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1.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 469, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the increasing incidence of obesity and the childbearing-age delay among women, a debate over obesity's impacts on pregnancy and neonatal outcomes becomes hot. The potential negative effects of obesity and aging on fertility lead to an idea, whether an obese female pursuing IVF treatment can benefit from an ideal BMI achieved over a long-time weight loss process at the cost of aging? We aimed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) and clinical or neonatal outcomes in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment, for answering whether it is necessary to lose weight first for obese patients, particularly those at advanced age. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using multicentered data from China. The women were stratified into 5 groups in terms of pre-gravid BMI (kg/m2) with the WHO obesity standard (group 1: BMI < 18.5; group 2: 18.5 ≤ BMI < 23.0; group 3: 23.0 ≤ BMI < 25.0; group 4: 25.0 ≤ BMI < 30.0; group 5: BMI ≥ 30.0). The primary outcome was cumulative live birth rate (CLBR), and other clinical and neonatal outcomes were weighed as secondary outcomes. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried to evaluate the association between BMI and the CLBR, or between BMI and some neonatal outcomes. Furthermore, we implemented a machine-learning algorithm to predict the CLBR based on age and BMI. RESULTS: A total of 115,287 women who underwent first IVF cycles with autologous oocytes from January 2013 to December 2017 were included in our study. The difference in the CLBR among the five groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI had no significant impact on the CLBR, while women's age associated with the CLBR negatively. Further, the calculation of the CLBR in different age stratifications among the five groups revealed that the CLBR lowered with age increasing, quantitatively, it decreased by approximately 2% for each one-year increment after 35 years old, while little difference observed in the CLBR corresponding to the five groups at the same age stratification. The machine-learning algorithm derived model showed that BMI's effect on the CLBR in each age stratification was negligible, but age's impact on the CLBR was overwhelming. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI did not affect preterm birth, low birth weight infant, small for gestational age (SGA) and large for gestational age (LGA), while BMI was an independent risk factor for fetal macrosomia, which was positively associated with BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal pre-gravid BMI had no association with the CLBR and neonatal outcomes, except for fetal macrosomia. While the CLBR was lowered with age increasing. For the IVF-pursuing women with obesity plus advanced age, rather than losing weight first, the sooner the treatment starts, the better. A multicentered prospective study with a large size of samples is needed to confirm this conclusion in the future.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Fertilização in vitro , Obesidade , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Gravidez , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Obesidade/terapia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Recém-Nascido , Taxa de Gravidez
2.
Clin Nucl Med ; 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38991199

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell cancer (FHRCC) is a rare and aggressive form of renal cell carcinoma. The diagnostic value of 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT for FHRCC remains unexplored. Therefore, we compared the potential value of 68Ga-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG PET/CT in FHRCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with FHRCC underwent 68Ga-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG PET/CT from May 2022 to December 2023. The SUVmax and tumor-to-liver ratio (TLR) of both tracers were compared using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. RESULTS: Eleven patients with 83 lesions were enrolled. The rate of 18F-FDG PET/CT in detecting lesions was higher than that of 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT: primary tumors: 75.0% (6/8) versus 50.0% (4/8); lymph nodes: 94.9% (37/39) versus 89.7% (35/39); and bone lesions: 100.0% (21/21) versus 90.5% (19/21). The median SUVmax of primary and metastatic lesions on 18F-FDG PET/CT was comparable to 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT in semiquantitative analysis (primary lesions: 13.86 vs 16.35, P = 1.000; lymph nodes: 10.04 vs 9.33, P = 0.517; bone lesions: 13.49 vs 9.84, P = 0.107; visceral lesions: 8.54 vs 4.20, P = 0.056). However, the median TLRs of primary and metastatic lesions on 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT were higher than that of 18F-FDG PET/CT (primary lesions: 30.44 vs 5.41, P = 0.010; lymph nodes: 17.71 vs 3.95, P = 0.000; bone lesions: 15.94 vs 5.21, P = 0.000; visceral lesions: 9.26 vs 3.44, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: 18F-FDG PET/CT detected more primary and metastatic FHRCC lesions than 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT. However, the higher TLR in FHRCC on 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT may indicate therapeutic potential in targeting fibroblast activation protein in FHRCC.

