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1.
Rice (N Y) ; 14(1): 62, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224034

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent internal modification present in the mRNAs of all higher eukaryotes. However, the role of the m6A methylomes in rice is still poorly understood. With the development of the MeRIP-seq technique, the in-depth identification of mRNAs with m6A modification has become feasible. A study suggested that m6A modification is crucial for posttranscriptional regulation related to Cd2+-induced malignant transformation, but the association between m6A modification in plants and Cd tolerance has not been reported. We investigated the m6A methylomes in the roots of a cadmium (Cd)-treated group and compared them with the roots in the control (CK) group by m6A sequencing of cv. 9311 and cv. Nipponbare (NIP) plants. The results indicated that Cd leads to an altered modification profile in 3,406 differential m6A peaks in cv. 9311 and 2,065 differential m6A peaks in cv. NIP. KEGG pathway analysis of the genes with differentially modified m6A peaks indicated that the "phenylalanine", "tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis", "glycine", "adherens junctions", "glycerophospholipid metabolism" and "threonine metabolism" signalling pathways may be associated with the abnormal root development of cv. 9311 rice due to exposure to Cd. The "arginine", "proline metabolism", "glycerolipid", and "protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum" metabolism pathways were significantly enriched in genes with differentially modified m6A peaks in cv. NIP. Unlike that in Arabidopsis, the m6A-modified nucleotide position on mRNAs (m6A peak) distribution in rice exhibited a preference towards both the stop codon and 3' untranslated regions (3' UTRs). These findings provide a resource for plant RNA epitranscriptomic studies and further increase our knowledge on the function of m6A modification in RNA in plants.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9939134, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307679

RESUMO

COVID-19, a severe respiratory disease caused by a new type of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has been spreading all over the world. Patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 may have no pathogenic symptoms, i.e., presymptomatic patients and asymptomatic patients. Both patients could further spread the virus to other susceptible people, thereby making the control of COVID-19 difficult. The two major challenges for COVID-19 diagnosis at present are as follows: (1) patients could share similar symptoms with other respiratory infections, and (2) patients may not have any symptoms but could still spread the virus. Therefore, new biomarkers at different omics levels are required for the large-scale screening and diagnosis of COVID-19. Although some initial analyses could identify a group of candidate gene biomarkers for COVID-19, the previous work still could not identify biomarkers capable for clinical use in COVID-19, which requires disease-specific diagnosis compared with other multiple infectious diseases. As an extension of the previous study, optimized machine learning models were applied in the present study to identify some specific qualitative host biomarkers associated with COVID-19 infection on the basis of a publicly released transcriptomic dataset, which included healthy controls and patients with bacterial infection, influenza, COVID-19, and other kinds of coronavirus. This dataset was first analysed by Boruta, Max-Relevance and Min-Redundancy feature selection methods one by one, resulting in a feature list. This list was fed into the incremental feature selection method, incorporating one of the classification algorithms to extract essential biomarkers and build efficient classifiers and classification rules. The capacity of these findings to distinguish COVID-19 with other similar respiratory infectious diseases at the transcriptomic level was also validated, which may improve the efficacy and accuracy of COVID-19 diagnosis.

3.
Ann Am Thorac Soc ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288830

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The etiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) may play an important role in the failure of noninvasive ventilation (NIV). OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between ARDS etiology and risk of noninvasive ventilation failure. METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was performed in 17 ICUs in China from September 2017 to December 2019. Patients with ARDS who used NIV as a first-line therapy were enrolled. The etiology of ARDS was recorded at study entry. RESULTS: A total of 306 patients were enrolled. Of the patients, 146 were classified as having pulmonary ARDS (ARDSp) and 160 were classified as having extrapulmonary ARDS (ARDSexp). From initiation to 24 h of NIV, the respiratory rate, heart rate, PaO2/FiO2, and PaCO2 improved slower in patients with ARDSp than those with ARDSexp. Patients with ARDSp experienced more NIV failure (55% vs. 28%; p < 0.01) and higher 28-day mortality (47% vs. 14%; p < 0.01). The adjusted odds ratio of NIV failure and 28-day mortality were 5.47 (95%CI: 3.04-9.86) and 10.13 (95%CI: 5.01-20.46), respectively. In addition, we combined the presence of ARDSp, presence of septic shock, age, non-pulmonary SOFA score, respiratory rate at 1-2 h of NIV, and PaO2/FiO2 at 1-2 h of NIV to develop a risk score of NIV failure. With the increase of the risk score, the rate of NIV failure increased. Using 5.5 as cutoff value to predict NIV failure, the sensitivity and specificity was good both in training and validation cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with ARDS who used NIV as a first-line therapy, ARDSp was associated with slower improvement, more NIV failure, and higher 28-day mortality than ARDSexp. The risk score combined presence of ARDSp, presence of septic shock, age, non-pulmonary SOFA score, respiratory rate at 1-2 h of NIV, and PaO2/FiO2 at 1-2 h of NIV has high accuracy to predict NIV failure among ARDS population.

