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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593428

RESUMO

An ultra-sensitive nitric oxide (NO) gas sensor based on the graphene oxide (GO) coated long period fiber grating (LPFG) was constructed successfully due to its excellent sensitivity to the surrounding refractive index (SRI) change. The surface morphology and structure of GO coated on LPFG were characterized by the scanning electron microscope (SEM), scanning probe microscope (SPM) and Raman spectroscopy, respectively. The adsorption principle of NO molecules by GO was calculated in detail by density functional theory (DFT) and further characterized by fourier transformation infrared spectrometer (FT-TR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Our studies demonstrate that the adsorption principle of NO molecules by GO was the combined effect of physical adsorption and chemical adsorption because of the formation of C-N bonds between GO and NO, and the oxidization of NO to NO2. The NO sensor exhibits excellent sensing performance in the NO concentration range of 0 to 400 ppm.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e1904607, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583783

RESUMO

Inflammation is a common cause of many acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. A major limitation of existing anti-inflammatory therapeutics is that they cannot simultaneously regulate pro-inflammatory cytokine production, oxidative stress, and recruitment of neutrophils and macrophages. To overcome this limitation, nanoparticles (NPs) with multiple pharmacological activities are synthesized, using a chemically modified cyclic oligosaccharide. The manufacture of this type of bioactive, saccharide material-based NPs (defined as LCD NP) is straightforward, cost-effective, and scalable. Functionally, LCD NP effectively inhibits inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and cell migration for both neutrophils and macrophages, two major players of inflammation. Therapeutically, LCD NP shows desirable efficacies for the treatment of acute and chronic inflammatory diseases in mouse models of peritonitis, acute lung injury, and atherosclerosis. Mechanistically, the therapeutic benefits of LCD NP are achieved by inhibiting neutrophil-mediated inflammatory macrophage recruitment and by preventing subsequent pro-inflammatory events. In addition, LCD NP shows good safety profile in a mouse model. Thus, LCD NP can serve as an effective anti-inflammatory nanotherapy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases mainly associated with neutrophil and macrophage infiltration.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584585

RESUMO

The atomic order, electronic structure and thermodynamic stability of nickel aluminate, NiAl2O4, have been analyzed using periodic density functional theory and cluster expansion. NiAl2O4 forms a tetragonal structure with P4122 space group. At temperatures below 800 K, it is an inverse spinel, with Ni occupying the octahedral sites and Al occupying both the octahedral and the tetrahedral sites. Some Niocta + Altetra ⇌ Nitetra + Alocta exchange occurs above 800 K, but the structure remains largely inverse at high temperatures, with about 95% Niocta at 1500 K. Various functionals, with and without van der Waals corrections, were used to predict the experimental formation energy, lattice parameters and electronic structure. In all cases, the NiAl2O4 is found to be ferromagnetic and a semiconductor with an indirect band gap along the Γ â†’ M symmetry points. NiAl2O4 is found to be thermodynamically stable at operating conditions of 900-1000 K and 1 atm relative to its competing oxide phases, NiO and Al2O3.

4.
Schizophr Bull ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603232

RESUMO

Although schizophrenia is a brain disorder, increasing evidence suggests that there may be body-wide involvement in this illness. However, direct evidence of brain structures involved in the presumed peripheral-central interaction in schizophrenia is still unclear. Seventy-nine previously treatment-naïve first-episode schizophrenia patients who were within 2-week antipsychotics initial stabilization, and 41 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Group differences in subcortical brain regional structures measured by MRI and the subclinical cardiovascular, metabolic, immune, and neuroendocrine biomarkers as indexed by allostatic load, and their associations were explored. Compared with controls, patients with schizophrenia had significantly higher allostatic load (P = .001). Lateral ventricle (P < .001), choroid plexus (P < .001), and thalamus volumes (P < .001) were significantly larger, whereas amygdala volume (P = .001) was significantly smaller in patients. The choroid plexus alone was significantly correlated with higher allostatic load after age, sex, education level, and the total intracranial volume were taken into account (t = 3.60, P < .001). Allostatic load was also significantly correlated with PANSS positive (r = 0.28, P = .016) and negative (r = -0.31, P = .008) symptoms, but in opposite directions. The peripheral multisystemic and central nervous system abnormalities in schizophrenia may interact through the choroid plexus during the early stage of the illness. The choroid plexus might provide a sensitive structural biomarker to study the treatment and prevention of brain-periphery interaction abnormalities in schizophrenia.

