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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243629, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285611

RESUMO

Abstract As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Resumo Como importante enzima, a xilanase é amplamente utilizada na indústria alimentícia, de celulose e têxtil. Diferentes aplicações de xilanase garantem condições específicas, incluindo temperatura e pH. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar grânulos de alginato de sódio como carreador para imobilizar xilanase mutada relatada anteriormente de Neocallimastix patriciarum que expressa em E. coli, a atividade de imobilização da xilanase mutada foi elevada em cerca de 4% em pH 6 e 13% a 62 °C. Além disso, a xilanase mutada imobilizada reteve uma proporção maior de sua atividade do que o tipo amplo em termoestabilidade. Essas propriedades sugerem que a imobilização da xilanase mutada tem potencial para aplicação na indústria de biobranqueamento.

2.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491546

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) frequently presents a favorable clinical outcome, while aggressive invasiveness can also be found in some of this population. Identifying the risk clinical factors of high-volume (> 5) central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) in PTMC patients could help oncologists make a better-individualized clinical decision. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical characteristics of adult patients with PTC in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between Jan 2010 and Dec 2015 and in one medical center affiliated to Chongqing Medical University between Jan 2018 and Oct 2020. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the risk factors for high volume of CLNM in PTMC patients. RESULTS: The male gender (OR = 2.02, 95% CI 1.46-2.81), larger tumor size (> 5 mm, OR = 1.64, 95% CI 1.13-2.38), multifocality (OR = 1.87, 95% CI 1.40-2.51), and extrathyroidal invasion (OR = 3.67; 95% CI 2.64-5.10) were independent risk factors in promoting high-volume of CLNM in PTMC patients. By contrast, elderly age (≥ 55 years) at diagnosis (OR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.40-0.81) and PTMC-follicular variate (OR = 0.60, 95% CI 0.42-0.87) were determined as the protective factors. Based on these indicators, a nomogram was further constructed with a good concordance index (C-index) of 0.702, supported by an external validating cohort with a promising C-index of 0.811. CONCLUSION: A nomogram was successfully established and validated with six clinical indicators. This model could help surgeons to make a better-individualized clinical decision on the management of PTMC patients, especially in terms of whether prophylactic central lymph node dissection and postoperative radiotherapy should be warranted.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488280

RESUMO

Emergency rescue workers are the high risk group of traumatic stress disorder. A large number of intervention studies on traumatic stress disorder have been carried out at home and abroad, but there are few applied researches on the emergency rescue population. As an occupational hazard faced by the emergency rescue population, traumatic stress disorder has not attracted enough attention. In this paper, the psychological intervention, drug intervention, psychological training and social support were reviewed.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Trabalho de Resgate , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521166

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the efficacy of a bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stent in improving surgical outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostium (FSO) following full endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in patients with whole group chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: Patients with whole group CRSwNP who had similar lesions on bilateral sinus between September 2019 and March 2020 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Changhai Hospital were chosen. Patients with CRSwNP who underwent extended ESS were randomly assigned to receive a steroid-eluting sinus stent in one FSO whereas the contralateral side received surgery alone. Endoscopic evaluations recorded at 30, 90 days postoperative were graded by an independent assessment panel to assess the need for interventions in the FSO. Semi-quantitative data with CT and endoscopic score were performed by rank sum test. The need for postoperative intervention and the patency rate of FSO were analyzed using the McNemar test. Results: Thirty-one patients with whole group CRSwNP met all eligible criteria, including 17 males and 14 females, with the age of (44.5±11.8) years(x¯±s). Stents were successfully placed in one FSO of all patients. At 30 days post-ESS, the assessment panel reported that steroid-eluting stents reduced the need for postoperative interventions by 41.0% (χ2=5.314,P=0.021), the need for oral steroid interventions by 40.0% (χ2=4.133,P=0.042) and the need for surgical interventions by 74.8% (χ2=4.292,P=0.038) compared to control sinuses with no stents. Clinical surgeons also reported greater diameter of FSO compared to control sinuses at 30 days post-ESS (74.2% vs 48.4%, χ2=4.351, P=0.037). These results at 90 days post-ESS were consistent with those at 30 days post-ESS. Conclusion: Bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stents in the FSO can reduce polyp formation, adhesion, and the need for postoperative interventions in FSO of CRSwNP patients and improve the early postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Seio Frontal , Pólipos Nasais , Seios Paranasais , Rinite , Implantes Absorvíveis , Adulto , China , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia , Feminino , Seio Frontal/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pólipos Nasais/complicações , Rinite/complicações , Stents , Esteroides , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 628-634, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547867

