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1.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4469-4482, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795494

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the impact of hyperglycemia on the clinical outcome of COVID-19 in patients with newly diagnosed diabetes (NDD). Patients and Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 3114 cases of COVID-19 without pre-existing diabetes, 351 of which had NDD, in Hubei Province, China. The Cox regression model was used to calculate the risk of adverse clinical outcomes comparing the NDD vs non-NDD group before and after propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis. Patients with NDD were further divided into a sustained hyperglycemia group, a fluctuating group, and a remitted group based on their blood glucose levels during hospitalization as well as into hypoglycemic agent users and nonusers. Results: Compared to the non-NDD individuals, individuals with NDD had a significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality (adjusted HR after PSM, 2.65; 95% CI, 1.49-4.72; P = 0.001) and secondary outcomes involving organ damage during the 28-day follow-up period. Subgroup analyses indicated that among individuals with NDD, the individuals with remitted hyperglycemia had the lowest 28-day mortality, whereas those with sustained hyperglycemia had the highest (IRR 24.27; 95% CI, 3.21-183.36; P < 0.001). Moreover, individuals treated with hypoglycemic agents had significantly lower all-cause mortality than those not treated with hypoglycemic agents (IRR 0.08; 95% CI, 0.01-0.56; P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study reinforces the clinical message that NDD is strongly associated with poor outcomes in COVID-19 patients. Furthermore, resolved hyperglycemia in the later phase of the disease and the use of hypoglycemic agents were associated with improved prognosis in patients with NDD.

2.
Water Res ; 206: 117756, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678697

RESUMO

Struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) recovered from livestock wastewater may impose a pharmacological threat to the environment, due to the extensive existence of antibiotics in the wastewater. In this study, tetracyclines (TCs) were selected as the typical antibiotics, and the individual processes of dissolved organic matters (DOM) evolution and their effects on TCs migration in struvite recovery from swine wastewater were discriminated and quantified. Results revealed that TCs transport was contributed by the adsorption of pure struvite crystals, struvite adsorbing DOM-TCs complex and DOM aggregation, which occupied 2.29-6.53%, 23.53-34.66%, and 59.09-74.19% of the total TCs migration amounts, respectively. A tangential flow filtration system was employed to divide DOM into five fractional parts on the basis of molecular weight cut-offs. Experimental results indicated that under alkaline conditions of struvite crystallization, DOMs with larger molecular weights, hydrolyzed to DOMs with smaller molecular weights, which consequently promoted TCs re-distribution in DOMs from higher molecular weights to those with lower molecular weights. Furthermore, a distribution model was developed to characterize TCs transport in struvite recovery by describing TCs distribution among various phases, including struvite adsorption, DOM-TCs complexing, DOM aggregation, and free state in the solution, respectively. These outcomes provided new understanding on DOM evolution and effects on antibiotics transport in phosphate recovery from wastewater.


Assuntos
Tetraciclinas , Águas Residuárias , Animais , Antibacterianos , Fósforo , Estruvita , Suínos , Tetraciclinas/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias/análise
3.
Cell Metab ; 33(10): 1943-1956.e2, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478633

RESUMO

Metabolic dysfunction is becoming a predominant risk for the development of many comorbidities. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) still imposes the highest disease burden among all cardiovascular diseases worldwide. However, the contributions of metabolic risk factors to IHD over time have not been fully characterized. Here, we analyzed the global disease burden of IHD and 15 associated general risk factors from 1990 to 2019 by applying the methodology framework of the Global Burden of Disease Study. We found that the global death cases due to IHD increased steadily during that time frame, while the mortality rate gradually declined. Notably, metabolic risk factors have become the leading driver of IHD, which also largely contributed to the majority of IHD-related deaths shifting from developed countries to developing countries. These findings suggest an urgent need to implement effective measures to control metabolic risk factors to prevent further increases in IHD-related deaths.

