes in vitro, but the timing and function of this interaction in the insect are unresolved. CifA expression in the female germ line is sufficient for rescue. We report high-resolution structures of a CI-factor complex, CinA-CinB, which utilizes a unique binding mode between the CinA rescue factor and the CinB nuclease; the structures were validated by biochemical and yeast growth analyses. Importantly, transgenic expression in Drosophila of a nonbinding CinA mutant, designed based on the CinA-CinB structure, suggests CinA expressed in females must bind CinB imported by sperm in order to rescue embryonic viability. Binding between cognate factors is conserved in an enzymatically distinct CI system, CidA-CidB, suggesting universal features in Wolbachia CI induction and rescue.

2.
J Refract Surg ; 37(9): 616-622, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506238

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the precision of a new spectral-domain optical coherence tomographer (SD-OCT)/Placido topographer (MS-39; CSO) and its comparison with a swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) biometer (Argos; Movu, Inc) in patients with cataract. METHODS: Fifty-three right eyes from 53 patients were examined by two experienced operators three times using both devices randomly. Employing the within-subject standard deviation (Sw), test-retest variability, coefficient of variation, and intraclass correlation coefficient to evaluate intraoperator repeatability and interoperator reproducibility; the double-angle plots to analyze astigmatism; and Bland-Altman plots and 95% limits of agreement to verify the agreement between devices. RESULTS: The SD-OCT/Placido tomographer showed high precision, with coefficient of variation of 0.44% or less, intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.945 or greater for all parameters, test-retest variability of 4.21 µm or less for central corneal thickness (CCT), 0.03 mm or less for anterior chamber depth (ACD) and aqueous depth (AQD), and 0.25 diopters (D) or less for mean keratometry (Km), J0, and J45. The inter-device differences in Km, J0, and J45 were statistically insignificant, whereas the remaining were statistically but not clinically significant. The 95% limits of agreement of CCT, ACD, AQD, Km, J0, and J45 were -3.70 to 15.25 µm, -0.06 to 0.04 mm, -0.06 to 0.04 mm, -0.28 to 0.35 D, -0.27 to 0.26 D, and -0.27 to 0.21 D, respectively. The double-angle plot confirmed the high agreement in astigmatism. CONCLUSIONS: For CCT, ACD, AQD, Km, and astigmatism measurements in patients with cataract, the new SD-OCT/Placido tomographer has excellent precision and high agreement with the Argos SS-OCT biometer, and can be used interchangeably. [J Refract Surg. 2021;37(9):616-622.].


Assuntos
Catarata , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Comprimento Axial do Olho , Biometria , Catarata/diagnóstico , Córnea , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Nanoscale ; 13(36): 15220-15230, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553723

RESUMO

Bacterial sepsis is a lethal disease triggered by microbial pathogens. The blood pathogen load is a major contributor to both disease severity and mortality in patients with sepsis blood. Therefore, it is crucial to reduce the load of pathogens, in particular the drug-resistant pathogens. In this work, inspired by the crossflow filtration mechanism in suspension-feeding fish, we developed a biomimetic microcavity interface to mimic a porous gill-raker surface as a blood-cleansing dialyzer for sepsis therapy, which can rapidly, safely and efficiently clear bacteria from the fluidic blood. The microcavity interface consists of microcavity arrays, the innerface of which contains nanowire forests. By precisely controlling the pore size of the microcavity and directing the axial travel of the fluid, the bacteria can be isolated from the whole blood without disturbing any blood components or blocking the blood cell transportation. In addition, the three-dimensional nanowire forests assist in the formation of vortices with reduced blood flow velocity and increased resistance to bacterial deposition in situ. Functional modification is not required to recognize the bacteria specifically in our designed dialyzer. Moreover, the microcavity interface clears over 95% bacteria from a fluid blood sample without inducing protein adsorption or complement and platelet activation when contacting the fluid blood. The study supports this biomimetic microcavity interface to be a promising extracorporeal blood-cleansing device in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Comportamento Alimentar , Animais , Filtração , Peixes , Brânquias , Humanos
4.
Nanoscale ; 13(34): 14538-14551, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473182

