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1.
J Exp Bot ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727182

RESUMO

Zinc (Zn) is an essential micronutrient for both plants and animals, while Zn deficiency in crops and humans is a global problem affecting crop productivity and human health. Since plants and humans differ in their Zn requirement, there is a dilemma between plant nutrition and human nutrition. In this review, we focus on the transport system of Zn from soil to grain in rice (Oryza sativa), which is a major dietary source of Zn for people subsiding on rice-based diets. We describe transporters belonging to different family, which are involved in the uptake, vacuolar sequestration, root-to-shoot translocation and distribution of Zn. We also discuss the possible regulation mechanism of these transporters. Several examples are given on enhancing Zn accumulation and bioavailability in rice grains through manipulation of genes highly expressed in the nodes, where Zn is highly deposited. We finally provide our perspectives toward breeding rice cultivars with both increased tolerance to Zn-deficiency stress and high Zn density in rice grains.

2.
J Virol ; : JVI0147621, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730396

RESUMO

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) establishes a persistent/latent infection after primary infection, and host factor(s) plays a key role in regulating HCMV infection status. The spread of reactivated HCMV via the hematogenous or neural route usually results in severe diseases in newborns and immunocompromised individuals. As the primary reservoirs in vivo, cells of myeloid lineage have been utilized extensively to study HCMV infection. However, the molecular mechanism of HCMV latency/reactivation in neural cells is still poorly understood. We previously showed that HCMV infected T98G cells maintain a large number of viral genomes and support HCMV reactivation from latency upon cAMP/IBMX treatment. Here we employed iTRAQ-based proteomics to characterize cellular protein changes during HCMV latency and reactivation in T98G cells. A total of 168 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified, including 89 proteins in latency and 85 proteins in reactivation. Bioinformatics analysis showed that a few biological pathways were associated with HCMV latency or reactivation. Moreover, we validated 16 DEPs by both mRNA and protein expression profiles and further evaluated the effects of ApoE and PI3K pathway on HCMV infection. ApoE knockdown reduced HCMV loads and virus release, whereas overexpressing ApoE hampered HCMV latent infection, indicating a role in HCMV latency establishment/maintenance. Blocking the PI3K pathway by LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, induced HCMV reactivation from latency in T98G cells. Overall, this comparative proteomic analysis delineates the cellular protein changes during HCMV latency and reactivation and provides a road map to advance our understanding of the mechanism(s) in the context of neural cells. IMPORTANCE Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a highly transmissible beta-herpesvirus that has a prevalence of 60%-90% worldwide. This opportunist pathogen poses a significant threat to newborns and immunosuppressed individuals. One major obstacle for developing effective therapeutics is a poor understanding of HCMV latency/reactivation mechanisms. This study presents, for the first time, a systemic analysis of host cell protein expression changes during HCMV latency establishment and reactivation processes in neural cells. We showed that ApoE was downregulated by HCMV to facilitate latent infection. Also, the proteomic analysis has associated a few PI3K pathway-related proteins with HCMV reactivation. Altogether, this study highlights multiple host proteins and signaling pathways that can be further investigated as potential druggable targets for HCMV-related diseases, especially brain disorders.

3.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 26(10): 916-927, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719215

RESUMO

As a tool for modifying the genome, gene editing technology has developed rapidly in recent years, especially in the past two years. With the emergence of new gene editing technologies, such as transposon editing tools, numerous advancements have been made including precise editing of the genome, double base editing, and pilot editing. This report focuses on the development of gene editing tools in recent years, elaborates the progress made in classic editing tools, base editor and other new editing tools, and provides insights into challenges and opportunities.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 657047, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759816

