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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(46): 3633-3637, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826585

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of endovascular treatment for non-thrombotic right iliac vein compression syndrome with intravascular ultrasound. Methods: The clinical data of 40 patients with non-thrombotic right iliac vein compression syndromereceiving intravascular ultrasound-assisted balloon dilatation combined with stent implantation from January 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 8 females, the average age of whom was 63 (46-81) years old. The patients were classified according to the CEAP (Clinical-Etiology- Anatomy-Pathophysiology) classification: 7 cases as C3, 18 as C4, 10 as C5 and 5 as C6. All patients underwent percutaneous right femoral vein puncture, intravascular ultrasound, and balloon dilatation combined with stentimplantation in the right iliac vein lesion location. Results: The success rate of clinical operations was 100%. There were no serious complications during the perioperative period. All patients were followed up for 4-58 months. During the follow-up period, the relief rate of limb edema was 88.6% (31/35), the pain relief rate was 86.7%(13/15), and the healing rate of ulcers was 100% (6/6). After the stent implantation, the endovascular area of the compression site was significantly enlarged (34.5mm(2)± 11.1mm(2)vs129.8 mm(2)±17.2 mm(2), P<0.001). The follow-up of color Doppler and/or anterograde angiography for deep veins of lower limb with digital subtraction angiography showed that the blood flow in the stentsweres mooth in all patients. Three cases were observed that the intimal hyperplasia led to mild in-stent restenosis, no obvious in stent restenosis (>50%). The abdominal X-ray plain film showed no obvious displacement and fracture of the stents. The venous clinical severity score (VCSS) was statistically significant (13.0±2.4 vs 6.2±2.0, P<0.001). The statistical results of short-form health surver SF-36 showed that the scores of life quality in all dimensions of the affected limb were significantly improved after operation (P=0.000). Conclusion: Intravascular ultrasound-assisted balloon dilatation combined with stent implantation is not only a safe and effective treatment for non-thrombotic right iliac vein compression syndrome, but also has a good mid-term patency rate.


Assuntos
Síndrome de May-Thurner , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Flebografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(12): 963-968, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877591

