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1.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: and purpose: For gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis (GCPM), there is no universally accepted prognostic staging system. This study aimed to validate the predictive ability of the 15th peritoneal metastasis staging system (P1abc) of the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma (JCGC). METHODS: The data of 309 GCPM patients from July 2007 to July 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. This study compared the prognosis prediction performances of P1abc, the previous JCGC PM staging (P123) and Gilly staging systems. RESULTS: The survival curve revealed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) predicted by P1abc, P123 and Gilly staging (all P < 0.05), and the survival of the two adjacent substages were well distinguished by P1abc but not by P123 and Gilly staging. Both P123 and Gilly staging were substituted with P1abc staging in a 2-step multivariate analysis. The results showed that P1abc staging was superior to both P123 and Gilly staging in its discriminatory ability (C-index), predictive accuracy (AIC) and predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square). A stratified analysis by different therapies indicated that for the P1a and P1b patients, OS following palliative resection combined with palliative chemotherapy (PRCPC) was better than that after palliative resection (PR) or palliative chemotherapy (PC) alone (P < 0.05). For the P1c patients, OS after receiving PC was significantly superior to that after receiving PRCPC or PR (P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: P1abc staging is superior to P123 and Gilly staging in predicting the survival of GCPM patients. Surgeons can provide these patients with appropriate treatment options according to the corresponding substages within P1abc.

2.
Biologicals ; 63: 74-80, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753578

RESUMO

The traditional vaccine strains, such as LaSota, do not completely prevent the shedding of NDV. An ideal vaccine which could not only prevent the clinical signs, but significantly reduce the shedding of NDV is urgently needed for the eradication of ND. In this study, an NDV isolate APMV-1/Chicken/China (SC)/PT3/2016 (hereafter referred as PT3) was identified as a class Ⅰ NDV and a lentogenic strain. The antigenic relationship between PT3 and 3 other NDV strains, including vaccine strain LaSota and 2 prevalent genotype Ⅶd and Ⅵb strains were analyzed. The protective efficacy of PT3 and LaSota against challenge with genotype Ⅶd and Ⅵb strains were assessed. The antigenic analysis result showed that 4 strains belong to the single serotype and the PT3 antiserum exhibited the highest HI titer against 3 other NDV strains. The results of protective efficacy showed that both of LaSota and PT3 could provide 100% survivability for infected chickens. However, PT3 performed better in inducing higher humoral responses and reducing virus shedding than the LaSota strain. Lentogenic strains from Class I NDV appear to be promising vaccine candidates for the control of ND, and allows for the easy discrimination of field NDV and vaccine strains.

3.
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 24(1): 33-37, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880483

RESUMO

Background: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is a major proinflammatory cytokine that has been posited to be involved in the development of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Several studies have been carried out that explored the association between the TNF-α -308A/G polymorphism and CP; however, conflicting results have emerged. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to provide a more precise assessment of the relationship between the TNF-α -308A/G polymorphism and CP risk. Methods: Case-control studies were identified using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure through January 2019 from which seven were identified that met all inclusion criteria. Results: This meta-analysis included 695 CP cases and 742 controls. A positive association was found between the A allele and the risk of CP using the additive model (OR [odds ratio] = 1.83, 95% CI [confidence interval] = 1.08-3.10). We also found, after excluding the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium-violating studies, that the AA genotype was significantly associated with CP in both the additive and recessive models (OR = 2.28, 95% CI = 1.27-4.07; OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.26-3.81). Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicates that the A allele of the TNF-α -308A/G polymorphism increases the risk of CP.

5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19098, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836764

RESUMO

This study investigated the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and associated factors among urban adults in southwestern China. The study was conducted from 2013-2014 and used a multistage cluster sampling method to select a representative sample of 11,517 people in southwestern China, aged 35-79 years. Hypertension was defined as either systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or greater, diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater, or self-reported current treatment for hypertension with antihypertensive medications. In the study population, hypertension prevalence was found to be 38.4%, with rates of 40.0% and 37.5% for men and women, respectively (p = 0.03). Hypertension prevalence increased with age in both men and women (trend p both <0.01). Among hypertensive patients, 47.9% were aware of their hypertension, 40.1% were undergoing antihypertensive treatment, and 10.3% achieved BP control. A multiple-factor analysis revealed that age, male gender, low educational achievement, family history of hypertension, overweight or obesity, abdominal obesity, and hypertriglyceridemia were positively related to hypertension, while physical exercise was negatively related to hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension among urban adults aged 35 to 79 years in southwestern China was high, while levels of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension were low. Multifaceted interventional measures are needed to solve the unmet needs.

