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1.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702211049149, 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743578

RESUMO

In our studies, cyclin B1 (CCNB1) mRNA and protein were overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues compared with non-HCC tissues. Moreover, CCNB1 was overexpressed in the serum of HCC patients. The expression of CCNB1 was associated with several crucial clinicopathologic characteristics, and the HCC patients with overexpressed CCNB1 had worse overall survival outcomes. In the screening of interactional genes, a total of 266 upregulated co-expression genes, which were positively associated with CCNB1, were selected from the datasets, and 67 downregulated co-expression genes, which were negatively associated with CCNB1, were identified. The key genes might be functionally enriched in DNA replication and the cell cycle pathways. CDC20, CCNA2, PLK1, and FTCD were selected for further research because they were highly connected in the protein-protein interaction networks. Upregulated CDC20, CCNA2, and PLK1 and downregulated FTCD might result in undesirable overall survival outcomes for HCC patients. The univariate Cox analysis results showed that CDC20 and PLK1 might be two independent risk factors, while FTCD might be protective in HCC. Therefore, CCNB1 may participate in the cell cycle of HCC by regulating DNA replication, and CCNB1 may provide a direction for the diagnosis of early-stage HCC and targeted HCC therapy.

2.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702211052036, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644201

RESUMO

In this study, we aim to identify the clinical significance of basonuclin 1 (BNC1) expression in ovarian carcinoma (OV) and to explore its latent mechanisms. Via integrating in-house tissue microarrays, gene chips, and RNA-sequencing data, we explored the expression and clinical value of BNC1 in OV. Immunohistochemical staining was utilized to confirm the protein expression status of BNC1. A combined SMD of -2.339 (95% CI: -3.649 to -1.028, P < 0.001) identified that BNC1 was downregulated based on 1346 samples, and the sROC (AUC = 0.93) showed a favorable discriminatory ability of BNC1 in OV patients. We used univariate and multivariate Cox regulation to evaluate the prognostic role of BNC1 for OV patients, and a combined hazard ratio of 0.717 (95% CI: 0.445-0.989, P < 0.001) revealed that BNC1 was a protective factor for OV. Furthermore, the fraction of infiltrating naive B cells, memory B cells, and other immune cells showed statistical differences between the high- and low-BNC1 expression groups through cell-type identification by estimating relative subsets of RNA transcripts (CIBERSORT) algorithm. Enrichment analysis showed that BNC1 may have a relationship with immune-related items in OV. By predicting the potential regulatory transcription factors (TFs) of BNC1, friend leukemia virus integration 1 (FLI1) may be a potential upstream TF of BNC1. Corporately, a decreasing trend of BNC1 may serve as a tumor suppressor and prognostic biomarker in OV patients. Moreover, BNC1 may take part in immune-related pathways and influence the fraction of tumor-infiltrating immune cells.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672813

RESUMO

Background: Cell division cycle 45 (CDC45) plays an important role in the occurrence and development of numerous carcinomas, but its effect in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unclear. Materials and Methods: The messenger RNA and protein expression levels of CDC45 in LSCC were evaluated with a t test and the standard mean difference (SMD). The ability of CDC45 expression to distinguish the LSCC was assessed through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA), protein-protein interaction, public databases, and online tools were used to explore the potential molecular mechanism of CDC45 in LSCC. Results: A high expression of CDC45 was identified in LSCC (SMD = 2.61, 95% confidence interval [1.62-3.61]). Through ROC curves, the expression of CDC45 makes it feasible to distinguish the LSCC group from the non-LSCC counterpart. CDC45 was relevant to the progression-free interval of LSCC patients (log-rank p = 0.03). GSEAs show that CDC45 is related to the cell cycle. CDC45, CDC6, KIF2C, and AURKB were identified as hub genes of LSCC. E2F1 may be the regulatory transcription factor of CDC45. Conclusions: High expression of CDC45 likely demonstrates carcinogenic effects in LSCC, and CDC45 is a potential target in screening and treatment of LSCC.

