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1.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(7): 644-649, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619842

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidences and risk factors of poor hematopoietic reconstitution (PHR) in patients with hematological diseases who underwent haploidentical allograft and were treated with rituximab for desensitization. Methods: Eight-three donor specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA, 2000 ≤MFI<10 000) positive patients who underwent haploidentical allograft were prospectively enrolled. Rituximab (375 mg/m2) was used for desensitization day-3 of conditioning regimen. Incidence and factors associated with PHR, including primary poor graft function and prolonged thrombocytopenia, were investigated. Results: There were 22 males and 61 females with a median age of 39(range: 1-65) years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 100 day cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 93.0% and 90.7%, respectively. The incidences of PHR were 14.7%. The 3-year relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate, event-free survival (EFS), leukemia-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.5%, 15.1%, 70.8%, 79.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Patients with DSA MFI<5 000 (group A, n=46) experienced lower PHR (4.4% vs. 27.5%, P=0.003), and higher 3-year EFS (79.5% vs. 59.8%, P=0.020) compared to those with DSA MFI≥5 000 (group B, n=37). Multivariate analysis showed that DSA MFI≥5 000 was correlated with PHR (HR=6.101, P=0.021). PHR was associated with higher NRM (HR=4.110, P=0.026), lower DFS (HR=3.656, P=0.019) and OS (HR=3.656, P=0.019). Conclusion: Our data suggest that high pre-transplant DSA level is a risk factor for PHR in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allograft and rituximab for desensitization.


Assuntos
Doenças Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 794-798, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517463

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the regulation of macrophage polarization and its effects on liver cancer invasion, metastasis and apoptosis by CCAAT/enhancer binding protein δ (CEBPD). Methods: THP-1 stable transfected cells with knockdown CEBPD (shCEBPD) and negative control shNC were constructed by lentviral transfection technique. THP-1 transfected cells were induced into macrophages, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon γ(IFNγ) by phorbol 12-tetradecanoate 13-acetate (PMA), and then the polarized macrophages were further induced to M1 type. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect M1 type macrophage related interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) genes, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA expression level. Flow cytometry was used to detect M1 macrophage-specific surface marker CD80 expression levels. M1-induced macrophages were co-cultured with liver cancer MHCC97H cells using Transwell non-contact small sized co-culture dishes. MHCC97H cells invasion and metastasis were detected by Transwell and scratch assay under co-culture conditions, and the MHCC97H cells apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Results: The mRNA expression levels of M1 macrophage marker genes iNOS, TNFα, IL-6 and IL-1ß in THP-1 derived macrophages were decreased after CEBPD knockdown. M1 macrophage-specific surface marker CD80 expression levels were decreased (23.7% ± 2.1% and 62.5% ± 2.0%, t = 9.58, P < 0.05). THP-1 were co-cultured with MHCC97H in shCEBPD and shNC group, respectively. Compared with shNC group, the invasion [(158.0 ± 3.5) and (75.0 ± 4.5), t = 39.87, P < 0.01] and metastatic ability (54.6% ± 1.5% and 24.3% ± 1.0%, P < 0.01) of MHCC97H cells co-cultured in shCEBPD group were stronger and the apoptosis rate was reduced [(9.4% ± 1.0%) vs. (23.7% ± 1.2%), t = 12.68, P < 0.01]. Conclusion: CEBPD can inhibit the invasion and metastasis and increase the apoptosis by amplifying M1 type macrophages polarization in liver cancer cells.


