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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(7)2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231169

RESUMO

The use of nanomaterial-based products continues to grow with advancing technology. Understanding the potential toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) is important to ensure that products containing them do not impose harmful effects to human or environmental health. In this study, we evaluated the comparative cytotoxicity between nickel oxide (NiO) and nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2) in human bronchoalveolar carcinoma (A549) and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell lines. Cellular viability studies revealed cell line-specific cytotoxicity in which nickel NPs were toxic to A549 cells but relatively nontoxic to HepG2 cells. Time-, concentration-, and particle-specific cytotoxicity was observed in A549 cells. NP-induced oxidative stress triggered dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential and induction of caspase-3 enzyme activity. The subsequent apoptotic events led to reduction in cell number. In addition to cell death, suppression of cell proliferation played an essential role in regulating cell number. Collectively, the observed cell viability is a function of cell death and suppression of proliferation. Physical and chemical properties of NPs such as total surface area and metal dissolution are in agreement with the observed differential cytotoxicity. Understanding the properties of NPs is essential in informing the design of safer materials.

2.
Biomaterials ; 246: 119999, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247201

RESUMO

Abundant desmoplastic stroma, which typically exists in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), can act as a natural protective physical barrier rendering insufficient drug delivery and penetration. To address this issue, we herein report a two-step sequential delivery strategy for enhanced pancreatic cancer therapy. In this sequential strategy, the nitric oxide (NO) donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) loaded liposomes (Lip-SNAP) were firstly delivered to pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) in tumor tissue to inhibit the production of dense stroma, by inhibiting the expression of TGF-ß1 and its downstream profibrotic signal transduction. Therefore, the PSC-mediated desmoplastic reaction could be suppressed by inhibiting the expression of fibronectin, α-SMA and collagen. The gemcitabine (GEM) loaded liposomes (Lip-GEM) were administrated subsequently. The enhanced intratumoral penetration of Lip-GEM was then achieved due to the stromal disruption in consequence of NO treatment, thus significantly improving the drug delivery efficiency. The tumor growth inhibition of the two-step sequential delivery of Lip-SNAP and Lip-GEM was investigated on both subcutaneous and orthotopic tumor mouse models, to show the remarkably improved therapeutic efficacy of GEM. Such NO-induced stromal depletion provides a general strategy to overcome the blockage of desmoplastic stroma on other therapeutic agents.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 723: 137955, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220731

RESUMO

Most studies on the health effects of PM2.5 (fine particulate matter with diameter smaller than 2.5 µm) use indirect indicators, such as mortality and number of hospital visits. Recent research shows that biomarkers can also be used to evaluate the health effects of PM2.5; however, these biomarkers are not very common. Clinical laboratories can provide a significant amount of test data that have been proven to have important diagnostic value. Therefore, we use big data analysis methods to find the associations between clinical laboratory common test items and PM2.5 exposure. Data related to air pollution and meteorological information between 2014 and 2016 were obtained from the China National Environmental Monitoring Centre and the China National Meteorological Information Center. Additionally, data of 27 common test items from the same period were collected from Changsha Central Hospital. Primary analyses included a generalized additive model to analyze the associations between PM2.5 concentration and common test items; the model was adjusted for time trends, weather conditions (temperature and humidity), and days of the week. Furthermore, we adjusted the effects of other air pollutants, such as PM10, SO2, NO2, CO, and O3. 17 items such as TP, ALB, ALT, AST, TBIL, DBIL, UREA, CREA, UA, GLU, LDL, WBC, K, Cl, Ca, TT, and FIB were significantly positively associated with PM2.5 concentration (P< 0.05) and have concentration-response relationship. After adjusting the effect of PM10+SO2+NO2+CO+O3, TP, ALB, ALT, AST, TBIL, DBIL, UREA, CREA, UA, GLU, WBC, Cl, and Ca were still significantly associated with PM2.5 concentration (P< 0.05). This current study suggested that clinical laboratory common test items may be used to assess and predict the health effects of PM2.5 on the population.

