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2.
Cell Metab ; 33(7): 1372-1388.e7, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146477

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related hepatocellular carcinoma and liver disorders have become the leading causes for the need of liver transplantation in developed countries. Lipotoxicity plays a central role in NASH progression by causing endoplasmic reticulum stress and disrupting protein homeostasis. To identify key molecules that mitigate the detrimental consequences of lipotoxicity, we performed integrative multiomics analysis and identified the E3 ligase tripartite motif 16 (TRIM16) as a candidate molecule. In particular, we found that lipid accumulation and inflammation in a mouse NASH model is mitigated by TRIM16 overexpression but aggravated by its depletion. Multiomics analysis showed that TRIM16 suppressed NASH progression by attenuating the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway; specifically, by preferentially interacting with phospho-TAK1 to promote its degradation. Together, these results identify TRIM16 as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of NASH.

3.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 52: 101899, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052679

RESUMO

In this study, we located eight samples with null alleles of amelogenin out of 10,750 cases, and discussed the influence in gender identification and forensic personal identification. Amelogenin was detected and retested by several autosomal STR kits and sex chromosomal STR kits, and the causes were analyzed by chromosome karyotype analysis and Y chromosome microdeletion detection if necessary. Suspected AMEL-X loss was observed in five samples, but no abnormality was detected in the X-STR loci. AMEL-X was recovered when samples were retested by other detection systems designed with different primers. One sample had AMEL-X and X-STR loci loss, and the karyotype was chimeric 45,X0[70]/46,X,+mar[13].Two male samples lost AMEL-Y fragment, and both of them lost DYS522-DYS570-DYS576 loci, but no abnormalities were found in the STS loci of SRY and AZF regions. Therefore, when carrying out gender identification by using amelogenin, it is essential to focus on null alleles of amelogenin. In especially, deal with the samples collected from the individuals who had chromosomal hereditary disorders(e.g. Turner Syndrome and Oligospermia / Azoospermia). In order to achieve this, laboratories should have various techniques to verify the null alleles of amelogenin and ensure accurate genotyping. Accurate genotyping of amelogenin and DNA database establishment are vital for personal identification.


Assuntos
Amelogenina/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Y , Alelos , Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Primers do DNA , Humanos , Masculino
4.
Disabil Rehabil ; : 1-9, 2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the global effects of the Chêneau brace combined with Schroth exercises on adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We analyzed 192 patients with AIS who underwent the Chêneau brace treatment alone or combined with Schroth best practice (SBP) from June 2013 to October 2019. There were 138 patients in the Brace group and 54 patients in the Brace + SBP group. Radiographs were obtained at various treatment durations. Answers to the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaire were recorded before the intervention and at the time of treatment wean. RESULTS: The Cobb angle (-3.55°; p < 0.001) and C7-CSVL (-3.03 mm; p < 0.001) significantly decreased in the Brace + SBP group. Thoracic kyphosis (TK) decreased in both the Brace + SBP group (-1.85°; p = 0.0152) and the Brace group (-5.06; p < 0.001). Changes before and after treatment of TK were significantly different between groups (p < 0.001). The 22-item Scoliosis Research Society function score, self-image, mental health, and EuroQol 5-Dimension scores were significantly higher in the Brace + SBP group. The satisfaction score was higher in the Brace + SBP group (3.77 ± 0.63 vs. 3.13 ± 0.79; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to bracing alone, the Schroth exercises plus bracing had a better effect on coronal balance. Schroth exercises improve flatback deformity caused by bracing and positively influence the HRQoL in AIS patients who received the Chêneau brace treatment.Implications for RehabilitationBracing and physiotherapy are common treatments for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).The Chêneau brace treatment causes flatback deformity and muscle stiffness in AIS patients.The Schroth method helps patients increase muscle strength, halt curve progression, increase vital capacity, and maintain improved posture.The Schroth exercises could improve flatback deformity caused by bracing and positively influence the health-related quality of life in AIS patients who received the Chêneau brace treatment.

5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(2)2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513842

RESUMO

In this paper, we explore whether interparticle spacing affects steady-state and transient-state optical properties by comparing close-packed CdSe/ZnS-quantum dots (QDs) and CdSe/ZnS-QDs dispersed in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). High-pressure is an effective physical means to adjust the interparticle spacing of QDs, which may artificially expand the application of QDs further. The results under high-pressure indicate that it is the reduced interparticle spacing rather than the enhanced quantum confinement effect with volume compression that has a stronger effect on exciton relaxation of CdSe/ZnS-QDs. This work is hoped to help us further understand the effect of interparticle spacing among QDs in various integrated environments.

6.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(1): 11-18, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870327

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although 5-aminosalicylates and thiopurines may have an antineoplastic effect on colorectal neoplasia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), their impact on the progression of low-grade dysplasia (LGD) in IBD is uncertain. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether 5-aminosalicylates or thiopurines can protect against the progression of LGD in patients with IBD. METHODS: Systematic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library databases, and major conference proceedings were conducted to identify all eligible studies through March 2020. Data were pooled using a random effects model. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. RESULTS: Five studies comprising 776 IBD patients with LGD were included. Overall, 5-aminosalicylates (Hazard ratio (HR) = 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.55-1.51) and thiopurines (HR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.23-1.79) did not significantly reduce the risk of advanced colorectal neoplasia (high-grade dysplasia/cancer) in IBD patients with LGD. Moreover, the effects of 5-aminosalicylates or thiopurines on risk of advanced colorectal neoplasia in IBD patients with LGD were not significant by different primary sclerosing cholangitis status, study quality, sample size, and IBD type. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we did not find a significant protective effect of 5-aminosalicylates or thiopurines on the progression of LGD in patients with IBD.


Assuntos
Colite , Neoplasias Colorretais , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco
7.
Adv Med Sci ; 65(2): 442-456, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059229

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is the most common endocrinal malignancy worldwide. Cyclin E2 (CCNE2), a member of the cyclin family, acts as a regulatory subunit of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). It controls the transition of quiescent cells into the cell cycle, regulates the G1/S transition, promotes DNA replication, and activates CDK2. This study explored the role and potential molecular mechanisms of CCNE2 expression in TC tissues. MATERIAL/METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the CCNE2 protein expression levels in TC. High-throughput data on CCNE2 in TC were obtained from RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), microarray, and literature data. The CCNE2 expression levels in TC were comprehensively assessed through an integrated analysis. Analyses of Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and protein-protein interaction (PPIs) data facilitated the investigation of the relative molecular mechanisms of CCNE2 in TC. RESULTS: The immunohistochemical experiment showed a significant increase in the expression of CCNE2 in the TC tissues. For 505 TC and 59 non-cancerous samples from RNA-seq data, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.8016 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.742-0.8612; p<0.001). With another 14 microarrays, the pool standard mean difference [SMD] was 1.01 (95% CI [0.82-1.19]). The pooled SMD of CCNE2 was 1.12 (95% CI [0.60-1.64]), and the AUC was 0.87 (95% CI [0.84-0.90]) for 1157 TC samples and 366 non-cancerous thyroid samples from all possible sources. Nine hub genes were upregulated in TC. CONCLUSIONS: A high expression of CCNE2 may lead to carcinogenesis and the development of TC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Folicular/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Ciclinas/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/genética , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Papilar/genética , Carcinoma Papilar/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Ciclinas/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
8.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 240, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine malignancy; basigin (also known as BSG) plays a crucial role in tumor cell invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. This study was designed to identify the change of BSG expression in TC and its possible potential mechanism. METHODS: The BSG expression levels in TC were demonstrated using data collected from in-house immunohistochemical (IHC), RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), microarrays, and literatures. Integrated analysis was performed to determined BSG expression levels in TC comprehensively. The Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed with the integration of BSG co-expressed genes and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in TC tissues to explore the potential mechanisms of BSG in TC. RESULTS: The protein expression level of BSG was significantly higher in TC cases based on the IHC experiments. In addition, the combined SMD for BSG expression was 0.39 (p < 0.0001), the diagnostic odds ratio was 3.69, and the AUC of the sROC curve was 0.6986 using 1182 TC cases and 437 non-cancerous cases from 17 independent datasets. Furthermore, BSG co-expressed genes tended to be enriched in gene terms of the extracellular matrix (ECM), cell adhesion, and cell-cell interactions. The expression levels of nine hub BSG co-expressed genes were markedly upregulated in TC cases. CONCLUSION: BSG expression levels were closely correlated with the progression of TC and may affect the signals of the ECM, cell adhesion, and cell-cell interactions.


