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1.
Food Chem ; 337: 127971, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916534

RESUMO

This research used a digital image colorimetry (DIC) method to detect carbaryl in food samples using effervescence-assisted liquid phase microextraction based on solidification of switchable hydrophilicity solvent combined with a microfluidic thread-based analytical device (EA-LPME-SSHS-µTAD). 1-naphthol, the hydrolysate of carbaryl, was extracted into octanoic acid by the adjustment of pH values of the sample solution and separated through solidification in an ice bath. Then 1-naphthol contained in the extracted solution was coupled with 4-methoxybenzenediazonlum tetrafluoroborate (MBDF) fixed on the µTAD to produce tangerine compounds. The inherent colour variation was captured by a smartphone and processed to calculate the intensity (I). Under the optimal conditions, the limit of quantification was within 0.020-0.027 mg kg-1. The recovery was varied in the range from 92.3% to 105.9% with a relative standard deviation (RSD) below 5%. The developed method provides an alternative strategy to extract and detect pesticides for food samples.

2.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 107(Pt A): 26-35, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011434

RESUMO

Activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2), a member of the bZIP transcription factor family, is involved in multiple physiological and developmental processes, yet its role in the innate immunity remains unclear. In this study, two isoforms (named as MnATF2a and MnATF2b) of ATF2 gene were identified in Macrobrachium nipponense and were produced by exon skipping. The full length of MnATF2a is 2328 bp with an open reading frame of 2079 bp that encode 692 amino acids. MnATF2a has 237 bp nucleotides more than MnATF2b and the extra 237 bp is a complete exon. MnATF2a and MnATF2b proteins contain the same conserved and typical bZIP domain at the C-terminus. MnATF2a has 79 amino acids more than MnATF2b. MnATF2a and MnATF2b are widely distributed in a variety of immune tissues. After Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Staphylococcus aureus infection, the expression levels of MnATF2a and MnATF2b were significant up-regulated in the gills and stomach at 12 h. RNA interference analysis showed that knockdown of the total MnATF2 gene significantly inhibits the transcription of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and promotes the expression of crustins (including Cru3, Cru4, and Cru7). Further study showed that knockdown of MnTNF evidently increase the expression of Cru3, Cru4, and Cru7. Our research indicates that ATF2 negatively regulate the expression of AMPs by regulating the transcription of TNF in M. nipponense. This study provides valuable information about the function of ATF2 family in the innate immunity in crustacean.

3.
Lupus ; : 961203320959716, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028176

RESUMO

Although the original purpose of the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) classification criteria was to distinguish SLE from other mimic diseases, and to facilitate sample selection in scientific research, they have become widely used as diagnostic criteria in clinical situations. It is not known yet if regarding classification criteria as diagnostic criteria, what problems might be encountered? This is the first study comparing the three sets of classification criteria for SLE, the 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR'97), 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC'12) and 2019 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR'19), for their ability to distinguish patients with SLE from patients with pure mucocutaneous manifestations (isolated cutaneous lupus erythematosus without internal disease, i-CLE) in the lupus disease spectrum. 1,865 patients with SLE and 232 patients with i-CLE were recruited from a multicenter study. We found that, due to low specificity, none of the three criteria are adept at distinguishing patients with SLE from patients with i-CLE. SLICC'12 performed best among the original three criteria, but if a positive ANA was removed as an entry criterion, EULAR/ACR'19 would performed better. A review of previous studies that compared the three sets of criteria was presented in this work.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 981, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates that the systemic inflammatory response plays an important role in cancer development and progression. Several inflammatory markers have been reported to be associated with clinical outcomes in patients with various types of cancer. This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic value of inflammatory indexes in patients with ampullary cancer (AC) who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 358 patients with AC who underwent PD between 2009 and 2018. R software was used to compare the area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUROCs) of the inflammation-based indexes, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and prognostic index (PI), in terms of their predictive value for survival. The survival differences of these indexes were compared by the Kaplan-Meier method and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the prognostic factors of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The estimated 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS and DFS rates were 83.9, 65.8, and 55.2% and 58.0, 42.8, and 37.8%, respectively, for the entire cohort. The survival differences were significant in terms of OS and DFS when patients were stratified by these inflammation-based indexes. The comparisons of the AUROCs of these inflammation-based indexes illustrated that NLR and PI displayed the highest prognostic value, compared to the other indexes. When NLR and PI were combined, NLR-PI showed even higher AUROC values and was identified as a significant prognostic factor for OS and DFS. CONCLUSION: Specific inflammatory indexes, such as NLR, PLR and dNLR, were found to be able to predict the OS or DFS of patients. As a novel inflammatory index, the level of NLR-PI, which can be regarded as a more useful prognostic index, exhibited strong predictive power for predicting the prognosis of patients with AC after the PD procedure.