5.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is a common complication in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), signaling dismal outcomes. This study was conducted to evaluate the survival benefit of postoperative portal vein perfusion chemotherapy (PVC) in patients with HCC and PVTT. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in 401 consecutive patients with HCC and PVTT who underwent hepatic resection between January 2009 and December 2015 and 67 patients received adjuvant postoperative PVC. A propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match patients with and without PVC at a ratio of 1:1. RESULTS: After PSM, the median time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS) were significantly longer in PVC group compared with control group (12.3 vs 5.8 months, P = .001; 19.0 vs 13.4 months, P = .037; respectively). At 1, 2, 3, and 5 years, the cumulative recurrence rates in PVC group were 48.1%, 86.5%, 92.3% ,96.2%, respectively, with OS rates of 63.8%, 37.9%, 24.4%, 18.3%, respectively; whereas cumulative recurrence rates of 76.6%, 91.5%, 94.3%, and 97.2%, respectively and OS rates of 55.4%, 23.0%, 12.4%, and 12.4%, respectively were recorded for the control group. In multivariate analysis, postoperative PVC emerged as a significant predictor for TTR (hazard ratio [HR], 0.523; P = .001) and OS (HR, 0.591; P = .010). PVC could reduce early recurrence (≤1 year) rate after surgical resection (40.3% vs 64.2%, P = .006) and clinical outcomes were further enhanced by adding sorafenib to postoperative PVC. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with surgical resection alone, postoperative adjuvant PVC treatment boosts survival and reduces early tumor recurrences in patients surgically treated for HCC and PVTT.

6.
J Clin Neurophysiol ; 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567646

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hereditary skeletal muscle channelopathies are characterized by muscle stiffness and/or periodic muscle weakness because of different gene mutations. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical and electromyographic phenotypes in Chinese patients with different skeletal ion channel mutations. METHODS: The electromyographic results of 61 Chinese patients with skeletal muscle channelopathies were retrospectively reviewed and the differential features were characterized. RESULTS: Myotonic discharges were in patients with chloride voltage-gated channel 1 and sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 4 mutations. Subclinical myotonia was identified in four patients with hypokalemic periodic paralysis because of sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 4 mutations. Patients with potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily J member 2 mutations had an early decline after exercise (5.7 ± 4.9 minutes) and patients with calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha 1S mutations have a relatively lower baseline amplitude (4.6 ± 2 mV). Specific patterns were characterized in patients with Becker disease and paramyotonia congenital after short exercise. CONCLUSIONS: Myotonic discharges help to discriminate chloride and sodium from other channelopathies. Early decline and low baseline compound motor action potential amplitude in long exercise test are significant in patients with potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily J member 2 and calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha 1S mutations, respectively. Electromyographic patterns in the electromyography study and exercise test may help in better providing the comprehensive picture for patients with primary skeletal muscle channelopathies.

7.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2154, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572373

RESUMO

CD4+ T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, a new subset of immune cells, have been demonstrated to be involved in granulomatous responses to Schistosoma japonicum (S. japonicum) infection. However, the role and underlying mechanisms of Tfh cell aggregation in S. japonicum infection remain incompletely understood. In this study, we provide evidence that S. japonicum infection enhances the accumulation of Tfh cells in the spleen, lymph nodes, and peripheral blood of C57BL/6 mice. Infection-induced Tfh cells exhibited more potent effects directly on B cell responses than the control Tfh cells (P < 0.05). Furthermore, reduced apoptosis of Tfh cells was found both in S. japonicum infected mice and in soluble egg antigen (SEA) treated Tfh cells (P < 0.05). Mechanistic studies reveal that caspase-3 is the primary drivers of down-regulated apoptotic Tfh cell death in S. japonicum infection. In summary, this study demonstrates that Tfh cell accumulation might have an impact on the generation of immune responses in S. japonicum infection, and caspase-3 signaling mediated apoptosis down-regulation might responsible for the accumulation of Tfh cell in this course.

