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1.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(1): 35-40, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32250076

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To analyze the differences among electrical damage, burns and abrasions in pig skin using Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (FTIR-MSP) combined with machine learning algorithm, to construct three kinds of skin injury determination models and select characteristic markers of electric injuries, in order to provide a new method for skin electric mark identification. Methods Models of electrical damage, burns and abrasions in pig skin were established. Morphological changes of different injuries were examined using traditional HE staining. The FTIR-MSP was used to detect the epidermal cell spectrum. Principal component method and partial least squares method were used to analyze the injury classification. Linear discriminant and support vector machine were used to construct the classification model, and factor loading was used to select the characteristic markers. Results Compared with the control group, the epidermal cells of the electrical damage group, burn group and abrasion group showed polarization, which was more obvious in the electrical damage group and burn group. Different types of damage was distinguished by principal component and partial least squares method. Linear discriminant and support vector machine models could effectively diagnose different damages. The absorption peaks at 2 923 cm-1, 2 854 cm-1, 1 623 cm-1, and 1 535 cm-1 showed significant differences in different injury groups. The peak intensity of electrical injury's 2 923 cm-1 absorption peak was the highest. Conclusion FTIR-MSP combined with machine learning algorithm provides a new technique to diagnose skin electrical damage and identification electrocution.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Animais , Análise de Fourier , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Suínos
2.
Eur J Neurol ; 27(6): 1017-1022, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-related genes and mutations have been increasingly discovered recently and an improved understanding of genotype-phenotype relationships may help to predict the disease course and refine genetic diagnosis. METHODS: We collected clinical data and blood samples from 268 patients and used next-generation sequencing to comprehensively assay genetic variations in a panel of known ALS genes from 2015 to 2019. RESULTS: Among these patients, the mean age of onset was 52.30 ± 10.42 years with a mean diagnosis delay of 15.90 ± 11.88 months. Patients with SOD1, TARDBP and FUS variants were more likely to suffer from familial ALS. Additionally, carriers of FUS variants displayed the earliest onset, followed by those with SOD1 variants. Patients with NEFH variants showed a closer link to pesticide exposure. Patients with SETX variants were prone to bulbar onset with moderate anxiety problems. No genotype-phenotype relations were found in SPG11 and ERBB4 mutants. CONCLUSION: Our findings uncovered some genotype-phenotype relationships and may help to predict the disease course of patients with ALS in southern China.

3.
Br J Biomed Sci ; : 1-6, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209020

RESUMO

Background: The Fas cell surface death receptor (FAS) and Fas ligand (FASL) can participate in the apoptosis of immune cells and target cells infected with a virus through the FAS-FASL signalling pathway. The decoy receptor 3 (DCR3) can competitively inhibit the binding of FAS to FASL. Our aim is to investigate the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FAS, FASL and DCR3 on hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.Methods: Four SNPs (rs763110 in FASL, rs1324551 and rs2234767 in FAS and rs2257440 in DCR3) were genotyped in 1495 controls free of HCV, 522 individuals with spontaneous HCV clearance and 732 patients with hepatitis C virus infection. The RegulomeDB database and RNAfold web servers were used to explore potential biological functions of SNPs.Results: FASL rs763110 was associated with susceptibility to HCV infection, and not to CHC. The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of HCV infection in high-risk populations carrying FASL rs763110-TT was 1.82 (1.36-2.51, P < 0.001) compared to that of CC genotypes and 1.93 (1.43-2.60, P < 0.001) higher than that of CC + CT genotypes. Based on computer simulation, FASL rs763110-T may affect the transcription of mRNA by affecting the binding of a transcription factor, leading to structural changes in mRNA.Conclusion: The genetic variant in FASL is linked with HCV infection, but not to spontaneous HCV clearance.

