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1.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(3): 290-297, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402265

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of multiple propofol anesthesia and operative trauma on neuroinflammation and cognitive function in development rats and its mechanism. A total of 104 13-day-old neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups with 26 rats in each group: control group was treated with saline q.d for propofol group was treated with propofol q.d for surgery group received abdominal surgery under local anesthesia and then treated with saline q.d for surgery with propofol group received propofol anesthesia plus abdominal surgery under local anesthesia with ropivacaine at d1, then treated with propofol q.d for At d2 of experiment, 13 rats from each group were sacrificed and brain tissue samples were taken, the concentration of TNF-α in hippocampus was detected with ELISA, the expression of caspase-3 and c-fos in hippocampal tissue was determined with immunohistochemical method, the number of apoptotic neurons in hippocampus was examined with TUNEL assay. Morris water maze test was used to examine the cognitive function of the rest rats at the age of 60 d, and the TNF-α concentration, caspase-3, c-fos expressions and the number of apoptotic neurons in hippocampus were also detected. Compared with control group, TNF-α concentration, caspase-3, c-fos expression and the neuroapoptosis in hippocampus increased significantly in other three groups (all <0.05). Compared with surgery group, propofol group and surgery with propofol group showed increased TNF-α level, caspase-3 and c-fos expressions and apoptotic cell numbers (all <0.05), but there was no significant difference between last two groups (all >0.05). Morris water maze test showed that there were no significant differences in swimming speed, escape latency, target quadrant residence time and crossing times among groups (all >0.05). TNF-α level, expressions of caspase-3 and c-fos and apoptotic cell numbers in hippocampus had no significant differences among the 4 adult rats groups (all >0.05). Abdominal surgery and multiple propofol treatment can induce neuroinflammation and neuroapoptosis in hippocampus of neonatal rats, however, which may not cause adverse effects on neurodevelopment and cognitive function when they grown up.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Propofol , Animais , Cognição , Hipocampo , Propofol/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
J Pain Res ; 14: 2201-2208, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321919

RESUMO

Purpose: Propofol is commonly used as an intravenous anesthetic in surgical patients. However, its usage is associated with adverse effects. Auxiliary medication can reduce the dose of intravenous anesthetics. Hence, we investigated whether vitamin C could lower propofol dosage in elderly patients undergoing total knee replacement surgery. Patients and Methods: The trial was carried out in PLA General Hospital in Beijing, China. We enrolled patients aged ≥50 years who were undergoing unilateral total knee arthroplasty with total intravenous anesthesia combined with lumbar sciatic nerve block. The patients were randomly assigned to either the vitamin C (Vc) group (0.067 g/kg) or the control group (an equivalent dose of normal saline). Nerve block was done for all the patients before the general anesthesia. The same depth of anesthesia was maintained during the operation. We compared the propofol dosage and adverse events (eg hypotension) during anesthesia between the two groups. This study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, www.chictr.org.cn, number ChiCTR-TRC-16010112. Results: There were significant differences in the total infusion dose (Vc group: 704.3 ± 188.6 mg; control group: 888.6 ± 232.7 mg; p = 0.016) and the average maintenance dose of propofol (Vc group: 5.8 ± 1.0 mg/kg/h; control group: 6.9 ± 1.6 mg/kg/h; p = 0.013). But there were no significant differences in the induction dose of propofol (control group: 90 mg, range 80-115 mg; Vc group: 100 mg, range 90-110 mg, p = 0.379) between the Vc and control groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in the hemodynamics and the incidence of intraoperative hypotension. Conclusion: Vitamin C can reduce the dosage of propofol in patients undergoing total knee replacement.

