Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 67
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(28): 14349-14357, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239335

RESUMO

Endocytosis is essential to all eukaryotes, but how cargoes are selected for internalization remains poorly characterized. Extracellular cargoes are thought to be selected by transmembrane receptors that bind intracellular adaptors proteins to initiate endocytosis. Here, we report a mechanism for clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) of extracellular lanthanum [La(III)] cargoes, which requires extracellular arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) that are anchored on the outer face of the plasma membrane. AGPs were colocalized with La(III) on the cell surface and in La(III)-induced endocytic vesicles in Arabidopsis leaf cells. Superresolution imaging showed that La(III) triggered AGP movement across the plasma membrane. AGPs were then colocalized and physically associated with the µ subunit of the intracellular adaptor protein 2 (AP2) complexes. The AGP-AP2 interaction was independent of CME, whereas AGP's internalization required CME and AP2. Moreover, we show that AGP-dependent endocytosis in the presence of La(III) also occurred in human cells. These findings indicate that extracellular AGPs act as conserved CME cargo receptors, thus challenging the current paradigm about endocytosis of extracellular cargoes.

2.
New Phytol ; 223(2): 798-813, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924949

RESUMO

In early seedlings, the primary root adapts rapidly to environmental changes through the modulation of endogenous hormone levels. The phytohormone ethylene inhibits primary root elongation, but the underlying molecular mechanism of how ethylene-reduced root growth is modulated in environmental changes remains poorly understood. Here, we show that a novel rice (Oryza sativa) DOF transcription factor OsDOF15 positively regulates primary root elongation by regulating cell proliferation in the root meristem, via restricting ethylene biosynthesis. Loss-of-function of OsDOF15 impaired primary root elongation and cell proliferation in the root meristem, whereas OsDOF15 overexpression enhanced these processes, indicating that OsDOF15 is a key regulator of primary root elongation. This regulation involves the direct interaction of OsDOF15 with the promoter of OsACS1, resulting in the repression of ethylene biosynthesis. The control of ethylene biosynthesis by OsDOF15 in turn regulates cell proliferation in the root meristem. OsDOF15 transcription is repressed by salt stress, and OsDOF15-mediated ethylene biosynthesis plays a role in inhibition of primary root elongation by salt stress. Thus, our data reveal how the ethylene-inhibited primary root elongation is finely controlled by OsDOF15 in response to environmental signal, a novel mechanism of plants responding to salt stress and transmitting the information to ethylene biosynthesis to restrict root elongation.

3.
Plant Physiol ; 180(2): 1132-1151, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926656

RESUMO

Pseudomonas syringae, a major hemibiotrophic bacterial pathogen, causes many devastating plant diseases. However, the transcriptional regulation of plant defense responses to P. syringae remains largely unknown. Here, we found that gain-of-function of BTB AND TAZ DOMAIN PROTEIN 4 (BT4) enhanced the resistance of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) to Pst DC3000 (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000). Disruption of BT4 also weakened the salicylic acid (SA)-induced defense response to Pst DC3000 in bt4 mutants. Further investigation indicated that, under Pst infection, transcription of BT4 is modulated by components of both the SA and ethylene (ET) signaling pathways. Intriguingly, the specific binding elements of ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR (ERF) proteins, including dehydration responsive/C-repeat elements and the GCC box, were found in the putative promoter of BT4 Based on publicly available microarray data and transcriptional confirmation, we determined that ERF11 is inducible by salicylic acid and Pst DC3000 and is modulated by the SA and ET signaling pathways. Consistent with the function of BT4, loss-of-function of ERF11 weakened Arabidopsis resistance to Pst DC3000 and the SA-induced defense response. Biochemical and molecular assays revealed that ERF11 binds specifically to the GCC box of the BT4 promoter to activate its transcription. Genetic studies further revealed that the BT4-regulated Arabidopsis defense response to Pst DC3000 functions directly downstream of ERF11. Our findings indicate that transcriptional activation of BT4 by ERF11 is a key step in SA/ET-regulated plant resistance against Pst DC3000, enhancing our understanding of plant defense responses to hemibiotrophic bacterial pathogens.