RESUMO

Background: Cyclophosphamide is a common tumor chemotherapy drug used to treat various cancers. However, the resulting immunosuppression leads to leukopenia, which is a serious limiting factor in clinical application. Therefore, the introduction of immunomodulators as adjuvant therapy may help to reduce the hematological side effects of cyclophosphamide. Lvjiaobuxue granule has been widely used in the clinical treatment of gynecological diseases such as anemia and irregular menstruation. Recently, it has been found to increase the function of white blood cells, but its mechanism of action is still unclear. We aimed to reveal the mechanisms of Lvjiaobuxue granule against acute leukopenia by an integrated strategy combining metabolomics with network pharmacology. Methods: Subcutaneously inoculated 4T1 breast cancer cells to prepare tumor-bearing mice, intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide to establish a 4T1 tumor-bearing mice leukopenia animal model, using pharmacodynamic indicators, metabolomics, network pharmacology and molecular biology and other technical methods. To comprehensively and systematically elucidate the effect and mechanism of Lvjiaobuxue granule in improving cyclophosphamide-induced leukopenia in 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Results: Lvjiaobuxue granule can improve the blood routine parameters and organ index levels of the leukopenia model of 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Metabolomics studies revealed that 15 endogenous metabolites in the spleen of mice were considered as potential biomarkers of Lvjiaobuxue granule for their protective effect. Metabonomics and network pharmacology integrated analysis indicated that Lvjiaobuxue granule exerted the leukocyte elevation activity by inhibiting the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) degradation pathway and increasing the levels of valine, leucine and isoleucine. The results of molecular biology also showed that Lvjiaobuxue granule can significantly regulate the key enzymes in the catabolism of BCAAs, which further illustrates the importance of BCAAs in improving leukopenia. Conclusion: Lvjiaobuxue granule exerts obvious pharmacological effects on the leukopenia model of 4T1 tumor-bearing mice induced by cyclophosphamide, which could be mediated by regulating the branched-chain amino acid degradation pathway and the levels of valine, leucine and isoleucine.

5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(21)2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771481

RESUMO

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were fabricated with biocompatible collagen (Col) and then conjugated with berberine (BB), denoted as Au-Col-BB, to investigate the endocytic mechanisms in Her-2 breast cancer cell line and in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Owing to the superior biocompatibility, tunable physicochemical properties, and potential functionalization with biomolecules, AuNPs have been well studied as carriers of biomolecules for diseases and cancer therapeutics. Composites of AuNPs with biopolymer, such as fibronectin or Col, have been revealed to increase cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. BB is a natural compound with impressive health benefits, such as lowering blood sugar and reducing weight. In addition, BB can inhibit cell proliferation by modulating cell cycle progress and autophagy, and induce cell apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. In the current research, BB was conjugated on the Col-AuNP composite ("Au-Col"). The UV-Visible spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy confirmed the conjugation of BB on Au-Col. The particle size of the Au-Col-BB conjugate was about 227 nm, determined by dynamic light scattering. Furthermore, Au-Col-BB was less cytotoxic to BAEC vs. Her-2 cell line in terms of MTT assay and cell cycle behavior. Au-Col-BB, compared to Au-Col, showed greater cell uptake capacity and potential cellular transportation by BAEC and Her-2 using the fluorescence-conjugated Au-Col-BB. In addition, the clathrin-mediated endocytosis and cell autophagy seemed to be the favorite endocytic mechanism for the internalization of Au-Col-BB by BAEC and Her-2. Au-Col-BB significantly inhibited cell migration in Her-2, but not in BAEC. Moreover, apoptotic cascade proteins, such as Bax and p21, were expressed in Her-2 after the treatment of Au-Col-BB. The tumor suppression was examined in a model of xenograft mice treated with Au-Col-BB nanovehicles. Results demonstrated that the tumor weight was remarkably reduced by the treatment of Au-Col-BB. Altogether, the promising findings of Au-Col-BB nanocarrier on Her-2 breast cancer cell line suggest that Au-Col-BB may be a good candidate of anticancer drug for the treatment of human breast cancer.

6.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211055384, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775864

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the detection performance of the hematopoietic stem cell enumeration kit developed by BD Biosciences. METHODS: Cord blood samples were prepared using a hematopoietic stem cell enumeration kit developed by BD Biosciences and Stem-Kit reagents from Beckman Coulter. CD34+ cells were enumerated using a BD FACSCanto instrument and FACSDiva software. RESULTS: A total of 519 samples were analyzed in this study. The hematopoietic stem cell enumeration kit developed by BD Biosciences yielded absolute counts of CD34-positive cells that were on average 8.7% lower than Beckman Coulter Stem-Kit reagents (range: -5.7% to-14.7%). The BD Biosciences kit yielded relative counts that were on average 9.9% higher compared with Beckman Coulter Stem-Kit reagents (range: -2.1% to +13.8%). The intraclass correlation coefficients for absolute and relative counts of CD34-positive cells were 0.9967 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.9961-0.9972) and 0.9512 (95% CI: 0.9423-0.9587) for the BD Biosciences and Beckman Coulter kits, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The hematopoietic stem cell enumeration kit developed by BD Biosciences can be used to enumerate CD34-positive stem cells from cord blood samples.


