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1.
Am J Clin Dermatol ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460021

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition with regional and ethnic differences in its prevalence and clinical manifestations. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-Cw6 is the disease allele conferring the greatest risk to psoriasis, but its prevalence is lower in Asian individuals. Recent studies have found associations between HLA-Cw1 and some Asian populations with psoriasis, especially Southern Chinese. HLA-Cw6 was associated with type I early-onset psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, Koebner phenomenon, and better response to methotrexate, interleukin (IL)-12/23, IL-17, and IL-23 targeting drugs. In contrast, HLA-Cw1 positivity has been associated with erythrodermic psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, and the axial type of psoriatic arthritis. Furthermore, HLA-Cw1 was more frequently associated with high-need patients who did not respond to conventional therapies. No known trigger factor nor autoantigen has been identified for HLA-Cw1 positivity. However, HLA-Cw1 has been linked to some viral agents. For example, cytotoxic T lymphocytes recognize multiple cytomegalovirus pp65-derived epitopes presented by HLA alleles, including HLA-C*01:02. In addition, cytomegalovirus can lead to severe exacerbation of psoriatic skin disease. The proposed interaction between viral infection, HLA-Cw1, and psoriasis is through the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors of natural killer cells. Given the diverse nature of psoriasis pathogenesis and the difference in HLA-Cw prevalence in different racial groups, more studies are needed to confirm the role of HLA-Cw1 in psoriasis.

2.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417224

RESUMO

Dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs) comprise a unique group of enzymes that dephosphorylate signaling proteins at both phospho-serine/threonine and phospho-tyrosine residues. Since Notch signaling is an essential pathway for neuronal cell fate determination and development that is also upregulated in Alzheimer's disease tissues, we sought to explore whether and how DUSPs may impact Notch processing. Our results show that overexpression of DUSP15 concomitantly and dose-dependently increased the steady-state levels of recombinant Notch (extracellular domain-truncated Notch, NotchΔE) protein and its cleaved product, Notch intracellular domain (NICD). The overall ratio of NotchΔE to NICD was unchanged by overexpression of DUSP15, suggesting that the effect is independent of γ-secretase. Interestingly, overexpression of DUSP15 also dose-dependently increased phosphorylated ERK1/2. Phosphorylated ERK1/2 is known to be positively correlated with Notch protein level, and we found that DUSP15-mediated regulation of Notch was dependent on ERK1/2 activity. Together, our findings reveal the existence of a previously unidentified DUSP15-ERK1/2-Notch signaling axis, which could potentially play a role in neuronal differentiation and neurological disease.

3.
Acta Otolaryngol ; : 1-5, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis (OLST) is a rare complication of otitis media. We do not know whether the disease progress between the pediatric and adult OLST patients is consistent. However, pediatric surgical methods always refer to the adults'. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to seek evidence for suitable surgical methods in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical manifestation, laboratory findings, and findings in operation between children and adult groups were compared. RESULTS: Ten children and 17 adults OLST patients were included. Most pediatric patients had no history of chronic otitis media or cholesteatoma (p<.001). The ratios of otorrhea, tympanic perforation and sclerotic type mastoid in CT scan were significantly lower in the children group (p<.05). The mean air conduction hearing threshold in the children and adolescent group (31.25 ± 21.27 dB) was significantly lower than that of the adult group (77.6 ± 23.66 dB) (p<.001). The diseases in attics (66.7%) and the ossicular chain destruction (33.3%) were not as severe as those in the adult group (p<.05). The eustachian tube closure was found similar in two groups. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Conservative surgery is recommended to pediatric OLST to obliterate the diseases and improve middle ear and mastoid drainage, preserving hearing function.

4.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404256

RESUMO

Thermoelectric (TE) technology provides a new way to directly harvest and convert the heat continuously released from the human body. The greatest challenge for TE materials applied in wearable TE generators is compatible with the constantly changing morphology of the human body while offering a continuous and stable power output. Here, a stretchable carboxylic single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT)-based TE fiber is prepared by an improved wet-spinning method. The stable Seebeck coefficient of the annealed carboxylic SWNT-based TE fiber is 44 µV/K even under the tensile strain of ∼30%. Experimental results show that the fiber can continue to generate constant TE potential when it is changed to various shapes. The new stretchable TE fiber has a larger Seebeck coefficient and more stretchability than existing TE fibers based on the Seebeck effect, opening a path to using the technology for a variety of practical applications.

