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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 127: 104270, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582881

RESUMO

Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) type C (CPC) is one of the chief pathogens that causes diarrhea in piglets, and C. perfringens beta2 (CPB2) toxin is the main virulence factor of CPC. Our previous research demonstrated that ssc-microR-132 was differentially expressed in ileal tissues of CPC-mediated diarrheic piglets and healthy piglets, which implied a potential role of ssc-microR-132 in this process. Here, we found that ssc-microR-132 was notably down-regulated in CPB2-exposed intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-J2), which was consistent with the ileal tissue expression. Moreover, ssc-microR-132 upregulation alleviated CPB2-induced inflammatory damage and apoptosis in IPEC-J2, whereas ssc-microR-132 knockdown presented the opposite effects. Furthermore, the dual-luciferase reporter assay indicated that ssc-microR-132 directly targeted Dachshund homolog 1 (DACH1). Moreover, DACH1 overexpression intensified CPB2-induced inflammatory injury and apoptosis in IPEC-J2. Remarkably, the introduction of DACH1 weakened the anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of ssc-microR-132 in CPB2-exposed IPEC-J2. Overall, the results reveal that ssc-microR-132 targeted DACH1 to alleviate CPB2-mediated inflammation and apoptosis in IPEC-J2.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816824

RESUMO

π-Conjugated-polymer-based nanofibers (CPNFs) of controlled length, composition and morphology are promising for a broad range of emerging applications in optoelectronics, biomedicine and catalysis, owing to the morphological merits of fiber-like nanostructures and structural attributes of π-conjugated polymers. Living crystallization-driven self-assembly (CDSA) of π-conjugated-polymer-containing block copolymers (BCPs) has emerged as an efficient strategy to prepare CPNFs with precise dimensional and structural controllability by taking advantage of the crystallinity of π-conjugated polymers. In this review, recent advances in the generation of CPNFs have been highlighted. The influence of the structure of π-conjugated-polymer-containing BCPs and experimental conditions on the CDSA behaviors, especially seeded growth and self-seeding processes of living CDSA, has been discussed in detail, aiming to provide an in-depth overview of living CDSA of π-conjugated-polymer-containing BCPs. In addition, the properties of CPNFs as well as their potential applications have been illustrated. Finally, we put forward the current challenges and research directions in the field of CPNFs.

3.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799963

RESUMO

The materials used for the fabrication of solid phase microextraction fiber coatings in the past five years are summarized in the current review, including carbon, metal organic frameworks, covalent organic frameworks, aerogel, polymer, ionic liquids/poly (ionic liquids), metal oxides, and natural materials. The preparation approaches of different coatings, such as sol-gel technique, in-situ growth, electrodeposition, and glue methods, are briefly reviewed together with the evolution of the supporting substrates. In addition, the limitations of the current coatings and the future development directions of solid phase microextraction are presented. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0258962, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tibial Pilon fractures are severe fractures accompanied by soft tissue injury. Although open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) are effective in treating Pilon fractures, there is a controversy over time to surgery due to reported postoperative complications. However, there is no systematic review evaluating the difference of postoperative complications between early and delayed ORIF for treating pilon fractures. METHODS: Relevant literature written in English will be searched through PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE, and Web of Science. The study aims to compare the effects and complications of early and delayed ORIF for treating fresh pilon fractures in adult patients. The primary outcome will be infection rate, fracture union time, nonunion and malunion rate. And the secondary outcome will be metalwork removal, amputation, and ankle function grade. Two reviewers will independently assess the eligibility of the studies according to the pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. A meta-analysis for the available data will be conducted using Revman 5.3. To measure effect size, odds ratios (ORs) and mean difference will be used for dichotomous and continuous data, respectively. Statistical heterogeneity will be explored. And a random-effects model or a fixed-effects will be used in pooled data on the basis of the existence or absence of heterogeneity. Subgroup analysis will be conducted to identify sources of heterogeneity and sensitivity analysis to test the results' robustness. We will assess the risk of bias by four different quality assessment tools according to the study design. Publication bias will be evaluated by funnel plot. The study data will be stored in the Open Science Framework website. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020207465.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806718

RESUMO

Near-infrared emitting bi-metallic gold/silver nanoclusters with large Stokes shifts were manufactured through one-pot synthesis. The gold/silver nanoclusters exhibit strong NIR fluorescence due to the silver effect, which can be applied as a two-photon fluorescent contrast agent for in vivo bioimaging.

