Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.598
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019259

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous gasotransmitter regulating alternative physiological processes in the cardiovascular system. To achieve translational application of NO, continued efforts are made on the development of orally active NO prodrugs for long-term treatment of chronic cardiovascular diseases. Herein, immobilization of NO-delivery [Fe2(µ-SCH2CH2COOH)2(NO)4] (DNIC-2) onto MIL-88B, a metal-organic framework (MOF) consisting of biocompatible Fe3+ and 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (BDC), was performed to prepare a DNIC@MOF microrod for enhanced oral delivery of NO. In simulated gastric fluid, protonation of the BDC linker in DNIC@MOF initiates its transformation into a DNIC@tMOF microrod, which consisted of DNIC-2 well dispersed and confined within the BDC-based framework. Moreover, subsequent deprotonation of the BDC-based framework in DNIC@tMOF under simulated intestinal conditions promotes the release of DNIC-2 and NO. Of importance, this discovery of transformer-like DNIC@MOF provides a parallel insight into its stepwise transformation into DNIC@tMOF in the stomach followed by subsequent conversion into molecular DNIC-2 in the small intestine and release of NO in the bloodstream of mice. In comparison with acid-sensitive DNIC-2, oral administration of DNIC@MOF results in a 2.2-fold increase in the oral bioavailability of NO to 65.7% in mice and an effective reduction of systolic blood pressure (SBP) to a ΔSBP of 60.9 ± 4.7 mmHg in spontaneously hypertensive rats for 12 h.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35038478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of psychotic depression and the differences in sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and prescription patterns of psychotropic medications between patients with psychotic depression (PD) and patients with nonpsychotic depression (NPD) in China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 13 major psychiatric hospitals or the psychiatric units of general hospitals in China from September 1, 2010, to February 28, 2011. PD was defined according to the psychotic disorder section of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). The sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and the prescription patterns of psychotropic medications were compared between the PD and NPD groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate factors associated with an increased likelihood of PD. RESULTS: Among 1172 MDD patients, the prevalence of psychotic features was 9.2% in the present study. The logistic regression analysis indicated that unmarried (OR=2.08, p<0.001), frequent depressive episodes (OR=2.10, p=0.020), depressive episodes with suicidal ideation and attempts (OR=1.91, p=0.004), and patients who were prescribed any antipsychotics (OR=2.94, p<0.001) were associated with psychotic features in patients with MDD. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional design, retrospective recall of some data CONCLUSION: The prevalence of PD is high in China, and there were some differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between patients with PD and patients with NPD. Clinicians should regularly assess psychotic symptoms and consider intensive treatment and close monitoring when treating subjects with PD.

4.
Anal Methods ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35040833

RESUMO

Various methods have been proposed currently to detect amethopterin (ATP, a widely used anticancer drug that is also called methotrexate); however, a simple and low-cost electrochemical method coupled with high sensitivity is scarce. In this study, by using low-cost and readily available nanocarbon black (NCB), which has excellent conductivity and stable dispersion in water as well as large surface area, as electrode materials to modify a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), a simple, inexpensive and highly-sensitive electrochemical sensor was constructed based on NCB/GCE. The electrochemical behaviors of ATP at both NCB/GCE and GCE were studied; the results show that the peak current of ATP at NCB/GCE is extremely higher than that at the bare GCE. For sensing ATP with high sensitivity, various control conditions including accumulation time, pH values of the phosphate buffer solution and NCB amount were optimized. The quantitative testing results show that NCB/GCE presents excellent sensing performances with a wide linearity range from 0.01 to 10.0 µM and low limit of detection (4.0 nM) towards ATP. Moreover, the investigation in the reproducibility and stability as well as selectivity of NCB/GCE demonstrated that the related results are also satisfactory. It is thus simple and effective method for ATP analysis and has important applications.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985242

