Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.079
Filtrar
1.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678306

RESUMO

C. oleifera is an economically important oilseed crop and medical plant. However, as a characteristic honey resource, the standard protocol used to identify the composition of C. oleifera honey has not been established yet. Previously, distinctive flavonoid has been shown as an effective marker to trace the botanical origin of honey. In this study, we examined the flavonoid types in C. oleifera honey and nine other monofloral honeys by using liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and compared the differences and identified eight distinct flavonoids in C. oleifera honey. Then, comparing the 8 flavonoids with the 14 flavonoids common to C. oleifera honey and nectar, two distinct flavonoids were identified in C. oleifera honey and nectar. Finally, we identified kaempferitrin as the distinct flavonoid marker in C. oleifera honey using the degree of influence of the partial least-squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) model on C. oleifera honey and ployfloral honey.


Assuntos
Mel , Mel/análise , Flavonoides/química , Néctar de Plantas , Cromatografia Líquida , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Injury ; 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present our experience with a new modified Ilizarov technique of acute shortening and double-level lengthening (ASDL) for the management of large tibial bone defects after trauma and infection and compare it with bone transport (BT). METHODS: A retrospective comparative study was performed on 47 patients with large tibial defects after trauma and infection from June 2014 to June 2018. Depending on different Ilizarov methods, these patients were divided into ASDL group (n = 21) and BT group (n = 26). The difference in bone lengthening time, time in frame, external fixation index, docking site healing time were recorded and compared between the two groups. Bone and functional results were evaluated according to the Association for the Study and Application of the Method of Ilizarov (ASAMI) criteria. Complications encountered in both groups were categorized according to the classification of Paley, including problems (treated nonoperatively), obstacles (treated operatively), and sequelae (unresolved at last). RESULTS: All patients were followed for at least two years since the lengthening frame was removed. All cases achieved complete union at the docking site and consolidation of the regenerate callus. The mean bone loss was 8.9 cm (range 6.5-16.0 cm) in ASDL group vs. 10.3 cm (range 5.2-18.5 cm) in BT group. The mean bone lengthening time was 2.4 ± 0.7 months in ASDL group vs. 4.1 ± 1.4 months in BT group (p<0.001); time in frame was 9.1 months (range 7.0-14.5 months) in ASDL group vs. 17.7 months (range 13.5-23.0 months) in BT group (p<0.001); and external fixation index was 1.04 months/cm (range 0.83-1.38 months/cm) in ASDL group vs. 1.91 months/cm (range 1.28-2.70 months/cm) in BT group (p<0.001). The incidence of obstacles occurred in ASDL group was significantly lower than that in BT group (p<0.001). There was no significant difference in the bone (p = 0.635) and functional results (p = 0.293) between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Compared with bone transport, our modified technique of acute shortening and double-level lengthening could reduce bone lengthening time, time in frame, external fixation index and postoperative complications. It showed better clinical effects in patients with large tibial bone defects after trauma and infection.

3.
Int J Pharm ; : 122645, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706970

RESUMO

The drug-amino acid co-amorphous systems and amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) are promising methods to address the poor water solubility of poorly water-soluble drugs. However, some amino acids might not be perfect co-formers for co-amorphous systems, and the relatively low drug-loading of many ASDs is one of the main disadvantages of ASDs. Thus, poly-l-lysine and polyglutamic acid were selected as the co-formers, ball milled with basic mebendazole, neutral tadalafil and acidic valsartan at different weight ratios (from 3:1 to 1:3) to prepare poly (amino acid)-based ASDs, aiming to combine the advantages of co-amorphous systems (high drug-loading) and ASDs (relatively high Tg and high physical stability). All the mixtures were converted into amorphous after milling. The powder dissolution studies showed that drug-poly (amino acid) ASDs improved the dissolution rate of the drug in different ways and to different degrees. Moreover, the two poly (amino acid)s enhanced the physical stability of amorphous drugs. It is worthy to mention that the salt formation between the drug and the poly (amino acid) does not necessarily mean better performance compared to non-salt forming systems, and salt formation is also not a prerequisite for the formation of promising drug-poly (amino acid) ASDs.