Assuntos
Proteína delta de Ligação ao Facilitador CCAAT , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas de Transporte , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos
4.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(10): 868-874, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551474

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the dynamic change and clinical impact of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) and multicolor flow cytometry (FCM) were used to detect DEK-NUP214 gene expression and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP) in 15 newly diagnosed patients with positive DEK-NUP214 and receiving allo-HSCT from September 2012 to September 2017 at Peking University People's Hospital. The clinical outcome was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The impact of DEK-NUP214 expression was analyzed by log-rank test. Results: The subjects were followed-up with a median period of 657 (62-2 212) days. The median DEK-NUP214 expression level at diagnosis was 488% (274%-1 692%). Thirteen patients achieved complete remission before allo-HSCT. Thirteen patients had a residual DEK-NUP214 expression of 0.38% (0.029%-738.9%) before allo-HSCT. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214 expression in 9/13 patients remained positive, which dropped by around 500 folds (5.7-5 663.0 folds) within a month post-transplant. Five patients died and 2 patients relapsed. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse in patients with positive DEK-NUP214 before transplant was 17.5%±11.3% and the 3-year overall survival was 60.5%±13.8%. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214-negative patients had a better outcome. Conclusion: Quantitative monitor of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene could be a sensitive indicator of MRD status after allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Neoplasia Residual , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares , Proteínas Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/genética , Prognóstico , Transplante Homólogo
5.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(9): 806-811, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445816

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of short-term use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in EB viral infection and acute graft-versus host disease (GVHD) in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) . Method: Adult patients (≥14 years) who were diagnosed with hematological malignancies received haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from May 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The median age was 30 (14-60) years old. A total of 498 patients including 277 males and 221 females were enrolled. Donors' median age was 38 (8-66) years old. All patients were classified into long-term use of MMF (n=199), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hours from day 9 pre-transplant to 250 mg every 12 hours from day 30 after transplant then withdrawal on day 45 to 60 after transplant, and short-term use of MMF (n=299), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hour from day 9 pre-transplant then withdrawal till neutrophil engraftment. Kaplan-Meier model was used to analyze the cumulative incidence of EBV infection, and the Cox proportional regression model for multivariate analysis. Result: Characteristics including sex, age, disease types, mismatched HLA loci, donor-recipient relationship, donor-recipient blood type, donor age, and donor sex were comparable between two groups (all P>0.05). According to once, the incidence of EBV viremia, defined as EBV>103 copies/ml at least once, in short-term group and long-term group was 19.4% (58/299) and 27.6% (55/199) respectively (P=0.046).Donor age and the duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with EBV viremia according to multivariate analysis [HR=1.022(95%CI 1.006-1.038),1.600(95%CI 1.059-2.418);P=0.006 and 0.026, respectively]. The incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ acute GVHD in long-term and short-term group was 32.2% (64/199) versus 20.7% (62/299)(P=0.005) and 10.1% (20/199) versus 8.0% (24/299) (P=0.427), respectively. Donor sex (female as reference) and duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD [HR=1.908(95%CI 1.079-3.373),1.752(95%CI 1.161-2.643);P=0.026 and 0.008, respectively].There were no statistical differences in the incidence of CMV viremia, refractory CMV viremia and hemorrhagic cystitis (all P>0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion: Short-term use of MMF can reduce EBV viremia without increasing the development of acute GVHD in haplo-HSCT patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 659-664, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393224

