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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052937

RESUMO

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the second leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been observed in aqueous humour (AH) of POAG patients, resulting in an increase in the out-flow resistance of the AH. However, the underlining mechanisms remain elusive. Using established in vivo and in vitro POAG models, we demonstrated that water channel Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) is down-regulated in trabecular meshwork (TM) cells upon ET-1 exposure, which causes a series of glaucomatous changes, including actin fibre reorganization, collagen production, extracellular matrix deposition and contractility alteration of TM cells. Ectopic expression of AQP1 can reverse ET-1-induced TM tissue remodelling, which requires the presence of ß-catenin. More importantly, we found that ET-1-induced AQP1 suppression is mediated by ATF4, a transcription factor of the unfolded protein response, which binds to the promoter of AQP1 and negatively regulates AQP1 transcription. Thus, we discovered a novel function of ATF4 in controlling the process of TM remodelling in ET-1-induced POAG through transcription suppression of AQP1. Our findings also detail a novel pathological mechanism and a potential therapeutic target for POAG.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026471

RESUMO

The expression pattern and role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) and their underlying mechanisms remain unresolved. In this study, we identified differentially expressed circRNAs by a circRNA microarray and verified the results by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using 117 clinical samples. Cell Counting Kit-8, wound healing, Transwell, and tumorsphere formation assays were conducted to assess the effects of circ-CEP85L on cell proliferation and invasion in vitro. Mouse intraperitoneal injection models were used to assess the functions of circ-CEP85L in vivo. Luciferase reporter assays, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and rescue experiments were performed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of circ-CEP85L. We found that circ-CEP85L, which has not been studied in GC, was significantly downregulated in GC tissues and that decreased circ-CEP85L expression correlated significantly with a worse prognosis. The knockdown of circ-CEP85L promoted the proliferation and invasion of GC cells, which was reversed by overexpression of circ-CEP85L. Furthermore, inhibition of circ-CEP85L promoted tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-CEP85L was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-942-5p. In addition, rescue experiments indicated that circ-CEP85L is able to inhibit the proliferation and invasion of GC cells by sponging miR-942-5p. Finally, western blot assays verified that the downregulation of miR-942-5p efficiently reversed the inhibition of NFKBIA induced by circ-CEP85L overexpression. Therefore, we conclude that circ-CEP85L promotes NFKBIA expression by acting as a sponge of miR-942-5p; thus, inhibiting GC proliferation and invasion. circ-CEP85L is a potential target in the treatment of GC.

3.
BMJ Open ; 10(1): e031951, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have revealed the associations between H. pylori infection and various health outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the strength and breadth of evidence on the associations. DESIGN: Umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. SETTING: No settings. PARTICIPANTS: No patients involved. DATA SOURCES: Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library Databases, CNKI, VIP database and Wangfang database from inception to February 1, 2019. OUTCOMES MEASURES: Diverse diseases (such as cancer and ischaemic heart disease). RESULTS: Sixty articles reporting 88 unique outcomes met the eligible criteria. 74 unique outcomes had nominal significance (p<0.05). Of the outcomes with significance, 61 had harmful associations and 13 had beneficial associations. Furthermore, 73% (64) of the outcomes exhibited significant heterogeneity . Of the these meta-analyses, 32 had moderate to high heterogeneity (I2=50%-75%) and 24 had high heterogeneity (I2>75%). Moreover, 20% exhibited publication bias (p<0.1). In addition, 97% of the methodological qualities were rated 'critically low'. 36% of the evidence qualities of outcomes were rated 'low', 56% of the evidence qualities were rated 'very low' and 8% of the evidence qualities were rated 'moderate'. H. pylori infection may be associated with an increased risk of five diseases and a decreased risk of irritable bowel syndrome. CONCLUSION: Although 60 meta-analyses explored 88 unique outcomes, moderate quality evidence only existed for six outcomes with statistical significance. H. pylori infection may be associated with a decreased risk of irritable bowel syndrome and an increased risk of hypertriglyceridemia, chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, gestational diabetes mellitus, gastric cancer and systemic sclerosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CRD42019124680.

