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1.
Planta Med ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975362

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide. Nevertheless, no first-line therapy exists. Hepatic steatosis is the earliest stage of NAFLD, which is characterized by an accumulation of hepatic lipids. Patchouli oil (PO), which is isolated from the well-known Chinese herb named Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Lamiaceae), inhibits hepatic lipid accumulation effectively. However, its potential ability for the treatment of NAFLD had not been reported before. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of PO against hepatic steatosis and its underlying mechanisms. We used a high fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis model of rats to estimate the effect of PO against NAFLD. Hematoxylin-eosin and oil red O staining were used to analyze the hepatic histopathological changes. ELISA, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting analysis were applied to evaluate the parameters for hepatic steatosis. Our results showed that PO significantly attenuated the lipid profiles and the serum enzymes, evidenced by quantitative and histopathological analyses. It also markedly down-regulated the expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREPB-1c) with its downstream factors in de novo lipogenesis. And, likewise, in lipid export by very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), related molecules were dramatically improved. Furthermore, PO observably normalized the aberrant peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) signal in fatty acids oxidation. In conclusion, PO exerted a preventing effect against HFD-induced steatosis and might be due to decrease de novo lipogenesis, promote export of lipids, as well as owing to improve fatty acids oxidation.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 250: 112519, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883475

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pogostemon cablin, commonly named "Guang-Huo-Xiang" in China, has long been renowned for its ability to dispel dampness and regulate gastrointestinal functions. Patchouli oil (P.oil), the major active fraction of Pogostemon cablin, has been traditionally used as the principal component of Chinese medicinal formulae to treat exterior syndrome and diarrhea. However, the effects of P.oil in treating 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced intestinal mucositis have not yet been reported. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the protective effects of P.oil against 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis and the mechanisms underlying these effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with 5-FU (30 mg/kg) to establish an intestinal mucositis model. Meanwhile, rats with intestinal mucositis were orally administered with P.oil (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg). Histological analysis, ELISA (for detecting inflammatory cytokines and aquaporins), immunohistochemistry analysis (for examining caspases), qRT-PCR analysis (for assessment tight junctions), and western blotting analysis (for the assessment of TLR2/TLR4-MyD88 and VIP-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway-related proteins) were performed to estimate the protective effects of P.oil against intestinal mucositis and the mechanisms underlying these effects. RESULTS: The histopathological assessment preliminarily exhibited that P.oil alleviated the 5-FU-induced damage to the intestinal structure. After P.oil administration, the elevation of the expression of cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-13) decreased markedly and the activation of NF-κB and MAPK signaling was significantly inhibited. P.oil also increased the mRNA expression of ZO-1 and Occludin, thereby stabilizing intestinal barrier. In addition, P.oil decreased the expressions of caspase-8, caspase-3, and Bax, and increased the expression of Bcl-2, thereby reducing the apoptosis of the intestinal mucosa. These results were closely related to the regulation of the TLR2/TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway. It has been indicated that P.oil possibly protected the intestinal barrier by reducing inflammation and apoptosis. Furthermore, this study showed that P.oil inhibited the abnormal expression of AQP3, AQP7, and AQP11 by regulating the VIP-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway. Furthermore, it restored the intestinal water absorption, thereby alleviating diarrhea. CONCLUSIONS: P.oil ameliorated 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis in rats via protecting intestinal barrier and regulating water transport.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1134, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632274

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic hepatic disorder worldwide. The earliest stage of NAFLD is simple steatosis, which is characterized by the accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes. Inhibition of steatosis is a potential treatment for NAFLD. Patchouli alcohol (PA) is an active component of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Labiatae), which is a medicinal food in Asia countries and proved to possess hepatoprotective effect. This research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of PA against high fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis in rats. In this study, male Sprague Dawley rats were fed a HFD for 4 weeks to induce NAFLD. Oral administration with PA significantly reduced pathological severity of steatosis in HFD-fed rats. It was associated with suppressing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and regulating very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism. Our data showed that PA treatment effectively attenuated ER stress by inhibiting the activation of protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK), inositol-requiring transmembrane kinase/endoribonuclease 1 (IRE1), and activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6). Moreover, PA decreased hepatic VLDL uptake by suppressing very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) expression. It also restored VLDL synthesis and export by increasing apolipoprotein B100 (apoB 100) secretion and microsomal triglyceride-transfer protein (MTP) activity. Taken together, PA exerted a protective effect on the treatment of NAFLD in HFD-fed rats and may be potential therapeutic agent acting on hepatic steatosis.