4.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 6684186, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326893

RESUMO

Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is an aggressive type of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with a relatively high rate of morbidity and mortality. An altered miR-144-3p level in LSCC with a small number of patients has been previously reported. However, the clinical implication of miR-144-3p and its involved mechanism underlying this disease is not clearly elucidated. In this work, we aimed to confirm the expression of miR-144-3p with larger samples and also to identify target genes for the investigation of the underlying mechanism of miR-144-3p in LSCC. The levels of miR-144-3p were downregulated in 155 samples of LSCC tissues as compared to 26 non-LSCC samples (SMD: -0.78; 95% confidence interval (CI): -1.23, -0.32). The AUC of 0.90 in the summarized ROC curve also indicated a potential ability to differentiate LSCC from non-LSCC tissues, with a sensitivity of 0.78 and a specificity of 0.88. With respect to the molecular mechanism, we predicted the potential targets from online-based prediction, peer-reviewed publications, and RNA-seq and microarray data. In particular, the genes influenced by transfection with miR-144-3p in the LSCC FaDu cell line were collected from the microarray GSE56243. Lastly, 12 novel targets for miR-144-3p in LSCC were obtained by different algorithms. In conclusion, our study confirmed the loss or downregulation of miR-144-3p in LSCC, which might contribute to the LSCC tumorigenesis and progression via regulation of the 12 novel targets, such as IL24, ITGA6, and CEP55. In the future, further investigations are required to validate the present results.

5.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928800, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) causes a heavy disease burden worldwide. Cell division cycle 45 (Cdc45) and its encoding gene (CDC45) have been studied for a long time, but their expression patterns and roles in liver carcinogenesis and advanced HCC deterioration are still incompletely understood. This study integrated tissue microarray and bioinformatics analyses to explore the expression and clinical value of CDC45 and Cdc45 in HCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS In HCC, the expression and relationships with clinic-pathological parameters of CDC45 and Cdc45 were investigated by integrating the RNA-sequencing data, downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Oncomine databases, and tissue microarray with immunohistochemistry staining. Co-expressed genes and genetic alterations of CDC45 separately obtained from Oncomine and cBioPortal databases were identified to shed light on the potential mechanisms of CDC45 in HCC. RESULTS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both overexpressed in HCC tissues, and the CDC45 level progressively increased from stage I to III. The survival outcomes of the group with high CDC45 expression were significantly worse compared with the group with low expression. Amplification and deep deletion were 2 major significant alteration types in HCC patients, and the outcomes were worse in patients with altered versus unaltered CDC45. NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM were identified as the most significantly co-expressed genes. CONCLUSIONS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both upregulated in HCC, and increased expression levels and genetic alternations of CDC45 were correlated with worse prognosis in HCC patients. CDC45 may promote HCC by co-expressing with NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma
6.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 208-224, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315534