3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 170, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital aortic coarctation (CoA) associated with aortic rupture is a rare but extremely lethal condition. In pregnant patients, the condition becomes very risky. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented a case of a pregnant (20 weeks gestation) patient with CoA associated with ruptured aortic pseudoaneurysm who was successfully rescued using a novel hybrid strategy. CONCLUSIONS: This hybrid approach may be a life-saving bridging intervention in patients with CoA associated with devastating complications, such as ruptured aneurysms, especially with extremely narrowed access.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Coartação Aórtica/complicações , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Adulto , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/etiologia
4.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(9): 4883-4891, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145062

RESUMO

Background: Aortic anastomotic leak (AAL) is knotty complication after aortic replacement. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of the techniques of trans-catheter AAL closure as well as to evaluate the impact of the new classification on the interventional closure. Methods: From October 2015 to November 2017, 20 consecutive high surgical risk patients (mean age 47±12 years, 13 males) were referred to our center for trans-catheter closure AALs. Due to the variation of leak, we therefore developed a new-classification based on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) assessments: type I: aorta-to-right atrium fistula, n=6; type II: pseudoaneurysm induced by a suture line dehiscence, n=4; type III: patency of the false lumen in aortic dissection, n=10. Outcomes were analyzed by assessing TEE and CTA in different types of AALs. Results: Successful closure was accomplished in 17 subjects (85%). The severity of AAL reduced significantly in 15 patients (88%); two patients required a second procedure. At follow-up, we found that in type I, the right atrium systolic pressure reduced (from 25.3±4.1 to 7.0±1.2 mmHg) with the improved NYHA (3.5±0.6 vs. 1.0±0.0), the diameter of pseudoaneurysm significantly decreased (5.0±1.8 to 2.0±1.8 mm) in type II, and complete thrombosis was achieved in all type III patients. Conclusions: Trans-catheter closure of AAL displays satisfactory results even in those defined as high-risk patients, and it could be considered be a viable alternative approach. New classification is helpful in decision-making.

5.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 10(7): 1504-1514, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676368

RESUMO

Background: To determine the prevalence, clinical and imaging features of intimal tear detected by ECG-gated multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and confirmed by surgery in patients with acute type A intramural hematoma (ATAIMH) and acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD). Methods: This retrospective study involved analysis of the intimal tear characteristics in 72 consecutive patients with ATAIMH and 209 with AAAD who were diagnosed by MDCT. The size and location of the intimal tear were measured and compared between these two groups of patients. The findings were also compared with those from 28 patients with ATAIMH who underwent surgical treatment to determine the intimal tear features as observed on CT angiography (CTA). Results: Patients in the ATAIMH group were significantly older than those in the AAAD group (58.6±11.3 vs. 49.4±12.8 years, P<0.001), and females were predominant in the former category (ATAIMH vs. AAAD: 44.4% vs. 27.8%, P<0.01). Marfan syndrome and pregnancy were associated with most of the occurrences of AAAD. Sixty-four patients (88.9%) with ATAIMH were recognized as having intimal tear in the CTA images. The number of aortic segments in the ATAIMH patients was smaller than that in the AAAD patients (4.45±1.56 vs. 5.04±1.72 segments, P<0.01). The distribution of the intimal tear did not show any difference between the two groups. During the surgery, pericardial hemorrhage was observed in a higher proportion of patients in the ATAIMH than in the AAAD group (60.7% vs. 22.1%; P<0.01). In the former category, all of the intimal tears detected using CTA were confirmed during the operation, and the size was significantly larger than measured on the CTA images (6.95±5.12 vs. 19.59±6.51 mm, P<0.001). Six ATAIMH patients progressed to classical aortic dissection (AD) at surgery. Conclusions: Patients with ATAIMH have a high prevalence of intimal tear, which is significantly smaller than that measured in patients with classic AAAD. Just like AD, ATAIMH may also be triggered by intimal tear. Hence, timely surgical repair is needed.

6.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 497-504, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is the most devastating aortic pathology, and the incidence is increasing worldwide. However, the occurrence and development of AAD are unpredictable. A thorough understanding of the serum metabolic landscape through metabolomic analysis may help identify new biomarkers for AAD and offers new insights into its prevention and evaluation. METHODS: Nineteen patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection and 20 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. We use global and targeted mass spectrometry-based metabolomics to investigate the serum metabolomics profiles, and the data were analyzed by principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. RESULTS: Initial untargeted metabolomics analysis revealed significant changes of lipids and polar metabolites in patients with AAD. Alterations of the phosphatidylcholine metabolic pathway were further observed by targeted metabolomics. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) levels were obviously increased in patients with AAD compared with controls (P < 0.005), whereas the levels of carnitine (P < 0.005), choline, and betaine (P < 0.05) were decreased. Furthermore, TMAO levels were associated with disease severity in AAD and correlated positively with C-reactive protein levels (r = 0.537, P = 0.018), IL-6 levels (r = 0.546, P = 0.016), D-dimer levels (r = 0.694, P = 0.001), and maximum aortic diameter on admission (r = 0.748, P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AAD showed a predominant and consistent change of metabolites levels, especially the compounds in the phosphatidylcholine metabolic pathway. TMAO could potentially serve as a biomarker for the auxiliary diagnosis and evaluation of AAD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/sangue , Aneurisma Aórtico/sangue , Metabolômica , Metilaminas/sangue , Fosfatidilcolinas/sangue , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Humanos , Lipidômica , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
7.
Chin J Traumatol ; 23(1): 15-19, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057561