5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(4): 118954, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422617

RESUMO

CDGSH Iron Sulfur Domain 2 (CISD2) is the causative gene for the disease Wolfram syndrome 2 (WFS2; MIM 604928), which is an autosomal recessive disorder showing metabolic and neurodegenerative manifestations. CISD2 protein can be localized on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) and mitochondria-associated membrane (MAM). CISD2 plays a crucial role in the regulation of cytosolic Ca2+ homeostasis, ER integrity and mitochondrial function. Here we summarize the most updated publications and discuss the central role of CISD2 in maintaining cellular homeostasis. This review mainly focuses on the following topics. Firstly, that CISD2 has been recognized as a prolongevity gene and the level of CISD2 is a key determinant of lifespan and healthspan. In mice, Cisd2 deficiency shortens lifespan and accelerates aging. Conversely, a persistently high level of Cisd2 promotes longevity. Intriguingly, exercise stimulates Cisd2 gene expression and thus, the beneficial effects offered by exercise may be partly related to Cisd2 activation. Secondly, that Cisd2 is down-regulated in a variety of tissues and organs during natural aging. Three potential mechanisms that may mediate the age-dependent decrease of Cisd2, via regulating at different levels of gene expression, are discussed. Thirdly, the relationship between CISD2 and cell survival, as well as the potential mechanisms underlying the cell death control, are discussed. Finally we discuss that, in cancers, CISD2 may functions as a double-edged sword, either suppressing or promoting cancer development. This review highlights the importance of the CISD2 in aging and age-related diseases and identifies the urgent need for the translation of available genetic evidence into pharmaceutic interventions in order to alleviate age-related disorders and extend a healthy lifespan in humans.

6.
Nutr J ; 20(1): 4, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A number of studies have reported the association between dietary patterns and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), however a consistent perspective hasn't been established to date. Herein, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies to assess the association between dietary patterns and CKD. METHODS: MEDLINE, EBSCO and references from eligible studies were searched for relevant articles published up to 9 May 2020 that examined the association of common dietary patterns and CKD. The heterogeneity among studies was assessed by Cochran's Q test and I2 methods. RESULTS: Seventeen eligible studies, involving 149,958 participants, were included in our systematic review and meta-analysis. The highest compared with the lowest category of healthy dietary pattern was significantly associated with a lower risk of CKD (OR=0.69; CI: 0.57, 0.84; P=0.0001). A higher risk of CKD was shown for the highest compared with the lowest categories of Western-type dietary pattern (OR=1.86; CI: 1.21, 2.86; P=0.005). There were evidence of a lower risk of CKD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of light-moderate drinking pattern (OR=0.76; CI: 0.71, 0.81; P< 0.0001) and heavy drinking pattern (OR=0.67; CI: 0.56, 0.80; P< 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this systematic review and meta-analysis show that a healthy dietary pattern and alcohol drinking were associated with lower risk of CKD, whereas a Western-type dietary pattern was associated with higher risk of CKD.

7.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430102

RESUMO

Along with sanitation and hygiene, water is a well-known driver of child undernutrition. However, a more direct role of household (HH) water access in shaping dietary diversity remains unexplored. We assessed the association between HH water access and achievement of minimum dietary diversity (MDD) among young children. We utilized nationally-representative cross-sectional data from the 2015/16 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey, which included 4727 mother-child dyads, respectively, (26.8 ± 6.8 years, range 15-49 years) and (13.9 ± 4.9 months, range 6-23 months). HH water access was categorized as (1) basic or no access, (2) intermediate, or (3) optimal. MDD was defined as feeding a child, during the previous day, at least four of the food groups defined by the World Health Organization. Only 27.7% of the children achieved MDD standards; most of the children who achieved MDD were from HHs with optimal water access (58.4%, p < 0.001). However, only 5.9% of the mother-child dyads were from HHs with optimal water access. After adjusting for covariates, children from HHs with optimal water access had higher odds of achieving MDD than those from HHs with basic or no water access (aOR = 1.74, CI = 1.24-2.46). Our results highlight the need to incorporate water-based strategies into national nutritional policies to increase dietary diversity among Malawian infants and young children.