3.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 181, 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992067

RESUMO

Mitotic catastrophe (MC), which occurs under dysregulated mitosis, represents a fascinating tactic to specifically eradicate tumor cells. Whether pyroptosis can be a death form of MC remains unknown. Proteasome-mediated protein degradation is crucial for M-phase. Bortezomib (BTZ), which inhibits the 20S catalytic particle of proteasome, is approved to treat multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma, but not solid tumors due to primary resistance. To date, whether and how proteasome inhibitor affected the fates of cells in M-phase remains unexplored. Here, we show that BTZ treatment, or silencing of PSMC5, a subunit of 19S regulatory particle of proteasome, causes G2- and M-phase arrest, multi-polar spindle formation, and consequent caspase-3/GSDME-mediated pyroptosis in M-phase (designated as mitotic pyroptosis). Further investigations reveal that inhibitor of WEE1/PKMYT1 (PD0166285), but not inhibitor of ATR, CHK1 or CHK2, abrogates the BTZ-induced G2-phase arrest, thus exacerbates the BTZ-induced mitotic arrest and pyroptosis. Combined BTZ and PD0166285 treatment (named BP-Combo) selectively kills various types of solid tumor cells, and significantly lessens the IC50 of both BTZ and PD0166285 compared to BTZ or PD0166285 monotreatment. Studies using various mouse models show that BP-Combo has much stronger inhibition on tumor growth and metastasis than BTZ or PD0166285 monotreatment, and no obvious toxicity is observed in BP-Combo-treated mice. These findings disclose the effect of proteasome inhibitors in inducing pyroptosis in M-phase, characterize pyroptosis as a new death form of mitotic catastrophe, and identify dual inhibition of proteasome and WEE family kinases as a promising anti-cancer strategy to selectively kill solid tumor cells.


Assuntos
Bortezomib , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Mitose , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases , Piroptose , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Mitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitose/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Bortezomib/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteassoma/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Gasderminas , Pirimidinonas
4.
J Org Chem ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992858

RESUMO

In this study, in the presence of a certain amount of cuprous chloride catalyst and the synergistic action of ligand and base, the P-H bond activation of secondary biarylphosphine oxides and the attack on the ß-site of orthoaryl groups were investigated. Phosphafluorene oxide was synthesized by C-H bond activation and an intramolecular dehydrogenation coupling reaction to construct a C-P bond. Subsequently, we conducted a control experiment and made reasonable speculations about its mechanism. In addition, the use of phosphafluorene as a ligand in some synthetic catalytic reactions has shown excellent results, demonstrating its excellent catalytic properties.

5.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; : 1-11, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Peritoneal free cancer cells can negatively impact disease progression and patient outcomes in gastric cancer. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using golden-angle radial sampling dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (GRASP DCE-MRI) to predict the presence of peritoneal free cancer cells in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: All enrolled patients were consecutively divided into analysis and validation groups. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and perfusion were performed in patients with gastric cancer undergoing surgery, and peritoneal lavage specimens were collected for examination. Based on the peritoneal lavage cytology (PLC) results, patients were divided into negative and positive lavage fluid groups. The data collected included clinical and MR information. A nomogram prediction model was constructed to predict the positive rate of peritoneal lavage fluid, and the validity of the model was verified based on data from the verification group. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between the proportion of PLC-positive cases predicted by GRASP DCE-MR and the actual PLC test. MR tumor stage, tumor thickness, and perfusion parameter Tofts-Ketty model volume transfer constant (Ktrans) were independent predictors of positive peritoneal lavage fluid. The nomogram model featured a concordance index (C-index) of 0.785 and 0.742 for the modeling and validation groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: GRASP DCE-MR could effectively predict peritoneal free cancer cells in gastric cancer patients. The nomogram model constructed using these predictors may help clinicians to better predict the risk of peritoneal free cancer cells being present in gastric cancer patients.

