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1.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(14)2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889545

RESUMO

The reference intensity ratio (RIR) method, using X-ray diffraction (XRD), is considered one most of the rapid and convenient approaches for phase quantification in multi-phase mixture, in which nanocrystals are commonly contained in a mixture and cause a broadening of the diffraction peak, while another broadening factor, instrumental broadening, does not attract enough attention in related quantitative analysis. Despite the specimen consisting of 50 wt.% TiO2 nanomaterials (nano-TiO2) and 50 wt.% microscale ZnO powder, the nano-TiO2 quantitative result changes from 56.53% to 43.33% that occur as a variation of instrumental broadening are caused by divergence slit adjustment. This deviation could be accounted through a mathematical model that involves instrumental broadening. The research in this paper might provide a useful guide for developing an approach to measure accuracy quantification in unknown multi-phase mixtures.

2.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 232, 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervicothoracic penetrating injury, considered to be relatively rare, has a complicated mechanism that is difficult to treat. In this report, a special case of cervicothoracic injury caused by foreign body penetration was elucidated. In this case, the injury location and the involved foreign body were exceptionally particular, which induced a challenging process of diagnosis and treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A male patient suffered from a serious injury caused by a thick branch that pierced through his neck in a traffic accident between an electric car and a tricycle carrying wood. There were also local injuries in the left scapular region. After an emergency multidisciplinary consultation, the patient was diagnosed and subsequently treated with vascular exploration and repair (common carotid artery), intrathoracic foreign body extraction, chest exploration, debridement, and suture. After surgery, he was transferred to the emergency intensive care unit for anticoagulation and anti-infection treatment. Finally, after the improvement of his physical condition, the patient was transferred to the general ward for further treatment and was successfully discharged from the hospital. Once discharged, the patient lived a normal life, free from sequelae or complications. CONCLUSION: It may be an extremely daunting task to cure cervicothoracic penetrating injury due to its rare occurrence in clinical practice. Different from the previous cervicothoracic traumas, the injury location in this case is exceedingly particular. In general, the common cervicothoracic trauma is associated with damage to the trachea, esophagus, throat, and other structures, easily resulting in dyspnea, which, however, does not occur in this case. The insertion position of foreign body is exceptionally particular as it does not pierce the common carotid artery but poses compression on it, which induces ischemia. It is essential for the successful treatment that the treatment plan is formulated via the detailed imaging examination and careful multidisciplinary consultation.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos , Ferimentos Penetrantes , Acidentes de Trânsito , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
3.
Front Chem ; 8: 241, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300584

RESUMO

Hard carbon derived from fossil products is widely used as anode material for lithium-ion batteries. However, there are still several main shortcomings such as high cost, and poor rate performance, which restrict its wide application. Then tremendous efforts have been devoted to developing biomaterials in the battery applications. Recently, especially agricultural and industrial by-products have attracted much attention due to the electric double-layer capacitors. Herein, we report the sulfur-doped hard carbon (SHC) materials from the tannin-furanic resins (TF-Resin) of the derived agricultural by-products, followed by enveloping rGO on its surface through the hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide. SHC provides sites for the storage of lithium, while the rGO layers can offer a highly conductive matrix to achieve good contact between particles and promote the diffusion and transport of ions and electrons. As a result, the SHC@rGO shows excellent lithium storage performance with initial discharge capacity around 746 mAh g-1 at a current density of 50 mA g-1, and shows superb stability keeping capacity retention of 91.9% after 200 cycles. Moreover, even at a high current density of 2,000 mAg-1, SHC@rGO still delivers a specific capacity of 188 mAg-1. These desired promising properties are active to the implement in the possible practical application.

4.
ISA Trans ; 102: 347-364, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173040

RESUMO

An accurate, rapid signal analysis is crucial in the acoustic-based detection for internal defects in arc magnets. Benefiting from the adaptive decomposition without the mode mixing, variational mode decomposition (VMD), has emerged as a promising technology for processing and analyzing acoustic signals. However, improper parameter settings are the root cause of inaccurate VMD results, while existing optimization methods for VMD parameters are only applicable to a single signal with exclusive signal characteristics, rather than different signals with similar features. Therefore, we developed a new acoustic signal analysis method combining VMD, beetle antennae search (BAS), and naive Bayes classification (NBC), and then applied it for detecting internal defects of arc magnets. In this method, multiple optimizations for different signals are simplified to a one-time optimization for the whole signal group by a specially designed parameter-related fitness function. Since the coordinates of the function maximum value in a parameter space correspond to the unified parameter setting generating the overall optimal processing effect for all signals, BAS is introduced to achieve a rapid search of coordinates. With the obtained unified parameter setting, each acoustic signal of arc magnets can be consistently processed by VMD. Next, two modes stemmed from VMD are screened out by an energy threshold, and their specific frequency information is extracted as features representing the internal defects. NBC is carried out to learn and identify the extracted features. The experimental validation of the proposed method was conducted by detecting various arc magnets. Experimental results indicate that the identification accuracy reaches 100% and the detection speed per a single arc magnet approximately ranges between 1.7 and 4.5 s. This work provides not only a new strategy for the parameter optimization of VMD, but also a practical solution for the internal defect detection of arc magnets.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(16): 3171-3191, 2020 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998926

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive hydrogel strain sensors that synergize the advantages of both soft-wet hydrogels and smart functional materials have attracted rapidly increasing interest for exploring the opportunities from material design principles to emerging applications in electronic skins, health monitors, and human-machine interfaces. Stimuli-responsive hydrogel strain sensors possess smart and on-demand ability to specifically recognize various external stimuli and convert them into strain-induced mechanical, thermal, optical, and electrical signals. This review presents an up-to-date summary over the past five years on hydrogel strain sensors from different aspects, including material designs, gelation/fabrication methods, stimuli-responsive principles, and sensing performance. Hydrogel strain sensors are classified into five major categories based on the nature of the stimuli, and representative examples from each category are carefully selected and discussed in terms of structures, response mechanisms, and potential medical applications. Finally, current challenges and future perspectives of hydrogel strain sensors are tentatively proposed to stimulate more and better research in this emerging field.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Hidrogéis/química , Desenho de Equipamento , Hidrogéis/síntese química , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
6.
Oncol Lett ; 7(5): 1639-1644, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24765192

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the feasibility of detecting p33 inhibitor of growth 1b (p33ING1b) gene methylation in fecal DNA as a screening method for colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and precancerous lesions. The methylation of p33ING1b was analyzed in fecal samples from 61 patients with CRCs, 27 patients with precancerous lesions (advanced adenoma) and 20 normal individuals by nested methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (nMSP) and fecal occult blood test. Methylated p33ING1b was detected in 73.77% of CRC patients and 62.96% of adenoma patients. By contrast, only 5% of normal individuals had methylated p33ING1b. These results indicated 73.77% sensitivity for detecting CRC, 62.96% sensitivity for detecting precancerous lesions and 95% specificity of the assay for detecting CRCs and precancerous lesions. The detection of p33ING1b methylation status by incubation of DNA contained in agarose beads for bisulfite modification, followed by nMSP, is a promising non-invasive screening method for CRCs and precancerous lesions.

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