4.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 136, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171305

RESUMO

Hookworm infection is a major public health problem that threatens about 500 million people throughout tropical areas of the world. Adult hookworms survive for many years in the host intestine, where they suck blood, causing iron deficiency anemia and malnutrition. Numerous molecules, named excretory/secretory (ES) products, are secreted by hookworm adults and/or larvae to aid in parasite survival and pathobiology. Although the molecular cloning and characterization of hookworm ES products began 25 years ago, the biological role and molecular nature of many of them are still unclear. Hookworm ES products, with distinct structures and functions, have been linked to many essential events in the disease pathogenesis. These events include host invasion and tissue migration, parasite nourishment and reproduction, and immune modulation. Several of these products represent promising vaccine targets for controlling hookworm disease and therapeutic targets for many inflammatory diseases. This review aims to summarize our present knowledge about hookworm ES products, including their role in parasite biology, host-parasite interactions, and as vaccine and pharmaceutical targets and to identify research gaps and future research directions in this field.

5.
Korean J Parasitol ; 58(1): 73-79, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145731

RESUMO

Echinostoma revolutum is a zoonotic food-borne intestinal trematode that can cause intestinal bleeding, enteritis, and diarrhea in human and birds. To identify a suspected E. revolutum trematode from a red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis) and to reveal the genetic characteristics of its mitochondrial (mt) genome, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and complete mt genome sequence of this trematode were amplified. The results identified the trematode as E. revolutum. Its entire mt genome sequence was 15,714 bp in length, including 12 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and one non-coding region (NCR), with 61.73% A+T base content and a significant AT preference. The length of the 22 tRNA genes ranged from 59 bp to 70 bp, and their secondary structure showed the typical cloverleaf and D-loop structure. The length of the large subunit of rRNA (rrnL) and the small subunit of rRNA (rrnS) gene was 1,011 bp and 742 bp, respectively. Phylogenetic trees showed that E. revolutum and E. miyagawai clustered together, belonging to Echinostomatidae with Hypoderaeum conoideum. This study may enrich the mitochondrial gene database of Echinostoma trematodes and provide valuable data for studying the molecular identification and phylogeny of some digenean trematodes.

6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112767, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199989

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The abnormal increase in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is widely accepted as the pivotal process in the vascular remodeling of hypertension. Qingda granule (QDG) is simplified from Qingxuan Jiangya Decoction (QXJYD) which has been in usage for a long time as a traditional Chinese medicine formula to treat hypertension based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. However, its underlying molecular mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. AIM OF STUDY: To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of QDG in the attenuation of elevation of blood pressure and proliferation of VSMCs in vivo and in vitro and explore its possible mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo, we established an angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ)-mediated hypertension model in C57BL/6 mice and orally administered 1.145 g/kg/day of QDG. The systolic and diastolic blood pressures of all mice were measured at the end of the treatment by using the tail-cuff plethysmograph method and CODA™ noninvasive blood pressure system. VSMC proliferation within the aorta was determined by immunohistochemistry. In vitro, primary rat VSMCs were cultured to further verify the effects of QDG on Ang Ⅱ induced VSMC proliferation. Cell proliferation was investigated using cell counting and MTT assays. The protein expression was determined by western blotting. RESULTS: We found that oral administration of QDG significantly attenuated the elevation of blood pressure and proliferation of VSMCs in Ang Ⅱ-induced hypertensive mice. Moreover, QDG remarkably inhibited Ang Ⅱ-induced primary rat VSMCs proliferation and decreased mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and PI3K/AKT activity by attenuating the expression of phospho-extracellular signaling-regulated kinase 1/2, phospho-p38, phospho-c-Jun N-terminal kinase and phospho-protein kinase B. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings suggest that QDG attenuates Ang Ⅱ-induced elevation of blood pressure and proliferation of VSMCs through a decrease in the activation of MAPK and PI3K/AKT pathways. Based on this study, we postulate this could be one of the mechanisms whereby QDG effectively controls hypertension.