8.
Lancet Oncol ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal cancers (including oesophageal cancer and gastric cancer) are the most common cancers worldwide. Artificial intelligence platforms using deep learning algorithms have made remarkable progress in medical imaging but their application in upper gastrointestinal cancers has been limited. We aimed to develop and validate the Gastrointestinal Artificial Intelligence Diagnostic System (GRAIDS) for the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal cancers through analysis of imaging data from clinical endoscopies. METHODS: This multicentre, case-control, diagnostic study was done in six hospitals of different tiers (ie, municipal, provincial, and national) in China. The images of consecutive participants, aged 18 years or older, who had not had a previous endoscopy were retrieved from all participating hospitals. All patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer lesions (including oesophageal cancer and gastric cancer) that were histologically proven malignancies were eligible for this study. Only images with standard white light were deemed eligible. The images from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were randomly assigned (8:1:1) to the training and intrinsic verification datasets for developing GRAIDS, and the internal validation dataset for evaluating the performance of GRAIDS. Its diagnostic performance was evaluated using an internal and prospective validation set from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (a national hospital) and additional external validation sets from five primary care hospitals. The performance of GRAIDS was also compared with endoscopists with three degrees of expertise: expert, competent, and trainee. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of GRAIDS and endoscopists for the identification of cancerous lesions were evaluated by calculating the 95% CIs using the Clopper-Pearson method. FINDINGS: 1 036 496 endoscopy images from 84 424 individuals were used to develop and test GRAIDS. The diagnostic accuracy in identifying upper gastrointestinal cancers was 0·955 (95% CI 0·952-0·957) in the internal validation set, 0·927 (0·925-0·929) in the prospective set, and ranged from 0·915 (0·913-0·917) to 0·977 (0·977-0·978) in the five external validation sets. GRAIDS achieved diagnostic sensitivity similar to that of the expert endoscopist (0·942 [95% CI 0·924-0·957] vs 0·945 [0·927-0·959]; p=0·692) and superior sensitivity compared with competent (0·858 [0·832-0·880], p<0·0001) and trainee (0·722 [0·691-0·752], p<0·0001) endoscopists. The positive predictive value was 0·814 (95% CI 0·788-0·838) for GRAIDS, 0·932 (0·913-0·948) for the expert endoscopist, 0·974 (0·960-0·984) for the competent endoscopist, and 0·824 (0·795-0·850) for the trainee endoscopist. The negative predictive value was 0·978 (95% CI 0·971-0·984) for GRAIDS, 0·980 (0·974-0·985) for the expert endoscopist, 0·951 (0·942-0·959) for the competent endoscopist, and 0·904 (0·893-0·916) for the trainee endoscopist. INTERPRETATION: GRAIDS achieved high diagnostic accuracy in detecting upper gastrointestinal cancers, with sensitivity similar to that of expert endoscopists and was superior to that of non-expert endoscopists. This system could assist community-based hospitals in improving their effectiveness in upper gastrointestinal cancer diagnoses. FUNDING: The National Key R&D Program of China, the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, the Science and Technology Program of Guangdong, the Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592563

RESUMO

Ethylene, a key chemical in the synthesis of plastics, fibres, rubbers, solvents and many other necessary chemicals , is produced from petroleum- and coal-based industrial chemical processes. Commercial bioethanol is a renewable low-cost feedstock that can be readily converted into ethylene by dehydration process using solid acids, such as Brønsted acidic H-ZSM-5 zeolites, and thus it is an ideal candidate to replace petroleum and coal for the sustainable production of ethylene. In this work, strong Lewis acidic extra-framework tri-coordinated Al 3+ species were introduced into H-ZSM-5 zeolites to improve their catalytic activity. Remarkably, Al 3+ species working with Brønsted acid sites can accelerate ethanol dehydration at the much lower reaction temperature and short unsteady-state period within 1~2 h, compared to > 9 h for those without Al 3+ species, which can significantly enhance the ethanol dehydration efficiency and reduce the cost. Reaction mechanism studied by solid-state NMR shows that strong Lewis acidic EFAl-Al 3+ species can collaborate with Brønsted acid sites and promote ethanol dehydration either directly or indirectly via an aromatics-based cycle to produce ethylene dehydration.

10.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522389

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association between multimorbidity and disability and impaired physical performance, and to further evaluate the mediating effect of physical pain in this association. METHODS: 1321 community-dwelling older adults, who were over 60 years old in southern China, were regarded as participants in this cross-sectional study. Subjects completed a multi-instrument questionnaire including essential characteristics and physical function assessments. Physical function was assessed by activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), index of mobility scale (NAGI), index of basic physical activities scale (RB), and short physical performance battery (SPPB). Multimorbidity was defined as the simultaneous presence of two or more chronic conditions. Multivariable regression and mediation analyses were conducted and gender differences were explored. RESULTS: The prevalence of multimorbidity was 44.6% in our study. In gender stratification analysis, multimorbidity was significantly associated with ADL disability (OR = 2.16), IADL disability (OR = 1.97), NAGI disability (OR = 2.84), RB disability (OR = 2.65) and lower SPPB score (ß = - 0.83) in women. The rate of pain increased with the number of chronic diseases and the multimorbidity patients with higher pain prevalence. Moreover, the presence of pain was also significantly associated with disability and impaired physical performance. Mediation analysis illustrated that pain was accounted for 16.5% to 22.1% of the adverse effects of multimorbidity on disability and impaired physical performance in women. CONCLUSIONS: Multimorbidity was significantly associated with disability and impaired physical performance, and pain might be a mediating factor for adverse effects of multimorbidity on disability and impaired physical performance in women.