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nifekalan (NIF) on cardioversion in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients post radiofrequency ablation, and investigate the relevant factors related to the cardioversion efficacy of NIF. Methods: We screened patients with sustained AF rhythm after radiofrequency ablation between November 2016 and July 2018. Participants were treated with intravenous NIF 0.4 mg/kg within 5-10 minutes after ablation. We observed the adverse reaction, and monitored the rhythm, heart rate, QT interval and QTc interval before the medication and at 5, 10, 20, 120 min after the medication. According to the drug outcome of NIF, patients were divided into conversion group and non-conversion group, related factors affecting conversion efficacy were evaluated using logistic regression analysis. Results: (1)A total of 116 patients were enrolled in the study (63 males and 53 females, mean age was (64±18) years). Among them, 72 patients were converted to sinus rhythm, and the overall successful rate was 62.1%. There were 84 patients with persistent AF, of which 50 cases (59.2%) were restored to sinus rhythm. There were 32 patients with paroxysmal AF, 22 cases (68.8%) of them were restored to sinus rhythm. The conversion time was 1.5 to 12 (6.8±3.4)min. (2) In 116 patients, the QT interval and QTc interval were significantly longer after medication than before the drug administration (P<0.01), and peaked at about 10th min, and restored to the level before drug administration at about 120th min. (3) There were 8 cases of bradycardia (6.9%), 3 cases of frequent and short ventricular tachycardia (2.6%). (4) The duration of atrial fibrillation was shorter and left atrial diameter was smaller in the cardioversion group than in the non-cardioversion group (both P<0.05). There were no significant differences in gender, disease history, atrial fibrillation type and structural heart disease between the two groups (P>0.05). (5) Multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that the duration of atrial fibrillation (OR=0.980, 95%CI 0.966-0.994, P=0.004) and the left atrial diameter (OR=0.888, 95%CI 0.814-0.967, P=0.007) were the factors that influence the cardioversion efficacy of NIF on atrial fibrillation post ablation. Conclusions: The total effective rate of NIF was 62.1% in patients witrh sustained AF post radiofrequency ablation, was 68.8% in patients with paroxysmal AF. Besides, NIF has the advantage of short conversion time and few adverse reactions. Left atrium diameter and AF duration were relevant factors that influence the efficacy of NIF of cardioversion in patients with sustained AF after radiofrequency ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Cardioversão Elétrica , Feminino , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(21): 9506-9516, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer has been proven as the most common malignancy influencing the health of females. This research aimed to clarify the effects of high-mobility group box 3 (HMGB3)-small interfere RNA (HMGB3-siRNA) on the proliferation of breast cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HMGB3-mimic and HMGB3-siRNA lentiviral vectors were structured. The above lentiviral vectors were then transfected into normal breast cells (MCF10A) and breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) analysis was employed to assess proliferative viabilities of cells. The formation of the mammosphere in breast cancer cells was examined using mammosphere-forming assay. The mRNA expression of Nanog, Sox2, and OCT-4 genes was evaluated using quantitative real time-PCR (qRT-PCR). CD44 positive/CD24 negative (CD44+/CD24-) cell levels were evaluated using flow cytometry assay. The correlation between HMGB3 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) was analyzed using Linear-Regression analysis. The interaction between HMGB3 and HIF1α expression was determined using the Dual-Luciferase assay. RESULTS: HMGB3 expression was remarkably enhanced in breast cancer cells compared to that in normal cells (p<0.05). HMGB3-siRNA significantly decreased the proliferative activity and remarkably suppressed the mammosphere formation compared to that in single MDA-MB-231 cells (p<0.05). HMGB3-siRNA remarkably reduced Nanog, SOX2, and OCT-4 and significantly enhanced CD44+/CD24- cells compared to single MDA-MB-231 cells (p<0.05). HMGB3-siRNA significantly weakened the expression of HIF1α in MDA-MB-231 cells compared to single MDA-MB-231 cells (p<0.05). HMGB3 was positively correlated with HIF1α expression (p<0.05). There was an interaction between HMGB expression and HIF1α expression. CONCLUSIONS: HMGB3 small interfering RNA suppressed the formation of mammosphere in MDA-MB-231 cells by downregulating the expression of HIF1α.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(20): 6616-6624, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a spastic and spinal joint disease with the characteristic of pathological ossification. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that there is a complementary binding site between microRNA-124 (miR-124) and the 3'-UTR of glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß) mRNA. We aimed to investigate the role of miR-124 in regulating GSK-3ß expression, Wnt/ß-catenin pathway activity, and osteoblast differentiation of spinal ligament fibroblasts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ligament tissues of AS and the femoral neck fracture patients were collected. MiR-124 and GSK-3ß mRNA expressions were detected by using quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). GSK-3ß and ß-catenin protein expressions were detected by using Western blot. Ligament fibroblasts were isolated and induced to differentiate into osteoblasts. Alizarin red S staining (ARS) was used to identify osteoblast differentiation. Expressions of miR-124, GSK-3ß, ß-catenin, Osterix, and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) were detected during differentiation. The cells were divided into two groups as agomiR-normal control (NC) transfection group and agomir miR-124 transfection group. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and Alizarin Red S staining were detected. RESULTS: MiR-124 and ß-catenin expressions in the ligament of AS patients increased, while GSK-3ß level reduced compared with control. MiR-124, ß-catenin, Osterix, and RUNX2 expressions gradually elevated, whereas GSK-3ß level gradually declined following increased osteoblasts differentiation. Antagomir miR-124 transfection significantly up-regulated the expression of GSK-3ß in osteoblast differentiation, significantly decreased the expression of ß-catenin, Osterix, and RUNX2, and significantly inhibited osteoblast differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-124 decreased and GSK-3ß elevated in AS ligament tissue. Down-regulation of miR-124 expression enhanced GSK-3ß expression, weakened Wnt/ß-catenin pathway activity, and inhibited the differentiation of ligament fibroblasts into osteoblasts.


