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1.
Oncol Rep ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020224

RESUMO

DEK has been revealed to be overexpressed in many cancers and associated with cancer progression. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the role of DEK with a specific focus on its underlying mechanism in lung cancers. DEK expression in lung cancers and normal lung tissues and the correlations between DEK expression and clinicopathological parameters of lung cancers were investigated using the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). DEK expression was upregulated by DEK transfection or downregulated by DEK shRNA interference in A549 and H1299 cells. The effects of DEK on the Wnt signaling pathway and epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) were examined using western blotting. Proliferative and invasive abilities were observed in A549 and H1299 cells treated with DEK using an MTT assay, colony formation assay, and Transwell migration and invasion assays. The expression of DEK was higher in lung cancer tissues than that in normal lung tissues. DEK expression was positively correlated with the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS in lung adenocarcinomas. High expression of DEK indicated poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinomas (P=0.018). Enhanced expression of DEK upregulated the levels of active­ß­catenin and Wnt target genes, such as cyclin D1, c­Myc and MMP7 and increased the proliferative and invasive abilities of lung cancer cells. Enhanced expression of DEK in A549 and H1299 cells also increased the levels of EGFR, KRAS, vimentin, Snail, and N­cadherin, and decreased the level of E­cadherin. The opposite results were obtained with knockdown of DEK expression. DEK was highly expressed in lung cancers and indicated poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinomas. DEK expression activated the Wnt signaling pathway and EMT process and promoted the proliferation and invasion of lung cancers.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4116-4120, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872686

RESUMO

With digital satellite remote sensing image data of GF-1,in 2018 the object-oriented classification method was used to extract Zizyphus jujuba planting area in Jia county of Shaanxi province. The results showed that the remote sensing classification method based on rule set could extract and reckon Z. jujube planting area in the study area effectively. The planting area of Z. jujube in Jia county was about 5. 34×104 hm2 and the area of consistent accuracy was 97. 92%. The method used in this study could provide a technical reference for the area extraction of the same type of medicinal materials. And it is of great significance to provide decision support for the protection and utilization of Z. jujube resources.


Assuntos
Ziziphus , Agricultura , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
3.
Trials ; 20(1): 756, 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the main cause of end-stage kidney disease and has become a heavy economic and social burden due to its high prevalence and morbidity. The most effective strategy is that patients with DKD should be diagnosed and treated early. Preliminary studies showed that the Chinese herbal Tangshen Formula (TSF) may delay the progression of DKD, reducing microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria and improving renal function. We designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of TSF in patients with DKD. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial is a 13-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. A total of 632 participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to an experiment group (TSF plus losartan) and a control group (placebo plus losartan). The trial cycle will last 24 weeks. The primary outcome will be the change in the urine microalbumin-creatinine ratio from baseline to week 24. The secondary outcome will be the change in the rate of progression to the clinical proteinuria period after intervention, the rate of urine microalbumin negative conversion, the rate of normal urinary microalbumin, the doubling rate of the baseline creatinine value and the glomerular filtration rate between the two groups. Safety in medication will also be evaluated. DISCUSSION: We hypothesize that patients with type 2 diabetes in the early stage of DKD will benefit from TSF. If successful, this study will provide evidence-based recommendations for clinicians. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03009864. Registered January 2017.

4.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 7485-7497, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496806