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the efficacy and outcome of percutaneous thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with traumatic blunt aortic injury in our single-center. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2018, a total of 89 patients with traumatic blunt aortic injuries were treated with emergency TEVAR in our center. Their clinical data such as demographics, operative details and postprocedure outcomes were analyzed retrospectively in this study using SPSS 20 software. Continuous variables were expressed as mean and standard deviation or median and interquartile range. Categorical variables are expressed as the numbers and percentages of patients. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 37 years, and 76 (85.4%) were males. All the patients were involved in violent accidents and combined with associated injuries. Two patients died while awaiting the operations and 87 patients underwent emergency percutaneous TEVAR, with a 100% technique success. The mean time interval from admission to operating room was (90.1 ± 18.7) min, and the mean procedure time was (54.6 ± 11.9) min. Eighty (92.0%) patients were operated on under local anesthesia, while other 7 (8.0%) patients were under general anesthesia. Two cases underwent open repair of the femoral arteries because of the pseudoaneurysm formation of the access vessels. A total of 98 aortic covered stent grafts were deployed, of which 11 patients used two stent grafts (all in dissection cases). The length of the stent was (177.5 ± 24.6) mm. The horizontal diameter of aorta arch at the proximal left subclavian artery ostium was (24.9 ± 2.4) mm, the proximal diameter of the covered stent was (30.5 ± 2.6) mm, and the oversize rate of proximal site was (22.7 ± 4.0)%. The proximal landing zone length was (14.1 ± 5.5) mm. The left subclavian artery ostium was completely covered in 5 patients and partially covered in 32 patients. No blood flow reconstruction was performed. The overall aortic-related mortality was 2.25% (2/89). Among 87 patients, the median follow-up time was 24 months. Postoperative computed tomography angiography scans demonstrated no residual pseudoaneurysm, hematoma or endoleak. One patient complained of mild left upper limb weakness during follow-up due to left subclavian artery occlusion. Neither late death, nor neurological or other complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Emergency percutaneous endovascular repair is a less invasive and effective approach for the treatment of traumatic blunt aortic injuries. Long-term results remain to be further followed.