Assuntos
Sangue Fetal , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Antígenos CD34 , Contagem de Células , Citometria de Fluxo
7.
Biomark Med ; 15(18): 1769-1783, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783585

RESUMO

Metadherin (MTDH) has been recognized as a novel protein that is critical for the progression of multiple types of human malignancies. Studies have reported that MTDH enhances the metastatic potential of cancer cells by regulating multiple signaling pathways. miRNAs and various tumor-related proteins have been shown to interact with MTDH, making it a potential therapeutic target as well as a biomarker in human malignancies. MTDH plays a critical role in inflammation, angiogenesis, hypoxia, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and autophagy. In this review, we present the function and mechanisms of MTDH for cancer initiation and progression.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151920, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838555

RESUMO

In this study, data-driven deep learning methods were applied in order to model and predict the treatment of real municipal wastewater using anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs). Based on the one-year operating data of two AnMBRs, six parameters related to the experimental conditions (temperature of reactor, temperature of environment, temperature of influent, influent pH, influent COD, and flux) and eight parameters for wastewater treatment evaluation (effluent pH, effluent COD, COD removal efficiency, biogas composition (CH4, N2, and CO2), biogas production rate, and oxidation-reduction potential) were selected to establish the datasets. Three deep learning network structures were proposed to analyze and reproduce the relationship between the input parameters and output evaluation parameters. The statistical analysis showed that deep learning closely agrees with the AnMBR experimental results. The prediction accuracy rate of the proposed densely connected convolutional network (DenseNet) can reach up to 97.44%, and the single calculation time can be reduced to within 1 s, suggesting the high performance of AnMBR treatment prediction with deep learning methods.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 745854, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721415

RESUMO

Alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) is critical for the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli (E. coli) K1 meningitis, a severe central nervous system infection of the neonates. However, little is known about how E. coli K1 manipulates α7 nAChR signaling. Here, through employing immortalized cell lines, animal models, and human transcriptional analysis, we showed that E. coli K1 infection triggers releasing of secreted Ly6/Plaur domain containing 1 (SLURP1), an endogenous α7 nAChR ligand. Exogenous supplement of SLURP1, combined with SLURP1 knockdown or overexpression cell lines, showed that SLURP1 is required for E. coli K1 invasion and neutrophils migrating across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Furthermore, we found that SLURP1 is required for E. coli K1-induced α7 nAChR activation. Finally, the promoting effects of SLURP1 on the pathogenesis of E. coli K1 meningitis was significantly abolished in the α7 nAChR knockout mice. These results reveal that E. coli K1 exploits SLURP1 to activate α7 nAChR and facilitate its pathogenesis, and blocking SLURP1-α7 nAChR interaction might represent a novel therapeutic strategy for E. coli K1 meningitis.

10.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738877

RESUMO

Perillaldehyde (PAH), one of the active ingredients of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plant Perilla frutescens, is widely used and exerts crucial anti-cancer activities. The aim of current study is to illustrate the potential mechanisms of PAH-mediated regulation of bone metastasis and osteoclastogenesis in prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines. Effects of PAH on proliferation, invasion and migration of PC-3 cells were assessed with the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and Transwell assays, respectively. Effects of PAH on stem cell characteristics of PC-3 cells were evaluated by cell-matrix adhesion assay, colony formation assay, spheroid formation assay, as well as western blot . The anti-metastasis and anti-osteoclastogenesis activity of PAH in RAW264.7 cells was examined by osteoclast differentiation assay and western blot. The protein levels of CD133 and CD44 in PC-3 cells and the activity of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells were measured by western blot. PAH suppressed proliferation, invasion and migration of PC-3 cells, prevented stem cell characteristics including cell-matrix adhesion, colony formation, spheroid formation as well as CD133 and CD44 expression. PAH inhibited bone metastasis and osteoclastogenesis via repressing the activation of NF-κB pathway as well as (RANKL)- and cancer cell- induced osteoclastogenesis in PCa cells. These findings suggested the potential therapeutic effects of PAH on the metastasis of patients with PCa.

11.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(45): 10975-10980, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738823

RESUMO

Improving the reliability of electronic devices requires effective heat management, and the key is the relationship between the thermal transport and temperature. Inspired by synthesized T-carbon and H-boron, the 3-X structural models are proposed to unify the two-dimensional (2D) multitriangle materials. Employing structural searches, we identify the stability of the 3-X configuration in 2D boron carbides as 3-9 BC3 monolayer, which, unexpectedly, exhibits a linear thermal conductivity versus temperature, not the traditional ∼1/T trend. We summarize the common characteristics and explore why this behavior is absent in 3-9 AlC3 and graphene via investigating the optical modes. We show that the linear behavior is a direct consequence of the special oscillation modes by the 3-X model associated with the largest group velocity. We find that 2D materials with such behavior usually share a relatively low thermal conductivity. Our work paves the way to deeply understand the lattice thermal transport and to widen nanoelectronic applications.