5.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(2): 149-156, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135633

RESUMO

Objective: To improve the clinical understanding of Castleman disease (CD) with different types of thoracic involvement, including their clinical features, radiological and pathological findings, diagnosis and current treatment strategies. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 30 patients diagnosed with CD with thoracic involvement and hospitalized between June 2009 and May 2019 in The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University was performed. Patients were divided into three groups for subsequent analysis based on the clinical data: CD with bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) , unicentric Castleman disease (UCD) without BO, and multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) without BO. Results: Among the 30 patients, there were 5 (16.7%) patients diagnosed with BO, 18 (60.0%) patients had UCD without BO and 7 (23.3%) patients had MCD without BO. The average age of MCD without BO patients was significantly older than that of BO and UCD without BO patients[ (49.29±5.39) ys vs (27.20±3.76) ys and (37.17±2.87) ys; P=0.005 and 0.034, respectively) ]. Pulmonary symptoms were commonly seen in BO group (100%) and MCD without BO group (71.4%) . while no pulmonary symptoms were seen in UCD without BO group. Key abnormal laboratory findings were erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) increase (40%in BO group and 57.1% in MCD without BO group) and hypoxia (60% in BO group and 28.6% in MCD without BO group) . Other abnormal laboratory findings seen in MCD without BO group included anemia and IgG increase (both 57.1%) . Notably, all patients in BO group had extremely severe mixed ventilation dysfunction in the lung function test. CT scan showed lung parenchyma involvement in BO group (100%) , in UCD without BO group (11.1%) featured by solitary pulmonary nodule and in MCD without BO group (57.1%) featured by diffuse lesions in bilateral lungs. The size of lymph nodes was significantly smaller in MCD without BO group comparing to that in BO group and UCD without BO group[short diameter (1.83±0.51) cm vs (4.73±1.63) cm and (3.62±0.26) cm; P=0.006 and 0.011, respectively]. All patients (100%) in the BO group had a pathological type of transparent vascular variant while the same pathological type accounts for 88.9% in UCD without BO patients. The predominantly pathological type (57.1%) was plasma cell variant in the MCD without BO group. Oral ulcers presented in all patients in BO group but were relieved after the mass resection and immunomodulatory therapy, but the pulmonary symptoms were still progressively aggravated. Thoracoscopic mass excision was the main treatment for UCD without BO patients while chemotherapy, immunomodulatory and targeted therapy were commonly used for MCD without BO treatment. Conclusion: The age, clinical symptom, laboratory finding, lung function, imaging manifestation, pathology, treatment and prognosis were different among the three groups. This classification could improve clinical understanding of the disease.


Assuntos
Bronquiolite Obliterante , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante , Humanos , Linfonodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Ann Oncol ; 31(4): 517-524, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the lung is a heterogeneous disease that is composed of both adenocarcinoma components (ACC) and squamous cell carcinoma components (SCCC). Their genomic profile, genetic origin, and clinical management remain controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Resected ASC and metastatic tumor in regional lymph nodes (LNs) were collected. The ACC and SCCC were separated by microdissection of primary tumor. The 1021 cancer-related genes were evaluated by next-generation sequencing independently in ACC and SCCC and LNs. Shared and private alterations in the two components were investigated. In addition, genomic profiles of independent cohorts of adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas were examined for comparison. We have also carried out a retrospective study of ASCs with known EGFR mutation status from 11 hospitals in China for their clinical outcomes. RESULTS: The most frequent alterations in 28 surgically resected ASCs include EGFR (79%), TP53 (68%), MAP3K1 (14%) mutations, EGFR amplifications (32%), and MDM2 amplifications (18%). Twenty-seven patients (96%) had shared variations between ACC and SCCC, and pure SCCC metastases were not found in metastatic LNs among these patients. Only one patient with geographically separated ACC and SCCC had no shared mutations. Inter-component heterogeneity was a common genetic event of ACC and SCCC. The genomic profile of ASC was similar to that of 170 adenocarcinomas, but different from that of 62 squamous cell carcinomas. The incidence of EGFR mutations in the retrospective analysis of 517 ASCs was 51.8%. Among the 129 EGFR-positive patients who received EGFR-TKIs, the objective response rate was 56.6% and the median progression-free survival was 10.1 months (95% confidence interval: 9.0-11.2). CONCLUSIONS: The ACC and SCCC share a monoclonal origin, a majority with genetically inter-component heterogeneity. ASC may represent a subtype of adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutation being the most common genomic anomaly and sharing similar efficacy to EGFR TKI.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 863, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054848