Assuntos
Aorta/lesões , Aorta/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto , Emergências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(4): 402-407, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The preferred treatment for uncomplicated type B dissection (thoracic endovascular aortic repair [TEVAR] or medical) is still under debate. Since 2001, our center has performed TEVAR for uncomplicated type B dissection. Based on our data, 5- and 10-year survival rates among patients with uncomplicated type B dissection after TEVAR were 96.5% and 83.0%, respectively. We, therefore, believe that TEVAR is preferable for uncomplicated type B dissections. This study analyzed the impact of a pre-operative smoking history on long-term survival after TEVAR in patients with uncomplicated type B dissections. METHODS: From May 2001 to December 2013, data from 751 patients with type B dissections were collected and analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups (337 smoking patients and 414 non-smoking patients). The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare survival curves of the two groups. Multivariable analyses using the Cox proportional hazards model were used to estimate the effects of smoking on survival rates. RESULTS: The 5- and 10-year survival rates of non-smokers were 97.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 96.0%-99.2%) and 87.0% (95% CI, 81.6%-92.7%), respectively, and 94.9% (95% CI, 92.2%-97.7%) and 73.8% (95% CI, 62.3%-87.5%) for smokers, respectively (Log-rank test, P = 0.006). Multivariable analyses showed that smoking increased the risk of death during follow-up, 2.1-fold when compared to non-smokers (P = 0.039). CONCLUSION: A pre-operative smoking history increases long-term mortality rates after TEVAR in patients with uncomplicated type B dissections.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco
9.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 56(6): 1090-1096, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the perioperative outcomes and long-term survival rates in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for uncomplicated type B dissection. METHODS: A total of 751 patients with uncomplicated type B dissection who underwent TEVAR at our centre between May 2001 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of all patients (619 males and 132 females) was 52.8 ± 10.9 years. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 170 months (median 70 months). RESULTS: Five patients died during the perioperative period (mortality rate 0.7%). Four patients (0.5%) developed retrograde type A dissection. Two patients (0.3%) developed paraplegia and 1 patient developed incomplete paralysis (0.1%). There were no postoperative cerebral infarctions. The 5- and 10-year survival rates were 96.5% [95% confidence interval (CI) 95.0-98.0%] and 83.0% (95% CI 77.9-88.4%), respectively. The 5- and 10-year reintervention rates were 4.6% (95% CI 3.0-6.2%) and 7.9% (95% CI 5.3-10.5%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although the application of TEVAR for patients with uncomplicated dissection is still under debate, many patients who have undergone TEVAR have benefitted substantially from the treatment. Our data showed that TEVAR had low mortality and complication rates both in the short- and long-term follow-up periods. TEVAR may be considered as a first choice for patients with uncomplicated type B dissection.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Adulto , Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 59: 237-243, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to investigate the hemodynamic changes of the blood flow in the aneurysm model after the multilayer stent placement using the fluid dynamic method, to analyze the effectiveness and properties of the multilayer stent in the treatment of aortic aneurysms. METHODS: A water tank was filled with 5 L of experimental liquid after the circular flow pressure test platform with a glass aneurysm model, and a multilayer stent was built. Pressure at the middle part and the distal aneurysm neck part of the model was then measured. At each site, the pressure was measured 20 times at 1-min intervals, and the testing results were averaged for accuracy. RESULTS: Without the stent, mean pressure at the middle part and at the distal aneurysm neck part of the model was 11.19 ± 0.23 Kpa and 13.31 ± 0.28 Kpa, respectively. With the stent, the mean pressure decreased to 10.60 ± 0.27 Kpa and 12.60 ± 0.29 Kpa, and the average difference was 0.59 ± 0.15 Kpa and 0.71 ± 0.15 Kpa, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: After the placement of the multilayer stent, pressure inside the model at the middle part and distal neck part could both be diminished, yet the mean dropped pressure may be too small to be sufficient to cause significant impact on preventing the expansion of abdominal aortic aneurysm; therefore, the pressure-lowering effect of the multilayer stent for abdominal aortic aneurysm may not be ideal compared with the traditional covered stents.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Pressão Arterial , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Stents , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Modelos Anatômicos , Desenho de Prótese , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 107(3): 718-724, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experience is limited with distal stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of type B dissection (TBAD). We report the management strategy and outcomes in such patients. METHODS: Clinical data were analyzed for 95 patients (age, 53.2 ± 10.9 years; 82 men) who presented with distal SINE after TEVAR for TBAD. RESULTS: Follow-up was 100% for 7.2 ± 3 years after primary TEVAR. Distal SINE occurred at a mean of 2.7 ± 2.4 years. Re-TEVAR was performed for 78, with routine stent grafts in 64 and a more tapered graft in 14. Three patients were managed surgically and 14 medically. Two patients died after re-TEVAR. During follow-up at 5.8 ± 2.9 years, late death occurred in 19 patients, 7 with medical therapy and 12 with re-TEVAR. Distal SINE recurred in 11 at 3.5 ± 1.7 years after re-TEVAR. Reintervention significantly improved survival up to 8 years compared with medical therapy (88.3% vs 63.5%, p = 0.001). In 64 patients with routine stent grafts, mortality was 24%, distal SINE recurred in 20%, and recurrence-free survival was 56% at 6 years. Neither death nor recurrence of SINE occurred in 14 patients with a more tapered stent graft. Predictors for distal SINE after primary TEVAR were stent graft length (hazard ratio, 0.984; p = 0.037) and chronic phase (hazard ratio, 1.725; p = 0.049). CONCLUSIONS: In TBAD patients with distal SINE after TEVAR, reintervention with re-TEVAR could improve long-term survival significantly. Recurrence of distal SINE was high after re-TEVAR using routine stent grafts. More tapered stent grafts may be helpful in preventing the recurrence of distal SINE.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Previsões , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 38(2): 187-191, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29502058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of propofol and operative trauma on the neurodevelopment and cognitive function of the developing brain and its mechanism. METHODS: A total of 104 postnatal day 13 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (treated by 7.5 mL/kg saline and sham surgery), propofol group (treated by 75 mg/kg propofol), surgery group (with abdominal surgery under local anesthesia) and propofol+surgery group (with abdominal surgery under local anesthesia plus 75 mg/kg propofol anesthesia). Thirteen rats from each group were randomly selected for detecting the content of TNF-α in the hippocampus and the expression levels of caspase-3 and c-fos in the brain. Morris Water Maze test was used to detect the cognitive ability of the other rats at 60 days old, after which TNF-α content in the hippocampus and caspase-3 and c-fos expressions in the brain were detected. RESULTS: In 13 day-old rats, TNF-α level and caspase-3 and c-fos expressions differed significantly between the surgery group and the other 3 groups (P<0.05) and were similar among the control group, propofol group and propofol+surgery group (P>0.05). In 60-day-old rats, Morris water maze test results, TNF-α level or expressions of caspase-3 and c-fos showed no significant differences among the 4 groups. CONCLUSION: Abdominal surgery can induce inflammation in the hippocampus and neuroapoptosis in neonatal rats rather than adult rats. Single-dose propofol anesthesia does not significantly affect neurodevelopment of young rats, and can relieve central inflammatory reaction induced by surgical trauma.