6.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 12(7): 646-658, 2024 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993510

RESUMO

Background and Aims: As practice patterns and hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes (GT) vary geographically, a global real-world study from both East and West covering all GTs can help inform practice policy toward the 2030 HCV elimination goal. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness and tolerability of DAA treatment in routine clinical practice in a multinational cohort for patients infected with all HCV GTs, focusing on GT3 and GT6. Methods: We analyzed the sustained virological response (SVR12) of 15,849 chronic hepatitis C patients from 39 Real-World Evidence from the Asia Liver Consortium for HCV clinical sites in Asia Pacific, North America, and Europe between 07/01/2014-07/01/2021. Results: The mean age was 62±13 years, with 49.6% male. The demographic breakdown was 91.1% Asian (52.9% Japanese, 25.7% Chinese/Taiwanese, 5.4% Korean, 3.3% Malaysian, and 2.9% Vietnamese), 6.4% White, 1.3% Hispanic/Latino, and 1% Black/African-American. Additionally, 34.8% had cirrhosis, 8.6% had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and 24.9% were treatment-experienced (20.7% with interferon, 4.3% with direct-acting antivirals). The largest group was GT1 (10,246 [64.6%]), followed by GT2 (3,686 [23.2%]), GT3 (1,151 [7.2%]), GT6 (457 [2.8%]), GT4 (47 [0.3%]), GT5 (1 [0.006%]), and untyped GTs (261 [1.6%]). The overall SVR12 was 96.9%, with rates over 95% for GT1/2/3/6 but 91.5% for GT4. SVR12 for GT3 was 95.1% overall, 98.2% for GT3a, and 94.0% for GT3b. SVR12 was 98.3% overall for GT6, lower for patients with cirrhosis and treatment-experienced (TE) (93.8%) but ≥97.5% for treatment-naive patients regardless of cirrhosis status. On multivariable analysis, advanced age, prior treatment failure, cirrhosis, active HCC, and GT3/4 were independent predictors of lower SVR12, while being Asian was a significant predictor of achieving SVR12. Conclusions: In this diverse multinational real-world cohort of patients with various GTs, the overall cure rate was 96.9%, despite large numbers of patients with cirrhosis, HCC, TE, and GT3/6. SVR12 for GT3/6 with cirrhosis and TE was lower but still excellent (>91%).

7.
Transl Cancer Res ; 13(6): 3046-3061, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988919

RESUMO

Background: The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Opa interacting protein 5-antisense RNA 1 (OIP5-AS1) has been shown to participate in numerous biological and pathological processes, notably including oncogenesis. OIP5-AS1 modulates oncogenic or anti-tumor activities by controlling various microRNAs (miRs) in diverse cancer types. This study sought to examine the potential role of the lncRNA OIP5-AS1-mediated miR-455-3p/microfibril-associated protein 2 (MFAP2) axis and its influence on the progression of thyroid carcinoma. Methods: Cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were assessed through in vitro experimental measurements, which involved the use of Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK8), transwell, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining techniques. The estimate algorithm was employed to examine the relationship between MFAP2 and the Stromal score, Immune score, and ESTIMATE score. Results: OIP5-AS1 expression was significantly more elevated in the thyroid carcinoma tissues and cell lines than the corresponding normal non-tumor tissues and cell lines. Following transfection with short-hairpin (sh)-OIP5-AS1, the CAL62 and SW1736 cells upregulated miR-455-3p and downregulated the MFAP2 expression levels. The downregulation of OIP5-AS1 expedited cellular apoptosis and hindered cellular proliferation and migration in the CAL62 and SW1736 cells. The in vitro experiments showed that both the suppression of MFAP2 and the increased expression of miR-455-3p exerted significant anti-cancer effects. In addition, the overexpression of MFAP2 counteracted the in vitro antineoplastic effects of the sh-OIP5-AS1 and miR-455-3p mimics. Conclusions: The results suggest that lncRNA OIP5-AS1 plays a crucial role in the advancement of thyroid carcinoma by inhibiting miR-455-3p to activate MFAP2.

8.
New Phytol ; 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38978318

RESUMO

Rare variants contribute significantly to the 'missing heritability' of quantitative traits. The genome-wide characteristics of rare variants and their roles in environmental adaptation of woody plants remain unexplored. Utilizing genome-wide rare variant association study (RVAS), expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) mapping, genetic transformation, and molecular experiments, we explored the impact of rare variants on stomatal morphology and drought adaptation in Populus. Through comparative analysis of five world-wide Populus species, we observed the influence of mutational bias and adaptive selection on the distribution of rare variants. RVAS identified 75 candidate genes correlated with stomatal size (SS)/stomatal density (SD), and a rare haplotype in the promoter of serine/arginine-rich splicing factor PtoRSZ21 emerged as the foremost association signal governing SS. As a positive regulator of drought tolerance, PtoRSZ21 can recruit the core splicing factor PtoU1-70K to regulate alternative splicing (AS) of PtoATG2b (autophagy-related 2). The rare haplotype PtoRSZ21hap2 weakens binding affinity to PtoMYB61, consequently affecting PtoRSZ21 expression and SS, ultimately resulting in differential distribution of Populus accessions in arid and humid climates. This study enhances the understanding of regulatory mechanisms that underlie AS induced by rare variants and might provide targets for drought-tolerant varieties breeding in Populus.