11.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530899

RESUMO

A major unanswered question is how a TCR discriminates between foreign and self-peptides presented on the APC surface. Here, we used in situ fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) to measure the distances of single TCR-pMHC bonds and the conformations of individual TCR-CD3ζ receptors at the membranes of live primary T cells. We found that a TCR discriminates between closely related peptides by forming single TCR-pMHC bonds with different conformations, and the most potent pMHC forms the shortest bond. The bond conformation is an intrinsic property that is independent of the binding affinity and kinetics, TCR microcluster formation, and CD4 binding. The bond conformation dictates the degree of CD3ζ dissociation from the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane via a positive calcium signaling feedback loop to precisely control the accessibility of CD3ζ ITAMs for phosphorylation. Our data revealed the mechanism by which a TCR deciphers the structural differences among peptides via the TCR-pMHC bond conformation.

12.
Langmuir ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475530

RESUMO

For the wide application of nanoparticles (NPs) (e.g., in nanotribology), it is of fundamental and practical importance to understand the self-assembly and lubrication behavior of confined NPs. In this work, a systematic study was conducted to probe the assembly and associated surface forces of spherical gold nanoparticles (Au NPs, diameter ∼5 nm) confined between pairs of mica (negatively charged) and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane modified mica (APTES-mica, positively charged) surfaces using a surface forces apparatus (SFA) under aqueous conditions. It is observed that Au NPs were squeezed out of the confined gap between two mica surfaces during the loading process, resulting from the repulsive electric-double layer force. In contrast, multilayers of Au NPs were confined between two APTES-mica surfaces because of the attractive double-layer force between oppositely charged Au NPs and APTES-mica. Interestingly, the interaction between Au NPs and APTES-mica is stronger than the interactions between Au NPs, resulting in the rearrangement of the confined Au NPs under shearing. Importantly, a large friction coefficient (µ > 0.7) with unexpected nonlinear stick-slip friction was observed when sliding two APTES-mica surfaces with thin layers of Au NPs (∼20 nm) confined in between. The observed stick-slip motion could be explained by the velocity-dependent friction model where a critical shear velocity was required for transiting from stick-slip to smooth sliding. Our study provides useful information on the assembly and interaction forces of confined nanoparticles on charged surfaces, with implications for predicting the behaviors of NPs under confinement in various engineering applications.

13.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 4908-4922, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499696

RESUMO

Steganography poses a serious challenge to forensics because investigators cannot identify even traces of secret messages embedded using a steganographer. Contrarily, the objective of locating steganalysis is to locate the embedded message, which should help extract the secret message. In this paper, a methodology of locating steganalysis using quantitative steganalysis is presented for multiple stego images with embedded messages along the same embedding path. Three typical quantitative steganalysis methods are applied to the methodology to locate the messages embedded using LSB re-placement. Experimental results show that the presented methods can reliably estimate the embedding positions, which verifies the validity of the presented methodology. The presented methodology points out a new use of quantitative steganalysis, and further demonstrates that it is necessary to design more precise quantitative steganalysis methods.

14.
JCI Insight ; 4(17)2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484831

RESUMO

`NK cell-mediated regulation of antigen-specific T cells can contribute to and exacerbate chronic viral infection, but the protective mechanisms against NK cell-mediated attack on T cell immunity are poorly understood. Here, we show that progranulin (PGRN) can reduce NK cell cytotoxicity through reduction of NK cell expansion, granzyme B transcription, and NK cell-mediated lysis of target cells. Following infection with the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), PGRN levels increased - a phenomenon dependent on the presence of macrophages and type I IFN signaling. Absence of PGRN in mice (Grn-/-) resulted in enhanced NK cell activity, increased NK cell-mediated killing of antiviral T cells, reduced antiviral T cell immunity, and increased viral burden, culminating in increased liver immunopathology. Depletion of NK cells restored antiviral immunity and alleviated pathology during infection in Grn-/- mice. In turn, PGRN treatment improved antiviral T cell immunity. Taken together, we identified PGRN as a critical factor capable of reducing NK cell-mediated attack of antiviral T cells.