8.
J Chin Med Assoc ; Publish Ahead of Print2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and with a single tumor <2 cm in size are classified as having Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage 0 HCC. We aimed to investigate the role of the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade in predicting outcomes in patients with BCLC stage 0 HCC. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled patients with BCLC stage 0 HCC in Taipei Veterans General Hospital from 2007 to 2015. Prognostic factors were analyzed using a Cox proportional hazards model and propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. RESULTS: There were 420 patients enrolled, including 207 with ALBI grade 1, and 213 with ALBI grade 2 or 3. After a median follow-up of 60.0 months (interquartile range, 37.2-84.6 months), 179 patients died. The cumulative 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 80.6% in patients with ALBI grade 1 and 53.7% in those with ALBI grade 2 or 3, respectively (p <0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that age >65 years, negative hepatitis B surface in serum, creatinine >1.0 mg/dL, platelet count ≤105/mm3, tumor size >1.5 cm, non-surgical resection (SR) therapy, and higher ALBI grade were independent risk factors related to poor OS. Patients who underwent SR had a better OS and recurrence-free survival than those who received radiofrequency ablation, which was confirmed by a multivariate analysis and PSM analysis. CONCLUSION: The ALBI grade can determine OS for patients with BCLC stage 0 HCC. SR can also provide a better outcome than non-surgical treatment.

9.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400094

RESUMO

Dengue virus is an arthropod-borne pathogen that is transmitted to humans primarily by Aedes spp. mosquitos, causing the acute infectious disease, dengue fever (DF). Until 2019, no dengue outbreak had been reported in Hainan Province for over 20 years. However, in early September of 2019, an increasing number of infected cases appeared and the DF outbreak lasted for over one month in Haikou City, Hainan Province. In our study, we collected 97 plasma samples from DF patients at three hospitals, as well as 1585 mosquito larvae samples from puddles in different areas of Haikou. There were 49 (50.5%) plasma samples found to be strongly positive and 9 (9.3%) plasma samples were weakly positive against the NS1 antigen. We discovered DENV both in the patient's plasma samples and mosquito larvae samples, and isolated the virus from C6/36 cells inoculated with the acute phase serum of patients. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the new strains were the most closely related to the epidemic strain in the southern regions of China, belonging to lineage IV, genotype I, DENV-1. Compared to the seven closest strains from neighboring countries and provinces, a total of 18 amino acid mutations occurred in the coding sequences (CDS) of the new isolated strain, DENV1 HMU-HKU-2. Our data shows that dengue virus is re-emerged in Hainan, and pose new threats for public health. Thus regular molecular epidemiological surveillance is necessary for control and prevention of DENV transmission.

10.
Theranostics ; 11(4): 1901-1917, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408788

RESUMO

Rationale: Fc engineering has become the focus of antibody drug development. The current mutagenesis and in silico protein design methods are confined by the limited throughput and high cost, while the high-throughput phage display and yeast display technologies are not suitable for screening glycosylated Fc variants. Here we developed a mammalian cell display-based Fc engineering platform. Methods: By using mammalian cell display and next generation sequencing, we screened millions of Fc variants for optimized affinity and specificity for FcγRIIIa or FcγRIIb. The identified Fc variants with improved binding to FcγRIIIa were substituted into trastuzumab and rituximab and the effector function of antibodies were examined in the PBMC-based assay. On the other hand, the identified Fc variants with selectively enhanced FcγRIIb binding were applied to CD40 agonist antibody and the activities of the antibodies were measured on different cell assays. The immunostimulatory activity of CD40 antibodies was also evaluated by OVA-specific CD8+ T cell response model in FcγR/CD40-humanized mice. Results: Using this approach, we screened millions of Fc variant and successfully identified several novel Fc variants with enhanced FcγRIIIa or FcγRIIb binding. These identified Fc variants displayed a dramatic increase in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in PBMC-based assay. Novel variants with selectively enhanced FcγRIIb binding were also identified. CD40 agonist antibodies substituted with these Fc variants displayed activity more potent than the parental antibody in the in vitro and in vivo models. Conclusions: This approach increased the throughput of Fc variant screening from thousands to millions magnitude, enabled screening variants containing multiple mutations and could be integrated with glycoengineering technology, represents an ideal platform for Fc engineering. The initial efforts demonstrated the capability of the platform and the novel Fc variants could be substituted into nearly any antibody for the next generation of antibody therapeutics.