RESUMO

Graphene/hBN heterostructures are promising active materials for devices in the THz domain, such as emitters and photodetectors based on interband transitions. Their performance requires long carrier lifetimes. However, carrier recombination processes in graphene possess sub-picosecond characteristic times for large non-equilibrium carrier densities at high energy. An additional channel has been recently demonstrated in graphene/hBN heterostructures by emission of hBN hyperbolic phonon polaritons (HPhP) with picosecond decay time. Here, we report on carrier lifetimes in graphene/hBN Zener-Klein transistors of ~30 ps for photoexcited carriers at low density and energy, using mid-infrared photoconductivity measurements. We further demonstrate the switching of carrier lifetime from ~30 ps (attributed to interband Auger) down to a few picoseconds upon ignition of HPhP relaxation at finite bias and/or with infrared excitation power. Our study opens interesting perspectives to exploit graphene/hBN heterostructures for THz lasing and highly sensitive THz photodetection as well as for phonon polariton optics.

8.
Oncogenesis ; 9(2): 27, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102990

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

9.
Neoplasma ; 67(1): 119-128, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829024

RESUMO

Previously, we identified that sortilin related VPS10 domain containing receptor 1 (SorCS1) was hypermethylated in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. Here, we aimed to investigate the association between CRC and SorCS1. DNA methylation was determined by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) or quantitative real-time methylation analysis (MethyLight). Colorectal cancer tissue specimens from 239 patients that had undergone surgical treatment were evaluated using immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis for the expression of SorCS1 and correlated with clinicopathological variables and prognosis. We found that SorCS1 was hypermethylated in CRC cell lines and 67.5% (27/40) CRC tumor tissues. The loss of SorCS1 mRNA (p<0.001) and protein expression (p=0.033) were highly correlated with promoter methylation. In addition, SorCS1 expression was significantly increased in younger patients (p=0.006), low CEA level (p<0.001) and pT1-2 stage (p=0.005). Survival analysis revealed that decreased expression of SorCS1 was an independent factor for predicting the increased risk of recurrence (p=0.024) and poor overall survival (p=0.006). Subgroup analysis for CEA level, pT and pN classifications showed that SorCS1 retained its stratified significance only in patients with low CEA level, pT3-4 tumors and pN1-2 lymph node status. Our findings suggest that SorCS1 is epigenetically inactivated in a substantial fraction of CRC, and its expression may be a promising prognostic factor in CRC patients.

10.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 185: 110604, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727506

RESUMO

Protein adsorption plays a key role in bone repair and regeneration by affecting cell behavior. In this study, TiO2 nanofibers (TiO2 NFs) with different structures, including anatase TiO2 nanofibers (A-NFs), anatase TiO2 nanofibers with beads (B-NFs), anatase-rutile TiO2 nanofibers (AR-NFs) and rutile TiO2 nanofibers (R-NFs), were prepared by electrospinning method. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and lysozyme (LYZ) were used to explore the adsorption behaviors of TiO2 NFs and then the effects of materials with protein on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were studied. Pure titanium metal (PT) was used as control. The results displayed that the adsorption amounts of BSA on samples were B-NFs > AR-NFs > A-NFs ≈ R-NFs > PT, and that for LYZ were B-NFs > AR-NFs > R-NFs > A-NFs > PT. The conformation of proteins changed remarkably when they were adsorbed on meterials. Soaking the TiO2 NFs with and without protein into SBF revealed that the BSA and LYZ on B-NFs, A-NFs and AR-NFs could accelerate the HA deposition on its surface, but it had no promoting effect on HA deposition on B-NFs. MTT and PCR tests showed that the BSA and LYZ adsorbed on materials could promote the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MSCs to different degrees due to their different adsorption amount and conformation changes on different TiO2 NFs. The current work demonstrated that the surface properties and crystal structure of TiO2 NFs could influence the adsorption behavior and conformational change of BSA and LYZ, and then further regulate MSCs biological behavior.