9.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1366327, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962768

RESUMO

Introduction: Enhancing the efficiency of primary healthcare services is essential for a populous and developing nation like China. This study offers a systematic analysis of the efficiency and spatial distribution of primary healthcare services in China. It elucidates the fundamental landscape and regional variances in efficiency, thereby furnishing a scientific foundation for enhancing service efficiency and fostering coordinated regional development. Methods: Employs a three-stage DEA-Malmquist model to assess the efficiency of primary healthcare services across 31 provincial units in mainland China from 2012 to 2020. Additionally, it examines the spatial correlation of efficiency distribution using the Moran Index. Results: The efficiency of primary healthcare services in China is generally suboptimal with a noticeable declining trend, highlighting significant potential for improvement in both pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency. There is a pronounced efficiency gap among provinces, yet a positive spatial correlation is evident. Regionally, efficiency ranks in the order of East > Central > West. Factors such as GDP per capita and population density positively influence efficiency enhancements, while urbanization levels and government health expenditures appear to have a detrimental impact. Discussion: The application of the three-stage DEA-Malmquist model and the Moran Index not only expands the methodological framework for researching primary healthcare service efficiency but also provides scientifically valuable insights for enhancing the efficiency of primary healthcare services in China and other developing nations.


Assuntos
Eficiência Organizacional , Atenção Primária à Saúde , China , Humanos , Análise Espacial , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Teóricos
10.
Water Res ; 261: 122001, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38964215

RESUMO

Impounded lakes are often interconnected in large-scale water diversion projects to form a coordinated system for water allocation and regulation. The alternating runoff and transferred water can significantly impact local ecosystems, which are initially reflected in the sensitive phytoplankton. Nonetheless, limited information is available on the temporal dynamics and assembly patterns of phytoplankton community in impounded lakes responding to continuous and periodic water diversion. Herein, a long-term monitoring from 2013 to 2020 were conducted to systematically investigate the response of phytoplankton community, including its characteristics, stability, and the ecological processes governing community assembly, in representative impounded lakes to the South-to-North Water Diversion Project (SNWDP) in China. In the initial stage of the SNWDP, the phytoplankton diversity indices experienced a decrease during both non-water diversion periods (8.5 %∼21.2 %) and water diversion periods (5.6 %∼12.2 %), implying a disruption in the aquatic ecosystem. But the regular delivery of high-quality water from the Yangtze River gradually increased phytoplankton diversity and mediated ecological assembly processes shifting from stochastic to deterministic. Meanwhile, reduced nutrients restricted the growth of phytoplankton, pushing species to interact more closely to maintain the functionality and stability of the co-occurrence network. The partial least squares path model revealed that ecological process (path coefficient = 0.525, p < 0.01) and interspecies interactions in networks (path coefficient = -0.806, p < 0.01) jointly influenced the keystone and dominant species, ultimately resulting in an improvement in stability (path coefficient = 0.878, p < 0.01). Overall, the phytoplankton communities experienced an evolutionary process from short-term disruption to long-term adaptation, demonstrating resilience and adaptability in response to the challenges posed by the SNWDP. This study revealed the response and adaptation mechanism of phytoplankton communities in impounded lakes to water diversion projects, which is helpful for maintaining the lake ecological health and formulating rational water management strategies.

11.
Adv Mater ; : e2406625, 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970526

RESUMO

Analogous to linear dielectric, amorphous perovskite dielectrics characterized of high breakdown strength and low remanent polarization possess in-depth application in the sea, land, and air fields. Amorphous engineering is a common approach to balance the inverse relationship between polarization and breakdown strength in dielectric ceramic capacitor, however, the low polarization is the major barrier limiting the improvement of energy storage density. To address this concern, the polymorphic localized heterostructure confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) and HADDF images is constructed in BaTiO3-Bi(Ni0.5Zr0.5)O3 amorphous/nanocrystalline composite film with SiO2 addition (BT-BNZ-xS, x = 3, 5, 7, 10 mol%). The stability of nanocrystalline region achieved by Si-rich transition region and the enhancive ultra-short-range ordering in the amorphous region synergistically result in large breakdown strength and nonhysteretic polarized response. This polymorphic localized heterostructure optimizes the thermal stability in a wide temperature range and contributes ultrahigh energy storage density of 149.9 J cm-3 with markedly enhanced efficiency of 79.0%. This study provides a universal strategy to design the polarization behavior in other amorphous perovskite-based dielectrics.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38968087