4.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(1): 1441-1448, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148971

RESUMO

Background: In recent times, biosyntheses of metal nanoparticles were used for several life rescue applications. In this study, Dillenia indica leaf aqueous extract was utilized for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles. Objective: To test anti-microbial properties of biologically fabricated gold nanoparticles. Methods: Gold nanoparticles were efficiently prepared by making use of aqueous leaf extract of Dillenia indica. The excitation of formed AuNPs was confirmed using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. In particular, absorption spectra of AuNPs exhibited a well-defined SPR band centered at around 530 nm. Results: The high-resolution Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) results of the obtained AuNPs confirmed the formation of particles with a size range of 5-50 nm. The ultra-high resolution TEM (UHRTEM) images displayed clear lattice fringes on the particle surfaces. Single crystalline nature of the biosynthesized AuNPs was represented by means of selected-area electron diffraction pattern. Conclusion: The antibacterial activity of AuNPs revealed significant activity towards both gram negative and gram positive bacteria signifying their potential disinfection related applications in medicine and biology.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Desinfecção , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Ouro/farmacologia , Química Verde , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/química
5.
Food Funct ; 9(11): 5891-5902, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30375606

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is commonly used to relieve pain and fever in a clinical setting, but its excessive use can lead to serious hepatotoxicity. Our previous study demonstrated that polydatin (PD) can effectively attenuate d-galactose- and alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity, however, its effect on APAP-induced hepatotoxicity is still unknown. In this study, we explore the protective effect and potential mechanism of PD against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. The results indicate that PD effectively improves the survival of mice with APAP-induced hepatotoxicity, significantly alleviating histopathologic alterations in the liver, and decreasing the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). PD significantly and dose-dependently reduces oxidative stress by lowering the content of oxidized glutathione (GSSG), reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and malonaldehyde (MDA), while enhancing the hepatic activities of glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and the GSH/GSSG ratio. Meanwhile, PD also substantially inhibits the levels and mRNA expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2). Additionally, PD markedly arrests apoptosis by assuaging TUNEL-positive hepatocytes and the apoptotic index, decreasing the levels and expression of cytochrome c (CytC), cleaved-caspase-9, apoptotic protease activating factor 1 (Apaf-1), cleaved-caspase-3, and Bax and increasing the level and expression of Bcl-2. Overall, PD pretreatment shows a potent protective effect against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity by relieving oxidative stress and inhibiting apoptosis.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fator Apoptótico 1 Ativador de Proteases/genética , Fator Apoptótico 1 Ativador de Proteases/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/genética , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Glutationa/sangue , Dissulfeto de Glutationa/sangue , Dissulfeto de Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , NADPH Oxidase 2/genética , NADPH Oxidase 2/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
6.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2018: 6962439, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30116489