RESUMO

High-performance electromagnetic wave-absorbing (EMA) materials used in high-temperature environments are of great importance in both civil and military fields. Herein, we have developed the ultralight graphene/polyaramid composite foam for wideband electromagnetic wave absorption in both gigahertz and terahertz bands, with a higher service temperature of 300 °C. It is found that strong interfacial π-π interactions are spontaneously constructed between graphene and polyaramids (PA), during the foam preparation process. This endows the foam with two advantages for its EMA performance. First, the π-π interactions trigger the interfacial polarization for enhanced microwave dissipation, as confirmed by the experimental and simulation results. The composite foam with an ultralow density (0.0038 g/cm3) shows a minimum reflection loss (RL) of -36.5 dB and an effective absorption bandwidth (EAB) of 8.4 GHz between 2 and 18 GHz band. Meanwhile, excellent terahertz (THz) absorption is also achieved, with EAB covering the entire 0.2-1.6 THz range. Second, the interfacial π-π interactions promote PA to present a unique in-plane orientation configuration along the graphene surface, thus making PA the effective antioxidation barrier layer for graphene at high temperatures. The EMA performance of the foam could be completely preserved after 300 °C treatment in air atmosphere. Furthermore, the composite foam exhibits multifunctions, including good compressive, thermal insulating, and flame-retardant properties. We believe that this study could provide useful guidance for the design of next-generation EMA materials used in harsh environments.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 55, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a role in the tumor microenvironment. Sorafenib, which inhibits the VEGF pathway, has an immune-modulation function but lacks substantial clinical data. This study aims to explore the efficacy of anti-PD-1 combined sorafenib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: HCC patients who underwent anti-PD-1 treatment at Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taipei, Taiwan) between January 2016 and February 2019 were reviewed. The efficacy was compared between groups after propensity-score matching. RESULTS: There were 173 HCC patients receiving anti-PD-1. After excluding unsuitable cases, 140 patients were analyzed, of which 58 received combination therapy and 82 received anti-PD-1 alone. The combination therapy had a trend of higher CR rate (8.6% vs. 4.9%, ns.), ORR (22.4% vs. 19.5%, ns.) and significantly higher DCR (69.0% vs. 37.8%, p < 0.05) comparing to anti-PD-1 alone. After matching, combination group achieved longer progression-free survival (3.87 vs. 2.43 months, p < 0.05) and overall survival (not reached vs. 7.17 months, p < 0.05) than anti-PD-1 alone, without higher grade 3/4 AE (10.3% vs. 7.1%, p = 0.73). The tumor response varied among different metastatic sites, with high responses in adrenal glands, peritoneum and lungs. The more AFP declined (> 10, > 50 and > 66%), the higher the ORR (70, 80 and 92%) and CR rates (30, 35 and 58%) were achieved at day 28. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to demonstrate the combination of anti-PD-1 and sorafenib had better efficacy and survival benefit. A prospective randomized study is needed to confirm this finding.

7.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 85(1): 30-41, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35006125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a defective virus that relies on the supply of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) from hepatitis B virus (HBV) to assemble HDV virions and infect hepatocytes. However, controversy remains in whether the presence of HDV increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our aim is to evaluate the influence of HDV on the risk of HCC through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A review of all English-language literature was conducted in the major medical databases using the subject search terms "hepatocellular carcinoma," "liver cancer," "hepatic tumor," and "hepatitis delta." A meta-analysis of the qualifying publications was then performed. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 21 studies, which revealed a significantly higher risk of HCC among patients with HDV/HBV dual infection (odds ratio [OR] = 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.37-3.14, p < 0.01) compared with those with HBV monoinfection. Those with HDV/HBV dual infection remained at higher risk of HCC in the subgroup analysis, irrespective of the status of hepatitis C virus (HCV) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection and in different ethnicities. The HCC risk remained higher in patients with HDV/HBV dual infection with heterogeneous fibrosis stage (OR = 2.04, 95% CI, 1.31-3.17, p < 0.01). The difference in the risk of HCC between HDV/HBV dual infection and HBV monoinfection was not statistically significant in patients with cirrhosis or advanced fibrosis (OR = 1.84, 95% CI, 0.48-7.02, p = 0.37). However, this subgroup comprised only two studies. CONCLUSION: HDV and HBV dual infection significantly increase the risk of HCC development compared with HBV monoinfection.