Assuntos
Transdiferenciação Celular , Fibroblastos/enzimologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Ligamentos Articulares/enzimologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/enzimologia , Osteogênese , Espondilite Anquilosante/enzimologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Adulto , Sítios de Ligação , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transdiferenciação Celular/genética , Feminino , Fibroblastos/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Ligamentos Articulares/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior , Osteoblastos/patologia , Osteogênese/genética , Espondilite Anquilosante/genética , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Adulto Jovem
5.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 32(11): 823-826, 2018 Jun 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29921050

RESUMO

Objective:To study the clinical features of patients with recurrent benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and to analyze potential related factors of recurrences.Method:Eighty patients who suffered recurrent BPPV were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups: young group (21 cases), middle-aged group (25 cases) and old-aged group (34 cases). Theclinical data including age, gender, pathological pattern and canal type of BPPV were collected. We further analyzed the efficacy of repositioning treatment for recurrent BPPV.Result:In this study, there are 62 cases of primary BPPV(77.50%) and 18 cases of secondary BPPV(22.50%). In patients with recurrent BPPV, the laterior semicircular canal BPPV and posterior semicircular canals BPPV were the most common, and there was no differences on the aspects of age and gender in the two groups of patients with recurrent HSC BPPV and PSC BPPV (P>0.05).Compared with the primary diagnosis, we found that 48.75% cases relapsed in the same semicircular canals, 21.25% cases relapsed in other canals of the same ear, and 30.00% cases relapsed in a different ear. In this study, 96.25% patients with recurrent BPPV were cured in a month and one-time reset success rate was 56.25%.Conclusion: The age, gender, pathological pattern and canal type show certain clinical features of recurrent BPPV. The evidence of long term of recurrence course and high variability of problematic location support the approval opinion based on new otolith.


Assuntos
Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna , Posicionamento do Paciente , Canais Semicirculares/patologia , Idoso , Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna/diagnóstico , Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna/patologia , Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna/terapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Membrana dos Otólitos , Recidiva
6.
Epidemiol Infect ; 145(16): 3385-3397, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29081304

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the leading causes of death and morbidity associated with liver disease. Risk factors identified for the transmission of HCV include contaminated blood products, intravenous drug use, body piercing, an infected mother at birth, sexual activity, and dental therapy, among others. However, the exact diversity of the HCV genotype and genetic variation among patients with low-risk factors is still unknown. In this study, we briefly described and analysed the genotype distribution and genetic variation of HCV infections with low-risk factors using molecular biology techniques. The results suggested that genotype 1b was predominant, followed by genotypes 2a and 1a. Genetic variations in the 5' UTR sequences of HCV were identified, including point mutations, deletions, and insertions. The frequency of genetic variations in 1b was higher than in 2a. This study provides considerable value for the prevention and treatment of liver disease caused by HCV among patients with low-risk factors and for the development of HCV diagnostic reagents and vaccines.