6.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(21): 3419-3435, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of proximal gastric cancer (GC) is increasing, and methods for the prediction of the long-term survival of proximal GC patients have not been well established. AIM: To develop nomograms for the prediction of long-term survival among proximal GC patients. METHODS: Between January 2007 and June 2013, we prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 746 patients with proximal GC, who were divided into a training set (n = 560, 75%) and a validation set (n = 186, 25%). A Cox regression analysis was used to identify the preoperative and postoperative risk factors for overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Among the 746 patients examined, the 3- and 5-year OS rates were 66.1% and 58.4%, respectively. In the training set, preoperative T stage (cT), N stage (cN), CA19-9, tumor size, ASA core, and 3- to 6-mo weight loss were incorporated into the preoperative nomogram to predict the OS. In addition to these variables, lymphatic vascular infiltration (LVI), postoperative tumor size, T stage, N stage, blood transfusions, and complications were incorporated into the postoperative nomogram. All calibration curves used to determine the OS probability fit well. In the training set, the preoperative nomogram achieved a C-index of 0.751 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.732-0.770] in predicting OS and accurately stratified the patients into four prognostic subgroups (5-year OS rates: 86.8%, 73.0%, 43.72%, and 20.9%, P < 0.001). The postoperative nomogram had a C-index of 0.758 in predicting OS and accurately stratified the patients into four prognostic subgroups (5-year OS rates: 82.6%, 74.3%, 45.9%, and 18.9%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The nomograms accurately predicted the pre- and postoperative long-term survival of proximal GC patients.

7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15838, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676873

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the prevalence and related factors of obesity-related hypertension among adults aged 40 to 79 years in Southwest China. From September 2013 to March 2014, a multi-stage, stratified sampling method was conducted on 10,589 people aged 40 to 79 years and living in Chengdu and Chongqing investigated by using a questionnaire and performing physical and biochemical measurements. The prevalence of obesity-related hypertension and hypertension overall (systolic ≥130 mmHg and/or diastolic ≥80 mmHg or treated hypertension) was 22.8% and 57.4%, respectively, among all participants. For obesity-related hypertension, the prevalence was higher in women than in men (24.7% versus 19.4%, p < 0.001). For people in the age ranges of 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥70, the prevalence of obesity-related hypertension were 11.8%, 22.6%, 30.7%, and 36.6%, respectively. Participants with obesity-related hypertension as opposed to those with non-obesity-related hypertension had a higher prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, diabetes, and hyperuricemia (all p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, female gender, current smoking, hypertriglyceridemia, diabetes and family history of hypertension were all positively correlated with obesity-related hypertension, whereas higher education level and having spouse were negatively correlated with obesity-related hypertension. The prevalence of obesity-related hypertension was high among adults aged 40 to 79 years in Southwest China. Cardiometabolic abnormalities among participants with obesity-related hypertension were more serious and frequently present than in those with non-obesity-related hypertension. Aggressive and holistic strategies aiming at the prevention and treatment of obesity-related hypertension are needed.

8.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Well-designed retrospective studies (RSs) and small-sample prospective studies (PSs) evaluating the efficacy of interventions have received much attention. This study was designed to evaluate the differences between well-designed RSs and small-sample randomized controlled trials based on the efficacy of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) and open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 1360 patients with GC who underwent DG were analysed. After propensity score matching (1:1), 380 cases (ODG = 190, LDG = 190) were finally selected in a RS. Meanwhile, data from 120 patients (ODG = 60, LDG = 60) who enrolled in a PS were analysed. RESULTS: In the PS, the LDG group had less intraoperative blood loss, shorter time to first flatus, and shorter time to fluid diet than the ODG group. In the RS, the LDG group had less intraoperative blood loss, and a shorter postoperative hospital stay than the ODG group. In the PS, the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 83.3% in the LDG group and 83.2% in the ODG group (p = 0.877). In the RS, the 3-year OS rate was 68.7% in the LDG group and 66.6% in the ODG group (p = 0.752). No significant interactions were observed between the two groups and any of the variables examined, either in the PS or RS. The recurrence patterns were similar in the two groups. Furthermore, Cox regression analysis showed that surgical method (LDG/ODG) was not a prognostic factor affecting OS or DFS, either prospectively or retrospectively. CONCLUSIONS: The oncologic efficacy of laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for advanced GC is comparable. Well-designed RSs can be similar to small sample of PSs in assessing long-term oncologic outcomes of surgical interventions, but the short-term outcomes obtained should be treated with caution.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(22)2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739611