4.
Food Chem ; 363: 130277, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303061

RESUMO

Chestnut skin is rich in polyphenols that have been linked to health for their antioxidant activity. However, chestnut outer-skin extract (COE), chestnut inner-skin extract (CIE), and their digested products have different compositions of polyphenols, and therefore their antioxidant activities might differ as well. Here, we study the effect of in vitro digestion on their total phenol content, antioxidant capacity, and individual phenolic profile to clarify the relationship between biotransformation and antioxidant activity. Compared to undigested samples, total phenol content and antioxidant activity of digested chestnut outer-skin extract (DCOE) and digested chestnut inner-skin extract (DCIE) had significantly higher values. The changes of phenolic composition and antioxidant activity after digestion were mainly due to the anthocyanin biosynthesis involving glycosylation, acylation, methoxylation and their reverse processes. All these data suggest that as chestnut processing by-products, COE and CIE are raw material sources of antioxidant-rich active substances and need more sufficient utilization.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Polifenóis , Biotransformação , Digestão , Metabolômica
5.
Med (N Y) ; 2(4): 435-447.e4, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33521746

RESUMO

Background: To develop a sensitive risk score predicting the risk of mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using complete blood count (CBC). Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study from a total of 13,138 inpatients with COVID-19 in Hubei, China, and Milan, Italy. Among them, 9,810 patients with ≥2 CBC records from Hubei were assigned to the training cohort. CBC parameters were analyzed as potential predictors for all-cause mortality and were selected by the generalized linear mixed model (GLMM). Findings: Five risk factors were derived to construct a composite score (PAWNN score) using the Cox regression model, including platelet counts, age, white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio. The PAWNN score showed good accuracy for predicting mortality in 10-fold cross-validation (AUROCs 0.92-0.93) and subsets with different quartile intervals of follow-up and preexisting diseases. The performance of the score was further validated in 2,949 patients with only 1 CBC record from the Hubei cohort (AUROC 0.97) and 227 patients from the Italian cohort (AUROC 0.80). The latent Markov model (LMM) demonstrated that the PAWNN score has good prediction power for transition probabilities between different latent conditions. Conclusions: The PAWNN score is a simple and accurate risk assessment tool that can predict the mortality for COVID-19 patients during their entire hospitalization. This tool can assist clinicians in prioritizing medical treatment of COVID-19 patients. Funding: This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFF0101504, 2016YFF0101505, 2020YFC2004702, 2020YFC0845500), the Key R&D Program of Guangdong Province (2020B1111330003), and the medical flight plan of Wuhan University (TFJH2018006).

6.
J Health Psychol ; 26(7): 1096-1108, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009442

RESUMO

This study was a randomised controlled study on the effects of the individual computer magnanimous therapy and group computer magnanimous therapy on emotional, psychosomatic and immune function among advanced lung cancer patients. Patients were examined at baseline and 2 weeks later using the Psychosomatic Status Scale for Cancer Patients, Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale and IgA, IgG, IgM and natural killer cell functions. The results showed that individual computer magnanimous therapy and group computer magnanimous therapy were beneficial for advanced lung cancer patients in improving depression, anxiety, psychosomatic status and immune functions. The improvements of immune functions may be related to the improvements of the participants' emotional and psychosocial status.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Ansiedade , Depressão , Humanos , Imunidade , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos , Psicoterapia
7.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 114: 103839, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898577

RESUMO

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) can cause a highly contagious disease in young chickens, resulting in bursal necrosis that causes severe damage to the immune system. The effects of various IBDV strains on the bursa of Fabricius (BF) have been extensively studied; however, few studies have investigated the effects of IBDV strain LJ-5, a newly discovered very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV), infection on young chicken BF. In this study, three-week-old specific pathogen-free (SPF) chickens were infected with vvIBDV for one to five days. LJ-5 decreased the bursa index, B lymphocyte viability and immunoglobulin (Ig) levels, including IgM and IgA in the bursa and IgY in the sera. Histopathological analysis revealed necrosis and depletion of the lymphoid cells and complete loss of bursal architecture in the BF, and transmission electron microscopy revealed mitochondrial vacuoles, cristae breaks, and nuclear damage in vvIBDV-infected bursa tissue. The number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling-positive nuclei significantly increased following IBDV infection. Cytokine levels increased in the bursa after IBDV infection, promoting inflammation and causing an inflammatory imbalance. Apoptotic gene expression confirmed that vvIBDV infection promotes the apoptosis of bursal cells. These results suggest that vvIBDV infection attenuate immune responses by reducing B lymphocyte activity of secretion Ig in the bursa or sera and triggers inflammation, apoptosis, and an imbalance of inflammatory cytokines in the BF, resulting in immune injury in SPF chickens, which offered basic data for further study of vvIBDV pathogenesis.