4.
Mol Cell Probes ; 67: 101895, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) can be utilized to detect cancer and predict its prognosis. However, their potential application in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is unclear. PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the diagnostic and prognostic value of cfDNA and VEGF-C in LSCC patients. METHODS: The plasma cfDNA of 148 LSCC patients and 43 non-tumor patients were isolated. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to assess long and short DNA fragments in plasma by amplifying the ALU repeats. ALU-qPCR results (ALU247/ALU115) were used to calculate cfDNA integrity index. Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) level was detected by ELISA assay. Correlation between cfDNA and clinical features was analyzed. For detecting the sensitivity and specificity of cfDNA and VEGF-C alone or in combination for diagnosing LSCC, receiver operator characteristic (ROC) was established. For evaluating the overall survival (OS) of LSCC, Kaplan-Meier curves were established. RESULTS: LSCC patients had significantly higher levels of plasma cfDNA (ALU115, ALU247, and cfDNA integrity index) and VEGF-C than those without cancer (p < 0.05), showing area under the curve (AUC) values of 0.79, 0.74, 0.62 and 0.80, when cutoff value was correspondingly defined at 2.14 ng/mL, 1.39 ng/mL, 0.73 and 412.90 pg/mL, respectively. The AUC for distinguishing LSCC patients from non-tumor patients by plasma cfDNA combined with VEGF-C was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.83-0.94). A significant correlation was found between plasma cfDNA levels and Ki-67, tumor size, pT stage, and smoking history (p < 0.05). Based on survival analysis, low VEGF-C concentration groups had longer OS than those with high VEGF-C concentration (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Indicators such as plasma cfDNA and VEGF-C may be used to diagnose and monitor LSCC for its noninvasiveness and rapid accessibility.

5.
J Proteome Res ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36648763

RESUMO

Peritoneal fibrosis progression is regarded as a significant cause of the loss of peritoneal function, markedly limiting the application of peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the pathogenesis of peritoneal fibrosis remains to be elucidated. Tissue-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) change their molecular cargos to adapt the environment alteration, mediating intercellular communications and play a significant role in organ fibrosis. Hence, we performed, for the first time, four-dimensional label-free quantitative liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry proteomic analyses on EVs from normal peritoneal tissues and PD-induced fibrotic peritoneum in mice. We demonstrated the alterations of EV concentration and protein composition between normal control and PD groups. A total of 2339 proteins containing 967 differentially expressed proteins were identified. Notably, upregulated proteins in PD EVs were enriched in processes including response to wounding and leukocyte migration, which participated in the development of fibrosis. In addition, EV proteins of the PD group exhibited unique metabolic signature compared with those of the control group. The glycolysis-related proteins increased in PD EVs, while oxidative phosphorylation and fatty acid metabolism-related proteins decreased. We also evaluated the effect of cell-type specificity on EV proteins, suggesting that mesothelial cells mainly cause the alterations in the molecular composition of EVs. Our study provided a useful resource for further validation of the key regulator or therapeutic target of peritoneal fibrosis.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 302: 120386, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604064

RESUMO

Starch cryogel is a potential material for oil absorption. This study provided a facile and convenient polyelectrolyte-based preparation strategy of starch cryogel, in which the structural properties of the cryogel were regulated by amylose content and pre-freezing without long-time retrogradation. Sodium laurate was used as a guest model to form starch-fatty acid salt complex (polyelectrolyte). The amount of amylose content and sodium laurate added led more polyelectrolytes, significantly increased V-type crystallinity from 3.72 % to 22.40 % and complexing index from 4.32 % to 28.48 %. As the uniform pore structure improved the oil absorption ability of starch cryogel, the starch cryogel prepared by waxy maize starch followed by quick pre-freezing showed the highest specific surface area (9.87 m2/g) and oil absorption capacity (32.94 g/g). Our findings suggest that polyelectrolyte properties have great potential in the preparation of starch-based cryogels, which could be applied in the design of novel starch-based porous materials.


