Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 800
Filtrar
1.
Clin Transplant ; : e14160, 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine possible predictors and clinical course of mixed chimerism (MC) in aplastic anemia after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 207 transplants were obtained from haploidentical donors (HID) using busulfan (Bu), cyclophosphamide (Cy) and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) regimens, and 69 transplants from matched related donors (MRD) and 29 transplants from unrelated donors (URD) using Cy/ATG regimens were obtained. RESULTS: Incidences of MC were 1.93±0.01%, 20.29±0.01%, and 35.71±0.01% in HID, MRD and URD transplantation (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, incidence of MC was significantly higher in patients without adding Bu in conditioning (P<0.001) and receiving a lower number of CD3+ cells in graft (P = 0.042). MC was associated with significantly lower II-IV aGvHD (3.70% vs. 27.7%, P = 0.007), but higher secondary graft rejection rates (14.8% vs. 0.4%, P<0.001) and poorer overall survival (72.7±8.9% vs. 89.6±2.0%, P = 0.011) than those of donor chimerism cohort. CONCLUSIONS: MC was an unsettling status even in non-malignancy. Haploidentical transplantation with more intense regimen by adding Bu to Cy and ATG was associated with reduced MC following HSCT for SAA. An intensified regimen should be explored in matched related or unrelated donors.

2.
Ann Hematol ; 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159239

RESUMO

The purpose of our study is to identify the efficacy of ruxolitinib in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) recipients with multidrug-resistant (MDR)-graft-versus-host disease (GVHD, n = 34). MDR-GVHD was defined as GVHD showing no improvement after at least 3 types of treatments. The median number of previous GVHD-therapies was 4 for both MDR-acute GVHD (aGVHD) and MDR-chronic GVHD (cGVHD). For MDR-aGVHD (n = 15), the median time to response was 10 days (range 2 to 65), and the overall response rate (ORR) was 60.0% (9/15), including 40.0% (6/15) complete response (CR) and 20.0% (3/15) partial response (PR). The 1-year probability of overall survival after ruxolitinib was 66.7%. The rates of hematologic and infectious toxicities were 73.3% and 46.7% after ruxolitinib treatment. For MDR-cGVHD (n = 19), the median time to response was 29 days (range 6 to 175), and the ORR was 89.5% (17/19), including 26.3% (5/19) CR and 63.2% (12/19) PR. All patients remained alive until our last follow-up. The rates of hematologic and infectious toxicities were 36.8% and 47.4% after ruxolitinib treatment. Ruxolitinib is an effective salvage treatment for MDR-GVHD in haplo-HSCT recipients.

3.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2002841, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104441
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) for children with intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (IR-AML) in first complete remission has been controversial. The present study compared the effect of chemotherapy with unmanipulated haplo-HSCT as treatment of patients with IR-AML in first complete remission (CR1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 80 children with IR-AML and compared the effects of chemotherapy (n = 47) with those of haplo-HSCT (n = 33) as treatment in CR1. RESULTS: The 3-year overall survival, event-free survival (EFS), and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) was 85.4% ± 4.1%, 73.2% ± 5.0%, and 25.4% ± 4.5%, respectively. Compared with the chemotherapy group, the patients in the haplo-HSCT group had a lower CIR (P = .059) and better EFS (P = .108), but roughly equivalent overall survival (P = .841). Multivariate analysis revealed chemotherapy and minimal residual disease (MRD) of ≥ 10-3 after induction therapy as independent risk factors affecting CIR and EFS. EFS (P = .045) and CIR (P = .045) differed significantly between the 2 treatment groups in patients with MRD of ≥ 10-3 after induction therapy. CONCLUSION: Haplo-HSCT might be a feasible option for children with IR-AML in CR1, especially for patients with MRD of ≥ 10-3 after induction therapy.

5.
Chem Biodivers ; 17(11): e2000708, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935916

RESUMO

Myrtucyclitones A-C ((+)- and (-)-1-3), three pairs of new triketone-phloroglucinol-triketone hybrids were isolated from the plant Myrtus communis. Their structures with absolute configurations were established by NMR analysis and chemical calculations. Myrtucyclitones B and C exhibited remarkable antibacterial effect.