8.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007704

RESUMO

UVB can induce inflammatory responses contributing to diverse skin damage. UVB-triggered inflammasome activation of human keratinocytes underlies UVB-induced skin sunburn reaction. Pleiotropic functions of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) have rendered it as a potential therapeutic target. In immunocytes, Syk modulates immunoreceptor signaling and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. In skin, Syk mediates EGFR signaling, regulates keratinocyte differentiation and is involved in inflammatory disorders. However, roles of Syk in UVB-induced inflammasome activation in keratinocytes remain elusive. We investigated roles of keratinocyte Syk in UVB-triggered photo-responses. Primary normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) isolated from skin were used. Syk knockdown or Syk inhibitor R406 was applied to investigate functions of keratinocyte Syk in UVB photobiology. The possible in vivo role of Syk was evaluated by checking UVB-induced skin damage in R406-treated mice. UVB was able to induce Syk phosphorylation in NHEKs that could be regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and EGFR. Syk knockdown or Syk inhibitor (R406) treatment reduced UVB-triggered apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-recruitment domain (ASC) crosslinking, procaspase-1 cleavage, active IL-1ß formation, and gasdermin D activation, indicating roles of Syk in UVB-triggered inflammasome activation in keratinocytes. UVB-induced production of IL-8, TNF-α, ROS, and phosphorylation of JNK and p38 were attenuated after Syk knockdown or inhibition. R406 ameliorated UVB-induced mouse skin damage, including erythema and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Thus, Syk participated in UVB-induced inflammasome activation and inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo, suggesting potential photo-protective effects of Syk inhibition in UVB-induced skin inflammation.

9.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; : 128547, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032608

RESUMO

A total of 23 compounds based on Osthole skeleton were designed and synthesized. Their agonistic activity for Nrf2 were evaluated by Dual-luciferase Reporter Gene Assay. Most of the compounds showed better activities compared with Osthole, especially O15 and O21. And the median effective concerntration (EC50) values was calculated accordingly, both of which showed remarkable activity for Nrf2. The structure activity relationship study indicated that introduction of the structure of stilbene might be beneficial for enhancement of agonistic properties of Osthole, and the position of the substituent may have a greater effect on the activity than the electron-donating/withdrawing ability of the substituent. Mechanism of the action of selected compound O15 was investigated by molecular docking, cellular thermal shift assay and ubiquitination assay, which suggested the reason why O15 exhibited relatively stronger agonistic activity for Nrf2. Compound O15 and O21 both provided novel methods to investigate Osthole-based compounds as Nrf2 agonists.

10.
Complement Ther Med ; 64: 102799, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of nonpharmacological interventions on the mental health of high-risk pregnant women. METHODS: This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2020 (PRISMA) statement. The Cochrane Library, Embase, CINAHL, PubMed and Web of Science databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized controlled trials from inception to April 2021. The quality of the studies was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool 2.0. Data were independently extracted and narratively synthesized. RESULTS: Fifteen studies involving 1723 pregnant women were selected. Nonpharmacological interventions included cognitive behavioral interventions, yoga, relaxation interventions, psychological and educational support interventions, and acupressure. Cognitive behavioral interventions and yoga for high-risk pregnant women had potential benefits on the symptoms of anxiety, stress and depression. There was insufficient evidence that relaxation interventions, psychological and educational support interventions and acupressure had positive effects on these women's mental health. CONCLUSIONS: This review showed that cognitive behavioral interventions and yoga during pregnancy may benefit women with high-risk pregnancies. However, due to methodological limitations of this review, further studies with robust methodological designs are needed to verify the efficacy.

