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2.
Gene ; : 145192, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007373

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the correlations of promoter methylation and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Li and Han nationalities in Hainan province. Depression- and anxiety-related questionnaires were performed for PTSD-related information collection and analysis, with 164 PTSD patients and 141 healthy controls included. Serum BDNF level was measured and the methylation of BDNF promoter was evaluated. The BDNF SNP genotyping was performed, after which the risk genotypes for PTSD were detected and analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Our study found that the PTSD incidence was different in Li and Han nationalities. Serum BDNF level in PTSD patients in Li nationality was obviously lower than that in patients in Han nationality, while the methylation of BDNF promoter was higher in patients in Li nationality. The G-712A rather than rs6265 genotypes presented significant difference between PTSD patients and healthy controls. Meanwhile, the patients in Li nationality with AG genotype at G-712A inclined to depression, and patients with GG genotype had a greater degree of PTSD. G-712A and promoter methylation of BDNF were independent risk factors for PTSD. Our study demonstrated that the differences of PTSD patients between Li and Han nationalities were attributed by SNP G-712A genotypes and promoter methylation of BDNF.

3.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901151

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

4.
Analyst ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902521

RESUMO

Correction for 'Investigation of heart lipid changes in acute ß-AR activation-induced sudden cardiac death by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry' by Jia-Qian Lou, et al., Analyst, 2020, DOI: 10.1039/d0an00768d.

5.
Int J Legal Med ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909067

RESUMO

Wound age estimation is a complex, multifactorial issue. It is considered to have great practical significance that combining multi-biomarkers and multi-methods for injury time estimation. We optimized our earlier "up, no change, or down" model by adding data on the expression levels of mRNAs encoding ABHD2, MAD2L2, and ARID5A, and we converted the relative quantitative expression levels of seven genes into a vector rather than a color model. We used Python to derive the cosine similarity (CS) between a test set and the vector matrix; the highest similarity most accurately reflected the injury time. For the optimized model, the internal and external verifications were approximately 0.71 and 0.66, respectively. The good double-blinded results indicated that the model was stable and reliable. In summary, we used a vector matrix and cosine similarities derived by Python to mine the levels of genes expressed in contused skeletal muscle. We are the first to combine several biomarkers and methods for wound age estimation.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unlike papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is extremely aggressive and rapidly lethal without effective therapies. However, the differences of master regulators and regulatory networks between PTC and ATC remain unclear. Methods: Three representative datasets comprising 32 ATC, 69 PTC, and 78 normal thyroid tissue samples were combined to form a large dataset. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and enriched by limma package and gene set enrichment analysis, respectively. Subsequently, protein-protein interaction network and transcription factors (TFs) regulatory network were constructed to identify gene modules and master regulators. Further, master regulators were validated by RT-PCR and western blot. Finally, Kaplan-Meier plotter was applied to evaluate their prognostic values. Results: A total of 560 DEGs were identified as ATC-specific malignant signature. The regulatory network analysis showed that nine master regulators were significantly correlated with three gene modules and potentially regulated the expression of DEGs in three gene modules, respectively. Furthermore, CREB3L1, FOSL2, E2F1 and CAT were significantly associated with overall survival of thyroid cancer patients. FOXM1, FOSL2, MYBL2, AVEN and E2F1 were unfavorable factors of recurrence-free survival (RFS), while CAT was a favorable factor of RFS. RT-PCR and western blot confirmed that six TFs were obviously up-regulated in ATC tissues/cell line as compared with PTC and normal thyroid tissues/cell lines, respectively. In addition, 19 ATC-specific kinases were identified to illustrate the potential post-translational modification. Conclusions: Our findings provide a comprehensive insight into malignant mechanism of ATC, which may indicate their value in the future investigation of ATC.