RESUMO

Purpose: Keratin 17 (KRT17) is a 48 KDa type I intermediate filament, which is mainly expressed in epithelial basal cells. KRT17 has been shown to be overexpressed in many malignant tumors and play an important role in the occurrence and development of tumors. Therefore, this study explored the role and underlying mechanism of KRT17 in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Methods: KRT17 expression and its correlations with clinicopathological factors were examined in lung cancer tissues by immunohistochemistry. The prognosis value of KRT17 in NSCLCs was retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) online databases. The expression level of KRT17 was increased or decreased by KRT17 gene transfection or small RNA interference in lung cancer cells, respectively. Further, proliferation and invasiveness of lung cancer cells were determined by cell proliferation and invasion assays, respectively. Finally, expression levels of proteins related to Wnt signaling pathways and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) were detected by Western blot. Results: The expression level of KRT17 in NSCLCs was significantly higher than normal lung tissues. High expression of KRT17 predicted poor prognosis of patients with NSCLCs, especially lung adenocarcinomas, and was correlated with poor differentiation and lymphatic metastasis. Overexpression of KRT17 enhanced, while KRT17 knockdown inhibited, the proliferation and invasiveness of lung cancer cells. Overexpression of KRT17 up-regulated ß-catenin activity and levels of Wnt target genes, such as cyclin D1, c-Myc, and MMP7. Moreover, KRT17 promoted EMT by up-regulating Vimentin, MMP-9, and Snail expression and down-regulating E-cadherin expression. Conclusion: Overexpression of KRT17 is common in NSCLCs and indicates poor prognosis. Overexpression of KRT17 enhances the proliferation and invasiveness of NSCLC cells by activating the Wnt signaling pathway and EMT process. KRT17 is a potential indicator of NSCLC progression and poor survival.

5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(15): 6937-6943, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-volatile compounds play a key role in the quality and price of Keemun black tea (KBT). The non-volatile compounds in KBT samples from different producing areas normally vary greatly. The development of rapid methods for tracing the geographical origin of KBT is useful. In this study, we develop models for the discrimination of KBT's geographical origin based on non-volatile compounds. RESULTS: Seventy-two KBT samples were collected from five towns in Anhui province to determine 13 KBT compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Analysis of variance showed that the content of 13 compounds in KBT indicated significant differences (P < 0.05) among five towns. Three multivariate statistical models including principal component analysis (PCA), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) were built to discriminate origin. Principal component analysis effectively extracted three principal components, namely theaflavins, galloylated catechins, and simple catechins. The high sensitivity (64.5%-99.2%) was achieved of SIMCA model. To establish the discriminant functions, six variables (gallic acid, (+)-catechin, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, theaflavin-3-gallate, theaflavin-3,3'-di-gallate, and total theaflavins) were chosen from 13 variables, and LDA was applied. This gave a satisfactory overall correct classification rate (94.4%) and cross-validation rate (88.9%) for KBT samples. CONCLUSION: The results showed that HPLC analysis together with chemometrics is a reliable approach for tracing KBT and guaranteeing its authenticity. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/química , Biflavonoides/análise , Camellia sinensis/classificação , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise Discriminante , Ácido Gálico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Gálico/análise , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise de Componente Principal , Chá/química
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16715, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374065

RESUMO

Chromosome 8 open reading frame 4 (C8orf4) is an activator of Wnt signaling pathway, and participates in the tumorigenesis and progression of many tumors. The expression levels of C8orf4 and ß-catenin were assessed via immunohistochemical staining in 100 cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) tissues, 50 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs), 50 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs), and 50 normal cervical tissues. Bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to examine the methylation status of the C8orf4 locus in CSCC and normal cervical tissues. The expression rates of C8orf4 and ß-catenin were significantly higher in CSCCs or HSILs than in LSILs or normal cervical tissues (P < .05). C8orf4 expression was positively correlated with the poor differentiation of CSCCs (P = .009), and with aberrant expression of ß-catenin in CSCCs (P = .002) and squamous intraepithelial lesions (P < .001). The methylation rate of C8orf4 in CSCCs was significantly lower than that in normal cervical tissues (P = .001). The Cancer Genome Atlas genomics data also confirmed that the mRNA expression of C8orf4 was positively associated with the copy number alteration of C8orf4 (correlation coefficient = 0.213, P < .001), and negatively correlated with the methylation level of C8orf4 (correlation coefficient = -0.408, P < .001). In conclusion, the expressions of C8orf4 and ß-catenin were synergistically increased in CSCCs and HSILs and higher than those in LSILs and normal cervical tissues. The methylation level of C8orf4 is decreased in CSCCs and is responsible for the increased expression of C8orf4.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , beta Catenina/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Adulto Jovem , beta Catenina/genética
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(12): 2444-2451, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359709

RESUMO

We studied the seed germination of Astragalus membranaceus under PEG and Na Cl osmotic stress gradients( 0,-0. 1,-0. 3,-0. 5,-0. 7 MPa) respectively applied with light( continuous light,light 12 h/dark 12 h circulation and continuous dark) and temperature( constant 15 ℃,15 ℃ 12 h/30 ℃ 12 h circulation and constant 30 ℃) treatments. The results showed as following: ① Under the light and temperature interactive treatments,total germination percentage( TGP) was restrained by high temperature and continuous light also decreased TGP under high temperature. Mean germination time( MGT) was not changed by light mode. Root development was enhanced by dark and low temperature. Shoot development was enhanced by light and high temperature. Hypocotyl length was enhanced by dark and high temperature. ② Under the light and temperature interactive treatments combined respectively with PEG and NaCl stress conditions,although the inhibitions of seed germination and growth were gradually strengthened with the increases of osmotic stresses,slight osmotic stress can promote seed germination. Under the same osmotic potential,the effects of PEG on TGPs and MGTs were stronger than that of NaCl. As the temperature increase,the seeds may change from photo-neutrality to photo-phobia. Decreased TGP under drought and continuous light interactive treatment is an adaptation strategy to avoiding drought. Hypocotyl growth accelerated under continuous dark treatment is an ecological trait which could increase dry matter input in stem and height for more light. Seed development under high concentration of NaCl treatment is better than that of PEG treatment due to low water potential caused by Na~+,which can enter into seed coat and promote water absorption.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus/fisiologia , Secas , Germinação , Estresse Salino , Sementes/fisiologia , Astragalus propinquus/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Sementes/efeitos da radiação , Temperatura Ambiente
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2020-2025, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355555

RESUMO

To further study the mechanism of sprout tumble caused by drought,drought stress was simulating with 30% PEG 6000,physiological,and then the morphological changes of Pinellia ternata cells at different treatment time were detected. The results indicated that,along with the period of drought stress continued,the contents of chlorophyll and water potential were decreased,relative electrical conductivity,contents of soluble sugar and MDA increased. Sprout tumble of P. ternata first occurred on the fourth day during drought stress,large scale of sprout tumble appeared on the eighth day with about 73% of tumble rate. The nuclei exposed to drought stress for 2 days were flattened,lobed,invalidated or irregular in shape and significant showed the apoptotic morphological characteristics. Adenylate transferase( ANT) gene expressions were inhibited by drought,with the rapid increase of Caspase-3 enzyme activity,the cell death rate increased. All this proves that the essence of sprout tumble caused by drought is programmed cell death,which may be a self dormancy protection mechanism of P. ternata against adverse environment.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Secas , Pinellia/citologia , Estresse Fisiológico
9.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 131, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of most important zoonotic viruses, and it can infect a wide range of host species. Avian HEV has been identified as the aetiological agent of big liver and spleen disease or hepatitis-splenomegaly syndrome in chickens. HEV infection is common among chicken flocks in China, and there are currently no practical measures for preventing the spread of the disease. The predominant avian HEV genotype circulating in China have been identified as genotype 3 strains, although some novel genotypes have also been identified from chicken flocks in China. RESULTS: In this study, we used a meta-transcriptomics approach to identify a new subtype of genotype 3 avian HEV in broiler chickens at a poultry farm located in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China. The complete genome sequence of the avian HEV, designated CaHEV-GDSZ01, is 6655-nt long, including a 5' UTR of 24 nt and a 3' UTR of 125 nt (excluding the poly(A) tail), and contains three open reading frames (ORFs). Sequence analysis indicated that the complete ORF1 (4599 nt/1532 aa), ORF2 (1821 nt/606 aa) and ORF3 (264 nt/87 aa) of CaHEV-GDSZ01 share the highest nucleotide sequence identity (85.8, 86.7 and 95.8%, respectively) with the corresponding ORFs of genotype 3 avian HEV. Phylogenetic analyses further demonstrated that the avian HEV identified in this study is a new subtype of genotype 3 avian HEV. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that a new subtype of genotype 3 avian HEV is endemic in Guangdong, China, and could cause high mortality in infected chickens. This study also provides full genomic data for better understanding the evolutionary relationships of avian HEV circulating in China. Altogether, the results presented in this study suggest that more attention should be paid to avian HEV and its potential disease manifestation.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Hepatite Viral Animal/virologia , Hepevirus/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Animais , Galinhas , China/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Hepatite Viral Animal/epidemiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/mortalidade , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/veterinária , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/virologia
10.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 143, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel Muscovy duck reovirus (N-MDRV), emerged in southeast China in 2002, which can infect a wide range of waterfowl and induces clinical signs and cytopathic effects that are distinct from those of classical MDRV, and continues to cause high morbidity and 5-50% mortality in ducklings. The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of two novel reoviruses isolated from Muscovy ducklings in Guangdong, China. RESULTS: Two novel MDRV strains, designated as MDRV-SH12 and MDRV-DH13, were isolated from two diseased Muscovy ducklings in Guangdong province, China in June 2012 and September 2013, respectively. Sequencing of the complete genomes of these two viruses showed that they consisted of 23,418 bp and were divided into 10 segments, ranging from 1191 bp (S4) to 3959 bp (L1) in length, and all segments contained conserved sequences in the 5' non-coding region (GCUUUU) and 3' non-coding region (UCAUC). Pairwise sequence comparisons demonstrated that MDRV-SH12 and MDRV-DH13 showed the highest similarity with novel MDRVs. Phylogenetic analyses of the nucleotide sequences of all 10 segments revealed that MDRV-SH12 and MDRV-DH13 were clustered together with other novel waterfowl-origin reoviruses and were distinct from classical waterfowl-origin and chicken-origin reoviruses. The analyses also showed possible genetic re-assortment events in segment M2 between waterfowl-origin and chicken-origin reoviruses and the segments encoding λA, µA, µNS, σA, and σNS between classical and novel waterfowl-origin reoviruses. Potential recombination events detection in segment S2 suggests that MDRV-SH12 and MDRV-DH13 may be recombinants of classical and novel WRVs. CONCLUSIONS: The results presented in this study, the full genomic data for two novel MDRV strains, will improve our understanding of the evolutionary relationships among the waterfowl-origin reoviruses circulating in China, and may aid in the development of more effective vaccines against various waterfowl-origin reoviruses.


Assuntos
Doenças das Aves/virologia , Orthoreovirus Aviário/classificação , Orthoreovirus Aviário/genética , Filogenia , Infecções por Reoviridae/veterinária , Animais , China , Sequência Conservada , Patos , Genoma Viral/genética , Infecções por Reoviridae/virologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(9): 4344-4352, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Keemun black tea (KBT) is one of the most popular tea beverages in China as a result of its unique flavor and potential health benefits. The geographical origin of KBT influences its quality and price. The present study aimed to apply a head-space solid phase microextraction approach and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometric analysis to profile the volatile compounds of KBT collected from five production areas. RESULTS: Thirty-one peaks were detected in 61 KBT samples. Hierarchical cluster analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) and stepwise linear discriminant analysis (SLDA) were employed to visualize the volatile fractions. The results of unsupervised statistical tools were compared using a test for similarities and distinctions, which showed that different sources may be associated. A satisfying combination of average recognition (91.7%) and cross-validation prediction abilities (84.6%) was obtained for the PCA-k-NN. Among all of the statistical tools, SLDA provided promising results, with 100% recognition and 96.4% prediction ability. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in the present study indicate that the volatile compounds can be used as indicators to identify the geographical origin of KBT. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/química , Chá/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química , China , Análise Discriminante , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Geografia , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Componente Principal , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(5): e14315, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702609

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Sclerosing pneumocytoma accompanied with other type of tumor in one patient is very rare. Here, we report a case of a sclerosing pneumocytoma mixed with a typical carcinoid tumor in a same neoplasm. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman incidentally detected a space-occupying lesion of right lung in routine health examination. The patient was asymptomatic and there were no positive findings in routine laboratory examination, physical examination, and pulmonary function test. Computed tomography revealed a solitary round mass in the middle lobe of the right lung. DIAGNOSIS: The lesion was diagnosed as a sclerosing pneumocytoma accompanied with a typical carcinoid tumor of the right lung. INTERVENTION: The patient underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy in our hospital. OUTCOMES: The postoperative course was uneventful. LESSONS: This case is rare and noteworthy for a lesion containing two different types of neoplasms, which may cause diagnostic difficulties.


Assuntos
Tumor Carcinoide/complicações , Tumor Carcinoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Hemangioma Esclerosante Pulmonar/complicações , Hemangioma Esclerosante Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Tumor Carcinoide/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia , Hemangioma Esclerosante Pulmonar/cirurgia , Toracoscopia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 35, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The transcription factor PR domain containing 16 (PRDM16) is known to play a significant role in the determination and function of brown and beige fat. However, the role of PRDM16 in tumor biology has not been well addressed. Here we investigated the impact of PRDM16 on tumor growth and metastasis in lung cancer. METHODS: UALCAN database, immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry analysis were used to assess PRDM16 expression in lung cancer patients. Kaplan-Meier plotter database was used to analyze the overall survival of patients with lung cancer stratified by PRDM16 expression. PRDM16 overexpression and knockdown experiments were conducted to assess the effects of PRDM16 on growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, and its molecular mechanism was investigated in lung adenocarcinoma cells by chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-Seq), real time-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), luciferase assay, xenograft models and rescue experiments. RESULTS: PRDM16 was downregulated in lung adenocarcinomas, and its expression level correlated with key pathological characteristics and prognoses of lung adenocarcinoma patients. Overexpressing PRDM16 inhibited the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cancer cells both in vivo and in vitro by repressing the transcription of Mucin-4 (MUC4), one of the regulators of EMT in lung adenocarcinomas. Furthermore, deleting the PR domain from PRDM16 increased the transcriptional repression of MUC4 by exhibiting significant differences in histone modifications on its promoter. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a critical interplay between transcriptional and epigenetic modifications during lung adenocarcinoma progression involving EMT of cancer cells and suggest that PRDM16 is a metastasis suppressor and potential therapeutic target for lung adenocarcinomas.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Mucina-4/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Camundongos , Metástase Neoplásica , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
14.
Curr Cancer Drug Targets ; 19(8): 674-680, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30451112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nemo-like kinase (NLK) is an evolutionarily conserved MAP kinaserelated kinase involved in the pathogenesis of several human cancers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and role of NLK in lung cancers, and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We examined the expression of NLK in lung cancer tissues through western blot analysis. We enhanced or knocked down NLK expression by gene transfection or RNA interference, respectively, in lung cancer cells, and examined expression alterations of key proteins in the Wnt signaling pathway and in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We also examined the roles of NLK in the proliferation and invasiveness of lung cancer cells by cell proliferation, colony formation, and Matrigel invasion assays. RESULTS: NLK expression was found to be significantly higher in lung cancer tissue samples than in corresponding healthy lung tissue samples. Overexpression of NLK correlated with poor prognosis of patients with lung cancer. Overexpression of NLK upregulated ß-catenin, TCF4, and Wnt target genes such as cyclin D1, c-Myc, and MMP7. N-cadherin and TWIST, the key proteins in EMT, were upregulated, while E-cadherin expression was reduced. Additionally, proliferation, colony formation, and invasion turned out to be enhanced in NLK-overexpressing cells. After NLK knockdown in lung cancer cells, we obtained the opposite results. CONCLUSION: NLK is overexpressed in lung cancers and indicates poor prognosis. Overexpression of NLK activates the Wnt signaling pathway and EMT and promotes the proliferation and invasiveness of lung cancer cells.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 4232794, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539011

RESUMO

Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is the most severe manifestation of peripheral artery disease, which is common but rarely diagnosed. Noninvasive biomarkers are urgently required to assist in the diagnosis of CLI. Accumulating evidence indicates that miRNAs play an important role in the development of various diseases. In this study, microarray profiling revealed 11 miRNAs with significantly altered expression in four T2DM patients with CLI compared with that in four sex- and age-matched T2DM patients without CLI. In independent cohorts, qRT-PCR validation confirmed the increased miRNA-4739 level in patients with CLI versus patients without CLI. miRNA-4739 levels increased with FPG and HbA1c (all P < 0.05). After adjusting for the risk factors, miRNA-4739 levels were found to be associated with an increased odds ratio (OR) of T2DM with CLI (OR =12.818, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.148 to 143.143, P = 0.038). ROC curve analysis revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) of miR-4739+confounding risk factors was 0.94 (95% CI 0.891 to 0.998, P < 0.001), which was higher than that of confounding risk factors (AUC 0.94 vs. 0.91, 95% CI -0.122 to 0.060, P > 0.05) and of miR-4739 (AUC 0.94 vs. 0.69, 95% CI -0.399 to -0.101, P < 0.001), respectively. We conclude that elevated plasma miRNA-4739 levels are independently associated with CLI in T2DM patients. miRNA-4739 is implicated as a novel diagnostic marker and a potential therapeutic target for CLI in diabetes.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Pé/irrigação sanguínea , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Pé Diabético/sangue , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Isquemia/sangue , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/genética , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Curva ROC , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(19): 3855-3861, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453709

RESUMO

To explore the effects of shading and the expression of key enzyme genes on the synthesis and accumulation of Panax japonicus var. major saponins, different shading treatments (0%, 30%,50%) of potted P. japonicus var. major were used as test materials, the expression of three key enzyme genes(CAS,DS,ß-AS) of leaves and rhizomes in different growth periods of P. japonicus var. major was determined by real-time quantitative PCR, the content of total saponins was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The results indicated that, in flowering stage, CAS,DS,ß-AS were highly expressed in the aerial parts of P. japonicus var. major, 30% shading treatment significantly inhibited the expression of CAS in leaves and promoted the expression of DS and ß-AS in stems, leaves and flowers, it was speculated that the main part of saponin synthesis was leaf in this stage. Both the expression levels of DS and ß-AS and changes in the content of total saponins in leaves showed a tendency of low-high-low throughout the growth cycle, correlation coefficient analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between them. Compared with control, the expression levels of DS and ß-AS and the content of total saponins were greatly enhanced under shading treatment, 30% shading treatment significantly promoted the accumulation of total saponins. Therefore, it is suggested that 30% shading treatment should be applied to the artificial cultivation of P. japonicus var. major, which is beneficial to the accumulation and quality improvement of saponins.


Assuntos
Luz , Panax/enzimologia , Panax/efeitos da radiação , Saponinas/análise , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Panax/genética , Folhas de Planta/enzimologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Rizoma/enzimologia , Rizoma/genética
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(2): 691-702, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29964832

RESUMO

To quantify the ratio of CH4 ebullition to total flux in subtropical shallow ponds, the CH4 flux at the water-air interface was measured using the inverted-funnel and water equilibrium methods in two small ponds in Quanjiao, Anhui Province from July 28 to August 13, 2016. The average CH4 ebullition fluxes were 121.78 and 161.08 mg·(m2·d)-1 and the average diffusion fluxes were 3.38 and 3.79 mg·(m2·d)-1 over pond A and pond B, respectively. The ebullition flux accounted for 97.5% and 96.4% of the total flux over pond A and pond B, respectively. Methane ebullition ranged from 0.11 to 446.90 mg·(m2·d)-1 over pond A and from 0.05 to 607.51 mg·(m2·d)-1 over pond B. Gas ebullition rate during the day was higher than that at night and was controlled by wind speed. Methane ebullition flux was influenced by wind speed over the shallow pond at hourly scale and by water depth and wind speed at daily scale, with positive correlation with wind speed and negative correlation with water depth. Varying with latitude, methane ebullition flux was higher for the water bodies in the mid-latitude region compared to those in the high-latitude region. Direct observations of the methane ebullition flux over small ponds provide data support and theoretical reference to precisely estimate the contribution of inland water bodies to regional and global carbon cycle.