RESUMO

The effect of polysaccharides isolated from Dendrobium officinale (DOP) on acetaminophen- (APAP-) induced hepatotoxicity and the underlying mechanisms involved are investigated. Male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were randomly assigned to six groups: (1) control, (2) vehicle (APAP, 230 mg/kg), (3) N-acetylcysteine (100 mg/kg), (4) 50 mg/kg DOP, (5) 100 mg/kg DOP, and (6) 200 mg/kg DOP. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels in the serum and glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in the liver were determined after the death of the mice. The histological examination of the liver was also performed. The effect of DOP on the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1- (Keap1-) nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway was evaluated using Western blot analysis and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The results showed that DOP treatment significantly alleviated the hepatic injury. The decrease in ALT and AST levels in the serum and ROS, MDA, and MPO contents in the liver, as well as the increases in GSH, CAT, and T-AOC in the liver, were observed after DOP treatment. DOP treatment significantly induced the dissociation of Nrf2 from the Nrf2-Keap1 complex and promoted the Nrf2 nuclear translocation. Subsequently, DOP-mediated Nrf2 activation triggered the transcription and expressions of the glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic (GCLC) subunit, glutamate-cysteine ligase regulatory subunit (GCLM), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase quinone 1 (NQO1) in APAP-treated mice. The present study revealed that DOP treatment exerted potentially hepatoprotective effects against APAP-induced liver injury. Further investigation about mechanisms indicated that DOP exerted the hepatoprotective effect by suppressing the oxidative stress and activating the Nrf2-Keap1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Masculino , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Phytomedicine ; 39: 111-118, 2018 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29433672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are most widely used as effective anti-inflammatory agents. However, their clinical application brings about inevasible gastrointestinal side effects. Pogostemon cablin is a traditional herbal medicine used for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases in China. One of its representative components, the tricyclic triterpenoid ß-patchoulone (ß-PAE) has demonstrated great anti-inflammatory activity and gastroprotective effect against ethanol-induced gastric injury, but its protective effect against gastric ulcer induced by indomethacin is still unknown. PURPOSE: To assess the protective effect of ß-PAE against ulcer produced by indomethacin and reveal the underlying pharmacological mechanism. STUDY DESIGN: We used an indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer model of rats in vivo. METHODS: Gastroprotective activity of ß-PAE (10, 20, 40 mg/kg, i.g.) was estimated via indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer model in rats. Histopathological and histochemical assessment of ulcerated tissues were performed. Protein and mRNA expression were determined by Elisa, Western blotting and qRT-PCR. RESULTS: ß-PAE could inhibit ulcer formation. Histopathological and histochemical assessment macroscopically demonstrated that ß-PAE alleviates indomethacin-induced gastric ulceration in dose-dependent manner. After administration of ß-PAE, elevated tumor necrosis factor -α level was significantly decreased and the phosphorylation of JNK and IκB was markedly inhibited. ß-PAE suppressed the levels of E-selectin, P-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, as well as myeloperoxidase. Meanwhile, ß-PAE increased cyclooxygenase enzyme activities (COX-1 and COX-2) to enhance the production of prostaglandin E2. Proangiogenic protein, vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 mRNA expression were promoted while anti-angiogenic protein, endostatin-1 and its receptor ETAR mRNA expression were decreased. CONCLUSION: ß-PAE may provide gastroprotection in indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats by reducing inflammatory response and improving angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Indometacina/efeitos adversos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Masculino , Pogostemon/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano , Úlcera Gástrica/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 283: 30-37, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29339218

RESUMO

Patchoulene epoxide (PAO), a tricyclic sesquiterpene isolated from the long-stored patchouli oil, has been demonstrated the anti-inflammatory activity in vivo based on our previous study. However, the gastric protective effect of PAO still remains unknown. Therefore, in the present study, ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model was carried out to evaluate the anti-ulcerogenic activity of PAO and to elucidate the potential mechanisms that involves. According to our results, macroscopic examination revealed that PAO could significantly reduce ethanol-induced gastric ulcer areas as compared with the vehicle group, which was also supported by the histological evaluation result. As for its potential mechanism, the anti-inflammatory activity of PAO contributed to gastric protection through reversing the imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and modulating the expressions of NF-κB pathway-related proteins including p-IκBα, IκBα, p-p65 and p65. Besides, PAO was able to enhance the expressions of antioxidant enzymes including glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and down-regulate malonaldehyde (MDA), an indicator of lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry analysis exhibited potent anti-apoptosis effect of PAO, as evidence by down-regulating the protein expression of caspase-3, Fas and Fasl. Additionally, we also demonstrated that PAO could replenish PGE2 and NO mucosal defense. In conclusion, these findings suggested that PAO has gastric protective activity against ethanol and this might be related to its influence on inflammatory response, oxidative stress, apoptosis cascade and gastric mucosal defense.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/prevenção & controle , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Citocinas/análise , Citocinas/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/toxicidade , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Óleos Vegetais/química , Pogostemon/química , Pogostemon/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Estômago/patologia , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Úlcera Gástrica/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
9.
Mol Med Rep ; 17(1): 789-800, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29115625