RESUMO

Molecule-inclusive closed cage compounds present a unique platform for molecular motion in an isolated environment. This study showcases the incorporation of a tadpole-like polar molecule (1-propyl-1H-imidazole, PIm) into a supramolecular cage formed by duad semicage p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene. The ferroelectric phase transition as well as the cage-confined motion of encapsulated PIm was studied in detail. The unusual quadrastable state of the PIm in the paraelectric phase allows for the modulation of dipolar polarization over a broad temperature/frequency range. This compound represents the first example of a clathrate molecular ferroelectric featuring a molecule-inclusive supramolecular cage, and it also contributes to the understanding of cage-confined molecular dynamics.

13.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(8): 11, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967943

RESUMO

Purpose: Ocular melanoma is a common primary malignant ocular tumor in adults with limited effective treatments. Epigenetic regulation plays an important role in tumor development. The switching/sucrose nonfermentation (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling complex and bromodomain and extraterminal domain family proteins are epigenetic regulators involved in several cancers. We aimed to screen a candidate small molecule inhibitor targeting these regulators and investigate its effect and mechanism in ocular melanoma. Methods: We observed phenotypes caused by knockdown of the corresponding gene and synergistic effects with BRD inhibitor treatment and SWI/SNF complex knockdown. The effect of JQ-1 on ocular melanoma cell cycle and apoptosis was analyzed with flow cytometry. Via RNA sequencing, we also explored the mechanism of BRD4. Results: The best tumor inhibitory effect was observed for the BRD4 inhibitor (JQ-1), although there were no statistically obvious changes in the shBRD4 and shBRD9 groups. Interestingly, the inhibitory effect of JQ-1 was decrease in the shBRD4 group. JQ-1 inhibits the growth of melanoma in various cell lines and in tumor-bearing mice. We found 17 of these 28 common differentially expressed genes were downregulated after MEL270 and MEL290 cells treated with JQ-1. Four of these 17 genes, TP53I11, SH2D5, SEMA5A, and MDGA1, were positively correlated with BRD4. In TCGA database, low expression of TP53I11, SH2D5, SEMA5A, and MDGA1 improved the overall survival rate of patients. Furthermore, the disease-free survival rate was increased in the groups with low expression of TP53I11, SH2D5, and SEMA5A. Conclusions: JQ-1 may act downstream of BRD4 and suppress ocular melanoma growth by inducing G1 cell cycle arrest.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Azepinas , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Melanoma , Fatores de Transcrição , Triazóis , Animais , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Azepinas/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia , Triazóis/uso terapêutico , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Uveais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Uveais/genética , Neoplasias Uveais/patologia , Neoplasias Uveais/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas que Contêm Bromodomínio
14.
Cancer Res ; 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38900939

RESUMO

Analysis of extracellular vesicles (EVs) is a promising noninvasive liquid biopsy approach for breast cancer (BC) detection, prognosis, and therapeutic monitoring. A comprehensive understanding of the characteristics and proteomic composition of BC-specific EVs from human samples is required to realize the potential of this strategy. In this study, we applied a mass spectrometry-based, data-independent acquisition (DIA) proteomic approach to characterize human serum EVs derived from patients with BC (n = 126) and healthy donors (HDs, n = 70) in a discovery cohort and validated the findings in five independent cohorts. Examination of the EV proteomes enabled construction of specific EV protein classifiers for diagnosing BC and distinguishing patients with metastatic disease. Of note, TALDO1 was found to be an EV biomarker of distant metastasis of BC. In vitro and in vivo analysis confirmed the role of TALDO1 in stimulating BC invasion and metastasis. Finally, high-throughput molecular docking and virtual screening of a library consisting of 271,380 small molecules identified a potent TALDO1 allosteric inhibitor, AO-022, which could inhibit BC migration in vitro and tumor progression in vivo. Together, this work elucidates the proteomic alterations in the serum EVs of BC patients to guide development of improved diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment strategies.