Assuntos
Basigina , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética
9.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 85: 106638, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although interactions between enteric glial cells (EGCs) and enteric mast cells have been demonstrated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the exact mechanisms by which EGCs regulate enteric mast cells are still unknown. The aims of this study were to investigate whether glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), which has been confirmed to be produced mostly by EGCs, might regulate enteric mast cells and ameliorate dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis. METHODS: Recombinant adenoviral vectors encoding GDNF (Ad-GDNF) were administered intracolonically in experimental colitis induced by DSS. The disease activity index and histological score were measured. The expression of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were measured by ELISA assay. The expression of trypsin and ß-hexosaminidase were evaluated. GDNF specific receptor (GFR-α1/RET) was detected. The calcium reflux was tested by microplate reader. The expression p-JNK was analyzed by western blot assay. RESULTS: GDNF resulted in a significant inhibition of the activation of enteric mast cells by down-regulating JNK signal pathway, lessening intracellular calcium influx, and then reducing the degranulation as well as the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines via combing with its receptor (GFR-α1/RET) in mast cells, and these inhibitory effects were abrogated by treatment with neutralizing antibody against GDNF. Moreover, the administration of GDNF led to an amelioration of experimental colitis. CONCLUSIONS: GDNF are able to regulate enteric mast cells and ameliorate experimental colitis. GDNF might be an important mediator of the cross-talk between EGCs and enteric mast cells, and GDNF might be a useful therapeutic drug for IBD.


Assuntos
Colite/imunologia , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Colite/patologia , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/imunologia , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/genética , Masculino , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(3): 169-177, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245586

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to verify the protective effect of Bifidobacterium longum (BL) and the synergistical effect of Selenium and BL on alcohol plus high fat diet (HFD) induced hepatic injury in mice. We also want to explore the mechanism of Selenium-enriched Bifidobacterium longum (SeBL). C57BL/6 mice were treated with alcohol plus HFD with or without different dosage of BL or SeBL for 4 weeks. Serum levels of ALT, AST, TC, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C, FFAs, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß, hepatic MDA level, SOD activity, the mRNA levels of AMPK, PPAR-α and SREBP1 were invested. SeBL inhibited lipid accumulation in hepatocytes; reduced serum AST and ALT levels; improved dyslipidemia; decreased serum FFAs, TC, TG and LDL-C levels. SeBL also inhibited alcohol plus HFD-induced hepatocyte oxidative stress through decrease in hepatic MDA levels and increase in SOD activity. SeBL also regulated lipid metabolism related genes such as AMPK, PPAR-α and SREBP1. Although BL had similar effect as SeBL, SeBL is more effective than BL. SeBL protected mice from alcohol plus HFD-induced hepatic injury in mice because of its inhibitory effect on hepatocellular oxidative stress, lipogenesis and inflammation. Selenium enhanced the protective effect of BL.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium longum , Fígado Gorduroso Alcoólico/terapia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/terapia , Estresse Oxidativo , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Selênio/química , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(5): 810-815, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612400

RESUMO

Total laryngectomy affects the speaking functions of many patients. Speech deprivation has great impacts on the quality of life of patients, especially on self-efficacy. Learning esophageal speech represents a way to help laryngectomees speak again. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of collective esophageal speech training on self-efficacy of laryngectomees. In this study, 28 patients and 30 family members were included. The participants received information about training via telephone or a WeChat group. Collective esophageal speech training was used to educate laryngectomees on esophageal speech. Before and after collective esophageal speech training, all participants completed the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) to assess their perceptions on self-efficacy. Through the training, laryngectomees recovered their speech. After the training, the self-efficacy scores of laryngectomees were higher than those before the training, with significant differences noted (T<0.05). However, family members' scores did not change significantly. In conclusion, collective esophageal speech training is not only convenient and economical, but also improves self-efficacy and confidence of laryngectomees. Greater self-efficacy is helpful for laryngectomees to master esophageal speech and improve their quality of life. In addition, more attention should be focused on improving the self-efficacy of family members and making them give full play to their talent and potential on laryngectomees' voice rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Laringectomia/reabilitação , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Autoeficácia , Fonoterapia/métodos , Voz Esofágica/métodos , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Laringe/patologia , Laringe/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Voz Esofágica/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(2): 95-101, 2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence of eletroacupuncture (EA) at "Dazhui" (EX-B2) and "Mingmen" (GV4) on expression of NR2B subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) in the injured anterior horn (AH) area of rats with acute spinal cord injury (SCI), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of neural repair. METHODS: A total of 96 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly and equally divided into four groups: sham operation (sham), model, medication (Methyl-prednisone, MP) and EA (n=24 in each group). The acute SCI model was established by using a MASCIS spinal cord impactor. EA (2 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to EX-B2 and GV4 for 30 min, once at 0.5 h, 12 and 24 h after SCI. Rats of the medication group were treated by tail intravenous injection of MP 30 mg/kg within 15 min (impact therapy) and 5.4 mg•kg-1•h-1 (maintaining treatment) 45 min thereafter for 23 h. The Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) rating scale (0 to 21 points) was used to assess changes of locomotor function 6, 24 and 48 h after SCI. Histopathological changes of the injured spinal cord AH region were observed after sectioning and hematoxylin-eosin (H.E.) staining, and the expression levels of NR2B mRNA and protein of AH were measured by quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot and immunofluorescence, respectively. RESULTS: After SCI, the BBB scores at 6, 24 and 48 h were significantly decreased in the model group compared with those of the sham group (P<0.001), but had no remarkable changes in both medication and EA groups after the intervention in comparison with those of the model group (P>0.05). After modeling, the histopathological changes (blurred border of the grey-white matter, cellular karyopyknosis, deepening of the cytoplasmic red stain, and rupture, dissolution and disordered arrangement of myelinated nerve fibers) in the injury area of the spinal cord in the model group were apparent, the number of NR2B positive neurons and the relative expression levels of NR2B mRNA and protein were significantly increased in the model group relevant to the sham group (P<0.05). In contrast to the model group, the injured severity of the spinal cord AH region was relatively milder, and the expression levels of NR2B mRNA and protein were considerably down-regulated in both EA and MP groups (P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences between the EA and MP groups in the expression levels of NR2B mRNA and protein (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA at EX-B2 and GV4 may inhibit the expression of NR2B mRNA and protein in acute SCI rats, which may contribute to its action in promoting nerve repair of the injured ventricolumna area of the thoracic spinal cord.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Medula Espinal
14.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 12(3): 442-450, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918814

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the incidence and subsequent changes of outer retinal tubulations (ORTs) in diabetic macular edema (DME) underwent anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy, and to assess the possibility of ORT as a biomarker of DME severity or response to anti-VEGF therapy. METHODS: This retrospective and descriptive study included a total of 228 patients (435 eyes) with DME and treated with intravitreal anti-VEGF agents between March 2016 and January 2018. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of ORTs. High-resolution spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images acquired by vertical and horizontal scans and over consecutive visits were analyzed. The evolution of ORT over time, type of fluid and subfoveal photoreceptor integrity on OCT imaging was also assessed. RESULTS: ORTs were identified in 108 eyes of 435 eyes with an overall incidence rate of 24.83% at baseline. ORTs were prone to locate adjacent to the lesions of exudation and/or cystoid edema and possibly situated in outer nuclear layer (ONL), outer plexiform layer (OPL) and/or inner nuclear layer (INL) in eyes with DME. The formation process of ORT led to focal downward displacement of OPL and INL toward RPE near the lesion. During the follow up, 45 eyes had steady ORTs and 63 eyes had dynamic variants in ORTs, including disappearance, reappearance, collapse, diminution, and enlargement. There were higher proportion of closed ORTs and fewer proportion of forming ORTs in eyes with steady ORTs, which showed a statistically significance when compared with eyes with variant ORTs (P=0.006, P=0.017, respectively). The eyes without ORTs had significantly better final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and more BCVA change than those eyes with ORTs in DME patients after anti-VEGF therapy (P=0.023, P=0.009, respectively). The disruption of subfoveal photoreceptor integrity in eyes with ORTs was more serious than that in eyes without ORTs (P=0.013). The proportion of stable vision in eyes with ORTs was significantly higher than that in eyes without ORTs, showing statistical significance (P=0.016). ORTs were associated with worse visual prognosis due to damage of the subfoveal photoreceptor integrity. CONCLUSION: ORTs have a high incidence and changes over time in DME with anti-VEGF treatment and may be located at various retinal layers. Persistent ORT can be as a negative biomarker of outcome of DME.

15.
Adv Mater ; 31(10): e1807591, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633395

RESUMO

Neural stem cells (NSCs), capable of ischemia-homing, regeneration, and differentiation, exert strong therapeutic potentials in treating ischemic stroke, but the curative effect is limited in the harsh microenvironment of ischemic regions rich in reactive oxygen species (ROS). Gene transfection to make NSCs overexpress brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) can enhance their therapeutic efficacy; however, viral vectors must be used because current nonviral vectors are unable to efficiently transfect NSCs. The first polymeric vector, ROS-responsive charge-reversal poly[(2-acryloyl)ethyl(p-boronic acid benzyl)diethylammonium bromide] (B-PDEA), is shown here, that mediates efficient gene transfection of NSCs and greatly enhances their therapeutics in ischemic stroke treatment. The cationic B-PDEA/DNA polyplexes can effectively transfect NSCs; in the cytosol, the B-PDEA is oxidized by intracellular ROS into negatively charged polyacrylic acid, quickly releasing the BDNF plasmids for efficient transcription and secreting a high level of BDNF. After i.v. injection in ischemic stroke mice, the transfected NSCs (BDNF-NSCs) can home to ischemic regions as efficiently as the pristine NSCs but more efficiently produce BDNF, leading to significantly augmented BDNF levels, which in turn enhances the mouse survival rate to 60%, from 0% (nontreated mice) or ≈20% (NSC-treated mice), and enables more rapid and superior functional reconstruction.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/transplante , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Humanos , Camundongos , Transfecção , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(3): 1514-1520, 2019 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30613835

RESUMO

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a promising photocatalyst for the reduction of CO2 into fuels. However, the reduction mechanism of CO2 using g-C3N4 is not clear in the literature. In the present study, the fixation of CO2 and the formation of carbamate on the nitrogen atom at the edge of g-C3N4 were investigated using first-principles density functional theory. The calculated results shows that two adjacent bare nitrogen atoms at the edge of g-C3N4 could be the activation sites for the proton and CO2 molecule respectively, which are crucial to the formation of carbamate. The calculated energy barrier of carbamate formation is 0.95 eV for a preferential pathway. From studies on these micro processes, we propose a mechanism with proton assistance for the g-C3N4-catalyzed photoreduction of CO2 to CO.

17.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 66(2): 1049-1053, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554477

RESUMO

Elizabethkingia miricola is a Gram-negative rod which has been incriminated in severe infections in humans. Recently, a serious infectious disease was identified in Chinese spiny frogs (Quasipaa spinosa), in the Sichuan Province of China; the disease was characterized by corneal opacity, the presence of ascites and neurological symptoms. A Gram-negative bacillus was isolated from the liver, spleen and kidney of the diseased frogs. Experimental infection test revealed that the bacillus could infect the frogs Q. spinosa and the LD50 value was 1.19 × 106  cfu per frog. The isolated Gram-negative bacillus was identified as E. miricola according to phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA and gyrB gene sequence analysis. The isolated strain was only susceptible to florfenicol among all investigated chemotherapeutic agents. Histological examination revealed that E. miricola infection caused pathological lesions to multiple organs and tissues, especially in the liver, brain, kidney. These results confirmed that E. miricola is an emerging pathogen of Chinese spiny frogs.


Assuntos
Chryseobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/veterinária , Ranidae/microbiologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Chryseobacterium/efeitos dos fármacos , Chryseobacterium/genética , DNA Girase/genética , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Humanos , Rim/microbiologia , Fígado/microbiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência , Baço/microbiologia , Tianfenicol/análogos & derivados , Tianfenicol/farmacologia
19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 20(9): 753-757, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of vitamin D (VitD) deficiency on cardiac autonomic nerve function in obese pre-school children. METHODS: A total of 242 pre-school children with simple obesity were enrolled, and according to the serum 25-(OH) VitD level, they were divided into VitD deficiency group (76 children), VitD insufficiency group (83 children), and VitD sufficiency group (83 children). The three groups were compared in terms of deceleration capacity (DC) of heart rate, acceleration capacity (AC) of heart rate, and heart rate variability (HRV). The correlations of VitD level with DC, AC, and HRV were analyzed for the VitD insufficiency and VitD deficiency groups. RESULTS: The VitD deficiency group had the lowest DC, root mean square of successive differences between adjacent RR intervals (RMSSD), and low-frequency power (LF) and the highest AC (P<0.05). The VitD insufficiency group had significantly lower DC, RMSSD, and LF and significantly higher AC compared with the VitD sufficiency group (P<0.05). The VitD deficiency group had significantly lower standard deviation of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN) and high-frequency power (HF) than the VitD sufficiency group (P<0.05). In the VitD deficiency group, VitD level was positively correlated with DC, SDNN, standard deviation of average normal-to-normal RR intervals, RMSSD , LF, and HF and was negatively correlated with AC (P<0.05). In the VitD insufficiency group, VitD level was negatively correlated with AC (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Obese pre-school children with VitD insufficiency or deficiency have cardiac autonomic dysfunction, and cardiac vagal tone decreases with the reduction in VitD level.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Vias Autônomas , Pré-Escolar , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Obesidade
20.
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol ; 10(4): 316-323, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30015622

RESUMO

Objective: This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) vs. multiple daily injections (MDI) in children with type 1 diabetes. Methods: A literature search was conducted on databases including PubMed and Embase up to June 2017. The pooled weighted mean difference or risk ratio as well as 95% confidence intervals were calculated using RevMan 5.3 software. Results: Eight studies involving 310 children with type 1 diabetes were included. Results showed that HbA1c (%) was significantly lower (p=0.007) after CSII compared with MDI in children with type 1 diabetes. In addition, there was no significant difference between groups in HbA1c (%) change, total daily insulin doses, change of total daily insulin doses and incidence of ketoacidosis and severe hypoglycemia. However, subgroup analyses indicated that age, treatment duration and study design were influenced the efficacy of CSII and MDI in children with type 1 diabetes. Conclusion: CSII is associated with lower HbA1c levels in children with type 1 diabetes but appears to have no effect on insulin requirement or incidence of ketoacidosis and severe hypoglycemia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Glicemia/análise , Criança , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Injeções Subcutâneas , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Infusão de Insulina , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
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