11.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(12): 1772-1777, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793487

RESUMO

Background: There are various endoscopic techniques for thyroid carcinoma dissection but few reports regarding the scarless neck technique and central compartment dissection (CCD) via the breast approach, especially for bilateral CCD are available. In this study, we reported 45 cases with scarless neck endoscopic total or near-total thyroidectomy plus CCD via the breast approach. Materials and Methods: Forty-five female patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) were enrolled in the study, from January 2011 to March 2013. In brief, 5 mm ultrasonic coagulation device (Harmonic Scalpel, HS; Ethicon Endosurgery, USA) was used to perform thyroid vessel management and thyroidectomy. Twenty patients underwent total thyroidectomy and 25 underwent near-total thyroidectomy. CCD was performed in all 45 patients, including 13 with bilateral CCD and 32 with ipsilateral CCD. Results: The procedure was successful for all 45 patients. Sixteen patients (35.6%) had lymph node metastases in central compartments. Postoperative transient adverse events included voice changes (9 patients) and hypocalcemia (18 patients), including 7 (21.9%) in the unilateral group and 11 (84.6%) in bilateral group. There was no permanent hypocalcemia or recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy. None of the case were converted to open surgical procedure. All patients were satisfied with the cosmetic result of the scarless neck endoscopic thyroidectomy (SET). No evidence of residual or recurrent disease was found during a mean follow-up of 22.84 months (range, 12-34 months). Conclusions: Experienced thyroid surgeons performed the scarless neck endoscopic total or near-total thyroidectomy plus unilateral or bilateral CCD via the breast approach for selected PTC patients. The procedure was safe and feasible with excellent cosmetic results.


Assuntos
Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Adulto , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Acta Virol ; 63(4): 433-438, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802686

RESUMO

The freshwater Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis), an indigenous crustacean in China, has been cultured for more than 30 years. It was reported that the bunya-like virus from Eriocheir sinensis (EsBV) was associated with the tremor disease (TD), which causes high mortality and has a serious impact on production. In this study, full-length genome sequences of EsBV were pursued using next generation sequencing; the genome of EsBV was found to be composed of 6.7 kb L, 3.3 kb M, and 0.8 kb S segments, respectively. PCR detection based genomic sequences showed that the positive rate of EsBV reached 40% in crabs from farming ponds. EsBV had the highest similarity with the Wenling crustacean virus 9, an unassigned, negative sense ssRNA virus. EsBV clustered with the Wenling crustacean virus 9 firstly, and then the branch clustered with Peribunyaviridae clade in every phylogenetic tree - based on L, M and S encoded sequences, respectively, indicating that EsBV can be classified in the family Peribunyaviridae, to which the orthobunyaviruses belongs, but not belonging to any known genera in the family Peribunyaviridae. There were unique complimentary terminal sequences for EsBV, with only partial consensus with members from the orthobunyaviruses. We believe that the findings of this research will be vital for future research about EsBV and will also go a long way in illuminating its relationship with TD. Keywords: Eriocheir sinensis; tremor disease; bunyavirus; EsBV; genome sequences.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Bunyaviridae , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Animais , Braquiúros/virologia , Bunyaviridae/classificação , Bunyaviridae/genética , China , Água Doce , Genômica
13.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(5): 537-544, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833286

RESUMO

Abstract: Age estimation is of great significance in the fields of criminal investigation and forensic identification. It can provide the age information of individuals to judicial departments to facilitate the development of judicial work. In recent years, age estimation methods expanded from the morphological level to the molecular biology level. With the rapid development of epigenetics represented by DNA methylation, and the advancement of DNA methylation detection technology together with the detection platform, many age estimation methods based on DNA methylation biomarkers, or using several biological fluids, such as blood, blood stains, saliva, semen stains, etc. are developed. Currently, researches related to age estimation based on DNA methylation are relatively widely carried out. This paper summarizes the researches on age estimation based on DNA methylation, in order to provide references for related studies and forensic applications.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Metilação de DNA , Genética Forense/métodos , Epigênese Genética , Epigenômica , Humanos , Sêmen
14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(10): 793-798, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734995

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1B gene (TNFRSF1B) polymorphism in relation to the outcomes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods: One thousand six hundred and forty-five cases without HCV infection, 545 cases with HCV clearance, and 783 cases with chronic HCV infection were enrolled. TaqMan probe method was used to investigate genotype rs1061622 (T > G) and rs1061624 (G > A). Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) sites were genotyped and haplotypes were constructed to evaluate their relation with the outcome of HCV infection. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that there was no relation to the two SNPs with HCV infection susceptibility and chronicity (P > 0.05). Haplotype analysis showed that carrier TA had an increased susceptibility to HCV infection [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01 to 1.30, P = 0.038)]. Carrier TA and GG haplotypes were conducive to chronic HCV infection (adjusted OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.08 to 1.53, P = 0.006; OR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.66, P = 0.026). Conclusion: The combinational effects of rs1061622 and rs1061624 in TNFRSF1B gene may increase the risk of HCV chronicity and infection.