6.
Front Genet ; 12: 689748, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737761

RESUMO

Piglet diarrhea is a swine disease responsible for serious economic impacts in the pig industry. Clostridium perfringens beta2 toxin (CPB2), which is a major toxin of C. perfringens type C, may cause intestinal diseases in many domestic animals. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA methylation plays critical roles in many immune and inflammatory diseases in livestock and other animals. However, the role of m6A methylation in porcine intestinal epithelial (IPEC-J2) cells exposed to CPB2 has not been studied. To address this issue, we treated IPEC-J2 cells with CPB2 toxin and then quantified methylation-related enzyme expression by RT-qPCR and assessed the m6A methylation status of the samples by colorimetric N6-methyladenosine quantification. The results showed that the methylation enzymes changed to varying degrees while the m6A methylation level increased (p < 0.01). On this basis, we performed N6-methyladenosine sequencing (m6A-seq) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to examine the detailed m6A modifications and gene expression of the IPEC-J2 cells following CPB2 toxin exposure. Our results indicated that 1,448 m6A modification sites, including 437 up-regulated and 1,011 down-regulated, differed significantly between CPB2 toxin exposed cells and non-exposed cells (p < 0.05). KEGG pathway analysis results showed that m6A peaks up-regulated genes (n = 394) were mainly enriched in cancer, Cushing syndrome and Wnt signaling pathways, while m6A peaks down-regulated genes (n = 920) were mainly associated with apoptosis, small cell lung cancer, and the herpes simplex virus 1 infection signaling pathway. Furthermore, gene expression (RNA-seq data) analysis identified 1,636 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 1,094 were up-regulated and 542 were down-regulated in the toxin exposed group compared with the control group. In addition, the down-regulated genes were involved in the Hippo and Wnt signaling pathways. Interestingly, the combined results of m6A-seq and RNA-seq identified genes with up-regulated m6A peaks but with down-regulated expression, here referred to as "hyper-down" genes (n = 18), which were mainly enriched in the Wnt signaling pathway. Therefore, we speculate that the genes in the Wnt signaling pathway may be modified by m6A methylation in CPB2-induced IPEC-J2 cells. These findings provide new insights enabling further exploration of the mechanisms underlying piglet diarrhea caused by CPB2 toxin.

7.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 767667, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759949

RESUMO

Multiple C2 domain and transmembrane region proteins (MCTPs) are a group of evolutionarily conserved proteins and show emerging roles in mediating protein trafficking and signaling transduction. Although, several studies showed that MCTPs play important roles during plant growth and development, their biological functions in cotton remain largely unknown. Here, we identify and characterize 33 GhMCTP genes from upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and reveal the diverse expression patterns of GhMCTPs in various tissues. We also find that GhMCTP7, GhMCTP12, and GhMCTP17 are highly expressed in the main stem apex, suggesting their possible roles in shoot development. Through analyzing different cotton species, we discover plant heights are closely related to the expression levels of GhMCTP7, GhMCTP12, and GhMCTP17. Furthermore, we silence the expression of GhMCTP genes using virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) system in cotton and find that GhMCTP7, GhMCTP12, and GhMCTP17 play an essential role in shoot meristem development. GhMCTPs interact with GhKNAT1 and GhKNAT2 and regulate meristem development through integrating multiple signal pathways. Taken together, our results demonstrate functional redundancy of GhMCTPs in cotton shoot meristem development and provide a valuable resource to further study various functions of GhMCTPs in plant growth and development.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716498

RESUMO

Emerging data have revealed that CD95 can evoke non-apoptotic signals, thereby promoting pro-inflammatory functions that link to the severity of autoimmune disorders. Here, we reported that the expression of CD95 in CD4+ effector memory T (CD4+ TEM) cells was increased in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. We also found increased expression of CD95 in CD4+ TEM cells from MG patients correlated positively with clinical severity scores (QMGs), serum IL-17 levels and plasma cells (PCs) frequencies. Conventional treatment, such as glucocorticoid, could down-regulate the expression of CD95 in CD4+ TEM cells, QMGs, serum IL-17 levels and PCs frequencies from MG patients. In vitro, low-dose of agonistic anti-CD95 mAb could promote Th17 cell development. This effect was reversed by CD95 siRNA. Moverover, CD95 stimulation induced the phosphorylation of p38 and Erk1/2 and Th17 cell differentiation, and p38 specific inhibitor SB203580 or Erk1/2 specific inhibitor PD98059 could induce opposite changes. However, SB203580 or PD98059 do not abrogate the increase of CCR6+IL-17A+ cells, ROR-γt and IL-17 expression induced by CD95 triggering relatively to each corresponding control. This suggests that p38 and Erk1/2 MAPK pathway plays a role in expression of CCR6+IL-17A+ cells, ROR-γt and IL-17, but not in their increase induced by CD95 triggering. Taken together, this study revealed that increased expression of CD95 in CD4+ TEM cells promotes Th17 response under the microenvironment of MG.

9.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 227, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697291

RESUMO

In fleshy fruits, organic acids are the main source of fruit acidity and play an important role in regulating osmotic pressure, pH homeostasis, stress resistance, and fruit quality. The transport of organic acids from the cytosol to the vacuole and their storage are complex processes. A large number of transporters carry organic acids from the cytosol to the vacuole with the assistance of various proton pumps and enzymes. However, much remains to be explored regarding the vacuolar transport mechanism of organic acids as well as the substances involved and their association. In this review, recent advances in the vacuolar transport mechanism of organic acids in plants are summarized from the perspectives of transporters, channels, proton pumps, and upstream regulators to better understand the complex regulatory networks involved in fruit acid formation.

10.
Int J Oncol ; 59(5)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664682

RESUMO

The Nectin cell adhesion molecule (Nectin) family members are Ca2+­independent immunoglobulin­like cellular adhesion molecules (including Nectins 1­4), involved in cell adhesion via homophilic/heterophilic interplay. In addition, the Nectin family plays a significant role in enhancing cellular viability and movement ability. In contrast to enrichment of Nectins 1­3 in normal tissues, Nectin­4 is particularly overexpressed in a number of tumor types, including breast, lung, urothelial, colorectal, pancreatic and ovarian cancer. Moreover, the upregulation of Nectin­4 is an independent biomarker for overall survival in numerous cancer types. A large number of studies have revealed that high expression of Nectin­4 is closely related to tumor occurrence and development in various cancer types, but the manner in which Nectin­4 protein contributes to the onset and development of these malignancies is yet unknown. The present review summarizes the molecular mechanisms and functions of Nectin­4 protein in the biological processes and current advances with regard to its expression and regulation in various cancer types.

11.
Plant Signal Behav ; : 1987767, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686106

RESUMO

Anthocyanins, a flavonoid group of polyphenolic compounds, have evolved in plants since the land was colonized by plants. These bioactive compounds play critical roles in diverse physiological processes. They are synthesized in the cytosol and transported into the vacuole for storage or to other destinations, where they function as bioactive molecules. The mechanisms of anthocyanin synthesis and transport have been well studied. However, the precise regulation of the mechanisms of anthocyanin degradation remains to be elucidated. In this review, we highlight recent progress in the understanding of the characteristics and functions of anthocyanins and class III peroxidases, as well as of the existing evidence of the effects of class III peroxidases on the degradation of anthocyanins and the possible regulatory mechanisms involved.

12.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 658380, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589469

RESUMO

Smoking is considered a key risk factor for implant survival; however, how it interacts with the pathogens in peri-implant infections is not clear. Here, we identified that nicotine, the key component of cigarette smoking, can interact with Staphylococcus aureus and synergistically induce peri-implant infections in a rat osteolysis model. The nicotine-S. aureus combination group increased the gross bone pathology, osteolysis, periosteal reactions, and bone resorption compared to the nicotine or S. aureus single treated group (p < 0.05). Nicotine did not promote the proliferation of S. aureus both in vitro and in vivo, but it can significantly upregulate the expression of staphylococcal protein A (SpA), a key virulence factor of S. aureus. The nicotine-S. aureus combination also synergistically activated the expression of RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand, p < 0.05) to promote the development of peri-implant infections. The synergistic effects between nicotine and S. aureus infection can be a new target to reduce the peri-implant infections.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(39): 46840-46847, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546028

RESUMO

Fiber-based nanogenerators have great potential applications in wearable electronics such as portable nanodevices, e-skin, and artificial intelligence system. Here, we report a kind of fiber-based electret nanogenerator (FENG) with a semisupported core-shell structure. Owing to its unique structure, the open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current of the FENG reach 40 V and 0.6 µA, respectively, under a short working distance (∼25 µm). No obvious degradation of the output performance under a long-time continuous work (>16 h) and different humidity environments (20-95%) is observed, which demonstrates the FENG's good reliability and stability. Many universal materials, such as cotton rope, conductive sewing thread, and polyvinyl chloride tube, have been successfully used to fabricate FENG. Meanwhile, the FENG-based wearable fabric has been successfully developed to effectively harvest mechanical energy of human motion. The FENG is highly effective, reliable, and stable, promoting the development of fiber-based nanogenerators and their applications in self-powered wearable electronics.

14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551437

RESUMO

The significant function of circRNAs in cancer was recognized in recent work, so a well-organized resource is required for characterizing the interactions between circRNAs and other functional molecules (such as microRNA and RNA-binding protein) in cancer. We previously developed cancer-specific circRNA database (CSCD), a comprehensive database for cancer-specific circRNAs, which is widely used in circRNA research. Here, we updated CSCD to CSCD2 (http://geneyun.net/CSCD2 or http://gb.whu.edu.cn/CSCD2), which includes significantly more cancer-specific circRNAs identified from a large number of human cancer and normal tissues/cell lines. CSCD2 contains >1000 samples (825 tissues and 288 cell lines) and identifies a large number of circRNAs: 1 013 461 cancer-specific circRNAs, 1 533 704 circRNAs from only normal samples and 354 422 circRNAs from both cancer and normal samples. In addition, CSCD2 predicts potential miRNA-circRNA and RBP-circRNA interactions using binding motifs from >200 RBPs and 2000 microRNAs. Furthermore, the potential full-length and open reading frame sequence of these circRNAs were also predicted. Collectively, CSCD2 provides a significantly enhanced resource for exploring the function and regulation of circRNAs in cancer.

15.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

16.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(10): 1416-1421, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480383

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus in patients with atrial fibrillation is usually detected by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) can be a suitable alternative to detect thrombosis. However, the effectiveness of the two methods for detecting LAA thrombus is still unclear, we performed a meta-analysis that compared ICE versus TEE for LAA thrombosis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase for published abstracts and manuscripts on June 1, 2020. The analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3, STATA 15, and Meta-Disc 1.4. RESULTS: Eight studies consists of 1108 patients (TEE = 558 vs. ICE = 550) were included. The average sensitivity of ICE and TEE to diagnose LAA thrombus is 1.0 (95% CI: 0.91-1.00) versus 0.68 (95% CI: 0.49-0.83), and specificity of ICE and TEE to diagnosis of LAA thrombus is 1.0 (95% CI: 0.99-1.00) versus 0.98 (95% CI: 0.96-0.99). The AUC of ICE and TEE is 0.9846 (SEAUC = 0.0196) and 0.9655 (SEAUC = 0.0401), and the Q* statistics is 0.9462 (SEQ* = 0.0406) and 0.9127 (SEQ * = 0.0616), respectively. Z test was performed on Q* statistics (Z = 0.45, p > .05). CONCLUSION: The ICE and TEE have similar diagnostic efficacy for LAA thrombosis, but the ICE has higher sensitivity. Compared with TEE, ICE may be more advantages and prospects for clinical application.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Cardiopatias , Trombose , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559687

RESUMO

Context: Self-compassion training involves the cultivation of feelings of warmth and safety, presence, and interconnectedness. Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) training in a group setting has been found to increase self-compassion, mindfulness, and emotional well-being. Objective: The current study intended to examine the outcomes of live, online, videoconference-based MSC training with online peer-support for nonclinical populations in different cities in China. Design: The research team designed a pre-post pilot study. Setting: The study took place at Renmin University in Beijing, China. Participants: Participants were 253 Chinese individuals who were recruited from different regions in China through online advertisements. Intervention: Participants took part in online MSC training in a two-hour, group class each week for eight weeks and received support from online peer groups and through a half-day in-person retreat. Outcome Measures: Self-report outcomes were obtained at baseline and postintervention, using the Self Compassion Scale (SCS) and the Compassion for Others Scale (CS) for primary outcomes, and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), the Fear of Compassion Scale (FOCS), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), and the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale (CAMS-R), for secondary outcomes. A fixed effects model was used to test for within-group changes in the scales. Results: The online MSC program yielded a high retention rate. Of the 206 first-time participants, 179 (86.9%) attended six or more of the eight MSC sessions, and 183 (88.8%) completed the assessments at both baseline and postintervention. Of the 183 retained participants, 97.8% were female, with an average age of 37.8 ± 7.9; 94% had college or higher education. For all scales, the within-person changes occurred in the expected direction; positive attributes and experiences increased, while negative attributes and experiences decreased. Conclusions: The study showed that first-time participants in China in an online MSC training that was supported by online peer groups had high attendance rates, high assessment completion, and favorable results. These preliminary outcomes suggest that future studies with more rigorous designs are warranted to further investigate online training with peer support as an effective and efficient approach to disseminate MSC training in China.

18.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438721

RESUMO

Chinese HZ boars are typical plateau miniature boars characterized by precocious puberty, which is closely related to testicular development and spermatogenesis. Accumulating evidence indicates that lncRNA is involved in the testicular development and regulation of spermatogenesis. However, little is known about the lncRNA precocious regulation in testicular development and spermatogenesis on early sexual maturity of HZ boars. Thus, we investigated the expression and characterization of lncRNA and mRNA in 30-day-old and 120-day-old HZ boar testes using transcriptome to explore precocious puberty. Landrace (LC) boar was treated as the control. Histological analyses indicated that HZ boar underwent puberty development at an earlier stage than LC boar and had achieved sexual maturity at 120 days old. RNA-Seq yielded a total of 187 lncRNAs and 984 mRNAs; these molecules were identified as possible candidates for precocious puberty. GO terms and KEGG pathways enrichment analyses revealed that the differentially expressed lncRNA and their targeted genes were involved in metabolic pathways regulating testis development and spermatogenesis, such as the PI3K-Akt, TGF-beta and Wnt pathways. Further screening, some lncRNA (such as LOC102166140, LOC110259451, and MSTRG.15011.2), and mRNA (such as PDCL2, HSD17B4, SHCBP1L, CYP21A2, and SPATA3) were found to be possibly associated with precocious puberty, which would add to our understanding of the molecular regulatory mechanisms of precocious puberty. This study provided valuable information for further study of the role of lncRNA and mRNA in the process of precocious puberty.

19.
AMB Express ; 11(1): 121, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424425

RESUMO

Sulforaphane (SFN), an active compound in cruciferous vegetables, has been characterized by its antiproliferative capacity. We investigated the role and molecular mechanism through which SFN regulates proliferation and self-renewal of lung cancer stem cells. CD133+ cells were isolated with MACs from lung cancer A549 and H460 cells. In this study, we found that SFN inhibited the proliferation of lung cancer cells and self-renewal of lung cancer stem cells simultaneously. Meanwhile, the mRNA and protein expressions of Shh, Smo, Gli1 and PHC3 were highly activated in CD133+ lung cancer cells. Compared with siRNA-control group, Knock-down of Shh inhibited proliferation of CD133+ lung cancer cells, and decreased the protein expression of PHC3 in CD133+ lung cancer cells. Knock-down of PHC3 also affected the proliferation and decreased the Shh expression level in CD133+ lung cancer cells. In addition, SFN inhibited the activities of Shh, Smo, Gli1 and PHC3 in CD133+ lung cancer cells. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of SFN on the proliferation of siRNA-Shh and siRNA-PHC3 cells was weaker than that on the proliferation of siRNA-control cells. Sonic Hedgehog signaling pathway might undergo a cross-talk with PHC3 in self-renewal of lung cancer stem cells. SFN might be an effective new drug which could inhibit self-renewal of lung cancer stem cells through the modulation of Sonic Hedgehog signaling pathways and PHC3. This study could provide a novel way to improve therapeutic efficacy for lung cancer stem cells.

20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1050-1055, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of sulforaphane (SFN) on G2/M phase arrest of acute myeloid leukemia cells and its molecular mechanism. METHODS: KG1a and KG1cells were treated by different concentrations of SFN for 48 h. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to analyze the phase distribution of cell cycle. High-throughput sequencing was used to detect the effect of SFN on the expression of cell cycle related genes in KG1a cells. The mRNA expression of P53, P21, CDC2 and CyclinB1 were detected by qPCR. The protein expression of P53, CDC2, P-CDC2 and CyclinB1 were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Cells in the G2/M phase were increased from 11.9% to 54.0% in KG1a cells and 18.5% to 83.3% in KG1 cells after treated by SFN (8 µ mol / L) for 48 hours(P<0.001). KEGG analysis indicated that P53 pathway was enriched in KG1a cells after treated by SFN. The heat-map graph showed that SFN could change the relevant genes of the cell cycle in KG1a cells. After SFN treatment, the mRNA level of P53 and P21 were significantly increased in KG1 and KG1a cells(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The mRNA level of CDC2 showed a decrease trend with the increasing dose of SFN. At the dosage of 8 µmol /L, the mRNA expression levels of CDC2 was significantly lower than that in control group(P<0.05). At the same time, the protein level of P53 was significantly increased in KG1 and kG1a cells after treated by SFN(P<0.05). The protein level of CDC2 showed a decrease trend with the increasing dose of SFN in a dose manner(r=0.9482 and r=0.8977). The protein levels of CDC2 in SFN 8 and 12 µ mol/L groups were significantly lower than that in control group(P<0.05, P<0.01). The protein levels of P-CDC2 was increased. But the change of mRNA and protein level of CyclinB1 was not significant. CONCLUSION: SFN induces leukemia cells to block in G2/M phase by activating P53 signaling pathway, which can inhibit the expression of CDC2 and the activity of CDC2/cyclinB1.


Assuntos
Isotiocianatos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Ciclo Celular , Humanos , Isotiocianatos/farmacologia , Mitose , Sulfóxidos
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