RESUMO

The screening and treatment of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) still perplexes clinicians, making it necessary to explore new markers. To this end, this research examined the underlying molecular mechanism of LSCC based on high-throughput datasets (n = 249) from multiple databases. It also identified transcription factors (TFs) independently associated with LSCC prognosis. Through Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses, differential expression genes of LSCC were deemed relevant to the extracellular matrix and its related structures or pathways, suggesting that the extracellular matrix plays an important role in LSCC. At the same time, several hub genes that may also have important roles in LSCC were identified via protein-protein interaction analysis, including CDC45, TPX2, AURKA, KIF2C, NUF, MUC1, MUC7, MUC4, MUC15, and MUC21. Eight unreported LSCC prognostic TFs - BCAT1, CHD4, FOXA2, GATA6, HNF1A, HOXB13, MAFF, and TCF4 - were screened via Kaplan-Meier curves. Cox analysis determined for the first time that HOXB13 expression and gender were independently associated with LSCC prognosis. Compared to control tissues, elevated expression of HOXB13 was found in LSCC tissues (standardized mean difference = 0.44, 95% confidence interval [0.13-0.76]). HOXB13 expression also makes it feasible to screen LSCC from non-LSCC (area under the curve = 0.77), and HOXB13 may play an essential role in LSCC by regulating HOXB7. In conclusion, HOXB13 may be a novel marker for LSCC clinical screening and treatment.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Fatores de Transcrição , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
7.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e928185, 2020 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Immune-related genes (IRGs) are closely related to the incidence and progression of tumors, potentially indicating that IRGs play an important role in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS An RNA sequencing dataset containing 123 samples was collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Based on immune-related differentially expressed genes (IRDEGs), a potential molecular mechanism of LSCC was explored through analysis of information in the Gene Ontology (GO) resource and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and protein-protein interactions (PPIs). A regulatory network of transcriptional regulators and IRDEGs was constructed to explore the underlying molecular mechanism of LSCC at the upstream level. Candidates from IRDEGs for signature were screened via univariate Cox analysis and using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) technique. The IRDEG signature of LSCC was constructed by using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS GO and KEGG analysis showed that IRDEGs may participate in the progression of LSCC through immune-related reactions. PPI analysis demonstrated that, among the IRDEGs in LSCC, the Kininogen 1; C-X-X motif chemokine ligand 10; elastase, neutrophil expressed; and LYZ genes are hub genes in the development of LSCC. At the upstream level, SPI1, SP140, signal transducer and activator of transcription 4, zinc finger E-box binding homeobox, and Ikaros family zinc finger 2 are the hub transcriptional regulators of IRDEGs. The risk score based on the IRDEG signature was able to distinguish prognosis in patients with LSCC and represents an independent prognostic risk factor for LSCC. CONCLUSIONS From the perspective of IRGs, we first constructed an IRDEG signature related to the prognosis of LSCC, which can be used as a novel marker to predict prognosis in patients with LSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/genética
8.
J Oncol ; 2020: 7042025, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014054

RESUMO

IL24 mRNA is known to have an apoptotic effect on cancer cells but not on noncancer cells. However, the expression level of the IL24 mRNA in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and its subgroups is rarely studied. In this study, the clinical implication of IL24 mRNA was evaluated in the common subgroups of HNSCC, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) for analysis. Substantial IL24 mRNA expression data were calculated from several databases, such as the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), ArrayExpress, Sequence Read Archive (SRA), ONCOMINE, and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. We ultimately collected a total of 41 microarrays and RNA-seq including 1,564 HNSCC and 603 noncancer tissue samples. IL24 mRNA was highly expressed in OSCC, LSCC, and NPC as shown by the separated standard mean difference (SMD), as well as HNSCC as a whole part (SMD = 1.47, 95% confdence interval (CI) = 1.24-1.70, P < 0.0001). In all subgroups, the IL24 mRNA upregulation had the ability to distinguish cancer from noncancer tissue with area under the curves (AUCs) of the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) higher than 0.85. In conclusion, IL24 mRNA may be used as a potential marker for cancer screening, and its clinical diagnostic value needs to be further studied. It also provides a new idea for the treatment of the IL24 gene in HNSCC and its subgroups in the future.

9.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926273, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Bladder carcinoma (BLCA) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The aim of this work was to develop an accurate stratification in predicting the prognosis and directing the treatment of BLCA patients based on small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS Expression profiles of snoRNAs were downloaded from the SNORic database. The expression profiles and clinical outcomes of BLCA patients were analyzed. Survival-associated snoRNAs were identified and used to develop a novel risk score classifier. Genes in the whole genome that were significantly correlated with the included prognostic snoRNAs were used for functional enrichment analysis. RESULTS The results showed that age, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, and tumor status were significantly correlated with overall survival (OS) of BLCA patients. We selected 12 survival-associated snoRNAs to build a prognostic signature. Patients were separated into high- and low-risk groups based on the median value of the risk score. Patients in the high-risk group and low-risk group have distinct clinical outcomes. The AJCC TNM stage showed moderate utility as a prognostic indicator for clinical outcome prediction. Then, clinical parameters and risk scores were entered in multivariate Cox analysis. Notably, the prognostic signature remained an independent significant prognostic risk factor. The pathway analysis suggested that these genes were enriched in several types of cancer and "Focal adhesion" pathways. CONCLUSIONS The prognostic signature defined by expression profiles of 12 survival-associated snoRNAs appears to be an excellent predictor of the clinical outcome of BLCA patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/diagnóstico , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia
10.
Comput Biol Chem ; 89: 107383, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032037

RESUMO

RUNX family transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) overexpression has been found in various human malignancies. However, the expression levels of RUNX2 mRNA and protein in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) were not investigated. This study aims to thoroughly analysis the expression level and potential mechanisms of RUNX2 mRNA in LUAD. We applied in-house immunohistochemistry, high-throughput RNA-sequencing, and gene microarrays to comprehensively investigate the expression level of RUNX2 in LUAD. A pool standard mean difference (SMD) and summary receiver operating characteristic curves (SROC) were calculated to assess the integrated expression value of RUNX2 in LUAD. The hazard ratios (HRs) were integrated to evaluate the overall prognostic effect of RUNX2 on the LUAD patients. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of LUAD, the potential target genes of RUNX2, and its co-expressed genes were overlapped to obtain a set of specific genes for GO and KEGG enrichment analyses. RUNX2 overexpression in LUAD was validated using a large number of cases (2 418 LUAD and 1 574 non-tumor lung samples). The pooled SMD was 0.85 (95 % CI: 0.64-1.05) and the area under the curve (AUC) of the SROC was 0.86 (95 %CI: 0.83-0.89). The integrated HR was 1.20 [1.04-1.38], indicating that increased expression of RUNX2 was an independent risk factor for the poor survival of the LUAD patients. RUNX2 and its transcriptionally regulates potential target genes may promote cell proliferation and drug resistance of LUAD by modulating the cell cycle and MAPK signaling pathways. RUNX2 can provide new research directions for targeted drug therapy and drug resistance for LUAD treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Transcrição Genética/fisiologia , Regulação para Cima
12.
Cancer Biomark ; 29(1): 111-124, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623386

RESUMO

Interleukin 24 (IL24) has been documented to be highly expressed in several cancers, but its role in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unclarified. In this study, to reveal the function and its clinical significance of IL24 in LSCC, multiple detecting methods were used comprehensively. IL24 protein expression was remarkably higher in LSCC (n= 49) than non-cancerous laryngeal controls (n= 26) as detected by in-house immunohistochemistry. Meanwhile, the IL24 mRNA expression was also evaluated based on high throughput data from Gene Expression Omnibus, The Cancer Genome Atlas, ArrayExpress and Oncomine databases. Consistently with the protein level, IL24 mRNA expression level was also predominantly upregulated in LSCC (n= 172) compared to non-cancerous laryngeal tissues (n= 81) with the standard mean difference (SMD) being 1.25 and the area under the curve (AUC) of the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) being 0.89 (95% CI = 0.86-0.92). Furthermore, the related genes of IL24 and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of LSCC were intersected and sent for Gene ontology (GO) enrichment, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) analyses. In the GO annotation, the top terms of biological process (BP), cellular component (CC) and molecular function (MF) were extracellular matrix organization, extracellular matrix, cytokine activity, respectively. The top pathway of KEGG was ECM-receptor interaction. The PPI networks indicated the top hub genes of IL24-related genes in LSCC were SERPINE1, TGFB1, MMP1, MMP3, CSF2, and ITGA5. In conclusion, upregulating expression of IL24 may enhance the occurrence of LSCC, which owns prospect diagnostic ability and therapeutic significance in LSCC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Interleucinas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/genética , Humanos , Integrinas/genética , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/genética , MicroRNAs , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética
13.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e922854, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide, with low 5-year survival rate. To identify novel prognostic markers for OSCC and determine the immune and stromal landscape of OSCC, a risk signature for OSCC patients was constructed in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS Immune and stromal scores for OSCC samples from the Genomic Data Commons Data Portal were computed to delineate the tumor microenvironment landscape of oral cancer based on the Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignant Tumours using Expression data algorithm. An immune score-based risk signature was constructed by combining random forest and support vector machine methods. Correlation analysis of risk signature gene expression and immune cell infiltration was conducted, and the distinguishing power of individual signature genes was evaluated by analyzing receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. Differentially enriched pathways between high and low risk groups were investigated via gene set variation analysis. ROC curves were plotted for signature genes to examine their ability to distinguish the recurrence and survival status of OSCC patients from GSE84846. RESULTS An immune score-related risk signature composed of ARMH1, F2RL2, AC004687.1, COL6A5, AC008750.1, RAB19, CRLF2, GRIP2, and FAM162B performed well in the prognostic stratification of OSCC patients and could effectively distinguish their survival status. Lists of pathways, including cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and cell adhesion molecules displayed remarkable differential enrichment between high and low risk OSCC patients. CONCLUSIONS An immune score-based risk signature constructed presently may be useful to decide appropriate treatment options for individual OSCC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário/citologia , Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , RNA Mensageiro , RNA-Seq , Curva ROC , Receptores de Citocinas/genética , Receptores de Citocinas/imunologia , Medição de Risco , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Transcriptoma , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
14.
Comput Biol Chem ; 86: 107258, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma (THCA) is one of the most frequent endocrine cancers and has increasing morbidity. Annexin A2 (ANXA2) has been found to be highly expressed in various cancers; however, its expression level and potential mechanism in THCA remain unknown. This study investigated the clinicopathological value and primary molecular machinery of ANXA2 in THCA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Public RNA-sequencing and microarray data were obtained and analyzed with ANXA2 expression in THCA and corresponding non-cancerous thyroid tissue. A Pearson correlation coefficient calculation was used for the acquisition of ANXA2 coexpressed genes, while edgR, limma, and Robust Rank Aggregation were employed for differentially expressed gene (DEG) in THCA. The probable mechanism of ANXA2 in THCA was predicted by gene ontology and pathway enrichment. A dual-luciferase reporter assay was employed to confirm the targeting relationships between ANXA2 and its predicted microRNA (miRNA). RESULTS: Expression of ANXA2 was significantly upregulated in THCA tissues with a summarized standardized mean difference of 1.09 (P < 0.0001) based on 992 THCA cases and 589 cases of normal thyroid tissue. Expression of ANXA2 was related to pathologic stage. Subsequently, 1442 genes were obtained when overlapping 4542 ANXA2 coexpressed genes with 2248 DEGs in THCA; these genes were mostly enriched in pathways of extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, cell adhesion molecules, and complement and coagulation cascades. MiR-23b-3p was confirmed to target ANXA2 by dual-luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSIONS: Upregulated expression of ANXA2 may promote the malignant biological behavior of THCA by affecting the involving pathways or being targeted by miR-23b-3p.


Assuntos
Anexina A2/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Regulação para Cima
15.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(5): 1253-1262, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065261

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate a radiomic approach for the stratification of diffuse gliomas with distinct prognosis and provide additional resolution of their clinicopathological and molecular characteristics. METHODS: For this retrospective study, a total of 704 radiomic features were extracted from the multi-channel MRI data of 166 diffuse gliomas. Survival-associated radiomic features were identified and submitted to distinguish glioma subtypes using consensus clustering. Multi-layered molecular data were used to observe the different clinical and molecular characteristics between radiomic subtypes. The relative profiles of an array of immune cell infiltrations were measured gene set variation analysis approach to explore differences in tumor immune microenvironment. RESULTS: A total of 6 categories, including 318 radiomic features were significantly correlated with the overall survival of glioma patients. Two subgroups with distinct prognosis were separated by consensus clustering of radiomic features that significantly associated with survival. Histological stage and molecular factors, including IDH status and MGMT promoter methylation status were significant differences between the two subtypes. Furthermore, gene functional enrichment analysis and immune infiltration pattern analysis also hinted that the inferior prognosis subtype may more response to immunotherapy. CONCLUSION: A radiomic model derived from multi-parameter MRI of the gliomas was successful in the risk stratification of diffuse glioma patients. These data suggested that radiomics provided an alternative approach for survival estimation and may improve clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Feminino , Glioma/genética , Glioma/imunologia , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transcriptoma , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
16.
PeerJ ; 8: e8380, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32095320

RESUMO

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD), the most common subtype of pancreatic cancer, is a highly lethal disease. In this study, we integrated the expression profiles of splicing factors (SFs) of PAAD from RNA-sequencing data to provide a comprehensive view of the clinical significance of SFs. A prognostic index (PI) based on SFs was developed using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) COX analysis. The PI exhibited excellent performance in predicting the status of overall survival of PAAD patients. We also used the percent spliced in (PSI) value obtained from SpliceSeq software to quantify different types of alternative splicing (AS). The prognostic value of AS events was explored using univariate COX and LASSO COX analyses; AS-based PIs were also proposed. The integration of prognosis-associated SFs and AS events suggested the potential regulatory mechanisms of splicing processes in PAAD. This study defined the markedly clinical significance of SFs and provided novel insight into their potential regulatory mechanisms.

17.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(1): 152754, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787478

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer worldwide. However, the expression and potential mechanism of miR-375 in BC are still controversial. We first collected microRNA chips and microRNA sequencing data from multiple databases for analyzing the expression level of miR-375, and further exploring the target genes and underlying molecular mechanism in BC. miR-375 in BC was predominantly overexpressed compared with that in normal breast tissues (pooled standard mean difference [SMD] = 0.49; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 0.24-0.73, p < 0.0001). Meanwhile, the overall pooled area under the curve (AUC) in the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) of miR-375 was 0.83 (95 % CI = 0.79-0.86) based on 2928 cases of BC patients and 816 cases of controls, while the diagnostic positive likelihood ratio (DLR) positive and the DLR negative value were 3.90 (95 % CI = 2.46-6.19) and 0.39 (95 % CI = 0.28-0.54), respectively. The hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.29 (95 % CI = 1.04-1.6, P = 0.02) and 1.23 (95 % CI = 0.89-1.7, P = 0.22) for the cohorts of METABRIC and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). In vitro study demonstrated that miR-375 inhibitor could suppress the cell growth and induce apoptosis of BC cells. A total of 107 overlapping genes from microarrays after miR-375 transfection, the TCGA RNA sequencing, the microarrays of Affymetrix platform, and online predicting software were selected as the prospective targets of miR-375 in BC. Based on Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis, the potential targets of miR-375 were notable for their somatic stem cell division, plasma membrane, and proline-rich region binding. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway examination demonstrated that the targets were associated with the pathways of prion diseases, proteoglycans in cancer, and focal adhesion. Then, 107 targets of miR-375 in BC were used to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Finally, EGFR, PRKCA, PPARA, ADIPOQ, and ITSN1 were found to be the hub genes of miR-375. These targets showed negative correlations with miR-375 level. The upregulated miR-375 might play an essential part in the tumorigenesis and progression of BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Ativação Transcricional/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Curva ROC
18.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 12(11): 4041-4056, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The implication of miR-452-5p and its prospective machinery in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains largely unknown. For this reason, this study aimed to inspect the clinical implication of miR-452-5p expression in HCC tissues with multiple detection approaches, to analyze its potential function via in silico methods, and to validate this using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. METHODS: The assessment of the expression level of miR-452-5p in HCC was conducted via four methods: 1) in-house real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), 2) miRNA-sequencing (miRNA-seq) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), 3) miRNA microarrays from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and 4) comprehensive meta-analyses calculating the standard mean difference (SMD) and summary of receiver operator characteristic (sROC). Following the target prediction, one of the potential targets of miR-452-5p was validated through a dual-luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: MiR-452-5p was consistently elevated in HCC tissues via various detection methods, including in-house RT-qPCR, miRNA-seq, and miRNA microarrays. The final SMD was 0.842 for 820 cases of HCC samples. Simultaneously, the area under curve (AUC) of the sROC was 0.80 (0.76-0.83). The 1,135 predicted targets of miR-452-5p were enriched in the pathways of cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, carbon metabolism, and complement and coagulation cascades. Among these predicted targets, CDKN1B was verified to be a real target of miR-452-5p. CONCLUSION: The overexpression of miR-452-5p may play a pivotal role in the carcinogenesis of HCC via targeting multiple signaling pathways and genes. The function and molecular machinery of miR-452-5p in HCC requires further in-depth exploration.