Assuntos
Amilose , Amido , Amido/química , Amilose/química , Criogéis , Polieletrólitos , Congelamento , Amilopectina/química
7.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 24(1): 36, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Latent and active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in knee-associated muscles may play a key role in pain management among patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dry needling treatment on pain intensity, disability, and range of motion (ROM) in patients with KOA. METHODS: This randomized, single-blinded, clinical trial was carried out for 6 weeks of treatment and 6-month follow-up. A total of 98 patients met the entry criteria and were randomly assigned to the dry needling latent and active myofascial trigger point (MTrPs) with the stretching group or the oral diclofenacwith the stretching group. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and ROM were statistically analyzed before and after treatment and at the 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 42 patients in the dry needling group (DNG) and 35 patients in the diclofenac group (DG), respectively, completed the study, and there was no significant difference in the general data between the two groups. After treatments, both the groups showed a good effect in knee pain, function, and ROM, However, the DNG showed a significantly better result than the DG. Especially in the results of the 6-month follow-up, the DNG showed much better results than the DG. CONCLUSIONS: Dry needling on latent and active MTrPs combined with stretching and oral diclofenac combined with stretching can effectively relieve pain, improve function, and restore knee ROM affected by KOA. However, the effects of dry needling and stretching are better and longer lasting than those of oral diclofenac and stretching for at least 6 months. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( www.chictr.org.cn ) in 17/11/2017 with the following code: ChiCTR-INR-17013432.


Assuntos
Agulhamento Seco , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Pontos-Gatilho , Diclofenaco/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Dor , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Lab Chip ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629004

RESUMO

Due to their small sizes, microrobots are advantageous for accessing hard-to-reach spaces for delivery and measurement. However, their small sizes also bring challenges in on-board powering, thus usually requiring actuation by external energy. Microrobots actuated by external energy have been applied to the fields of physics, biology, medical science, and engineering. Among these actuation sources, light and magnetic fields show advantages in high precision and high biocompatibility. This paper reviews the recent advances in the design, actuation, and applications of microrobots driven by light and magnetic fields. For light-driven microrobots, we summarized the uses of optical tweezers, optoelectronic tweezers, and heat-mediated optical manipulation techniques. For magnetically driven microrobots, we summarized the uses of torque-driven microrobots, force-driven microrobots, and shape-deformable microrobots. Then, we compared the two types of field-driven microrobots and reviewed their advantages and disadvantages. The paper concludes with an outlook for the joint use of optical and magnetic field actuation in microrobots.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674715

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 (SaCas9) is a widely used genome editing tool. Understanding its molecular mechanisms of DNA cleavage could effectively guide the engineering optimization of this system. Here, we determined the first cryo-electron microscopy structure of the SaCas9-sgRNA-DNA ternary complex. This structure reveals that the HNH nuclease domain is tightly bound to the cleavage site of the target DNA strand, and is in close contact with the WED and REC domains. Moreover, it captures the complete structure of the sgRNA, including the previously unresolved stem-loop 2. Based on this structure, we build a full-length model for the ternary complex in cleavage state. This model enables identification of the residues for the interactions between the HNH domain and the WED and REC domains. Moreover, we found that the stem-loop 2 of the sgRNA tightly binds to the PI and RuvC domains and may also regulate the position shift of the RuvC domain. Further mutagenesis and molecular dynamics simulations supported the idea that the interactions of the HNH domain with the WED and REC domains play an important role in the DNA cleavage. Thus, this study provides new mechanistic insights into the DNA cleavage of SaCas9 and is also useful for guiding the future engineering of SaCas9-mediated gene editing systems.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Edição de Genes , DNA/química
10.
Sustain Cities Soc ; 89: 104314, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438675