4.
Plant Physiol ; 179(4): 1861-1875, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723177

RESUMO

During plant growth and development, ethylene and abscisic acid (ABA) play important roles and exert synergistic or antagonistic effects on various biological processes, but the detailed mechanism underlying the interaction of the two phytohormones, especially in the regulation of the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), is largely unclear. Here, we report that ethylene inhibits but ABA promotes the accumulation of ROS in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) seedlings. Furthermore, changes in the biosynthesis of ascorbic acid (AsA) act as a key factor in integrating the interaction of ethylene and ABA in the regulation of ROS levels. We found that ethylene and ABA antagonistically regulate AsA biosynthesis via ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) and ABA INSENSITIVE4 (ABI4), which are key factors in the ethylene and ABA signaling pathways, respectively. In addition, ABI4 is transcriptionally repressed by EIN3 in ethylene-regulated AsA biosynthesis. Via transcriptome analysis and molecular and genetic experiments, we identified VITAMIN C DEFECTIVE2as the direct target of ABI4 in the regulation of AsA biosynthesis and ROS accumulation. Thus, the EIN3-ABI4- VITAMIN C DEFECTIVE2 transcriptional cascade involves a mechanism by which ethylene and ABA antagonistically regulate AsA biosynthesis and ROS accumulation in response to complex environmental stimuli.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Etilenos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/fisiologia , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/fisiologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/fisiologia
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(1)2019 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621186

RESUMO

High salinity severely restrains plant growth and results in decrease of crop yield in agricultural production. Thus, it is of great significance to discover the crucial regulators involved in plant salt resistance. Here, we report a novel mutant, sd58, which displays enhanced salt tolerance and dwarf phenotype, by screening from ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) mutagenized rice mutant library. Genetic analysis showed that sd58 was caused by a single recessive locus. Map-based cloning and allelic test revealed that the phenotypes of sd58 were due to the mutation of RGA1, encoding the alpha subunit of heterotrimeric G protein (Gα). A point mutation (G to A) was identified at the splicing site (GT-AG) of the first intron in RGA1, which gives rise to the generation of abnormal mRNA splicing forms. Furthermore, 332 differentially abundant proteins (DAPs) were identified by using an Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation(iTRAQ)-based proteomic technique from seedlings of sd58 and Kitaake in response to salt treatment. Gene Ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed these proteins were mainly involved in regulation of the processes such as metabolic pathways, photosynthesis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis. Under salt stress, sd58 displayed lower ROS accumulation than Kitaake, which is consistent with the higher enzyme activities involved in ROS scavenging. Taken together, we propose that RGA1 is one of the regulators in salt response partially through ROS scavenging, which might be helpful in elucidating salt tolerant mechanisms of heterotrimeric G protein in rice.


Assuntos
Subunidades alfa de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteômica , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Alelos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Metanossulfonato de Etila , Subunidades alfa de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Mutagênicos , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Salinidade , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Plântula/genética , Plântula/metabolismo , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(11)2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30463285

RESUMO

Roots are important plant ground organs, which absorb water and nutrients to control plant growth and development. Phytohormones have been known to play a crucial role in the regulation of root growth, such as auxin and ethylene, which are central regulators of this process. Recent findings have revealed that root development and elongation regulated by ethylene are auxin dependent through alterations of auxin biosynthesis, transport and signaling. In this review, we focus on the recent advances in the study of auxin and auxin⁻ethylene crosstalk in plant root development, demonstrating that auxin and ethylene act synergistically to control primary root and root hair growth, but function antagonistically in lateral root formation. Moreover, ethylene modulates auxin biosynthesis, transport and signaling to fine-tune root growth and development. Thus, this review steps up the understanding of the regulation of auxin and ethylene in root growth.