4.
Prenat Diagn ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the validity of noninvasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) based on direct haplotype phasing without the proband or other family members and its feasibility for clinical application in the case of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: Thirteen singleton-pregnancy families affected by DMD were recruited. The pathogenic variants in the pregnant females have been identified by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). We resolved maternal haplotypes for each family by performing targeted linked-read sequencing of their high molecular weight DNA, respectively. Then, we integrated the maternal haplotypes and the targeted sequencing results of maternal plasma DNA to infer the fetal haplotype and the DMD gene variant status. The fetal genotypes were further validated by using chorionic villus sampling. RESULTS: The method of directly resolving maternal haplotype through targeted linked-read sequencing was smoothly performed in twelve participated families, but one failed (F11). The predicted variant status of 12 fetuses was correct, which had been confirmed by invasive prenatal diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Direct haplotyping of NIPD based on linked-read sequencing for DMD is accurate. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933166

RESUMO

Uncariae Ramulus Cum Uncis (Gou-Teng), the dried hook-bearing stems of several Uncaria plants (Rubiaceae), is a well-known herbal medicine in China. The clinical application of Gou-Teng is bewildered for the morphological and chemical similarity between different species. In order to discern their chemical and biological difference, an ultra-fast liquid chromatography equipped with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT/TOF-MS) combining with melatonin (MT1 and MT2) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT1A and 5-HT2C) receptors agonistic assay in vitro was conducted on seven Uncaria species. As a result, 57 compounds including 35 indole alkaloids, ten flavonoids, five triterpenoids, five chlorogenic analogues, and two other compounds were characterized based on their MS/MS patterns and UV absorptions. Specifically, cadambine-type and corynanthein-type alkaloids were exclusively present in U.rhynchophylla and U.scandens, whereas corynoxine-type alkaloids were commonly detected in all the seven Uncaria plants. Three Uncaria species, U. rhynchophylla, U. macrophylla, and U. yunnanensis showed obviously agnostic activity on four neurotransmitter receptors (MT1, MT2, 5-HT1A, and 5-HT2C). This first-time UFLCMS-IT-TOF analyses integrated with biological assay on seven Uncaria plants will provide scientific viewpoints for the clinical application of Gou-Teng.

6.
Cancer Lett ; 471: 38-48, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811909

RESUMO

The biological functions of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in gastric cancer (GC) remain largely unexplored. Here, we identified that circ-RanGAP1 was significantly upregulated in both GC tissues and exosomes from the plasma of GC patients. High circ-RanGAP1 expression was closely associated with an advanced TNM stage, lymph node metastases, and worse survival. Inhibition of circ-RanGAP1 decreased GC cell invasion and migration in vitro. Overexpression of circ-RanGAP1 had the opposite effect. Additionally, circ-RanGAP1 silencing remarkably suppressed tumor growth and metastasis of GC in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-RanGAP1 sponged miR-877-3p to upregulate VEGFA expression. Overexpression of miR-877-3p reversed the biological functions mediated by circ-RanGAP1 in GC cells. Interestingly, we demonstrated that circ-RanGAP1 was upregulated in plasma exosomes from preoperative GC patients. More importantly, the plasma exosomes derived from these patients enhanced the migration and invasion potential of GC cells. Overall, the circ-RanGAP1-mediated miR-877-3p/VEGFA axis promotes GC progression. Our findings suggest that circ-RanGAP1 might act as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for GC treatment.