8.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 724, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes acute, highly contagious, immunosuppressive, and lethal infectious disease in young chickens and mainly infects the bursa of Fabricius (BF). To investigate interactions between IBDV and its host, RNA sequencing was applied to analyze the responses of the differentially expressed transcriptional profiles of BF infected by very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV). RESULTS: In total, 317 upregulated and 94 downregulated mRNAs were found to be significantly differentially expressed in infected chickens, compared to controls. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) alterations were identified in IBDV-infected chickens, and significantly different expression was observed in 272 lncRNAs and 143 circRNAs. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed to assess the functions of significantly dysregulated genes, which showed that the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, and apoptosis may be activated by IBDV infection. We predicted interactions between differentially expressed genes and produced lncRNA-mRNA and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulator network. CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified the expression profiles of mRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs during vvIBDV infection and provides new insights into the pathogenesis of IBDV and antiviral immunity of the host.


Assuntos
Infecções por Birnaviridae , Bolsa de Fabricius , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Infecções por Birnaviridae/genética , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Bolsa de Fabricius/metabolismo , Bolsa de Fabricius/virologia , Galinhas/genética , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , RNA Circular , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
9.
Cytokine ; 136: 155269, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919254

RESUMO

Lactobacillus species are typical members of gut microflora that immunomodulatory effects and can regulate a variety of immune cells, such as dendritic cells (DCs). Notably, DCs possess the unique ability to initiate primary immune responses. Notably, DCs possess the unique ability to initiate primary immune responses. In this study, we investigated the effects of Lactobacillus johnsonii (L. johnsonii) on the maturation and activation of chicken bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (chBM-DCs). The chBM-DCs generated from chicken bone marrow monocytes were stimulated using lethally irradiated L. johnsonii. L. johnsonii-stimulated chBM-DCs upregulated the expression of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II), CD40, and CD86, decreased phagocytosis, and increased the ability to induce the proliferation of allogeneic T cells, which displayed a mature phenotype and function. Upon maturation with L. johnsonii, the expression of Th1-type cytokines [interleukin (IL)-12, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)], a Th2-type cytokine (IL-10), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß and IL-6), and chemokines (CXCLi1 and CXCLi2) greatly increased; however, a high expression of IL-10 was only observed at mid-late time points for chBM-DCs stimulated with high doses of L. johnsonii. Moreover, L. johnsonii upregulated the mRNA levels of TLR2 and TLR5. These results reveal that L. johnsonii plays a potentially important role in modulating the immunological functions of chBM-DCs, suggesting that it influences and mediates immune responses in vitro.

10.
Cell Metab ; 32(4): 537-547.e3, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861268

RESUMO

The safety and efficacy of anti-diabetic drugs are critical for maximizing the beneficial impacts of well-controlled blood glucose on the prognosis of individuals with COVID-19 and pre-existing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Metformin is the most commonly prescribed first-line medication for T2D, but its impact on the outcomes of individuals with COVID-19 and T2D remains to be clarified. Our current retrospective study in a cohort of 1,213 hospitalized individuals with COVID-19 and pre-existing T2D indicated that metformin use was significantly associated with a higher incidence of acidosis, particularly in cases with severe COVID-19, but not with 28-day COVID-19-related mortality. Furthermore, metformin use was significantly associated with reduced heart failure and inflammation. Our findings provide clinical evidence in support of continuing metformin treatment in individuals with COVID-19 and pre-existing T2D, but acidosis and kidney function should be carefully monitored in individuals with severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
Acidose/induzido quimicamente , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Metformina/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Acidose Láctica/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Circ Res ; 126(12): 1671-1681, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302265

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Use of ACEIs (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) and ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers) is a major concern for clinicians treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between in-hospital use of ACEI/ARB and all-cause mortality in patients with hypertension and hospitalized due to COVID-19. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective, multi-center study included 1128 adult patients with hypertension diagnosed with COVID-19, including 188 taking ACEI/ARB (ACEI/ARB group; median age 64 [interquartile range, 55-68] years; 53.2% men) and 940 without using ACEI/ARB (non-ACEI/ARB group; median age 64 [interquartile range 57-69]; 53.5% men), who were admitted to 9 hospitals in Hubei Province, China from December 31, 2019 to February 20, 2020. In mixed-effect Cox model treating site as a random effect, after adjusting for age, gender, comorbidities, and in-hospital medications, the detected risk for all-cause mortality was lower in the ACEI/ARB group versus the non-ACEI/ARB group (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.42 [95% CI, 0.19-0.92]; P=0.03). In a propensity score-matched analysis followed by adjusting imbalanced variables in mixed-effect Cox model, the results consistently demonstrated lower risk of COVID-19 mortality in patients who received ACEI/ARB versus those who did not receive ACEI/ARB (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.37 [95% CI, 0.15-0.89]; P=0.03). Further subgroup propensity score-matched analysis indicated that, compared with use of other antihypertensive drugs, ACEI/ARB was also associated with decreased mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.30 [95% CI, 0.12-0.70]; P=0.01) in patients with COVID-19 and coexisting hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and coexisting hypertension, inpatient use of ACEI/ARB was associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality compared with ACEI/ARB nonusers. While study interpretation needs to consider the potential for residual confounders, it is unlikely that in-hospital use of ACEI/ARB was associated with an increased mortality risk.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações
12.
J Food Biochem ; 44(5): e13186, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163603

RESUMO

Black soldier fly larvae protein (BLP) was hydrolyzed using alcalase, neutrase, trypsin, and papain. The BLP hydrolysates (BLPHs) were fractionated by ultrafiltration into three peptide fractions of molecular weight (<3 kDa, 3-10 kDa and >10 kDa). Their antioxidant activities in vitro and the amino acid composition were determined. Results showed that the alcalase was more efficient in hydrolyzing the BLP into oligopeptides. BLPHs-I presented the best scavenging activity to superoxide radicals, hydroxyl radicals, DPPH, and ABTS radicals. The best scavenging activities were found in BLPHs-I containing high levels of aromatic and hydrophobic amino acids. Seventeen novel sequences with typical features of well-known antioxidant proteins were identified by LC-MS/MS. Results demonstrated that BLPHs-I possesses a great capacity as antioxidant peptides applied in functional foods. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Black soldier fly larvae protein (BLP) can also be hydrolyzed to produce antioxidant peptides and their sequences were identified. It can be used in pharmaceutical products and functional foods.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Dípteros , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Larva , Peptídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Virulence ; 11(1): 68-79, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865850

RESUMO

The functions and profiles of lncRNAs during infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection have not been determined, yet. The objectives of this study were to determine the antiviral action of loc107051710 lncRNA during IBDV infection by investigating the relationship between loc107051710 and IRF8, Type I IFN, STATs, and ISGs. DF-1 cells were either left untreated as non-infected controls (n = 1) or infected with IBDV (n = 3). RNA sequencing was applied for analysis of mRNAs and lncRNAs expression. Differentially expressed genes were verified by RT-qPCR. Then identification, of 230 significantly different expressed genes (182 mRNAs and 48 lncRNA) by pairwise comparison of the infected and control groups, was carried out. The functions of differentially expressed lncRNAs were investigated by selection of lncRNAs and mRNAs significantly enriched in the aforementioned biological processes and signaling pathways for construction of lncRNA-mRNA co-expression networks. The techniques of gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways were applied. It was suggested that these differentially expressed genes were involved in the interaction between the host and IBDV. Loc107051710 was found to have potential antiviral effects. RT-qPCR and western blot were applied and revealed that loc107051710 was required for induction of IRF8, type I IFN, STAT, and ISG expression, and its knockdown promoted IBDV replication. By fluorescence in situ hybridization, it was found that loc107051710 was translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm after infection with IBDV. Overall, loc107051710 promoted the production of IFN-α and IFN-ß by regulating IRF8, thereby promoting the antiviral activity of ISGs.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferons/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Antivirais/metabolismo , Fenômenos Biológicos , Infecções por Birnaviridae , Linhagem Celular , Galinhas , Fibroblastos , Expressão Gênica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/metabolismo , Interferon beta , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , RNA Longo não Codificante/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Replicação Viral
14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(35): 19226-19233, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441492

