Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Acta Diabetol ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988690

RESUMO

AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of chronic liver disorders worldwide. Some hypoglycemic drugs can improve NAFLD. However, it is unclear which of these types of hypoglycemic drugs are more effective for NAFLD. Therefore, we conducted a network meta-analysis to determine the effect of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists on NAFLD patients. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Medline was conducted, and the literature from database inception up to April 30, 2021 was obtained. Liver function tests, lipid profiles, body mass index (BMI) and glycemic parameters were obtained from randomized controlled trials. Weighted mean differences (WMDs), relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for continuous outcomes, and the I2 statistic was used to evaluate the heterogeneity of the studies. RESULTS: In total, 22 trials, including 1361 patients, were selected. In direct meta-analysis, GLP-1 receptor agonists were superior to TZDs in decreasing alanine aminotransferase (WMD, -0.40, 95% CI: -0.60 to -0.20), γ-glutamyl transferase (WMD, -5.00, 95% CI: -6.47 to -3.53), BMI (WMD, -4.10, 95%CI: -6.55 to -1.65) and triglycerides (WMD, - 0.50, 95% CI: -0.68 to -0.32). Based on Bayesian network meta-analysis, the effect of SGLT-2 inhibitors on weight loss was superior to that of TZDs (WMD, -1.80, 95%CI: -3.30 to -0.41). CONCLUSIONS: GLP-1 receptor agonists and SGLT-2 inhibitors improved liver enzymes, BMI, blood lipid, blood glucose and insulin resistance in NAFLD patients.

2.
Front Oncol ; 11: 744251, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650925

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been considered as biomarkers or regulators in many diseases. However, the exact role of circRNA- or lncRNA-mediated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks in the modulation of depression pathogenesis-relevant processes is not clear. In this study, we profiled whole transcriptome in depression patients' blood samples via microarray analysis. As a result, a total of 340 circRNAs, 398 lncRNAs, 206 miRNAs, and 92 mRNAs were differentially expressed between the depression and control groups. Then, we constructed ceRNA networks according to the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Using bioinformatics analysis, 89 pairs of circRNA-ceRNA and 49 pairs of lncRNA-ceRNA networks were obtained. Since depression is a broad and heterogeneous condition that is known as promoter for many chronic diseases including cancer, so we further dug out 28 circRNAs, 61 lncRNAs, 26 miRNAs, and 29 mRNAs that are associated with cancer. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses showed that the DEGs were significantly enriched in cancer-related signaling pathways such as MAPK, Wnt, IL-17, Ras, and PI3K-Akt. Genes involved in the above pathways such as S100A9, GATA2, SRFP5, SLC45A3, NTRK1, FRZB, has_circ_0014221, has_circ_0014220, and has_circ_0087100 were dysregulated in various cancer cell lines by stress hormones induced. HDC, GATA2, SLC45A3, and NTRK1 were downregulated in tumor-bearing mice subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). LncRNA-mediated ceRNA network validation showed that overexpression of miR-4530 declined HDC level. Our findings highlight the potential circRNA- and lncRNA-mediated ceRNA regulatory mechanisms in the pathogenesis of depression and as potential biomarkers in depression cancer comorbidity through the pathways of IL-17 or histidine metabolism.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257221, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bleaching is widely accepted for improving the appearance of discolored teeth; however, patient compliance is affected by bleaching-related complications, especially bleaching sensitivity. This study aimed to investigate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cytotoxicity and pain conduction activated by experimental tooth bleaching. METHODS: Dental pulp stem cells with or without N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an ROS scavenger, were cultured on the dentin side of the enamel/dentin disc. Subsequently, 15% (90 min) and 40% (30 min) bleaching gels were painted on the enamel surface. Cell viability, intracellular ROS, Ca2+, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and extracellular ATP levels were evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, CellROX, fura-3AM fluorescence assay, and ATP measurement kit. The rat incisor model was used to evaluate in vivo effects after 0, 1, 3, 7, and 30 days of bleaching. Changes in gene and protein expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), and Pannexin1 (PANX1) in dental pulp stem cells and pulp tissue were detected through RT-PCR, western blotting, and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: The bleaching gel suppressed dental pulp stem cell viability and extracellular ATP levels and increased intracellular ROS, Ca2+, and intracellular ATP levels. The mRNA and protein expression of IL-6, TNFα, TRPA1, and PANX1 were up-regulated in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the 40% gel had a stronger effect than the 15% gel, and NAC ameliorated the gel effects. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that bleaching gels induce cytotoxicity and pain conduction in dental pulp stem cells via intracellular ROS, which may provide a potential therapeutic target for alleviating tooth bleaching nociception.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária/citologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Western Blotting , Células Cultivadas , Esmalte Dentário/química , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/química , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Adulto Jovem
4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17418, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465829