4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 6639-6647, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254802

RESUMO

Here, we report (C4H9)4NCuCl2 single crystals with a luminous intensity that remains largely the same after soaking in water for 24 h. (CH9)4NCuCl2 has a new type zero-dimensional framework, in which the isolated [CuCl2]- anions are wrapped by organic (C4H9)4N+ cations. As expected, (C4H9)4NCuCl2 shows a broad emission band at 508 nm with a photoluminescence quantum yield of approximately 82% at room temperature, stemming from self-trapped exciton (STE) emission. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence measurement reveals that there is an energy barrier ΔE (24.0 meV) between the intrinsic state and STE state, which leads to the increase in emission intensity with an increase in temperature (98-278 K), while the emission intensity begins to decrease when the temperature is higher than 278 K due to the effects of both thermal quenching and carrier scattering. Our findings provide a new idea for the design of lead-free anti-water stability metal halide materials.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 795: 148807, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237535

RESUMO

To stop the spread of COVID-19 (2019 novel coronavirus), China placed lockdown on social activities across China since mid-January 2020. The government actions significantly affected emissions of atmospheric pollutants and unintentionally created a nationwide emission reduction scenario. In order to assess the impacts of COVID-19 on fine particular matter (PM2.5) levels, we developed a "conditional variational autoencoder" (CVAE) algorithm based on the deep learning to discern unsupervised PM2.5 anomalies in Chines cities during the COVID-19 epidemic. We show that the timeline of changes in number of cities with unsupervised PM2.5 anomalies is consistent with the timeline of WHO's response to COVID-19. Using unsupervised PM2.5 anomaly as a time node, we examine changes in PM2.5 before and after the time node to assess the response of PM2.5 to the COVID-19 lockdown. The rate of decrease of PM2.5 around the time node in northern China is 3.5 times faster than southern China, and decreasing PM2.5 levels in southern China is 3.5 times of that in northern China. Results were also compared with anomalous PM2.5 occurring in Chinese's Spring Festival from 2017 to 2019, PM2.5 anomalies during around Chinese New Year in 2020 differ significantly from 2017 to 2019. We demonstrate that this method could be used to detect the response of air quality to sudden changes in social activities.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14583, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272412

RESUMO

Observational studies have shown that several risk factors are associated with cardioembolic stroke. However, whether such associations reflect causality remains unknown. We aimed to determine whether established and provisional cardioembolic risk factors are causally associated with cardioembolic stroke. Genetic instruments for atrial fibrillation (AF), myocardial infarction (MI), electrocardiogram (ECG) indices and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) were obtained from large genetic consortiums. Summarized data of ischemic stroke and its subtypes were extracted from the MEGASTROKE consortium. Causal estimates were calculated by applying inverse-variance weighted analysis, weighted median analysis, simple median analysis and Mendelian randomization (MR)-Egger regression. Genetically predicted AF was significantly associated with higher odds of ischemic stroke (odds ratio (OR): 1.20, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.16-1.24, P = 6.53 × 10-30) and cardioembolic stroke (OR: 1.95, 95% CI: 1.85-2.06, P = 8.81 × 10-125). Suggestive associations were found between genetically determined resting heart rate and higher odds of ischemic stroke (OR: 1.01, 95% CI: 1.00-1.02, P = 0.005), large-artery atherosclerotic stroke (OR: 1.02, 95% CI: 1.00-1.04, P = 0.026) and cardioembolic stroke (OR: 1.02, 95% CI: 1.00-1.04, P = 0.028). There was no causal association of P-wave terminal force in the precordial lead V1 (PTFVI), P-wave duration (PWD), NT-pro BNP or PR interval with ischemic stroke or any subtype.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 681646, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34276561