RESUMO

The use of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), typically HIV-Tat, to deliver therapeutic genes for cancer treatment is hampered by the inefficient delivery and complicated uptake route of plasmid DNA (pDNA). On the one hand, surface charges, particle size and shape essentially contribute to the endocytosis pathway of Tat/pDNA nanocomplexes, and on the other hand, endogenous cellular factors dominantly determine their intracellular trafficking fate and biological outcome. Recent advances in surfactant-modified nanomaterial and dual molecular imaging technology have offered new opportunities for suicide gene therapy. In this study, we employed the cationic surfactant C16TAB to further condense Tat/pDNA nanocomplexes for improving their delivery efficiency and tested the therapeutic effect of Tat/pDNA/C16TAB (T-P-C) nanoparticles carrying the GCV-converted HSV-ttk suicide gene for ovarian cancer. The cellular endocytosis pathway and underlying signal mechanism of T-P-C nanoparticles were further determined. The obtained T-P-C nanoparticles exhibited a small size, positive surface charge, irregular granular shape and high pDNA encapsulation efficiency. The in vitro experiments showed that T-P-C nanoparticles mainly used the macropinocytosis pathway for uptake in ovarian cancer cells. Their internalization and payload gene expression were controlled by the Arf6 GTPase-dependent, Rab GTPase-activated signal axis. Further in vivo molecular imaging based on DF (Fluc-eGFP)-TF (RFP-Rluc-HSV-ttk) system showed that T-P-C nanoparticles significantly increased the targeted delivery and suicide gene therapy in a mouse model xenografted with human ovarian cancer. More importantly, Arf6-mediated macropinocytosis remarkably enhanced the delivery efficiency and suicide gene therapy effect of T-P-C nanoparticles. Therefore, these C16TAB-condensed Tat/pDNA nanoparticles combined with the dual molecular imaging strategy provides a novel intracellular delivery platform for high-efficient, precise suicide gene therapy of ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Animais , Feminino , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Terapia Genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Plasmídeos , Transfecção
5.
Arch Virol ; 166(10): 2723-2732, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319453

RESUMO

ß-galactoside α-2,3-sialyltransferase 2 (ST3GAL2) is a member of the sialyltransferase family that mediates terminal modification of glycoproteins and glycolipids. ST3GAL2 has been found to play a role in obesity, aging, and malignant diseases. In this study, we cloned porcine ST3GAL2 (pST3GAL2) from porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs), and its role in porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection was investigated by transcriptome analysis. pST3GAL2 was found to be located in the Golgi apparatus, and it was expressed at high levels in PRRSV-infected PAMs. Overexpression of pST3GAL2 resulted in a slight increase in PRRSV proliferation, and the interaction between pST3GAL2 and GP2a of PRRSV was detected by coimmunoprecipitation and confocal microscopy. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IFN-ß, IL-2, IL-6, IL-18, IL-1ß and TNF-α) was significantly inhibited in pST3GAL2-overexpressing, PRRSV-infected cells and upregulated in PRRSV-infected pST3GAL2-knockout cells, while the pattern of expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10) was diametrically opposite. Our results demonstrate that the regulation of pST3GAL2 plays an important role in PRRSV proliferation and functional alterations in virus-infected cells. These results contribute to our understanding of the role of ß-galactoside α-2,3-sialyltransferase 2 in antiviral immunity.


Assuntos
Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/virologia , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/fisiologia , Sialiltransferases/metabolismo , Replicação Viral , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Complexo de Golgi/metabolismo , Inflamação , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Macrófagos Alveolares/virologia , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/imunologia , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/metabolismo , Sialiltransferases/genética , Suínos , Regulação para Cima , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo
6.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 4653-4662, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34173855

RESUMO

Yersinia enterocolitica is an important zoonotic pathogen, which seriously endangers food-safety risk. In this study, the recombinant outer membrane protein OmpF and its antibody were prepared and coupled with immunomagnetic beads (IMBs) to capture Y. enterocolitica in food samples, combining the quantitative PCR detection with primers of virulence factor gene foxA for Yersinia enterocolitica contamination. The results showed that the capture efficiency of approximately 80% using anti-OmpF antibody-immunomagnetic beads and linearly dependent capture under 101-105 CFU/mL Y. enterocolitica compared with less than 10% capture of other bacteria. The detection limit of 64 CFU/mL was obtained based on foxA gene PCR detection combined with capture of the anti-OmpF antibody-immunomagnetic beads to detect Yersinia enterocolitica in artificially contaminated milk and pork samples. Compared to the culture method, the developed IMBs-qPCR method has higher consistency, was less time consuming, which taken together provides an effective alternative method for rapid detection of Y. enterocolitica in food.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptores de Superfície Celular , Yersinia enterocolitica , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/genética , Microbiologia de Alimentos/métodos , Separação Imunomagnética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Yersinia enterocolitica/genética
7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 664417, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079549

