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1.
Talanta ; 206: 120242, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514896

RESUMO

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) post-column photochemical reaction (PR) coupled capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector (C4D) was used for the first time in analysis of weak ultraviolet (UV)-absorbing, non-fluorescence and nonpolar compound. A series of conditions including the radiation power of light source, the length of the reaction tube and the thickness of detection tube were investigated. HPLC-PR-C4D system was successfully applied to the determination of Cyclosporin A (CsA). Consequently, under optimal conditions, the detection system exhibited a detection limit of 0.04 µg/mL and wide linear range from 0.5 µg/mL to 100 µg/mL for CsA detection. Application of the HPLC-PR- C4D system to pharmaceutical formulation and biological samples revealed the system developed maybe reliably applied to clinical studies.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589420

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) layer-structured transition-metal sulfide shows excellent Fenton catalytic properties, which has attracted much attention. However, the release of metal cations from the catalyst induces secondary environmental pollution. In the present study, 3D-constructed NiS assembled by 2D nanosheets was synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The NiS displayed high levels of Fenton catalytic activity for the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under a wide pH range from 5.60 to 12.21. However, Ni2+ was released in acidic solutions, and the released Ni2+ decreased with increasing pH. The catalytic mechanisms in acidic and alkaline solutions were explored. The high Fenton catalytic activity benefits from the synergistic effect of the Ni2+ and the S2- at pH = 5.60. At pH = 12.21, the S atom accelerated the electron transfer between the Ni(III) and Ni(II) at the NiS surface. The material kept the same catalytic activity for many cycles. These results demonstrate that NiS can be used as a catalyst for the Fenton process in alkaline conditions.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223331, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589638

RESUMO

Asparagus stem wilt, is a significant and devastating disease, typically leading to extensive economic losses in the asparagus industry. To obtain transgenic plants resistant to stem wilt, the hevein-like gene, providing broad spectrum bacterial resistance was inserted into the asparagus genome through Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. The optimal genetic transformation system for asparagus was as follows: pre-culture of embryos for 2 days, inoculation using a bacterial titre of OD600 = 0.6, infection time 10 min and co-culturing for 4 days using an Acetosyringone concentration of 200 µmol/L. Highest transformation frequencies reached 21% and ten transgenic asparagus seedlings carrying the hevein-like gene were identified by polymerase chain reaction. Moreover, integration of the hevein-like gene in the T1 generation of transgenic plants was confirmed by southern blot hybridization. Analysis showed that resistance to stem wilt was enhanced significantly in the transgenic plants, in comparison to non- transgenic plants. The results provide additional data for genetic improvement and are of importance for the development of new disease-resistant asparagus varieties.

4.
Life Sci ; : 116857, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521691

RESUMO

AIMS: Daphnetin (DAP) is a traditional Chinese drug usually used to treat cardiovascular diseases. Studies have confirmed the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-bacterial and insecticidal, anti-tumor and neuro-protective effects of DAP. However, its anti-arthritic potential remains unexplored. The aim of this study is to investigate the in vitro and in vivo chondroprotective effects of DAP. MAIN METHODS: The effect of DAP on primary rabbit chondrocytes was examined using recombinant human IL-1ß for 24 h. For the in vivo studies, rabbits were randomly divided into groups: a normal control group and osteoarthritis (OA) groups. The OA groups received three different doses of DAP for 4 or 8 weeks. The anti-arthritic effect of DAP was assessed using histopathological examinations, qRT-PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Both in vitro and in vivo results indicate that DAP exerts a protective effect against IL-1ß in chondrocytes. In vitro, DAP inhibits the expression of IL-6, IL-12, MMP-3, MMP-9 and MMP-13, induced by IL-1ß in rabbit chondrocytes, and stimulates the production of IL-10. The inhibitory effect of DAP on the MMPs is partially regulated by the inhibition of the PI3K/AKT, MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways. The effect of DAP on OA may be attributed to the suppression of inflammatory factor secretion, chondrocyte apoptosis observed by the decrease in pro-apoptotic Caspase-3 and BAX, and the activation of anti-apoptotic BCL-2. SIGNIFICANCE: DAP has a broad range of prospects in the treatment of OA, which provides a novel therapeutic strategy for OA.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461618