RESUMO

Spexin (SPX), a highly conserved neuropeptide, is known to have diverse functions and has been implicated/associated with pathological conditions, including obesity, diabetes, anorexia nervosa, and anxiety/mood disorders. Although most of the studies on SPX involved the mouse model, the solution structure of mouse SPX, structural aspects for SPX binding with its receptors GalR2/3, and its cellular expression/distribution in mouse tissues are largely unknown. Using CD and NMR spectroscopies, the solution structure of mouse SPX was shown to be in the form of a helical peptide with a random coil from Asn1 to Pro4 in the N-terminal followed by an α-helix from Gln5 to Gln14 in the C-terminus. The molecular surface of mouse SPX is largely hydrophobic with Lys11 as the only charged residue in the α-helix. Based on the NMR structure obtained, docking models of SPX binding with mouse GalR2 and GalR3 were constructed by homology modeling and MD simulation. The models deduced reveal that the amino acids in SPX, especially Asn1, Leu8, and Leu10, could interact with specific residues in ECL1&2 and TMD2&7 of GalR2 and GalR3 by H-bonding/hydrophobic interactions, which provides the structural evidence to support the idea that the two receptors can act as the cognate receptors for SPX. For tissue distribution of SPX, RT-PCR based on 28 tissues/organs harvested from the mouse demonstrated that SPX was ubiquitously expressed at the tissue level with notable signals detected in the brain, GI tract, liver, gonad, and adrenal gland. Using immunohistochemical staining, protein signals of SPX could be located in the liver, pancreas, white adipose tissue, muscle, stomach, kidney, spleen, gonad, adrenal, and hypothalamo-pituitary axis in a cell type-specific manner. Our results, as a whole, not only can provide the structural information for ligand/receptor interaction for SPX but also establish the anatomical basis for our on-going studies to examine the physiological functions of SPX in the mouse model.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(14)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298651

RESUMO

We explored the clinical value of 18F-FDG PET/MR in a head-to-head comparison with PET/CT in loco-regional recurrent and metastatic cervical lymph nodes of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients after comprehensive treatment. 18F-FDG PET/CT and neck PET/MR scans that were performed in DTC patients with suspected recurrence or cervical lymph node metastasis after comprehensive treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Detection rates, diagnostic efficacy, image conspicuity, and measured parameters were compared between 18F-FDG PET/CT and PET/MR. The gold standard was histopathological diagnosis or clinical and imaging follow-up results for more than 6 months. Among the 37 patients enrolled, no suspicious signs of tumor were found in 10 patients, 24 patients had lymph node metastasis, and 3 patients had both recurrence and lymph node metastases. A total of 130 lesions were analyzed, including 3 malignant and 6 benign thyroid nodules, as well as 74 malignant and 47 benign cervical lymph nodes. Compared with PET/CT, PET/MR presented better detection rates (91.5% vs. 80.8%), image conspicuity (2.74 ± 0.60 vs. 1.9 ± 0.50, p < 0.001, especially in complex level II), and sensitivity (80.5% vs. 61.0%). SUVmax differed in benign and malignant lymph nodes in both imaging modalities (p < 0.05). For the same lesion, the SUVmax, SUVmean, and diameters measured by PET/MR and PET/CT were consistent and had significant correlation. In conclusion, compared with 18F-FDG PET/CT, PET/MR was more accurate in determining recurrent and metastatic lesions, both from a patient-based and from a lesion-based perspective. Adding local PET/MR after whole-body PET/CT may be recommended to provide more precise diagnostic information and scope of surgical resection without additional ionizing radiation. Further scaling-up prospective studies and economic benefit analysis are expected.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318414