5.
BMC Med ; 18(1): 267, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapy is effective in patients with ovarian cancer. Whether adipose tissue (AT) could predict the efficacy of VEGF receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors in ovarian cancer is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the ability of distinct AT depots to predict the efficacy of apatinib, a VEGFR inhibitor, in recurrent ovarian cancers included in the AEROC trial. METHODS: The AEROC was a single-arm phase 2 trial of apatinib and oral etoposide in patients with platinum-resistant or platinum-refractory ovarian cancer. Apatinib was administered continuously, and oral etoposide was administered every 21 days for a maximum of six cycles. This was a post hoc study based on the AEROC trial. Areas of visceral AT (VAT), subcutaneous AT (SAT), and intermuscular AT (IMAT) were measured using computed tomography scan at baseline to assess their association with the objective response rate, progression-free survival, and overall survival. RESULTS: Of the 35 treated patients, 31 patients with at least one post-baseline efficacy assessment by computed tomography scan were included in this study. After adjusting for apatinib exposure, high VAT (odds ratio [OR], 0.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.90, P = 0.037) and SAT (OR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.03-0.87, P = 0.034) were significantly associated with a higher objective response rate. Further, decreased risks of disease progression and death were associated with high VAT (hazard ratio [HR], 0.39; 95% CI, 0.17-0.92, P = 0.031, and HR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.04-0.40, P < 0.001, respectively), SAT (HR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15-0.83, P = 0.027, and HR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.08-0.67, P = 0.007, respectively), and IMAT (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.06-0.74, P = 0.016, and HR, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.03-0.62, P = 0.011, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: High areas of VAT, SAT, and IMAT were significantly associated with better outcomes in patients with platinum-resistant or platinum-refractory ovarian cancer who received VEGFR inhibitors. AT assessments may be valuable as patient-specific imaging biomarkers for predicting response to VEGFR inhibitors. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02867956 .

6.
Genomics ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011328

RESUMO

Intermuscular bone (IB) is a hard-boned spicule exist in lower teleost, which brings a lot of detrimental effects on palatability and economic value of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala). Masson trichrome staining for ossific IB indicated that some osteoblasts appeared at the edge of the bone matrix and a few osteocytes are present in the center of the mineralized bone matrix. By comparing the orthologous gene families of fish with IBs and without IBs, we screened the key signaling pathways associated with IB formation. Furthermore, the transcriptomic data demonstrated the functional importance of these gene families. The candidate genes involved in chondrocyte development were highly expressed in stage 1 compared with stage 2 and stage 3, suggesting that the development process of IB might mainly involve in intramembranous ossification. Our research reveals the molecular mechanism of IBs formation, and provides molecular evidence for the further study on intermuscular boneless stains.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16239, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004887