Assuntos
Hepatite C/genética , Receptores Tipo II do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(41): 3232-3236, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694118

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of surgical treatment for myasthenia gravis as well as its influencing factors. Methods: A total of 180 patients with myasthenia gravis who underwent thymectomy from August 2012 to September 2018 were enrolled. Clinical data such as age, gender, disease classification, preoperative AChR-Ab, preoperative course, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and pathological type was retrospectively reviewed. Univariate analysis and Cox regression model were used to analyze possible influencing factors of surgical effects. Results: A total of 145 patients were finally enrolled and the follow-up period was from 4 to 78 months, with a median follow-up time of 34 months. Thirty-four patients (23.4%) achieved complete stable remission (CSR). The total clinical remission and effective rate reached 75.1% (109 cases) and 89.6% (130 cases), respectively. Correlation analysis showed that age below 45 years old, preoperative course within 12 months, positive AChR-Ab and thymic hyperplasia were clinical influencing factors for better surgical results (P=0.030, 0.048, 0.019 and 0.042, respectively). Conclusions: It is safe and effective to undergo thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. Age, preoperative course, AChR-Ab level and pathological type were the influencing factors of surgical effects.


Assuntos
Miastenia Gravis , Adulto , Seguimentos , Humanos , Miastenia Gravis/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Timectomia , Hiperplasia do Timo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14602, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601875

RESUMO

The characterisation and clinical relevance of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in leiomyosarcoma (LMS), a subtype of soft tissue sarcoma that exhibits histological heterogeneity, is not established. The use of tissue microarrays (TMA) in studies that profile TIL burden is attractive but given the potential for intra-tumoural heterogeneity to introduce sampling errors, the adequacy of this approach is undetermined. In this study, we assessed the histological inter- and intra-tumoural heterogeneity in TIL burden within a retrospective cohort of primary LMS specimens. Using a virtual TMA approach, we also analysed the optimal number of TMA cores required to provide an accurate representation of TIL burden in a full tissue section. We establish that LMS have generally low and spatially homogenous TIL burdens, although a small proportion exhibit higher levels and more heterogeneous distribution of TILs. We show that a conventional and practical number (e.g. ≤3) of TMA cores is adequate for correct ordinal categorisation of tumours with high or low TIL burden, but that many more cores (≥11) are required to accurately estimate absolute TIL numbers. Our findings provide a benchmark for the design of future studies aiming to define the clinical relevance of the immune microenvironments of LMS and other sarcoma subtypes.

17.
Phytomedicine ; 65: 153097, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infects almost half of the world population and is listed as a type I carcinoma factor since 1994. Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Labiatae) has been used to treat gastro-intestinal diseases for thousands of years in many east Asian countries, and the key ingredient, patchouli alcohol (PA), has been observed to exert anti-H. pylori and anti-urease activities. PURPOSE: We investigated the effect of PA on H. pylori urease and its subsequent influence on macrophage phagosome maturation and function. METHODS: In H. pylori experiment, the berthelot method and pH shock assay were adopted to evaluate the effect of PA on extracellular and intracellular H. pylori urease. And then, Q-PCR and Western blot were carried out to analyze the alterations in the expression of urease-related genes and proteins after PA treatment. In the H. pylori and macrophage cell (RAW264.7) co-culture experiment, the effects of PA on H. pylori-induced phagocytosis and intracellular killing of RAW264.7 were investigated using gentamycin protection assay, and the underlying mechanism was explored by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: PA at 25 and 50 µM inhibited intracellular H. pylori urease activity but not isolated urease by down-regulating the gene expression levels of ureB, ureE, ureI and nixA and reducing the protein expression level of UreB, thereby inhibiting the acid resistance of H. pylori. PA also recovered the function of macrophage bacterial digestion, and prior treatment with ammonium chloride inhibited the efficacy of PA. CONCLUSION: PA suppressed intracellular H. pylori urease function and maturation, which increased macrophage digestion ability.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 1134-1138, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594160

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4) and identify the related influencing factors of thyroid dysfunction in drug users. Methods: From June to August 2018, a face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted in 788 male drug users in a drug rehabilitation center in Jiangsu province to collect their socio-demographic information. Then, venous blood sample was collected from each participant for the detection of various hematological indicators, such as thyroid hormones. Results: The abnormal rates of T3, T4, FT3, FT4 and TSH were 4.57%, 1.27%, 0.51%, 0.38% and 0.89%, respectively, in the male drug users. HCV infection was an influencing factor for abnormal T3 level in the male drug users (OR=8.52, 95%CI: 2.36-30.74, P=0.001). And serum T3 (P<0.001) and T4 (P=0.048) levels increased with increasing HCV viral load. Conclusions: HCV infection was an influencing factor for the abnormality of serum T3 level in drug users. Therefore, thyroid-related knowledge should be added in the health education for drug users, and the monitoring of thyroid function should be strengthened for drug users infected with HCV.


Assuntos
Usuários de Drogas , Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , China , Humanos , Masculino , Tireotropina , Tiroxina , Tri-Iodotironina
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 1291-1295, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658533

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily members 11A (TNFRSF11A) and 11B (TNFRSF11B) gene polymorphisms and the outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods: In this case-control study, 749 cases of persistent HCV infection, 494 cases of spontaneous clearance and 1 486 control subjects were included from 2008 to 2016. TaqMan-MGB probe method was used to detect the genotype of TNFRSF11A rs1805034 and TNFRSF11B rs2073617. The genotypes distribution of the two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were analyzed in different populations. Results: Co-dominant model showed that individuals carrying the rs2073617 CC genotype were prone to have chronic HCV infection, compared with individuals carrying the rs2073617 TT genotype (OR=1.517, 95%CI: 1.055-2.181, P=0.024). Recessive model results showed that individuals carrying rs2073617 CC genotype were more likely to develop chronic HCV infection compared with individuals carrying rs2073617 TT or TC genotype (OR=1.435, 95%CI: 1.033-1.996, P=0.032). Additive model showed that the risk for chronic HCV infection increased with the increase of the number of rs2073617 C alleles (OR=1.204, 95%CI: 1.013-1.431, P=0.035). Conclusion: The genetic polymorphism of TNFRSF11B rs2073617 might be related with the chronicity of HCV infection.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica/genética , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Genótipo , Hepacivirus , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 941-946, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484258

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to examine the demographic characteristics, HIV related knowledge and behavior, correlates of bisexual behavior and status of HIV infection among men who have sex with men only (MSMO) and men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) in Shandong province. Methods: According to the requirements from "National HIV/AIDS sentinel surveillance program" , a cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect information on demographics, sexual and drug use behaviors, and HIV-related services among MSM in nine sentinel surveillance sites from April to July in 2018. Blood samples were drawn for serological tests on both HIV and syphilis antibodies. Results: A total of 3 474 participants were included in this study. Related information on these participants would include: average age as (31.66±9.01) years; 35.06% (1 218) married or cohabiting with a woman, 50.52% (1 755) had college or higher education, 80.11% (2 783) self-identified as gays and 14.22% (494) self-identified as bisexual men,16.87% (586) ever having sex with woman in the past 6 months, 10.51% (365) ever using drugs. HIV and syphilis prevalence rates were 2.99% (104/3 474) and 2.76%(96/3 474). Through multivariable logistic models, MSMW were more likely to be ≥35 years of age, local residents, self-identified as heterosexual/bisexual/uncertain, ever having commercial sex with man but less likely to consistently use condoms in the past 6 months, less using internet/dating software to find male sex partners and less using drugs. There was no significant differences noticed in the following areas: number of sexual partners in the last week, condom use in the last six months with commercial sex partners, with HIV or syphilis infection and self-reported history of STD in the past year between MSMO and MSMW (P>0.05). HIV-infected MSM were more likely to have the following features, ≥45 years of age, non-local residents, finding male sex partners from the bothhouses, park/toilets or from the internet/dating software, also less likely to consistently use condoms in the past 6 months, using drugs or with syphilis infection. Conclusions: High prevalence of bisexual behavior as well as higher risk of HIV infection were noticed among MSM in Shandong province. It is important to strengthen related surveillance and effective intervention programs for MSM with different characteristics in Shandong province.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho Sexual/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Preservativos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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