RESUMO

The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus prevalent in east and southeast Asia, the Western Pacific, and northern Australia. Since viruses are obligatory intracellular pathogens, the dynamic processes of viral entry, replication, and assembly are dependent on numerous host-pathogen interactions. Efforts to identify JEV-interacting host factors are ongoing because their identification and characterization remain incomplete. Three enzymatic activities of flavivirus non-structural protein 3 (NS3), including serine protease, RNA helicase, and triphosphatase, play major roles in the flaviviruses lifecycle. To identify cellular factors that interact with NS3, we screened a human brain cDNA library using a yeast two-hybrid assay, and identified eight proteins that putatively interact with NS3: COPS5, FBLN5, PPP2CB, CRBN, DNAJB6, UBE2N, ZNF350, and GPR137B. We demonstrated that the DnaJ heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member B6 (DNAJB6) colocalizes and interacts with NS3, and has a negative regulatory function in JEV replication. We also show that loss of DNAJB6 function results in significantly increased viral replication, but does not affect viral binding or internalization. Moreover, the time-course of DNAJB6 disruption during JEV infection varies in a viral load-dependent manner, suggesting that JEV targets this host chaperone protein for viral benefit. Deciphering the modes of NS3-interacting host proteins functions in virion production will shed light on JEV pathogenic mechanisms and may also reveal new avenues for antiviral therapeutics.

11.
Org Lett ; 21(20): 8479-8484, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580686

RESUMO

Presented in this paper is photoinduced hydroxylation of organic halides, providing a mild access to a range of functionalized phenols and aliphatic alcohols. These reactions generally proceed under mild reaction conditions with no need for a photocatalyst or a strong base and show a wide substrate scope as well as excellent functional group tolerance. This work highlights the unique role of NaI that allows a challenging transformation to proceed under mild reaction conditions.

12.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 20(9): 31-41, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483573

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the fixed-jaw intensity-modulated radiotherapy (F-IMRT) and tangential partial volumetric modulated arc therapy (tP-VMAT) treatment plans for synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Twelve SBBC patients with pTis-2N0M0 stages who underwent whole-breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery were planned with F-IMRT and tP-VMAT techniques prescribing 42.56 Gy (2.66 Gy*16f) to the breast. The F-IMRT used 8-12 jaw-fixed tangential fields with single (sF-IMRT) or two (F-IMRT) isocenters located under the sternum or in the center of the left and right planning target volumes (PTVs), and tP-VMAT used 4 tangential partial arcs with two isocenters located in the center of the left and right PTVs. Plan evaluation was based on dose-volume histogram (DVH) analysis. Dosimetric parameters were calculated to evaluate plan quality; total monitor units (MUs), and the gamma analysis for patient-specific quality assurance (QA) were also evaluated. RESULTS: For PTVs, the three plans had similar Dmean and conformity index (CI) values. F-IMRT showed a slightly better target coverage according to the V100% values and demonstrated an obvious reduction in V105% and Dmax compared with the values observed for sF-IMRT and tP-VMAT. Compared with tP-VMAT, sF-IMRT was slightly better in terms of V100% , V105% and Dmax . In addition, F-IMRT achieved the best homogeneity index (HI) values for PTVs. Concerning healthy tissue, tP-VMAT had an advantage in minimizing the high dose volume. The MUs of the tP-VMAT plan were decreased approximately 1.45 and 1 times compared with the sF-IMRT and F-IMRT plans, respectively, and all plans passed QA. For the lungs, heart and liver, F-IMRT achieved the smallest values in terms of Dmean and showed a significant difference compared with tP-VMAT. Simultaneously, sF-IMRT was also superior to tP-VMAT. For the coronary artery, tP-VMAT achieved the lowest Dmean , while the value for F-IMRT was 2.24% lower compared with sF-IMRT. For all organs at risk (OARs), tP-VMAT was superior at the high dose level. In contrast, sF-IMRT and F-IMRT were obviously superior at the low dose level. The sF-IMRT and F-IMRT plans showed consistent trends. CONCLUSION: All treatment plans for the provided techniques were of high quality and feasible for SBBC patients. However, we recommend F-IMRT with a single isocenter as a priority technique because of the tremendous advantage of local hot spot control in PTVs and the reduced dose to OARs at low dose levels. When the irradiated dose to the lungs and heart exceed the clinical restriction, two isocenter F-IMRT can be used to maximize OAR sparing. Additionally, tP-VMAT can be adopted for improving cold spots in PTVs or high-dose exposure to normal tissue when the interval between PTVs is narrow.