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of ixazomib/lenalidomide/dexamethasone (IRd) in Chinese patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: This study comprising 14 medical centers in China included patients with relapsed/refractory MM who received at least. Ixazomib at an initial oral dose of 4 mg was administered. Seven patients had dose adjustment to 3 mg at the time of first dose. The lenalidomide doses were adjusted according to creatinine clearance rate. The efficacy and safety were evaluated every cycle. Results: In the study cohort of 74 patients, the median age was 65 years and 11 (14.9% ) patients received over three lines of therapy. Overall response rate (ORR) was 54.1% (40/74) , and 7 (9.5% ) , 14 (18.9% ) , and 19 (25.7% ) patients achieved stringent complete response or complete response, very good partial response, and partial response, respectively. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 9.9 and 20 months, respectively. The median time to response was 1 month. The efficacy and survival outcome were similar to those reported in the Tourmaline-MM1 China Continuous Study. The ORR of patients refractory to bortezomib, lenalidomide, and bortezomib plus lenalidomide were 52.0% (13/25) , 57.1% (4/7) , and 33.3% (6/18) , respectively. The rate of grade 3-4 adverse events was 36.5% (27/74) . Common hematological toxicities were anemia, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, and neutropenia. Common non-hematological toxicities were fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, and infections. Two cases of grade 3 peripheral neuropathy were reported. The patients eligible for the Tourmaline-MM1 China Continuous Study had a higher ORR than the ineligible patients [77.8% (14/18) vs 46.4% (26/56) , P=0.020]. There was no difference in the rate of grade 3-4 adverse events [33.3% (6/18) vs 37.5% (21/56) , P=0.749]. Conclusion: The IRd regimen had good efficacy and acceptable toxicity in Chinese patients with relapsed/refractory MM.

6.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 685-689, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371540

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of anti-liver fibrosis treatment on the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. Methods: 1,049 cases with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Beijing Ditan Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from October 2008 to August 2016 were enrolled. Clinical data were collected, and COX regression analysis was used to find the independent influencing factors for the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. According to whether the patients had received anti-liver fibrosis treatment for ≥ 6 months, they were divided into combination and antiviral group. There were 388 cases in combination group and 661 cases in antiviral group. In addition, the combination group received anti-liver fibrosis therapy with Chinese patent medicine on the basis of antivirus, and the antiviral group received antiviral treatment. The incidence of liver cancer within three years were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of liver cancer in patients with different Child-Pugh grades and mPAGE-B risks was further analyzed. The independent samples t-test, Mann Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher's exact probability method were used for data comparison. Results: Anti-liver fibrosis treatment was an independent protective factor to prevent liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within 3 years (P < 0.05). The incidence of liver cancer in the combination group was lower than antiviral group within 3 years (10.3% vs. 15.4%, χ (2) = 5.480, P < 0.05). Child-Pugh stratified analysis showed that the risk of liver cancer was significantly reduced in Child-Pugh grade A patients (6.7% vs. 12.6%, χ (2) = 2.857, P = 0.040). Among high-risk patients with mPAGE-B, the incidence of liver cancer was significantly lower in combination group than control group (13.7% vs. 19.9%, χ (2) = 6.671, P = 0.031). Conclusion: Compared to antiviral therapy alone, combined anti-liver fibrosis and antiviral therapy can reduce the liver cancer occurrence risk in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis for 3 years. Patients with Child-Pugh grade A and high-risk group by mPAGE-B scores are the dominant population to receive treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(8): 704-710, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412188