RESUMO

Human mobility, as a fundamental requirement of everyday life, has been most directly impacted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Existing studies have revealed its ensuing changes. However, its resilience, which is defined as people's ability to resist such impact and maintain their normal mobility, still remains unclear. Such resilience reveals people's response capabilities to the pandemic and quantifying it can help us better understand the interplay between them. Herein, we introduced an integrated framework to quantify the resilience of human mobility to COVID-19 based on its change process. Taking Beijing as a case study, the resilience of different mobility characteristics among different population groups, and under different waves of COVID-19, were compared. Overall, the mobility range and diversity were found to be less resilient than decisions on whether to move. Females consistently exhibited lower resilience than males; middle-aged people exhibited the lowest resilience under the first wave of COVID-19 while older adult's resilience became the lowest during the COVID-19 rebound. With the refinement of pandemic-control measures, human mobility resilience was enhanced. These findings reveal heterogeneities and variations in people's response capabilities to the pandemic, which can help formulate targeted and flexible policies, and thereby promote sustainable and resilient urban management.

11.
Mol Cell ; 83(1): 139-155.e9, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521489

RESUMO

Nonsense mutations, accounting for >20% of disease-associated mutations, lead to premature translation termination. Replacing uridine with pseudouridine in stop codons suppresses translation termination, which could be harnessed to mediate readthrough of premature termination codons (PTCs). Here, we present RESTART, a programmable RNA base editor, to revert PTC-induced translation termination in mammalian cells. RESTART utilizes an engineered guide snoRNA (gsnoRNA) and the endogenous H/ACA box snoRNP machinery to achieve precise pseudouridylation. We also identified and optimized gsnoRNA scaffolds to increase the editing efficiency. Unexpectedly, we found that a minor isoform of pseudouridine synthase DKC1, lacking a C-terminal nuclear localization signal, greatly improved the PTC-readthrough efficiency. Although RESTART induced restricted off-target pseudouridylation, they did not change the coding information nor the expression level of off-targets. Finally, RESTART enables robust pseudouridylation in primary cells and achieves functional PTC readthrough in disease-relevant contexts. Collectively, RESTART is a promising RNA-editing tool for research and therapeutics.


Assuntos
Códon sem Sentido , RNA , Animais , Códon sem Sentido/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Códon de Terminação/genética , Mutação , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Mamíferos/metabolismo
12.
Food Funct ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453451

RESUMO

Rosa roxburghii Tratt fruit (RRF), known commonly as Cili in China, is a highly valued fruit that contains abundant functional and nutritional constituents with a variety of health-promoting benefits. Polysaccharides (RRFPs) are regarded as one of the crucial biological compounds in RRF. Existing literature has shown that RRFPs possess various remarkable biological activities, such as antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and gut microbiota modulation capabilities. In recent years, isolation and purification methods, structural characteristics, and biological activities of RRFPs have been drawing increasing attention. However, there is no up-to-date review of research progress on this front. In this review, recent advances in RRFPs, including their isolation, purification, structural characterization, biological activity, and the structure-activity relationship are summarized and discussed. In addition, this review highlights the challenges and prospects of RRFPs. Overall, this review provides useful research underpinnings and updated information for the further development and utilization of RRFPs in the fields of health, food, and medicine.

13.
Foods ; 11(23)2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36496626

RESUMO

Thymol is a phenol monoterpene with potential antifungal, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Due to the low water solubility and high volatility of thymol, encapsulation serves as an effective tool during application. In the present study, cyclodextrin (CD)-based metal-organic-frameworks (MOFs) were synthesized using α-CD, ß-CD, and γ-CD as organic building blocks, and further complexed with thymol to produce three CD-MOF-THY inclusion complexes (ICs). The encapsulation content, release kinetics and fruit preservation effect of ICs were analyzed. Results showed that thymol was well embedded in γ-CD-MOFs, with the highest encapsulation content of 286.7 ± 8.4 mg/g. Release kinetics revealed that CD-MOFs exhibited a controlled release effect toward thymol for 35 days. The release kinetics of three ICs fit the Rigter-Peppas model well, with γ-CD-MOF-THY showing the lowest release rate constant of 2.85 at 50 °C, RH 75%. Moreover, γ-CD-MOF-THY exhibited a remarkable preservation performance on cherry tomatoes with the lowest decay index (18.75%) and weight loss (5.17%) after 15 days of storage, suggesting this material as a potential fresh-keeping material for fruit and vegetable preservation.