7.
Opt Express ; 28(19): 28686-28695, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988134

RESUMO

A random fiber laser with flexible wavelength interval switching is proposed and demonstrated through two switching methods. One is to change the effective structure of the laser cavity by controlling the switches of 980 nm pump laser diodes (LDs) for erbium-doped fibers (EDFs), which can achieve the switching of the wavelength interval from a single Brillouin frequency shift (BFS) of 0.088 nm to a double BFS of 0.176 nm. Another method is to manipulate the gain provided by the two EDF amplifiers by controlling the power of the three 980 nm LDs, thereby realizing the optical switching of the wavelength interval. This kind of wavelength interval switchable random fiber laser increases the flexibility and functionality of multi-wavelength light sources, and further expands the application range of the random fiber lasers. Furthermore, the alternative wavelength interval switching mechanisms with simple structure enable it to meet the application requirements of various occasions.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15807, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978483

RESUMO

Recent studies revealed culturable periodontal keystone pathogens are associated with preterm low birth weight (PLBW). However, the oral microbiome is also comprised of hundreds of 'culture-difficult' or 'not-yet-culturable' bacterial species. To explore the potential role of unculturable and culturable periodontitis-related bacteria in preterm low birth weight (PLBW) delivery, we recruited 90 pregnant women in this prospective study. Periodontal parameters, including pocket probing depth, bleeding on probing, and clinical attachment level were recorded during the second trimester and following interviews on oral hygiene and lifestyle habits. Saliva and serum samples were also collected. After delivery, birth results were recorded. Real-time PCR analyses were performed to quantify the levels of periodontitis-related unculturable bacteria (Eubacterium saphenum, Fretibacterium sp. human oral taxon(HOT) 360, TM7 sp. HOT 356, and Rothia dentocariosa), and cultivable bacteria (Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella intermedia) in saliva samples. In addition, ELISA analyses were used to determine the IgG titres against periodontal pathogens in serum samples. Subjects were categorized into a Healthy group (H, n = 20) and periodontitis/gingivitis group (PG, n = 70) according to their periodontal status. The brushing duration was significantly lower in the PG group compared to the H group. Twenty-two of 90 subjects delivered PLBW infants. There was no significant difference in periodontal parameters and serum IgG levels for periodontal pathogens between PLBW and healthy delivery (HD) groups. However, ordinal logistic regression analysis revealed that a higher abundance of Treponema denticola, Prevotella intermedia, Fretibacterium sp. HOT360 and lower levels of Rothia dentocariosa were significantly associated with the presence of periodontal disease during pregnancy. Moreover, the amount of Eubacterium saphenum in saliva and serum IgG against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were negatively correlated with PLBW. Taken together, unculturable periodontitis-associated bacteria may play an important role both in the presence of periodontal inflammation during pregnancy and subsequent PLBW.

9.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e925852, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Chronic ocular hypertension (COH) models mostly focus on changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). The present study evaluated important glaucoma-related changes in visual function, response to common ocular hypotensive drugs, and safety for our previously developed rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS The model was established through a single injection of hydrogel into the anterior chambers. Efficacy was assessed through F-VEP by measuring latency and amplitude of P1. We evenly divided 112 rats into 4 groups: control and COH at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. Response to 5 common drugs (brimonidine, timolol, benzamide, pilocarpine, and bimatoprost) were each tested on 6 rats and assessed using difference in IOP. Safety assessment was conducted through histological analysis of 24 rats evenly divided into 4 groups of control and COH at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. Corneal endothelial cells (CECs) of 24 additional rats were used to determine toxic effects through TUNEL and CCK-8 assays. RESULTS P1 latency and amplitude of VEP demonstrated the model is effective in inducing optic nerve function impairment. Only the drug pilocarpine failed to have an obvious hypotensive effect, while the other 4 were effective. CECs at 2, 4, and 8 weeks showed no significant differences from control groups in results of histological analysis, TUNEL, and CCK-8 assays. CONCLUSIONS A single injection of hydrogel into the anterior chamber is effective for modeling COH, can respond to most commonly used hypotensive drugs, and is non-toxic to the eyes.

10.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-2, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991231

RESUMO

A safe and effective vaccine candidate is urgently needed for the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2. Here we report that recombinant SARS-CoV-2 RBD protein immunization in mice is able to elicit a strong antibody response and potent neutralizing capability as measured using live or pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 neutralization assays.