19.
World J Surg Oncol ; 16(1): 22, 2018 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To examine the clinical value of miR-198-5p in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). METHODS: Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) microarray datasets were used to explore the miR-198-5p expression and its diagnostic value in LUSC. Real-time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the expression of miR-198-5p in 23 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) LUSC tissues and corresponding non-cancerous tissues. The correlation between miR-198-5p expression and clinic pathological features was assessed. Meanwhile, putative target messenger RNAs of miR-198-5p were identified based on the analysis of differentially expressed genes in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and 12 miRNA prediction tools. Subsequently, the putative target genes were sent to Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses. RESULTS: MiR-198-5p was low expressed in LUSC tissues. The combined standard mean difference (SMD) values of miR-198-5p expression based on GEO datasets were - 0.30 (95% confidence interval (CI) - 0.54, - 0.06) and - 0.39 (95% CI - 0.83, 0.05) using fixed effect model and random effect model, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity were not sufficiently high, as the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.7749 (Q* = 0.7143) based on summarized receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves constructed using GEO datasets. Based on the in-house RT-qPCR, miR-198-5p expression was 4.3826 ± 1.7660 in LUSC tissues and 4.4522 ± 1.8263 in adjacent normal tissues (P = 0.885). The expression of miR-198-5p was significantly higher in patients with early TNM stages (I-II) than that in cases with advanced TNM stages (III-IV) (5.4400 ± 1.5277 vs 3.5690 ± 1.5228, P = 0.008). Continuous variable-based meta-analysis of GEO and PCR data displayed the SMD values of - 0.26 (95% CI - 0.48, - 0.04) and - 0.34 (95% CI - 0.71, 0.04) based on fixed and random effect models, respectively. As for the diagnostic value of miR-198-5p, the AUC based on the SROC curve using GEO and PCR data was 0.7351 (Q* = 0.6812). In total, 542 genes were identified as the targets of miR-198-5p. The most enriched Gene Ontology terms were epidermis development among biological processes, cell junction among cellular components, and protein dimerization activity among molecule functions. The pathway of non-small cell lung cancer was the most significant pathway identified using Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis. CONCLUSION: The expression of miR-198-5p is related to the TNM stage. Thus, miR-198-5p might play an important role via its target genes in LUSC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC
20.
Med Sci Monit ; 23: 2453-2464, 2017 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28533502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most frequent lung cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are believed to have fundamental roles in tumorigenesis of LUAD. Although miRNAs are broadly recognized in LUAD, the role of microRNA-375 in LUAD is still not fully elucidated. MATERIAL AND METHODS We evaluated the significance of miR-375 expression in LUAD by using analysis of a public dataset from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and a literature review. Furthermore, we investigated the biological function of miR-375 by gene ontology enrichment and target prediction analysis. RESULTS MiR-375 expression was significantly higher in LUAD by TCGA data compared to normal lung tissue (p<0.0001). In addition, a common pattern of upregulation for miR-375 in LUAD was found in our review of the literature. A total of 682 genes, both LUAD-related and miR-375-related, were obtained from the analytical integration. Critical pathways were unveiled in the network analysis of the overlaps, such as pentose and glucuronate interconversions, ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, and starch and sucrose metabolism. Furthermore, we identified covert miR-375 associated genes that might participate in LUAD by network analysis, such as FGF2 (fibroblast growth factor 2), PAX6 (paired box 6), and RHOJ. The expression of these three genes were all downregulated in LUAD. Finally, FGF2 was revealed to be negatively correlated with miR-375 in LUAD (r=-0.1821, p=0.0001). CONCLUSIONS Overall, our study provides evidence that miR-375 is essential for the progression of LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biologia Computacional , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética
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