6.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(8): 868-870, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893802

RESUMO

Glyphosate is a widely used herbicide. Acute glyphosate poisoning is not uncommon, mostly caused by a large amount of glyphosate entering the human body in a short time, and the common reason is taking it accidently. The manifestations of acute stage are mainly gastrointestinal reactions. The patient in the present study took glyphosate accidently. In the acute stage, the patient presented with nausea and vomiting, but no gastrointestinal bleeding or perforation was found. Upper gastrointestinal obstruction occurred after two months. Endoscopy revealed no abnormalities in the esophagus, but revealed multiple gastric scar changes, and pyloric obstruction. In addition, active gastric ulcer was also observed. Therefore, the choice of gastric lavage method, avoidance of neutralising acid-base reactions, and the long-term use of acid suppression and mucosal protection therapy may have important therapeutic implications for the repair of gastric mucosa in such cases. Key Words: Glyphosate, Ulceration, Pyloric obstruction.

7.
Carbohydr Polym ; 249: 116813, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933661

RESUMO

Arabinoxylan (BIF-60) was isolated from barley water-insoluble fiber (BIF) by ethanol precipitation at 60 % (v/v). BIF-60 was composed of xylose (48.5 %) and arabinose (30.3 %). Its average molecular weight was 1360 kDa. Methylation and 1D/2D NMR analysis showed that BIF-60 possessed ß-(l→4)-xylan as backbone, comprised of un-substituted (1,4-linked ß-Xylp, 56.9 %), mono-substituted (1,2,4-linked and 1,3,4-linked ß-Xylp, 22.1 %) and di-substituted (1,2,3,4-lin4ked ß-Xylp, 18.4 %) xylose units, as well as other residues (T-Araf-(1→, T-Xylp-(1→, →5)-Araf-(1→, →2)-Araf-(1→, →3)-Araf-(1→ and →4)-Glcp-(1→). BIF-60 exhibited shear-thinning behaviour, low gel stability and weak gelling ability at high concentrations. This work provides a theoretical and experimental basis for molecular structure and properties of the alkali-extracted arabinoxylan from barley kernel, which could guide further functional research and application of barley-derived arabinoxylan.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 88: 106890, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818705

RESUMO

Therapeutic options for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated post-transplantation lymphoproliferative diseases (PTLD) are currently limited, accompanying with some off-target toxicities. We previously demonstrated that early recovery of Vδ2+ T cells inversely correlated to EBV reactivation after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Studies in vitro and in the mouse models showed the cytotoxic activity of Vδ2+ T cells on EBV-transformed lymphoproliferative cells, but the efficacy was moderate. Bisphosphonate, such as pamidronate (PAM), have been reported as a sensitizer to trigger tumor cells for Vδ2+ T cells recognition. Valproic acid (VPA) has attracted attentions due to its adjuvant anti-tumor effect with chemotherapy or immunotherapy. Whether PAM and VPA facilitate the immunogenicity of EBV-infected cells towards Vδ2+ T cells cytotoxicity remains unknown. Herein, we demonstrated that lower dosage of VPA and/or PAM did not induce apoptosis of EBV-transformed B lymphoblastoid cell lines (EBV-LCLs) or Vδ2+ T cells. Notably, pre-treatment with PAM significantly increased the cell death of EBV-LCLs after co-culture with Vδ2+ T cells at different ratios. Combining treatment with VPA reinforced the sensitizing effect of PAM. This efficacy was through inducing the accumulation of mevalonate pathway intermediates and dependent on the γδ T cell receptor of Vδ2+ T cells. Similar sensitizing effects of PAM and PAM plus VPA were also demonstrated on the primary PTLD cells. These results highlight the roles of PAM and VPA in the enhancement of immune surveillance and expand the fields of these two drugs in the treatment of different types of malignancies.