RESUMO

As one of the main air pollutants, nitrogen oxides (NOx) have serious effects on human health and the environment. In our previous study, we found that Mn-MOF-74 shows excellent catalytic performance for the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) reaction with NH3 being the reductant (NH3-SCR) at low temperature. To obtain a further understanding of the NH3-SCR mechanism in Mn-MOF-74, in this paper, we investigated two important parts of the NH3-SCR process in Mn-MOF-74 using the density functional theory (DFT) method. On the one hand, the structural characteristics of two types of oxygen vacancies of Mn-MOF-74, namely carboxyl oxygen vacancies and hydroxyl oxygen vacancies, and their adsorption properties to reaction species were calculated. It was found that the oxygen vacancies not only activate the reaction species, but also promote the desorption of NO2 molecules from metal sites for the subsequent rapid SCR reactions. On the other hand, we studied the effect of H2O on the structural stability and catalytic performance of Mn-MOF-74. It was found that the interaction of Mn-O bonds was weakened by H2O. Therefore, the influence of H2O should be considered for the future design of MOF-based catalysts for the SCR process.


Assuntos
Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Oxigênio/química , Água/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/isolamento & purificação , Catálise , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/química , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/isolamento & purificação , Substâncias Redutoras/química
15.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1853, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447851

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DCs), as antigen-presenting cells, can initiate adaptive immune responses efficiently. Although the DC-targeting strategy has attracted more attention, relevant studies on chicken are rare. Here, specific chicken bone marrow DC-binding peptides were selected using a phage display peptide library and confirmed through ELISA, flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, and laser confocal microscopy. The peptide candidate SPHLHTSSPWER, named SP, was fused to the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) structural protein and protective antigen VP2. In vitro, the expression of DC markers (CD80, CD83, CD86, DEC205, and MHCII) and some cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-12, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and CXCLi1) by VP2-SP-stimulated DCs was significantly higher than that by DCs treated with the VP2-control peptide at 4 h (p < 0.001). In addition, an oral vaccine targeting DCs was generated using chicken-borne Lactobacillus saerimneri M11 (L. sae M11) to deliver VP2 fused with SP. Anti-IBDV mucosal and humoral immune responses were induced efficiently via oral administration, resulting in higher protective efficacy in the VP2-SP group than the VP2 group. Therefore, chicken DC targeting of IBDV protective antigen VP2 delivered by L. sae provides effective immune protection in chicken. Our study may promote research on the DC-targeting strategy to enhance the effectiveness of chicken vaccines.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/imunologia , Biblioteca de Peptídeos , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Bacteriófagos/metabolismo , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/imunologia
16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 222: 117171, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174148

RESUMO

A novel probe based on rhodamine 101 spirolactam and 2-(2'-hydroxy-5'-methylphenyl)benzothiazole moieties (probe 1) was developed as a three-in-one platform for detection of paramagnetic Cu2+, Co2+ and Ni2+ through different processes. Ratiometric changes in emission intensities at 565 nm and 460 nm for 1 (λex = 350 nm) were observed in presence of Co2+, Cu2+ and Ni2+ respectively. This probe displayed ratiometric colorimetric responses and 'turn-on' fluorescence responses (λex = 540 nm) toward Cu2+ and Co2+. Whereas probe 1 exhibited very weak absorption around 480 nm, no 'turn-on' emission (λex = 540 nm) in presence of Ni2+. The detection limits were 0.11 µM and 0.17 µM for Cu2+ and Co2+ ions respectively from ratiometric colorimetric measurements and 26 nM, 54 nM and 101 nM for Cu2+, Co2+ and Ni2+ respectively from ratiometric fluorometric measurements. The excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT)-prohibited coupled ring-open process for 1-Cu2+ (1-Co2+) and ESIPT-prohibited irreversible process for 1-Ni2+ were proposed according to the spectral results. Furthermore, probe 1 was utilized to determine Cu2+ and Co2+ in real-life samples with good recoveries.

17.
J Med Microbiol ; 67(3): 441-451, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458539

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Avian colibacillosis is responsible for economic losses to poultry producers worldwide. To combat this, we aimed to develop an effective oral vaccine for chicken against O78 avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) infection through a Lactobacillus delivery system. METHODOLOGY: Eight Lactobacillus strains isolated from the intestines of broiler chickens were evaluated based on their in vitro adherence ability to assess their potential as a delivery vector. Fimbrial subunit A (FimA) and outer-membrane protein C (OmpC) of APEC with and without fusion to dendritic cell-targeting peptide (DCpep) and microfold cell-targeting peptide (Co1) were displayed on the surface of Lactobacillus saerimneri M-11 and yielded vaccine groups (pPG-ompC-fimA/M-11 and pPG-ompC-fimA-Co1-DCpep/M-11, respectively). The colonization of the recombinant strains in vivo was assessed and the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of orally administered recombinant strains in chickens were evaluated. RESULTS: The colonization of the recombinant strains in vivo revealed no significant differences between the recombinant and wild-type strains. Chickens orally administered with vaccine groups showed significantly higher levels of OmpC/FimA-specific IgG in serum and mucosal IgA in cecum lavage, nasal lavage and stool compared to the pPG/M-11 group. After challenge with APEC CVCC1553, better protective efficacy was observed in chickens orally immunized with pPG-ompC-fimA/M-11 and pPG-ompC-fimA-Co1-DCpep/M-11, but no significant differences were observed between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Recombinant chicken-borne L. saerimneri M-11 showed good immunogenicity in chickens, suggesting that it may be a promising vaccine candidate against APEC infections. However, the activity of mammalian DCpep and Co1 was not significant in chickens.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli/veterinária , Vacinas contra Escherichia coli/imunologia , Proteínas de Fímbrias/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Lactobacillus/genética , Porinas/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/imunologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Antígenos de Bactérias/genética , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Ceco/imunologia , Galinhas , Escherichia coli/imunologia , Escherichia coli/patogenicidade , Infecções por Escherichia coli/imunologia , Infecções por Escherichia coli/prevenção & controle , Proteínas de Fímbrias/genética , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Intestinos/microbiologia , Lactobacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lactobacillus/imunologia , Lactobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Porinas/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle
18.
Microb Cell Fact ; 17(1): 20, 2018 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29426335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine epidemic diarrhea caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) has led to serious economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. In this study, an oral recombinant Lactobacillus casei vaccine against PEDV infection targeting the intestinal microfold (M) cells and dendritic cells (DCs) for delivering the core neutralizing epitope (COE) of PEDV spike protein was developed with M cell-targeting peptide (Col) and dendritic cell-targeting peptide (DCpep). The immunogenicity of the orally administered recombinant strains was evaluated. RESULTS: After immunization, significantly higher levels of anti-PEDV specific IgG antibodies with PEDV neutralizing activity in the sera and mucosal sIgA antibodies in the tractus genitalis, intestinal mucus, and stools were detected in mice orally administered with the recombinant strain pPG-COE-Col-DCpep/L393, which expressed DCpep and Col targeting ligands fused with the PEDV COE antigen, compared to mice orally immunized with the recombinant strain pPG-COE/L393 without the DCpep and Col targeting ligands. Moreover, in response to restimulation with the PEDV COE antigen in vitro, a significant difference in splenocyte proliferation response and Th2-associated cytokine IL-4 level was observed in the group of mice orally immunized with pPG-COE-Col-DCpep/L393 (p < 0.05) compared to the groups of mice that received pPG-COE-Col/L393 and pPG-COE-DCpep/L393, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The intestinal M cells- and DCs-targeting oral delivery of genetically engineered Lactobacillus expressing the COE antigen of PEDV can efficiently induce anti-PEDV mucosal, humoral, and cellular immune responses via oral administration, suggesting a promising vaccine strategy against PEDV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Intestinos/imunologia , Lactobacillus/genética , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Epitopos/química , Epitopos/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Intestinos/citologia , Lactobacillus/imunologia , Camundongos , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/química , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/administração & dosagem , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Suínos , Vacinas Sintéticas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Sintéticas/genética , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/genética
19.
Viruses ; 9(11)2017 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29068402

