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1.
Transplant Proc ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow (BM) B cells from healthy donors and its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proliferation ability and apoptosis of BM cells from healthy donors before and after in vivo G-CSF application were determined by multiparameter flow cytometry. The gene expression of B cells was detected by RNA-Seq. In vitro experiments were performed to investigate the effects of G-CSF on the proliferation and apoptosis of BM B cells through which gene. RESULTS: Treating healthy donors with G-CSF significantly decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis of BM B cells. The proliferation of CD19+CD27- B cell subgroup and CD19+CD24hiCD38hi B cell subset were also decreased. G-CSF also significantly altered proapoptotic genes, cell cycle arrest genes, and DNA replication and cell cycle genes, especially significantly increased SOCS1 expression of BM B cells. In vitro experiments showed that SOCS1 overexpression did not affect B cell proliferation ability and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that extensive effects of G-CSF on BM B cells, such as inhibiting proliferation, inducing apoptosis, and altering a series of gene expression.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932654

RESUMO

The impact of ABO incompatibility on transplantation outcomes in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains controversial without published data. A total of 199 SAA patients receiving haploidentical HSCT from ABO-matched (n = 114), minor ABO-incompatible (n = 47), or major ABO-incompatible donors (n = 38) were included in this study. The median time and cumulative incidences of both myeloid and platelet engraftment in the ABO-compatible and ABO-incompatible groups were similar, and pure red cell aplasia was absent. Minor ABO incompatibility increased the rate of grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (ABO compatible: 6.14 ± 0.05%, minor incompatible: 19.15 ± 0.34%, and major incompatible: 10.53 ± 0.25%; P = 0.051), but did not influence the rates of grade II-IV aGVHD or chronic GVHD (cGVHD). Minor ABO-incompatibility was identified as an independent risk factor for grade III-IV aGVHD by multivariate analysis (hazard ration (HR) = 4.00 (1.48-10.80), P = 0.006). Chronic GVHD, mortality, and treatment failure were not increased in the minor ABO-incompatible group. For SAA patients receiving haploidentical HSCT, ABO compatible donors are better than ABO minor incompatible donors if several haploidentical donors are available.

3.
Transl Neurodegener ; 8: 32, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827782

RESUMO

Background: CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy, also known as hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS), is a rare white-matter encephalopathy characterized by motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms due to colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) gene mutation. Few of CSF1R mutations have been functionally testified and the pathogenesis remains unknown. Methods: In order to investigate clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy and explore the potential impact of CSF1R mutations, we analyzed clinical manifestations of 15 patients from 10 unrelated families and performed brain biopsy in 2 cases. Next generation sequencing was conducted for 10 probands to confirm the diagnosis. Sanger sequencing, segregation analysis and phenotypic reevaluation were utilized to substantiate findings. Functional examination of identified mutations was further explored. Results: Clinical and neuroimaging characteristics were summarized. The average age at onset was 35.9 ± 6.4 years (range 24-46 years old). Younger age of onset was observed in female than male (34.2 vs. 39.2 years). The most common initial symptoms were speech dysfunction, cognitive decline and parkinsonian symptoms. One patient also had marked peripheral neuropathy. Brain biopsy of two cases showed typical pathological changes, including myelin loss, axonal spheroids, phosphorylated neurofilament and activated macrophages. Electron microscopy disclosed increased mitochondrial vacuolation and disorganized neurofilaments in ballooned axons. A total of 7 pathogenic variants (4 novel, 3 documented) were identified with autophosphorylation deficiency, among which c.2342C > T remained partial function of autophosphorylation. Western blotting disclosed the significantly lower level of c.2026C > T (p.R676*) than wild type. The level of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3-II (LC3-II), a classical marker of autophagy, was significantly lower in mutants expressed cells than wild type group by western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. Conclusions: Our findings support the loss-of-function and haploinsufficiency hypothesis in pathogenesis. Autophagy abnormality may play a role in the disease. Repairing or promoting the phosphorylation level of mutant CSF1R may shed light on therapeutic targets in the future. However, whether peripheral polyneuropathy potentially belongs to CSF1R-related spectrum deserves further study with longer follow-up and more patients enrolled. Trial registration: ChiCTR, ChiCTR1800015295. Registered 21 March 2018.