9.
Thromb Res ; 194: 168-175, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is regarded as a curative therapy for majority of hematologic malignancies and some non-malignant hematologic diseases. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has become increasingly recognized as a severe complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). OBJECTIVES: To show the characteristics of VTE after haploidentical donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HID-HSCT) and make comparisons with matched related donor HSCT (MRD-HSCT). PATIENTS/METHODS: A retrospective nested case-control study design was used, cases with VTE and matched controls were selected, with 3534 patients underwent HID-HSCT and 1289 underwent MRD-HSCT. RESULTS: During follow-up, 114 patients with VTE were identified. The incidence of VTE in HID-HSCT group was similar to that of MRD-HSCT group (2.4% versus 2.3%, P = 0.92). In HID-HSCT group, VTE occurred at a median time of 92.5 days, which was earlier than MRD-HSCT group (243.5 days). For HID-HSCT, advanced disease status, cardiovascular risk factors, acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and relapse were the independent risk factors for VTE. For MRD-HSCT, cardiovascular risk factors, aGVHD, and relapse were associated with VTE. Overall survival (OS) of patients following HID-HSCT and MRD-HSCT were similar, but the OS in patients with VTE was significantly lower than patients without VTE. CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistical difference in the incidence of VTE after HID-HSCT compared with MRD-HSCT. The development of VTE adversely impacted the OS after allo-HSCT.

10.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2659-2670, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734550

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can cause end-organ diseases including pneumonia, gastroenteritis, retinitis, and encephalitis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. Potential differences among different CMV diseases remain uncertain. This study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics, risk factors, and mortality among different CMV diseases. A retrospective nested case-control study was performed based on a cohort of 3862 patients who underwent haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at a single-center. CMV diseases occurred in 113 (2.92%) of 3862 haplo-HSCT recipients, including probable CMV pneumonia (CMVP, n = 34), proven CMV gastroenteritis (CMVG, n = 34), CMV retinitis (CMVR, n = 31), probable CMV encephalitis (CMVE, n = 7), and disseminated CMV disease (Di-CMVD, n = 7). Most (91.2%) cases of CMVG developed within 100 days, while most (90.3%) cases of CMVR were late onset. Refractory CMV infection and CMV viral load at different levels were associated with an increased risk of CMVP, CMVG, and CMVR. Compared with patients without CMV diseases, significantly higher non-relapse mortality at 1 year after transplantation was observed in patients with CMVP and CMVR, rather than CMVG. Patients with CMVP, Di-CMVD, and CMVE had higher overall mortality after diagnosis than that of patients with CMVG and CMVR (61.7%, 57.1%, 40.0% vs 27.7%, 18.6%, P = 0.001). In conclusion, the onset time, viral dynamics, and mortality differ among different CMV diseases. The mortality of CMV diseases remains high, especially for CMVP, Di-CMVD, and CMVE.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/etiologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(7): e13793, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741088

RESUMO

The specific description, risk factors, and outcomes of aGVHD in pediatric haplo-HSCT using TCR protocols without PT-Cy have not been well described previously. We evaluated the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of aGVHD in 350 consecutive pediatric patients receiving TCR haplo-HSCT without PT-Cy according to the Glucksberg and NIH aGVHD classifications between January 2015 and December 2017 at Peking University Institute of Hematology. The cumulative incidences of grade I, II, III, and IV aGVHD were 28%, 29.7%, 8.3%, and 5.1%, respectively. The type of aGVHD onset was classic in 243 patients (97.2%), and persistent/recurrent/late-onset aGVHD was in seven patients (2.8%). None of the considered variables significantly influenced the incidence of grade III-IV aGVHD. The 3-year OS, DFS, cumulative incidence of NRM, and relapse in malignant disease between severe aGVHD (III-IV) group and grade 0-II aGVHD group were 61.5% vs 77.2% (P = .027), 58.6% vs 75.1% (P = .014), 19.8% vs 5.3% (P = .002), and 21.6% vs 19.6% (P = .59), respectively; in non-malignant diseases, the 3-year OS, DFS, and NRM were 81.8% vs 97.4% (P = .05), 81.8% vs 97.4% (P = .05), and 18.2% vs 2.6% (P = .05), respectively. Under the protocol of pediatric TCR haplo-HSCT without PT-Cy, the persistent/recurrent/late-onset aGVHD was rare, and the incidence of severe aGVHD was acceptable and significantly contributed to NRM and lower survival in both malignant disease and non-malignant diseases.