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the anatomic characteristics of the right retroperitoneal fascia and its surgical implementation while performing complete mesocolic excision (CME) for right colon cancer. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out. (1) Clinicopathological data and surgical videos of 17 non-consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (extended right hemicolectomy) with CME for right colon cancer at Department of Colorectal Surgery of Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University between January 2020 and October 2020 were retrospectively collected. The construction of right retroperitoneal fascia was observed from caudal dorsal direction and caudal ventral direction. (2) Three postoperative specimens from 3 cases undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with CME for right colon cancer in June 2020 were prospectively included to observe anatomy and examine histology. (3) Five abdominal cadaver specimens from the Department of Anatomy of Fujian Medical University were enrolled, including 3 males and 2 females. Anatomical observation and histological studies were performed from the cranial approach and the caudal dorsal approach. Masson staining was used to examine the histology. Results: (1) Surgical video observation: The typical structure of right retroperitoneal fascia could be observed in all the 17 patients. The fascia was a rigid barrier between the posterior space of the ascending colon and the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon. The right retroperitoneal fascia should be sharply cut to communicate between the two spaces to avoid entering the right mesocolon by mistake. The severed ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia ran along the dorsal side of the right hemicolon to the lateral side, and the dorsal stump covered the level of the duodenum caudally, and continued to move downward, covering the surface of Gerota's fascia. (2) Observation of 3 surgical specimens: The dorsal side of the right mesocolon was smooth and intact, which could be anchored in the corresponding area of the lateral edge of the duodenum. The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia could be seen, which attached to the dorsal side of the right mesocolon semi-circularly. Masson staining observation: The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia ran cephalad, fused with the dorsal side of the right mesocolon tightly and curled. The caudal side of confluence and the dorsal side of the right mesocolon presented a bilobed structure. (3) Anatomy of 5 cadaveric specimens: The right retroperitoneal fascia was a thin fascia structure, which was a rigid barrier between the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon and the posterior space of the ascending colon. The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia (including the dorsal side of the right mesocolon), the dorsal stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia (including part of the duodenal wall) and the dorsal side of the right mesocolon were retrieved for histological examination. The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia fused with the dorsal side of the right mesocolon by the cephalic side, and the dorsal side of the right hemi-mesocolon on the fusion level by caudal side gradually separated into a double-layer loose fascial structure. The dorsal stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia covered the surface of the duodenum level, moved on from the ventral side to the surface of the prerenal fascia, and continued to the caudal side. Conclusions: The right retroperitoneal fascia is a rigid barrier between the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon and the posterior space of the ascending colon. The Toldt fascia formed by fusion with the dorsal lobe of the right colon travels to the edge of the descending and horizontal part of the duodenum and separates again. The right retroperitoneal fascia is attached to the edge of the duodenum, reversing and running on the surface of the prerenal fascia, while the dorsal lobe of the right colon runs in front of the pancreas and duodenum, and shifts to the pancreaticoduodenal fascia. During the operation, this fascia should be identified and cut to penetrate the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon and the posterior ascending colon space, which helps to ensure the integrity of the dorsal side of the right hemi-mesocolon.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal , Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Fáscia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(8): 781-787, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404165

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of scenario simulation teaching of junior nurses in a burns department on the fluid resuscitation care of massive burn patients during shock stage. Methods: From March 2018 to July 2019, 25 junior nurses fixed in the Department of Burn of Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine met the inclusion criteria and were recruited in this prospective before-after self-control study, including 21 females and 4 males, aged 23 to 26 years. They had a work experience of 1.0 (1.0, 2.0) years in the Department of Burn. Three teaching scenarios were made according to the three major problems in the fluid resuscitation nursing of extensive burn patients during shock stage. The teaching plans were written based on the theoretical framework of Jeffrie's nursing simulation teaching. The high feasibility and practicability of the teaching plans was verified through expert consultation and evaluation by junior nurses. According to the three scenarios in the teaching plan, the junior nurses were performed with scenario simulation teaching, with 2 hours for each scenario, 6 hours in total. In one month before and after the teaching (hereinafter referred to as before and after teaching), the comprehensive ability of junior nurses was evaluated by the teachers using the self-designed junior nurse comprehensive ability evaluation scale, and their behaviors were evaluated by themselves with Performance Self-rating Scale for Nursing Students on High Simulation Training. Data were statistically analyzed with paired sample t test. Results: After teaching, the scores on communication skills, patient admissions, condition assessments, fluid resuscitation, emergency treatment, drug management, nursing skills, instrument use, teamwork, and humanitarian care and total score in the comprehensive ability evaluation of junior nurses as evaluated by teachers were significantly higher than those before teaching (t=-8.060, -11.421, -17.232, -24.800, -4.670, -11.916, -12.131, -11.606, -14.632, -13.325, -25.068, P<0.01), with 4 items including fluid resuscitation, condition assessment, nursing skills, and equipment operation having higher scores. After teaching, the nurses' self-rating scores on communication, division of labor and cooperation, clinical decision-making, professional knowledge and skills, and professional development and critical thinking and total score were (4.6±0.4), (4.8±0.3), (4.6±0.3), (4.6±0.4), (4.6±0.4), and (23.2±1.5) points respectively, which were significantly higher than the corresponding scores of (4.1±0.7), (4.2±0.7), (3.9±0.5), (3.7±0.6), (3.9±0.5), and (18.8±2.6) points before teaching (t=-3.361, -5.721, -6.987, -7.923, -7.922, -7.367, P<0.01). Conclusions: With solving the practical problems in nursing works of fluid resuscitation care of massive burn patients during shock stage as entry point, scenario simulation teaching aims to train the clinical practice ability and adaptability of junior nurses, thereby improving junior nurses' comprehensive ability of clinical practice in the fluid resuscitation care of massive burn patients during shock stage, enhancing their self-confidence and critical thinking ability.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Autocontrole , Queimaduras/terapia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 692-696, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between recovery of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and preoperative prostate apex depth (PAD) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 184 patients with pathologic confirmed prostate carcinoma who underwent LRP in Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital. All the patients received MRI examination before surgery. Membranous urethral length (MUL) was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the level of the urethra at penile bulb on the coronal image. PAD was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the suprapubic ridge line on sagittal MRI. PAD ratio (PADR) was defined as PAD/pubic height. All the patients received extraperitoneal LRP. The patients' reporting freedom from using safety pad (0 pad/d) were defined as urinary continence. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to identify independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank test were used to compare time to continence recovery between the groups. RESULTS: For all the 184 patients, the average age was (69.0±7.7) years, the ave-rage mass index(BMI) was (25.07±3.29) kg/m2, and the pre-biopsy PSA was (16.80±21.99) g/L. For all the patients who underwent MRI preoperatively, the mean PV was (39.35±25.25) mL and the mean MUL was (14.0±3.7) mm. The mean PAD was (24.52±4.97) mm and the mean PADR was 0.70±0.14. The continence rate for all the patients after LRP was 62.0% and 96.2% in three months and one year. The patients achieving early continence recovery had significant smaller PV (P=0.049), longer MUL (P < 0.001) and higher PADR (P=0.005). Multivariate analysis revealed MUL (P < 0.001) and PADR (P=0.032) were predictors of continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Log-rank test revealed that MUL (≥14 mm vs. < 14 mm, P < 0.001) and PADR (≥0.70 vs. < 0.70, P < 0.001), PV(< 50 mL vs. ≥50 mL, P=0.001) were all significantly associated with continence recovery. CONCLUSION: MUL and PADR are independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. MUL, PADR and PV are significantly associated with recovery of urinary continence.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Incontinência Urinária , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/cirurgia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 728-733, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405605