7.
J Exp Bot ; 69(20): 4723-4737, 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295905

RESUMO

Grain length is one of the determinants of yield in rice and auxin plays an important role in regulating it by mediating cell growth. Although several genes in the auxin pathway are involved in regulating grain length, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study we identify a RING-finger and wd40-associated ubiquitin-like (RAWUL) domain-containing protein, Gnp4/LAX2, with a hitherto unknown role in regulation of grain length by its influence on cell expansion. Gnp4/LAX2 is broadly expressed in the plant and subcellular localization analysis shows that it encodes a nuclear protein. Overexpression of Gnp4/LAX2 can significantly increase grain length and thousand-kernel weight. Moreover, Gnp4/LAX2 physically interacts with OsIAA3 and consequently interferes with the OsIAA3-OsARF25 interaction in vitro and in vivo. OsIAA3 RNAi plants consistently exhibit longer grains, while the mutant osarf25 has small grains. In addition, OsARF25 binds to the promoter of OsERF142/SMOS1, a regulator of organ size, and positively regulates its expression. Taken together, the results reveal that Gnp4/LAX2 functions as a regulator of grain length through participation in the OsIAA3-OsARF25-OsERF142 pathway and that it has potential value for molecular breeding in rice.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(11)2018 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30373162

RESUMO

The root plays an important role in the responses of plants to stresses, but the detailed mechanisms of roots in stress responses are still obscure. The GDP-mannose pyrophosphate synthetase (GMPase) OsVTC1-3 is a key factor of ascorbic acid (AsA) synthesis in rice roots. The present study showed that the transcript of OsVTC1-3 was induced by salt stress in roots, but not in leaves. Inhibiting the expression of OsVTC1-3 by RNA interfering (RI) technology significantly impaired the tolerance of rice to salt stress. The roots of OsVTC1-3 RI plants rapidly produced more O2-, and later accumulated amounts of H2O2 under salt stress, indicating the impaired tolerance of OsVTC1-3 RI plants to salt stress due to the decreasing ability of scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, exogenous AsA restored the salt tolerance of OsVTC1-3 RI plants, indicating that the AsA synthesis in rice roots is an important factor for the response of rice to salt stress. Further studies showed that the salt-induced AsA synthesis was limited in the roots of OsVTC1-3 RI plants. The above results showed that specifically regulating AsA synthesis to scavenge ROS in rice roots was one of important factors in enhancing the tolerance of rice to salt stress.

9.
Plant Physiol ; 178(2): 824-837, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30061119

RESUMO

Perception and transduction of salt stress signals are critical for plant survival, growth, and propagation. Thus, identification of components of the salt stress-signaling pathway is important for rice (Oryza sativa) molecular breeding of salt stress resistance. Here, we report the identification of an apetala2/ethylene response factor transcription factor INDETERMINATE SPIKELET1 (IDS1) and its roles in the regulation of rice salt tolerance. By genetic screening and phenotype analysis, we demonstrated that IDS1 conferred transcriptional repression activity and acted as a negative regulator of salt tolerance in rice. To identify potential downstream target genes regulated by IDS1, we conducted chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) sequencing and ChIP-quantitative PCR assays and found that IDS1 may directly associate with the GCC-box-containing motifs in the promoter regions of abiotic stress-responsive genes, including LEA1 (LATE EMBRYOGENESIS ABUNDANT PROTEIN1) and SOS1 (SALT OVERLY SENSITIVE1), which are key genes regulating rice salt tolerance. IDS1 physically interacted with the transcriptional corepressor topless-related 1 and the histone deacetylase HDA1, contributing to the repression of LEA1 and SOS1 expression. Analyses of histone H3 acetylation status and RNA polymerase II occupation on the promoters of LEA1 and SOS1 further defined the molecular foundation of the transcriptional repression activity of IDS1. Our findings illustrate an epigenetic mechanism by which IDS1 modulates salt stress signaling as well as salt tolerance in rice.