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), an enteric coronavirus, is the causative agent of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) that damages intestinal epithelial cells and results in severe diarrhea and dehydration in neonatal suckling pigs with up to 100% mortality. The oral vaccine route is reported as a promising approach for inducing protective immunity against PEDV invasion. Furthermore, dendritic cells (DCs), professional antigen-presenting cells, link humoral and cellular immune responses for homeostasis of the intestinal immune environment. In this study, in order to explore an efficient oral vaccine against PEDV infection, a mucosal DC-targeting oral vaccine was developed using Lactobacillus casei to deliver the DC-targeting peptide (DCpep) fused with the PEDV core neutralizing epitope (COE) antigen. This probiotic vaccine could efficiently elicit secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA)-based mucosal and immunoglobulin G (IgG)-based humoral immune responses via oral vaccination in vivo. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in the immune response levels were observed between probiotics expressing the COE-DCpep fusion protein and COE antigen alone, suggesting better immune efficiency of the probiotics vaccine expressing the DC-targeting peptide fused with PEDV COE antigen. This mucosal DC-targeting oral vaccine delivery effectively enhances vaccine antigen delivery efficiency, providing a useful strategy to induce efficient immune responses against PEDV infection.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/imunologia , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/administração & dosagem , Antígenos Virais/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Citocinas/sangue , Epitopos/imunologia , Feminino , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Imunoglobulina A Secretora/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/imunologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/imunologia , Doenças dos Suínos/prevenção & controle , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Vacinação , Vacinas Virais/genética , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
20.
PLoS One ; 12(2): e0170173, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28207756

RESUMO

The objectives of this study were: (1) To investigate the effects of conditioning temperature (70, 80, 90°C), time (30, 60 sec), and interaction (temperature × time) during the pelleting process on internal protein molecular structure changes of the co-products; (2) To identify differences in protein molecular structures among pellets that were processed under different conditions, and between unprocessed mash and pellets; 3) To quantify protein molecular structure changes in relation to predicted energy and protein utilization in dairy cows. The final goal of this program was to show how processing conditions changed internal feed structure on a molecular basis and how molecular structure changes induced by feed processing affected feed milk value in dairy cows. The hypothesis in this study was that processing-induced protein inherent structure changes affected energy and protein availability in dairy cattle and the sensitivity and response of protein internal structure to the different pelleting process conditions could be detected by advanced molecular spectroscopy. The protein molecular structures, amides I and II, amide I to II ratios, α-helix structure, ß-sheet structure, and α to ß structure ratios, were determined using the advanced vibrational molecular spectroscopy (ATR-FT/IR). The energy values were determined using NRC2001 summary approach in terms of total digestible nutrients, metabolizable and net energy for lactation. The protein and carbohydrate subfactions that are related to rumen degradation characteristics and rumen undegraded protein supply were determined using updated CNCPS system. The experiment design was a RCBD and the treatment design was a 3x2 factorial design. The results showed that pelleting induced changes in protein molecular structure. The sensitivity and response of protein inherent structure to the pelleting depended on the conditioning temperature and time. The protein molecular structure changes were correlated (P < 0.05) with energy values and protein subfractions of the pelleted co-product. The results indicated that the protein internal molecular structure had significant roles in determining energy and protein nutritive values in dairy cows. Multi-regression study with model variables selection showed that the energy and protein profiles in pelleted co-products could be predicted with the protein molecular structure profiles. This approach provides us a relatively new way to estimate protein value in dairy cows based on internal protein molecular structure profile.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/química , Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Refeições , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Ruminantes/metabolismo , Ração Animal , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Bovinos , Proteínas na Dieta/química , Feminino , Valor Nutritivo , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Temperatura
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