RESUMO

High myopia (HM) is associated with impaired long-distance vision. accumulating evidences reported that abnormal visual experience leads to dysfunction in brain activity in HM even corrected. However, whether the long-term of abnormal visual experience lead to neuroanatomical changes remain unknown, the aim at this study is to investigate the alternation of cortical surface thickness in HM patients. 82 patients with HM (HM groups), 57 healthy controls (HC groups) were recruited. All participants underwent high-resolution T1 and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The cortical thickness analysis was preformed to investigate the neuroanatomical changes in HM patients using computational anatomy toolbox (CAT 12) toolbox. Compare with HCs, HM patients showed decreased the cortical surface thickness in the left middle occipital gyrus (MOG), left inferior parietal lobule (IPL), right inferior temporal gyrus (ITG), right precuneus, right primary visual area 1 (V1), right superior temporal gyrus (STG), right superior parietal lobule (SPL), right occipital pole, and right the primary motor cortex (M1), and increased to the parietal operculum (OP4) (P < 0.01, FWE-corrected), the mean cortical thickness of right orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and right subcallosal cortex showed negatively correlation between clinical variables (axis length (ALM), the average macular thickness (AMT), keratometer (KER) 1, KER2, the mean KER, the mean macular fovea thickness (MFK), the refractive diopter) in HM patients. Our result mainly provided an evidence of cortical thickness reduction and disconnection in visual center and visual processing area, and cortical thickness increase in left multimodal integration region in HM patients. This may provide important significance of the study of the neural mechanism of HM.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017485

RESUMO

Post-synthetic modification (PSM) is a prevalent and powerful strategy to introduce desired functionalities into covalent organic frameworks (COFs) for functional products, expediting their applications vastly. Herein, we demonstrate a PSM strategy for functionalizing brominated COFs via the well-developed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling. By this protocol, a variety of functionalities were installed into COFs efficiently, while the crystallinity and porosity of COFs retained well. As a proof-of-concept, BrCOF-2 was modified with trifluoromethyl groups to produce a SF 6 adsorbent with remarkably enhanced properties. This facile and versatile approach opens a new door for the synthesis of functional COFs, and greatly expands the scope of their structural design aiming for various properties and applications.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017503

RESUMO

Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) reaction and [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement are two paradigms in organic synthesis. By merging the two types of reactions, we herein describe [3,3]-rearrangement of aryl sulfoxides with α,ß-unsaturated nitriles. The reaction was achieved by sequentially treating both coupling partners with electrophilic activator (Tf2O) and base, offering an effective approach to prepare synthetically versatile α-aryl α,ß-unsaturated nitriles with Z-selectivity through direct α-C-H arylation of unmodified α,ß-unsaturated nitriles. The control experiments and DFT calculations support a four-stage reaction sequence including the assembly of Tf2 O activated aryl sulfoxide with α,ß-unsaturated nitrile, MBH-like Lewis base  addition, [3,3]-rearrangement, and E1cB-elimination. Among these stages, the Lewis base addition is diastereoselective and E1cB-elimination is cis -selective, which could account for the remarkable Z-selectivity of the reaction.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22421, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery develops rapidly in both elective and emergency settings. The study aimed to determine the role of different laparoscopic methods for the emergency treatment of complicated diverticulitis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and the Cochrane database were searched up to November 2019 to identify all published articles related to the topic. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata 15. RESULTS: Fourteen publications were included in the analysis. Laparoscopic surgery was applied in 425 patients, and 493 patients underwent open colon resection (OCR). Postoperative mortality, morbidity, severe complications, and reoperation rates were not significantly different between the laparoscopic and open surgery groups. Subgroup analysis was performed based on the different laparoscopic methods (laparoscopic colon resection [LCR] and laparoscopic lavage and drainage [LLD]). Subgroup analysis indicated that LCR was superior to OCR in terms of morbidity, while OCR was superior to LLD in terms of severe complications. CONCLUSIONS: The safety of laparoscopic surgery for the emergency treatment of complicated diverticulitis is related to different surgical methods. LCR is suggested to be a better choice according to the postoperative outcomes. More definite conclusions can be drawn in future randomized controlled trials.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020163

