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1.
J Neuroinflammation ; 17(1): 288, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence has shown that alterations in the gut microbiota composition were associated with a variety of neuropsychiatric conditions. However, whether such associations reflect causality remains unknown. We aimed to reveal the causal relationships among gut microbiota, metabolites, and neuropsychiatric disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and schizophrenia (SCZ). METHODS: A two-sample bi-directional Mendelian randomization analysis was performed by using genetic variants from genome-wide association studies as instrumental variables for gut microbiota, metabolites, AD, MDD, and SCZ, respectively. RESULTS: We found suggestive associations of host-genetic-driven increase in Blautia (OR, 0.88; 95%CI, 0.79-0.99; P = 0.028) and elevated γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (0.96; 0.92-1.00; P = 0.034), a downstream product of Blautia-dependent arginine metabolism, with a lower risk of AD. Genetically increased Enterobacteriaceae family and Enterobacteriales order were potentially associated with a higher risk of SCZ (1.09; 1.00-1.18; P = 0.048), while Gammaproteobacteria class (0.90; 0.83-0.98; P = 0.011) was related to a lower risk for SCZ. Gut production of serotonin was potentially associated with an increased risk of SCZ (1.07; 1.00-1.15; P = 0.047). Furthermore, genetically increased Bacilli class was related to a higher risk of MDD (1.07; 1.02-1.12; P = 0.010). In the other direction, neuropsychiatric disorders altered gut microbiota composition. CONCLUSIONS: These data for the first time provide evidence of potential causal links between gut microbiome and AD, MDD, and SCZ. GABA and serotonin may play an important role in gut microbiota-host crosstalk in AD and SCZ, respectively. Further investigations in understanding the underlying mechanisms of associations between gut microbiota and AD, MDD, and SCZ are required.

2.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 44(5): 453-456, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the preventing infection measures of new coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) patients during mechanical ventilation, and to provide reference for the safe application of mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Retrieved from PubMed, Ovid and other databases, and combined with the application experience of mechanical ventilation were collected to explore the preventing infection measures of COVID-19 patients during mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: This paper put forward the preventing infection measures of external circuit, internal circuit, outer surface, filter and special parts in ventilator. The preventing infection measures of sputum suction and nebulization were summarized. CONCLUSIONS: The preventing infection measures of COVID-19 patients during mechanical ventilation are successfully completed, which can provide suggestions for the application and maintenance of mechanical ventilation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Respiração Artificial , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Ventiladores Mecânicos
3.
Langmuir ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054235

RESUMO

The shape of objects has a strong influence on their dynamics. Here, we present comparative studies of two different motile objects, spherical Ag/AgCl Janus particles and polystyrene Janus nanorods, that move due to an ionic self-diffusiophoretic propulsion mechanism when exposed to blue light. In this paper, we propose a method to fabricate Janus rodlike particles with high aspect ratios and hemispherical tip shapes. The inherent asymmetry due to the ratio between capped and uncapped parts of the particles as well as the shape anistropy of Janus nanorods enables imaging and quantification of rotational dynamics. The dynamics of microswimmers are compared in terms of velocities and diffusion coefficients. We observe that despite a small amount of the Ag/AgCl reagent on the surface of rodlike objects, these new Janus micromotors reveal high motility in pure water. While the velocities of spherical particles reach 4.2 µm/s, the single rodlike swimmers reach 1.1 µm/s, and clusters reach 1.6 µm/s. The effect of suppressed rotational diffusion is discussed as one of the reasons for the increased velocities. These Janus micro- and nanomotors hold the promise for application in light-controlled propulsion transport.

4.
Lupus ; : 961203320959716, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028176

RESUMO

Although the original purpose of the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) classification criteria was to distinguish SLE from other mimic diseases, and to facilitate sample selection in scientific research, they have become widely used as diagnostic criteria in clinical situations. It is not known yet if regarding classification criteria as diagnostic criteria, what problems might be encountered? This is the first study comparing the three sets of classification criteria for SLE, the 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR'97), 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC'12) and 2019 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR'19), for their ability to distinguish patients with SLE from patients with pure mucocutaneous manifestations (isolated cutaneous lupus erythematosus without internal disease, i-CLE) in the lupus disease spectrum. 1,865 patients with SLE and 232 patients with i-CLE were recruited from a multicenter study. We found that, due to low specificity, none of the three criteria are adept at distinguishing patients with SLE from patients with i-CLE. SLICC'12 performed best among the original three criteria, but if a positive ANA was removed as an entry criterion, EULAR/ACR'19 would performed better. A review of previous studies that compared the three sets of criteria was presented in this work.

5.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 143, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective management of imported cases is an important part of epidemic prevention and control. Hainan Province, China reported 168 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including 112 imported cases on February 19, 2020, but successfully contained the epidemic within 1 month. We described the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in Hainan and compared these features between imported and local cases to provide information for other international epidemic areas. METHODS: We included 91 patients (56 imported and 35 local cases) from two designated hospitals for COVID-19 in Haikou, China, from January 20 to February 19, 2020. Data on the demographic, epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics were extracted from medical records. Patients were followed until April 21, 2020, and the levels of antibodies at the follow-ups were also analysed by the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed ranks test. RESULTS: Of the 91 patients, 78 (85.7%) patients were diagnosed within the first three weeks after the first case was identified (Day 1: Jan 22, 2020), while the number of local cases started to increase during the third week. No new cases occurred after Day 29. Fever and cough were two main clinical manifestations. In total, 15 (16.5%) patients were severe, 14 (15.4%) had complicated infections, nine (9.9%) were admitted to the intensive care unit, and three died. The median duration of viral shedding in feces was longer than that in nasopharyngeal swabs (19 days vs 16 days, P = 0.007). Compared with local cases, imported cases were older and had a higher incidence of fever and concurrent infections. There was no difference in outcomes between the two groups. IgG was positive in 92.8% patients (77/83) in the follow-up at week 2 after discharge, while 88.4% patients (38/43) had a reduction in IgG levels in the follow-up at week 4 after discharge, and the median level was lower than that in the follow-up at week 2 (10.95 S/Cut Off (S/CO) vs 15.02 S/CO, P <  0.001). CONCLUSION: Imported cases were more severe than local cases but had similar prognoses. The level of IgG antibodies declined from week 6 to week 8 after onset. The short epidemic period in Hainan suggests that the epidemic could be quickly brought under control if proper timely measures were taken.

6.
Food Chem ; : 128340, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069536

RESUMO

The inhibition effect of urea on ovalbumin (OVA) glycation was investigated, and the mechanism was evaluated through the changes in protein structure as well as glycation sites and average degree of substitution per peptide molecule (DSP) by conventional spectrometry and liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS). A urea concentration of 3 M was chosen as the optimum condition. Ultraviolet and fluorescence spectra suggested that both glycation and urea treatment could unfold the OVA, but urea inhibited the glycation-induced protein unfolding. Circular dichroism spectra showed that urea treatment could increase the ß-sheet content and reduce the α-helix content of OVA. LC-HRMS indicated that the number of glycation sites was reduced from 15 to 3, and DSP values decreased with urea treatment. In conclusion, urea could significantly inhibit the OVA-glucose glycation, and the sites competition as well as structure unfolding inhibition resulted from urea could be the main factors.

7.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2048, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072070

RESUMO

Combination therapy with inhibitors of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein (CTLA)4 and programmed death (PD)-1 has demonstrated efficacy in cancer patients. However, there is little information on CTLA4 and PD-1 expression levels and their clinical significance across diverse cancers. In this study, we addressed this question by analyzing PD-1 and CTLA4 levels in 33 different types of cancer along with their prognostic significance using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia datasets. Liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) patients receiving cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK) immunotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University cancer center were enrolled for survival analysis. The correlation between PD-1/CTLA4 expression and cancer immunity was also analyzed. The results showed that PD-1 and CTLA4 transcript levels varied across cancer cell lines, with aberrant expression detected in certain cancer types; Kaplan-Meier analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model showed that this was closely related to overall survival in breast invasive carcinoma, glioblastoma multiforme, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, acute myeloid leukemialymphoma, uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma, and uveal melanoma in TCGA. High serum PD-1 and CTLA4 levels predicted better survival in LIHC patients receiving CIK therapy. PD-1 and CTLA4 levels were found to be significantly correlated with the degree of tumor cell infiltration using Tumor Immune Estimation Resource, Estimating Relative Subsets of RNA Transcripts, and Estimation of Stromal and immune Cells in Malignant Tumor Tissues Using Expression Data as well as with tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte marker expression; they were also related to tumor mutation burden, microsatellite instability, mismatch repair, and the expression of DNA methyltransferases in some cancer types. Gene set enrichment analysis of 33 cancer types provided further evidence for associations between PD-1/CTLA4 levels and cancer development and immunocyte infiltration. Thus, PD-1 and CTLA4 play important roles in tumorigenesis and tumor immunity and can serve as prognostic biomarkers in different cancer types.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970176

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: AtMYB2 protein represses the formation of axillary meristems in response to environmental stresses so that plants can undergo a shorter vegetative development stage under environmental stresses. Shoot branching is an important event determined by endogenous factors during the development of plants. The formation of axillary meristem is also significantly repressed by environmental stresses and the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. The REGULATOR OF AXILLARY MERISTEMS (RAX) genes encode the R2R3 MYB transcription factors that have been shown to regulate the formation of axillary meristems in Arabidopsis. The AtMYB2 is also a member of R2R3 MYB gene family whose expression is usually induced by the environmental stresses. In this study, our results showed that AtMYB2 protein plays a pivotal negative regulatory role in the formation of axillary meristem. AtMYB2 is mainly expressed in the leaf axils as that of RAX1. The environmental stresses can increase the expression of AtMYB2 protein which further inhibits the expression of RAX1 gene by binding to its promoter. Therefore, AtMYB2 protein represses the formation of axillary meristems in response to environmental stresses so that plants can undergo a shorter vegetative development stage under environmental stresses.

9.
Waste Manag Res ; : 734242X20953491, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907511

RESUMO

Co-digestion of sewage sludge with food waste is a beneficial pathway for sewage plants to enhance their biogas yield. This paper employs hybrid programming with system dynamics simulation to optimize such a co-digestion system from the perspective of demand-oriented biogas supply chain, thus to improve the efficiency of the biogas utilization. The optimum operational parameters of the co-digestion system are derived from the simulation model. It is demonstrated that the demand-oriented biogas supply mechanism can be effectively driven under market-oriented incentive policy. For better compensation of the external cost to assist the operations of the co-digestion supply chain, it is suggested that the substrate collection and transportation subsidy should be combined with the renewables portfolio standard to be implemented as the optimum incentives. The limitations of the study are discussed to lay the foundation for future improvements.

10.
Neurotox Res ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915414

RESUMO

Aluminum oxide nanoparticles (nano-aluminum) have been known to be widespread in the environment for decades. Exposure to nano-aluminum may impair learning and memory, but the potential mechanism has not yet been elucidated. In neurons, efficient clearance of damaged mitochondria through mitophagy plays an important role in mitochondrial energy supply, neuronal survival, and health. However, abnormal mitophagy induces accumulation of damaged mitochondria, which induces cellular dysfunction, contributing to the impairment of learning and memory. It is currently unclear whether nano-aluminum interferes with the function of nerve cells through mitophagy, leading to learning and memory disorders. Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) female mice were randomly divided into four groups, and treated with normal saline (control) and 50 nm nano-aluminum at concentrations of 25, 50, and 75 mg/kg for 30 days. Our results showed that exposure to nano-aluminum impaired the spatial learning and memory of mice. Superoxide dismutase levels decreased, whereas the levels of malondialdehyde increased. Moreover, there were significant pathological changes in the ultra-structure and function of mitochondria. Finally, expression of autophagy-related proteins LC3-II and Beclin-1 was upregulated and p62 expression decreased, but the expression of apoptotic and necrosis-related proteins had no significant difference among groups. Our results suggest that learning and memory impairment induced by nano-aluminum could be related to mitophagy.

11.
Am J Epidemiol ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875324

RESUMO

It is well known that alcohol consumption is associated with type 2 diabetes. However, the association between age of alcohol onset (AAO) and drinking duration with type 2 diabetes among Chinese adults is not fully understood. Our study was based on the data from the China Kadoorie Biobank, which included 512,712 participants aged 30-79 years in China from 2004-2008. Cox proportional-hazard model was used to estimate the association between AAO and drinking duration with type 2 diabetes. After adjustment for potential covariates, 18.1 ≤ AAO ≤ 29.0, 29.1 ≤ AAO ≤ 39.0 and AAO > 39.0 were associated with 22% (95%CI: 14%, 30%), 25% (95%CI: 17%, 33%) and 32% (95%CI: 24%, 39%) lower hazard ratio of type 2 diabetes, compared with abstainer, respectively. Drinking duration < 10.1, 10.1 ≤ duration ≤ 20.0, and 20.1 ≤ duration ≤ 30.0 were associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, compared with abstainer. Among weekly drinkers, AAO < 18.1 and drinking duration>30.0 were associated with 18% (95%CI: 9%, 33%) and 20% (95%CI: 3%, 40%) higher hazard ratio of type 2 diabetes, compared with 18.1 ≤ AAO ≤ 29.0 and drinking duration < 10.1, respectively. In conclusion, a decrease risk of type 2 diabetes was associated with a late AAO and a short drinking duration in the largest prospective cohort of Chinese adults. But early AAO and long drinking duration was not associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885590

RESUMO

The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG1 has been shown to be implicated in the progression of multiple human carcinomas. Nevertheless, the biological functions and potential mechanism of SNHG1 in bladder cancer (BC) are uncharacterized. In the present study, SNHG1 was found to be substantially up-regulated in BC tissues and cells and was intimately correlated with the TNM stage, lymphatic invasion, metastasis and recurrence-free survival in BC patients. Down-regulation of SNHG1 dramatically attenuated the proliferation, migration and invasion of BC cells, whereas the ectopic overexpression of SNHG1 had the opposite effects in vitro. The in vivo experimental results also indicated that SNHG1 down-regulation hampered the tumour growth and metastasis of BC cells. Mechanistic investigations revealed that SNHG1 enhances HK2 expression by serving as an endogenous sponge to regulate miR-143-3p in the cytoplasm of BC cells. In the nucleus, SNHG1 could interact with EZH2 and regulate the histone methylation of the CDH1 promoter, altering the biological behaviours of BC cells. Overall, these findings elucidate an oncologic role of SNHG1 in BC and provide a new therapeutic strategy against BC.

13.
Neural Plast ; 2020: 9814978, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879625

RESUMO

It was not clear how and whether neural stem cells (NSCs) responded to toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in the inflammatory environment after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The current study investigated the correlation of TLR2 and NSC proliferation in the dentate gyrus (DG) using the TBI model of rats. Immunofluorescence (IF) was used to observe the expression of BrdU, nestin, and TLR2 in the DG in morphology. Proliferating cells in the DG were labelled by thymidine analog 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU). Three-labelled BrdU, nestin, and DAPI was used for the identification of newly generated NSCs. Western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to observe the expression of TLR2 from the level of protein and mRNA. We observed that BrdU+/nestin+/DAPI+ cells accounted for 84.30% ± 6.54% among BrdU+ cells; BrdU+ and nestin+ cells in the DG were also TLR2+ cells. BrdU+ cells and the expression of TLR2 (both protein and mRNA levels) both elevated immediately at 6 hours (h), 24 h, 3 days (d), and 7 d posttrauma and peaked in 3 d. Results indicated that TLR2 was expressed on proliferating cells in the DG (NSCs possibly) and there was a potential correlation between increased TLR2 and proliferated NSCs after TBI. Taken together, these findings suggested that TLR2 was involved in endogenous neurogenesis in the DG after TBI.

14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958873

RESUMO

Hedgehog plays an important role in a wide range of physiological and pathological conditions. Paracrine activation of Hedgehog pathway in stromal cells increases the expression of VEGF, which promotes neovascularization in colorectal cancer and ultimately the growth of colorectal cancer. Berberine (BBR) has anticancer activity. In this study we investigated whether BBR inhibited the growth of colon cancer through suppressing the paracrine sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling in vitro and in vivo. We showed that BBR (1-10 µM) dose-dependently inhibited the secretion and expression of SHH protein in HT-29 and SW480 cells. BBR did not influence the transcription of SHH, but promoted the degradation of SHH mRNA, thus decreased the SHH mRNA expression in the colorectal cancer cells. In nude mice bearing HT-29 xenograft, oral administration of BBR (100 mg · kg-1 · d-1) or a positive control drug GDC-0449 (100 mg · kg-1 · d-1) for 4 weeks markedly suppressed the growth of HT-29 tumor with BBR exhibiting a better antitumor efficacy. The tumor growth inhibition caused by BBR or GDC-0449 was comparable to their respective inhibitory effect on the mouse-specific Gli mRNA expression in the tumor. However, BBR (20 µM) did not affect the expression of human transcription factor Gli1 mRNA in HT-29 and SW480 cells. In conclusion, BBR promotes the degradation of SHH mRNA in colorectal cancer cells, interrupting the paracrine Hedgehog signaling pathway activity thus suppresses the colorectal cancer growth. This study reveals a novel molecular mechanism underlying the anticancer action of BBR.

15.
J Texture Stud ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944957

RESUMO

This study mainly evaluated the physical properties of kafirin-quercetin (KQ) edible films and their application on the quality of cod fillets during cold storage. The results showed that the addition of quercetin significantly increased mechanical properties of KQ films, while decreased water vapor permeability, water solubility, and transparency. As quercetin was 0.4% (wt/vol), the film had the highest tensile strength (4.96 ± 1.23 MPa), the lowest water vapor permeability (1.08 ± 0.09 g·mm·m-2 ·h·KPa-1 ) and water solubility (22.02 ± 0.45%). Moreover, compared with the pure kafirin and polythylene films, KQ films could effectively inhibit the cod meat deterioration by restraining the growth of microorganisms and decreasing TVB-N and TBARs. The KQ0.4% film was the best to prolong the shelf life of cod fillets during cold storage. Therefore, KQ edible films could be used as a potential food packaging material to protect and retain the quality of aquatic products.

16.
Genomics ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919019

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cardiovascular disease. CAD research has greatly progressed during the past decade. mRNA is a traditional and popular pipeline to investigate various disease, including CAD. Compared with mRNA, lncRNA has better stability and thus may serve as a better disease indicator in blood. Investigating potential CAD-related lncRNAs and mRNAs will greatly contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of CAD. In this study, a computational analysis was conducted on patients with CAD by using a comprehensive transcription dataset with combined mRNA and lncRNA expression data. Several machine learning algorithms, including feature selection methods and classification algorithms, were applied to screen for the most CAD-related RNA molecules. Decision rules were also reported to provide a quantitative description about the effect of these RNA molecules on CAD progression. These new findings (CAD-related RNA molecules and rules) can help understand mRNA and lncRNA expression levels in CAD.

17.
J Ovarian Res ; 13(1): 104, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917247

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a newly discovered class of endogenous non-coding RNAs that play an important role in growth and development by regulating gene expression and participating in a variety of biological processes. However, the role of circRNAs in porcine follicles remains unclear. Therefore, this study examined middle-sized ovarian follicles obtained from Meishan and Duroc sows at day 4 of the follicular phase. High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was utilized to construct circRNAs, and differential expression was identified. The findings were validated using reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and DNA sequencing, GO and KEGG analyses were performed, and potential miRNA targets were identified. The RNA-seq identified a total of 15,866 circRNAs, with 244 differentially expressed in the Meishan relative to the Duroc (111 up-regulated and 133 down-regulated). The RT-PCR finding confirmed the RNA-seq results, and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analysis examining a subset of the circRNAs showed that they are resistant to RNase R digestion. Bioinformatics analysis (GO and KEGG) showed that the host genes associated with the differentially expressed circRNAs are involved in reproduction and follicular development signaling pathways. Furthermore, many of the circRNAs were found to interact with miRNAs that are associated with follicular development. This study presents a new perspective for studying circRNAs and provides a valuable resource for further examination into the potential roles of circRNAs in porcine follicular development.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939591

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Research suggested that bone is the specific target organ for breast cancer metastasis. The related tumor causes significant morbidity due to a reduction in quality of life and physical function. Increased osteoclast function is implicated in the bone microenvironment during the outgrowth of breast cancer. In the present experimental study, we examined the potential bone-protective effect of baicalin osteotropic breast Cancer and explored the possible mechanism of action. METHODS: In vitro cell viability effect of baicalin was assessed on the breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7). We also estimated the in vitro osteoclast and bone resorption. Further, baicalin-regulated osteoblastogenesis and osteoclastogenesis were also estimated in vitro. Finally, the role of the baicalin in the expansion of osteolytic bone disease was scrutinized in a breast cancer bone metastases model. RESULTS: Baicalin significantly (p < 0.001) downregulated the viability of murine and human cancer cell lines and diminished the osteoclastogenesis of osteoclast progenitors via estimation with the help of qRT-PCR. Baicalin showed the downregulation in the mRNA expression of OCN and ALP. Baicalin reduced the TRAP-positive cells in the presence of RANKL. Baicalin considerably upregulated the cytochrome c secretion into the cytoplasm. Baicalin markedly increased the DNA fragmentation, caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9. Baicalin significantly (p < 0.001) reduced the metastatic growth of MDA-MB-231 cells,preserving the bone mass in a bone metastasis model. CONCLUSION: Collectively, we can conclude that these results highlight the bone-protective effect of baicalin, which also highlighted the anti-tumor effect; further research is needed into the likely effects on bone health in the bone metastases and osteoporosis populations, such as post-menopausal women with breast cancer.

19.
Value Health ; 23(9): 1225-1234, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute kidney disease (AKD) are a continuum on a disease spectrum and frequently progress to chronic kidney disease. Benefits of nephrologist subspecialty care during the AKD period after AKI are uncertain. METHODS: Patients with AKI requiring dialysis who subsequently became dialysis independent and survived for at least 90 days, defined as the AKD period, were identified from the Taiwanese population's health insurance database. Cox proportional hazard models using death as the competing risk before and after propensity-score matching were applied to evaluate various endpoints. RESULTS: Among a total of 20 260 patients with AKI requiring dialysis who became dialysis independent, only 7550 (37.3%) patients were followed up with by a nephrologist (F/Unephrol group) during the AKD period. During a mean 4.04 ± 3.56 years of follow-up, the patients in the F/Unephrol group were more often administered statin, antihypertensives, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB), diuretics, antiplatelet agents, and antidiabetic agents. The patients in the F/Unephrol group had a lower mortality rate (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.87, P < .001) and were less likely to have major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (subdistribution HR [sHR] = 0.85, P < .001), congestive heart failure (CHF) (sHR = 0.81, P < .001), and severe sepsis (sHR = 0.88, P = .008) according to the Cox proportional model after adjusting for mortality as a competing risk. During the AKD period, an increase in the frequency of nephrology visits was associated with improved outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In this population-based cohort, even after weaning off acute dialysis, only a minority of patients visited a nephrologist during the AKD period. We showed that nephrology follow-up is associated with a decrease in MACE, CHF exacerbations, and sepsis, as well as lower mortality; thus it may improve outcomes in patients with AKD.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Nefrologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Taiwan/epidemiologia
20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 711, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium bovis could infect patients with immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive conditions via Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination. Tuberculosis-related hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is reported, but not HPS caused by Mycobacterium bovis in children. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-month Chinese boy presented fever and cough. The initial laboratory investigation showed the lymphocyte count of 0.97 × 109/L, which decreased gradually. HPS was diagnosed based on the test results that fulfilled the HLH-2004 criteria. In addition, Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex was detected from his peripheral blood via metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and M. bovis was identified by polymerase chain reaction-reverse dot blot (PCR-RDB). Thus, the patient was treated with Isoniazid, Rifampin, and Pyrazinamide, but not improved. However, parents refused to accept further therapy, and was discharged on the day 12 of admission. To confirm the pathogenesis, genetic analysis was performed. Mutation in the interleukin-2 receptor subunit gamma gene: Exon 6: c.854G > A; p. Arg285Gln was detected in the patient and the mother, which could underlie X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency. CONCLUSIONS: A boy with X-SCID was diagnosed with M. bovis-associated HPS, emphasizing that X-SCID should be considered when M. bovis is detected in a male infant with low lymphocyte counts.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/complicações , Mycobacterium bovis/genética , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Tuberculose/complicações , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/complicações , Antibióticos Antituberculose/uso terapêutico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lactente , Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina/genética , Isoniazida/uso terapêutico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/tratamento farmacológico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/microbiologia , Masculino , Mutação , Alta do Paciente , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Pirazinamida/uso terapêutico , Rifampina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose/microbiologia
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