RESUMO

Silymarin has been used in the treatment of a number of liver diseases for a long time, but its efficacy in preventing triptolide induced acute hepatotoxicity has not been reported previously. The present study aimed to assess the protective effect of silymarin against triptolide (TP)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Rats were orally administrated with silymarin (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) for 7 days and received intraperitoneal TP (2 mg/kg) on the day 8. Hepatic injuries were comprehensively evaluated in terms of serum parameters, morphological changes, oxidative damage, inflammation and apoptosis. The results demonstrated that TP-induced increases in serum parameters, including alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total cholesterol and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, which were determined using a biochemical analyzer, and histopathological alterations and hepatocyte apoptosis as determined by hematoxylin and eosin and TUNEL staining, respectively, were prevented by silymarin pretreatment in a dose-dependent manner. TP-induced depletions in the activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase and catalase, and glutathione levels, were also significantly reversed by silymarin, as determined using specific kits. Additionally, silymarin dose-dependently exhibited inhibitory effects on malonaldehyde content in the liver. The production of proinflammatory cytokines was investigated using ELISA kits, and the results demonstrated that silymarin dose-dependently inhibited the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and IL-1ß in the liver. To determine the mechanism of silymarin, western blot analysis was performed to investigate the protein expression of phosphorylated (p)-p38 and p-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) of the TNF-α induced inflammatory response and apoptotic pathways. Silymarin significantly blocked p38 and JNK phosphorylation and activation. Additionally, the expression of the proapoptotic proteins cytochrome c, cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2-associated X was also reduced following treatment with silymarin, as determined by ELISA, western blotting and immunohistochemistry, respectively. In conclusion, silymarin was demonstrated to dose-dependently protect rat liver from TP-induced acute hepatotoxicity, with the high dose (200 mg/kg) achieving a superior effect. This protective effect may be associated with the improvement of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory status, as well as the prevention of hepatocyte apoptosis. Therefore, silymarin may have the potential to be applied clinically to prevent TP-induced acute hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Diterpenos/toxicidade , Fenantrenos/toxicidade , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Silimarina/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Diterpenos/química , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Compostos de Epóxi/toxicidade , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenantrenos/química , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Silimarina/química
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643529

RESUMO

Acrostichum aureum Linn., a medicinal pteridophyte growing in mangrove forests and coastal regions of tropical and subtropical areas worldwide, has been proved to possess various biological effects. However, the protective effect of Acrostichum aureum Linn. against gastric ulcer still remains unidentified. Therefore, the gastroprotective effect of the water extract of Acrostichum aureum Linn. (WEAC) was investigated in ethanol-induced gastric injury model. According to our results, pretreatment with WEAC (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg) could dramatically decrease the ulcer areas and ameliorate the pathological damage induced by alcohol in rat's gastric tissues. In addition, WEAC administration prevented the stomach from oxidative damage via markedly increasing the levels of glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and decreasing the malondialdehyde (MDA). Besides, WEAC pretreatment alleviated inflammatory infiltration by reducing the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as decreasing the protein expressions of phosphorylation of IκBα and p65. Taken together, WEAC exerted potential therapeutic efficacy for gastric ulceration, and this may be involved in the suppression of oxidative stress and inflammatory response.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29250126

RESUMO

Excessive alcohol consumption leads to serious liver injury, associating with oxidative stress and inflammatory response. Previous study has demonstrated that polydatin (PD) exerted antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and attenuated ethanol-induced liver damage, but the research remained insufficient. Hence, this experiment aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect and potential mechanisms of PD on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity. Our results showed that PD pretreatment dramatically decreased the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum, suppressed the malonaldehyde (MDA) and triglyceride (TG) content and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and enhanced the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), andalcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), paralleled by an improvement of histopathology alterations. The protective effect of PD against oxidative stress was probably associated with downregulation of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and upregulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and its target gene haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Moreover, PD inhibited the release of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) via downregulating toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65. To conclude, PD pretreatment protects against ethanol-induced liver injury via suppressing oxidative stress and inflammation.