RESUMO

Microbial assisted phytoremediation and reclamation are both potential contaminated soil remediation technologies, but little is known about the combined application of the two technologies on real contaminated soils. This study investigated the potential of Herbaspirillum sp. p5-19 (p5-19) assisted with alien soil improvement on improving stress tolerance and enhancing the accumulation of Mn, Cu, Zn, and Cd by Vetiveria zizanioides L. in copper tailings. Phytoremediation potential was evaluated by plant biomass and the ability of plants to absorb and transfer heavy metals. Results showed that the biomass was increased by 19.64-173.81% in p5-19 inoculation treatments with and without alien soil improvement compared with control. Meanwhile, photosynthetic pigment contents were enhanced in co-inoculation treatment (p5-19 with alien soil improvement). In addition, the malondialdehyde (MDA) content was decreased, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), and catalase (CAT) were increased in p5-19 treatment, thereby alleviating the oxidative stress. Moreover, co-inoculation significantly (p < 0.05) increased the concentrations of Mn, Cu, Zn, and Cd in the roots and shoots of V. zizanioides. In particular, the highest concentrations of Mn, Zn, and Cd in the shoots (roots) were obtained in covering 10 cm combined with p5-19 inoculation treatment, which were 4.44- (2.71-), 4.73- (3.87-), and 5.93- (4.35-) fold as that of the controls, respectively. These results provided basis for the change of phytoremediation ability of V. zizanioides after inoculation. We concluded that p5-19 assisted with alien soil improvement was a potential strategy for enhancing phytoremediation ability in tailings.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196464

RESUMO

Cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) is correlated with a high risk of stroke and cognitive impairment. Previous studies between heart rate variability (HRV) and cSVD revealed paradoxical results. The authors aimed to investigate the relationship between HRV and cSVD using Mendelian randomization analysis. Genetic instruments for HRV were obtained from previous genome-wide association studies. They applied inverse variance-weighted analysis, weighted median analysis, simple median analysis, and Mendelian randomization-Egger regression to evaluate the associations of HRV with white matter hyperintensity (WMH) and small vessel stroke (SVS) in the UK Biobank neuroimaging dataset and the MEGASTROKE genome-wide association study dataset. Two genetically predicted traits of HRV (the root mean square of the successive differences of inter beat intervals [RMSSD] and the peak-valley respiratory sinus arrhythmia or high frequency power [pvRSA/HF]) were suggestively associated with WMH (ß 0.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.04-0.49, p = .02; ß 0.14, 95% CI 0.02-0.27, p = .03, respectively). Genetically predicted traits of HRV were not significantly associated with SVS. This study provides genetic support for a suggestive causal effect of HRV (RMSSD, pvRSA/HF) on WMH but not SVS.

12.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(3): 740-748, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269308

RESUMO

Context and Aims: The identification of inflammation-related prognostic heterogeneity in intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can reveal more effective first-line treatments. Our study aimed to compare the intermediate-stage HCC patients' different inflammation-based scores in predicting their progression-free survival (PFS) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Materials and Methods: We analyzed retrospectively a total of 128 intermediate-stage HCC patients who received first-line TACE treatment. We used the Cox-proportional hazards modeling to identify the independent prognostic factors. We compared the inflammation-based scores abilities to predict the PFS through the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves and area under the curves. Results: The multivariate analysis showed that tumor size and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were the independent prognostic factors for PFS (P < 0.05). The PLR predicted the intermediate-stage HCC patients' PFS receiving the TACE treatment better than other inflammation-based scores (e.g., the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), the modified GPS, the Prognostic Index, the Prognostic Nutritional Index, the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, and the systemic immune-inflammation index) (P < 0.05). An easy-to-use novel inflammation score based on tumor size - PLR-size score significantly improved the PFS prediction performance (P < 0.05). Conclusions: As a first-line treatment, TACE was not well suitable for all intermediate-stage HCC patients, while the PLR was a better inflammation-based score than others. Tumor size should be regarded as an essential variable in affecting intermediate-stage HCC patients' first-line treatment strategies.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; 797: 149113, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303976

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) as a hazardous air pollutant has raised widespread concerns due to its adverse and toxic effects on the ecological environment and human health. Here we integrated the multi-regional input-output (MRIO) model and an atmospheric transport model to examine regional environmental inequality (REI) index induced by Pb emission transfers, and to evaluate the impacts of interprovincial trade on regional atmospheric Pb concentrations and dry deposition fluxes in China in 2012. In 2012, approximately 57.4% ~ 72.6% of Pb emissions in well-developed eastern regions (Beijing-Tianjin, Yangtze River Delta (YRD)) and the southern seaboard of China were embodied in other regions in China subject to the demands from these well-developed regions to industrial products and services. Our results, based on the net virtual flows of Pb emission and value-added, indicate that most provinces in the eastern seaboard of China outsource Pb emission and benefit from the interprovincial trade by reducing their Pb emissions. REI indexes show that the well-developed Guangdong province outsources its Pb emission but has low economic gains. Many less-developed provinces in central China enhance virtual Pb emission inflow but have high economic gains. Whereas, inland provinces in western China not only experience Pb emission increase, but also suffer from indirect economic loss due to trade with well-developed provinces to meet their increasing demands to Pb emission abundant industrial products from these provinces in eastern China which are mostly provided by less-developed but energy and mineral product abundant provinces in western China. For example, the province pair with highest REI index was Jiangsu-Inner Mongolia (REI = 2.47), which revealed that Jiangsu was the largest beneficiary which exported 37.2 t of net Pb emission and gained value-added of 521.4 billion RMB through trade with Inner Mongolia which suffered from both virtual Pb inflow and economic loss in 2012. As a result of interprovincial trade, Pb dry deposition in central and eastern China was decreased but increased in western China. Overall, interprovincial trade reduced 17.6% of atmospheric Pb dry deposition in China.

14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(8): 3743-3752, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309260

RESUMO

The sources and spatial variations of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in summer water of inflow rivers (FL, HB, QY, ZH, and NF) along the Chaohu Lake watershed were analyzed using the ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum (UV-vis) method and three-dimensional excitation emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy-parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC). The specific ultraviolet absorbance of DOM at 254 nm in the NF river was lower than in other rivers, and the spectral slope ratio (SR) of the NF river was higher than that of the HB river. This showed that the urban runoff inputs reduce the aromaticity of DOM in the NF river water, but has little effect on the molecular weight. The high fluorescence index (FI) and biological index, and the low humification index, indicated the main autochthonous sources of the DOM in the NF river. Four humic-like components (C1-C4), comprising terrestrial organic matter (C1, C3, and C4) and microbial degradation products (C2), and two protein-like components (C5 and C6) were identified as the main sources of DOM in the inflow rivers along the Chaohu Lake watershed. The dissolved organic carbon and DOM fluorescence components in the river water exhibited spatial variation along the direction of flow. The DOM in water from FL, HB, QY, and ZH was sourced from soil runoff inputs, whereas in NF water, it was mainly sourced from urban runoff and wastewater treatment plant effluents.


Assuntos
Lagos , Rios , Lagos/análise , Estações do Ano , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água , Qualidade da Água
15.
Nonlinear Dyn ; : 1-14, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092918

RESUMO

This paper studies an SEIR-type epidemic model with time delay and vaccination control. The vaccination control is applied when the basic reproduction number R 0 > 1 . The vaccination strategy is expressed as a state delayed feedback which is related to the current and previous state of the epidemic model, and makes the model become a linear system in new coordinates. For the presence and absence of vaccination control, we investigate the nonnegativity and boundedness of the model, respectively. We obtain some sufficient conditions for the eigenvalues of the linear system such that the nonnegativity of the epidemic model can be guaranteed when the vaccination strategy is applied. In addition, we study the stability of disease-free equilibrium when R 0 < 1 and the persistent of disease when R 0 > 1 . Finally, we use the obtained theoretical results to simulate the vaccination strategy to control the spread of COVID-19.

16.
Pharmazie ; 76(6): 244-248, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078517

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on osteoclast differentiation and apoptosis. Low concentration of metformin inhibited osteoclast differentiation and downregulated the expression of TRAP, RANK, Cathepsink, NFATC-1, MMP-9 and TRAF-6. High concentration of metformin promoted osteoclast apoptosis and upregulated the expression of Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3; BV/TV, BS/TV, Tb.N and BMD were increased while Tp.Sp decreased in the group of intraperitoneal metformin+femoral intramedullary osteoclast injection (Met+OC) compared with the control group, 1 nM metformin downregulated Akt, p44/42 MAPK, JNK, p38 MAPK phosphorylation, 5 nM metformin down regulated ERK and Akt phosphorylation. These results suggest that a low concentration of metformin inhibits osteoclast differentiation through PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK signaling pathway; high concentrations of metformin promote osteoclast apoptosis through PI3K/Akt and ERK signaling pathway.

17.
Langmuir ; 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080866

RESUMO

π-Stacking is common in materials, but different π-π stacking modes remarkably affect the properties and performances of materials. In particular, weak interactions, π-stacking and hydrogen bonding, often have a great impact on the stability and sensitivity of high-energetic compounds. Therefore, several of energetic materials based on 1,1'-dihydroxyazotetrazole (1) with a nearly flat structure, such as the salts of aminoguanidine (2), 1,3-diaminoguanidine (3), imidazole (4), pyrazole (5) and triaminoguanidine (6), and a cocrystal of 2-methylimidazole (7), were designed and synthesized. Based on single-crystal diffraction data, thermal decomposition behaviors, and the mechanical sensitivity test, the compounds of 4, 5, and 7 with face-to-face π-π stacking display outstanding thermal stability and insensitivity.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 790: 148083, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091330

RESUMO

Debris flows are a common natural trigger of disasters in mountainous areas, and check dams are standard structural measures for controlling debris flows. Despite their prevalence in debris flow-prone areas worldwide, the capacity of check dams is still calculated using empirical formulas, which lead to large calculation errors. This paper proposes a new method that uses GIS to calculating the design storage capacity of a check dam in the debris flow-prone Cutou Gully in Wenchuan County, China. Large-scale digital surface models derived from unmanned aerial vehicle imagery and ground surveys identify local topographic changes in the debris flow path and develop appropriate maintenance plans for check dams. The measured storage capacity of the check dam is determined by analyzing the DEM differences. This study uses the newly proposed method to calculate the design storage capacity of the check dam. The accuracy of the calculation results was evaluated using the checkpoint method, and the results showed that the design and measured siltation surface errors ranged from -1.16-2.96 m, with a root mean square error of 0.93 m. The design capacity of the check dam is 33.6× 104 m3, and the actual capacity is 36.7× 104 m3, with an absolute error of 3.1× 104 m3 and relative error of 8.6%. The results prove the validity of the proposed calculation method; moreover, this study shows that the new method is accurate, easy to operate, and highly efficient for visualizing the spatial distribution of the siltation depth behind the check dam. This work will help improve future engineering decisions, design strategies, and find optimal design solutions to minimize the risk of debris flow hazards.

19.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13634, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152010

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has shown that poor oral hygiene is associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases in Western populations. However, its relevance about the relationships in Chinese adults remains unclear. The China Kadoorie Biobank enrolled 512 715 adults aged 30-79 years in China during 2004-2008. Cox regression was used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for each disease associated with measures of oral hygiene. Overall 9.3% of the participants reported rarely or never brushing teeth at baseline. Participants who rarely or never brushed teeth had adjusted HR of 1.12 (95% CI: 1.09, 1.15) for MVE, with similar HRs for stroke (1.08, 1.05-1.12), intracerebral haemorrhage (1.18, 1.11-1.26) and pulmonary heart disease (1.22, 1.13-1.32) compared with those who brushed teeth regularly. Those who did not brush teeth also had increased risk of cancer (1.09, 1.04-1.14), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (1.12, 1.05-1.20), liver cirrhosis (1.25, 1.09-1.44) and all-cause death (1.25, 1.21-1.28) but not type 2 diabetes (0.94, 0.86-1.03) and chronic kidney disease (0.98, 0.81-1.18). Among Chinese adults, we found that poor oral hygiene is associated with higher risks of major vascular disease, cancer, COPD, liver cirrhosis and all-cause deaths, but not type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease.

20.
Int J Gynecol Pathol ; 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166278

RESUMO

While most ovarian follicle cysts are <8 cm in greatest dimension, much larger follicle cysts (up to 18.5 cm) have been reported. To our knowledge, the FOXL2 mutation status of such cases has not been documented in the literature. Here, we report the features of a 14 cm ovarian cyst with no FOXL2 mutation detected by targeted next-generation sequencing. While adult granulosa cell tumor was the chief entity in our differential diagnosis, the absence of convincing nuclear grooves, lack of architectural variability, presence of a theca layer, and absence of FOXL2 mutation were consistent with a diagnosis of ovarian follicle cyst.

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