12.
Pharmacol Res ; 161: 105144, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) induces tumor metastasis and recurrence. However, the role of CSCs in molding the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) is largely inexplicit. This study aimed to comprehensively characterize the stemness of esophageal cancer (EC) and correlate the stemness patterns with TIME. METHODS: A trained stemness index model was used to score EC patients based on the one-class logistic regression (OCLR) machine-learning algorithm. Gene expression-based stemness index (mRNAsi) and DNA methylation-based stemness index (mDNAsi) were calculated for integrative analyses of EC stemness in the training cohort (n = 182) and validation cohort (n = 179). Intrinsic stemness patterns were estimated to determine its association with clinical features, biological pathways, prognosis, and potential inhibitors. Additionally, the dynamic interplay between EC stemness and TIME was integrally characterized. RESULTS: Analyses of EC stemness and clinical characteristics indicated that higher-stage and metastatic tumors featured more dedifferentiated phenotypically. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that mRNAsi was significantly associated with overall survival (OS) of EC patients, whereas no relationship was observed between mDNAsi and OS. Notably, prolonged OS was observed with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in low versus high mRNAsi groups, whereas the OS was equivalent between the two groups for esophageal adenocarcinoma (ESAD). The mRNAsi may thus recapitulate prognostic molecular subgroups of EC. The prognostic model comprising 14 stemness signatures was constructed using combined Cox and Lasso regression analyses which effectively distinguished individual survival of ESCC in two cohorts. Nevertheless, no significant differences in OS was observed when the same prognostic model of ESCC was applied to ESAD. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of selected stemness signatures indicated that ESCC stemness is involved in immune-related pathways. Furthermore, ESCC stemness and stemness-related signatures were associated with tumor-infiltrating immune cells, immunoscore, and PD-L1 expression. Compounds specific to the selected stemness signatures were detected using the CMap database. CONCLUSION: This study determined integrated characteristics of EC stemness. The identified mRNAsi-based signatures conferred with the predictive ability of personalized ESCC prognosis and highlighted the potential targets for CSC-mediated immunotherapy. Analyses of the interface between ESCC stemness and TIME may help in predicting the efficacy of CSC-specific immunotherapy and provide insight into combinatorial therapy by targeting ESCC stem cells and TIME.

13.
ISA Trans ; 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763016

RESUMO

This article addresses the formation control with obstacle avoidance for a mixed-order linear multi-agent in the ocean environment via a distributed optimal control approach. The considered system is comprised of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) and unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). A consensus control law for horizontal direction and height direction is then designed uniformly, and the stability is ensured using block Kronecker product and matrix transformation theory. A linear quadratic regulator method is further designed to achieve distributed optimization. Moreover, for obstacle avoidance in the UUVs, a non-quadratic penalty function is constructed based on the seamount threat model by adopting an inverse optimal control approach. Simulation results confirm the efficiency of the consensus and obstacle avoidance.

14.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 6279-6289, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801873

RESUMO

Objective: The effect of PUE on enhancing the anti-cancerous efficacy of DDP on drug-resistant A549/DDP cancer and the underlying mechanisms were thoroughly investigated. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxicity of PUE, DDP, and PUE + DDP to A549 cells and A549/DDP cells, respectively, is determined by cell apoptosis experiments. Anti-proliferation effect of PUE, DDP, and PUE + DDP on A549 cells and A549/DDP cells is evaluated by the cell cloning assay. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the levels of PUE, DDP, and PUE + DDP of cell proliferation-related genes and proteins expressions in A549/DDP cells are determined by Western blot assay. The levels of VEGF in A549/DDP cells after different treatment strategies are determined by ELISA assay. Qualitative and quantitative determination of VEGF expression in tumor tissues are done by immunohistochemical staining. Results: In vitro cellular experiments revealed that co-incubation of A549/DDP cells with PUE and DDP led to a dramatically decreased cell viability and cell survival rate compared with the cells only treated by DDP. Such a stimulating effect of PUE on DDP was further confirmed in vivo with results shown that the A549/DDP cancer-bearing mice treaded by combination therapy achieved the lowest tumor growth rate and longest survival time. Conclusion: Taking these results together, we can draw the conclusion that the PUE enhances the anti-tumor effect of DDP on the drug-resistant A549 cancer in vivo and in vitro through activation of the Wnt signaling pathway.