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinicoradiological characteristics of clinical T1 renal cell carcinoma patients and to investigate the risk factors of renal sinus invasion in cT1 renal cell carcinoma patients undergoing nephrectomy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in cT1 renal cell carcinoma patients from January 2016 to August 2019 in Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital, who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy by analyzing clinicopathological and radiological data. The influencing factors of renal sinus invasion for cT1 renal cell carcinoma were determined by χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U test and Logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 507 patients were enrolled, including 354 males (69.8%) and 153 females (30.2%). The median age was 59 years and the median body mass index (BMI) was 25.5 kg/m2. Eighteen patients (3.6%) had gross hematuria preoperatively. The median tumor diameter was 3.5 cm. Three hundred twenty-two patients (63.5%) were staged clinical T1a and 165 cases (36.5%) were staged clinical T1b. The median R.E.N.A.L. score was 8. Three hundred fifty-nine patients (70.8%) had regular tumor border and 148 (29.2%) irregular. All the patients underwent surgical treatment, including 186 (36.7%) partial nephrectomy and 321 (63.3%) radical nephrectomy. Postoperative pathology showed seventy-five patients (14.8%) had renal sinus invasion, including 18 in cT1a (5.6%) and 57 in cT1b (30.8%). Univariate analysis showed that age (P=0.020), R.E.N.A.L. score (R value, E value, N value, P < 0.001) and tumor border (P < 0.001) were associated risk factors for cT1 renal cell carcinoma with renal sinus invasion. On multivariate binary Logistic analysis, R.E.N.A.L. score (P≤0.020) and irregular tumor border (P=0.001) were independent risk factors. CONCLUSION: For cT1 renal cell carcinoma patients undergoing nephrectomy, about 15% had renal sinus invasion postoperatively. High R.E.N.A.L. score and irre-gular tumor border help predicting cT1 renal cell carcinoma renal sinus invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefrectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 665-670, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of deep invasive tumor thrombus on the surgical complexity and prognosis of patients with renal cell carcinoma complicated with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 94 patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma complicated with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus, who underwent surgical treatment in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2017 to June 2020. The patient's general condition, clinicopathological characteristics, surgery and survival information were collected. The patients were divided into two groups based on the intra-operative findings of tumor thrombus adhesion to the venous wall, of which 64 cases were in the deep invasive tumor thrombus (DITT) group and 30 cases were in the non-invasive tumor thrombus (NITT) group. Chi-square, t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for categorical and continuous variables respectively. Kaplan-Meier plots and multivariable Cox regressions were performed to evaluate the influence of DITT on the prognosis of the patients with renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus. RESULTS: DITT significantly increase the difficulty of surgery for the patients with renal cell carcinoma with venous tumor thrombus, which was mainly reflected in the longer operation time (362.5 vs. 307.5 min, P=0.010), more surgical bleeding (1 200 vs. 450 mL, P=0.006), more surgical blood transfusion (800 vs. 0 mL, P=0.021), more plasma transfusion (200 vs. 0 mL, P=0.001), a higher proportion of open surgery (70.3% vs. 36.7%, P=0.002), a longer post-operative hospital stay (9.5 vs. 8 days, P=0.036), and a higher proportion of post-operative complications (46.9% vs. 13.8%, P=0.002). DITT was associated with worse overall survival of the patients with renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (P=0.022). Even in the multivariate analysis, DITT was still a poor prognostic factor for the overall survival of these patients [HR: 4.635 (1.017-21.116), P=0.047]. CONCLUSION: For patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus, DITT will significantly increase the difficulty of surgery, and may lead to poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Trombose , Transfusão de Componentes Sanguíneos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia , Plasma , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior
8.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 692-696, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between recovery of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and preoperative prostate apex depth (PAD) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 184 patients with pathologic confirmed prostate carcinoma who underwent LRP in Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital. All the patients received MRI examination before surgery. Membranous urethral length (MUL) was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the level of the urethra at penile bulb on the coronal image. PAD was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the suprapubic ridge line on sagittal MRI. PAD ratio (PADR) was defined as PAD/pubic height. All the patients received extraperitoneal LRP. The patients' reporting freedom from using safety pad (0 pad/d) were defined as urinary continence. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to identify independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank test were used to compare time to continence recovery between the groups. RESULTS: For all the 184 patients, the average age was (69.0±7.7) years, the ave-rage mass index(BMI) was (25.07±3.29) kg/m2, and the pre-biopsy PSA was (16.80±21.99) g/L. For all the patients who underwent MRI preoperatively, the mean PV was (39.35±25.25) mL and the mean MUL was (14.0±3.7) mm. The mean PAD was (24.52±4.97) mm and the mean PADR was 0.70±0.14. The continence rate for all the patients after LRP was 62.0% and 96.2% in three months and one year. The patients achieving early continence recovery had significant smaller PV (P=0.049), longer MUL (P < 0.001) and higher PADR (P=0.005). Multivariate analysis revealed MUL (P < 0.001) and PADR (P=0.032) were predictors of continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Log-rank test revealed that MUL (≥14 mm vs. < 14 mm, P < 0.001) and PADR (≥0.70 vs. < 0.70, P < 0.001), PV(< 50 mL vs. ≥50 mL, P=0.001) were all significantly associated with continence recovery. CONCLUSION: MUL and PADR are independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. MUL, PADR and PV are significantly associated with recovery of urinary continence.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Incontinência Urinária , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/cirurgia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
9.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 459-465, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384151

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of SET-NUP214 fusion gene in hematological malignancies and to analyze its related clinical biological characteristics. Methods: The clinical data of 24 patients with SET-NUP214 fusion gene-positive hematological malignancies were retrospectively analyzed, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Among the 24 patients with SET-NUP214 fusion gene, 15 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (13 cases of T-ALL and 2 cases of B-ALL) , 7 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) , and 2 cases of T/myeloid mixed acute leukemia have been identified. The immunophenotype of 13 cases of T-ALL was mainly characterized by CD3(+)CD2(-), 73.3% of ALL was characterized by myeloid marker expression, and 85.7% of AML was characterized by CD7 expression. Complete remission (CR) was achieved in 22 patients (91.7%) after induction chemotherapy. All 24 patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) . With a median follow-up of 24 months, the 3-year relapse free survival (RFS) of AML and ALL was 85.7% and 33.3%, respectively (P=0.128) . Comparing 13 cases of SET-NUP214-positive and 62 cases of SET-NUP214-negative T-ALL, the CR rates of induction chemotherapy were 92.3% and 93.5% (P=0.445) , and the 4-week CR rates of induction chemotherapy were 69.2% and 72.6%, respectively (P=0.187) ; the differences were not statistically significant. After HSCT, the 3-year RFS of SET-NUP214(+)T-ALL and SET-NUP214(-)T-ALL was 38.5% and 66.4%, respectively (P=0.028) , and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: The SET-NUP214 fusion gene is mainly detected in T cell-derived hematological malignancies, and the prognosis of SET-NUP214 positive T-ALL is relatively poor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Chaperonas de Histonas , Humanos , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(8): 3148, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928595

RESUMO

This paper presents inaccuracies and mistakes. Therefore, the article "Circ0021205 aggravates the progression of non-small cell lung cancer by targeting miRNA-16-5p/VEGFA, by Y. Yang, X.-J. Huang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (1): 213-221-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202001_19913-PMID: 31957834" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/19913.

11.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 101-108, 2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858039

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes in newly diagnosed patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP) by age. Methods: Clinical data of consecutive ≥14 years old newly diagnosed CML-CP patients were retrospectively analyzed. Results: This study included 957 patients. Of the patients, 597 (62.4%) were male. The median age was 40 years (range, 14-83 years) . The patients were stratified into three age groups: <40 years (n=470; 49.1%) , 40-59 years (n=371; 38.8%) , and ≥60 years (n=116; 12.1%) . The proportions of the patients who had splenomegaly (P<0.001) , WBC ≥100 × 10(9)/L (P<0.001) , anemia (P<0.001) , PLT<450 × 10(9)/L (P=0.022) , more blasts in the blood (P=0.010) , and clonal chromosome abnormalities in Philadelphia chromosome-positive cells (P=0.006) at diagnosis significantly decreased with age. However, the proportions of those with comorbidities (P<0.001) , intermediate or high Sokal risk (P<0.001) , and receiving imatinib as front-line therapy (P<0.001) significantly increased with age. No significant differences in gender and the EUTOS Long-Term Survival risks were noted across the three age groups. The multivariate analysis showed that ≥60 years was an adverse predictor for overall survival. However, age was not significantly associated with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy responses and other outcomes. The incidences of nonhematological toxicity were significantly increased with age during TKI therapy (P<0.001) . However, those of hematological toxicity was similar across the three age groups. The proportions of the patients maintaining imatinib therapy (P=0.026) and receiving low-dose TKI therapy (P<0.001) significantly increased with age at the end of follow-up. Conclusions: Significant differences exist in clinical characteristics, TKI response, overall survival rates, and nonhematological toxicity among newly diagnosed CML-CP patients of different ages.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 116-123, 2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858041

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the different values of minimal residual disease (MRD) detection by multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for predicting relapse, leukemia-free survival (LFS) , and overall survival (OS) in Philadelphia chromosome-positive ALL (Ph(+) ALL) . Methods: A retrospective study (n=280) was performed. MRD was determined using multiparameter flow cytometry and RQ-PCR. Results: MRD analysis with MFC and RQ-PCR of the BCR-ABL fusion transcript showed a strong correlation before transplantation. The positive rates of MRD detected by MFC and RQ-PCR before transplantation were 25.7% (72/280) and 60.7% (170/280) , respectively. MFC MRD-positive (MRDpos) Ph(+) ALL patients had a higher 3 year cumulative incidences of relapse (CIR) than did MFC MRD-negative (MRDneg) Ph(+) ALL patients (23.6%vs 8.6%; P<0.001) . However, the RQ-PCR MRDpos group had similar rates of 3 year OS, LFS, and NRM compared with those in the RQ-PCR MRDneg group. Moreover, patients with RQ-PCR MRD ≥1% experienced higher 3 year CIR (23.1%vs 11.4%; P=0.032) , lower LFS (53.8%vs 74.4%; P=0.015) , and OS (57.7% vs 79.1%; P=0.009) compared with the RQ-PCR MRD<1% group. Multivariate analyses confirmed the association of MFC MRD status and RQ-PCR MRD ≥1% with outcomes (P<0.05) . The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) , and negative predictive value (NPV) of MFC detection MRD to predict recurrence were 48.50%, 77.56%, 23.62%, and 87.16%, respectively. Moreover, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 23.00%, 88.59%, 17.15%, and 91.84%, respectively, when RQ-PCR MRD ≥1% was used to predict recurrence. Additionally, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 54.29%, 73.88%, 45.7% and 91.87%, respectively, when MRD-positive status before transplantation (MFC MRDpos or RQ-PCR MRD ≥1%) was used to predict recurrence after transplantation. Conclusions: Both MFC and RQ-PCR detection of pretransplant MRD levels can predict the prognosis of Ph(+) B-ALL patients receiving allogeneic HSCT. MFC MRD-positive status before transplantation is the risk factor of leukemia recurrence after transplantation. The combined use of the two methods (MFC MRDpos or RQ-PCR MRD ≥1%) can improve the sensitivity, PPV, and NPV of predicting recurrence and help to better screen high-risk patients for intervention, thereby improving clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia de Células B , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo
13.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(5): 459-465, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906276

RESUMO

Objective: Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT. Methods: Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People's Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D-/R+ group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D+/R+ group). Results: Patients in D-/R+ group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D+/R+ group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D-/R+ group was longer than that of D+/R+ group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D-/R+ group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D+/R+ group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D-/R+ group were both higher than those in D+/R+ group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D-/R+ group was more than that in D+/R+ group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions: Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D-/R+ group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Citomegalovirus , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(1): 21-26, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677864