7.
Biochem Cell Biol ; : 1-9, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207314

RESUMO

In this study we investigated the regulatory role of cell-migration-inducing and hyaluronan-binding protein (CEMIP) in the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The mRNA and protein levels of CEMIP were upregulated in the plasma samples from patients with atherosclerosis, and in VSMCs stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), compared with plasma from healthy subjects and untreated VSMCs. Silencing CEMIP suppressed PDGF-BB-induced cell migration and proliferation in VSMCs, as determined using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assays, 5-ethynyl-2'-deocyuridine (EDU) assays, flow cytometry, wound healing assays, and Transwell assays. Overexpression of CEMIP promoted the proliferation and migration of VSMCs via activation of the Wnt-ß-catenin signaling pathway and the upregulation of its target genes, including matrix metalloproteinase-2, matrix metalloproteinase-7, cyclin D1, and c-myc, whereas CEMIP deficiency showed the opposite effects. The knockdown of CEMIP in ApoE-/- mice by intravenous injection of lentiviral vector expressing si-CEMIP protected against high-fat-diet-induced atherosclerosis, as shown by the reduced aortic lesion areas, aortic sinus lesion areas, and the concentration of blood lipids compared with mice normally expressing CEMIP. These results demonstrated that CEMIP regulates the proliferation and migration of VSMCs in atherosclerosis by activating the WNT-ß-catenin signaling pathway, which suggests the therapeutic potential of CEMIP for the management of atherosclerosis.

8.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207605

RESUMO

Untargeted metabolomics based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry is affected by nonlinear batch effects, which cover up biological effects, result in nonreproducibility, and are difficult to be calibrate. In this study, we propose a novel deep learning model, called Normalization Autoencoder (NormAE), which is based on nonlinear autoencoders (AEs) and adversarial learning. An additional classifier and ranker are trained to provide adversarial regularization during the training of the AE model, latent representations are extracted by the encoder, and then the decoder reconstructs the data without batch effects. The NormAE method was tested on two real metabolomics data sets. After calibration by NormAE, the quality control samples (QCs) for both data sets gathered most closely in a PCA score plot (average distances decreased from 56.550 and 52.476 to 7.383 and 14.075, respectively) and obtained the highest average correlation coefficients (from 0.873 and 0.907 to 0.997 for both). Additionally, NormAE significantly improved biomarker discovery (median number of differential peaks increased from 322 and 466 to 1140 and 1622, respectively). NormAE was compared with four commonly used batch effect removal methods. The results demonstrated that using NormAE produces the best calibration results.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138333

RESUMO

The application of nanoparticles (NPs) in industry is on the rise, along with the potential for human exposure. While the toxicity of microscale equivalents has been studied, nanoscale materials exhibit different properties and bodily uptake, which limits the prediction ability of microscale models. Here, we examine the cytotoxicity of seven transition metal oxide NPs in the fourth period of the periodic table of the chemical elements. We hypothesized that NP-mediated cytotoxicity is a function of cell killing and suppression of cell proliferation. To test our hypothesis, transition metal oxide NPs were tested in a human lung cancer cell model (A549). Cells were exposed to a series of concentrations of TiO2, Cr2O3, Mn2O3, Fe2O3, NiO, CuO, or ZnO for either 24 or 48 h. All NPs aside from Cr2O3 and Fe2O3 showed a time- and dose-dependent decrease in viability. All NPs significantly inhibited cellular proliferation. The trend of cytotoxicity was in parallel with that of proliferative inhibition. Toxicity was ranked according to severity of cellular responses, revealing a strong correlation between viability, proliferation, and apoptosis. Cell cycle alteration was observed in the most toxic NPs, which may have contributed to promoting apoptosis and suppressing cell division rate. Collectively, our data support the hypothesis that cell killing and cell proliferative inhibition are essential independent variables in NP-mediated cytotoxicity.

10.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129396

RESUMO

Phonon-assisted single-photon upconversion, which was not previously reported in organic materials, has been demonstrated in the 6-pentaceneone crystal through the linear pumping power dependent anti-Stokes photoluminescence (ASPL), nanoseconds PL lifetime and quenched ASPL at low temperature. Furthermore, the 6-pentaceneone crystal can be mechanically exfoliated to ultrathin flakes and it exhibits thickness-dependent photoluminescence.