10.
New Phytol ; 217(1): 332-343, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28967675

RESUMO

Lesion mimic mutants are valuable to unravel the mechanisms governing the programmed cell death (PCD) process. Uridine 5'-diphosphoglucose-glucose (UDPG) functions as a signaling molecule activating multiple pathways in animals, but little is known about its function in plants. Two novel allelic mutants of spl29 with typical PCD characters and reduced pollen viability were obtained by ethane methyl sulfonate mutagenesis in rice cv Kitaake. The enzymatic analyses showed that UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase 1 (UAP1) irreversibly catalyzed the decomposition of UDPG. Its activity was severely destroyed and caused excessive UDPG accumulation, with the lesion occurrence associated with the enhanced caspase-like activities in spl29-2. At the transcriptional level, several key genes involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress and the unfolded protein response were abnormally expressed. Moreover, exogenous UDPG could aggravate lesion initiation and development in spl29-2. Importantly, exogenous UDPG and its derivative UDP-N-acetylglucosamine could induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and lesion mimics in Kitaake seedlings. These results suggest that the excessive accumulation of UDPG, caused by the mutation of UAP1, was a key biochemical event resulting in the lesion mimics in spl29-2. Thus, our findings revealed that UDPG might be an important component involved in ROS accumulation, PCD execution and lesion mimicking in rice, which also provided new clues for investigating the connection between sugar metabolism and PCD process.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Oryza/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Uridina Difosfato Glucose/metabolismo , Caspases/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Mutação , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Oryza/enzimologia , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Pólen/enzimologia , Pólen/genética , Pólen/fisiologia
11.
PLoS Genet ; 13(8): e1006955, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28829777

RESUMO

Rice is an important monocotyledonous crop worldwide; it differs from the dicotyledonous plant Arabidopsis in many aspects. In Arabidopsis, ethylene and auxin act synergistically to regulate root growth and development. However, their interaction in rice is still unclear. Here, we report that the transcriptional activation of OsEIL1 on the expression of YUC8/REIN7 and indole-3-pyruvic acid (IPA)-dependent auxin biosynthesis is required for ethylene-inhibited root elongation. Using an inhibitor of YUC activity, which regulates auxin biosynthesis via the conversion of IPA to indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), we showed that ethylene-inhibited primary root elongation is dependent on YUC-based auxin biosynthesis. By screening phenotypes of seedling primary root from mutagenesis libraries following ethylene treatment, we identified a rice ethylene-insensitive mutant, rein7-1, in which YUC8/REIN7 is truncated at its C-terminus. Mutation in YUC8/REIN7 reduced auxin biosynthesis in rice, while YUC8/REIN7 overexpression enhanced ethylene sensitivity in the roots. Moreover, YUC8/REIN7 catalyzed the conversion of IPA to IAA, truncated version at C-terminal end of the YUC8/REIN7 resulted in significant reduction of enzymatic activity, indicating that YUC8/REIN7 is required for IPA-dependent auxin biosynthesis and ethylene-inhibited root elongation in rice early seedlings. Further investigations indicated that ethylene induced YUC8/REIN7 expression and promoted auxin accumulation in roots. Addition of low concentrations of IAA rescued the ethylene response in the rein7-1, strongly demonstrating that ethylene-inhibited root elongation depends on IPA-dependent auxin biosynthesis. Genetic studies revealed that YUC8/REIN7-mediated auxin biosynthesis functioned downstream of OsEIL1, which directly activated the expression of YUC8/REIN7. Thus, our findings reveal a model of interaction between ethylene and auxin in rice seedling primary root elongation, enhancing our understanding of ethylene signaling in rice.


Assuntos
Oxigenases de Função Mista/genética , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Plântula/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Etilenos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Indóis/metabolismo , Mutação , Oryza/genética , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Desenvolvimento Vegetal/genética , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/genética , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento
12.
Sci Rep ; 7: 44637, 2017 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28300216

RESUMO

Ethylene biosynthesis and the ethylene signaling pathway regulate plant salt tolerance by activating the expression of downstream target genes such as those related to ROS and Na+/K+ homeostasis. The Salt Overly Sensitive (SOS) pathway regulates Na+/K+ homeostasis in Arabidopsis under salt stress. However, the connection between these two pathways is unclear. Through genetic screening, we identified two sos2 alleles as salt sensitive mutants in the ein3-1 background. Neither Ethylene-Insensitive 2 (EIN2) nor EIN3 changed the expression patterns of SOS genes including SOS1, SOS2, SOS3 and SOS3-like Calcium Binding Protein 8 (SCaBP8), but SOS2 activated the expression of one target gene of EIN3, Ethylene and Salt-inducible ERF 1 (ESE1). Moreover, Ser/Thr protein kinase SOS2 phosphorylated EIN3 in vitro mainly at the S325 site and weakly at the S35, T42 and S606 sites. EIN3 S325A mutation reduced its transcriptional activating activity on ESE1 promoter:GUS in a transient GUS assay, and impaired its ability to rescue ein3-1 salt hypersensitivity. Furthermore, SOS2 activated salt-responsive ESE1 target gene expression under salt stress. Therefore, EIN3-SOS2 might link the ethylene signaling pathway and the SOS pathway in Arabidopsis salt responses.

13.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 57, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28174592

RESUMO

As an ideal model for studying ethylene effects on cell elongation, Arabidopsis hypocotyl growth is widely used due to the unique characteristic that ethylene stimulates hypocotyl elongation in the light but inhibits it in the dark. Although the contrasting effect of ethylene on hypocotyl growth has long been known, the molecular basis of this effect has only gradually been identified in recent years. In the light, ethylene promotes the expression of PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 3 (PIF3) and the degradation of ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5) protein, thus stimulating hypocotyl growth. In the dark, ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR 1 (ERF1) and WAVE-DAMPENED 5 (WDL5) induced by ethylene are responsible for its inhibitory effect on hypocotyl elongation. Moreover, CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) and PHYTOCHROME B (phyB) mediate the light-suppressed ethylene response in different ways. Here, we review several pivotal advances associated with ethylene-regulated hypocotyl elongation, focusing on the integration of ethylene and light signaling during seedling emergence from the soil.

14.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0171118, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28129387

RESUMO

In photosynthesis, the pigments chlorophyll a/b absorb light energy to convert to chemical energy in chloroplasts. Though most enzymes of chlorophyll biosynthesis from glutamyl-tRNA to chlorophyll a/b have been identified, the exact composition and regulation of the multimeric enzyme Mg-protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester cyclase (MPEC) is largely unknown. In this study, we isolated a rice pale-green leaf mutant m167 with yellow-green leaf phenotype across the whole lifespan. Chlorophyll content decreases 43-51% and the granal stacks of chloroplasts becomes thinner in m167. Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, including Fv/Fm (the maximum quantum efficiency of PSII) and quantum yield of PSII (Y(II)), were lower in m167 than those in wild type plants (WT), and photosynthesis rate decreases 40% in leaves of m167 mutant compared with WT plants, which lead to yield reduction in m167. Genetic analysis revealed that yellow-green leaf phenotype of m167 is controlled by a single recessive genetic locus. By positional cloning, a single mutated locus, G286A (Alanine 96 to Threonine in protein), was found in the coding sequence of LOC_Os01g17170 (Rice Copper Response Defect 1, OsCRD1), encoding a putative subunit of MPEC. Expression profile analysis demonstrated that OsCRD1 is mainly expressed in green tissues of rice. Sequence alignment analysis of CRD1 indicated that Alanine 96 is very conserved in all green plants and photosynthetic bacteria. OsCRD1 protein mainly locates in chloroplast and the point mutation A96T in OsCRD1 does not change its location. Therefore, Alanine96 of OsCRD1 might be fundamental for MPEC activity, mutation of which leads to deficiency in chlorophyll biosynthesis and chloroplast development and decreases photosynthetic capacity in rice.


Assuntos
Clorofila/genética , Oryza/genética , Fotossíntese/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Clorofila/biossíntese , Cloroplastos/enzimologia , Cloroplastos/genética , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fenótipo , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Mutação Puntual/genética , Protoporfirinas/genética , Tilacoides/enzimologia , Tilacoides/genética
15.
Protoplasma ; 254(1): 401-408, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27040682

RESUMO

Drought is an important factor limiting plant development and crop production. Dissecting the factors involved in this process is the key for enhancement of plant tolerance to drought stress by genetic approach. Here, we evaluated the regulatory function of a novel rice ethylene response factor (ERF) OsERF109 in drought stress. Expression of OsERF109 was rapidly induced by stress and phytohormones. Subcellular localization and transactivation assay demonstrated that OsERF109 was localized in nucleus and possessed transactivation activity. Transgenic plants overexpressing (OE) and knockdown with RNA interfering (RI) OsERF109 exhibited significantly reduced and improved drought resistance, respectively, indicating that OsERF109 negatively regulates drought resistance in rice. Furthermore, measurement by gas chromatography showed that ethylene contents were less in OE while more in RI lines than these in wild types, supporting the data of drought tolerance and water loss in transgenic lines. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis also proved the regulation of OsERF109 in the expression of OSACS6, OSACO2, and OsERF3, which have been identified to play important roles in ethylene biosynthesis. Based on these results, our data evidence that OsERF109 regulates drought resistance by affecting the ethylene biosynthesis in rice. Overall, our study reveals the negative role of OsERF109 in ethylene biosynthesis and drought tolerance in rice.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Secas , Etilenos/biossíntese , Oryza/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Oryza/genética , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Transpiração Vegetal/genética , Transpiração Vegetal/fisiologia , Transporte Proteico , Ativação Transcricional/genética
16.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 2269, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29387076

RESUMO

Salt stress causes significant reductions in rice production worldwide; thus, improving salt tolerance is a promising approach to meet the increasing food demand. Wild rice germplasm is considered a valuable genetic resource for improving rice cultivars. However, information regarding the improvement of salt tolerance in cultivated rice using wild rice genes is limited. In this study, we identified a salt-tolerant line Dongxiang/Ningjing 15 (DJ15) under salt-stress field conditions from the population of a salt tolerant Dongxiang wild rice × a cultivated rice variety Ningjing16 (NJ16). Genomic resequencing analysis of NJ16, DJ15 and Dongxiang wild rice revealed that the introgressed genomic fragments were unevenly distributed over the 12 chromosomes (Chr.) and mainly identified on Chr. 6, 7, 10, and 11. Using quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping, we found 9 QTL for salt tolerance (qST) at the seedling stage located on Chr. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10. In addition, sequence variant analysis within the QTL regions demonstrated that SKC1/HKT8/HKT1;5 and HAK6 transporters along with numerous transcriptional factors were the candidate genes for the salt tolerant QTL. The DJ15/Koshihikari recombinant inbred lines that contained both qST1.2 and qST6, two QTL with the highest effect for salt tolerance, were more tolerant than the parental lines under salt-stress field conditions. Furthermore, the qST6 near-isogenic lines with IR29 background were more tolerant than IR29, indicating that qST1.2 and qST6 could improve salt tolerance in rice. Overall, our study indicates that wild rice genes could markedly improve the salt tolerance of cultivated rice.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 18(1)2016 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28025485

RESUMO

Ectopic expression of the MYB transcription factor of AmROSEA1 from Antirrhinum majus has been reported to change anthocyanin and other metabolites in several species. In this study, we found that overexpression of AmRosea1 significantly improved the tolerance of transgenic rice to drought and salinity stresses. Transcriptome analysis revealed that a considerable number of stress-related genes were affected by exogenous AmRosea1 during both drought and salinity stress treatments. These affected genes are involved in stress signal transduction, the hormone signal pathway, ion homeostasis and the enzymes that remove peroxides. This work suggests that the AmRosea1 gene is a potential candidate for genetic engineering of crops.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Tolerância ao Sal , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Secas , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
18.
PLoS One ; 11(12): e0168650, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27992560