15.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1618, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32849548

RESUMO

T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated immune functions are closely related to autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, technical challenges used to limit the accurate profiling of TCR diversity in SLE and the characteristics of SLE patients remain largely unknown. In this study, we collected peripheral blood samples from 10 SLE patients with lupus nephritis (LN) who were confirmed by renal biopsy, as well as 10 healthy controls. The TCR repertoire of each sample was assessed by high-throughput sequencing to examine the distinction between SLE subjects and healthy controls. Our results showed statistically significant differences in TCR diversity and usage of TRBV/TRBJ genes between the two groups. A set of signature V-J combinations enabled efficient identification of SLE cases, yielding an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.74-1.00). Taken together, our results revealed the potential correlation between the TCR repertoire and SLE status, which may facilitate the development of novel immune biomarkers.

16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(7): 713-6, 2020 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of long-snake moxibustion and ginger-partitioned moxibustion at ashi point on nonspecific low back pain (NLBP) with symptom of cold and dampness. METHODS: A total of 120 patients were randomized into a long-snake moxibustion group, an ashi point group and a waiting for treatment group, 40 cases in each one. Ginger-partitioned moxibustion was applied from Dazhui (GV 14) to Yaoshu (GV 2) of governor vessel in the long-snake moxibustion group, and was applied at ashi point of affected area in the ashi point group, 40 min each time, once every other day and totally 8 times were required. No intervention was adopted in the waiting for treatment group, and after the trial, long-snake moxibustion was applied. Before and after treatment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of rest and activity, the Oswestry disability index (ODI) score and the score of cold and dampness symptom were observed in the 3 groups. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the VAS scores of rest and activity, the ODI scores and the scores of cold and dampness symptom after treatment were decreased in the long-snake moxibustion group and the ashi point group (P<0.05). After treatment, the variations of the above indexes in the long-snake moxibustion group and the ashi point group were larger than those in the waiting for treatment group (P<0.05), and the variations of the above indexes in the long-snake moxibustion group were larger than those in the ashi point group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Long-snake moxibustion can effectively improve the pain, dysfunction and the symptom of cold and dampness in patients with nonspecific low back pain, and the improvement is superior to the ginger-partitioned moxibustion at ashi point.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/terapia , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
17.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 47: 101748, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682296

RESUMO

The identification of muscle hemorrhage in a cadaver that is in an advanced stage of decomposition is an important but challenging task. Our study investigated whether Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy in conjunction with chemometrics could identify muscle hemorrhage using rat cadavers with advanced decomposition. In this study, an intramuscular blood injection method, instead of a mechanical injury method, was used to construct a muscle hemorrhage model, and the modeling idea of muscle hemorrhage identification was to discriminate and classify hemoglobin-leaking myofibrils from negative myofibrils. First, the optical images of hematoxylin/eosin (H&E) stained hemorrhagic muscle at different postmortem intervals (PMIs) were observed and showed that the morphological features of whole erythrocytes disappeared since the PMI of 4 d. Subsequently, principle component analysis (PCA) was performed and indicated that the biochemical differences in protein structures between fresh erythrocytes and myofibrils can be detected by the IR spectroscopic method. Ultimately, several classification models based on the partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) algorithm were successfully constructed for different PMIs and PMI ranges and achieved great prediction performances in external validations. This preliminary study demonstrates the feasibility of using FT-IR microspectroscopy combined with chemometrics as a potential approach for identifying muscle hemorrhage in cadavers with advanced decomposition for offering vital evidences in judicial process.

18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 549, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to report the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in Zengdu District, Hubei Province, China. METHODS: Clinical data on COVID-19 inpatients in Zengdu Hospital from January 27 to March 11, 2020 were collected; this is a community hospital in an area surrounding Wuhan and supported by volunteer doctors. All hospitalized patients with COVID-19 were included in this study. The epidemiological findings, clinical features, laboratory findings, radiologic manifestations, and clinical outcomes of these patients were analyzed. The patients were followed up for clinical outcomes until March 22, 2020. Severe COVID-19 cases include severe and critical cases diagnosed according to the seventh edition of China's COVID-19 diagnostic guidelines. Severe and critical COVID-19 cases were diagnosed according to the seventh edition of China's COVID-19 diagnostic guidelines. RESULTS: All hospitalized COVID-19 patients, 276 (median age: 51.0 years), were enrolled, including 262 non-severe and 14 severe patients. The proportion of patients aged over 60 years was higher in the severe group (78.6%) than in the non-severe group (18.7%, p < 0.01). Approximately a quarter of the patients (24.6%) had at least one comorbidity, such as hypertension, diabetes, or cancer, and the proportion of patients with comorbidities was higher in the severe group (85.7%) than in the non-severe group (21.4%, p < 0.01). Common symptoms included fever (82.2% [227/276]) and cough (78.0% [218/276]). 38.4% (106/276) of the patients had a fever at the time of admission. Most patients (94.9% [204/276]) were cured and discharged; 3.6% (10/276) deteriorated to a critical condition and were transferred to another hospital. The median COVID-19 treatment duration and hospital stay were 14.0 and 18.0 days, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the COVID-19 patients in Zengdu had mild disease. Older patients with underlying diseases were at a higher risk of progression to severe disease. The length of hospital-stay and antiviral treatment duration for COVID-19 were slightly longer than those in Wuhan. This work will contribute toward an understanding of COVID-19 characteristics in the areas around the core COVID-19 outbreak region and serve as a reference for decision-making for epidemic prevention and control in similar areas.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Tosse/epidemiologia , Feminino , Febre/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12188, 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699274

RESUMO

The rose is one of the most important ornamental woody plants because of its extensive use and high economic value. Herein, we sequenced a complete chloroplast genome of the miniature rose variety Rosa 'Margo Koster' and performed comparative analyses with sequences previously published for other species in the Rosaceae family. The chloroplast genome of Rosa 'Margo Koster', with a size of 157,395 bp, has a circular quadripartite structure typical of angiosperm chloroplast genomes and contains a total of 81 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes. Conjunction regions in the chloroplast genome of Rosa 'Margo Koster' were verified and manually corrected by Sanger sequencing. Comparative genome analysis showed that the IR contraction and expansion events resulted in rps19 and ycf1 pseudogenes. The phylogenetic analysis within the Rosa genus showed that Rosa 'Margo Koster' is closer to Rosa odorata than to other Rosa species. Additionally, we identified and screened highly divergent sequences and cpSSRs and compared their power to discriminate rose varieties by Sanger sequencing and capillary electrophoresis. The results showed that 15 cpSSRs are polymorphic, but their discriminating power is only moderate among a set of rose varieties. However, more than 150 single nucleotide variations (SNVs) were discovered in the flanking region of cpSSRs, and the results indicated that these SNVs have a higher divergence and stronger power for profiling rose varieties. These findings suggest that nucleotide mutations in the chloroplast genome may be an effective and powerful tool for rose variety discrimination and DNA profiling. These molecular markers in the chloroplast genome sequence of Rosa spp. will facilitate population and phylogenetic studies and other related studies of this species.

20.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 21: 299-314, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622331

RESUMO

Because most studies have focused on the intrinsic carcinogenic pathways of tumors, the underlying role of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation in tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) remains elusive. Herein, we systematically explored the correlations of prominent m6A regulators with PD-L1 and immune infiltrates in 769 head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs; The Cancer Genome Atlas [TCGA] cohort, n = 499; GSE65858 cohort, n = 270). The PD-L1 expression evidently associated with m6A regulators. Two molecular subtypes (cluster1/2) were identified by consensus clustering for 15 m6A regulators. The cluster2 preferentially associated with favorable prognosis, upregulated PD-L1 expression, higher immunoscore, and distinct immune cell infiltration. The hallmarks of G2M checkpoint, mTORC1 signaling, and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling were remarkably enriched in the cluster1. A prognostic risk score was constructed using seven m6A regulator-associated signatures that represented an independent prognosis factor for HNSCC. Patients with low-risk score exhibited higher immunoscore and upregulated PD-L1 expression than patients with high-risk score. Consistently, m6A regulators showed the same influence on immune modulation and survival in external GSE65858 cohort. Further analysis revealed that m6A regulator-based signatures were implicated in TIME and their copy-number alterations dynamically affected the abundance of tumor-infiltrating immune cells. Collectively, our study elucidated the important role of m6A methylation in TIME of HNSCC. The proposed m6A regulator-based signatures might serve as crucial mediators of TIME in HNSCC, representing promising therapeutic targets in improving immunotherapeutic efficacy.

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