RESUMO

Background: The pharmacological activity of ceftriaxone depends on unbound concentration. However, direct measurement of unbound concentration is obstructive, and high individual variability of the unbound fraction of ceftriaxone was shown in children. We aim to evaluate and validate a method to predict unbound ceftriaxone in pediatric patients.Methods: Ninety-five pairs of concentration (total and unbound) from 92 patients were measured by the bioanalysis method we developed. The predictive performance of the three equations (empirical in vivo equation, disease adapted equation and multiple linear regression equation) was assessed by mean absolute prediction error (MAPE), mean prediction error (MAE), the proportion of the prediction error within ± 30% (P30) and ± 50% (P50) and linear regression of predicted versus actual unbound levels (R2).Results: The average total and unbound ceftriaxone concentrations were 126.18 ± 81.46 µg/mL and 18.82 ± 21.75 µg/mL, and the unbound fraction varied greatly from 4.75% to 39.97%. The MPE, MAPE, P30, P50 and R2 of empirical in vivo equation, disease equation and multiple linear equation were -.0.17 vs 0.00 vs 0.06, 0.24 vs 0.15 vs 0.27, 63.2% vs 89.5% vs 74.7% and 96.8% vs 97.9% vs 86.3% and 0.8730 vs 0.9342 vs 0.9315. The disease adapted equation showed the best predictive performance.Conclusion: We have developed and validated a bioanalysis method with one-step extraction pre-treatment for the determination of total ceftriaxone, and a prediction equation of unbound concentration was recommended. The proposed method can facilitate the clinical practice and research of unbound ceftriaxone in children.

12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4931, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004795

RESUMO

Testis-restricted melanoma antigen (MAGE) proteins are frequently hijacked in cancer and play a critical role in tumorigenesis. MAGEs assemble with E3 ubiquitin ligases and function as substrate adaptors that direct the ubiquitination of novel targets, including key tumor suppressors. However, how MAGEs recognize their targets is unknown and has impeded the development of MAGE-directed therapeutics. Here, we report the structural basis for substrate recognition by MAGE ubiquitin ligases. Biochemical analysis of the degron motif recognized by MAGE-A11 and the crystal structure of MAGE-A11 bound to the PCF11 substrate uncovered a conserved substrate binding cleft (SBC) in MAGEs. Mutation of the SBC disrupted substrate recognition by MAGEs and blocked MAGE-A11 oncogenic activity. A chemical screen for inhibitors of MAGE-A11:substrate interaction identified 4-Aminoquinolines as potent inhibitors of MAGE-A11 that show selective cytotoxicity. These findings provide important insights into the large family of MAGE ubiquitin ligases and identify approaches for developing cancer-specific therapeutics.

13.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 2): 128501, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039692

RESUMO

Removals of extracellular organic matter (EOM) derived from cyanobacterium M. aeruginosa and humic acid (HA) in single-component and bi-component systems and the interactions during the coagulation-ultrafiltration (C-UF) process were investigated in this study. In a single-component system, only 23% EOM could be removed by alum at dose as high as 6 mg/L, which induced serious membrane fouling in the following UF process. Interestingly, higher EOM removal efficiency was achieved (increase by about 20%) with the existence of HA and EOM-HA achieved less decline of permeate flux compared with individual EOM C-UF process. Zeta potential and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis indicated that the interactions of HA and EOM can strengthen charge neutralization and reduce CH2 chemical bonds, which had a positive effect on the coagulation process. In addition, EOM-HA floc had a more open and looser structure than EOM floc, which was more favorable in the UF process. The extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory indicated that the acid-base interaction energy was mainly reduced, thereby alleviating membrane fouling. The study showed this beneficial interaction between the HA and EOM would enhance the EOM removal efficacy by coagulation and release the membrane fouling caused by EOM.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107016, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039954

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to investigate whether miR-129-5p can regulate high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1)-modulated TLRs/NF-kappaB inflammatory pathway that contributed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced podocyte apoptosis and acutekidneyinjury (AKI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo models of sepsis were simulated using LPS-administrated podocytes and mice, respectively. The effects of LPS, mR-129-5p mimics and short hairpin RNA of HMGB1 (sh-HMGB1) on podocyte apoptosis were monitored using TUNEL staining. Protein expression was measured using western blotting. Survival outcomes were analyzed in septic mice with agomir-mR-129-5p administration. RESULTS: We observed that stimulation of podocytes with LPS significantly inhibits the expression of miR-129-5p, and overexpression of miR-129-5p protects against LPS-induced podocyte damage, over-activation of inflammatory response and apoptosis. In a mouse model, agomir-miR-129-5p administration significantly improves the survival outcomes in septic mice and LPS-induced AKI. Mechanically, LPS-induced the elevation of HMGB1, TLR2, TLR4 and nuclear NF-κB protein expression in vitro and in vivo are restrained by the overexpression of miR-129-5p. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of miR-129-5p protects against LPS-induced podocyte apoptosis, inflammation and AKI in vivo and in vitro models of sepsis. The underlying molecular mechanism is mediated via attenuating HMGB1/TLRs/NF-κB signaling axis modulated inflammatory response.

15.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 146: 111777, 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987112

RESUMO

Proinflammatory cytokines are potent inhibitors of bile acid nuclear receptors and transporters. Triptolide (TP), an active ingredient of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f., exhibits unique efficacy for autoimmune diseases and tumors. While its clinical application is greatly constrained by hepatotoxicity. Therefore, we explored the mechanism of iNKT cells and associated immunoregulators in TP-induced cholestatic liver injury. TP was administered to both female C57BL/6 mice and Jα18-/- mice. INKT cells released significantly increased Th2 cytokine IL-4 in C57BL/6 mice after TP administration. Blood biochemistry, histopathology and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that TP-induced cholestasis liver injury. In Jα18-/- mice, cholestatic liver damage was alleviated due to the upregulation of type 2 NKT cells, nuclear receptor FXR, transporter OATP1B2 and CYP450, but also the downregulation of Cxcl10, ICAM-1 and Egr-1. Above results suggested that Th2 cytokines produced by iNKT cells suppressed type 2 NKT cells and promoted the expression of immunoregulatory factors represented by CXCL10, ICAM-1 and Egr-1, which in turn affected cholestasis-related nuclear receptor, transporter and enzymes, thus aggravated cholestatic liver injury. Our research contributes to better understanding of the role of iNKT cells in TP-induced cholestatic liver injury, thereby providing potential therapeutic targets for clinical prevention and treatment.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931828

RESUMO

A new type of double-network hydrogel, cross-linked with microcrystalline cellulose grafted with ε-polylysine (MCC-PL) and N,N-methylene bisacrylamide/acrylic acid, was synthesised to efficiently inhibit bacterial proliferation and remove heavy metals. The physicochemical properties of the MCC-PL hydrogel (MCC-PLH) were characterised using scanning electronic microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and differential thermogravimetric analysis. The adsorption results showed that the optimal adsorption conditions were temperature of 313 K at pH of 5 and 6 of Pb2+ and Cu2+, respectively. The adsorption mechanism of MCC-PLH5 was successfully determined using Freundlich isotherm, pseudo-second kinetics, and intra-particle diffusion model, in conjunction with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Adsorption thermodynamic studies indicated that the process was spontaneous and endothermic. Antibacterial experiments showed that PL-grafted MCC hydrogel exhibited more efficient and durable antibacterial activity than MCC, indicating its potential for water decontamination.

17.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(11): 153194, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Nowadays, as traditional treatment methods are gradually limited, the development of new treatment methods needs to be resolved. This study aimed to investigate the role of microRNA(miR)-139-3p in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and further explored the underlying mechanism. METHODS: In this study, we first used quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to detect the level of miR-139-3p in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissue. Then, TargetScan and dual luciferase reporter assay were used to explore and verify whether rab5a was a direct target of miR-139-3p. Thereafter, the expression of miR-139-3p and rab5a in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma cell line SNU46 was changed by transfection with miR-139-3p mimic or rab5a-plasmid. Then, SNU46 cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, cell cycle, cell migration and cell invasion were determined using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, scratch assay and Transwell assay, respectively. Finally, mouse tumor formation experiments were used to test whether miR-139-3p still exerted its role in inhibiting laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in vivo. RESULTS: Compared with the adjacent normal tissues, miR-139-3p significantly down-regulated in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissue. It was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter experiment that rab5a was a direct target of miR-139-3p. Moreover, the up-regulation of miR-139-3p could effectively inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma cells, and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In the molecular level study, we found that up-regulation of miR-139-3p inhibited the expression of rab5a in SNU46 cells. In addition, the protein and mRNA expression of factors related to cell migration, invasion, proliferation and apoptosis, such as integrin ß1, Focal adhesion kinase (FAK), paxillin, B cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2), nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), in SNU46 cells were changed after miR-139-3p up-regulation. Consistent with the results of in vitro studies, in vivo experiments showed that miR-139-3p mimic inhibited laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tumor growth. All the effects of miR-139-3p on laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma were reversed by rab5a over-expression. CONCLUSION: miR-139-3p could inhibit laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma by targeting rab5a both in vitro and in vivo.

18.
Open Biol ; 10(9): 200141, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931720

RESUMO

Genomic regions with repeated sequences are unstable and prone to rapid DNA diversification. However, the role of tandem repeats within the coding region is not fully characterized. Here, we have identified a new hypervariable C-type lectin gene family with different numbers of tandem repeats (Rlecs; R means repeat) in oriental river prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense). Two types of repeat units (33 or 30 bp) are identified in the second exon, and the number of repeat units vary from 1 to 9. Rlecs can be classified into 15 types through phylogenetic analysis. The amino acid sequences in the same type of Rlec are highly conservative outside the repeat regions. The main differences among the Rlec types are evident in exon 5. A variable number of tandem repeats in Rlecs may be produced by slip mispairing during gene replication. Alternative splicing contributes to the multiplicity of forms in this lectin gene family, and different types of Rlecs vary in terms of tissue distribution, expression quantity and response to bacterial challenge. These variations suggest that Rlecs have functional diversity. The results of experiments on sugar binding, microbial inhibition and clearance, regulation of antimicrobial peptide gene expression and prophenoloxidase activation indicate that the function of Rlecs with the motif of YRSKDD in innate immunity is enhanced when the number of tandem repeats increases. Our results suggest that Rlecs undergo gene expansion through gene duplication and alternative splicing, which ultimately leads to functional diversity.

19.
Macromol Biosci ; : e2000185, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896072

RESUMO

The pollution of antibiotics in aquaculture environment is increasingly serious, and excessive antibiotics will kill the probiotics in aquaculture feed. How to improve the viability of probiotics in the antibiotics-contaminated environment is of significance. In this study, a new strategy for protecting Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells in situ against antibiotics is constructed based on cell surface engineering technology by putting on wearable protective layers for cells. The protective layer is constructed around cellular surface via the self-assembly of coacervate microdroplets that consist of carboxymethyl chitosan and carboxyl dextran. Without affecting the cell viability, the protective layer can grasp ciprofloxacin and decrease the contact of ciprofloxacin to cells and consequently improve the survival rate of cells when exposing to ciprofloxacin. This work highlights a facile strategy to establish removable artificial cell wall by biodegradable polysaccharides for improving the productivity of probiotics in antibiotic environments.

20.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(8): 721-4, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the hidden blood loss of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPPO) combined with locking plate fixation and intramedullary nail fixation in the treatment of tibial shaft fracture. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-one cases of tibial shaft fracture treated from January 2017 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were all treated with closed reduction and divided into two groups:group A (110 cases) and group B (81 cases). In group A, 78 males and 32 females were treated with MIPPO combined with locking plate. The age ranged from 19 to 74 (45.32±11.79) years old. According to AO classification, 42cases were type 42-A, 45 were type 42-B and 23 were type 42-C fractures. Group B was treated with intramedullary nail, including 65 males and 16 females, aged 19 to 84 (45.44± 14.32) years old. According to AO classification, there were 39 cases of type 42-A, 29 cases of type 42-B and 13 cases of type 42-C. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hidden blood loss were observed and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: On the first day, the hidden blood loss was (155.27±47.89) ml in group A and (160.43±131.42) ml in group B, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001);on the third day, the hidden blood loss was (102.70±94.79) ml in group A and (338.23±85.24) ml in group B, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, height, weight, fracture type and preoperative Hct (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of tibial shaft fracture with intramedullary nail, there is obvious hidden blood loss, which is much higher than expected.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas da Tíbia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pinos Ortopédicos , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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