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effect and safety of plerixafor combined with G-CSF mobilization in plasma cell disease. Methods: The clinical baseline data, success rate of collection, and adverse reactions of consecutive cases of plasma cell disease were analyzed retrospectively, where the patients received plerixafor combined with G-CSF for autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019. Results: Forty-nine patients with plasma disease were included, of which 39 (79.6% ) were multiple myeloma, 8 (16.3% ) were amyloidosis, and 2 (4.1% ) were monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance. A total of 16 patients (32.7% ) had renal insufficiency, and 7 patients (14.3% ) had previous collection failure. The median times of apheresis was 1 (1-3) , median days of apheresis was 2 (1-3) days, 47 patients (95.9% ) were successfully collected for once, and the success rate of collection for twice was 100% after using plerixafor for mobilization. In 16 patients with renal insufficiency, collection was successful in 5 patients (31.3% ) on the first day, while aphresis was required in 8 patients (50% ) on the second day and 3 (18.8% ) on the third day. The main adverse reactions were fatigue, insomnia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, and arthralgia. A total of 37 patients underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with 11 (8-13) days for neutrophil engraftment, and 11 (9-26) days for platelet engraftment. Conclusions: Plerixafor combined with G-CSF has a high success rate in mobilizaion of autologous hematopoietic stem cells in patients with plasma cell disease with minimum side effects, even in patients with renal insufficiency.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Compostos Heterocíclicos , Mieloma Múltiplo , Benzilaminas , Ciclamos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Plasmócitos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 278-283, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626616

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of HIV self-testing reagent use in pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and related factors in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: From December 2018 to December 2019, "Gold data" online platform (www.jinshuju.com) was used to conduct multicenter PrEP studies in Shenyang, Beijing, Chongqing and Shenzhen of China. Results: A total of 1 222 MSM PrEP users were included in the multicenter study. The average age of the participants was (31.5±8.7) years, and the number of sexual partners in the past three months was 3 (P25,P75:2,6). The proportions of those who did not use condoms in anal sex with fixed, casual and commercial partners were 62.7% (456/727), 56.3% (440/781) and 41.0% (16/39), respectively. Up to 74.5% (910/1 222) of participants had used HIV self-testing reagents, and the number of HIV self-testing during last year was 3 (P25,P75:2,5). The multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that compared with age group >40 years, those with education level of junior high school or below, those with psychological identity as female, event driven PrEP users, those never using new type drugs in past 3 months, the participants aged 18- years (aOR=2.06, 95%CI: 1.35-3.14), 26- years (aOR=2.72, 95%CI: 1.77-4.17), 31- years (aOR=1.76, 95%CI: 1.19-2.59), undergraduates (aOR=2.18, 95%CI: 1.35-3.49), graduate students and above (aOR=3.06, 95%CI: 1.69-5.54), those with psychological identity as male (aOR=3.22, 95%CI: 1.55-6.70), daily PrEP users (aOR=1.35, 95%CI: 1.03-1.78), and new type drug users in the past three months (aOR=1.72, 95%CI: 1.30-2.28) had higher proportions of HIV self-testing behaviors. Conclusions: The proportion of HIV self-testing in MSM PrEP users was high, while it was relatively low in older age group, event driven PrEP users and MSM never using new type drugs. To assess and improve the effectiveness and compliance of PrEPs, it is necessary to provide better HIV self-testing service for MSM with low HIV self-testing rate.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Homossexualidade Masculina , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Autoteste , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Indicadores e Reagentes , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 203(1): 137-149, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020903

RESUMO

Young donors are reported to be associated with better transplant outcomes than older donors in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), but the mechanism is still unclear. The current study compared the different subsets of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and their progenitors as well as immune cells in bone marrow (BM) between young and older donors. The frequencies of HSCs, multipotent progenitors (MPPs) and myeloid progenitors, including common myeloid progenitors (CMPs) and megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitors (MEPs), were decreased, whereas those of lymphoid progenitors, including multi-potent lymphoid progenitors (MLPs) and common lymphoid progenitors (CLPs), were increased in the BM of young donors compared with in that of older donors. Lower reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were observed in BM HSCs and six progenitor lines in young donors. Furthermore, young donors demonstrated higher frequencies of naive T cells and immune suppressor cells, such as alternative macrophages (M2) and lower frequencies of memory T cells and immune effectors, including T helper-1 and T cytotoxic-1 cells, in BM than older donors. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that donor age was independently correlated with BM HSC frequency. Although further validation is required, our results suggest that the differences in the frequency and immune differentiation potential of HSCs in BM between young donors and older donors may partly explain the different outcomes of allo-HSCT.

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