11.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 2861-2869, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218840

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus × protein (HBx) serves an important role in the pathogenesis of the hepatitis B virus infection. Previous studies have reported that the interaction between HBx and hepatocyte mitochondria is an important factor leading to liver cell injury and apoptosis, ultimately inducing the formation of liver cancer. In the present study, a mouse model expressing HBx was constructed using hydrodynamic in vivo transfection based on the interaction between HBx and cytochrome c oxidase (COX) subunit III. The specific mechanism of HBx-induced oxidative stress in mouse hepatocytes and the subsequent effect on mitochondrial function and inflammatory injury was assessed. The results demonstrated that HBx reduced the activity of COX and the expression of superoxide dismutase and upregulated the expression of malondialdehyde, NF-κB and phospho-AKT, thus increasing oxidative stress. In addition, HBx induced an increase in interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß and IL-18 expression levels, which created an inflammatory microenvironment in the liver, further promoting hepatocyte inflammatory injury. Therefore, it was proposed that HBx may affect hepatocyte mitochondrial respiration by reducing the activity of cytochrome c oxidase, leading to mitochondrial dysfunction and inducing hepatocyte inflammation and injury.

12.
J Asthma ; : 1-10, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114839

RESUMO

Introduction: The elevation of T helper (Th)17 cell frequencies and the imbalance of Th17/regulatory T (Treg) cells occur in asthma pathogenesis. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is a cardinal feature of asthma, and Th17 responses can promote AHR. We hypothesized that changes in Th17 cells and the Th17/Treg ratio correlate with AHR in asthmatic children.Methods: Twenty asthmatic children and twenty healthy children were included in the study. The peak expiratory flow (PEF) % pred, forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) % pred and the FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio were measured in all subjects. Methacholine challenge test (MCT) was performed in asthmatic children. Flow cytometric analysis was used to determine the proportions of Th17 and Treg cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. ELISA was used to assess serum levels of interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-10.Results: Th17 cell frequencies (2.272 ± 0.207% in asthmatics, 1.193 ± 0.131% in controls, P < 0.01) and Th17/Treg ratios (0.371 ± 0.0387 in asthmatics, 0.183 ± 0.020 in controls, P < 0.01) were significantly increased in asthmatic children compared to controls. In asthmatic children, the MCT grade had positive correlations with the Th17 cell frequencies [r = 0.718, P < 0.01], serum IL-17A level [r = 0.753, P < 0.01] and Th17/Treg ratio [r = 0.721, P < 0.01], while the log10PD20-FEV1 value was negatively correlated with the Th17 cell frequencies [r = -0.654, P < 0.01], serum IL-17A level [r = -0.652, P < 0.01] and Th17/Treg ratio [r = -0.625, P < 0.01].Conclusion: Th17 cell, IL-17A and Th17/Treg ratio were positively correlated with AHR in asthmatic children. It may be helpful to monitor Th17 cells and the Th17/Treg ratio as indicators of AHR in clinical practice.

13.
Future Oncol ; 16(10): 573-584, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141309

RESUMO

Aim: To establish and validate a nomogram for the estimation of overall survival of patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma (uLMS). Methods: Information on patients diagnosed as uLMS was retrospectively retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The patients were randomly assigned into the training and the validation cohorts. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the independent prognostic factors for building a nomogram for predicting overall survival. The predictive accuracy was evaluated based on the concordance indices and the calibration plots. Results: A nomogram that combined age, marital status, tumor size, Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result stage, surgery and radiation was established. The internal and external concordance indices were 0.748 and 0.745, respectively. The calibration plots approached 45 degrees. Conclusion: The nomogram might be an effective tool for predicting the survival of patients with uLMS.