RESUMO

Salinity is a severe environmental stress that greatly impairs production of crops worldwide. Previous studies have shown that GMPase plays an important role in tolerance of plants to salt stress at vegetative stage. However, the function of GMPase in plant responses to salt stress at reproductive stage remains unclear. Studies have shown that heterologous expression of rice GMPase OsVTC1-1 enhanced salt tolerance of tobacco seedlings, but the native role of OsVTC1-1 in salt stress tolerance of rice is unknown. To illustrate the native function of GMPase in response of rice to salt stress, OsVTC1-1 expression was suppressed using RNAi-mediated gene silencing. Suppressing OsVTC1-1 expression obviously decreased salt tolerance of rice varieties at vegetative stage. Intriguingly, grain yield of OsVTC1-1 RNAi rice was also significantly reduced under salt stress, indicating that OsVTC1-1 plays an important role in salt tolerance of rice at both seedling and reproductive stages. OsVTC1-1 RNAi rice accumulated more ROS under salt stress, and supplying exogenous ascorbic acid restored salt tolerance of OsVTC1-1 RNAi lines, suggesting that OsVTC1-1 is involved in salt tolerance of rice through the biosynthesis regulation of ascorbic acid. Altogether, results of present study showed that rice GMPase gene OsVTC1-1 plays a critical role in salt tolerance of rice at both vegetative and reproductive stages through AsA scavenging of excess ROS.


Assuntos
Oryza/enzimologia , Fosforilases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/fisiologia , Plântula/enzimologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Oryza/genética , Fosforilases/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Plântula/genética
19.
Plant Cell ; 28(11): 2755-2769, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27837007

RESUMO

Light and temperature are two key environmental signals that profoundly affect plant growth and development, but underlying molecular mechanisms of how light and temperature signals affect the circadian clock are largely unknown. Here, we report that COR27 and COR28 are regulated not only by low temperatures but also by light signals. COR27 and COR28 are negative regulators of freezing tolerance but positive regulators of flowering, possibly representing a trade-off between freezing tolerance and flowering. Furthermore, loss-of-function mutations in COR27 and COR28 result in period lengthening of various circadian output rhythms and affect central clock gene expression. Also, the cor27 cor28 double mutation affects the pace of the circadian clock. Additionally, COR27 and COR28 are direct targets of CCA1, which represses their transcription via chromatin binding. Finally, we report that COR27 and COR28 bind to the chromatin of TOC1 and PRR5 to repress their transcription, suggesting that their effects on rhythms are in part due to their regulation of TOC1 and PRR5 These data demonstrate that blue light and low temperature-regulated COR27 and COR28 regulate the circadian clock as well as freezing tolerance and flowering time.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/efeitos da radiação , Relógios Circadianos/fisiologia , Relógios Circadianos/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/efeitos da radiação , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Temperatura Ambiente , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
20.
Plant Mol Biol ; 92(4-5): 473-482, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27561782

RESUMO

Our previous investigation revealed that GDP-Man pyrophosphorylase (VTC1), a vital ascorbic acid (AsA) biosynthesis enzyme, could be degraded through interaction with the photomorphogenic factor COP9 signalosome subunit 5B (CSN5B) in the darkness, demonstrating the posttranscriptional regulation of light signal in AsA production. Here, we further report that a point mutation in D27E of VTC1 disables the interaction with CSN5B, resulting in enhancement of AsA biosynthesis and seedling growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. To identify the interaction sites with CSN5B, we first predicted the key amino acids in VTC1 via bioinformatics analysis. And then we biochemically and genetically demonstrated that the 27th Asp was the amino acid that influenced the interaction of VTC1 with CSN5B in plants. Moreover, transgenic lines overexpressing the site-specific mutagenesis from D27 (Asp) into E27 (Glu) in VTC1 showed enhanced AsA accumulation and reduced H2O2 content in Arabidopsis seedlings, compared with the lines overexpressing the mutation from D27 into N27 (Asn) in VTC1. In addition, this regulation of VTC1 D27E mutation promoted seedling growth. Together, our data reveal that the 27th amino acid of VTC1 confers a key regulation in the interaction with CSN5B and AsA biosynthesis, as well as in Arabidopsis seedling growth.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis , Ácido Ascórbico/biossíntese , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Plântula , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Complexo do Signalossomo COP9 , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Mutação/genética , Estabilidade Proteica , Plântula/genética , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA