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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121818, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087405

RESUMO

Determination of cesium ion in soybean oil is of high importance since the increasing risk from releasing of main component of nuclear waste cesium 137. The complex composition and high viscosity of soybean oil make it necessary to convert it into water phase by nitration before detection, so developing a simple, accurate and sensitive method for on-site sensing of Cs+ in soybean oil is still a big challenge. In this work, we report a traffic light-type ratiometric fluorescence strategy for the visual sensing of Cs+ in soybean oil based on dimensional regulation of two dimensional (PEA)2PbI4 perovskite nanosheets (NSs). The PEA+ in (PEA)2PbI4 NSs exchanged with Cs+ and lead to dimension of partial (PEA)2PbI4 NSs progressively increase from 2D to 3D CsPbI3 NCs. Resultantly, the fluorescence of (PEA)2PbI4 NSs decreases with a concomitant fluorescence enhancement of CsPbI3 NCs upon increasing the concentrations of Cs+, and the emission accordingly change from green, yellow to red with a high fluorescence colorimetric resolution up to 5.0 µM, make it successful to achieve on-site sensing of Cs+ in soybean oil just with naked eye in 5 min without any nitration, demonstrating a bright application future for determination of Cs+ in the soybean oil.


Assuntos
Resíduos Radioativos , Óleo de Soja , Compostos de Cálcio , Césio , Óxidos , Titânio , Água
2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 481-490, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182156

RESUMO

Triclosan (TCS) is a ubiquitous antimicrobial used in daily consumer products. Previous reports have shown that TCS could induce hepatotoxicity, endocrine disruption, disturbance on immune function and impaired thyroid function. Kidney is critical in the elimination of toxins, while the effects of TCS on kidney have not yet been well-characterized. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of TCS exposure on kidney function and the possible underlying mechanisms in mice. Male C57BL/6 mice were orally exposed to TCS with the doses of 10 and 100 mg/(kg•day) for 13 weeks. TCS was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and diluted by corn oil for exposure. Corn oil containing DMSO was used as vehicle control. Serum and kidney tissues were collected for study. Biomarkers associated with kidney function, oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrosis were assessed. Our results showed that TCS could cause renal injury as was revealed by increased levels of renal function markers including serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid, as well as increased oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokines and fibrotic markers in a dose dependent manner, which were more significantly in 100 mg/(kg•day) group. Mass spectrometry-based analysis of metabolites related with lipid metabolism demonstrated the occurrence of lipid accumulation and defective fatty acid oxidation in 100 mg/(kg•day) TCS-exposed mouse kidney. These processes might lead to lipotoxicity and energy depletion, thus resulting in kidney fibrosis and functional decline. Taken together, the present study demonstrated that TCS could induce lipid accumulation and fatty acid metabolism disturbance in mouse kidney, which might contribute to renal function impairment. The present study further widens our insights into the adverse effects of TCS.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Triclosan , Animais , Óleo de Milho/metabolismo , Óleo de Milho/farmacologia , Creatinina/metabolismo , Creatinina/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/farmacologia , Dimetil Sulfóxido/metabolismo , Dimetil Sulfóxido/farmacologia , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Fibrose , Rim/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Triclosan/toxicidade , Ureia , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/farmacologia
3.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128303, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368488

RESUMO

Biochar is an eco-friendly, low-cost, and carbon-rich material. This study synthesized the biochars from three agricultural wastes, pinecone, white popinac, and sugarcane bagasse, and then modified them by manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) co-precipitation. These biochars were applied as adsorbents for the removal of Cu(II) ions from water. All three different MnFe2O4-biochars have similar adsorption performances: rapid adsorption kinetics with equilibrium being reached within 5 hr of contact and significantly enhanced adsorption capacities of Cu(II) ions from water. The principal adsorption mechanisms were identified as complexation reactions, contributed by the carboxyl and hydroxyl groups by pristine biochars and by the Mn-O and Fe-O groups for all three MnFe2O4-biochars. The MnFe2O4-biochars can be reused for three cycles, with the maximum adsorption capacities of Cu(II) of the regenerated biochars declining with the loss of precipitated MnFe2O4.


Assuntos
Saccharum , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cobre , Celulose , Carvão Vegetal , Íons , Cinética , Água
4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 125: 798-810, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375961

RESUMO

Although point and nonpoint sources contribute roughly equal nutrient loads to lakes, their relative role in supporting algae growth has not been clarified. In this research, we have established a quantitative relationship between algae-available phosphorus (P) and P chemical fractions in sediments; the latter indicates the relative contribution of point versus nonpoint sources. Surface sediments from three large shallow lakes in eastern China, namely, the Chaohu, Taihu and Hongzehu Lakes, were sampled to assess their algae-available P and chemically extracted P fractions. The algae-available P primarily comes from iron/aluminium (hydr)oxide-bound P (Fe/Al-bound P), 45% of which is algae-available P. The ratio of Fe/Al-bound P to calcium compound-bound P (Ca-bound P) indicated the relative contribution of point to nonpoint sources, with the point sources contributing the majority of increased Fe/Al-bound P in sediments. Therefore, the reduction of point sources from urbanized areas, rather than nonpoint sources from agricultural areas that primarily contribute to the Ca-bound P fraction, should be prioritized to alleviate cyanobacterial algal blooms (CyanoHABs) in shallow lakes with sediment P as a potential source to support algae growth. With these important results, we proposed a conceptual model for "P-pumping suction" from sediments to algae to aid in the development of the criteria for sediment P concentrations in shallow lakes.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Fósforo/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Eutrofização , China , Monitoramento Ambiental
5.
Gene ; 851: 146982, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270456

RESUMO

The phytohormone auxin plays a pivotal role in regulating plant growth, development, and abiotic stress responses by promptly controlling the expression of auxin response genes. The Gretchen Hagen3 (GH3) genes are a major early auxin response gene family that contribute to auxin homeostasis by conjugating excess auxins to amino acids. To our knowledge, a genome-wide investigation of the GH3 genes in alfalfa has never been reported. Here, we present a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of the MsGH3 gene family, including chromosomal locations, phylogenetic relationships, gene structures, conserved motifs and Gene Ontology annotation. Interestingly, the analysis revealed 31 MsGH3 genes in the alfalfa genome. These genes were classified phylogenetically into the GH3-I, GH3-II, and GH3-III subgroups. Additionally, the data analysis showed that most MsGH3 genes are tissue specific and responsive to environmental stress-related hormones. Furthermore, the analysis of cis elements and potential biological functions revealed that the MsGH3 genes play potential roles in various stress responses. Notably, qRT-PCR results following exposure to high temperature, drought, and salt treatments demonstrated that most of the MsGH3 family genes, especially MsGH3-12, MsGH3-13, and MsGH3-15, play important roles in stress responses. These findings provide invaluable insight for future practical analyses and genetic improvement of alfalfa abiotic stress tolerance.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Medicago sativa , Medicago sativa/genética , Medicago sativa/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Família Multigênica
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115912, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351476

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) "Shihu" has a long history of medicinal use in China from some species of Dendrobium. D. officinale is a major source of "Shihu" and is widely cultivated in south of China and listed separately as "Tiepi Shihu" by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia in now time. Traditionally, D. officinale has been widely used in daily health care and the treatment of diabetes and gastrointestinal diseases. AIM OF THIS REVIEW: In order to better develop and utilize D. officinale, we conducted this systematic review of previous studies, showed clear structure of all isolates from D. officinale together with pharmacological progress, hoping to provide references for further research and utilization. In addition, specific display of the chemical components and the research progress of related activities can help to better understand the traditional records and modern pharmaceutical applications of the plant medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on phytochemistry and pharmacological studies of D. officinale was collected from various scientific databases including Web of Science, SciFinder, ACS, Springer, Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar and CNKI. RESULTS: More than 180 compounds isolated from D. officinale, including bibenzyls, phenols, phenylpropanoids, lignans, flavonoids and polysaccharides are listed in this review. Furthermore, modern pharmacological researches such as hypoglycemia, immune regulation, antioxidant, cardiovascular regulation and gastrointestinal protection are summarized. CONCLUSION: Based on the summary of the research work of D. officinale, we systematically show the chemical composition of the plant, and concluded the relationship of those composition with plant habitat together with the relationship between the structure of chemical components and pharmacological activity. Moreover, we suggest that some of small molecule compounds could also be quality control of D. officinale besides polysaccharides.

7.
J Orthop Translat ; 38: 158-166, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439631

RESUMO

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease with significant negative impact on the quality of life. It has been reported that abnormal upregulation of ß-catenin signaling could lead to OA development; however, the upstream regulatory mechanisms of ß-catenin signaling have not been determined. Methods: Primary rat chondrocytes and ATDC5 chondrocyte cell line were stimulated with AKT2 and treated with or without metformin, an adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator. Westerrn blot analysis, luciferase reporter assay and immunofluorescent (IF) staining were performed to examine changes in ß-cateninS552 phosphorylation and ß-catenin nuclear translocation in ATDC5 cells and in primary chondrocytes. Results: We found that metformin inhibited ß-cateninS552 phosphorylation in ATDC5 cells and in primary chondrocytes in a time-dependent manner. Metformin inhibited ß-catenin nuclear translocation and ß-catenin reporter activity. In addition, metformin also attenuated the expression of ß-catenin downstream target genes. We also demonstrated that metformin inhibited ß-cateninS552 phosphorylation in articular cartilage in mice. Conclusion: These findings suggest that metformin may exert its chondro-protective effect at least in part through the inhibition of ß-catenin signaling in chondrocytes. The translational potential of this article: This study demonstrated the interaction between AMPK and ß-catenin signaling in chondrocytes and defined novel molecular targets for the treatment of OA disease.

8.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 27(10): 285, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336859

RESUMO

Difficult or even non-healing diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are a global medical challenge. Although current treatments such as debridement, offloading, and infection control have resulted in partial improvement in DFU, the incidence, amputation, and mortality rates of DFU remain high. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find new or more effective drugs. Numerous studies have shown that oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathophysiology of DFU. The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) signaling pathway and the advanced glycated end products (AGEs)-receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE), protein kinase C (PKC), polyol and hexosamine biochemical pathways play critical roles in the regulation of oxidative stress in the body. Targeting these pathways to restore redox balance can control and alleviate the occurrence and development of DFU. Natural biologics are a major source of potential drugs for these relevant targets, and their antioxidant potential has been extensively demonstrated. Here, we discussed the pathophysiological mechanism of oxidative stress in DFU, and identifiled natural biologics targeting these pathways to accelerate DFU healing, in order to provide a new or potential direction for clinical treatment, nursing and related basic research of DFU.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Diabetes Mellitus , Pé Diabético , Humanos , Pé Diabético/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Cicatrização , Estresse Oxidativo
9.
Front Nutr ; 9: 985105, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337618

RESUMO

Lilii Bulbus, an edible Chinese herbal medicine, has a long history in medicine. However, research on effectively boiling Lilii Bulbus is rare. To make the more nutritious Lilii Bulbus soup, the optimized boiling process, using an alternate heating mode by decoction pot carrying a mixture of water and Chinese liquor at the ration of 9:1, was established in this study. Compared to the soup prepared by the daily process, the polysaccharide amount improved by 54%, and the total heavy metals decreased by 33.5% using the optimized boiling process. In addition, the total saponins at 34.3 µg/g were determined in the soup prepared by the optimized process. Meanwhile, the colchicine content in the boiled Lilii Bulbus soup was undetectable using the optimized process. This research performs an optimized boiling process for making Lilii Bulbus soup, and provides a reference for generating high commercial value from Lilii Bulbus soup in the future.

10.
RSC Adv ; 12(47): 30650-30657, 2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337939

RESUMO

The microstructure and mechanical properties of extruded AZ31 + xTiCN (x = 0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2 wt%) were investigated, and the strengthening mechanism was discussed. X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) confirmed that the Al4C3 and Al2MgC2 duplex phase particles were generated in situ by TiCN and Al particles, which act as the nucleation precursors of Mg grains during solidification. The grain size decreased and then increased with increasing TiCN addition. The yield strength (YS) and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) increased with increasing TiCN addition reaching a maximum (217.5 MPa) at 0.4 wt%, and in contrast, the elongation index (EI) continuously decreased with increasing TiCN addition.

11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 955866, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338711

RESUMO

To establish a multidimensional nomogram model for predicting progression-free survival (PFS) and risk stratification in patients with advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This retrospective cross-sectional study included 156 patients with advanced NPC who underwent dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). Radiomic features were extracted from the efflux rate constant (Ktrans ) and extracellular extravascular volume (Ve ) mapping derived from DCE-MRI. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis was applied for feature selection. The Radscore was constructed using the selected features with their respective weights in the LASSO Cox regression analysis. A nomogram model combining the Radscore and clinical factors was built using multivariate Cox regression analysis. The C-index was used to assess the discrimination power of the Radscore and nomogram. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Of the 360 radiomic features, 28 were selected (7, 6, and 15 features extracted from Ktrans , Ve, and Ktrans +Ve images, respectively). The combined Radscore k trans +Ve (C-index, 0.703, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.571-0.836) showed higher efficacy in predicting the prognosis of advanced NPC than Radscore k trans (C-index, 0.693; 95% CI, 0.560-0.826) and Radscore Ve (C-index, 0.614; 95% CI, 0.481-0.746) did. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed clinical stage, T stage, and treatment with nimotuzumab as risk factors for PFS. The nomogram established by Radscore k trans +Ve and risk factors (C-index, 0.732; 95% CI: 0.599-0.864) was better than Radscore k trans +Ve in predicting PFS in patients with advanced NPC. A lower Radscore k trans +Ve (HR 3.5584, 95% CI 2.1341-5.933), lower clinical stage (hazard ratio [HR] 1.5982, 95% CI 0.5262-4.854), lower T stage (HR 1.4365, 95% CI 0.6745-3.060), and nimotuzumab (NTZ) treatment (HR 0.7879, 95% CI 0.4899-1.267) were associated with longer PFS. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a lower PFS in the high-risk group than in the low-risk group (p<0.0001). The nomogram based on combined pretreatment DCE-MRI radiomics features, NTZ, and clinicopathological risk factors may be considered as a noninvasive imaging marker for predicting individual PFS in patients with advanced NPC.

12.
Front Neurol ; 13: 999223, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341120

RESUMO

Background: Early hematoma growth is associated with poor functional outcomes in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to explore whether quantitative hematoma heterogeneity in non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) can predict early hematoma growth. Methods: We used data from the Risk Stratification and Minimally Invasive Surgery in Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage (Risa-MIS-ICH) trial. Our study included patients with ICH with a time to baseline NCCT <12 h and a follow-up CT duration <72 h. To get a Hounsfield unit histogram and the coefficient of variation (CV) of Hounsfield units (HUs), the hematoma was segmented by software using the auto-segmentation function. Quantitative hematoma heterogeneity is represented by the CV of hematoma HUs. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to determine hematoma growth parameters. The discriminant score predictive value was assessed using the area under the ROC curve (AUC). The best cutoff was determined using ROC curves. Hematoma growth was defined as a follow-up CT hematoma volume increase of >6 mL or a hematoma volume increase of 33% compared with the baseline NCCT. Results: A total of 158 patients were enrolled in the study, of which 31 (19.6%) had hematoma growth. The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that time to initial baseline CT (P = 0.040, odds ratio [OR]: 0.824, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 0.686-0.991), "heterogeneous" in the density category (P = 0.027, odds ratio [OR]: 5.950, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.228-28.828), and CV of hematoma HUs (P = 0.018, OR: 1.301, 95 % CI: 1.047-1.617) were independent predictors of hematoma growth. By evaluating the receiver operating characteristic curve, the CV of hematoma HUs (AUC = 0.750) has a superior predictive value for hematoma growth than for heterogeneous density (AUC = 0.638). The CV of hematoma HUs had an 18% cutoff, with a specificity of 81.9 % and a sensitivity of 58.1 %. Conclusion: The CV of hematoma HUs can serve as a quantitative hematoma heterogeneity index that predicts hematoma growth in patients with early ICH independently.

13.
Nature ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352221

RESUMO

One potential advantage of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is the ability to solution process the precursors and deposit films from solution1,2. At present, spin coating, blade coating, spray coating, inkjet printing and slot-die printing have been investigated to deposit hybrid perovskite thin films3-6. Here we expand the range of deposition methods to include screen-printing, enabled by a stable and viscosity-adjustable (40-44,000 cP) perovskite ink made from a methylammonium acetate ionic liquid solvent. We demonstrate control over perovskite thin-film thickness (from about 120 nm to about 1,200 nm), area (from 0.5 × 0.5 cm2 to 5 × 5 cm2) and patterning on different substrates. Printing rates in excess of 20 cm s-1 and close to 100% ink use were achieved. Using this deposition method in ambient air and regardless of humidity, we obtained the best efficiencies of 20.52% (0.05 cm2) and 18.12% (1 cm2) compared with 20.13% and 12.52%, respectively, for the spin-coated thin films in normal devices with thermally evaporated metal electrodes. Most notably, fully screen-printing devices with a single machine in ambient air have been successfully explored. The corresponding photovoltaic cells exhibit high efficiencies of 14.98%, 13.53% and 11.80% on 0.05-cm2, 1.00-cm2 and 16.37-cm2 (small-module) areas, respectively, along with 96.75% of the initial efficiency retained over 300 h of operation at maximum power point.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2207447, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353895

RESUMO

Synthesis of large-area patterned MoS2 is considered the principle base for realizing high-performance MoS2 -based flexible electronic devices. Patterning and transferring MoS2 films to target flexible substrates, however, require conventional multi-step photolithography patterning and transferring process, despite tremendous progress in the facilitation of practical applications. Herein, we report an approach to directly synthesize large-scale MoS2 patterns that combines inkjet printing and thermal annealing. We prepare an optimal precursor ink that can deposit arbitrary patterns on polyimide films. By introducing a gas atmosphere of Ar/H2 , thermal treatment at 350°C enables an in-situ decomposition and crystallization in the patterned precursors and, consequently, results in the formation of MoS2 . Without complicated processes, patterned MoS2 is obtained directly on polymer substrate, exhibiting superior mechanical flexibility and durability (∼2% variation in resistance over 10,000 bending cycles) as well as excellent chemical stability, which we attribute to the generated continuous and thin microstructures as well as their strong adhesion with the substrate. As a step further, we employ this approach to manufacture various flexible sensing devices that are insensitive to body motions and moisture, including temperature sensors and biopotential sensing systems for real-time, continuously monitoring skin temperature, electrocardiography, and electromyography signals. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
J Clin Invest ; 132(21)2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317634

RESUMO

BackgroundNeuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC) is an aggressive subtype, the presence of which changes the prognosis and management of metastatic prostate cancer.MethodsWe performed analytical validation of a Circulating Tumor Cell (CTC) multiplex RNA qPCR assay to identify the limit of quantification (LOQ) in cell lines, synthetic cDNA, and patient samples. We next profiled 116 longitudinal samples from a prospectively collected institutional cohort of 17 patients with metastatic prostate cancer (7 NEPC, 10 adenocarcinoma) as well as 265 samples from 139 patients enrolled in 3 adenocarcinoma phase II trials of androgen receptor signaling inhibitors (ARSIs). We assessed a NEPC liquid biomarker via the presence of neuroendocrine markers and the absence of androgen receptor (AR) target genes.ResultsUsing the analytical validation LOQ, liquid biomarker NEPC detection in the longitudinal cohort had a per-sample sensitivity of 51.35% and a specificity of 91.14%. However, when we incorporated the serial information from multiple liquid biopsies per patient, a unique aspect of this study, the per-patient predictions were 100% accurate, with a receiver-operating-curve (ROC) AUC of 1. In the adenocarcinoma ARSI trials, the presence of neuroendocrine markers, even while AR target gene expression was retained, was a strong negative prognostic factor.ConclusionOur analytically validated CTC biomarker can detect NEPC with high diagnostic accuracy when leveraging serial samples that are only feasible using liquid biopsies. Patients with expression of NE genes while retaining AR-target gene expression may indicate the transition to neuroendocrine differentiation, with clinical characteristics consistent with this phenotype.FundingNIH (DP2 OD030734, 1UH2CA260389, R01CA247479, and P30 CA014520), Department of Defense (PC190039 and PC200334), and Prostate Cancer Foundation (Movember Foundation - PCF Challenge Award).


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Biomarcadores , Transdução de Sinais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
17.
J Adv Res ; 41: 77-87, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36328755

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is the main risk factor for lung cancer. MSCs in the TME promoting tumor angiogenesis, growth, and metastasis. SIBLING proteins enable cancer cells to extend, invade and metastasize. OBJECTIVES: Cigarette smoke promotes the progression and metastasis of lung cancer, although how this occurs is poorly understood. We evaluated the impact of whether cigarette smoking motivates SIBLING protein expression and is involved in MSC-mediated lung tumor metastasis. METHODS: We investigated the expression of OPN in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases and confirmed the results by immunohistochemistry (IHC), qPCR and Western blotting (WB) of lung cancer cells and tissues. The effect of OPN on the recruitment and adhesion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to lung cancer cells and lung cancers metastasis was investigated by Transwell, adhesion assays. A series of in vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to demonstrate the mechanisms by which OPN modulates recruitment and adhesion of MSCs to lung cancer cells and lung cancer metastasis. RESULTS: Cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and benzo[α]pyrene (B[α]P) increased levels of OPN expression and facilitated the recruitment and adhesion of MSCs to lung cancer cells via JAK2/STAT3 signaling. We also observed that OPN promotes tumor-associated MSC (TA-MSC) formation through the OPN receptor (integrins αvß1, αvß3, αvß5 or CD44), inducing lung cancer cell migration and invasion. In an orthotopic mouse model of lung cancer, increases in OPN expression promoted by cigarette smoke upregulated MSC recruitment and facilitated lung cancer metastasis. Knockdown of OPN expression inhibited cigarette smoke-induced lung cancer metastasis in vivo. CONCLUSION: Cigarette smoke increases OPN expression through the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway to attract MSC cell recruitment and promote lung cancer metastasis. Our findings offer important insights into how lung cancer metastasis develops in smokers.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Camundongos , Animais , Osteopontina/genética , Osteopontina/metabolismo , Osteopontina/farmacologia , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Tabaco/metabolismo , Processos Neoplásicos
18.
Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun ; 78(Pt 11): 378-385, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322423

RESUMO

Bacterial capsular polysaccharides provide protection against environmental stress and immune evasion from the host immune system, and are therefore considered to be attractive therapeutic targets for the development of anti-infectious reagents. Here, we focused on CapG, one of the key enzymes in the synthesis pathway of capsular polysaccharides type 5 (CP5) from the opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. SaCapG catalyses the 2-epimerization of UDP-N-acetyl-D-talosamine (UDP-TalNAc) to UDP-N-acetyl-D-fucosamine (UDP-FucNAc), which is one of the nucleotide-activated precursors for the synthesis of the trisaccharide repeating units of CP5. Here, the cloning, expression and purification of recombinant SaCapG are reported. After extensive efforts, single crystals of SaCapG were successfully obtained which belonged to space group C2 and exhibited unit-cell parameters a = 302.91, b = 84.34, c = 145.09 Å, ß = 110.65°. The structure was solved by molecular replacement and was refined to 3.2 Šresolution. The asymmetric unit revealed a homohexameric assembly of SaCapG, which was consistent with gel-filtration analysis. Structural comparison with UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 2-epimerase from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii identified α2, the α2-α3 loop and α10 as a gate-regulated switch controlling substrate entry and/or product release.


Assuntos
Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , Staphylococcus aureus , Cristalografia por Raios X , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Methanocaldococcus , Difosfato de Uridina
19.
Anal Chem ; 94(45): 15746-15753, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342268

RESUMO

Orbitrap Fourier transform mass spectrometry coupled with chemical ionization (CI) is a new-generation technique for online analysis in atmospheric chemistry. The advantage of the high resolving power of the CI-Orbitrap has been compromised by its relatively low sensitivity to trace compounds (e.g., <106 molecules cm-3) in complex gaseous mixtures, limiting its application in online atmospheric measurements. In this study, we improve the sensitivity of a Q Exactive Orbitrap by optimizing the parameters governing the signal-to-noise ratio. The influence of other parameters related to ion transmission and fragmentation is also discussed. Using gaseous compounds in an environmental chamber, we show that by increasing the number of ions in the analyzer, the number of microscans (i.e., transients), and the averaging time, the sensitivity of the CI-Orbitrap to trace compounds can be substantially improved, and the linear detection range can be extended by a factor of 50 compared to standard settings. The CI-Orbitrap with optimized parameters is then used to measure oxygenated organic molecules in the atmosphere. By improving the sensitivity, the number of detected compounds above the 50% sensitivity threshold (i.e., the signal intensity at which the sensitivity is decreased by half) is increased from 129 to 644 in the atmospheric measurements. The Q Exactive CI-Orbitrap with improved sensitivity can detect ions with concentrations down to ∼5 × 104 molecules cm-3 (1 h averaging), and its 50% sensitivity threshold is now below 105 molecules cm-3.


Assuntos
Gases , Análise de Fourier , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Íons
20.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1005764, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388482

RESUMO

Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is a vascular bacteria pathogen causing black rot in cabbage. Here, the resistance mechanisms of cabbage against Xcc infection were explored by integrated metabolome and transcriptome analysis. Pathogen perception, hormone metabolisms, sugar metabolisms, and phenylpropanoid metabolisms in cabbage were systemically re-programmed at both transcriptional and metabolic levels after Xcc infection. Notably, the salicylic acid (SA) metabolism pathway was highly enriched in resistant lines following Xcc infection, indicating that the SA metabolism pathway may positively regulate the resistance of Xcc. Moreover, we also validated our hypothesis by showing that the flavonoid pathway metabolites chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid could effectively inhibit the growth of Xcc. These findings provide valuable insights and resource datasets for further exploring Xcc-cabbage interactions and help uncover molecular breeding targets for black rot-resistant varieties in cabbage.

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