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) have emerged as one of the most promising alternatives to noble metal-based catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). While SACs can offer notable benefits in terms of lowering overall catalyst cost, there is still room for improvement regarding catalyst activity. To this end, we designed and successfully fabricated an ORR electrocatalyst in which atomic clusters are embedded in an atomically dispersed Fe-N-C matrix (FeAC@FeSA-N-C), as shown by comprehensive measurements using aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (AC-STEM) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The half-wave potential of FeAC@FeSA-N-C is 0.912 V (versus reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)), exceeding that of commercial Pt/C (0.897 V), FeSA-N-C (0.844 V), as well as the half-wave potentials of most reported non-platinum-group metal catalysts. The ORR activity of the designed catalyst stems from single-atom active centers but is markedly enhanced by the presence of Fe nanoclusters, as confirmed by both experimental measurements and theoretical calculations.

6.
Virol J ; 16(1): 105, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The gut microbiome is closely associated with the health of the host; although the interaction between the bacterial microbiome and the whole virome has rarely been studied, it is likely of medical importance. Examination of the interactions between the gut bacterial microbiome and virome of rhesus monkey would significantly contribute to revealing the gut microbiome composition. METHODS: Here, we conducted a metagenomic analysis of the gut microbiome of rhesus monkeys in a longitudinal cohort treated with an antibiotic cocktail, and we documented the interactions between the bacterial microbiome and virome. The depletion of viral populations was confirmed at the species level by real-time PCR. We also detected changes in the gut metabolome by GC-MS and LC-MS. RESULTS: A majority of bacteria were depleted after treatment with antibiotics, and the Shannon diversity index decreased from 2.95 to 0.22. Furthermore, the abundance-based coverage estimator (ACE) decreased from 104.47 to 33.84, and the abundance of eukaryotic viruses also changed substantially. In the annotation, 6 families of DNA viruses and 1 bacteriophage family were present in the normal monkeys but absent after gut bacterial microbiome depletion. Intriguingly, we discovered that changes in the gut bacterial microbiome composition may promote changes in the gut virome composition, and tryptophan, arginine, and quinone may play roles in the interaction between the bacterial microbiome and virome. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the clearly altered composition of the virome was correlated with depletion in the bacterial community and that metabolites produced by bacteria possibly play important roles in the interaction.

8.
Psychiatr Genet ; 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469783

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Multiple evidence suggests an involvement of the PDE4D in mental disorders. Therefore we investigate the association between obsessive-compulsive disorder and a polymorphism of the single nucleotide polymorphisms of PDE4D gene in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: We genotyped and performed a case-control association analysis of the PDE4D polymorphism rs1838733 in 400 obsessive-compulsive disorder patients and 459 healthy control subjects. RESULTS: The site conformed to Hardy-Weinberg (P > 0.05), three genotypes (AA, AG, GG) of PDE4D gene rs1838733 were detected. We demonstrated four principal results. First, there were no significant differences between the case and health controls in the genotype and allele at rs1838733 (P > 0.05). Second, there were no significant differences in the allele and genotype frequency between different genders obsessive-compulsive disorder (P > 0.05). Third, the genotype of single nucleotide polymorphism rs1838733 was associated with late-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder and female late-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The present study is the first to verify the associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms rs1838733 of the PDE4D gene with obsessive-compulsive disorder in a Chinese Han population. We found the genotype of single nucleotide polymorphism rs1838733 was associated with the occurrence of late-onset v and female late-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder. Therefore, PDE4D may play a role in the pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive disorder and may become a potential target for obsessive-compulsive disorder treatment in future research. Further studies should verify the current findings.

9.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of Xingnaojing Injection (XNJ, ) compared with naloxone for the treatment of acute alcohol intoxication (AAI), and provide the latest evidence through evidence-based approach. METHODS: Seven electro-databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Databases, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database (VIP) and Wanfang Database were searched from the inception to January 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing XNJ with naloxone for patients with AAI and reporting at least one of the below outcomes were included: patients' conscious recovery time, stay length in emergency department, disappearance time of the ataxia symptom, the severity of the symptoms, the blood alcohol content as well as the adverse events. Methodological quality of included trials was assessed using the risk of bias tool which recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. Meta-analysis was conducted by Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: Totally 141 trials with 13,901 patients were included in this review, all of them were assessed as unclear or high risk of bias. Results showed that on the basis of routine therapy, standard dose XNJ (10-20 mL) may have similar results with naloxone on the recovery time of consciousness (MD 12 min, 95% CI 7.2-17.4 min) and disappearance time of symptoms (MD 6 min, 95% CI-13.8-25.8 min) for patients with AAI. Larger dose of XNJ Injection (21-40 mL) may speed up the time (almost 1 h earlier). Combination of XNJ and naloxone seemed superior to the naloxone alone for all the relevant outcomes. The average difference of time in consciousness recovery was 2 h and the number of AAI patients whose consciousness recovery within 1 h was above 50% the combination group than in the control group (RR 1.42, 95% CI 1.29 to 1.56). No severe adverse events or adverse reactions of XNJ were reported in the included trials. CONCLUSIONS: Low quality of evidence showed XNJ may have equal effect as naloxone and may achieve better effect as add-on intervention with naloxone for patients with AAI. We failed to evaluate the safety of XNJ Injection due to the insufficient evidence in this review. Registration number. in PROSPERO (No. CRD42018087804).

10.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(7): 653-657, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the repair effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) combined with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on spinal cord injury in rats and explore its mechanism. METHODS: SD rat BMSCs were obtained by serum culture technique. Eighty healthy 6-week-old male SD rats(weight about 240 g) were randomly divided into 4 groups with 20 each. The sham operation group underwent simple laminectomy without damaging spinal cord and was kept in the same condition as the other 3 groups. The other 3 groups underwent left T9 spinal cord hemisection to establish spinal cord injury model. After 9 days of modeling the local transplantation was performed. The Control group was implanted with gelatin sponge containing normal saline. The BMSCs transplantation group was implanted with gelatin sponge containing BMSCs. The bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group was implanted with gelatin sponge containing bFGF+BMSCs. After 4 and 8 weeks, the expression of NF-200 and GFAP in injured spinal cord tissue was analyzed by Western blotting and the recovery of hind limb function was evaluated by Basso Beattie Bresnahan(BBB) motor function score scale. RESULTS: The BBB scores of BMSCs transplantation group and bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group were better than control group at 4 and 8 weeks after operation (P<0.05) and there was significant difference between bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group and BMSCs transplantation group (P<0.05). After 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively, NF-200 expression was minimal in control group and only a small amount was expressed in BMSCs transplantation group while in bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group NF-200 was highly expressed(P<0.05). GFAP expression was high in control group, middle in BMSCs transplantation group and low in bFGF BMSCs transplantation group(P<0.05). There was significant difference between bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group, BMSCs transplantation group and control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combined transplantation of BMSCs and bFGF can repair the spinal cord injury in rats. The mechanism may be related to the decrease of GFAP expression and the increase of NF-200 expression.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal
11.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416121

RESUMO

As our global population ages, the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases is critical to our society. In recent years, researchers have begun to study the role of biologically active chemicals from plants and herbs to gain new inspiration and develop new therapeutic drugs. Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Mey.) is a famous Chinese herbal medicine with a variety of pharmacological activities. It has been used to treat various diseases since ancient times. Extensive research over the years has shown that ginseng has potential as a neuroprotective drug, and its neuroprotective effects can be used to treat and prevent neurological damage or pathologically related diseases (such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, depression symptoms, and strokes). Moreover, evidence for the medicinal and health benefits of ginsenoside, its main active ingredient, in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases is increasing, and current clinical results have not reported any serious adverse reactions to ginseng. Therefore, we briefly review the recent research and development on the beneficial effects and mechanisms of ginseng and its main active ingredient, ginsenoside, in the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, hoping to provide some ideas for the discovery and identification of ginseng neuroprotection.

13.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 183: 110404, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394420

RESUMO

The assembly of nanoparticle into electrodes with precise structure and uniform core sizes is important for electrocatalysis. In this study, we reported on a simple strategy for in-situ preparation of gold nanoparticles embedded D-sorbitol hydrogel (D-gel@AuNPs). D-sorbitol hydrogel with acyl hydrazide (D-gel) was synthesized and characterized. AuNP's stable electronic structure, high surface coverage and good conductivity was achieved enabled D-gel@AuNPs exhibits the enhanced electrocatalytic performance. The electrochemical results reveal that the catalytic progress is highly promoted by the D-gel@AuNPs with a detection limit of 0.067 mM and detection range of 0.1-30 mM. The high enzymatic activity and stability provide the high possibility for the development of high value glucose sensors. This mechanistically novel strategy expands the scope of assembly of NPs method for the development of enhanced other electrochemical properties such as amperometric sensing and photcatalysis applications, as well as electrocatalysis.

14.
Nano Lett ; 19(8): 5380-5387, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369275

RESUMO

Understanding the growth mechanism of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has been long pursued since its discovery. With recent integration of in situ techniques into the study of CNT growth, important insights about the growth mechanism of CNT have been generated, which have improved our understanding significantly. However, previous in situ experiments were mainly conducted at low pressures which were far from the practical conditions. Direct information about the growth dynamics under relevant conditions is still absent and thus is highly desirable. In this work, we report atomic-scale observations of multiwalled CNT (MWCNT) growth and termination at near ambient pressure by in situ transmission electron microscopy. On the basis of the real-time imaging, we are able to reveal that the working catalyst is constantly reshaping at its apex during catalyzing CNT growth, whereas at the base the catalyst remains faceted and barely shows any morphological change. The active catalyst is identified as crystalline Fe3C, based on lattice fringes that can be imaged during growth. However, the oscillatory growth behavior of the CNT and the structural dynamics of the apex area strongly indicate that the carbon concentration in the catalyst particle is fluctuating during the course of CNT growth. Extended observations further reveal that the catalyst splitting can occur: whereas the majority of the catalyst stays at the base and continues catalyzing CNT growth, a small portion of it gets trapped inside of the growing nanotube. The catalyst splitting can take place multiple times, leading to shrinkage of both, catalyst size and diameter of CNT, and finally the growth termination of CNT due to the full coverage of the catalyst by carbon layers. Additionally, in situ observations show two more scenarios for the growth termination, that is, out-migration of the catalyst from the growing nanotube induced by (i) Oswald ripening and (ii) weakened adhesion strength between the catalyst and CNT.

15.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 7(10): 1580-1590, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399419

RESUMO

PD-1 (CD279)-PD-L1 (CD274) inhibitory signaling is critical for cancer immune evasion, and thus has become one of the major targets in anticancer immunotherapy. There are several studies that demonstrate the potent effects of posttranslational modifications of CD274 on immune inactivation and suppression, such as ubiquitination, phosphorylation, glycosylation, and palmitoylation. However, the regulatory mechanisms for CD274 deubiquitination are still largely unclear. Here, we identified ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22) as a novel deubiquitinase of CD274. USP22 directly interacted with the C terminus of CD274, inducing its deubiquitination and stabilization. Across multiple cancer types, USP22 was highly expressed and frequently altered in liver cancer, closely correlating with poor prognosis of these patients. Genetic depletion of USP22 inhibited liver cancer growth in an immune system-dependent manner, increased tumor immunogenicity and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and improved therapeutic efficacy of CD274-targeted immunotherapy and CDDP-based chemotherapy in mice. We demonstrate that targeting USP22 is a promising strategy to potentiate anticancer immunity for CD274-amplified cancer.

16.
Psychon Bull Rev ; 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270765

RESUMO

There are inconsistent reports regarding behavioral sex differences in the human navigation literature. This meta-analysis quantifies the overall magnitude of sex differences in large-scale navigation skills in a variety of paradigms and populations, and examines potential moderators, using 694 effect sizes from 266 studies and a multilevel analytic approach. Overall, male participants outperform female participants, with a small to medium effect size (d = 0.34 to 0.38). The type of task, the type of dependent variable and the testing environment significantly contribute to variability in effect sizes, although there are only a few situations in which differences are either nonexistent or very large. Pointing and recall tasks (and the deviation scores associated with them) show larger sex differences than distance estimation tasks or learning to criterion. Studies with children younger than 13 years showed much smaller effect sizes (d = .15) than older age groups. We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding sex differences in human spatial navigation and identify avenues for future navigation research.

17.
Small ; 15(35): e1902433, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304682

RESUMO

The measurement of ultralow concentrations of heavy metal ions (HMIs) in blood is challenging. A new strategy for the determination of mercury ions (Hg2+ ) based on an oriented ZnO nanobelt (ZnO-NB) film solution-gated field-effect transistor (FET) chip is adopted. The FET chips are fabricated with ZnO-NB film channels with different orientations utilizing the Langmuir-Blodgett (L-B) assembly technique. The combined simulation and I-V behavior results show that the nanodevice with ZnO-NBs parallel to the channel has exceptional performance. The sensing capability of the oriented ZnO-NB film FET chips corresponds to an ultralow minimum detectable level (MDL) of 100 × 10-12 m in deionized water due to the change in the electrical double layer (EDL) arising from the synergism of the field-induced effect and the specific binding of Hg2+ to the thiol groups (-SH) on the film surface. Moreover, the prepared FET chips present excellent selectivity toward Hg2+ , excellent repeatability, and a rapid response time (less than 1 s) for various Hg2+ concentrations. The sensing performance corresponds to a low MDL of 10 × 10-9 m in real samples of a drop of blood.

18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(34): 13497-13505, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322870

RESUMO

We report an operando examination of a model nanocrystalline In2O3 catalyst for methanol synthesis via CO2 hydrogenation (300 °C, 20 bar) by combining X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Three distinct catalytic regimes are identified during CO2 hydrogenation: activation, stable performance, and deactivation. The structural evolution of In2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) with time on stream (TOS) followed by XANES-EXAFS-XRD associates the activation stage with a minor decrease of the In-O coordination number and a partial reduction of In2O3 due to the formation of oxygen vacancy sites (i.e., In2O3-x). As the reaction proceeds, a reductive amorphization of In2O3 NPs takes place, characterized by decreasing In-O and In-In coordination numbers and intensities of the In2O3 Bragg peaks. A multivariate analysis of the XANES data confirms the formation of In2O3-x and, with TOS, metallic In. Notably, the appearance of molten In0 coincides with the onset of catalyst deactivation. This phase transition is also visualized by in situ TEM, acquired under reactive conditions at 800 mbar pressure. In situ TEM revealed an electron beam assisted transformation of In2O3 nanoparticles into a dynamic structure in which crystalline and amorphous phases coexist and continuously interconvert. The regeneration of the deactivated In0/In2O3-x catalyst by reoxidation was critically assessed revealing that the spent catalyst can be reoxidized only partially in a CO2 atmosphere or air yielding an average crystallite size of the resultant In2O3 that is approximately an order of magnitude larger than the initial one.

19.
Cell Cycle ; 18(16): 1965-1975, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282278

RESUMO

Up to accomplishment of this study, the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in breast cancer has been investigated in several researches. Nevertheless, its association with the chemosensitivity of cancer was little known. Therefore, this study is focused on lncRNA GAS5 and its influence in the chemosensitivity of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Expression of GAS5 in TNBC tissues and cells was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and its methylation was evaluated using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP). Moreover, in order to define the contributory role of GAS5 in TNBC, GAS5 expression, proliferation, and apoptosis of TNBC cells were detected by a series of experiment. Finally, the effects of GAS5 in vivo were investigated by measuring tumor formation in nude mice. GAS5 was poorly expressed in TNBC tissues and cells, which could regulate the progression of TNBC. The methylation of CpG island in the promoter region of GAS5 in MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells was decreased, while GAS5 expression in cells was increased. Overexpressed GAS5 reduced the inhibitory concentration (IC50) value and the cell proliferation of TNBC, and promoted their apoptosis, so as to delay the progression of TNBC. Our study provides evidence that up-regulated GAS5 suppressed the progression of TNBC and promoted chemosensitivity and apoptosis of TNBC cells. Thus, GAS5 may be a potential candidate for the treatment of TNBC.

20.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(7)2019 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340544

RESUMO

Agave species are important crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plants and widely cultivated in tropical areas for producing tequila spirit and fiber. The hybrid H11648 of Agave ((A. amaniensis × A. angustifolia) × A. amaniensis) is the main cultivar for fiber production in Brazil, China, and African countries. Small Auxin Up-regulated RNA (SAUR) genes have broad effect on auxin signaling-regulated plant growth and development, while only few SAUR genes have been reported in Agave species. In this study, we identified 43, 60, 24, and 21 SAUR genes with full-length coding regions in A. deserti, A. tequilana, A. H11648, and A. americana, respectively. Although phylogenetic analysis revealed that rice contained a species-specific expansion pattern of SAUR gene, no similar phenomena were observed in Agave species. The in silico expression indicated that SAUR genes had a distinct expression pattern in A. H11648 compared with other Agave species; and four SAUR genes were differentially expressed during CAM diel cycle in A. americana. Additionally, an expression analysis was conducted to estimate SAUR gene expression during different leaf developmental stages, abiotic and biotic stresses in A. H11648. Together, we first characterized the SAUR genes of Agave based on previously published transcriptome datasets and emphasized the potential functions of SAUR genes in Agave's leaf development and stress responses. The identification of which further expands our understanding on auxin signaling-regulated plant growth and development in Agave species.

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