14.
Environ Pollut ; 261: 114162, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078881

RESUMO

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a plasticizer that is mainly used in the production of polyvinyl alcohol-containing chloride products, has attracted attention due to potential threats to human health and the environment. Nevertheless, knowledge of DEHP-induced nephrotoxicity is still limited. To explore the mechanism of DEHP-induced nephrotoxicity, quail were treated with 0, 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg DEHP by oral gavage for 45 days. Based on the results of histopathological analysis, DEHP exposure induced a disorganized renal structure, a partially dilated glomerulus and an atrophied Bowman's space. Renal tubular epithelial cells were unclear, and swelling of columnar epithelial cells was observed, suggesting that DEHP exposure caused renal disease and renal injury. Notably, DEHP interfered with the homeostasis of cytochrome P450 systems (CYP450s) by increasing the activities or contents of CYP450s (total CYP450, Cyt b5, ERND, APND, AH and NCR). The expression levels of certain CYP450 isoforms (CYP1A, CYP1B, CYP2C, CYP2D, CYP2J and CYP3A) were significantly downregulated in the kidney in DEHP-treated quail. Furthermore, DEHP induced the expression of nuclear receptors (AHR, CAR and PXR) in a dose-dependent manner. The results of this study suggested that DEHP-induced nephrotoxicity in quail was associated with the induction of nuclear xenobiotic receptor (NXR) responses and interference with CYP450 homeostasis. In conclusion, all data indicated that DEHP induced nephrotoxicity by triggering NXRs and modulating the cytochrome P450 system. The results of this study provide a new basis for understanding the nephrotoxicity of DEHP.

15.
Metabolomics ; 16(3): 29, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32095917

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains an incurable disease. Previous metabolomic studies show that metabolic signatures in plasma distinguish CRC patients from healthy controls. Chronic enteritis (CE) represents a risk factor for CRC, with a 20 fold greater incidence than in healthy individuals. However, no studies have performed metabolomic profiling to investigate CRC biomarkers in CE. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to identify metabolomic signatures in CRC and CE and to search for blood-derived metabolite biomarkers distinguishing CRC from CE, especially early-stage biomarkers. METHODS: In this case-control study, 612 subjects were prospectively recruited between May 2015 and May 2016, and including 539 CRC patients (stage I, 102 cases; stage II, 259 cases; stage III, 178 cases) and 73 CE patients. Untargeted metabolomics was performed to identify CRC-related metabolic signatures in CE. RESULTS: Five pathways were significantly enriched based on 153 differential metabolites between CRC and CE. 16 biomarkers were identified for diagnosis of CRC from CE and for guiding CRC staging. The AUC value for CRC diagnosis in the external validation set was 0.85. Good diagnostic performances were also achieved for early-stage CRC (stage I and stage II), with an AUC value of 0.84. The biomarker panel could also stage CRC patients, with an AUC of 0.72 distinguishing stage I from stage II CRC and AUC of 0.74 distinguishing stage II from stage III CRC. CONCLUSIONS: The identified metabolic biomarkers exhibit promising properties for CRC monitoring in CE patients and are superior to commonly used clinical biomarkers (CEA and CA19-9).

16.
J Mol Biol ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105730

RESUMO

Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), such as lncRNAs, circRNAs and pri-miRNAs, play important roles in physiological and pathological processes. Recently, it was demonstrated that they could encode proteins or peptides. However, relevant information is scattered across numerous published articles, which is inconvenient for the exploration of ncRNA translation by researchers. In this study, we presented an ncEP database, which records the low-throughput experimentally validated (LTEV) proteins or peptides encoded by ncRNAs, from published articles. Collectively, ncEP contains 80 entries including 74 proteins or peptides, 22 lncRNAs, 11 circRNAs, 9 pri-miRNAs and 37 other ncRNAs across 18 species from more than 50 articles of over 2000 candidate articles. We have provided a user-friendly interface for users to search, browse, visualize, download and submit data. In summary, ncEP provides a relatively comprehensive repository of the LTEV proteins or peptides encoded by ncRNAs and will enrich the knowledge for translation process. ncEP is freely available at http://www.jianglab.cn/ncEP/.

17.
Cancer Invest ; 38(3): 158-168, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073913

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have reported mixed results regarding the composition of respiratory microbiota in lung cancer patients. Therefore, relying on previously published studies, we sought to estimate the relative proportion of respiratory microbiota between lung cancer cases and controls.Methods: MEDLINE, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science online databases were systematically searched from inception up to October 14, 2019, to retrieve relevant studies. The relative abundance of each predominant taxon of respiratory microbiota in lung cancer patients and controls was pooled using the reported outcome data.Results: A total of 8 studies comprising 530 participants were included in the final analysis. The pooled phylum level analysis revealed that Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria were the most abundant bacterial phyla among all participants, recording 17.5%, 47.5% in lung cancer patients, 28.2%, 39.27% in patients with benign pulmonary diseases and 40.62%, 32.09% in healthy controls, respectively. In addition, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes phyla were abundant in lung cancer cases compared to other groups (14.8%, 17.62% for lung cancer versus 13.04%, 13.16% for benign pulmonary nodules and 12.43%, 12.45% for healthy controls). At genus level, Prevotella was predominant in all the participants, and its proportion was relatively lower in cancer patients (25.74% for lung cancer versus 35.59% and 36.75% for benign pulmonary nodules and healthy controls, respectively). Comparatively, Streptococcus was more abundant in lung cancer cases (9.65% in lung cancer versus 7.98%, 7.26% in benign pulmonary nodules and healthy controls).Conclusions: The respiratory microbiota composition of respiratory microbiota significantly differs between lung cancer patients and healthy individuals, and may be used as potential biomarker of lung cancer. In addition, larger sample size, standardized procedures, dynamic monitoring, metabolomics, and culturomics are needed to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Disbiose/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/microbiologia , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tamanho da Amostra , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030808

RESUMO

The tumor immune microenvironment is heterogeneous, and its impact on treatment responses is not well understood. It is still a challenge to analyze the interaction between malignant cells and the tumor microenvironment to apply suitable immunotherapy in lung adenocarcinoma. We performed the nonnegative matrix factorization method to 513 messenger RNA expression profiles of lung adenocarcinomas (LUADs) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) to obtain an immune-related expression pattern. Subsequently, we characterized the immune-related gene signatures and clinical and survival characteristics. We used 576 patients from Gene Expression Omnibus to confirm our findings. Of the patients in the training cohort, 51% had a high immune enrichment score, high expression of immune cell signaling, cytolytic activity, and interferon (IFN)-related signatures (all P < .05). We denoted these as the Immune Class. We further subdivided the Immune Class into two subclasses based on the tumor microenvironment. These were denoted the Active Immune Class and Exhausted Immune Class. The former showed significant IFN, T-cells, M1 macrophage signatures, and better prognosis (all P < .05), while the latter presented an exhausted immune response with activated stromal enrichment, M2 macrophage signatures, and immunosuppressive factors such as WNT/transforming growth factor-ß (all P < .05). Furthermore, we predicted the response of our immunophenotypes to immunological checkpoint inhibitors (P < .05). Our findings provide a novel insight into the immune-related state of LUAD and can identify the patients who will be receptive to suitable immunotherapeutic treatments.

19.
Reprod Sci ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046467

RESUMO

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is one of the major pelvic floor disorders affecting postmenopausal women. To investigate the lncRNA and mRNA expression profiling of SUI in postmenopausal women, we used a microarray analysis to examine the differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in the periurethral vaginal wall of postmenopausal women with SUI. A total of 8840 lncRNAs and 7102 mRNAs were dysregulated in the two groups (absolute fold change ≥ 2 and P < 0.05). The expression levels of five randomly selected lncRNAs and mRNAs were validated by quantitative real-time PCR. A functional analysis revealed that several lncRNAs are involved in the lysosome pathway associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. In addition, we also found several mRNAs involved in fibroblast pseudopodia formation, fibroblast growth, and the regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation in the urinary tract. Our study offers essential data regarding differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs and may provide new potential candidates for the study of SUI.

20.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090279

RESUMO

A novel strategy of variable selection approach named dynamic backward interval partial least squares-competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (DBiPLS-CARS) was proposed in this study. Near-infrared data sets of three different agro-products, namely corn, crop processing lamina, and plant leaf samples, were collected to investigate the performance of the proposed method. Weak relevant variables were first removed by DBiPLS and a refined selection of the remaining variables was then conducted by CARS. The Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination (MCUVE) was used as a classical beforehand uninformative variable elimination method for comparison. Results showed that DBiPLS can select informative variables more continuously than MCUVE. Some synergistic variables which may be omitted by MCUVE can be retained by DBiPLS. By contrast, MCUVE can hardly avoid the disturbance of certain weak relevant variables as a result of its calculation based on the full spectrum regression. Therefore, DBiPLS exhibited the advantage of removing the weak relevant variables before CARS, and simultaneously improved the prediction performance of CARS.

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