11.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 46, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022555

RESUMO

The endogenous lysosomal cysteine protease inhibitor SERPINB3 (squamous cell carcinoma antigen 1, SCCA1) is elevated in patients with cervical cancer and other malignancies. High serum SERPINB3 is prognostic for recurrence and death following chemoradiation therapy. Cervical cancer cells genetically lacking SERPINB3 are more sensitive to ionizing radiation (IR), suggesting this protease inhibitor plays a role in therapeutic response. Here we demonstrate that SERPINB3-deficient cells have enhanced sensitivity to IR-induced cell death. Knock out of SERPINB3 sensitizes cells to a greater extent than cisplatin, the current standard of care. IR in SERPINB3 deficient cervical carcinoma cells induces predominantly necrotic cell death, with biochemical and cellular features of lysoptosis. Rescue with wild-type SERPINB3 or a reactive site loop mutant indicates that protease inhibitory activity is required to protect cervical tumor cells from radiation-induced death. Transcriptomics analysis of primary cervix tumor samples and genetic knock out demonstrates a role for the lysosomal protease cathepsin L in radiation-induced cell death in SERPINB3 knock-out cells. These data support targeting of SERPINB3 and lysoptosis to treat radioresistant cervical cancers.

12.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(1): 132-134, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34993337

RESUMO

We present the complete mitogenome of Muntiacus reevesi. We found that the mitogenome of this circle is 16,535 bp in size and includs 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, and one noncoding control region (D-loop) that are conserved in most Cervidae mitogenomes. The total base composition of the Muntiacus reevesi mitogenome is 33.18% A, 28.99 % T, 24.43% C, and 13.40% G, which is typical for mammalian mitogenomes. Phylogenetic analyses. Phylogenetic analyses showed that M. reevesi clustered with M. vuquangensis and M. putaoensis as a branch and that they are closely genetically related.

13.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(1)2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35008382

RESUMO

Immunotherapy benefits selected cases of gastric cancer (GC), but the correlation between biomarkers and prognosis is still unclear. Fifty-two patients with GC who underwent immunotherapy were enrolled from June 2016 to December 2020. Their clinical features and biomarkers-microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H), programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS), and Epstein-Barr encoding region (EBER)-were analyzed. Eight patients had MSI-H, five patients had EBER, 29 patients had CPS ≥ 1, and 20 patients had no biomarker. The overall response rates (ORRs) of the MSI-H, EBER, PD-L1 CPS ≥ 1, and all-negative group were 75%, 60%, 44.8%, and 15%, respectively. Compared with that of the all-negative group, progression-free survival (PFS) was better in the MSI-H (p = 0.018), CPS ≥ 5 (p = 0.012), and CPS ≥ 10 (p = 0.006) groups, but not in the EBER (p = 0.2) and CPS ≥ 1 groups (p = 0.35). Ten patients had combined biomarkers, CPS ≥ 1 with either MSI-H or EBER. The ORRs were 66.7% for CPS ≥ 1 and MSI-H and 75% for CPS ≥ 1 and EBER. PFS was better in patients with combined biomarkers (p = 0.01). MSI-H, EBER, and CPS are useful biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of immunotherapy.

14.
Oncogene ; 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974522

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) possesses poor prognosis mainly due to lack of effective endocrine or targeted therapies, aggressive nature and high rate of chemoresistance. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered to play critical roles in cancer recurrence and chemoresistance. THEMIS2 was identified as the sole common elevated gene in three triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and two ovarian CSC lines. We discovered an intrinsic signaling scaffold function of THEMIS2, which acts as a novel regulator of cancer stemness in promoting multiple cancer stemness properties including sphere formation, stemness markers expression, chemoresistance and tumorigenicity with low numbers of cancer cells implantation. For the first time, we demonstrated that THEMIS2 specifically enhanced MET activating phosphorylation by suppressing the association of protein-tyrosine phosphatases 1B (PTP1B) with p-MET and MET, which accounted mainly for THEMIS2-mediated effect on cancer stemness and chemoresistance. Increased THEMIS2 expression was associated with poor survival in TNBC patients and in patients from our breast cancer cohort. We found that non-cytotoxic dosages of cryptotanshinone (CPT) could potently inhibit cancer stemness, chemoresistance and tumorigenicity by suppressing expression of THEMIS2. Notably, stable overexpression of THEMIS2 is associated with enhanced sensitivity toward Capmatinib and CPT treatment. Expression levels of THEMIS2 and p-MET protein were positively correlated in the 465 breast cancer specimens. Our study revealed the novel oncogenic role of THEMIS2 and its underlying mechanism via suppressing PTP1B association with MET and thus leading to its activation. Our findings suggest that THEMIS2 could be a biomarker for MET targeted therapy and also provide a potential clinical application using low dosages of CPT for treatment of THEMIS2 positive TNBC.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(1): 1362-1372, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933548

RESUMO

Scintillation fibers based on rare-earth ion-doped crystal materials have attracted significant attention for applications in a wide range of areas from security to healthcare. However, the scintillation performance of crystal fibers is severely limited owing to the complex preparation process. Here, we report a modified preparation process of the transparent Ce/Tb co-doped yttrium pyrosilicate (YPS) nanocrystal silica fiber for the first time, which was fabricated by the CO2 laser-heated method assisted with optimal thermal annealing. An YPS nanocrystal phase with an average size of approximately 38 nm is obtained by controlling the diffusion concentration of SiO2 in the fiber core region. Both Ce3+ and Tb3+ ions were successfully embedded into YPS nanocrystals, which enhanced the energy transfer with an efficiency of 59.87% between the dopants as well as brighter green light emission. Furthermore, the X-ray-excited remote radioluminescence response of the obtained YPS nanocrystal fiber with a length of 20 m was approximately 1 order of magnitude larger than that of the precursor fiber, while the dose rate response exhibited excellent linearity. It is believed that the novel transparent YPS nanocrystal-doped silica optical fibers, combined with their excellent fluorescent properties, could be promising candidates for scintillators, fiber lasers, and phosphors.

16.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(1): 210-216, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100458

RESUMO

In Alzheimer's disease and ischemic stroke, intranasal insulin can act as a neuroprotective agent. However, whether intranasal insulin has a neuroprotective effect in intracerebral hemorrhage and its potential mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, a mouse model of autologous blood-induced intracerebral hemorrhage was treated with 0.5, 1, or 2 IU insulin via intranasal delivery, twice per day, until 24 or 72 hours after surgery. Compared with saline treatment, 1 IU intranasal insulin treatment significantly reduced hematoma volume and brain edema after cerebral hemorrhage, decreased blood-brain barrier permeability and neuronal degeneration damage, reduced neurobehavioral deficits, and improved the survival rate of mice. Expression levels of p-AKT and p-GSK3ß were significantly increased in the perihematoma tissues after intranasal insulin therapy. Our findings suggest that intranasal insulin therapy can protect the neurological function of mice after intracerebral hemorrhage through the AKT/GSK3ß signaling pathway. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the North Sichuan Medical College of China (approval No. NSMC(A)2019(01)) on January 7, 2019.

17.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132021, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454227

RESUMO

In recent years, with the development of economy and industry, water contaminated with heavy metal has become a global environmental problem. Vanadium (V) is an emerging contaminant reported in wastewater along with the increasing mining, smelting and recovering of vanadium ores and application in many fields as a significant national strategy resource. The increasing attention has been paid to the separations of V from water due to its potential toxic to animals and human beings. In the present study, the most common V removal techniques including adsorption, microbiological treatment, chemical precipitation, solvent extraction, electrokinetic remediation, photocatalysis, coagulation and membrane filtration are presented with discussion of their advantages, limitations and the recent achievements. Several major influencing factors and mechanisms of various processes have been briefly analyzed. Some research perspectives are proposed for improving the capacities to remove V from water. The core objective of this review is to provide comprehensive information or database for the superior approach for V removal.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Animais , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Vanádio/análise , Águas Residuárias , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
18.
Gut ; 71(1): 176-184, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data regarding the real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) with or without low-dose ribavirin (RBV) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and severe renal impairment (RI) are limited. We evaluated the performance of SOF/VEL with or without low-dose RBV in HCV-infected patients with chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5. DESIGN: 191 patients with compensated (n=181) and decompensated (n=10) liver diseases receiving SOF/VEL (400/100 mg/day) alone and SOF/VEL with low-dose RBV (200 mg/day) for 12 weeks were retrospectively recruited at 15 academic centres in Taiwan. The effectiveness was determined by sustained virological response at off-treatment week 12 (SVR12) in evaluable (EP) and per-protocol populations (PP). The safety profiles were assessed. RESULTS: The SVR12 rates by EP and PP analyses were 94.8% (95% CI 90.6% to 97.1%) and 100% (95% CI 97.9% to 100%). In patients with compensated liver disease, the SVR12 rates were 95.0% and 100% by EP and PP analyses. In patients with decompensated liver disease, the SVR12 rates were 90.0% and 100% by EP and PP analyses. Ten patients who failed to achieve SVR12 were attributed to non-virological failures. Among the 20 serious adverse events (AEs), none were judged related to SOF/VEL or RBV. The AEs occurring in ≥10% included fatigue (14.7%), headache (14.1%), nausea (12.6%), insomnia (12.0%) and pruritus (10.5%). None had ≥grade 3 total bilirubin or alanine aminotransferase elevations. CONCLUSION: SOF/VEL with or without low-dose RBV is effective and well-tolerated in HCV-infected patients with severe RI.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carbamatos/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/classificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Adulto Jovem
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150516, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592287