15.
J Oleo Sci ; 68(9): 909-922, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484903

RESUMO

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of wheat gluten on gut microbiota from hamsters and also analyse whether alterations in microbiota could result in wheat gluten's lipid-lowering properties. Four weeks male hamsters were divided into 3 groups (n=10). Two hypercholesterolemic groups were fed for 35 days with hypercholesterolemic diet, containing 20% (w/w) wheat gluten or casein. Wheat gluten significantly reduced serum total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations, and also decreased the liver total cholesterol (TC), free cholesterol (FC), cholesterol ester (CE), triglycerides (TG) concentrations. Wheat gluten group had a higher fecal lipids, total cholesterol (TC) and bile acids (BA) than that of casein group (p < 0.05). Moreover, wheat gluten significantly increased total short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) concentrations in feces. Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene revealed that intake of wheat gluten decreased the relative abundances of Firmicutes and Erysipelotrichaceae, but to increased the relative abundances of Bateroidetes, Bacteroidales_S24-7_group and Ruminococcaceae. The lipid lowering properties of wheat gluten was associated with the lower ratio of Firmicutes/Bateroidetes, the lower of the bacterial taxa Erysipelotrichaceae and the higher of the bacterial taxa Bacteroidales_S24-7_group and Ruminococcaceae. These results suggest that wheat gluten modulate cholesterol metabolism by altering intestinal microflora.

16.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 143: 111599, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476600

RESUMO

The reliable quantitative analysis of tumor biomarkers in circulating blood is crucial for cancer early screening, therapy monitoring and prognostic prediction. Herein, a novel biosensor combing surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and surface molecularly imprinted polymer (SMIP) technology was developed for quantitative detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) that is closely related to several common cancers. Owing to the use of SMIP, recognition sites with high affinity to the target of interest can be well imprinted on the surface of SERS substrate, leading to a more stable and specific capture ability. In addition, two layers of core-shell nanoparticles were integrated to this SERS substrate to form highly efficient electromagnetic enhancement for SERS measurement via the generation of lots of "hot spot". Besides, a unique Raman reporter (CC) with silent Raman signals at 2024 cm-1 was capsulated in the nanoparticles to avoid the optical noises originating from endogenous molecules at fingerprint region (300-1800 cm-1). Meanwhile, we employed an internal standard molecular (CN) to real time correct the fluctuating signals of Raman reporter when performing the quantitative analysis. Due to these features, a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.064 pg mL-1 with the detection range of 0.1 pg mL-1 - 10 µg mL-1 can be achieved by this assay. Excitingly, this technology even showed wonderful performances for CEA detection in real blood from cancer patients, demonstrating great potential for biomarker-based cancer screening.

17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(32): 4749-4763, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver cancer is the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Socioeconomic development, indicated by the Human Development Index (HDI), is closely interconnected with public health. But the manner in which social development and medical advances influenced liver cancer patients in the past decade is still unknown. AIM: To investigate the influence of HDI on clinical outcomes for patients with existing liver cancer from 2008 to 2018. METHODS: The HDI values were obtained from the United Nations Development Programme, the age-standardized incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer were obtained from the GLOBOCAN database to calculate the mortality-to-incidence ratio, and the estimated 5-year net survival of patients with liver cancer was provided by the CONCORD-3 program. We then explored the association of mortality-to-incidence ratio and survival with HDI, with a focus on geographic variability across countries as well as temporal heterogeneity over the past decade. RESULTS: From 2008 to 2018, the epidemiology of liver cancer had changed across countries. Liver cancer mortality-to-incidence ratios were negatively correlated and showed good fit with a modified "dose-to-inhibition response" pattern with HDI (r = -0.548, P < 0.0001 for 2018; r = -0.617, P < 0.0001 for 2008). Cancer survival was positively associated with HDI (r = 0.408, P < 0.01) and negatively associated with mortality-to-incidence ratio (r = -0.346, P < 0.05), solidly confirming the interrelation among liver cancer outcome indicators and socioeconomic factors. Notably, in the past decade, the HDI values in most countries have increased alongside a decreasing tendency of liver cancer mortality-to-incidence ratios (P < 0.0001), and survival outcomes have simultaneously improved (P < 0.001), with significant disparities across countries. CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic factors have a significant influence on cancer outcomes. HDI values have increased along with improved cancer outcomes, with significant disparities among countries.