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis, molecular genetic changes and prognosis of salivary gland-type clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the lung. Methods: Eight cases of salivary gland-type CCC of the lung diagnosed at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center and Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, China from March 2017 to December 2020 were retrieved and analyzed. The pathological sections of these cases were studied using immunohistochemical staining, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and RNA-seq fusion gene detection based on next generation sequencing technique. The patients were followed up and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The 8 patients included 3 males and 5 females, with age ranging from 43 to 64 years (average, 58 years). All patients underwent radical lobectomy and lymph node dissection, while only one had lymph node metastases. The eight patients were followed up for 6 to 45 months, and were all recurrence-free. Histopathologically, the tumor was mainly composed of eosinophilic and clear cells arranged in trabecular, ribbon and nest patterns. Hyalinization was often observed in the stroma around the nest. Immunohistochemical staining showed that 8/8 cases were positive for EMA and CK7; 5/8 cases were positive for p63 and p40; 4/8 cases were positive for SOX10; and the cases were all negative for S-100, SMA and calponin. EWSR1 gene fusion was detected in all cases by FISH. RNA-seq fusion gene was detected in 6 cases based on next generation sequencing. The EWSR1-ATF1 gene fusion was detected in 5 cases, among which one case also had the ATF1-SPTLC2 gene fusion. All 5 cases with EWSR1-ATF1 gene fusion showed that EWSR1 exon 12/13 fused with ATF1 exon 3. And EWSR1-CREM gene fusion was detected in one case. Conclusions: Salivary gland-type CCC of the lung is an extremely rare primary lung tumor arising from the bronchial mucosa. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of this tumor depend on classic histomorphology, especially the auxiliary detection of EWSR1 fusion gene. The primary treatment choice of this tumor is complete surgical resection. Lymph node metastases may occur, but the overall prognosis is good.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pulmão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biologia Molecular , Proteína EWS de Ligação a RNA/genética , Glândulas Salivares
11.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 773-778, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405613