Assuntos
Cognição , Hipocampo/fisiopatologia , Propofol/farmacologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Anestesia , Animais , Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
Clin Respir J ; 12(5): 1820-1829, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29115002

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To improve our understanding and facilitate early diagnosis of pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical and radiological features of 9 histopathologically confirmed patients with PAS were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Our PAS cohort consisted of 5 males and 4 females, with insidious presentation, the main symptoms were dyspnea (88.9%), syncope (33.3%), palpitations (22.2%), chest pain (22.2%), hemoptysis (11.1%) and constitutional symptoms, including fever (44.4%), fatigue (55.6%) and weight loss (55.6%). Elevated serum inflammatory markers, including an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein, were recorded in 9 (100%), 7 (77.8%) and 8 (88.9%) patients, respectively. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) indicated that 8 (88.9%) patients had intraluminal defects, appearing as rounded, bulging or lobulated masses that display uneven signal intensification in contract-enhanced scans in the pulmonary arteries (PAs). Three (33.3%) of the patients had metastases outside of the PA. Before surgery, 7 patients had been misdiagnosed as pulmonary thromboembolic diseases (PTD), 2 as others, with mean misdiagnosis duration of 7.2 ± 7.1 months. All patients had received thrombolytic and/or anticoagulation therapy and their diseases progressed until receiving pulmonary endarterectomy. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical features of PAS that may help to differentiate it from PTD are its insidious onset, constitutional symptoms, increased serum inflammatory marker levels, lack of predisposing factors and unresponsiveness to thrombolytic and/or anticoagulation therapy. Typical CTPA features are crucial for suspicion of PAS. Early biopsy or surgery should be performed to confirm the diagnosis of PAS and improve its prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Sarcoma/patologia , Adulto , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Endarterectomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/sangue , Sarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoma/cirurgia
14.
Circulation ; 137(3): 259-269, 2018 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29146682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Misdiagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) can lead to significant morbidity and death. Soluble ST2 (sST2) is a cardiovascular injury-related biomarker. The extent to which sST2 is elevated in AAD and whether sST2 can discriminate AAD from other causes of sudden-onset severe chest pain are unknown. METHODS: We measured plasma concentrations of sST2 (R&D Systems assay) in 1360 patients, including 1027 participants in the retrospective discovery set and 333 patients with initial suspicion of AAD enrolled in the prospective validation cohort. Measures of discrimination for differentiating AAD from other causes of chest pain were calculated. RESULTS: In the acute phase, sST2 levels were higher in patients with AAD than those with either acute myocardial infarction in the first case-control discovery set within 24 hours of symptom onset or with patients with pulmonary embolism in the second discovery set (medians of 129.2 ng/mL versus 14.7 with P<0.001 for AAD versus acute myocardial infarction and 88.6 versus 9.3 with P<0.001 for AAD versus pulmonary embolism). In the prospective validation set, sST2 was most elevated in patients with AAD (median [25th, 75th percentile]: 76.4 [49.6, 130.3]) and modestly elevated in acute myocardial infarction (25.0 [15.5, 37.2]), pulmonary embolism (14.9 [10.2, 30.1]), and angina patients (21.5 [13.1, 27.6], all P<0.001 versus AAD). The area under receiver operating characteristic curve for patients with AAD versus all control patients within 24 hours of presenting at the emergency department was 0.97 (0.95, 0.98) for sST2, 0.91 (0.88, 0.94) for D-dimer, and 0.50 (0.44, 0.56) for cardiac troponin I, respectively. At a cutoff level of 34.6 ng/mL, sST2 had a sensitivity of 99.1%, specificity of 84.9%, positive predictive value of 68.7%, negative predictive value of 99.7%, positive likelihood ratio of 6.6, and negative likelihood ratio of 0.01. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with suspected aortic dissection in the emergency department, sST2 showed superior overall diagnostic performance to D-dimer or cardiac troponin I. Additional study is needed to determine whether sST2 might be a useful rule-out marker for AAD in the emergency room.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Proteína 1 Semelhante a Receptor de Interleucina-1/sangue , Aneurisma Dissecante/sangue , Aneurisma Aórtico/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Embolia Pulmonar/sangue , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Troponina T/sangue , Regulação para Cima
15.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 19(3): 103-109, 2018 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054559

RESUMO

Aortic dissection is an acute large vessel disease characterized by sudden onset, rapid disease progression and high mortality. Color doppler ultrasound analyzed the morphological and hemodynamic status of aortic branches before and after aortic dissection surgery, including carotid, subclavian, renal, celiac, superior mesenteric and iliac arteries. Transthoracic echocardiography, vascular ultrasound, transesophageal echocardiography, intravascular ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography are complementary to aortic multi-slice spiral computed tomography angiography for diagnosis, treatment and prognostic evaluation.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aortografia/métodos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem Multimodal , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
16.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 38(12): 1472-1475, 2018 Dec 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30613016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the maximum dose of continuously infused mivacurium for intraoperative neuromonitoring and observe its adverse effects in thyroid surgery. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients undergoing thyroid surgery with intraoperative neuromonitoring received continuous infusion of mivacurium at the initial rate of 5.43 µg?kg-1?min-1, and the infusion rate for the next patient was adjusted based on the response of the previous patient according to the results of neurological monitoring. The depth of anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil during the surgery. The LD50 and 95% CI of mivacurium were calculated using Brownlee's up-and-down sequential method. RESULTS: The LD50 of continuously infused mivacurium was 8.94 µg?kg-1?min-1 (95% CI: 8.89- 8.99 µg?kg-1?min-1) during thyroid surgery, which did not affect neurological function monitoring. Transient chest skin redness occurred after induction in 9 patients (32.1%). None of the patients experienced intubation difficulties or showed intraoperative body motions during the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing thyroid surgery under anesthesia maintained by inhalation and intravenous infusion, the LD50 of mivacurium was 8.94 µg?kg-1?min-1 (95% CI: 8.89-8.99 µg?kg-1?min-1) for continuous infusion, which does not cause serious adverse effects during the operation.


Assuntos
Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória/métodos , Mivacúrio/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Neuromusculares não Despolarizantes/administração & dosagem , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Anestesia , Anestésicos Inalatórios , Anestésicos Intravenosos , Humanos , Dose Letal Mediana , Mivacúrio/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Neuromusculares não Despolarizantes/efeitos adversos , Remifentanil , Sevoflurano
18.
J Thorac Dis ; 9(3): 529-536, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28449459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with type A dissection, residual dissection and new distal entry tears following the frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure adversely affect long-term prognosis. Management include open and endovascular repair, while clinical experience is limited. We evaluate the efficacy of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in management of residual intimal tear or distal new entry tear following FET in patients with type A aortic dissection (TAAD). METHODS: Between May 2003 and April 2013, we performed FET and total arch replacement for 1,003 patients with TAAD. Among these, 23 patients (2.3%) required TEVAR for distal new entry (n=2) or residual intimal tear (n=21) at a mean of 2.0±1.6 years after FET. Mean age was 50.1±11.5 years. Marfan syndrome was seen in 2 patients (8.7%). RESULTS: Procedural success was 100%. The distal landing zone was above the 11th thoracic vertebra (T11) in 86.9% (20/23). Neither death nor any paraplegia or stroke occurred early after TEVAR. Follow-up was complete in 100% averaging 2.8±1.7 years (0.3-6.4). One non-Marfan patient died of distal aortic rupture at 4 months after TEVAR. No late stroke or paraplegia occurred. Survival was 95.7% (95% CI, 72.9-99.4%) at 3 and 5 years, respectively. CTA detected false lumen obliteration by thrombus around the endograft in the descending aorta in 91.3% (21/23) of patients. CONCLUSIONS: These early and midterm outcomes show the efficacy of TEVAR in obliterating the residual intimal tear or distal new entry after FET in patients with TAAD. TEVAR may be an alternative approach to distal new entry or residual intimal tear following FET for patients with TAAD.

19.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 40(8): 1274-1277, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28382388

RESUMO

Aortic anastomotic leakage is an inevitable but intractable complication of surgery for type A dissection. The treatment has been mostly surgical with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. We describe a 54-year-old patient with anastomotic leakage after his secondary surgery for type A dissection. The leakage located at the proximal site of the stent-graft and fed the false lumen. We have performed a complete occlusion by transcatheter closure using Amplatzer Duct Occluder II.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Angioplastia/métodos , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Stents , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Digital , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Reoperação
20.
Vascular ; 25(2): 157-162, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27334106

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and outcomes of simultaneous thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and abdominal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Methods A total of 21 patients (20 men; mean 65 ± 7 years, range 54-77) underwent simultaneous TEVAR and EVAR between September 2010 and June 2015 at a single center were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had concomitant thoracic pathologies (aneurysm, penetrating aortic ulcer, intramural hematoma, or dissection) and abdominal aortic aneurysm. The abdominal aneurysms diameters ranged from 5.9 cm to 10 cm. Thoracic lesions in 17 patients were complicated with acute aortic syndrome, and the remainders had indications for simultaneous repair. All patients were followed up postoperative at 1 month, 6 months, and yearly thereafter. Technique success, procedure-related complications were evaluated. Results All patients received local anesthesia, perioperative relative high arterial pressure (above 130/80 mmHg) maintenance, and prophylactic high-dose corticosteroid. The technical success rate was 100%. Average procedural time was 157.6 ± 45.6 min. The length of thoracic coverage was 20.4 ± 4.7 cm (range 15-27). Two patients required left subclavian artery coverage during TEVAR and two patients required lowest renal artery coverage during EVAR. Chimney stents were deployed simultaneously. Patients were followed between 2 and 59 months postoperatively. No patients developed acute cardiopulmonary complications and contrast-induced nephropathy. Two patients developed transient lower extremity weakness that resolved with blood pressure elevation, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, and intravenous drips of high-dose corticosteroid. The average hospital stay was 10.7 ± 7.9 days (range 4-30). During follow-up, one patient died of aneurysm rupture at postoperative 6 months, two patients developed type Ib endoleak at 9 months and 48 months respectively, one was successfully sealed with iliac stent-graft extension, the other received conservative treatment and is symptom free till now. Conclusion Combined TEVAR and EVAR can be performed safely with minimal morbidity and mortality. When anatomically feasible, simultaneous TEVAR and EVAR can be considered as an acceptable alternative for multilevel aortic diseases.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hematoma/cirurgia , Úlcera/cirurgia , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , China , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Hematoma/complicações , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/mortalidade , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Úlcera/complicações , Úlcera/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera/mortalidade
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