Assuntos
Variação Genética/genética , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filogenia , RNA Viral/análise , RNA Viral/sangue , RNA Viral/genética , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Adulto Jovem
7.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 38(6): 1163-1168, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28385886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Low-Profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS) stent is a new device recently introduced for the treatment of wide-neck intracranial aneurysms. This single-center study presents the authors' preliminary experience using the LVIS stent to treat saccular aneurysms with parent arteries smaller than 2.5 mm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aneurysms with a LVIS stent used in a small parent vessel (<2.5 mm in diameter) between October 2014 and April 2016 were included. Procedure-related complications, angiographic results, clinical outcomes, and midterm follow-up data were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 22 patients was studied, including 5 ruptured and 17 unruptured aneurysms. Most of the aneurysms were located in the anterior circulation (90.9%). Stent placement in the parent arteries measuring 1.7-2.4 mm in diameter (mean, 2.1 mm) was successful in 100% of cases. Procedure-related complication developed in 1 patient (4.5%) who presented with aneurysm rupture. No permanent morbidity and mortality occurred. Immediate angiographic outcome showed complete occlusion in 8 aneurysms (36.4%), neck residual in 8 (36.4%), and residual aneurysm in 6 (27.3%). All patients underwent angiographic follow-up at a mean of 8.3 months, which revealed complete occlusion in 18 (81.8%) patients, neck remnant in 3 (13.6%), and residual sac in 1 (4.5%). No recanalization of the target aneurysm was observed. There was 1 case with asymptomatic in-stent stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary results show that the deployment of LVIS stents in small vessels is feasible, safe, and effective in the midterm. Larger studies with long-term follow-up are needed to validate our promising results.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma Roto/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Anim Sci ; 95(11): 5054-5063, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29293707

RESUMO

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of viscosity and fermentability of purified nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) on intestinal nutrient and energy flow and hindgut fermentation in growing pigs. In Exp. 1, 15 ileal-cannulated pigs (50.5 ± 2.9 kg BW) were allotted to 5 diets in a 2-period incompletely randomized design. Pigs were provided a cornstarch N-free diet (CST) or a diet containing 5% inulin (INU), carboxymethylcellulose sodium (CMC), microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), or Solka-Floc (SFC). Apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of DM, ash, and GE were greater ( < 0.05) in the MCC and SFC diets than in the INU and CMC diets. Apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of DM, carbohydrates (CHO), and GE and the DE content in the CST and INU diets were greater ( < 0.01) than in the CMC, MCC, and SFC diets. Hindgut disappearance of DM, CHO, and GE in the INU diet was greater ( < 0.05) than in the other N-free diets. The ileal endogenous flow of His, Ile, Leu, Met, Thr, Val, and all dispensable AA in the CMC diet was greater ( < 0.05) than in the other diets. In Exp. 2, 6 ileal-cannulated pigs were allotted to 3 diets containing either a corn-soybean meal control diet or the control diet with 5% INU or CMC in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design. Standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of Ala, Arg, Asp, Cys, Gly, His, Ile, Leu, Lys, Phe, Ser, Thr, and Val were greater ( < 0.05) in the CMC diet than in the control and INU diets. Incorporation of 5% INU or CMC in the control diet reduced ( < 0.01) the AID of arabinoxylan and insoluble and total NSP. The ATTD of NSP and cellulose and the hindgut disappearance of NSP, ß-glucan, and cellulose in the CMC diet were less ( < 0.01) than in the control and INU diets. Inclusion of 5% INU in the diet increased ( < 0.01) hindgut fermentation of insoluble and total NSP compared with the control and CMC diets. In conclusion, depending on the viscosity and fermentability of the NSP, different sources will have different effects on nutrient digestibility and hindgut fermentation. Addition of 5% INU to a corn-soybean meal diet reduced digestibility of the NSP component in the ileum and increased hindgut fermentation of total NSP. In contrast, the inclusion of CMC increased the AID and SID of the diet and reduced total tract digestion and hindgut fermentation of NSP component. Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is not recommended as a source of synthetic fiber in a N-free diet to determine the SID of AA of diets.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Transferência de Energia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fermentação/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Suínos/fisiologia , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Digestão/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético , Fezes/química , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Masculino , Polissacarídeos/química , Soja , Viscosidade , Zea mays
9.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 27(3): 345-350, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26780551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The experience of flow diverters (FDs) in treating large vertebral artery-dissecting aneurysms (VADAs) is still limited. This study was conducted to present our long-term outcome of VADAs treated with a Tubridge flow diverter (TFD), a new device developed in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and angiographic data of six patients harboring large VADAs and treated with TFDs were prospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of nine TFDs were successfully implanted in six patients. Angiographic follow-up images were available for all patients at a median of 26.0 (18.5, 37.5) months after treatment. Five of the six VADAs were completely occluded, and the last was improved (near complete occlusion). In-stent stenosis was detected in one case and was handled appropriately by angioplasty and stenting. All covered branches and parent arteries remained patent. There were no complications or new neurological deficits observed in any of the patients. At the latest clinical follow-up (36.5 (26.0, 44.5) months), all patients achieved 0 in the modified Rankin scale score. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary experience suggests that the Tubridge flow diverter might be an alternative treatment for large and recurrent dissecting aneurysms derived from the vertebral artery.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/terapia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Stents , Adulto , Angiografia Cerebral , China , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento , Artéria Vertebral
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26898868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application of scalp skin grafts in reconstruction of external auditory meatus in congenital aural atresia. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 85 patients of congenital aural atresia, all of whom were unilateral, operated from March of 2008 to December of 2010 in ENT department of the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital. The patients enrolled in the study were between 6 to 37 years old (median age 12 years), 55 male and 30 female. Scalp surface graft in ipsilateral temporal region was harvested to cover the bony external auditory meatus. RESULTS: All of these scalp split-thickness skin grafts survived without necrosis, no restenosis was found in these external auditory meatus. Neither scar nor alopecia was found in the skin-harvesting region, and hairs grew well. Granulations occurred in 27 cases in the first to sixth month posteroperatively, 20 cases recovered after local treatment. In the first year, 30 cases obtained hearing improvement more than 15 dB, 36 cases gained more than 25 dB and 19 cases gained more than 35 dB. Totally 8 patients were lost in the 4 to 5 years of follow-up, 70 cases (70/77, 90.9%) developed new external auditory meatus, 7 cases (7/77, 9.1%) suffered from stenosis in different degrees, but no atresia was found in these patients. CONCLUSION: Scalp split-thickness skin grafts has significant clinical advantage in meatoplasty of congenital aural atresia.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/cirurgia , Meato Acústico Externo/cirurgia , Orelha/anormalidades , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Couro Cabeludo/transplante , Transplante de Pele , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Cicatriz , Constrição Patológica , Orelha/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29871089