RESUMO

Objective: To pathologically evaluate the surgically resected specimens of three different therapies (neoadjuvant chemotherapy, neoadjuvant targeted therapy and neoadjuvant immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy) for non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: One-hundred and thirteen cases of post neoadjuvant therapy non-small cell lung cancer specimens were collected at Tongji University Affiliated Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from January 2000 to March 2020. There were ninty patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (chemotherapy group;26 cases of adenocarcinoma and 64 cases of squamous cell carcinoma), 13 patients receiving neoadjuvant targeted therapy (targeted group;13 cases of adenocarcinoma) and 10 patients receiving neoadjuvant immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy (immune combined chemotherapy group;4 cases of adenocarcinoma and 6 cases of squamous cell carcinoma). They were evaluated for histologic tumor regression responses (necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, cholesterol crystal deposition, foam cell infiltration, reactive granuloma and interstitial collagenous formation) and pathological responses [main pathological response (MPR) and complete pathological response (PCR)]. Results: Chemotherapy group, targeted group and immune combined chemotherapy group all showed degenerative changes in residual tumor cells, increased atypia, various degrees of necrosis, foam cell aggregation, cholesterol cleft, inflammatory cell infiltration, and reactive granuloma in the tumor bed. Histologic characteristics of tumor regression reaction were not different between these three groups (P>0.05); the highest percentage of necrosis in the targeted group and immune combined chemotherapy group was only 10% and 20%, respectively, while that in the chemotherapy group was as high as 80%. One case of adenocarcinoma in immune combined chemotherapy group had tumor regression bed. The MPR rates of adenocarcinoma in chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinoma in chemotherapy group were 35% (9/26) and 64% (41/64), respectively; the MPR ratio of targeted group was 2/13; the MPR ratio of adenocarcinomain immune combined chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinoma in immune combined chemotherapy group were 2/4 and 2/6, respectively. The PCR rates of adenocarcinoma in chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinoma in chemotherapy group were 11% (3/26) and 3% (2/64), respectively; the PCR ratio of targeted group was 0/13; the PCR ratio of adenocarcinomain immune combined chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinomain immune combined chemotherapy group were 0/4 and 1/6, respectively. Conclusions: Different neoadjuvant therapy may cause various histopathological changes in non-small cell lung cancer: more necrosis is noted in the chemotherapy group and regression bed frequently appears in the immune combined chemotherapy group. In the immune combined chemotherapy group, there are significant lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and lymphoid follicle formation in the lung parenchyma beside the tumor bed.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , China , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
12.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(7): 557-562, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405637

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of the biological agent infliximab (IFX) in the treatment of pediatric Crohn's disease. Methods: A total of 86 children with Crohn's disease who had received IFX in three hospitals (Ruijin Hospital, Ruijin Hospital North and Shanghai Children's Hospital) in Shanghai from January 2007 to December 2017 were included in this retrospective study. The efficacy of IFX was assessed by comparing clinical and laboratory data before and after IFX treatment. Student t test, Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test were used to analyze the data of the two groups. Logistic reggression analysis were used to analyze the effects of variables such as age, clinical characteristics, disease behavior and combined medications on the efficacy and safety of IFX. Results: Among the 86 children with Crohn's disease in the study, 50 were males and 36 females. The IFX treatment was initiated at 12.0 (7.1, 13.6) years of age, and the follow-up period was 94.1 (47.8, 185.5) weeks. Efficacy analysis showed that in the induction remission phase, the clinical response rate was 97% (79/81) and the remission rate was 74% (60/81). In the maintenance remission phase, the clinical response rate was 75% (51/68) and the remission rate was 68% (46/68). After 34 weeks of treatment with IFX, pediatric Crohn's disease activity index (PCDAI) (5 (0, 10) vs. 36 (26, 45)), C-reactive protein (3 (1, 8) vs. 8 (3, 31) mg/L), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (10 (6, 10) vs. 35 (20, 50) mm/1 h), platelet ( (327±107)×109 vs. (438±159) ×109/L), albumin ((37±6) vs. (30±6) g/L), hemoglobin ((116±16) vs. (103±18) g/L), change of body weight (-0.5±1.2 vs. -1.0±0.9), anemia (29% (20/68) vs. 75% (51/68)), and perianal disease (13/21 vs. 0) were significantly improved (all P<0.05). By the end of 34 weeks of IFX treatment, 25% (17/68) of children experienced secondary loss of response to IFX. Logistic reggression analysis showed that PCDAI>30 was positively correlated with secondary loss of response (OR=3.823, 95%CI 1.015-15.328, P=0.048), and combined with azathioprine was conducive to maintaining efficacy of IFX (OR=0.440, 95%CI 0.106-1.033, P=0.044). The IFX-related adverse events included infusion reactions in 17% (15/86) and infections in 42% (36/86) of children. Analysis showed that age<6 years was a risk factor for infusion reactions (χ2=6.556, P=0.010), and combined use of steroids (χ2=5.230, P=0.022) may increase the incidence of infection. Conclusions: IFX is effective in the treatment of pediatric Crohn's disease with favorable safety. Reducing secondary loss of response to IFX is an urgent issue that need to be addressed. At the same time, it is necessary to pay close attention to the adverse events during IFX treatment.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Criança , China , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(31): 2433-2437, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399555