11.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450015

RESUMO

Approximately 13% of the human genome can fold into non-canonical (non-B) DNA structures (e.g. G-quadruplexes, Z-DNA, etc.), which have been implicated in vital cellular processes. Non-B DNA also hinders replication, increasing errors and facilitating mutagenesis, yet its contribution to genome-wide variation in mutation rates remains unexplored. Here, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of nucleotide substitution frequencies at non-B DNA loci within noncoding, non-repetitive genome regions, their ±2 kb flanking regions, and 1-Megabase windows, using human-orangutan divergence and human single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Functional data analysis at single-base resolution demonstrated that substitution frequencies are usually elevated at non-B DNA, with patterns specific to each non-B DNA type. Mirror, direct and inverted repeats have higher substitution frequencies in spacers than in repeat arms, whereas G-quadruplexes, particularly stable ones, have higher substitution frequencies in loops than in stems. Several non-B DNA types also affect substitution frequencies in their flanking regions. Finally, non-B DNA explains more variation than any other predictor in multiple regression models for diversity or divergence at 1-Megabase scale. Thus, non-B DNA substantially contributes to variation in substitution frequencies at small and large scales. Our results highlight the role of non-B DNA in germline mutagenesis with implications to evolution and genetic diseases.

12.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 122: 18-27, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400920

RESUMO

Intranasal oxytocin has been shown to promote social functioning and has recently been applied as a treatment for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The current meta-analysis aims to assess the crucial question of oxytocin's efficacy in the treatment of ASD. We performed a systematic literature search, including randomized, single- or double-blind/open-label and placebo-controlled clinical trials as well as single-arm, non-randomized and uncontrolled studies investigating exogenous oxytocin effect on ASD. A total of 28 studies (N = 726 ASD patients) met our predefined inclusion criteria. We used a multilevel meta-analytic model and found that oxytocin had beneficial effects on social functioning, but did not find strong evidence for symptoms improvement in the non-social domain. Our findings suggest that oxytocin administration can be regarded as an effective treatment for some core aspects of ASD, especially in the domain of social functioning, highlighting the promise of using oxytocin as a new-generation therapeutic to address core social impairments in ASD.

13.
Brain Res Bull ; 169: 18-24, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400956

RESUMO

Resveratrol, a naturally occurring stilbene found in red wine, is known to modulate the activity of several types of ion channels and membrane receptors, including Ca2+, K+, and Na+ ion channels. However, little is known about the effects of resveratrol on some important receptors, such as glycine receptors and GABAA receptors, in the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, the effects of resveratrol on glycine receptor or GABAA receptor-mediated currents in cultured rat inferior colliculus (IC) and auditory cortex (AC) neurons were studied using whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings. Resveratrol itself did not evoke any currents in IC neurons but it reversibly decreased the amplitude of glycine-induced current (IGly) in a concentration-dependent manner. Resveratrol did not change the reversal potential of IGly but it shifted the concentration-response relationship to the right without changing the Hill coefficient and with decreasing the maximum response of IGly. Interestingly, resveratrol inhibited the amplitude of IGly but not that of GABA-induced current (IGABA) in AC neurons. More importantly, resveratrol inhibited GlyR-mediated but not GABAAR-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents in IC neurons using brain slice recordings. Together, these results demonstrate that resveratrol noncompetitively inhibits IGly in auditory neurons by decreasing the affinity of glycine to its receptor. These findings suggest that the native glycine receptors but not GABAA receptors in central neurons are targets of resveratrol during clinical administrations.

14.
J Proteomics ; 234: 104099, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer and yet much is still unknown about this disease. Our goal was to identify unique biomarkers of disease by performing a comprehensive proteomic analysis of early stage, low-grade endometrial cancer through analysis of serum collected from patients pre- and post-definitive surgery. METHODS: We used mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics to identify serum proteins from these patients. Serum samples from women undergoing hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for benign reasons served as control samples for the correlative studies. We then correlated our findings with The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database for additional confirmation. RESULTS: The Ingenuity Pathway Analysis of proteins that were differentially expressed in endometrial cancer showed increased cell survival and decreased organismal death, the most common hallmarks of cancer. We identified over expression of FAM83D (family with sequence similarity 83, member D) in the serum of patients with early stage low-grade endometrial cancer and verified the same in the endometrial cancer cell lines and patient tumors. We also confirmed our hypothesis that FAM83D may serve as a biomarker for endometrial cancer in a cohort of patients with endometrial cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project. CONCLUSION: Comprehensive proteomic analysis is a feasible strategy for potential biomarker identification. Using this technique, FAM83D was identified as a candidate biomarker in early endometrial cancer in our patient samples and was not present in benign control samples. FAM83D has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in several human malignancies. SIGNIFICANCE: Our manuscript describes an alternative approach to comprehensive protein analysis in a model pre and post tumor removal for a sample of patients with early endometrial cancer. The model is innovative and the findings of over expression FAM83D in this population of early cancer may be useful in the study of a disease where there are few biomarkers or targetable therapies.

15.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386428

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: QTL for fiber quality traits under salt stress discerned candidate genes controlling fatty acid metabolism. Salinity stress seriously affects plant growth and limits agricultural productivity of crop plants. To dissect the genetic basis of response to salinity stress, a recombinant inbred line population was developed to compare fiber quality in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under salt stress and normal conditions. Based on three datasets of (1) salt stress, (2) normal growth, and (3) the difference value between salt stress and normal conditions, 51, 70, and 53 QTL were mapped, respectively. Three QTL for fiber length (FL) (qFL-Chr1-1, qFL-Chr5-5, and qFL-Chr24-4) were detected under both salt and normal conditions and explained 4.26%, 9.38%, and 3.87% of average phenotypic variation, respectively. Seven genes within intervals of two stable QTL (qFL-Chr1-1 and qFL-Chr5-5) were highly expressed in lines with extreme long fiber. A total of 35 QTL clusters comprised of 107 QTL were located on 18 chromosomes and exhibited pleiotropic effects. Thereinto, two clusters were responsible for improving five fiber quality traits, and 6 influenced FL and fiber strength (FS). The QTL with positive effect for fiber length exhibited active effects on fatty acid synthesis and elongation, but the ones with negative effect played passive roles on fatty acid degradation under salt stress.

16.
Neuromolecular Med ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389598

RESUMO

Ischemia/reperfusion is a key feature of acute ischemic stroke, which causes neuron dysfunction and death. Exosomes, small extracellular vesicles produced by most cell types, are implicated in the mediation of cellular interactions with their environment. Here, we investigated the contents and functions of exosomes from neurons under ischemic reperfusion injury. First, rat cortical primary neuronal cell cultures were placed in an oxygen- and glucose-deprived (OGD) medium, followed by reperfusion in a normoxic conditioned medium (OGD/R) to mimic ischemia/reperfusion in vitro. The neuron-derived exosomes were harvested from the conditioned medium under normoxia and OGD/R. Through next-generation sequencing, exosomal miRNA expression levels in normoxic and OGD/R condition were compared. Their functional activity in terms of neuron viability and quantitative analysis of neurite outgrowth were examined. The expression levels of 45 exosomal miRNAs were significantly different between normoxic and OGD/R conditions. Bioinformatics analysis of dysregulated exosomal miRNAs identified multiple pathways involved in cell survival and death processes and neuronal signaling. Moreover, treatment with exosomes from OGD/R to cultured cortical neurons significantly impaired neuronal cell viability and reduced neurite outgrowth in terms of the number of primary or total neurites as well as length of primary neurites, compared with exosomes from normoxic conditions. miRNA-packed exosomes released by neurons under OGD/R challenge may contribute to post ischemic neuronal injury and provide further understanding of the effect of stressed neurons on neighboring neuronal functions.

17.
Gut ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data regarding the real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) with or without low-dose ribavirin (RBV) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and severe renal impairment (RI) are limited. We evaluated the performance of SOF/VEL with or without low-dose RBV in HCV-infected patients with chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5. DESIGN: 191 patients with compensated (n=181) and decompensated (n=10) liver diseases receiving SOF/VEL (400/100 mg/day) alone and SOF/VEL with low-dose RBV (200 mg/day) for 12 weeks were retrospectively recruited at 15 academic centres in Taiwan. The effectiveness was determined by sustained virological response at off-treatment week 12 (SVR12) in evaluable (EP) and per-protocol populations (PP). The safety profiles were assessed. RESULTS: The SVR12 rates by EP and PP analyses were 94.8% (95% CI 90.6% to 97.1%) and 100% (95% CI 97.9% to 100%). In patients with compensated liver disease, the SVR12 rates were 95.0% and 100% by EP and PP analyses. In patients with decompensated liver disease, the SVR12 rates were 90.0% and 100% by EP and PP analyses. Ten patients who failed to achieve SVR12 were attributed to non-virological failures. Among the 20 serious adverse events (AEs), none were judged related to SOF/VEL or RBV. The AEs occurring in ≥10% included fatigue (14.7%), headache (14.1%), nausea (12.6%), insomnia (12.0%) and pruritus (10.5%). None had ≥grade 3 total bilirubin or alanine aminotransferase elevations. CONCLUSION: SOF/VEL with or without low-dose RBV is effective and well-tolerated in HCV-infected patients with severe RI.

