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1.
Thyroid ; 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204685

RESUMO

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of critical epigenetic regulators involved in several autoimmune diseases. Our previous study reported an miR-326-induced increase in T helper (Th) 17 cells in a mouse model of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), but the pathogenic effect of miR-326 in HT patients has not been verified. The goal of the present study was to explore the pathogenic role of miR-326 and its underlying molecular mechanism in HT patients. Methods: A total of 58 HT patients and 55 normal controls were enrolled in this study. We examined whether Th17 cells and miR-326 were aberrantly altered in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HT patients with flow cytometry and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Levels of membrane interleukin (IL)-23R (mIL-23R) were determined by flow cytometry and Western blot to explore the critical role of mIL-23R in the development of Th17 cells. Isolated CD3+ T cells were used to further investigate the ectodomain shedding of mIL-23R by a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM17). Furthermore, miR-326 inhibitor and mimics were transfected into PBMCs derived from HT patients and healthy controls to verify the regulation of ADAM17 by miR-326. Results: We observed elevated miR-326 levels in the PBMCs of HT patients compared with those in the PBMCs of healthy controls. Consistent with IL-23-induced STAT3 overactivation, substantially more HT patient-derived PBMCs differentiated into Th17 cells under polarization culture conditions, which may, at least in part, have resulted from enhanced mIL-23R levels. Furthermore, ADAM17, an ectodomain sheddase of mIL-23R, was targeted and negatively regulated by miR-326. Inhibiting ADAM17 might attenuate the ectodomain shedding of mIL-23R. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the effect of miR-326 on the IL-23/IL-23R/Th17 cell axis in HT patients might be partially due to the targeting of ADAM17.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184756

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of the present prospective follow-up study was to explore the early indicators of hypothyroidism and the final changes in thyroid volume in subacute thyroiditis (SAT) patients. Methods: We enrolled 61 SAT patients and followed them up for 2 years to assess the incidence of hypothyroidism and changes in thyroid volume. Binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used for data analysis. Results: During the 2 years follow-up period, we found that the volumes of the thyroid gland in SAT patients at 1 and 2 years were significantly smaller than those in the healthy control group, which were significantly smaller compared to the initial thyroid volumes after SAT onset (p < 0.001). Also, the thyroid volumes of SAT patients with hypothyroidism were significantly smaller than those of SAT patients without hypothyroidism. The early maximum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) values (within 3 months after SAT onset) were closely related to the incidence of hypothyroidism at 2 years. The OR value was 1.18 (95% CI = 1.01-1.38, p = 0.032). The early maximum TSH value had a maximum area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.866 for the development of hypothyroidism 2 years after SAT onset vs. euthyroidism (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The thyroid volumes of patients increased significantly after the onset of SAT, while during the follow-up these volumes decreased; the thyroid volumes at 1 and 2 years were significantly smaller than those of normal healthy subjects, especially in SAT patients with hypothyroidism. Furthermore, the early maximum TSH value could be used as an effective indicator of the development of hypothyroidism 2 years after the onset of SAT.

3.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 506: 110756, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045626

RESUMO

Exosomes have been intensively studied in autoimmune diseases, and circulating exosomes and microvesicles have also been explored in autoimmune thyroiditis (AITD). However, the role of thyroid cell-derived exosomes in immune responses is unclear. We showed that IFN-γ-treated Nthy-ori 3-1 cell-derived exosomes (IFN-γ-Exo) harbored TPO, HSP60 and MHC-II and activated dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. Compared with Exo-targeted DCs (DCExo), IFN-γ-Exo-targeted DCs (DCIFN-γ-Exo) promoted the expression and release of proinflammatory cytokines, such as IFN-γ, IL-17A and IL-22, from CD4+ T lymphocytes and inhibited the expression and release of anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-ß1; however, IFN-γ-Exo did not have this effect compared with Nthy-ori 3-1 cell-derived exosomes (Exo). DCIFN-γ-Exo stimulates the expression and release of cytokines from CD4+ T lymphocytes more efficiently than IFN-γ-Exo. Thus, DCIFN-γ-Exo may effectively induce CD4+ T lymphocyte-mediated immune responses and play a role in the occurrence and development of AITD.

4.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(3): 512, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209825

RESUMO

The original version of this article unfortunately contained two mistakes. The name and the work address of one author are wrong. The corrected name and work address are given below.Guo-bin WAN2† 2 Shenzhen Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital, Shenzhen 518048, China.

5.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(2): 173-184, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016507

RESUMO

The therapeutic potentials of probiotics in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains controversial, with the only existing systematic review on this topic published in 2015. Results from new trials have become available in recent years. We therefore conducted an updated systematic review, to assess the efficacy of probiotics in relieving behavioral symptoms of ASD and gastrointestinal comorbidities. Our review includes two randomized controlled trials, which showed improvement of ASD behaviors, and three open trials, all which exhibited a trend of improvement. Four of these trials concluded from subjective measures that gastrointestinal function indices showed a trend of improvement with probiotic therapy. Additional rigorous trials are needed to evaluate the effects of probiotic supplements in ASD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/tratamento farmacológico , Sintomas Comportamentais/tratamento farmacológico , Gastroenteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Trato Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Probióticos/farmacologia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30405534

RESUMO

Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a common autoimmune disease accompanied by lymphocyte infiltration and thyroid tissue destruction. IL-34 was first described in 2008, and its involvement in the development of many autoimmune diseases has been recently identified. However, whether IL-34 is a regulatory factor in HT is unclear. Here, we demonstrate that IL-34 is expressed on thyroid follicular epithelial cells and that IL-34 expression is significantly reduced in thyroid tissue in patients with HT and spontaneous autoimmune thyroiditis (SAT) models. Serum IL-34 levels in patients with HT are also significantly reduced. In addition, IL-34 is associated with thyroid autoantibodies in both thyroid tissue and serum. Furthermore, our data show that IL-34 participates in the apoptosis resistance of thyrocytes in HT induced by CSF-1R and may be a potential indicator for evaluating thyrocyte damage.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2017: 8431838, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29259988

RESUMO

Th17 and regulatory lymphocyte subsets such as Tregs and Bregs have been reported to play important roles in autoimmune diseases. The aim of this work was to perform quantitative studies of circulating Th17, Tregs, and Bregs in patients with new-onset Graves' disease (GD). Twenty GD patients and 20 healthy controls were involved in this study. Blood samples were taken for flow cytometry detection of CD4+IL-17+ Th17, CD4+Foxp3+ Tregs, and CD19+CD1dhiCD5+ Bregs and meanwhile, for real-time PCR measurement of gene expressions of RORγt, IL-17 and IL-10. The proportions of Tregs and Bregs as well as the Foxp3 gene expression but not IL-10 were significantly decreased in GD group compared with the healthy controls. The frequency of Th17 together with the gene expressions of RORγt and IL-17 were significantly increased in the GD group. Furthermore, the Th17/Treg ratio was also significantly higher in GD group. A significant positive correlation between Th17 and TSAb (r = 0.656, p < 0.001) but significant negative correlations between Treg/Breg and TSAb (r = -0.339, p = 0.032; r = -0.759, p < 0.001) were identified among the participants. This study indicated that increased Th17 and impaired Treg responses, along with a decreased number of CD19+CD1dhiCD5+ Breg cells, were involved in GD pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B Reguladores/imunologia , Doença de Graves/sangue , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Adulto , Antígenos CD1d/sangue , Antígenos CD1d/imunologia , Linfócitos B Reguladores/patologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Antígenos CD5/sangue , Antígenos CD5/imunologia , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/sangue , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/imunologia , Doença de Graves/imunologia , Doença de Graves/patologia , Humanos , Masculino
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