14.
Sci Adv ; 8(50): eade6135, 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516247

RESUMO

Systems with programmable and complex shape morphing are highly desired in many fields wherein sensing, actuation, and manipulation must be performed. Living organisms use nonuniform distributions of their body structural composition to achieve diverse shape morphing, motion, and functionality. However, for the microrobot fabrication, these designs often involve complicated robotic architectures requiring time-consuming and arduous fabrication processes. This paper proposes a single-step aniso-electrodeposition method for fabricating modular microrobots (MMRs) with distinct functions in each modular segment. By programming the electric field, the microscale stripe-shaped structure can be endowed with diverse shape-morphing capabilities, such as spiraling, twisting, bending, and coiling. The proposed fabrication method can develop MMRs with multiple independent modules onto which cells, drugs, and magnetic nanoparticles can be loaded to achieve multifunctionality. Thus, MMRs can perform multiple tasks, such as propulsion, grasping, and object delivery, simultaneously under magnetic control and ionic and pH stimuli.

15.
Biomicrofluidics ; 16(6): 061501, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389274

RESUMO

Cell pairing at the single-cell level usually allows a few cells to contact or seal in a single chamber and provides high-resolution imaging. It is pivotal for biological research, including understanding basic cell functions, creating cancer treatment technologies, developing drugs, and more. Laboratory chips based on microfluidics have been widely used to trap, immobilize, and analyze cells due to their high efficiency, high throughput, and good biocompatibility properties. Cell pairing technology in microfluidic devices provides spatiotemporal research on cellular interactions and a highly controlled approach for cell heterogeneity studies. In the last few decades, many researchers have emphasized cell pairing research based on microfluidics. They designed various microfluidic device structures for different biological applications. Herein, we describe the current physical methods of microfluidic devices to trap cell pairs. We emphatically summarize the practical applications of cell pairing in microfluidic devices, including cell fusion, cell immunity, gap junction intercellular communication, cell co-culture, and other applications. Finally, we review the advances and existing challenges of the presented devices and then discuss the possible development directions to promote medical and biological research.

16.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 900353, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440052

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aimed to explore the pathological mechanisms of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) using a gene chip array and single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq). Materials and methods: The mRNA expression profile GSE130391 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The peripheral blood samples of five CTEPH patients and five healthy controls were used to prepare the Affymetrix microRNA (miRNA) chip and the Agilent circular RNA (circRNA) chip. The pulmonary endarterectomized tissues from five CTEPH patients were analyzed by scRNA-seq. Cells were clustered and annotated, followed by the identification of highly expressed genes. The gene chip data were used to identify disease-related mRNAs and differentially expressed miRNAs and circRNAs. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network were constructed for each cell type. Results: A total of 11 cell types were identified. Intersection analysis of highly expressed genes in each cell type and differentially expressed mRNAs were performed to obtain disease-related genes in each cell type. TP53, ICAM1, APP, ITGB2, MYC, and ZYX showed the highest degree of connectivity in the PPI network of different types of cells. In addition, the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network for each cell type was constructed. Conclusion: For the first time, the key mRNAs, miRNAs, and circRNAs, as well as their possible regulatory relationships, during the progression of CTEPH were analyzed using both gene chip and scRNA-seq data. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the pathological mechanisms of CTEPH.

17.
BMC Med ; 20(1): 380, 2022 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Language deficits frequently occur during the prodromal stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the characteristics of linguistic impairment and its underlying mechanism(s) remain to be explored for the early diagnosis of AD. METHODS: The percentage of silence duration (PSD) of 324 subjects was analyzed, including patients with AD, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and normal controls (NC) recruited from the China multi-center cohort, and the diagnostic efficiency was replicated from the Pitt center cohort. Furthermore, the specific language network involved in the fragmented speech was analyzed using task-based functional magnetic resonance. RESULTS: In the China cohort, PSD increased significantly in aMCI and AD patients. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curves is 0.74, 0.84, and 0.80 in the classification of NC/aMCI, NC/AD, and NC/aMCI+AD. In the Pitt center cohort, PSD was verified as a reliable diagnosis biomarker to differentiate mild AD patients from NC. Next, in response to fluency tasks, clusters in the bilateral inferior frontal gyrus, precentral gyrus, left inferior temporal gyrus, and inferior parietal lobule deactivated markedly in the aMCI/AD group (cluster-level P < 0.05, family-wise error (FWE) corrected). In the patient group (AD+aMCI), higher activation level of the right pars triangularis was associated with higher PSD in in both semantic and phonemic tasks. CONCLUSIONS: PSD is a reliable diagnostic biomarker for the early stage of AD and aMCI. At as early as aMCI phase, the brain response to fluency tasks was inhibited markedly, partly explaining why PSD was elevated simultaneously.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Transversais , Fala , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos de Coortes , Biomarcadores
18.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 927892, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386715

RESUMO

Standing genetic variation is the predominant source acted on by selection. Organisms with high genetic diversity generally show faster responses toward environmental change. Nosema ceranae is a microsporidian parasite of honey bees, infecting midgut epithelial cells. High genetic diversity has been found in this parasite, but the mechanism for the parasite to maintain this diversity remains unclear. This study involved continuous inoculation of N. ceranae to honey bees. We found that the parasites slowly increased genetic diversity over three continuous inoculations. The number of lost single nucleotide variants (SNVs) was balanced with novel SNVs, which were mainly embedded in coding regions. Classic allele frequency oscillation was found at the regional level along the genome, and the associated genes were enriched in apoptosis regulation and ATP binding. The ratio of synonymous and non-synonymous substitution suggests a purifying selection, and our results provide novel insights into the evolutionary dynamics in microsporidian parasites.

19.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(21)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364564

RESUMO

We propose and demonstrate an efficient grating coupler for integrated SiGe photonic devices. A bottom metal layer is adopted to enhance the coupling efficiency on the wafer backside. A low coupling loss of -1.34 dB and -0.79 dB can be theoretically obtained with optimal parameters for uniform and apodized grating couplers, respectively. The fabrication process is CMOS compatible without need of wafer bonding. The influence of fabrication errors on the coupling efficiency is analyzed in terms of substrate thickness, grating dimension and material refractive index. The results indicate a large tolerance for the deviations in practical fabrication. The measured coupling loss of the uniform grating is -2.7 dB at approximately 1465 nm with a 3 dB bandwidth of more than 40 nm. The proposed grating coupler provides a promising approach to realize efficient chip-fiber coupling for the SiGe photonic integration.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 61(46): 18355-18364, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346994

RESUMO

Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have been explored as adsorption materials owing to their diversity, controllable structure, high specific surface area, and abundant active sites. However, the shaping of MOFs has become a critical issue hindering their commercial application. A binder or high pressure is commonly used in traditional powder shaping, causing pores to be blocked or collapsed and porosity to be decreased, eventually leading to the degradation of adsorption performance. In this paper, Zr-MOFs were in situ grown on a columnar activated carbon (CAC) matrix, and a series of Zr-MOFs/CAC composites were prepared. The adsorption properties for SO2 and NO2 were measured by dynamic adsorption tests, and the Wheel-Jonas model was used to calculate the saturated adsorption capacity. Abundant mesopores can be formed between MOF crystals and activated carbon particles, and the mesoporosity of Zr-MOFs/CAC composites reached over 50%. Owing to the abundant mesoporous, increased activated sites as well as the synergistic effect between MOFs and activated carbon, the as-obtained HP-Zr-MOFs/CAC exhibited the best adsorption performance both for SO2 and NO2, which are 34.2 and 17.4 mg g-1, respectively, while the adsorption capacities of CAC for SO2 and NO2 are 20.9 and 6.6 mg g-1, respectively. The outstanding performance and facile synthesis process of HP-Zr-MOFs/CAC composites could provide ideas to develop other hierarchical porous MOFs/activated carbon composites.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...