12.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 4957-4968, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been suggested playing a crucial role in the tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Clinically, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) after transurethral resection of the bladder is the widely accepted treatment option for high-grade bladder urothelial carcinoma (UC); however, a proportion of bladder UC patients still suffer from recurrence and metastasis. In the present study, we investigated the stemness properties of bladder UC cells with respect to various disease stages. The metastatic capability and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of the parental cells and the CSC cells of bladder UC, after chemotherapy with cisplatin alone or CCRT were also studied, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)-positive cells were analyzed by a flow cytometer. The inhibitory effects of radiation in combination with cisplatin on the cell viability, migration, invasion and EMT characteristics were also examined. RESULTS: We found that the proportion of ALDH+-CSCs of bladder UC cells and the disease grading were independent. Furthermore, cisplatin alone significantly (p<0.05) enhanced the migration of both grade-III T24 cells and advanced-stage HT1197 cells, while CCRT treatment significantly (p<0.05) inhibited the T24 cell migration capability, compared to the cisplatin alone group. Interestingly, we found that the cell invasion capability was obviously increased upon the treatment with CCRT in both T24 and HT1197 CSCs. Furthermore, cisplatin played a promoting role in EMT whether in the presence or absence of irradiation. CONCLUSION: CSCs as well as EMT signaling might contribute to the resistance and metastasis of one-shot CCRT in malignant bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671120

RESUMO

The mutant burden of FLT3-ITD modulates its prognostic impact on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, for patients with low allelic ratio (AR) FLT3-ITD (FLT3-ITDlow, AR < 0.5), clinical features, as well as genomic and transcriptomic profiles remain unclear, and evidence supporting allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in first complete remission (CR1) remains controversial. This study aimed to elucidate the genomic features, prognosis, and transplantation outcome of FLT3-ITDIow in AML patients with intermediate-risk cytogenetics. FLT3-ITDlow was associated with a negative enrichment of the leukemic stem cell signature, a marked enrichment of the RAS pathway, and with higher frequencies of RAS pathway mutations, different from those with FLT3-ITDhigh. Concurrent CEBPA double mutations were favorable prognostic factors, whereas MLL-PTD, and mutations in splicing factors were unfavorable prognostic factors in FLT3-ITDlow patients. Patients with FLT3-ITDlow had a shorter overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) than those with FLT3wt. Allo-HSCT in CR1 was associated with a significantly longer OS and EFS compared with postremission chemotherapy in patients with FLT3-ITDlow. In conclusion, FLT3-ITDlow is associated with different mutational and transcriptomic profiles compared with FLT3-ITDhigh. The presence of concomitant poor-risk mutations exert negative prognostic impacts in patients with FLT3-ITDlow, who markedly benefit from allo-HSCT in CR1.

15.
Front Oncol ; 11: 562378, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676156

RESUMO

Background: LncRNAs have been shown to play critical roles in regulating tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Using LncRNAs to predict prognosis and therapeutic response to cancer treatment has been caused for concern, but the predictive value of lncRNAs remains to be explored and underlying mechanisms have not been completely understood. Methods: The Linc01315 expression level was detected in 282 breast cancer tissues by using quantitative RT-PCR. The association between Linc01315 expression level and clinicopathological features of these breast cancer patients was further analyzed. Multiple regression analysis was used to evaluate Linc01315 predictive value of patients' prognosis. Results: Our study revealed that Linc01315 expression level was significantly correlated with vessel invasion (P = 0.028) and tumor subtype (P = 0.039). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated that patients with lower Linc01315 expression level had significantly longer disease free survival (DFS) (P = 0.002) and overall survival (OS) (P=0.019). Multiple regression analysis showed that Linc01315 level could be an independent predictive factor for DFS (hazards ratio = 0.613, 95% confidence interval = 0.375-1.003; P = 0.049) and OS (hazards ratio = 0.439, 95% confidence interval = 0.228-0.845; P = 0.014). Further analysis showed that low Linc01315 level patients with endocrine therapy could benefit patients DFS (P=0.037) and OS (P=0.025). Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that Linc01315 expression level is significantly correlated with breast cancer patients' prognosis. Linc01315 may represent an independent prognostic marker and therapeutic target in breast cancer.

16.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684705

RESUMO

It was found that 4-hydroxy-2-butenoic ester (11) could not react with 3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline (4a). Individual addition reactions of γ-mercapto-α,ß-unsaturated esters (18) and -unsaturated amide (19) with 3,4-dihydroisoquinolines (4) were carried out under appropriate conditions to provide the corresponding thiazolo[2,3-α]isoquinoline derivatives with good yields (up to 87%) and significant diastereomeric selectivity. The mechanism of the crucial reaction was discussed.