12.
Metab Brain Dis ; 32(4): 1123-1131, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28397151

RESUMO

Menkes disease (MD) is a fatal X-linked multisystem disease caused by mutations in ATP7A. In this study, clinical and genetic analysis was performed in 24 male MD patients. Development delay, seizures, kinky coarse hair, and dystonia were found in 24, 22, 24, and 24 patients, respectively. Serum ceruloplasmin/copper tested in 19 patients was low. Abnormal classic features of MD presented in the MRI/MRA of 19 patients. Seventeen mutations of ATP7A were identified in 22 patients. Twelve were novel mutations including three small deletion/insertion, one missense mutation, two nonsense mutations, three splicing-site mutations, and three gross deletions. Twenty-two patients were genetically diagnosed; neither point mutation nor deletion/duplication was found in two of them. c.2179G > A found in five patients might be a hot-spot mutation. Prenatal molecular diagnosis was performed for five unrelated fetuses (1 female and 4 male), which found four fetuses to be wild type and one male carried the same mutation as the proband. This study of the largest sample of Chinese MD patients examined to date discovered the unique phenotype and genotype spectrum in Chinese patients with 12 novel mutations of ATP7A, and that c.2179G > A might be a hot-spot mutation in MD patients. Five successful prenatal diagnosis contributed important information for MD families.


Assuntos
ATPases Transportadoras de Cobre/genética , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/diagnóstico , Mutação , China , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/genética , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 198: 389-398, 2017 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28119098

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Brucea javanica is an important traditional medicinal herb used for the treatment of dysentery, malaria, inflammation and cancer in southeast Asia for many years. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Brucea javanica in the treatment of dysentery (also known as ulcerative colitis, UC) has not been fully illuminated. Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE) is the major active and most common application form of Brucea javanica oil (BJO), which has a variety of pharmacological activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory effect of BJOE and possible mechanism of action on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced UC in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The components of BJOE were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Balb/C mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS, 30mg/mL) induced colitis were treated with BJOE (0.5, 1 and 2g/kg) and two positive drugs (sulfasalazine, SASP, 200mg/kg; and azathioprine, AZA, 13mg/kg) once daily by gavage for 7 days. Mice in normal control group and DSS group were orally given the same volume of distilled water and soybean lecithin suspension (0.15g/kg) respectively. The effects of BJOE on DSS-induced UC were assessed by determination of body weight loss, disease activity index (DAI), colon length, histological analysis, as well as levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The mRNA expression of MPO, iNOS and COX-2 in colon tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. In addition, NF-κB p65, p-p65 and IκB-α, p-IκBα protein expression levels in colon tissues were investigated using Western blotting. RESULTS: The major components of BJOE were found to be oleic acid (62.68%) and linoleic acid (19.53%) as detected by GC-MS. Our results indicated that BJOE, SASP and AZA showed beneficial effect on DSS-induced colitis in mice, and significantly reduced the body weight loss and DAI, restored the colon length, repaired colonic pathological variations, decreased histological scores, and decreased the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17 and IFN-γ) as compared with the DSS group. In addition, the mRNA expression of MPO, iNOS and COX-2 induced by DSS treatment was remarkably inhibited by BJOE, SASP or AZA treatments. Furthermore, when compared with DSS-treated mice, the activation of NF-κB was significantly inhibited by AZA and BJOE treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that BJOE possessed appreciable anti-inflammatory effect against murine experimental UC induced by DSS. The protective mechanism of BJOE may involve inhibition of NF-κB signal transduction pathways and subsequent down-regulation of inflammatory mediators. These findings suggest that BJOE might be an efficacious and promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of UC. Our investigation might also provide experimental evidence for the traditional application of Brucea javanica in the treatment of dysentery and might add new dimension to the clinical indications for BJOE.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Brucea/química , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Azatioprina/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Emulsões , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfassalazina/farmacologia
14.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 16(6): 624-8, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24927440

RESUMO

Menkes disease is a rare X-linked recessive disorder characterized by multi-systemic disorder of copper deficiency caused by ATP7A gene mutation. In this study, the clinical and laboratory features of three patients with Menkes disease were analyzed. Prenatal diagnosis had been performed for a fetus of a family. Three patients were admitted at the age of 8-9 months due to severe epilepsies and marked delayed psychomotor development. Significantly light complexion, pudgy cheeks and sparse fuzzy wooly hair were observed. On their cranial MR imaging, cortical atrophy, leukoencephalopathy, basal ganglia damage and tormesity of the intracranial vessels were found. Their plasma ceruloplasmin decreased to 70.2, 73.5 and 81 mg/L, significantly lower than normal range (210-530 mg/L). c.3914A>G (p. D1305G) was detected on ATP7A gene of case 1 and 2. A novel mutation, c.3265G>T (p.G1089X) was found in case 3. Both of them were firstly found in Chinese patients of Menkes disease. The mother of case 1 was tested at 20 weeks of pregnancy. Karyotype and ATP7A gene studies of the amniocytes were performed for the prenatal diagnosis of her fetus. Normal male karyotypes without c.3914A>G mutation on ATP7A gene was showed. Postnatal genetic analysis and normal development confirmed the prenatal diagnosis.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/genética , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , ATPases Transportadoras de Cobre , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/diagnóstico , Mutação
15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(2): 211-6, 2013 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23591339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate epidemiological characteristics of prevalence, impact factors and etiology on developmental delay of 18-month-old children from four districts/counties in Beijing. METHODS: An epidemiological study on developmental delay was designed to investigate all the 18-month-old children enrolled from Shunyi,Daxing,Miyun and Yanqing districts/counties in Beijing from May to September, 2011. Combining the tertiary network of child health with hospital clinical study was used. Child developmental questionnaires were completed by doctors in communities of the first network of child health. Gesell Developmental Schedules for children with Denver developmental screening test (DDST) screening positive results were assessed by doctors in districts/counties hospitals of the second network of child health. The children diagnosed as developmental delay were transferred to the tertiary hospitals of the third network of child health for further etiological diagnosis, follow-up and developmental evaluation. The case-control study compared between children with/without developmental delay were performed in accordance with the 1:4 ratios by gender and residence community matched. SPSS 16.0 was adopted for data analysis of the case-control study. RESULTS: A total of 3 182 children were screened among the 4 037 children fitting the criteria,and the coverage rate was 78.8% (3 182/4 037). Of the 3 182 screened children, 22 children were diagnosed as developmental delay. The prevalence rate was 6.91 ‰ (22/3 182). Out of the 22 children with developmental delay, 15 were boys and 7 were girls. The sex ratio was 2.1:1. The prevalence rates of the children with developmental delay in Shunyi, Daxing, Miyun and Yanqing were 3.45 ‰ (4/1 160), 4.50 ‰(5/1 111), 15.87 ‰(7/441) and 12.77 ‰ (6/479), respectively. The results from one-way ANOVA analysis showed the main risk factors in children with developmental delay included low-income families, mothers' low educational level, small size for gestational age infant, multiple fetuses, serious diseases after birth, congenital malformations and physical retardation (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The screening coverage rate of this study is 78.8%. The prevalence rate of children with developmental delay is 6.91 ‰, which is significantly different in sex ratio and districts of the subjects. The etiology of developmental delay might be associated with social-economic and biological factors.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Child Neurol ; 28(3): 384-8, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22550088

RESUMO

Central core disease is a rare inherited neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in ryanodine receptor type 1 gene. The clinical phenotype of the disease is highly variable. We report a Chinese pedigree with central core disease confirmed by the gene sequencing. All 3 patients in the family presented with mild proximal limb weakness. The serum level of creatine kinase was normal, and electromyography suggested myogenic changes. The histologic analysis of muscle biopsy showed identical central core lesions in almost all of the muscle fibers in the index case. Exon 90-106 in the C-terminal domain of the ryanodine receptor type 1 gene was amplified using polymerase chain reaction. One heterozygous missense mutation G14678A (Arg4893Gln) in exon 102 was identified in all 3 patients. This is the first report of a familial case of central core disease confirmed by molecular study in mainland China.