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the correlation between the titer of anti-muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (anti-MuSK) antibodies (Abs) and the severity and prognosis of Musk-associated myasthenia gravis (Musk-MG). Methods: A total of 33 MuSK-MG patients diagnosed at Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 2018 to June 2020 were prospectively included. Patients were divided into different groups according to immune state, and the immune naive patients were further divided by the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) classification. There were 28 Musk-MG patients who completed the follow-up and subdivided into different groups according to post-intervention status (PIS). Twenty-five patients who received immunotherapy were divided into corticosteroid monotherapy group (n=17) and corticosteroid combined with immunosuppressant group (n=8). The comparison of Ab titers between different MGFA groups and PIS groups was determined by Kruskal-Wallis method, and the comparison of Ab titers between different time points was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U method. Results: There were 11 males and 22 females included in the study, with an onset age of 48 (18, 73) years, of which 16 cases were immune naive and 17 cases were treated with corticosteroids or immunosuppressant at least once. In immune naive population, a significant difference of Ab titers among different MGFA phenotypes was detected (P=0.04). Ab titers were reduced by immunosuppression therapy (the median value decreased from 1.20 to 0.87, P=0.01). Twenty-four (85.7%) MuSK-MG patients achieved a good prognosis (PIS-PR/MM), 1 (3.6%) case achieved improvement (PIS-I), and 3 (10.7%) patients' condition worsened (PIS-W), there was no significant difference of Ab titers among the three groups (P=0.21). Meanwhile, there was no significant difference of Ab titers between different treatment groups (P=0.95). Conclusions: In the immune naive state, the concentration of MuSK-Ab is consistent with the severity of the disease, and the Ab titers decrease after immunotherapy. Change of Ab titers is related to the daily dosage of corticosteroid and is not consistent with PIS grades.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Miastenia Gravis , Idade de Início , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
14.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e243629, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378657

RESUMO

As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Assuntos
Neocallimastix , Escherichia coli/genética , Temperatura
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(28): 2216-2222, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333934

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the accuracy of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition staging system for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to make an appropriate modification. Methods: Data of patients diagnosed with HCC who underwent surgery were extracted from 2004 to 2015 within the SEER database. Overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) of patients were analyzed. Results: A total of 7 911 patients were included and there were 2 117 females and 5 794 males. The male-to-female ratio was 1.00: 0.36. There were 4 050 patients older than 60 years old. Tumor size ranged from 24 to 65 mm. Tumors with single lobes (80.8%) or single lesions (62.8%) were more common. There were 230 cases and 2 052 cases received radiotherapy and chemotherapy, accounting for 2.9% and 25.9%, respectively. The median follow-up was 42 months. Analysis of the 8th edition of AJCC staging system showed that the survival curves of ⅣA stage and ⅢA stage intersected in both OS and DSS, and the differences were not statistically significant between them (both P>0.05). Analysis of patients in subgroup of ⅣA stage showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the four groups of T1N1M0/T2N0M0, T2N1M0/T3N0M0, T3N1M0/T4N0-1M0 and T3N1M0/T1-4N0-1M1 (all P>0.05). Therefore, the modified 8th edition of the AJCC staging system was proposed after retaining the definition of T/N/M in the old edition: ⅠA and ⅠB stages were retained; ⅣA stage was split: T1N1M0 was included in Ⅱ stage, T2N1M0 in Ⅲ stage, and Ⅳ stage included T3N1M0, T4N0-1M0 and T1-4N0-1M1. Cox proportional risk regression analysis of the modified 8th edition of the AJCC staging showed that significant differences were observed among the four groups, with ⅠB/ⅠA (HR=1.462, 95%CI:1.294-1.651), Ⅱ/ⅠB (HR=1.091, 95%CI:1.003-1.186), Ⅲ/Ⅱ (HR=2.034, 95%CI: 1.793-2.307) and Ⅲ/Ⅳ (HR=1.374, 95%CI: 1.192-1.583) for OS, respectively. The similar findings were seen in DSS, with ⅠB/ⅠA (HR=2.007, 95%CI:1.671-2.411), Ⅱ/ⅠB (HR=1.140, 95%CI:1.023-1.271), Ⅲ/Ⅱ (HR=2.344, 95%CI: 2.018-2.724) and Ⅲ/Ⅳ (HR=1.391, 95%CI:1.180-1.639), respectively. Conclusion: The modified AJCC 8th edition staging system could predict the survival outcome of HCC more accurately.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
16.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 608-613, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344122

RESUMO

Objective: To study the ultrastructural features of the corneal epithelium in the corneal allograft of rats with micromolecular compound J2. Methods: An experimental study. Primarily cultured corneal epithelial cells of rats were used. Mononuclear cells (MNCs) by density gradient centrifugation were assigned into the experimental group [MNCs (2 ml)+corneal epithelial cells+J2], control group [MNCs (2 ml)+corneal epithelial cells] and blank group (corneal epithelial cells). Quantity of CD80 expression was obtained by flow cytometry after coculture. Amplitude and height images were obtained by tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) with a scan rate of 2 Hz and an integral gain of 0.3 to 0.5. Statistical analysis of Ra, Rq, Rvm and Rt was performed using the single-factor analysis of variance, and P value was calculated. Results: There were obvious differences in the ultrastructure measured by AFM among groups. Ra was 86.75±12.60 in the experimental group, 120.23±12.11 in the control group, and 61.94±10.62 in the blank group (F=306.92, P<0.01). Rq was 102.53±9.45, 138.30±10.13, and 91.96±7.25, respectively, in the three groups (F=361.85, P<0.01). Rvm was -42.21±14.22, -67.36±10.89, and -32.18±19.01, respectively (F=72.22, P<0.01). Rt was 437.32±15.66, 495.32±13.96, and 339.92±11.22, respectively (F=1634.26, P<0.01). The one way analysis of variance showed significant differences in these parameters among groups. Conclusions: Corneal epithelial cells of rats activated by MNCs had higher CD80 expression, but the expression became decreased with micromolecular compound J2. The ultrastructure of the corneal epithelium became coarser after MNCs activation, and the number of protrusions increased significantly. The ultrastructural changes were alleviated by J2.(Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 608-613).


Assuntos
Transplante de Córnea , Epitélio Corneano , Animais , Córnea , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Ratos , Transplante Homólogo
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(8): 809-812, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404191

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) complicating with intracardiac thrombosis. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. Consecutive patients diagnosed with HCM or RCM and complicated with intracardiac thrombosis (including left and right atrium or ventricular thrombosis), who were admitted to the Heart Failure Care Unit of Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, from September 2008 to September 2018, were enrolled in this study. Patients with myocardial infarction were excluded. The general clinical data of the enrolled patients, including demographic data, major complications, laboratory indicators, echocardiographic indicators, drug application and distribution of intracardiac thrombosis, were collected from electronic medical record system and analyzed. Results: A total of 98 patients were enrolled in this study, including 52 patients (53.1%) with HCM and 46 patients (46.9%) with RCM. The most common comorbidity was atrial fibrillation/flutter: 40 patients (76.9%) in HCM group and 36 patients (78.3%) in RCM group. Majority of patients received oral anticoagulants treatment: 43 patients (82.7%) in HCM group and 35 patients (76.1%) in RCM group. Intracardiac thrombosis was mainly located in the left atrium in both HCM group (39 cases (75.0%)) and RCM group (32 cases (69.6%)). Thrombosis was found in ≥ 2 chambers in 7 patients (7.1%). Rate of left atrial thrombosis was the highest (81.6% (62/76)) in HCM and RCM patients complicating with atrial fibrillation/flutter. Intra-aneurysmal thrombosis occurred in 4 out of 5 patients complicated with apical left ventricular aneurysm. The rate of left ventricular thrombosis in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction≥50% was 7.4% (4/54), which was significantly lower than that in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction<50% (34.5%(10/29)) (P<0.01). Conclusion: There are certain distribution characteristics of HCM and RCM patients with intracardiac thrombosis, and the left atrium is the most common site of thrombosis, more attention should be paid in HCM and RCM patients on the diagnosis and treatment of intracardiac thrombosis.

18.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 619-625, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289547

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the anatomic characteristics of the left parietal peritoneum and its surgical implementation while dissecting in left retro-mesocolic space. Methods: A descriptive case series research methods was used. (1) surgical videos of 35 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical resection (complete mobilization of splenic flexure) of colorectal cancer in Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University between January 2018 and December 2018 were reviewed; (2) four specimens after radical resection of rectal cancer performing in June 2020 were prospectively enrolled and reviewed; (3) five specimens of left parietal peritoneum from 5 cadaveric abdomen (3 males and 2 females) were enrolled and reviewed as well; Tissues of 3 unseparated regions, namely the root of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), the medial region and the lateral region (including kidney tissue), from above the 5 cadaveric abdominal specimens were selected to perform Masson staining and histopathological examination. Results: (1) Surgical video observation: "Staggered layer phenomenon" and typical left parietal peritoneum was found in 77.1% (27/35) of patients when the left retro-mesocolic space was separated from the lateral and central approaches. The left parietal peritoneum presented as a rigid fascia barrier between the lateral and central approaches, which was a translucent dense connective tissue fascia. After the splenic flexure were completely mobilized, the left parietal peritoneum stump continued to the cephalic side. (2) Observation of 4 surgical specimens: The dorsal side of the left mesocolon specimen was studied, and the left parietal peritoneum stump edge was identified. The outside of the stump edge was the left hemicolon dorsal layer, which was continuously downward to the rectal fascia propria. (3) Cadaveric abdominal specimens: The left retro-mesocolic space was separated through lateral and central approaches, and the rigid fascia barrier, essentially the left parietal peritoneum and Gerota fascia, was encountered. Cross-section view showed that the left parietal peritoneum could be further detached from the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon from the outside, but could not be further detached from the inside out. (4) Histological examination: There was no obvious fascia structure in the IMA root region, while outside the IMA root region, the left bundle of inferior mesenteric plexus penetrating Gerota fascia was observed. There were 4 layers of fascias in the medial region, including the ventral layer of the left mesocolon, the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon, left parietal peritoneum and Gerota fascia. Small vessels were observed between the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon and the left parietal peritoneum. In lateral region, renal tissue and renal fascia were observed. Three layers of fascia structures were observed clearly under high power field, including the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon, left parietal peritoneum, and Gerota fascia. Conclusions: The left parietal peritoneum is the anatomical basis of the "staggered layer phenomenon" from the lateral or central approaches during the separation of left retro-mesocolic space. The small vessels in the dissection plane are the anatomical basis of intraoperative microbleeding, which need pre-coagulation. The central part of Gerota fascia is penetrated by the branches of the inferior mesenteric plexus, which results in a relatively dense surgical plane. Thus, during the dissection through the central approach, it is easy to involve in wrong surgical plane by deeper dissection.


Assuntos
Colo Transverso , Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Neoplasias Retais , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Dissecação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Peritônio , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy (RT) combined with breast reconstruction can reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and increase the survival rate. However, this approach seems to worsen aesthetic outcomes and increase complication rates. The impact of breast reconstruction timing and techniques on clinical outcomes, however, remains unclear. For this reason, we aimed to perform a more comprehensive analysis of a series of patients undergoing RT and breast reconstruction. METHODS: Patients were divided into 4 groups according to the timing of reconstruction (before RT and after RT) and surgical technique (heterologous reconstruction and autologous reconstruction (AR)). The median time between RT and reconstruction, number of revision surgeries, incidence of complications, toxicity, aesthetics and associated clinical risk factors were used to assess the clinical outcomes. An objective system of skin toxicity evaluation was performed. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were included in this study. No significant differences in the median time between RT and reconstruction, incidence of complications, toxicity or aesthetics were noted between different timings or techniques of reconstruction. Patients undergoing AR needed more revision surgeries to complete reconstruction. However, the total number of surgical procedures was similar between the groups. In a comparison between the treated and untreated breasts by an objective system, RT produced an increase in erythema and pigmentation and a decrease in elasticity in the treated breast (p<0.05 for all parameters). On multivariate analysis, smoking was a significant predictor associated with complications. CONCLUSIONS: Combined breast reconstruction and RT seem to be successful regardless of the order of treatment or the type of reconstruction.

20.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(7): 980-987, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of inhibiting mitochondrial oxidative stress and NLRP3 inflammasomes on high glucose (HG)-induced pyroptosis and ferroptosis in H9C2 cardiac muscle cells and explore the possible interactions between mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammasomes. METHODS: H9C2 cells exposed to high glucose (35 mmol/L) were treated with the mitochondrial antioxidant mitoquinone (MitoQ), the NLRP3 antagonist MCC950, or both MCC950 and rotenone (a mitochondrial electron transport antagonist), and the cell viability was measured with CCK-8 assay. The cellular and mitochondrial ROS levels were measured using CellRox and Mitosox fluorescent probes, respectively. The cellular NLRP3 inflammasome level was detected with immunofluorescence assay, and the expressions of the key proteins related with pyroptosis and ferroptosis were determined with Western blotting. RESULTS: HG exposure significantly lowered the viability of H9C2 cells (P < 0.01), reduced the expression of GPX4 protein (a key protein related with ferroptosis) (P < 0.01), and increased the fluorescence intensities of NLRP3 (P < 0.01) and ROS (at both the cellular and mitochondrial levels, P < 0.01) and the protein expressions of NLRP3 and GSDMD-NT (P < 0.01). Treatment with either MitoQ or MCC950 significantly increased the viability of HG-exposed cells (P < 0.01), increased GPX4 expression (P < 0.01), and reduced the fluorescence intensities of NLRP3 (P < 0.01) and cellular and mitochondrial ROS (P < 0.01) and the protein expressions of NLRP3 and GSDMD-NT (P < 0.05). Compared with MCC950 treatment, treatment with both MCC950 and rotenone significantly reduced the viability of HG-exposed cells (P < 0.01), lowered GPX4 expression (P < 0.01), and increased the fluorescence intensities of ROS and NLRP3 (P < 0.01) and the protein levels of NLRP3 and GSDMD-NT (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MitoQ inhibits mitochondrial ROS production to reduce HGinduced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and thus suppress pyroptosis and ferroptosis of cardiac muscle cells. There may be an interaction between mitochondrial ROS and NLRP3 inflammasomes.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Piroptose , Glucose/toxicidade , Inflamassomos , Miócitos Cardíacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
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