4.
Blood Adv ; 3(24): 4312-4325, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869417

RESUMO

The rate and extent of natural killer (NK)-cell education after hematopoietic cell transplantation correlates with leukemia control. To study the effect of donor and host HLA on NK-cell reconstitution, single killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)+ NK cells (exhibiting KIR2DL1, KIR2DL2/KIR2DL3, or KIR3DL1 as their sole receptor) were grouped into 4 groups based on the interaction between donor/host HLA and donor inhibitory KIR in 2 cohorts (n = 114 and n = 276, respectively). On days 90 to 180 after transplantation, the absolute number and responsiveness against K562 cells (CD107a or interferon-γ expression) of single-KIR+ NK cells were higher in pairs where donor and host HLA both expressed ligands for donor inhibitory KIRs than in pairs where 1 or both of the donor and recipient HLA lacked at least 1 KIR ligand. NK-cell responsiveness was tuned commensurate with the number of inhibitory receptors from the donor. When both donor and host expressed the 3 major KIR ligands (HLA-C1, HLA-C2, and HLA-Bw4), NK cells expressing 3 inhibitory receptors (KIR2DL1/2DL3/3DL1) reached the maximum responsiveness against K562 cells compared with those NK cells expressing only 1 or 2 inhibitory receptors. When donor and host HLA both expressed all ligands for donor inhibitory KIRs, patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) showed the lowest recurrence rate after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that when both donors and hosts present all the KIR ligands for donor KIRs, reconstituted NK cells achieve better functional education and contribute to least relapse among patients. This observation study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02978274.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874219

RESUMO

Acute pancreatitis (AP) has been recognized as an uncommon yet potentially lethal complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This retrospective, nested, case-control study reviewed data from 5284 consecutive patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) between 2009 and 2018 at a single center, identifying 40 patients (0.76%) with AP following allo-HSCT. The diagnosis and severity of AP were established and classified according to the existing criteria. Younger age (P = .008), grade II-IV aGVHD (P = .010), a history of DLI (P = .033) and pre-existing gallstones (P = .003) are independent risk factors of AP after allo-HSCT. Post-transplant AP had a trend to negatively influence overall survival (OS) and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (P = .063) for allo-HSCT recipients, but no significant difference was found. Patients with moderately severe and severe AP had significantly lower OS (P =.002) and higher NRM (P = .000) than other patients. Based on these findings, a risk score model is also established to predict the occurrence of AP. Our risk score model performed well in terms of discrimination when applied to the derivation samples. The patients were classified into a low-risk group (0-1 point), a medium-risk group (2-3 points) and a high-risk group (4 points or more). Significant difference was observed in AP incidence among the 3 groups. The predictive tool explored by our study might contribute to target high-risk patients and guide personalized AP prevention in allo-HSCT recipients.

6.
J Mol Diagn ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751675

RESUMO

High WT1 expression after allogeneic hematologic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) can strongly predict relapse in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the cutoff values obtained were inconsistent. The precise cutoff values may be optimized through subtype analysis, and the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion transcript provides an ideal reference. RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and WT1 transcript levels were simultaneously measured in 1,299 bone marrow samples serially collected from 176 t(8;21) AML patients after receiving allo-HSCTfor. The upper limit of the normal bone marrow WT1 level was 0.6%, previously reported to be the cutoff value for significant relapse prediction in AML as a whole. The cutoff values 0.6%, 1.2%, and 1.8% for WT1 significantly differentiated patients in relapse after allo-HSCT. Nevertheless, both patients with WT1 levels 0.6% to 1.2% and those with levels between 1.2% to 1.8% post-HSCT had a similar cumulative incidence of relapse rates as those with a continuous WT1 level ≤0.6% and both were significantly lower than that of patients with a WT1 level >1.8%. WT1 expression was significantly related to the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels at WT1 levels >1.8% but not at levels 0.6% to 1.2% and 1.2% to 1.8%. Therefore, subgroup analysis can optimize the relapse prediction cutoff value for WT1 expression, and a cutoff level of 1.8% more accurately differentiates t(8;21) AML patients in relapse after allo-HSCT than the cutoff level of 0.6%.