Assuntos
Debilidade Muscular/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Miopatia da Parte Central/diagnóstico , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Miopatia da Parte Central/genética , Miopatia da Parte Central/patologia , Linhagem
17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 50(1): 50-5, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22456076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Leukoencephalopathy with brain stem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation (LBSL) is a rare autosomal recessive disease. Affected individuals are invariably compound heterozygous for two mutations in DARS2. No reports of LBSL patients have been published in the mainland of China. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical and genetic features of a family with LBSL, which may contribute to definite diagnosis, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of this rare disease in China. METHODS: Clinical data of the proband and other family members as well as DNA samples were collected. Clinical features including symptoms, signs and cranial MRI were analyzed. All 17 exons and exon-intron boundaries of DARS2 gene were amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and directly sequenced for genomic DNA. The mutation was proved by DNA restriction enzyme digestion of PCR-amplified fragments. RESULTS: (1) The clinical features of patient with LBSL included slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia and spasticity, the neurologic dysfunction involving the legs more than the arms, and with characteristic abnormalities observed on brain and spinal cord MRI. (2) Two mutations were identified, one was a novel missense mutation [c.665 G > A(p.Gly222Asp)] in DARS2 gene exon 8, the other (c.228-16 C > G) was in DARS2 gene intron 3. CONCLUSION: This is the first report on LBSL patient and DARS2 mutation in China. p.Gly222Asp mutation is a novel mutation not reported around the world yet.


Assuntos
Aspartato-tRNA Ligase/genética , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Leucoencefalopatias/genética , Leucoencefalopatias/metabolismo , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Tronco Encefálico/patologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons , Humanos , Leucoencefalopatias/patologia , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Medula Espinal/patologia
18.
Hum Genet ; 131(7): 1217-24, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22367439

RESUMO

While pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) in 15q11.2 were recently identified in Caucasian patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs), the epilepsy-associated gene(s) in this region is/are still unknown. Our study investigated whether the CNVs in 15q11.2 are associated with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) in Chinese patients and whether the selective magnesium transporter NIPA2 gene affected by 15q11.2 microdeletions is a susceptive gene for CAE. We assessed IGE-related CNVs by Affymetrix SNP 5.0 microarrays in 198 patients with CAE and 198 controls from northern China, and verified the identified CNVs by high-density oligonucleotide-based CGH microarrays. The coding region and exon-intron boundaries of NIPA2 were sequenced in all 380 patients with CAE and 400 controls. 15q11.2 microdeletions were detected in 3 of 198 (1.5%) patients and in no controls. Furthermore, we identified point mutations or indel in a heterozygous state of the NIPA2 gene in 3 out of 380 patients, whereas they were absent in 700 controls (P = 0.043). These mutations included two novel missense mutations (c.532A>T, p.I178F; c.731A>G, p.N244S) and one small novel insertion (c.1002_1003insGAT, p.N334_335EinsD). No NIPA2 mutation was found in 400 normal controls. We first identified that NIPA2, encoding a selective magnesium transporter, is a susceptible gene of CAE, and 15q11.2 microdeletions are important pathogenic CNVs for CAE with higher frequency in Chinese populations than that previously reported in Caucasians. The haploinsufficiency of NIPA2 may be a mechanism underlying the neurological phenotypes of 15q11.2 microdeletions.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Epilepsia Tipo Ausência/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Criança , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 15/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Haploinsuficiência , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual , Masculino , Mutação , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 12(3): 227-30, 2009 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20716426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How to treat non-surgical lung cancer effectively is always a great subject in the research and therapy of lung cancer. The aim of this study is to study chemotherapy of lung cancer through isolated lung perfusion (ILP), and to observe the protective efficacy. METHODS: After high dose of chemotherapy through circular perfusion, plant a duct into the inflicted pulmonary artery and lead the duct to a subcutaneous drug pump implanted. Study group of 51 cases was dripped through the pump with ADM, meanwhile dripped drag of GP schedule. Chemo group of 50 cases was applied intravenous GP schedule. RESULTS: Disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) is 78.4% in study group and 56.0% in control group (P =0.016); Survival rate of one year is 81.2% and 23.3% (P <0.001), survival rate of three year is 27.5% and 8.0% (P =0.012), and survival rate of five year is 6.0% and 0 (P =0.240) respectively; Toxin side-effect: ILP had a lesser degree of toxin side-effect, and the side-effect sustained shorter and the recovery was faster; Quality of existence: quality of life in study group was improved obviously. CONCLUSIONS: ILP is a safe and feasible novelty of treating late lung cancer. The advantage is its high concentration, precise local administration and lesser side-effect; subcutaneous drug pump facilitates the intermittent local administration of drag and could clearly improve the survival rate and life quality.

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