18.
Support Care Cancer ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33409725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) needs regular care. However, clinical observations found that some discharged leukemia patients in mainland China had not complied with the requirement of regular care. Our study aims to explore the facilitators and hindrances of regular cares of PICC in leukemia patients with the Colaizzi phenomenon analysis. METHODS: This qualitative report used the descriptive phenomenological method to collect information and was conducted in accordance with the COREQ checklist. By purposive sampling, 11 leukemia patients with PICC were selected and interviewed in the Department of Hematology of a first-class hospital in Wuhan (central China). The interviews were conducted from March 2016 to May 2017. RESULTS: Two facilitators for PICC care were extracted through interviews, including fear of nosocomial infection and convenience for treatment. Eleven hindrances were summarized, including high costs, unavailability of local services, worries about affecting family members, a lack of health awareness, inconvenient transportations, fluke minds, physical discomfort, fears of leukemia and chemotherapy, short chemotherapy intervals, damage to appearance, and no insurance coverage of costs. CONCLUSION: Leukemia patients' compliance with PICC care was hindered by several factors. The improvement of PICC care may need joint efforts of patients, nursing professionals, hospitals' managerial staff, and governments.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Esophagojejunostomy is a challenging step in laparoscopic gastrectomy. Although the overlap method is a safe and feasible approach for esophagojejunostomy, it has several technical limitations. We developed novel modifications for the overlap method to overcome these disadvantages. METHODS: Forty-eight consecutive gastric cancer patients underwent totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy or laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy with double-tract reconstruction at our institution from January 2019 to April 2020 using the overlap method with the following modifications. The esophagus was initially rotated by 90° counterclockwise, followed by transection of two-thirds of the esophageal diameter. The unstapled esophagus was then transected with a harmonic ultrasonic scalpel to enable esophagostomy at the posterior side of the esophagus. A side-to-side esophagojejunostomy was then formed at the posterior side of the esophagus using an endoscopic linear stapler through the right lower trocar. The common entry hole was closed via hand sewing method using V-Loc suture. This procedure was termed "esophagus two-step-cut overlap method." RESULTS: Only one patient suffered from esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage but subsequently recovered after conservative treatment. Patients did not experience anastomotic bleeding or stricture. CONCLUSION: Our modified overlap method provides satisfactory surgical outcomes and overcomes several technical limitations, such as entering the false lumen of the esophagus, unnecessary pollution caused by nasogastric tube, and unintended left crus stapling during anastomosis.

20.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(1): 20, 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389235

RESUMO

Soil heavy metal (Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, V, As) concentrations in different areas were analyzed to investigate the effects of different industrial activities on heavy metal pollution status, potential ecological risk, and human health risk in Panzhihua. Our results showed that Cu and V enrichment in soil was due to ore smelting. Soil Cr accumulation was related to coal ore mining. Soil Cd, Zn, As, and Pb enrichment was attributed to high-temperature coal combustion. Under the effect of industrial activities, soils were moderately contaminated with Cd, uncontaminated to moderately contaminated with As and Zn, and uncontaminated with Cr, Cu, V, and Pb. Soil heavy metal potential ecological risk was considerable, and non-carcinogenic risks and carcinogenic risks of soil heavy metals were acceptable for adults but unacceptable for children. Thermal power generation was the dominated industrial activity that influence the soil heavy metal concentrations and environmental risks in Panzhihua, which posed considerable potential ecological risks and unacceptable heavy metal non-carcinogenic risks and As carcinogenic risk to both adults and children. This study indicates that industrial activities have great effects on heavy metal pollution, ecological risks, and health risk, and more attention should be paid to the ecological risk and health risks brought by thermal power generation.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Adulto , Criança , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Medição de Risco , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
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