7.
Blood Adv ; 3(21): 3406-3418, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714962

RESUMO

Thrombocytopenia is associated with life-threatening bleeding and is common in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Robust molecular prognostic biomarkers need to be developed to improve clinical decision making for patients with MDS with thrombocytopenia. Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) and preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma (PRAME) are promising immunogenic antigen candidates for immunotherapy, and their clinical effects on patients with MDS with thrombocytopenia are still not well understood. We performed a multicenter observational study of adult patients with MDS with thrombocytopenia from 7 different tertiary medical centers in China. We examined bone marrow samples collected at diagnosis for WT1 and PRAME transcript levels and then analyzed their prognostic effect for patients with MDS with thrombocytopenia. In total, we enrolled 1110 patients diagnosed with MDS with thrombocytopenia. Overexpression of WT1 and PRAME was associated with elevated blast percentage, worse cytogenetics, and higher Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) risk. Further, both WT1 and PRAME overexpression were independent poor prognostic factors for acute myeloid leukemia evolution, overall survival, and progression-free survival. Together, the 2 genes overexpression identified a population of patients with MDS with substantially worse survival. On the basis of WT1 and PRAME transcript levels, patients with MDS with IPSS-R low risk were classified into 2 significantly divergent prognostic risk groups: a low-favorable group and a low-adverse group. The low-adverse group had survival similar to that of patients in the intermediate-risk group. Our study demonstrates that the evaluation of WT1/PRAME transcript analysis may improve the prognostication precision and better risk-stratify the patients.

8.
Org Lett ; 21(23): 9579-9583, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755722

RESUMO

Two novel phloroglucinol-terpenoid adducts (1 and 2), featuring a rare 2,2,4-trimethyl-cinnamyl-ß-triketone unit, were isolated from the buds of Cleistocalyx operculatus. Their structures with absolute configurations were established by spectroscopic analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and quantum chemical calculations. Structurally, compound 1 represents a new carbon skeleton possessing a densely functionalized tricyclo[11.3.1.03;8]heptadecane bridged ring system with an unusual bridgehead enol. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited significant in vitro antiviral activities against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

9.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696939

RESUMO

Donor selection for older leukaemia patients undergoing haematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is not well defined: outcomes might be improved with a younger offspring donor rather than an older human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor (MSD). We extended our multicentre dataset. A total of 185 acute leukaemia patients (≥ 50 years) transplanted in first complete remission who received HCT from offspring (n = 62) or MSD (n = 123) were included. A 1:1 ratio matched-pair analysis was performed. We were able to match 54 offspring with 54 MSD patients. Outcomes were compared between the two matched-pair groups. The cumulative incidence of grade II/IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (26% vs. 35%; P = 0·23) and chronic GVHD (37% vs. 24%; P = 0·19) was comparable between groups (MSD vs. offspring). The lower three-year transplant-related mortality (9% vs. 26%; P = 0·023) and relapse incidence (6% vs. 17%; P = 0·066) resulted in higher overall survival (85% vs. 58%; P = 0·003) and leukaemia-free survival (LFS) (85% vs. 56%; P = 0·001) in offspring HCT compared with that in MSD HCT. These data might favour a young offspring over an older MSD in patients >50 years. The current analyses confirm that non-HLA donor characteristics, such as kinship and donor age, rather than HLA disparity, predominantly influence survival in older acute leukaemia patients.

10.
Ann Hematol ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768677

RESUMO

For acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with nucleophosmin 1 mutation (NPM1m), multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) are used to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD). However, the results of the two methods are sometimes inconsistent. This study was designed to analyze how to address the discordant results of FCM and RQ-PCR in AML patients undergoing chemotherapy, especially when positive FCM (FCM+) and negative NPM1m (NPM1m-) results are detected in the same sample. Our study included 93 AML patients with NPM1m positive (NPM1m+) who received chemotherapy but did not undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We monitored NPM1m and leukemia-associated immunophenotypes (LAIPs) by RQ-PCR and FCM, respectively, to assess MRD after each chemotherapy course. After each course of chemotherapy, all patients were classified into four groups based on the results of FCM and RQ-PCR: both negative (group 1, FCM-NPM1m-), single positive (group 2, FCM-NPM1m+; group 3, FCM+NPM1m-), or both positive (group 4, FCM+NPM1m+). The results showed that there was not a significant difference in the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) after each course of chemotherapy between group 2 and group 3. Furthermore, patients in groups 2 and 3 had a lower 2-year CIR than those in group 4 and a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. The patients in group 4 had a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. These results suggested that in the MRD monitoring process of AML patients, when the results of FCM and RQ-PCR are inconsistent (especially when FCM is positive and NPM1m is negative), these single-positive results still have predictive significance for relapse.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704470

RESUMO

Basiliximab has been used successfully as a second-line treatment for steroid-refractory (SR) acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in adult patients after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant (haplo-HSCT) but has not been studied separately in the pediatric setting. We retrospectively reviewed 100 pediatric patients after haplo-HSCT receiving basiliximab for grades II (57%), III (27%), and IV (16%) SR aGVHD between January 2015 and December 2017. The median number of basiliximab doses was 4 (range, 2 to 9). The day 28 overall response rate was 85%, with complete response in 74% of patients, partial response in 11% of patients, and no response in 15% of patients. The day 28 overall response rates were 94.6% in skin SR aGVHD, 81.6% in gut SR aGVHD, and 66.7% in liver SR aGVHD. Infectious complications included bacterial infection (11%), presumed or documented fungal infections (7%), cytomegalovirus viremia (53%), Epstein-Barr virus viremia (11%), human herpesvirus-6 viremia (7%), and herpes simplex virus viremia (1%). The 3-year overall survival, disease-free survival, nonrelapse mortality, and relapse rates between responders and nonresponders were 81.3% versus 46.7% (P < .001), 79.0% versus 46.7% (P = .001), 6.1% versus 33.3% (P < .001), and 14.9% versus 20.0% (P = .46), respectively. We conclude that basiliximab is an effective second-line agent for pediatric patients with SR aGVHD after haplo-HSCT, particularly for skin SR aGVHD.

12.
J Nat Prod ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747283

RESUMO

Five new matrine-type alkaloid dimers, alopecuroides A-E, were isolated from the aerial parts of Sophora alopecuroides. Alopecuroides A and B represent the first dimeric matrine-type alkaloids possessing a cyano group and an epoxy moiety. Alopecuroides C and D are dimeric matrine-type alkaloids connected via C-2-C-9' and C-10-C-3' bonds, respectively. The chemical structures of alopecuroides A-E were elucidated by spectroscopic methods combined with single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The anti-inflammatory effects of alopecuroides A-E were evaluated, and alopecuroide B exhibited the most significant activity, better than that of matrine, the representative compound from S. alopecuroides.

13.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2516, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749802

RESUMO

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), a growth factor for neutrophils, has been successfully used for stem cell mobilization and T cell immune tolerance induction. The establishment of G-CSF-primed unmanipulated haploidentical blood and marrow transplantation (The Beijing Protocol) has achieved outcomes for the treatment of acute leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and severe aplastic anemia with haploidentical allografts comparable to those of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor transplantation. Currently, G-CSF-mobilized bone marrow and/or peripheral blood stem cell sources have been widely used in unmanipulated haploidentical transplant settings. In this review, we summarize the roles of G-CSF in inducing T cell immune tolerance. We discuss the recent advances in the Beijing Protocol, mainly focusing on strategies that have been used to improve transplant outcomes in cases of poor graft function, virus infections, and relapse. The application of G-CSF-primed allografts in other haploidentical modalities is also discussed.

14.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725190

RESUMO

We explored the prognostic factors for children with very high-risk (VHR) Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and compared the therapeutic effects of intensive chemotherapy and unmanipulated haploidentical haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) as post-remission treatment in these patients undergoing first complete remission (CR1). A total of 104 paediatric patients with VHR B-ALL in CR1 were retrospectively enrolled in this study, including 42 receiving unmanipulated haplo-HSCT (Group A) and 62 receiving ongoing chemotherapy (Group B). Estimated 3-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) at 36·2 months median follow-up were 69·5 ± 4·7%, 63·5 ± 4·8% and 32·4 ± 4·7%, respectively. Maintenance of persistent positive or conversion from negative to positive of measurable residual disease (MRD) and chemotherapy were independent risk factors associated with inferior long-term survival and higher CIR. OS, DFS, and CIR differed significantly between the groups in patients with persistent positive or negative-to-positive MRD. Haplo-HSCT may be an option for children with VHR Ph-negative B-ALL in CR1, especially for patients with persistent positive or negative-to-positive MRD, and could achieve better survival than intensive chemotherapy as post-remission treatment.

16.
Esophagus ; 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal motility disorders which include achalasia, esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJ outflow obstruction), jackhammer esophagus (JE), distal esophageal spasm (DES), etc. are rare disease of unknown causes. The diagnosis is based on endoscopy, barium meal, and high-resolution manometry (HRM). With the development of endoscopy, peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has emerged as a standard method for the treatment of achalasia. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to enable gastroenterologists to have a more comprehensive understanding of the application status, technical characteristics, clinical efficacy and future prospect of POEM in the treatment of esophageal motility disorders. METHODS: Through a large number of reading literature, combined with clinical practice, summary and analysis of the indications, procedure, efficacy, complications, and controversies of POEM in the treatment of esophageal motility disorders, as well as the current and future perspectives of POEM were studied. RESULTS: POEM is safe and effective in the treatment of esophageal motility disorders, but the GERD reflux rate is higher. CONCLUSIONS: POEM can be a new option for the treatment of esophageal movement disorders, but large sample, multi-center, long-term study reports are needed, and it promotes the development of NOTES technology.

17.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 105, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640764

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are newly identified immature myeloid cells that are characterized by the ability to suppress immune responses and expand during cancer, infection, and inflammatory diseases. Although MDSCs have attracted a lot of attention in the field of tumor immunology in recent years, little is known about their multiple roles in hematological malignancies as opposed to their roles in solid tumors. This review will help researchers better understand the various characteristics and functions of MDSCs, as well as the potential therapeutic applications of MDSCs in hematological malignancies, including lymphoma, multiple myeloma, leukemia, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

18.
J Nat Prod ; 82(10): 2818-2827, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550154

RESUMO

Guided by 1H NMR spectroscopic experiments using the aromatic protons as probes, 11 macrocyclic diterpenes (1-11) were isolated from the aerial parts of Euphorbia helioscopia. Their full three-dimensional structures, including absolute configurations, were established unambiguously by spectroscopic analysis and single-crystal X-ray crystallographic experiments. Among the isolated compounds, compound 1 is the third member thus far of a rare class of Euphorbia diterpenes featuring an unusual 5/10 fused ring system, and 2-4 are new jatrophane diterpenes. Based on the NMR data of the jatrophane diterpenes obtained in this study as well as those with crystallographic structures reported in the literature, the correlations of the chemical shifts of the relevant carbons and the configurations of C-2, C-13, and C-14 of their flexible macrocyclic ring were considered. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory activities of 1-11 were investigated by monitoring their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Compound 1 showed an IC50 of 7.4 ± 0.6 µM, which might be related to the regulation of the NF-κB signaling pathway by suppressing the translocation of the p65 subunit and the consequent reduction of IL-6 and TNF-α secretions.

19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 87, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haploidentical transplantation has been proposed as an effective treatment for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The majority of patients have more than one HLA-haploidentical donor. Herein, we compared the outcomes between different donor-recipient relationships for optimal haploidentical donor selection in acquired SAA. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study based on a registered database of 392 patients with SAA treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) between 2006 and 2018. In total, 223 patients received grafts from father donors, 47 from mother donors, 91 from siblings, 29 from children, and 2 from collateral donors. RESULTS: Of the 381 patients who survived more than 28 days, 379 (99.5%) recipients were engrafted. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 86.6 ± 2.5%, 87.1 ± 4.9%, 84.3 ± 3.9%, and 92.2 ± 5.1% for recipients of father, mother, sibling, and child grafts, respectively, (P = 0.706). The 2-year failure-free survival (FFS) was 82.8 ± 2.7%, 86.7 ± 5.1%, 80.8 ± 4.2%, and 92.5 ± 5.1% for recipients of father, mother, sibling, and child grafts, respectively, (P = 0.508). There was no difference in the incidence of either acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) among the different donor sources in multivariate analyses. There were also no differences in the OS or FFS among the different donor sources in the Cox regression analysis. However, OS was significantly better in the patients with a shorter history of aplastic anemia (< 12 months), better performance status (ECOG scores 0-1), or moderate graft mononuclear cell (MNC) counts (6-10 × 108/kg), and in female recipients with male donors. The FFS was also higher in patients with a shorter history of aplastic anemia (< 12 months) and better performance status (ECOG scores 0-1). CONCLUSIONS: Fathers, mothers, siblings, and children are all suitable haploidentical donors for patients with SAA.

20.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 88, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in conjunction with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) appears as a potentially effective graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prevention strategy in haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant (haplo-HCT). Our study aims to assess the efficacy of this regimen. METHODS: We extended our prospective study in patients treated with low-dose PTCy (14.5 mg/kg on days 3 and 4) in ATG/granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-based regimen and compared the results to the contemporary cohort of patients without low-dose PTCy (ATG cohort). Both study cohort and control are transplanted from maternal donor or collateral relatives. RESULTS: We identified 239 consecutive patients (ATG-PTCy cohort = 114; ATG cohort = 125). All patients but one in ATG cohort achieved myeloid engraftment by day 30 post-HCT. We found that both the cumulative incidence of 100-day grade III-IV aGvHD and non-relapse-mortality (NRM) in the ATG-PTCy cohort was significantly reduced than that in the ATG group (5% vs 18%; P = 0.003; and 6% vs 15%; P= 0.045); the 2-year cumulative incidences of relapse and overall survival were comparable between the two cohorts (13% vs 14%; P = 0.62; and 83% vs 77%; P = 0.18, respectively). Furthermore, GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) was significantly improved in the ATG-PTCy arm (63% vs 48%; P = 0.039). In multivariate analysis, the joint treatment resulted in lower grade II-IV acute GVHD (HR 0.58; P = 0.036), grade III-IV aGvHD (HR 0.28; P = 0.006), chronic GVHD (HR 0.60; P = 0.047), NRM (HR 0.26; P = 0.014), and higher GRFS (HR 0.59; P = 0.021) but slower myeloid and platelet recovery (HR 0.29 and 0.30; both P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that ATG/PTCy (low-dose) can reduce both acute and chronic GVHD as compared with standard ATG-based prophylaxis using maternal donor or collateral relatives at particular high GVHD risk.

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