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the status of the vestibular function of the patients with chronic positional symptoms after peripheral acute vestibular syndrome (AVS) and the curative effect of the vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT). Method:Using caloric test (CT), head shaking nystagmus test (HST), cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials as well as ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials to estimate the function of semicircular canal and otolith organs. The patients with normal VEMPs are divided as Group A. Otherwise are as Group B. Both groups are treated with VRT. The curative effect is estimated by vestibular symptom index (VSI) and Berg balance scale (BBS). Result:Thirty-three of 37 patients (86.5%) had an abnormal result of CT and HST, with 23 of these patients (65.7%) had an abnormal of both test. Twenty-two patients (59.5%) were in Group A and 15 (40.5%) in Group B. Before the therapy, Group B had a higher score of the balance and dizziness symptoms of VSI (P<0.05), and Group A had a higher score of the BBS (P<0.05). After the therapy, the VSI scores of both groups dropped and scores of the BBS raised. Conclusion:Patients with chronic positional symptoms after peripheral AVS have dynamic vestibular lesions to different extents. Those with otolith organs lesions tend to have a worse function of balance. Nevertheless, patients have a better off after VRT.


Assuntos
Vertigem/terapia , Vestíbulo do Labirinto/fisiopatologia , Testes Calóricos , Humanos , Canais Semicirculares , Vertigem/fisiopatologia , Potenciais Evocados Miogênicos Vestibulares , Testes de Função Vestibular
12.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 30(14): 1104-1109, 2016 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29798431

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis,and to learn the impact factors of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss with contralateral sensorineural hearing loss(SSHLwCSHL).Method:Clinical data of 63 cases of patients with SSHLwCSHL were analyzed systematically,including all the clinical manifestations,audiologic characteristics and the effect assessment,and compared with that of unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss(USSHL) and bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss(BSSHL).Base on those,we summarized comprehensively the development and prognosis characteristics of the disease.Result:The incidence of SSHLwCSHL was 8.3 percent of overall patients with SSNHL.SSHLwCSHL occurs more commonly in male patients,with more vertigo,diabetes mellitus,and lipid panel abnormalities compared with other groups.Hearing curve and the degree of hearing loss of the prevalence ear of SSHLwCSHL was statistically significant difference with USSHL(P<0.05).Most common reason of the contralateral hearing loss was sudden sensorineural hearing loss(49%),and 59% patients of SSHLwCSHL suffered hearing loss of other ear after 2-10 years after contralateral hearing loss.The total effective rate was 14.3%,1 in 63 patients cured,1 excellence and 6 effective.The total effective rate was 9.5% in patients with severe or profound sensorineural hearing loss in the contralateral ear,which was lower than that of patients with moderate and moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss in the contralateral-ear(P=0.021).Conclusion:SSHLwCSHL has complex condition.The prognosis for improvement is poor.Recognition of similarities and differences between bilateral and unilateral SSNHL can help in counseling and managing the patients.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Bilateral/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva Súbita/diagnóstico , Surdez , Feminino , Perda Auditiva Bilateral/etiologia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/etiologia , Perda Auditiva Súbita/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Vertigem
13.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 30(14): 1118-1120, 2016 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29798434

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of the patients with BPPV accompanied by idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss(ISSNHL).Method:Retrospective analysis of 150 cases of patients with ISSNHL.All data of the cases were collected,including history,pure tone audiograms and VNG tests.Result:16.0% of all patients had BPPV accompanied by ISSNHL.77.8% of these patients had an abnormal caloric test result.73.9% of them had a profound hearing loss.The hearing outcome between those with and without BPPV had no significant difference.Conclusion:Patients with BPPV accompanied by ISSNHL seem to have a more severe damage than those without BPPV,while the hearing outcomes seem no significant difference between them.


Assuntos
Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna/complicações , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/complicações , Perda Auditiva Súbita/complicações , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 21(5): 580-4, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26179063

RESUMO

The endovascular treatment of wide-necked, large and giant aneurysms remains challenging. This retrospective study investigated the feasibility and safety of an intra-aneurysmal microcatheter looping technique for stent-assisted embolization of complicated intracranial aneurysms.This technique was used for 31 patients with complicated cerebral aneurysms from January 2007 to November 2013. The clinical and angiographic results were retrospectively evaluated.The target aneurysms were successfully treated in all cases (100%). A flow diverter was used in seven procedures. There were no aneurysmal perforations or ischemic complications, except for a microguidewire perforation of the distal vessel in one case. Among the 24 cases with conventional stent-assisted embolization, complete embolization or neck residual was obtained in 21 cases. Partial occlusion occurred in three cases.In conclusion, the intra-aneurysmal microcatheter looping technique is a safe and feasible alternative treatment of complicated intracranial aneurysms. This approach is a reasonable choice for patients and leads to successful outcomes.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Stents , Angiografia Digital , Angiografia Cerebral , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Anim Sci ; 92(9): 3887-94, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25057025