18.
Cancer Lett ; 420: 195-207, 2018 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29425683

RESUMO

Uncontrolled excessive activation of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is linked to a number of human malignant tumorigenesis. To obtain valuable Hh pathway inhibitors from natural product, in present study, a pair of novel epimers, Cynanbungeigenin C (CBC) and D (CBD) from the plant Cynanchum bungei Decne were chemically characterized by multiple spectroscopic data and chemical derivatization, and evaluated for their inhibition on Hh pathway. Mechanistically, CBC and CBD block Hh pathway signaling not through targeting Smo and Sufu, but at the level of Gli. In addition, both eipmers significantly suppress Hh pathway-dependent Ptch+/-; p53-/- medulloblastoma in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, both CBC and CBD inhibited two Smo mutants induced Hh pathway activation, which suggested that they are potential compounds for the treatment of medulloblastoma with primary or acquired resistance to current Smo inhibitors. These results highlight the potential of CBC and CBD as effective lead compounds in the treatment of medulloblastoma and other Hh-dependent malignancy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cerebelares/tratamento farmacológico , Cynanchum/química , Meduloblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Fitosteróis/administração & dosagem , Fitosteróis/isolamento & purificação , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Neoplasias Cerebelares/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Meduloblastoma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Fitosteróis/química , Fitosteróis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(11): 5227-5236, 2018 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628248

RESUMO

In order to identify methane (CH4) diffusion emissions characteristics and their impact factors in an eutrophic lake, CH4 flux across the lake-air interface was observed in Meiliang Bay and the central zone of Lake Taihu over one year. The relationships between CH4 flux and environmental factors and water quality indices were analyzed. The results indicated that the annual mean CH4 diffusion flux in the eutrophic zone was significantly higher than that in the central zone, which were 0.140 mmol·(m2·d)-1 and 0.024 mmol·(m2·d)-1, respectively. Additionally, the highest CH4 flux appeared in the eutrophic littoral zone. The CH4 flux varied seasonally, which was consistent with water temperature that peaked in summer. Furthermore, the difference in CH4 flux between seasons was an order of magnitude. The temporal variation in CH4 flux was mostly driven by wind speed and water temperature. The spatial correlation between CH4 flux and dissolved organic carbon concentration was highly significant (R2=0.62, P<0.01). Observing temporal and spatial patterns of CH4 flux was necessary to accurately estimate whole-lake CH4 emissions due to large variability across time and space.


Assuntos
Eutrofização , Lagos , Metano/análise , China , Estações do Ano , Temperatura Ambiente , Qualidade da Água
20.
Trials ; 18(1): 631, 2017 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29284520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN) is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus, and it has become a major public health problem worldwide because of its high and increasing prevalence, morbidity, and disability rate. The current medications for DSPN are not entirely satisfactory. Preliminary studies indicated that the Chinese herbal TangBi Formula may alleviate signs and symptoms and improve the velocity of nerve conduction in patients with DSPN. This study was designed to determine if Chinese herbal medicine used in combination with conventional treatment is more effective than conventional treatment alone. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting a multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial as a means of assessing the therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment. A total of 188 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to a treatment group (TangBi Formula plus mecobalamin) and a control group (placebo plus mecobalamin). The test period lasts 6 months, during which all of the patients will be given standard medical care as recommended by established guidelines. The primary outcome will be development of differences in changes in clinical symptoms and signs in patients and changes in Michigan Diabetic Neuropathy Score (MDNS) between the two groups before and after treatment. The secondary outcome will be changes in nerve conduction velocity and in single clinical signs and symptoms. Safety assessments and adverse events will also be evaluated. DISCUSSION: We postulate that patients with DSPN will benefit from therapy that includes TCM. If successful, this work will provide an evidence-based complementary therapeutic approach for treatment of DSPN. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03010241 . Registered on 2 January 2017.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Neuropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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