15.
Cytokine ; 181: 156670, 2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38901264

RESUMO

Cytokines may related to intrauterine Hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission. 205 HBsAg(+) pregnant cases and 74 HBsAg(-) women were included. Neonatal blood samples were taken within 24 h of delivery and before HBV vaccinations. Serological HBV biomarkers and cytokines were detected. 21.9 % of the newborns from HBsAg(+) women were intrauterinally transmitted, including 7.3 % with dominant transmission (DBT) and 14.6 % occult transmission (OBT). HBV DNA load (odd ratio [OR], 1.44; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.98), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) (OR, 1.01; 95 %CI, 1.00-1.02) and toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) (OR, 1.27; 95 %CI, 1.06-1.52) positively correlated with DBT. Only IFN-γ (OR, 1.01; 95 %CI, 1.00-1.01) positively associated with OBT. According to the generated restricted cubic spline, TLR9 was positively correlates with rise of DBT in a log-shape. It may be possible to develop a nomogram which intercalates these factors to predict intrauterine HBV transmissions. Further research should consider immune processes involved in chorioamnionitis.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(23): 231802, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905664

RESUMO

We present the results for the complete next-to-leading order electroweak corrections to pp→HH at the Large Hadron Collider, focusing on the dominant gluon-gluon fusion process. While the corrections at the total cross-section level are approximately -4%, those near the energy of HH production threshold exceed +15%, and corrections at the high-energy region are around -10%, leading to a shape distortion for the differential distributions. Our findings substantially diminish the theoretical uncertainties associated with this pivotal process, providing valuable input for understanding the shape of the Higgs boson potential upon comparison with experimental measurements.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38906440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The global rise of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) superimposed on hepatic steatosis (HS) warrants non-invasive, precise tools for assessing fibrosis progression. This study leveraged machine learning (ML) to develop diagnostic models for advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis in this patient population. METHODS: Treatment-naive CHB patients with concurrent HS who underwent liver biopsy in ten medical centers were enrolled as a training cohort and an independent external validation cohort (NCT05766449). Six ML models were implemented to predict advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. The final models, derived from Shapley Additive exPlanations, were compared to Fibrosis-4 Index (FIB-4), Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Fibrosis Score (NFS), and Aspartate transaminase to platelet ratio index (APRI) using the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Of 1,198 eligible patients, the random forest (RF) model achieved AUROCs of 0.778 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.749-0.807] for diagnosing advanced fibrosis (RF-AF model) and 0.777 (95%CI 0.748-0.806) for diagnosing cirrhosis (RF-C model) in the training cohort, and maintained high AUROCs in the validation cohort. In the training cohort, the RF-AF model obtained an AUROC of 0.825 (95% CI 0.787-0.862) in patients with HBV DNA ≥105 IU/ml, and RF-C model had an AUROC of 0.828 (95% CI 0.774-0.883) in female patients. The two models outperformed FIB-4, NFS, and APRI in the training cohort, and also performed well in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The RF models provide reliable, non-invasive tools for identifying advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis in CHB patients with concurrent HS, offering a significant advancement in the co-management of the two diseases.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(12)2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38930401

RESUMO

In nature, lakes and water channels offer abundant underwater energy sources. However, effectively harnessing these green and sustainable underwater energy sources is challenging due to their low flow velocities. Here, we propose an underwater energy-harvesting system based on a cylindrical bluff body and a cantilever beam composed of a macro fiber composite (MFC), taking advantage of the MFC's low-frequency, lightweight, and high piezoelectric properties to achieve energy harvesting in low-frequency and low-speed water flows. When a water flow impacts the cylindrical bluff body, it generates vibration-enhanced and low-frequency vortices behind the bluff body. The optimized diameter of the bluff body and the distance between the bluff body and the MFC were determined using finite element analysis software, specifically COMSOL. According to the simulation results, an energy-harvesting system based on an MFC cantilever beam applied in a low-frequency and low-speed water flow was designed and prepared. When the diameter of the bluff body was 25 mm, and the distance between the bluff body and MFC was 10 mm and the maximum output voltage was 22.73 V; the power density could reach 0.55 mW/cm2 after matching the appropriate load. The simulation results and experimental findings of this study provide valuable references for designing and investigating energy-harvesting systems applied in low-frequency and low-speed water flows.

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