7.
Oncogene ; 39(5): 1004-1017, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591481

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of Homeobox genes in human cancers has long been documented, whereas the mechanisms underlying remain largely obscure. Super-enhancers (SEs) act as key regulatory elements for both cell identity genes and cancer genes. Herein, we reported that SE-associated HOXB gene cluster represented a common feature of colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines and multiple HOXB genes within this cluster were overexpressed in CRC. Among them, we found that HOXB8 was oncogenic and its activation in CRC was driven by SE instead of genetic alteration. We further demonstrated that the master transcription factor MYC preferentially occupied SEs over TEs (typical enhancers) and regulated HOXB8 transcription by binding to the active elements of its SE. HOXB8 silencing induced reversal of transcriptional signatures associated with malignant phenotypes of CRC. Mechanistically, HOXB8 interacted with a key metastasis regulator BACH1 and instigated BACH1-mediated transcriptional cascade by directly occupying and activating BACH1 gene transcription together with BACH1 itself. Lastly, the relevance of HOXB8 activation in clinical settings was strengthened by its close association with prognostic outcomes of CRC patients.

8.
J Exp Bot ; 71(1): 204-218, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587067

RESUMO

Meiotic recombination plays a central role in maintaining genome stability and increasing genetic diversity. Although meiotic progression and core components are widely conserved across kingdoms, significant differences remain among species. Here we identify a rice gene ABERRANT GAMETOGENESIS 1 (AGG1) that controls both male and female gametogenesis. Cytological and immunostaining analysis showed that in the osagg1 mutant the early recombination processes and synapsis occurred normally, but the chiasma number was dramatically reduced. Moreover, OsAGG1 was found to interact with ZMM proteins OsHEI10, OsZIP4, and OsMSH5. These results suggested that OsAGG1 plays an important role in crossover formation. Phylogenetic analysis showed that OsAGG1 is a plant-specific protein with a highly conserved N-terminal region. Further genetic and protein interaction analyses revealed that the conserved N-terminus was essential for the function of the OsAGG1 protein. Overall, our work demonstrates that OsAGG1 is a novel and critical component in rice meiotic crossover formation, expanding our understanding of meiotic progression. This study identified a plant-specific gene ABERRANT GAMETOGENESIS 1 that is required for meiotic crossover formation in rice. The conserved N-terminus of the AGG1 protein was found to be essential for its function.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(5): 782-785, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845674

RESUMO

A relay Rh(ii)/Pd(0) dual catalysis that enables domino [1,2]-sigmatropic rearrangement/allylic alkylation of α-diazo tertiary alcohols is described. This transformation represents a highly efficient method for the one-pot synthesis of α-quaternary ß-keto-esters under mild conditions, in which two separate C-C σ-bonds at the carbenic center were formed in a straightforward manner.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783618

RESUMO

Gait analysis is an important assessment tool for analyzing vital signals collected from individuals and for providing physical information of the human body, and it is emerging in a diverse range of application scenarios, such as disease diagnosis, fall prevention, rehabilitation, and human-robot interaction. Herein, a kind of surface processed conductive rubber was designed and investigated to develop a pressure-sensitive insole to monitor planar pressure in a real-time manner. Due to a novel surface processing method, the pressure sensor was characterized by stable contact resistance, simple manufacturing, and high mechanical durability. In the experiments, it was demonstrated that the developed pressure sensors were easily assembled with the inkjet-printed electrodes and a flexible substrate as a pressure-sensitive insole while maintaining good sensing performance. Moreover, resistive signals were wirelessly transmitted to computers in real time. By analyzing sampled resistive data combined with the gait information monitored by a visual-based reference system based on machine learning method (k-Nearest Neighbor algorithm), the corresponding relationship between plantar pressure distribution and lower limb joint angles was obtained. Finally, the experimental validation of the ability to accurately divide gait into several phases was conducted, illustrating the potential application of the developed device in healthcare and robotics.

11.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the interval between CRT and surgery on radiation proctitis, the pathologic response, and postoperative morbidity. METHODS: This was a cohort study from a phase III, randomized controlled trial (FOWARC study, NCT01211210). Data were retrieved from the leading center of the trial. Patients were divided into the short-interval (≤7 weeks) group and the long-interval (>7 weeks) group. The rate of radiation proctitis, pathologic complete regression (pCR) and morbidities were calculated for each group. Multivariate analysis was used to verify the impact of interval on radiation proctitis. RESULTS: Surgery was performed in 60 patients after an interval of ≤7 weeks and in 97 patients after an interval of >7 weeks. The two groups according to interval were comparable in terms of baseline demographic and clinicotherapeutic characteristics. Radiation proctitis was identified by imaging in 9 (15.0%) patients in short-interval group and in 31 (32.0%) patients in long-interval group (P = .018). Multivariate analysis confirmed the correlation between long interval and radiation proctitis (P = .018). The long interval was significantly associated with longer median operation time compared to the short interval (P = .022). The rates of pCR and postoperative complications were not different between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A longer interval after CRT may be associated with higher rate of radiation proctitis and longer operation time. Moreover it did not increase the rate of pCR.

12.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761827

RESUMO

This study focused on the differential metabolomic effects between water extracts of Polygoni Multiflori Radix and Polygoni Multiflori Radix Preparata in rats. The extracts were subsequently administered for 28 days. Serum biochemical indicators were tested, hematoxylin-eosin staining and and immunohistochemistry staining were used to detect histopathological changes in the livers. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was used to detect the changes in endogenous metabolites. Finally, we performed detailed analysis of the changes in metabolic pathways. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemistry staining results indicated that the water extracts of Polygoni Multiflori Radix and Polygoni Multiflori Radix Preparata had mild liver injury effect. Fifty-two differential endogenous biomarkers were confirmed as potential biomarkers between Polygoni Multiflori Radix and Polygoni Multiflori Radix Preparata groups. In the positive ion mode, the biomarkers included 31 PCs, six lysoPCs, and ceramide. In the negative ion mode, 12 biomarkers were confirmed, including glycodeoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, and deoxycholic acid and etc. In HILIC mode, nine biomarkers were confirmed, including niacinamide, L-palmitoylcarnitine, and butyrylcarnitine and etc. Using MetaboAnalyst 4.0, six related metabolic pathways, including taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, and tryptophan metabolism and primary bile synthesis, were confirmed as the most differential pathways between the Polygoni Multiflori Radix and Polygoni Multiflori Radix Preparata groups.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751288

RESUMO

With the paradigm shift from hospital-centric healthcare to home-centric healthcare in Healthcare 4.0, healthcare robotics has become one of the fastest growing fields of robotics. The combination of robot capabilities with human intelligence, for example, telerobotics for home care, is gradually showing promising potentials. In this paper, the Home-TeleBot system, a generalized IoT-enabled telerobotic architecture designed to support home-centric healthcare system, is proposed. In particular, the implementation of it is realized by integrating human-motion-capture subsystem with robot-control subsystem. The dual-arm cooperative robot, YuMi, imitates human motion captured by a set of wearable inertial motion capture devices to complete tasks. The proposed approach using workspace mapping and path planning of robot manipulators, facilitates telerobot to execute tasks in a natural and human-like way. Based on the constant of proportionality calculated by comparing the human original workspace with the robot original workspace, the workspace mapping is achieved by making assumptions of the distance between end-effectors (human hands, robot's grippers) and shoulders. Additionally, robot manipulators' path is planned by setting virtual obstacles to constrain robot motion, which aims to improve the performance of robot's human-like motion. As a specific example of application, we apply the proposed architecture to a fetching task based on dual-arm motion capture and mapping for telerobotics in home care.

14.
Chin Med ; 14: 46, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673279

RESUMO

Background: The side effects caused by Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR) and Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata (PMRP) have often appeared globally. There is no research on the changes of endogenous metabolites among PMR- and PMRP-treated rats. The aim of this study was to evaluate the varying metabolomic effects between PMR- and PMRP-treated rats. We tried to discover relevant differences in biomarkers and endogenous metabolic pathways. Methods: Hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry staining were performed to find pathological changes. Biochemical indicators were also measured, one-way analysis of variance with Dunnett's multiple comparison test was used for biochemical indicators comparison among various groups. Metabolomics analysis based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF-MS) was performed to find the changes in metabolic biomarkers. Multivariate statistical approaches such as principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were applied to reveal group clustering trend, evaluate and maximize the discrimination between the two groups. MetaboAnalyst 4.0 was performed to find and confirm the pathways. Results: PMR extracts exhibited slight hepatotoxic effects on the liver by increasing aspartate and alanine aminotransferase levels. Twenty-nine metabolites were identified as biomarkers, belonging to five pathways, including alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, and primary bile acid biosynthesis. Conclusion: This study provided a comprehensive description of metabolomic changes between PMR- and PMRP-treated rats. The underlying mechanisms require further research.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721286

RESUMO

With the versatile metabolic diversity, Pseudomonas fluorescens is a potential candidate in petroleum aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) bioremediation. Genome-scale metabolic model (GSMM) can provide systematic information to guide the development of metabolic engineering strategy to improve microbial activity. In this study, the first GSMM for P. fluorescens SBW25 was reconstructed, termed lCW1057. The reconstruction was based on automatic reannotation and manual curation. The periplasmic compartment was constructed to better represent the proton gradient profile. The reconstructed proton transport chain has a P/O ratio at 11/8. Flux balance analysis (FBA) was performed to explore the whole-cell metabolic flow. The model suggested that instead of EMP pathway, ED pathway was used in glycolytic metabolism of P. fluorescens, indicating that the growth of P. fluorescens is more energy dependent. Furthermore, P. fluorescens can use nitrate as the terminal electron acceptor for the glucose metabolism. The ß-ketoadipate pathway was involved in catechol metabolism. The uptake of oxygen is mandatory for the aromatic ring cleavage. The in silico and in vitro maximum specific growth rate was compared, resulting in 10 % difference when catechol was used as the sole carbon source. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 920, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating immune cells are present in various malignant tumors, but their clinical significance in gastric cancer (GC) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). METHODS: Using a prospective database containing 401 cases of GC, we evaluated TIL (cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8) expression) and TAM (cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68) expression) statuses via immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: Compared with CD8+ TIL-negative cases (n = 196, 48.6%), CD8+ TIL-positive cases (n = 205, 51.1%) showed significantly better recurrence-free survival (RFS) [log-rank p<0.001; multivariate HR: 0.372; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.239-0.579, p<0.001]. In contrast, compared with CD68+ TAM-negative cases (n = 217, 54.1%), CD68+ TAM-positive cases (n = 184, 45.9%) had significantly poor RFS [log-rank p<0.001; multivariate HR: 2.182; 95% CI: 1.435-3.318, p<0.001]. Thus, patients with a positive CD8+ TIL and negative CD68+ TAM status exhibited significantly increased RFS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that CD8+ TILs and CD68+ TAMs may serve as independent prognostic markers for RFS. Incorporating CD8+ TIL and CD68+ TAM statuses into the AJCC TNM system generated a predictive model with better predictive accuracy for RFS. More importantly, patients with a positive TIL and negative TAM status showed a tendency of improved RFS after postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (PAC). Similar results were obtained by overall survival (OS) analysis. CONCLUSIONS: CD8+ TIL and CD68+ TAM statuses were identified as independent prognostic factors that may be integrated into the current TNM staging system to refine risk stratification and to better predict the survival benefit from PAC in patients with GC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The current controlled trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (ID: NCT02327481 ) on December 30, 2014.

18.
Ren Fail ; 41(1): 842-849, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488014

RESUMO

Purpose: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by progressive development of kidney cysts and enlargement and dysfunction of the kidneys. The Consortium of Radiologic Imaging Studies of the Polycystic Kidney Disease (CRISP) cohort revealed that 89.1% had either a PKD1 or PKD2 mutation. Of the CRISP patients with a genetic cause detected, mutations in PKD1 accounted for 85%, while mutations in the PKD2 accounted for the remaining 15%. Here, we report exome sequencing of 16 Saudi patients diagnosed with ADPKD and 16 ethnically matched controls. Methods: Exome sequencing was performed using combinatorial probe-anchor synthesis and improved DNA Nanoballs technology on BGISEQ-500 sequencers (BGI, China) using the BGI Exome V4 (59 Mb) Kit. Identified variants were validated with Sanger sequencing. Results: With the exception of GC-rich exon 1, we obtained excellent coverage of PKD1 (mean read depth = 88) including both duplicated and non-duplicated regions. Of nine patients with typical ADPKD presentations (bilateral symmetrical kidney involvement, positive family history, concordant imaging, and kidney function), four had protein truncating PKD1 mutations, one had a PKD1 missense mutation, and one had a PKD2 mutation. These variants have not been previously observed in the Saudi population. In seven clinically diagnosed ADPKD cases but with atypical features, no PKD1 or PKD2 mutations were identified, but rare predicted pathogenic heterozygous variants were found in cystogenic candidate genes including PKHD1, PKD1L3, EGF, CFTR, and TSC2. Conclusions: Mutations in PKD1 and PKD2 are the most common cause of ADPKD in Saudi patients with typical ADPKD. Abbreviations: ADPKD: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease; CFTR: Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator; EGF: Epidermal growth factor; MCIC: Mayo Clinic Imaging Classification; PKD: Polycystic kidney disease; TSC2: Tuberous sclerosis complex 2.

19.
Cell Cycle ; 18(20): 2800-2813, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478454

RESUMO

Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular development by testicular and SSC culture methods. Our results revealed that MTMR7 is exclusively located in early germ cells. Deficiency of MTMR7 by morpholino in neonatal testis caused excessive SSC proliferation, which was attributable to the aberrant PI3K/AKT signaling activation. Altogether, our study demonstrates that MTMR7 maintains SSC homeostasis by inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling activation.

20.
J Microencapsul ; 36(6): 552-565, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403342

RESUMO

Taxane-based chemotherapy-loaded drug delivery systems have great potential for cancer treatment. The docetaxel (DTX)-loaded PAMAM-based poly (γ-benzyl-l-glutamate)-b-d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (PAM-PBLG-b-TPGS) nanoparticles and the docetaxel (DTX)-loaded PAMAM-based poly (γ-benzyl-l-glutamate) (PAM-PBLG) nanoparticles were designed using a modified nanoprecipitation method. The particle size, encapsulation efficiency (EE), and in vitro release characteristics of the nanoparticles were tested. The effects of the two nanoparticles on the cellular uptake and cell viability on human cervical cancer cell line Hela and the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 were compared. Furthermore, their antitumor efficiency was evaluated through in vivo tumour growth experiment in comparison with free DTX. PAM-PBLG-b-TPGS nanoparticles displayed high EE, smaller diameter, and a nice releasing profile. Besides, based on the high EE and 'self-controlled' drug release of the DTX-loaded PAM-PBLG-b-TPGS nanoparticles, they exhibited stronger cytotoxicity (lower survival rate) and higher uptake rate than DTX-loaded PAM-PBLG nanoparticles in Hela cells and MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, compared with DTX-loaded PAM-PBLG nanoparticles and free DTX, DTX-loaded PAM-PBLG-b-TPGS nanoparticles produced a potent anti-tumour effect. Thus, the DTX-loaded PAM-PBLG-b-TPGS nanoparticles provide a novel attractive nanocarrier for the DTX delivery of chemotherapy to human breast cancer cells and human cervical cancer cells.

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