RESUMO

As transcriptional co-activator of AP-1/Jun, estrogen receptors and NF-κB, nuclear protein RBM39 also involves precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) splicing. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes sow reproductive disorders and piglet respiratory diseases, which resulted in serious economic losses worldwide. In this study, the up-regulated expression of RBM39 and down-regulated of inflammatory cytokines (IFN-ß, TNFα, NF-κB, IL-1ß, IL-6) were determined in PRRSV-infected 3D4/21 cells, and accompanied with the PRRSV proliferation. The roles of RBM39 altering phosphorylation of c-Jun to inhibit the AP-1 pathway to promote PRRSV proliferation were further verified. In addition, the nucleocytoplasmic translocation of RBM39 and c-Jun from the nucleus to cytoplasm was enhanced in PRRSV-infected cells. The three RRM domain of RBM39 are crucial to support the proliferation of PRRSV. Several PRRSV RNA (nsp4, nsp5, nsp7, nsp10-12, M and N) binding with RBM39 were determined, which may also contribute to the PRRSV proliferation. Our results revealed a complex mechanism of RBM39 by altering c-Jun phosphorylation and nucleocytoplasmic translocation, and regulating binding of RBM39 with viral RNA to prompt PRRSV proliferation. The results provide new viewpoints to understand the immune escape mechanism of PRRSV infection.

8.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6957-6967, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: At present, there are several guidelines for cancer complicated with VTE, but there is no specific recommendation for the treatment of lung cancer complicated with VTE. Whether is necessary to explore treatment and prevention of VTE in lung cancer. BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication of severe lung cancer that can entail many adverse effects for patients. The incidence of VTE is higher in patients with lung cancer than in those with other kinds of solid tumors, and it is especially high among patients with lung adenocarcinoma, at advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stages, or with a history of central venous catheter (CVC) or chemotherapy. However, the clinical symptoms of VTE in patients with lung cancer are not typical and cannot be detected easily, and the clinical prevention rate is low. In the acute phase of VTE in lung cancer, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of patients typically ranges from 2 to 4 points, leaving end-stage maintenance therapy as the only treatment option. METHODS: Here, we analyze the existing literature and discuss the current status (including epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and risk factors), risk assessment tools, and the treatment and prevention of VTE in severe lung cancer. We focus particularly on the use of low-molecular-weight heparin and new oral anticoagulants (including in the management of thrombocytopenia after antitumor therapy) in lung cancer patients with VTE. CONCLUSIONS: Large-scale prospective multicenter studies on the treatment and prevention of VTE in lung cancer are necessary.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias , Tromboembolia Venosa , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle
9.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 10(7): 8, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100924

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess whether a Chinese translated version of the 33-item Indian Vision Function Questionnaire (IND-VFQ-33) forms a valid measurement scale and to evaluate its psychometric properties based on the method of successive dichotomizations (MSD). Methods: The English version of the IND-VFQ-33 was translated, back translated, and cross-culturally adapted for use in China. It was interviewer administered to patients with cataracts. MSD, a polytomous Rasch model that estimates ordered thresholds, was used to assess and optimize psychometric properties of the overall scale and three subscales separately. Results: One hundred and seventy-nine patients provided complete responses. After the removal of 2 misfitting items, a revised 31-item overall scale demonstrated adequate precision (person reliability [PR] = 0.92) and no misfitting items. The general functioning subscale fit the MSD model well after removing two misfitting items. The psychosocial impact subscale and the visual symptoms subscale were not considered further due to poor measurement precision. After addressing psychometric deficiencies, a 31-item overall scale (IND-VFQ-31-CN) and a 19-item general functioning subscale (IND-VFQ-GF-19-CN) were developed. Conclusions: The original IND-VFQ-33 required re-engineering to form valid measures for use in China. The revised overall scale and general functioning subscale demonstrated adequate MSD based psychometric properties. Translational Relevance: The revised IND-VFQ-33 is a valid patient-reported outcome assessment for Chinese patients with cataract based on MSD analysis.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , China , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138404

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an important infectious disease caused by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), leading to significant economic losses in swine industry worldwide. Although several studies have shown that PRRSV can affect the cell cycle of infected cells, it is still unclear how it manipulates the cell cycle to facilitate its proliferation. In this study, we analyzed the mRNA expression profiles of transcription factors in PRRSV-infected 3D4/21 cells by RNA-sequencing. The result shows that the expression of transcription factor DP2 (TFDP2) is remarkably upregulated in PRRSV-infected cells. Further studies show that TFDP2 contributes to PRRSV proliferation and the PRRSV nucleocapsid (N) protein induces TFDP2 expression by activating C/EBPß. TFDP2 positively regulates cyclin A expression and triggers a less proportion of cells in the S phase, which contributes to PRRSV proliferation. This study proposes a novel mechanism by which PRRSV utilizes host protein to regulate the cell cycle to favor its infection. Findings from this study will help us for a better understanding of PRRSV pathogenesis.

11.
Vet Microbiol ; 259: 109150, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144506

RESUMO

Interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral responses are central to host defense against viral infection. Porcine viral infection has emerged as a serious hazard for the pig industry. The construction of an engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain that efficiently produces porcine IFN has demonstrated several advantages. It can be easily fed to pigs, which helps in reducing antibiotic residues in pork and improve meat quality. In this study, the stable expression of several porcine IFN molecules (pIFN-α1, pIFN-ß, pIFN-λ1, pIFN-λ1-ß, pIFN-λ1-ß-α1) were determined using an engineered S. cerevisiae system. With the YeastFab assembly method, the complete transcriptional units containing promoter (GPD), secretory peptide (α-mating factor), target gene (IFN) and terminator (ADH1) were successfully constructed using the characteristics of type II restriction endonuclease, and then integrated into the chromosomes Ⅳ and XVI of ST1814 yeast host strain, respectively. The expression kinetics of recombinant pIFNs were further analyzed. Synergism in the expression level of IFN receptor, antiviral protein, and viral loading was observed in viral-cell infection model treated with different porcine IFN subtypes. The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viral load and antibody titer in serum decreased significantly after oral administration of IFN expression yeast fermentation broth. These findings indicate the potential efficacy of multi-valent pIFNs expressing S. cerevisiae as a potent feed material to prevent viral infections of pigs.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016824

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of age and cycloplegia on the morphology of crystalline lens using a swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system. SETTING: hospital. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: Seventy six individuals (age range, 18 to 86 years) were recruited. The parameters including anterior chamber depth (ACD), the radii of curvature of the anterior and posterior surface of crystalline lens (ALR and PLR), lens thickness (LT), lens equatorial diameter (LED), and lens vault (LV), were quantified by the SS-CT before and after cycloplegia. Paired t-test was used to compare the parameters before and after cycloplegia. A multivariate linear regression model was built to analyze the association between the parameters/cycloplegia-induced changes and age, while adjusting for the effect of axial length, refractive status and sex. RESULTS: The ALR and ACD were negatively correlated with age (P ≤ .002), and the LT, LV and LED were positively correlated with age (P ≤ .004). In participants younger than 60 years old, the ALR and ACD significantly increased while the LV and LT significantly decreased after cycloplegia (all P < .001). With aging, cycloplegia-induced differences of ALR (P = .001) and ACD (P = .014) significantly decreased, and of LT (P < .001), LT (P < .001) and LV (P = .001) significantly increased. CONCLUSIONS: The crystalline lens morphology measured by the SS-OCT revealed steepening anterior surface and increasing equatorial diameter with age. Cycloplegia caused a significant change of anterior surface morphology in participants under 60 years, and this effect diminished with age.

13.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982437

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To comprehensively compare visual quality between small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK). METHODS: Sixty-four eyes in the SMILE group and 42 eyes in the tPRK group were enrolled in this study. In both groups, visual acuity, manifest refraction, higher-order aberrations (HOAs), contrast sensitivity (CS) at four spatial frequencies (3, 6, 12, 18 c/d) under three conditions (photopic, low glare, high glare), the cut-off value of the modulation transfer function (MTFcut-off), the objective scatter index (OSI) and the Strehl ratio (SR) were measured preoperatively and 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: At 6 months postoperatively, the SMILE and tPRK groups showed similar safety, efficacy and predictability. Additionally, MTFcut-off, SR and OSI exhibited comparable results. In contrast, the photopic area under the logarithm of the CS function (AULCSF) showed better outcomes in the tPRK group than in the SMILE group (SMILE versus tPRK: 1.21 ± 0.10 versus 1.25 ± 0.09, p = 0.014). Furthermore, the induced coma aberrations were larger in the SMILE group (SMILE versus tPRK: 0.10 ± 0.16 versus 0.06 ± 0.12, 95% CI [0.08, 0.31], p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Both SMILE and tPRK obtained comparable visual quality at 6 months postoperatively, accompanied by better photopic CS and smaller induced coma aberrations with tPRK. Paying more attention to alignment or developing a centration technique would be beneficial for visual quality when performing SMILE.