18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(9): 882-885, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen for potential variants of GCDH gene in 3 patients clinically diagnosed as glutaric aciduria type Ⅰ. METHODS: GCDH gene variants was detected by Sanger sequencing among the three children and their family members. RESULTS: Sanger sequencing showed that patient 1 carried compound heterozygosity variants of c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) and c.655G>A (p.Ala219Thr) of the GCDH gene, while his father and mother respectively carried heterozygous c.532G>A(p.Gly178Arg) and c.655G>A (p.Ala219Thr) variants. Patient 2 carried c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) and a novel c.1060G>T (p.Gly354Cys) compound heterozygous variant, while his father and mother respectively carried heterozygous c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) and c.1060G>T (p.Gly354Cys) variant. Patient 3 carried homozygous c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) variant of the GCDH gene, for which both of his parents were heterozygous carriers. CONCLUSION: The GCDH gene variant probably underlie the glutaric aciduria type Ⅰ among the 3 patients. Identifcation of the novel variant has enriched the spectrum of GCDH gene variants.


Assuntos
Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos/genética , Encefalopatias Metabólicas/genética , Glutaril-CoA Desidrogenase/deficiência , Feminino , Glutaril-CoA Desidrogenase/genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Med Gas Res ; 9(3): 127-132, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552875

RESUMO

Microglia participate in bi-directional control of brain repair after stroke. Previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen protects brain after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) by inhibiting inflammation, but the specific mechanism of anti-inflammatory effect of hydrogen is poorly understood. The goal of our study is to investigate whether inhalation of high concentration hydrogen (HCH) is able to attenuate I/R-induced microglia activation. Eighty C57B/L male mice were divided into four groups: sham, I/R, I/R + HCH and I/R + N2/O2 groups. Assessment of animals happened in "blind" matter. I/R was induced by occlusion of middle cerebral artery for one hour). After one hour, filament was withdrawn, which induced reperfusion. Hydrogen treated I/R animals inhaled mix of 66.7% H2 balanced with O2 for 90 minutes, starting immediately after initiation of reperfusion. Control animals (N2/O2) inhaled mix in which hydrogen was replaced with N2 for the same time (90 minutes). The brain injury, such as brain infarction and development of brain edema, as well as neurobehavioral deficits were determined 23 hours after reperfusion. Effect of HCH on microglia activation in the ischemic penumbra was investigated by immunostaining also 23 hours after reperfusion. mRNA expression of inflammation related genes was detected by PCR. Our results showed that HCH attenuated brain injury and consequently reduced neurological dysfunction after I/R. Furthermore, we demonstrated that HCH directed microglia polarization towards anti-inflammatory M2 polarization. This study indicates hydrogen may exert neuroprotective effects by inhibiting the microglial activation and regulating microglial polarization. This study was conducted in agreement with the Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) and Institutional Animal Care guidelines regulation (Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China (approval No. A2015-011) in November 2015.

20.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 131: 107349, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476657

RESUMO

Several textile industry processes produce complex organics, azo dyes and sulfide streams that pose a severe challenge to environmental protection. In this work, single-chamber air cathode microbial fuel cells were used to investigate the interaction mechanisms among Congo red decolorization, sulfide oxidation and bioelectricity generation. The results showed that effective removal of sulfide (>98%) and azo dyes (>88%) was achieved at an initial sulfide/dye ratio of 0.9 under neutral conditions, accompanied by a maximum power output of approximately 23.50 mW m-2. In this study, biogenic sulfide played a major role in azo dye decolorization and power generation compared with the chemical sulfide. The results indicated that bulk reduction of sulfide and cell lysis products during biogenic sulfide production by sulfate-reduction bacteria could accelerate the chemical reduction of azo dyes. Moreover, S0, SO42- and S2O32- were identified as degradation products, and the intermediates primarily included 3,4-diaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid, sodium 4-aminonaphthalene-1-sulfonate and 4, 4'-diamine biphenyl. Microbial community analysis showed that Proteobacteria (80.7%), Gammaproteobacteria (48.1%), and Dokdonella (29.5%) dominated at the phylum, class, and genus levels, respectively, of the anodic biofilm. This study offers a feasible option for the treatment of recalcitrant organics, azo dyes and sulfide pollutants using single-chamber air cathode MFCs.

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