RESUMO

The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate in vitro DE (IVDE) of selected feed ingredients using a computer-controlled simulated digestion system (CCSDS) and predict DE of ingredients for growing pigs. Samples of 6 ingredients with a wide range in energy and nutrient profile were collected. The CP and GE contents ranged from 9.9 to 50.9% and 4,493 to 4,841 kcal/kg (DM basis), respectively. Two control diets were formulated to achieve different CP contents (12.5 and 20.0%). Three experimental diets were formulated by replacing 20% of the high-CP control diet with corn, wheat, or wheat bran, whereas 3 additional diets were formulated by replacing 20% of the low-CP control diet with soybean meal, rapeseed meal, or cottonseed meal. The DE was determined using barrows (n = 24; initial BW = 35.9 ± 1.9 kg) in 2 periods with 6 observations per diet treatment and ranged from 2,769 to 4,368 kcal/kg. The equation for the DE content (kcal/kg of DM) using chemical components as independent variables was DE = 4,186 + 0.06 × CP + 79.33 × ether extract - 14.57 × NDF - 47.99 × ADF, with R(2) = 0.995, residual SD (RSD) = 89.5 kcal/kg, CV = 2.4%, and P = 0.10 (chemical component values; %). The IVDE ranged from 2,289 to 3,724 kcal/kg and was highly related to the determined DE content of the ingredients (R(2) = 0.91, RSD = 193 kcal/kg, and CV = 5.2%). The relationship between IVDE:GE and DE:GE was very high (R(2) = 0.93, RSD = 3.8%, and CV = 4.7%). The average values of CV for IVDE (0.75%) and IVDE:GE (0.73%) were less than that for determined DE (2.58%) and DE:GE (2.54%), respectively. In conclusion, the IVDE content determined, using a CCSDS with relatively high accuracy and acceptable repeatability, might be used to predict DE of feed ingredients for growing pigs.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Simulação por Computador , Fenômenos Fisiológicos do Sistema Digestório , Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Fibras na Dieta/análise , Masculino , Modelos Biológicos , Soja/química , Suínos/fisiologia , Triticum/química , Zea mays/química
16.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 35(12): 2326-33, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24722307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Tubridge flow diverter is a novel device developed in China and aimed at reconstructing the parent artery and occluding the aneurysm. We conducted this study to evaluate its feasibility, safety, and efficacy for the treatment of large or giant internal carotid artery aneurysms, which are still challenging with conventional therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and angiographic data of 28 patients with 28 large or giant internal carotid artery aneurysms treated with Tubridge flow diverters were prospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-three Tubridge flow diverters were successfully implanted except for 1 poor midstent opening; the result was a technical success rate of 97.0% (32/33). Follow-up angiographies were available for 25 aneurysms; the mean follow-up was 9.9 months (5-24 months). Of the 25 aneurysms, 18 (72.0%) were completely occluded, 6 (24.0%) were improved, and 1 (4.0%) was unchanged. All of the visible covered branches and parent arteries were patent, with no stenosis or obliteration. During a follow-up of 6-30 months (mean, 19 months), symptoms were resolved in 13 patients, improved in 6 patients, and unchanged in 4 patients. Five patients experienced transient clinical deterioration due to a postoperative increased mass effect. Procedure-related morbidity and mortality were both zero. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary experience shows that the Tubridge flow diverter is a safe and effective tool for treating large and giant internal carotid artery aneurysms. However, multicenter randomized trials and studies involving a long-term follow-up are necessary.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/terapia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia/instrumentação , Angiografia Digital , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Carótida Interna , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , China , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/instrumentação , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Intervencionista
17.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 85(2): 02C308, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24593645

RESUMO

A dual beam ion source for 200 keV ion implanter aimed to produce 200 keV H2 (+) and He(+) beams simultaneously has been developed. Not suitable to use the analyzing magnet, the purity of beam extracted from the source becomes important to the performance of implanter. The performance of ion source was measured. The results of experiments show that the materials of inlet tube of ion source, the time of arc ionization in ion source, and the amount of gas flow have significant influence on the purity of beam. The measures by using copper as inlet tube material, long time of arc ionization, and increasing the inlet of gas flow could effectively reduce the impurity of beam. And the method using the gas mass flow controller to adjust the proportion of H2 (+) and He(+) is feasible.

18.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 34(3): 583-8, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22899783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: VBD can trigger various clinical symptoms, especially ischemic stroke in the posterior circulation, but there is no effective treatment for their prevention. We aimed to validate the feasibility of coil-assisted stent reconstruction in the vascular lumen for the treatment of VBD and to evaluate its long-term effectiveness in preventing ischemic events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and imaging data of 9 patients with unruptured VBD were reviewed retrospectively. Depending on the length and diameter of the diseased target vessel, multiple LEO and/or Solitaire stents were implanted, assisted by coils. RESULTS: Stent reconstruction in the vascular lumen was successful in all patients. Procedure-related complications occurred in 1 patient who developed brain stem and cerebellar infarction 8 days after endovascular treatment and died in 4 months. Coil embolization of the nondominant side of the vertebral artery was performed 1 month after the operation in 1 patient who developed partial brain stem and cerebellar infarction leading to hemiplegia. The mean follow-up time of the 8 surviving patients was 20.75 ± 6.90 months. Of the 4 patients with dolichoectasia in the anterior circulation, 2 experienced ischemic events in the anterior circulation. Another patient had sudden death at home 26 months after the operation. The conditions of the remaining 5 patients were stable without deterioration, and in 4, DSA/CTA/MRA suggested improved morphology of the vertebral artery compared with that before the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular reconstruction with coil-assisted stent placement or stent placement alone in the vascular lumen for the treatment of VBD is technically feasible and can prevent ischemic events in the territory of stented vessels compared with the natural course, though further studies in larger samples are needed.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Stents , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
J Int Med Res ; 40(5): 1708-14, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23206452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) play important roles in the vascular system. The FGFR4 rs351855 (Gly388Arg) poly morphism has been shown to be a risk factor for many diseases. This case-control study investigated the association between the FGFR4 Gly388Arg polymorphism and susceptibility to ischaemic stroke in the Chinese population. METHODS: The FGFR4 Gly388Arg polymorphism was detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in patients with ischaemic stroke and healthy controls. RESULTS: Frequencies of genotypes GA and AA, and prevalence of the A allele, were significantly lower in ischaemic stroke patients (n = 952) than in controls (n = 986). Genotype AA and allele A were significantly more frequent in stroke patients with, than in those without, diabetes. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that the GA genotype, AA genotype and A allele of FGFR4 Gly388Arg polymorphism are all associated with decreased risk of ischaemic stroke in the Chinese population.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Infarto Cerebral/genética , Receptor Tipo 4 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Idoso , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
20.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 33(7): 1310-6, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22517283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Y-stent technique, including crossing-Y and kissing-Y, is a promising therapeutic option for some complex bifurcation aneurysms. Here, its efficacy and safety are evaluated on the basis of 11 bifurcation aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for all patients who underwent endovascular treatment of aneurysms in our department between January 2009 and June 2011 to identify and analyze cases with bifurcation aneurysms reconstructed by using Y-stents. RESULTS: Eleven patients (4 ruptured and 7 unruptured aneurysms) were identified (4 men, 7 women) with a mean age of 60.4 years. Nine aneurysms (2 AcomAs, 3 MCA-Bifs, 1 PcomA, 3 BA apexes) were treated by using the crossing-Y technique, and 2 (both BA apexes) were treated with the kissing-Y technique, achieving complete occlusion in 6 aneurysms, residual neck in 4, and partial occlusion in 1. Perioperatively, a single thromboembolic event occurred in 1 case without neurologic deficit, which required a salvaging second stent implantation. Means of 9.9 months of angiographic and 13.7 months of clinical follow-up were available. As a result, 9 (81.8) aneurysms were completely occluded, 1 with a residual neck remained stable, and 1 residual aneurysm sac was recanalized, which was retreated and achieved a complete occlusion. All patients were independent with an mRS score of 0-1 at discharge and follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In selected patients, the reconstruction of bifurcation aneurysms by using the Y-stent can be successfully achieved with satisfactory midterm results.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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