15.
Virol Sin ; 36(2): 207-219, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915442

RESUMO

African swine fever virus (ASFV) infects domestic pigs and European wild boars with strong, hemorrhagic and high mortality. The primary cellular targets of ASFV is the porcine macrophages. Up to now, no commercial vaccine or effective treatment available to control the disease. In this study, three recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) strains expressing fused ASFV proteins-porcine Ig heavy chains were constructed and the immunogenicity of the S. cerevisiae-vectored cocktail ASFV feeding vaccine was further evaluated. To be specific, the P30-Fcγ and P54-Fcα fusion proteins displaying on surface of S. cerevisiae cells were produced by fusing the Fc fragment of porcine immunoglobulin IgG1 or IgA1 with p30 or p54 gene of ASFV respectively. The recombinant P30-Fcγ and P54-Fcα fusion proteins expressed by S. cerevisiae were verified by Western blotting, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence assay. Porcine immunoglobulin Fc fragment fused P30/P54 proteins elicited P30/P54-specific antibody production and induced higher mucosal immunity in swine. The absorption and phagocytosis of recombinant S. cerevisiae strains in IPEC-J2 cells or porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) cells were significantly enhanced, too. Here, we introduce a kind of cheap and safe oral S. cerevisiae-vectored vaccine, which could activate the specific mucosal immunity for controlling ASFV infection.

16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 253: 117216, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278980

RESUMO

Uveitis is one of the most popular blind-causing eye diseases worldwide. Adalimumab (ADA) is used for the uveitis treatment through systemic or intravitreal injection at the expense of systemic side effects and increased medical risks. Although eye drops, a non-invasive topical treatment, could be a potential strategy to reduce side effects, it remains challenging to apply due to limited bioavailability mainly linked to poor retention time and permeation capacity for eye biological barriers. Here, we reported hydrogel eye drops composed of low-deacetylated chitosan and ß-glycerophosphate as an ADA carrier and tested its toxicity, tolerability, intraocular permeability, and efficacy of non-invasive treatment for uveitis. It's found the ADA-loaded hydrogel eye drops were more efficient than free ADA both in permeation rate and clinical efficacy for uveitis, Overall, this study provides a friendly non-invasive strategy to improve drug permeation rate and uveitis treatment efficacy, which may be valuable to clinically ophthalmic medication.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Administração Oftálmica , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Hidrogéis/administração & dosagem , Soluções Oftálmicas/administração & dosagem , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab/farmacocinética , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Materiais Biocompatíveis/administração & dosagem , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Quitosana , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Glicerofosfatos , Hidrogéis/química , Masculino , Soluções Oftálmicas/química , Permeabilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Microorganisms ; 8(12)2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256026

RESUMO

Clostridium perfringens α toxin (CPA) is an important virulence factor that causes livestock hemorrhagic enteritis and food poisoning by contaminated meat products. In this study, the nano-silica microspheres combined with smartphone image processing technology was developed to realize real-time CPA detection. First, the N-terminal and C-terminal domain of the CPA toxin (CPAC3 and CPAN) and their anti-sera were prepared. The silica microspheres coupled with the antibody of CPAC3 was prepared to capture the toxin that existed in the detection sample and the fluorescent-labeled antibody of CPAN was incubated. Moreover, the fluorescent pictures of gray value were performed in a cell phone app, corresponding to toxin concentration. The new assay takes 90 min to perform and can detect CPA as little as 32.8 ng/mL. Our results showed a sensitive, stable, and convenient CPA detection system, which provides a novel detection method of native CPA in foods.

18.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 17(12): 1323-1332, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135507

RESUMO

Background: The accurate evaluation of corneal thickness (CT) post small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) is clinically relevant to reduce the risk of complications. We aimed to analyze repeatability and agreement of central corneal thickness (CCT), thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), and mid-peripheral corneal thickness (MPCT) measurements using Scheimpflug imaging, anterior segment swept-source optical coherence tomography (AS-SS-OCT, CASIA 1000, Tomey), and ultrasound pachymetry (USP, SP-3000, Tomey) in eyes with previous SMILE. Methods: Ninety-one eyes of 91 patients were included. Within-subject standard deviation (Sw), test-retest repeatability (TRT), intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and coefficient of variation (CoV) were used to evaluate repeatability. Agreement was assessed by repeat-measurement analysis of variance and Bland-Altman analysis. Results: The above three instruments revealed that Sw was <5.91 µm, CoV was <1.08%, TRT was <16.38 µm, and ICC was >0.94. The 95% limits of agreement were relatively narrow and Bland-Altman plots were more concentrated at the CCT, at the TCT, and at the CT2mm. However, it was shown to be wide at the CT5mm. Conclusions: The three devices provide good repeatability of CT measurements in patients who undergone SMILE. Agreement between measurements at the CCT, TCT, and CT2mm were high, but measurement agreements among CT5mm revealed poor agreement.


Assuntos
Córnea , Adolescente , Adulto , Córnea/cirurgia , Paquimetria Corneana/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242682

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and risk of cataract surgery (phacoemulsification with intraocular lens [IOL] implantation) combined with endoscopic goniosynechialysis (EGSL) for advanced primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG). DESIGN: Retrospective, continuous case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16 patients (18 eyes) with advanced PACG were enrolled in this study between February 2014 and March 2016. Advanced glaucoma inclusion criteria were based on the method proposed in the Advanced Glaucoma Intervention Study, with a visual field score of 18 points or more. METHODS: All patients underwent cataract surgery with EGSL by the same experienced surgeon. Paired t test and generalized estimating equation analyses were performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The extent of peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS), number of intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering drugs, IOP, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and visual fields before and after surgery. The incidence of complications was recorded. RESULTS: The mean follow-up duration was 13.8 months (standard deviation, 2.7 months). The mean difference (preoperative minus postoperative) in PAS was 202.7° (95% confidence interval [CI], 43.5°). The mean difference (preoperative minus postoperative) in the number of IOP-lowering drugs and IOP was 2.0 (95% CI, ±0.5), and 9.4 mmHg (95% CI, ±2.1 mmHg) respectively. The mean improvement in BCVA was 0.29 logMAR (95% CI, ±0.14). A positive correlation was found between the extent of postoperative PAS and postoperative IOP (B = 8.2; P < 0.001) and also between postoperative PAS and postoperative number of IOP-lowering drugs (B = 28.9; P < 0.001). Anterior chamber hemorrhage and exudation occurred in 4 patients and 2 patients, respectively, after surgery. Posterior capsular opacification occurred in 5 patients after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Cataract surgery with EGSL could be an effective surgical method for the treatment of advanced PACG.

20.
ACS Nano ; 14(11): 15403-15416, 2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174744

RESUMO

Human choroidal melanoma (HCM) is one of the most common primary intraocular tumors and easily provokes liver metastases owing to the lack of sensitive and noninvasive therapeutic methods. Concerning the imaging diagnostics and therapeutic predicaments for choroidal melanoma, we designed microenvironment-triggered degradable hydrogels (RENP-ICG@PNIPAM:Dox-FA) based on ultrasmall (<5 nm) rare-earth nanoparticles (RENPs) with enhanced NIR-II luminescence. The ultrasmall diameter can significantly enhance the NIR-II luminescence performance of RENPs. RENPs were encapsulated by a dual-response PNIPAM hydrogel, which could release drug by responding to heat energy and glutathione under the tumor microenvironment. The in vitro/in vivo NIR-II imaging detection and antitumor activity were also compared systematically after different treatment conditions on ocular choroidal melanoma-1 cells and tumor-bearing mice, respectively. Besides, the degradability of the hydrogel composites under physiological conditions could be conducive to enhance the photothermal-chemotherapeutic effect and alleviate long-term biological toxicity. Our work on the microenvironment-triggered hydrogels with enhanced NIR imaging and easy metabolism may provide a promising strategy for sensitive and noninvasive imaging and phototherapy in ocular tumors.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Nanopartículas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina , Hidrogéis , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Fototerapia , Microambiente Tumoral
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