RESUMO

Increasing research has recognized that the ubiquitous presence of microplastics in terrestrial environments is undeniable, which potentially alters the soil ecosystem properties and processes. The fact that microplastics with diverse characteristics enter into the soil may induce distinct effects on soil ecosystems. Our knowledge of the impacts of microplastics with different polymers, shapes, and concentrations on soil bacterial communities is still limited. To address this, we examined the effects of spherical microplastics (150 µm) with different polymers (i.e., polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), and polypropylene (PP)) and four shapes of PP microplastics (i.e., fiber, film, foam, and particle) at a constant concentration (1%, w/w) on the soil bacterial community in an agricultural soil over 60 days. Treatments with different concentrations (0.01-20%, w/w) of PP microplastic particles (150 µm) were also included. The bacterial communities in PE and PP treatments showed a similar pattern but separated from those in PS-treated soils, indicating the polymer backbone structure is an important factor modulating the soil bacterial responses. Fiber, foam, and film microplastics significantly affected the soil bacterial composition as compared to the particle. The community dissimilarity of soil bacteria was significantly (R2 = 0.592, p < 0.001) correlated with the changes of microplastic concentration. The random forest model identified that certain bacteria belonging to Patescibacteria were closely linked to microplastic contamination. Additionally, analysis of the predicted function further showed that microplastics with different characteristics caused distinct effects on microbial community function. Our findings suggested that the idiosyncrasies of microplastics should not be neglected when studying their effects on terrestrial ecosystems.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Microplásticos , Ecossistema , Plásticos/toxicidade , Polímeros , Solo
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 3): 151214, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715225

RESUMO

Soil contamination with multiple heavy metals has always been a pressing issue, but little attention has been given to V and Cr and their chemical fractions' impacts on microorganisms because Cr2O3 usually occurs as an associated mineral in vanadium mines. To investigate this issue, samples (N1-N6) less affected by anthropogenic activities were selected for microbial analysis. The area near the refinery was heavily contaminated according to the PLI (pollution load index). Actinobacteriota, Proteobacteria, and Chloroflexi were the dominant phyla in the soil. The diversity of bacteria was positively influenced by V and Cr and negatively influenced by pH, while the abundance was positively correlated with soil nutrients. Interestingly, the influence of heavy metals in the residual fraction on the microbial community structure and functional metabolism was higher than that in the oxidizable fraction, which may be due to the relatively low heavy metal valence of the oxidizable fraction, suggesting that low valence binding forms of multivalence elements have little effect on microorganisms in the soil. Ultimately, two strains with great efficiency in reducing V and Cr were screened, and co-occurrence network characteristics with significant positive interactions suggested that Bacillus can coordinate community structure in the same niche. This research will help to explore the bioavailability of heavy metals and further achieve the bioremediation of heavy metal contamination in soil.


Assuntos
Poluentes do Solo , Vanádio , Bactérias , Biodegradação Ambiental , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Titânio
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...