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1.
Pharmacol Res ; 171: 105574, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419228

RESUMO

Currently, conventional methods of treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have many disadvantages. An alternative effective therapy with minimal adverse reactions is urgently needed. Weijing decoction (WJD), which is a classic ancient Chinese herbal prescription, has been used successfully to treat pulmonary system diseases containing lung cancer in the clinic. However, the key active component and target of Weijing decoction are still unexplored. Therefore, for the first time, our study aims to investigate the pharmacological treatment mechanism of Weijing decoction in treating NSCLC via an integrated model of network pharmacology, metabolomics and biological methods. Network pharmacology results conjectured that Tricin is a main bioactive component in this formula which targets PRKCA to suppress cancer cell growth. Metabolomics analysis demonstrated that sphingosine-1-phosphate, which is regulated by sphingosine kinase 1 and sphingosine kinase 2, is a differential metabolite in plasma between the WJD-treated group and the control group, participating in the sphingolipid signaling. In vitro experiments demonstrated that Tricin had vital effects on the proliferation, pro-apoptosis, migration and colony formation of Lewis lung carcinoma cells. Through a series of validation assays, Tricin inhibited the tumor growth mainly by suppressing PRKCA/SPHK/S1P signaling and antiapoptotic signaling. On the other hand, Weijing formula could inhibit the tumor growth and prolong the survival time. A high dosage of Tricin was much more potent in animal experiments. In conclusion, we confirmed that Weijing formula and its primary active compound Tricin are promising alternative treatments for NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolômica , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Esfingolipídeos/metabolismo
2.
Cancer Lett ; 515: 36-48, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052328

RESUMO

Upregulated expression of immune checkpoint molecules correlates with exhausted phenotype and impaired function of cytotoxic T cells to evade host immunity. By disrupting the interaction of PD-L1 and PD1, immune checkpoint inhibitors can restore immune system function against cancer cells. Growing evidence have demonstrated apigenin and luteolin, which are flavonoids abundant in common fruits and vegetables, can suppress growth and induce apoptosis of multiple types of cancer cells with their potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer properties. In this study, the effects and underlying mechanisms of luteolin, apigenin, and anti-PD-1 antibody combined with luteolin or apigenin on the PD-L1 expression and anti-tumorigenesis in KRAS-mutant lung cancer were investigated. Luteolin and apigenin significantly inhibited lung cancer cell growth, induced cell apoptosis, and down-regulated the IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 expression by suppressing the phosphorylation of STAT3. Both luteolin and apigenin showed potent anti-cancer activities in the H358 xenograft and Lewis lung carcinoma model in vivo, and the treatment with monoclonal PD1 antibody enhanced the infiltration of T cells into tumor tissues. Apigenin exhibited anti-tumor activity in Genetically engineered KRASLA2 mice. In conclusion, both apigenin and luteolin significantly suppressed lung cancer with KRAS mutant proliferation, and down-regulated the IFN-γ induced PD-L1 expression. Treatment with the combination of PD-1 blockade and apigenin/luteolin has a synergistic effect and might be a prospective therapeutic strategy for NSCLC with KRAS-mutant.


Assuntos
Apigenina/farmacologia , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Luteolina/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Células A549 , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Nus
3.
Pharmacol Res ; 169: 105656, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964470

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers and the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Therefore, new therapeutic agents are urgently needed to improve patient outcomes. Plumbagin (PLB), a natural sesquiterpene present in many Chinese herbal medicines, has been reported for its anti-cancer activity in various cancer cells. In this study, the effects and underlying mechanisms of PLB on the tumorigenesis of NSCLC were investigated. PLB dose-dependently inhibited the growth of NSCLC cell lines. PLB promoted ROS production, activated the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway, and induced cell apoptosis, accompanied by the decreased expression level of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) in NSCLC cancer cells, and those effects of PLB could be reversed by the pretreatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). More importantly, the calcium chelator (BM) significantly reversed PLB-induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, PLB significantly inhibited the growth of both H1975 xenograft and LLC1 tumors and exhibited antitumor activity by enhancing the number and the effector function of CD8+ T cells in KRASLA2 mice model and the LLC1 xenograft. Our findings suggest that PLB exerts potent antitumor activity against NSCLC in vitro and in vivo through ARF1 downregulation and induction of antitumor immune response, indicating that PLB is a new novel therapeutic candidate for the treatment of patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Fator 1 de Ribosilação do ADP/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Naftoquinonas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Nus , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Transplante de Neoplasias
4.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 249, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence showed that regulating tumor microenvironment plays a vital role in improving antitumor efficiency. Programmed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) is expressed in many cancer cell types, while its binding partner Programmed Death 1 (PD1) is expressed in activated T cells and antigen-presenting cells. Whereas, its dysregulation in the microenvironment is poorly understood. In the present study, we confirmed that evodiamine downregulates MUC1-C, resulting in modulating PD-L1 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Cell viability was measured by MTT assays. Apoptosis, cell cycle and surface PD-L1 expression on NSCLC cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The expression of MUC1-C and PD-L1 mRNA was measured by real time RT-PCR methods. Protein expression was examined in evodiamine-treated NSCLC cells using immunoblotting or immunofluorescence assays. The effects of evodiamine treatment on NSCLC sensitivity towards T cells were investigated using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and Jurkat, apoptosis and IL-2 secretion assays. Female H1975 xenograft nude mice were used to assess the effect of evodiamine on tumorigenesis in vivo. Lewis lung carcinoma model was used to investigate the therapeutic effects of combination evodiamine and anti-PD-1 treatment. RESULTS: We showed that evodiamine significantly inhibited growth, induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G2 phase of NSCLC cells. Evodiamine suppressed IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 expression in H1975 and H1650. MUC1-C mRNA and protein expression were decreased by evodiamine in NSCLC cells as well. Evodiamine could downregulate the PD-L1 expression and diminish the apoptosis of T cells. It inhibited MUC1-C expression and potentiated CD8+ T cell effector function. Meanwhile, evodiamine showed good anti-tumor activity in H1975 tumor xenograft, which reduced tumor size. Evodiamine exhibited anti-tumor activity by elevation of CD8+ T cells in vivo in Lewis lung carcinoma model. Combination evodiamine and anti-PD-1 mAb treatment enhanced tumor growth control and survival of mice. CONCLUSIONS: Evodiamine can suppress NSCLC by elevating of CD8+ T cells and downregulating of the MUC1-C/PD-L1 axis. Our findings uncover a novel mechanism of action of evodiamine and indicate that evodiamine represents a potential targeted agent suitable to be combined with immunotherapeutic approaches to treat NSCLC cancer patients. MUC1-C overexpression is common in female, non-smoker, patients with advanced-stage adenocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Mucina-1/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Transfecção
5.
Pharmacol Res ; 161: 105129, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783976

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most prevalent type of lung cancer. However, there has been little improvement in its cure rate in the last 30 years, due to its intricate heterogeneity and drug resistance. Accumulating evidences have demonstrated that dysregulation of calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis contributes to oncogenesis and promotes tumor development. Inhibitors of Ca2+ channels/transporters to restore intracellular Ca2+ level were found to arrest tumor cell division, induce apoptosis, and suppress tumor growth both in vitro and in vivo. Dolutegravir (DTG), which is a first-line drug for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDs) treatment, has been shown to increase intracellular Ca2+ levels and Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in human erythrocytes, leading to suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis. To explore the potential of DTG as an antitumor agent, we have designed and synthesized a panel of compounds based on the principle of biologically active substructure splicing of DTG. Our data demonstrated that 7-methoxy-4-methyl-6,8-dioxo-N-(3-(1-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)phenyl)-3,4,6,8,12,12a-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[1',2':4,5]pyrazino[2,1-b][1,3]oxazine-9-carboxamide (DTHP), a novel derivative of DTG, strongly inhibited the colony-forming ability and proliferation of NSCLC cells, but displayed no cytotoxicity to normal lung cells. DTHP treatment also induced apoptosis and upregulate intracellular Ca2+ level in NSCLC cells significantly. Inhibiting Ca2+ signaling alleviated DTHP-induced apoptosis, suggesting the perturbation of intracellular Ca2+ is responsible for DTHP-induced apoptosis. We further discovered that DTHP activates AMPK signaling pathway through binding to SERCA, a Ca2+-ATPase. On the other hand, DTHP treatment promoted mitochondrial ROS production, causing mitochondrial dysfunction and cell death. Finally, DTHP effectively inhibited tumor growth in the mouse xenograft model of lung cancer with low toxicity to normal organs. Taken together, our work identified DTHP as a superior antitumor agent, which will provide a novel strategy for the treatment of NSCLC with potential clinical application.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Oxazinas/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Piridonas/farmacologia , Células A549 , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos Nus , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio do Retículo Sarcoplasmático/metabolismo , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
6.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 18: 1534735419890020, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838881

RESUMO

Conventional methods in treating non-small cell lung cancer contain surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and targeted therapy, which have various defects. Recently, with the deeper research on tumor immunity, immunotherapy has made the breakthrough in the treatment of cancers. Especially developments of programmed cell death-1/programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitors bring the therapy into a new stage. This review mainly focuses on introducing existing monoclonal antibodies containing nivolumab, pembrolizumab, atezolizumab, avelumab, and durvalumab, along with 3 ordinary biomarkers such as PD-L1 expression, tumor mutation burden, and microsatellite instability. By understanding the resistance mechanism of anti-PD-1/L1 blockade, research is further improving the survival benefit and expanding the benefit population. So, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors begin to be combined with various therapeutic strategies clinically. Discussion and comparison of their effectiveness and safety are also comprehensively reviewed. Meanwhile, we explore the potential, the impact, and mechanisms of combining traditional Chinese medicine with immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos
7.
Int J Cancer ; 145(5): 1334-1345, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786019

RESUMO

Oncogenic KRAS is considered a promising target for anti-cancer therapy. However, direct pharmacological strategies targeting KRAS-driven cancers remained unavailable. The prenyl-binding protein PDEδ, a transporter of KRAS, has been identified as a potential target for pharmacological inhibitor by selectively binding to its prenyl-binding pocket, impairing oncogenic KRAS signaling pathway. Here, we discovered a novel PDEδ inhibitor (E)-N'-((3-(tert-butyl)-2-hydroxy-6,7,8,9-tetrahydrodibenzo[b,dfuran-1-yl)methylene)-2,4-dihydroxybenzohydrazide(NHTD) by using a high-throughput docking-based virtual screening approach. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that NHTD suppressed proliferation, induced apoptosis and inhibited oncogenic K-RAS signaling pathways by disrupting KRAS-PDEδ interaction in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring KRAS mutations. NHTD redistributed the localization of KRAS to endomembranes by targeting the prenyl-binding pocket of PDEδ and exhibited the suppression of abnormal KRAS function. Importantly, NHTD prevented tumor growth in xenograft and KRAS mutant mouse model, which presents an effective strategy targeting KRAS-driven cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 6/antagonistas & inibidores , Hidrazonas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Células A549 , Animais , Benzofuranos/farmacocinética , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/enzimologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 6/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrazonas/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Células NIH 3T3 , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(8): 1360-7, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25039165

RESUMO

Extraction is the critical link during pharmaceutical process of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which is directly related to the quality of drugs. So the key to technology upgrading of pharmaceutical equipment in Chinese materia medica enterprise is the development of new extraction techniques, which concerns the modernization of TCM. In this paper, fundamentals, traits, and development status of new extraction technologies were firstly introduced, including ultrasound extraction, microwave extraction, super fluid extraction, semi-bionic extraction method, enzymatic treatment extraction, continuous countercurrent extraction, vacuum extraction. Then information of projects supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China was analyzed in order to recognize the assistance and research results of new extraction techniques. The patents authorized by the State Intellectual Property Office were also summarized for the purpose of understanding the achievement transformation. The information about extraction equipments was collected and screened to acquire the characteristics and market situation. The results showed that there are still problems about new extraction technologies, such as weak basic study, hard transformation of achievements, and the disconnection between research study and practical application. It is necessary to discuss the approaches and methods for accelerating the transformation of fundamental research, which will provide references for the long-term development of new extraction techniques of TCM.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Plantas Medicinais/química , /tendências , Química Farmacêutica/economia , Química Farmacêutica/tendências , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/economia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/economia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/tendências
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