12.
Adv Cell Gene Ther ; : e94, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838212

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic poses a great challenge to all aspects of medical activities, including haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To minimize the risk of infection in transplantation, we focused on preventive measures and strict screening in each section of transplantation, involving healthy donors, recipients, caregivers and medical workers. Due to the effective preventive work, our transplantation activity was not interrupted. In our centre, haploidentical donors are preferred over unrelated donors for reducing the uncertainty of COVID-19 on the provision of stem cells, and graft compositions are advocated as fresh peripheral blood stem cells. We especially promoted telemedicine and avoided unnecessary clinic visits in the regular follow-up after transplantation. Here, we describe the detailed preventive measures used during the outbreak of COVID-19 in our centre to provide other countries with experience in transplantation.

13.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(16): 9204-9216, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608128

RESUMO

Young donors are associated with a lower cumulative incidence of acute graft-vs-host disease (aGVHD) after allogenic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) than old donors. Although grafts are harvested from healthy donors, it is unclear whether donor age is associated with aGVHD occurrence owing to its effect on cell compositions in grafts. Moreover, the differences in monocyte subsets in grafts between young and old donors and the association between monocyte subsets in bone marrow (BM) grafts and aGVHD remain to be elucidated. In the current study, non-classical monocytes and the CD4+ /CD8+ T cell ratio were remarkably decreased in BM grafts in donors <30 years old. Multivariate analysis further revealed that the level of non-classical monocytes in BM grafts (≥0.31 × 106 /kg) was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of II-IV aGVHD. In summary, our data indicate that non-classical monocytes in BM grafts may help identify patients at high risk for aGVHD after allo-HSCT. Although further validation is required, our results suggest that the low level of non-classical monocytes and a low ratio of CD4+ /CD8+ T cell in BM grafts may be correlated with the lower incidence of aGVHD in young donors.

14.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32705467

RESUMO

CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy is a rare white-matter encephalopathy characterized by motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms due to colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) gene mutation. Few studies have investigated the intrinsic brain alternations of patients with CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy. We aim to evaluate the structural and functional changes in those patients. Seven patients with CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy and 15 age-matched healthy controls (HCs) underwent multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including high-resolution T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted fluid attenuated inversion recovery imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and resting-state functional MRI. First, to detect structural alterations, the gray matter volumes were compared using voxel-based morphometry analyses. Second, DKI parametric maps were used to evaluate the white matter (WM) connectivity changes. Finally, we constructed a seed-based resting-state functional connectivity matrix based on 90 regions of interest and examined the functional network changes of CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy. Unlike the HCs, patients with CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy predominantly had morphological atrophy in the bilateral thalamus and left hippocampus. In addition, the abnormal diffusivity was mainly distributed in the splenium of the corpus callosum, periventricular regions, centrum semiovale, subcortical U-fibers and midline cortex structures. Moreover, the patients had significantly reduced functional connectivity between the bilateral caudate nucleus and their contralateral hippocampus. Therefore, in addition to hyperintensity on the T2-weighted images, CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy also showed abnormal structural and functional alterations, including subcortical atrophy and reduced functional connectivity, as well as altered diffuse parameters in the WM and subcortical regions. These findings expand our understanding of the potential pathophysiologic mechanism behind this hereditary disease.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21204, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664169