17.
J Biophotonics ; : e202100249, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662510

RESUMO

With homemade active crystalline fibers, we generated bright and broadband light sources for full-field optical coherence tomography, offering deep penetration into skin tissues with cellular resolution at a high frame rate. Extraction of backscattered spectra from the tissue has potential applications in biomedicine. The hysteresis nonlinearity of the piezoelectric transducer actuating the Mirau interferometer has been greatly reduced by a feedforward compensation approach. The linearized hysteresis response enables us to extract depth-dependent spectra accurately. To validate, the complex dispersion of a fused silica plate was characterized with 2% error. Further validation on an in vitro setting, the backscattered spectra from indocyanine green pigment and nonpigmented microspheres were obtained and verified. For in vivo skin measurement, the backscattered spectra show depth-dependent spectral shift and bandwidth variation due to the complex skin anatomy and pigment absorption. Such a high-speed spectra acquisition of in vivo deep tissue backscattering could lead to disease diagnosis in clinical settings.

18.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633234

RESUMO

Xanthomonas citri pv. mangiferaeindicae (Xcm) is the causal agent of mango bacterial black spot which is present in many mango growing regions and leads to great economic losses to mango industry. Due to the limitation of high-quality genomic resources, little is known about the molecular pathogenesis of Xcm. Here, we used PacBio High Fidelity reads (HiFi) sequencing technology to sequence and analyze the whole genome of an Xcm strain GXG07 isolated from Guangxi, the largest mango growing region in China. PacBio HiFi reads with a mean coverage of 450× had been assembled into three contigs of 5,166,537, 79,634 and 30,169 bp, revealing that the genome of Xcm GXG07 contains one chromosome and two plasmids. This genome provides a resource to better understand the biology and pathogenicity of mango bacterial black spot.

19.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(10): 358, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596766

RESUMO

An efficient electrochemical biosensor has been developed for the simultaneous evaluation of DNA bases using AgNPs-embedded covalent organic framework (COF). The COF (p-Phenylenediamine and terephthalaldehyde) was synthesized by reflux (DMF; 150 °C; 12 h) and the nanoparticles were embedded from the aqueous solutions of AgNO3 and NaBH4. The nanocomposite-modified COF was confirmed by spectral, microscopic, and electrochemical techniques. The nanocomposite material was deposited on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and the redox behavior of AgNPs was confirmed by cyclic voltammetry. The electrocatalytic activities of DNA bases were analyzed by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in a physiological environment (PBS; pH = 7.0) based on simple and easy-to-use electrocatalyst. The AgNPs-COF/GCE showed well-defined anodic peak currents for the bases guanine (+ 0.63 V vs. Ag/AgCl), adenine (+ 0.89 V vs. Ag/AgCl), thymine (+ 1.10 V vs. Ag/AgCl), and cytosine (+ 1.26 V vs. Ag/AgCl) in a mixture as well as individuals with respect to the conventional, COF, and AgNPs/GCEs. The AgNPs-COF/GCE showed linear concentration range of DNA bases from 0.2-1000 µM (guanine; (G)), 0.1-500 µM (adenine (A)), 0.25-250 µM (thymine (T)) and 0.15-500 µM (cytosine (C)) and LOD of 0.043, 0.056, 0.062, and 0.051 µM (S/N = 3), respectively. The developed sensor showed reasonable selectivity, reproducibility (RSD = 1.53 ± 0.04%-2.58 ± 0.02% (n = 3)), and stability (RSD = 1.22 ± 0.06%-2.15 ± 0.04%; n = 3) over 5 days of storage) for DNA bases. Finally, AgNPs-COF/GCE was used for the determination of DNA bases in human blood serum, urine and saliva samples with good recoveries (98.60-99.11%, 97.80-99.21%, and 98.69-99.74%, respectively).

20.
Comput Med Imaging Graph ; 93: 101992, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626908

RESUMO

We investigate the speed and performance of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) classification from full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) images based on the convolutional neural network (CNN). Due to the unique characteristics of SCC features, the high variety of CNN, and the high volume of our 3D FF-OCT dataset, progressive model construction is a time-consuming process. To address the issue, we develop a training strategy for data selection that makes model training 16 times faster by exploiting the dependency between images and the knowledge of SCC feature distribution. The speedup makes progressive model construction computationally feasible. Our approach further refines the regularization, channel attention, and optimization mechanism of SCC classifier and improves the accuracy of SCC classification to 87.12% at the image level and 90.10% at the tomogram level. The results are obtained by testing the proposed approach on an FF-OCT dataset with over one million mouse skin images.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Camundongos , Redes Neurais de Computação
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