RESUMO

Hyperalgesia has become a major problem restricting the clinical application of tooth bleaching. We hypothesized that transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), a pain conduction tunnel, plays a role in tooth hyperalgesia and inflammation after bleaching. Dental pulp stem cells were seeded on the dentin side of the disc, which was cut from the premolar buccal tissue, with 15% (90 min) or 40% (3 × 15 min) bleaching gel applied on the enamel side, and treated with or without a TRPA1 inhibitor. The bleaching gel stimulated intracellular reactive oxygen species, Ca2+, ATP, and extracellular ATP in a dose-dependent manner, and increased the mRNA and protein levels of hyperalgesia (TRPA1 and PANX1) and inflammation (TNFα and IL6) factors. This increment was adversely affected by TRPA1 inhibitor. In animal study, the protein levels of TRPA1 (P = 0.0006), PANX1 (P < 0.0001), and proliferation factors [PCNA (P < 0.0001) and Caspase 3 (P = 0.0066)] increased significantly after treated rat incisors with 15% and 40% bleaching gels as detected by immunohistochemistry. These results show that TRPA1 plays a critical role in sensitivity and inflammation after tooth bleaching, providing a solid foundation for further research on reducing the complications of tooth bleaching.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária/patologia , Hiperalgesia/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/patologia , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Géis/efeitos adversos , Hiperalgesia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 141: 111803, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146854

RESUMO

The antipsychotic drug olanzapine was reported to induce nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), whereas the underlying mechanism remains incompletely understood. This study investigated whether apolipoprotein A5 (apoA5) and sortilin, two interactive factors involved in NAFLD pathogenesis, are implicated in olanzapine-induced NAFLD. In our study, at week 8, olanzapine treatment successfully induced hepatic steatosis in female C57 BL/6 J mice, which was independent of body weight gain. Likewise, olanzapine effectively mediated hepatocyte steatosis in HepG2 cells characterized by substantially elevated intracellular lipid droplets. Increased plasma triglyceride concentration and decreased plasma apoA5 levels were observed in mice treated with 8-week olanzapine. Surprisingly, olanzapine markedly enhanced hepatic apoA5 protein levels in mice, without a significant effect on rodent hepatic ApoA5 mRNA. Our in vitro study showed that olanzapine reduced apoA5 protein levels in the medium and enhanced apoA5 protein levels in hepatocytes, whereas this drug exerted no effect on hepatocyte APOA5 mRNA. By transfecting APOA5 siRNA into HepG2 cells, it was demonstrated that APOA5 knockdown effectively reversed olanzapine-induced hepatocyte steatosis in vitro. In addition, olanzapine drastically increased sortilin mRNA and protein levels in vivo and in vitro. Interestingly, SORT1 knockdown reduced intracellular apoA5 protein levels and increased medium apoA5 protein levels in vitro, without affecting intracellular APOA5 mRNA levels. Furthermore, SORT1 knockdown greatly ameliorated hepatocyte steatosis in vitro. This study provides the first evidence that sortilin inhibits the hepatic apoA5 secretion that is attributable to olanzapine-induced NAFLD, which provides new insight into effective strategies against NAFLD for patients with schizophrenia administered olanzapine.

6.
Opt Express ; 28(6): 8560-8573, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32225478

RESUMO

We theoretically study the transport properties in a one-dimensional photonic lattice influenced by the presence of side-coupled P T-symmetric non-Hermitian defects. The P T symmetry is manifested as the complex potentials on the defects and the complex defect-lattice couplings, respectively. These two mechanisms are found to induce the Fano effect in the transport processes, with the different characteristics of it. Next, if the complex potentials and defect-lattice couplings co-exist, the Fano effect will be achieved more efficiently. However, further enhancing either of them can weaken the Fano interference seriously. Our findings reveal the physical essence of the Fano effect on the P T-symmetric non-Hermitian defects, and the results can provide insights into the engineering and dynamical control of Fano resonances in non-Hermitian photonic structures.

7.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 57(11): 980-91, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25809845

RESUMO

DNA markers play important roles in plant breeding and genetics. The Insertion/Deletion (InDel) marker is one kind of co-dominant DNA markers widely used due to its low cost and high precision. However, the canonical way of searching for InDel markers is time-consuming and labor-intensive. We developed an end-to-end computational solution (InDel Markers Development Platform, IMDP) to identify genome-wide InDel markers under a graphic pipeline environment. IMDP constitutes assembled genome sequences alignment pipeline (AGA-pipe) and next-generation re-sequencing data mapping pipeline (NGS-pipe). With AGA-pipe we are able to identify 12,944 markers between the genome of rice cultivars Nipponbare and 93-11. Using NGS-pipe, we reported 34,794 InDels from re-sequencing data of rice cultivars Wu-Yun-Geng7 and Guang-Lu-Ai4. Combining AGA-pipe and NGS-pipe, we developed 205,659 InDels in eight japonica and nine indica cultivars and 2,681 InDels showed a subgroup-specific pattern. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of subgroup-specific markers indicated that the precision reached 90% (86 of 95). Finally, to make them available to the public, we have integrated the InDels/markers information into a website (Rice InDel Marker Database, RIMD, http://202.120.45.71/). The application of IMDP in rice will facilitate efficiency for development of genome-wide InDel markers, in addition it can be used in other species with reference genome sequences and NGS data.


Assuntos
Genômica/métodos , Mutação INDEL , Oryza/genética , Marcadores Genéticos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...