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Abundant myxoid stroma rarely occurs in urothelial carcinomas (UCs). We report an 83-year-old woman with UC of the urinary bladder with abundant myxoid stroma. We summarized the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of this type of bladder cancer, in order to improve the understanding of surgeons and pathologists. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 83-year-old female presented with hematuria and frequent micturition, without odynuria, hypogastralgia, or fever. DIAGNOSIS: The computed tomography scan demonstrated extensive tumors in the anterior wall of the bladder and a soft tissue shadow anterior to the sacrum. Cystoscopy showed massive wide-based tumors located on the anterior and lateral walls of the bladder, with no tumor involving the bladder neck. Multiple punch biopsies were performed, the histologic evaluation of which revealed a poorly differentiated invasive UCs with myxoid stroma. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a laparoscopic radical cystectomy and cutaneous ureterostomy. OUTCOMES: The patient discharged without any complications. Histologic evaluation revealed an invasive UC; the most prominent feature was an abundant myxoid stroma that covered approximately 80% of the lesion and the tumor cells were arranged in cords, small nests, or a sheet-like structure. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for CK19, CK20, VEGF, EGFR, p63, 34ßE12, MUC1, GATA3, uroplakin3, and TopII (rate = 15%), while the Ki-67 proliferation index was 10%. The myxoid stroma in the mesenchyme stained positively with AB-PAS and colloidal iron, and some tumor cells stained positive for colloidal iron. Considering the histologic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical findings, a diagnosis of UC with abundant myxoid stroma was made. After surgery, the regular follow-up was continued in clinic, and there was no recurrence for 2 years. CONCLUSION: Morbidity associated with UC with abundant myxoid stroma is very low. The diagnosis mainly depends on histopathological and immunohistochemical findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Urológicas/diagnóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Cistectomia , Cistoscopia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Urotélio/patologia
16.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(29): 3367-3376, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650683

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The role of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in preventing acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after HLA-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) is still controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial (RCT) across 23 transplantation centers in China. Patients ages 40-60 years with standard-risk hematologic malignancies with an HLA-matched sibling donor were randomly assigned to an ATG group (4.5 mg/kg thymoglobulin plus cyclosporine [CsA], methotrexate [MTX], and mycophenolate mofetil [MMF]) and a control group (CsA, MTX, and MMF). The primary end point of this study was grade 2-4 aGVHD on day 100. RESULTS: From November 2013 to April 2018, 263 patients were enrolled. The cumulative incidence rate of grade 2-4 aGVHD was significantly reduced in the ATG group (13.7%; 95% CI, 13.5% to 13.9%) compared with the control group (27.0%; 95% CI, 26.7% to 27.3%; P = .007). The ATG group had significantly lower incidences of 2-year overall chronic GVHD (27.9% [95% CI, 27.6% to 28.2%] v 52.5% [95% CI, 52.1% to 52.9%]; P < .001) and 2-year extensive chronic GVHD (8.5% [95% CI, 8.4% to 8.6%] v 23.2% [95% CI, 22.9% to 23.5%]; P = .029) than the control group. There were no differences between the ATG and control groups with regard to cytomegalovirus reactivation, Epstein-Barr virus reactivation, 3-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM), 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), 3-year overall survival, or 3-year leukemia-free survival. Three-year GVHD relapse-free survival was significantly improved in the ATG group (38.7%; 95% CI, 29.9% to 47.5%) compared with the control group (24.5%; 95% CI, 16.9% to 32.1%; P = .003). CONCLUSION: Our study is the first prospective RCT in our knowledge to demonstrate that ATG can effectively decrease the incidence of aGVHD after MSDT in the CsA era without affecting the CIR or NRM.

17.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(9): 1655-1662, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504861

RESUMO

The specific description, risk factors, and outcomes of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after T cell-replete (TCR) myeloablative haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) with antithymocyte globulin (ATG)/granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) have not been previously well described. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of cGVHD documented according to the 2014 National Institutes of Health consensus criteria (NIH-CC) in 292 consecutive pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after TCR myeloablative haplo-HSCT with ATG/G-CSF between January 2015 and December 2017. A total of 170 patients experienced cGVHD. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total cGVHD and mild, moderate, and severe cGVHD was 57.9%, 27.5%, 18.8%, and 11.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that acute GVHD (aGVHD) grade II-IV (hazard ratio, 1.578; P = .002) was an independent risk factor for cGVHD. Compared to patients without cGVHD, patients with cGVHD demonstrated a lower 3-year relapse (17.6% versus 27.2%; P = .009), a similar 3-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (5.9% versus 5.4%; P = .79), and better 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) (77.8% versus 66.9%; P = .007) and overall survival (OS) (81.3% versus 68.6%; P = .001), particularly those with mild or moderate cGVHD; however, no significant impact of severe cGVHD on relapse, NRM, DFS, or OS was seen. In conclusion, the incidence of severe cGVHD in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after TCR myeloablative haplo-HSCT with ATG/G-CSF was acceptable. Previous aGVHD grade II-IV was a risk factor for the occurrence of cGVHD. Only mild or moderate cGVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse, translating into improved DFS and OS in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after TCR myeloablative haplo-HSCT with ATG/G-CSF.