13.
Org Lett ; 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407585

RESUMO

Presented in this work is a novel methodology for the synthesis of selenated benzofurans (or benzothiophenes) via AgNO2-catalyzed radical cyclization of 2-alkynylanisoles (or 2-alkynylthioanisoles), Se powder, and arylboronic acids. This method enables the construction of a benzofuran (benzothiophene) ring, two C-Se bonds, and a C-O(S) bond as well as the cleavage of a C-O(S) bond in a single step. Preliminary mechanistic studies imply that the AgNO2-catalyzed cyclization proceeds via an aryl selenium radical intermediate.

14.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 6477-6487, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372049

RESUMO

Purpose: Postoperative radiotherapy (RT) can improve survival for T1-2N1 breast cancer. However, there exists a concern whether BCS plus RT has the same or a superior therapeutic effect as that of mastectomy. In this study, we aimed to compare the long-term results between RT after BCS and postmastectomy RT in stage T1-2N1M0 breast cancer. Patients and Methods: Totally 1816 pathological stage T1-2N1M0 breast cancer patients were analyzed. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to select 196 pairs of patients between BCS and mastectomy receiving postoperative RT. Five-year locoregional relapse (LRR), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis (DM), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), disease-free survival (DFS), breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) were analyzed as endpoints. Results: In the whole group, significant differences were observed in all endpoints (P<0.05) between the no-RT and RT groups. For patients receiving mastectomy, DM, DMFS, DFS and BCSS rates had no differences between the two groups. For patients without RT in the multivariable analysis, the molecular subtype was associated with each endpoint (P<0.05). Age, primary tumor site, tumor size, and LVI status were significantly associated with DM. The analysis of 196 pairs of patients selected by PSM showed that BCS plus RT resulted in a significantly lower 5-year DM rate (P=0.015) and superior survival in terms of the 5-year DMFS (P=0.046), DFS (P=0.049) and BCSS (P=0.024) compared with mastectomy. Conclusions: Postoperative radiotherapy remarkably improved survival in T1-2N1M0 breast cancer but not in the mastectomy subgroup, except for LRR and LRFS. Patients with BCS plus RT had better survival compared with those with postmastectomy radiation in terms of DM, DMFS, DFS and BCSS.

15.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(14): 1884-1891, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in the presacral region are extremely rare, some of which are caused by other primary tumors or metastatic rectal carcinoids. Nevertheless, cases of NETs have been increasing in recent years. This report describes the first primary neuroendocrine tumor in the presacral region that was found at our hospital within the last five years. CASE SUMMARY: The patient was identified as a 36-year-old woman with a presacral mass and pelvic floor pain. A digital rectal examination revealed a presacral mass with unclear margins and obvious tenderness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a 57 mm × 29 mm presacral lump. An ultrasound-guided needle biopsy confirmed a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor. No other primary or metastatic tumors were found. CONCLUSION: Comprehensive consideration of our case report and literature reported by others suggests that a conclusive diagnosis of NETs should be based on computed tomography/MRI and pathological examinations. The treatment of primary NETs in the presacral region mainly relies on surgical procedures with follow-up.

16.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; 82(4): e13168, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299118

RESUMO

PROBLEM: Studies assessing the association between vitamin D deficiency and preeclampsia (PE) have not reached a consensus. The study aimed to investigate the role of vitamin D in the occurrence of PE through its immune-modulatory effects on Treg/Th17 cell ratio. METHOD OF STUDY: This is a case-control study of third-trimester pregnant women. Peripheral blood 25(OH)D, TGF-ß1, IL-6, and Treg/Th17 cells were analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-three pregnant women were recruited, and 100 women (59 with a normal pregnancy (NP) and 41 with PE) were included in the study. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 69.3%. Vitamin D-deficient pregnant women (25(OH) D < 20 ng/mL) had fivefold higher risk to develop PE than those with 25(OH)D level ≥20 ng/mL (OR = 5.29, CI 95% = 1.81-15.41). PE patients had lower circulating levels of 25(OH)D (12.83 ± 5.37 ng/mL vs 20.76 ± 9.63 ng/mL, P < .0001) and Treg/Th17 cell ratio (1.61 ± 0.71% vs 2.94 ± 1.35%, P < .0001), compared to women with NP. In patients with PE, 25(OH)D level correlated negatively with IL-6 levels (r = -.60, P < .0001) and positively with Treg/Th17 cell ratio (r = .89, P < .0001). We also observed a negative relationship between IL-6 levels and Treg/Th17 cell ratio (r = -.54, P = .0002). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated the correlation between low plasma vitamin D level and altered immune parameters in PE. We propose that, through its effects on Treg/Th17 cell ratio, vitamin D might influence the occurrence of PE.

17.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110577, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220534

RESUMO

Cadmium and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) are both common and widespread pollutants in food and feed. There are several reports on toxicity induced by Cadmium or AFB1 alone, but few address the toxicity caused by co-exposure to the two substances. In this study, 42 female and 42 male Kunming (KM) mice were divided into seven groups to test the acute oral toxicity of CdCl2 and AFB1, using Karber's method. The combined toxicity was assessed using the Keplinger evaluation system. Acute toxicity symptoms, deaths, and body and organ weights were evaluated, and hematological, blood biochemical, and histopathological analyses were conducted. The results revealed the following median lethal doses (LD50): LD50(Female KM mice) = 62.56 mg/kg; LD50(Male KM mice) = 48.79 mg/kg; LD50(KM mice)=55.27 mg/kg. The combined toxicity of AFB1 and CdCl2 showed an additive effect in mice, and an increase in the mixed dose of AFB1 and CdCl2 resulted in greater toxicity. These results demonstrated that the combined toxicity of AFB1 and CdCl2 was greater than the toxicities of the individual components in mice; thus, this may cause particular challenges when addressing these hazards in food and feed and the associated risk to human and animal health.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Cádmio/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Aflatoxina B1/administração & dosagem , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio/administração & dosagem , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Feminino , Rim/patologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda
18.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(8): 992-1000, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extranodal natural killer (NK) T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type is a rare subtype of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by vascular damage and necrosis. The lesions usually present in the nasal cavity and adjacent tissues, however, the disease originates from the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tract in 25% of cases. Since rectal involvement in ENKTL is rare, rectal symptoms in the course of ENKTL are often misdiagnosed and considered to be related to benign diseases such as rectal fistula or perianal abscess. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 24-year-old Han Chinese female who initially presented with a perianal abscess that was subsequently diagnosed as nasal type ENKTL. Due to typical perianal pain, perianal abscess was diagnosed and surgical incision and drainage were performed. After recurrent, severe anal hemorrhages leading to hypovolemic shock and multiple surgeries, a diagnosis of ENKTL was made. The patient's condition gradually deteriorated, and she died shortly after initiation of chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Systemic and neoplastic diseases should be included in the differential diagnosis of any potentially benign perianal abscess complicated with recurrent hemorrhages.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(100): 14148-14151, 2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30506077

RESUMO

A radical cascade cyclization of 2-alkynylthioanisoles with α-oxocarboxylic acids with AgNO3 has been described. This reaction provides a novel route to directly access 3-acylbenzothiophenes from simple chemical feedstocks. In particular, the utility of the approach was demonstrated by its application to the synthesis of a polymerization inhibitor and a raloxifene precursor.

20.
Brain Circ ; 4(1): 24-32, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30276333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tenuigenin (TEN), a major active component of the Chinese herb Polygala tenuifolia root, has been used to improve memory and cognitive function in Traditional Chinese Medicine for centuries. PURPOSE: The present study was designed to explore the possible neuroprotective effect of TEN on the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rat model of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD). METHODS: STZ was injected twice intracerebroventrically (3 mg/kg, ICV) on alternate days (day 1 and day 3) in Rats. Daily treatment with TEN (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg) starting from the first dose of STZ for 28 days. Memory-related behaviors were evaluated using the Morris water maze test. Hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins in hippocampus were measured by western blot assay. Superoxide dismutase activities, malondialdehyde, glutathione peroxidase and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal adducts contents were also measured in the hippocampus. RESULTS: Treatment with TEN significantly improved STZ-induced cognitive damage, markedly reduced changes in malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal adducts, and significantly inhibited STZ-induced reduction in superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities in the hippocampus. In addition, TEN decreased hyperphosphorylation of tau resulting from intracerebroventricular STZ (ICV-STZ) injection, and Nissl staining results showed that TEN has protective effects on hippocampal neurons. CONCLUSION: These results provide experimental evidence demonstrating preventive effect of TEN on cognitive dysfunction, oxidative stress, and hyperphosphorylation of tau in ICV-STZ rats. This study indicates that TEN may have beneficial effects in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as AD.

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