18.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 553, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) (q22;q22) is classified as a low-risk group. However, relapse is still the main factor affecting survival. We aimed to investigate the effect of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) on reducing recurrence and improving the survival of high-risk pediatric t(8;21) AML based on minimal residual disease (MRD)-guided treatment, and to further explore the prognostic factors to guide risk stratification treatment and identify who will benefit from allo-HSCT. METHODS: Overall, 129 newly diagnosed pediatric t(8;21) AML patients were included in this study. Patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk group according to RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels after 2 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy. High-risk patients were divided into HSCT group and chemotherapy group according to their treatment choices. The characteristics and outcomes of 125 patients were analyzed. RESULTS: For high-risk patients, allo-HSCT could improve 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rate compared to chemotherapy (87.4% vs. 61.9%; P = 0.026). Five-year overall survival (OS) rate in high-risk HSCT group had a trend for better than that in high-risk chemotherapy group (82.8% vs. 71.4%; P = 0.260). The 5-year RFS rate of patients with a c-KIT mutation in high-risk HSCT group had a trend for better than that of patients with a c-KIT mutation in high-risk chemotherapy group (82.9% vs. 75%; P = 0.400). Extramedullary infiltration (EI) at diagnosis was associated with a high cumulative incidence of relapse for high-risk patients (50% vs. 18.4%; P = 0.004); allo-HSCT can improve the RFS (P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis of high-risk pediatric t(8;21) AML based on MRD-guided treatment. Patients with a c-KIT mutation may benefit from allo-HSCT. EI is an independent prognostic factor for high-risk patients and allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis.

19.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452543

RESUMO

Immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) is a rare and life-threatening haematological emergency. Although therapeutic plasma exchange together with corticosteroids achieve successful outcomes, a considerable number of patients remain refractory to this treatment and require early initiation of intensive therapy. However, a method for the early identification of refractory iTTP is not available. To develop and validate a model for predicting the probability of refractory iTTP, a cohort of 265 consecutive iTTP patients from 17 large medical centres was retrospectively identified. The derivation cohort included 94 patients from 11 medical centres. For the validation cohort, we included 40 patients from the other six medical centres using geographical validation. An easy-to-use risk score system was generated, and its performance was assessed using internal and external validation cohorts. In the multivariable logistic analysis of the derivation cohort, three candidate predictors were entered into the final prediction model: age, haemoglobin and creatinine. The prediction model had an area under the curve of 0.886 (95% CI: 0.679-0.974) in the internal validation cohort and 0.862 (95% CI: 0.625-0.999) in the external validation cohort. The calibration plots showed a high agreement between the predicted and observed outcomes. In conclusion, we developed and validated a highly accurate prediction model for the early identification of refractory iTTP. It has the potential to guide tailored therapy and is a step towards more personalized medicine.

20.
Eur J Immunol ; 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adoptive NK cell infusion is a promising immunotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. The aim of this study was to test the activity of clinical-grade membrane-bound IL-21/4-1BBL-expanded NK cell products against AML in vivo. METHODS: Fresh peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were incubated with equal numbers of irradiated membrane-bound IL-21/4-1BBL-expressing K562 cells for 2-3 weeks to induce clinical-grade NK cell expansion. RESULTS: Expansion for 2 and 3 weeks produced ∼4 and 8 × 109 NK cells from 2 × 107 PBMCs. The production of CD107a and TNF-α in NK cell products in response to AML cell lines and primary blasts was higher than that observed in resting NK cells. The 2-week expanded NK cell products were xenografted into immunodeficient mice with leukemia and were persistently found in the BM, spleen, liver, lung, and peripheral blood for at least 13 days; furthermore, these expanded products reduced the AML burden in vivo. Compared with matched AML patients with persistent or relapsed minimal residual disease (MRD+ ) who underwent regular consolidation therapy, MRD+ patients who underwent NK treatment had better overall survival and showed no major adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical-grade mbIL-21/4-1BBL-expanded NK cells exhibited antileukemic activity against AML in vitro and in vivo.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA