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1.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732302

RESUMO

The 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) were established by the United Nations Agenda 2030 plan of action to achieve peace, prosperity, and well-being for all by 2030. SDG 3 aims to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. However, oral health is not specifically mentioned and targeted in SDG 3. Numerous studies have demonstrated a connection between oral health and general health. Oral disease and the common non-communicable diseases have the co-existing modifying risk factors. In addition, oral health is associated with social, economic, cultural, and environmental problems. By the implementation of oral health care, oral health promotion, and universal health coverage, these could not only be good for oral health but also benefit for general health and well-being. Taken together, oral health is the first step to SDG 3.

2.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(9)2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579222

RESUMO

PURPOSES: To explore the associated factors of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and examine psychometric properties of the coronavirus-related health literacy questionnaire (HLS-COVID-Q22) and Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy questionnaire. METHODS: An online survey was conducted from 23 June to 16 July 2021 on 387 school principals across Taiwan. Data collection included socio-demographic characteristics, information related to work, physical and mental health, COVID-19 related perceptions, sense of coherence, coronavirus-related health literacy, and vaccine hesitancy. Principal component analysis, correlation analysis, linear regression models were used for validating HLS-COVID-Q22, Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy, and examining the associations. RESULTS: HLS-COVID-Q22 and Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy were found with satisfactory construct validity (items loaded on one component with factor loading values range 0.57 to 0.81, and 0.51 to 0.78), satisfactory convergent validity (item-scale correlations range 0.60 to 0.79, and 0.65 to 0.74), high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.96 and 0.90), and without floor or ceiling effects (percentages of possibly lowest score and highest score <15%), respectively. Low scores of vaccine hesitancy were found in male principals (regression coefficient, B, -0.69; 95% confidence interval, 95%CI, -1.29, -0.10; p = 0.023), principals with better well-being (B, -0.25; 95%CI, -0.47, -0.03; p = 0.029), and higher HLS-COVID-Q22 (B, -1.22; 95%CI, -1.89, -0.54; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: HLS-COVID-Q22 and Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy were valid and reliable tools. Male principals and those with better well-being, and higher health literacy had a lower level of vaccine hesitancy. Improving principals' health literacy and well-being is suggested to be a strategic approach to increase vaccine acceptance for themselves, their staff, and students.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension and periodontal diseases share several risk factors. Inflammation biomarkers in saliva are related to hypertension and periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to explore the role of the salivary inflammatory biomarkers in the treatment effectiveness of patients with hypertension and periodontal disease. METHODS: This observational study enrolled 160 subjects diagnosed with periodontitis, 40 of which had a history of hypertension. All subjects had completed scaling and root planning therapeutic procedures within four weeks. The clinical periodontal parameters (i.e., bleeding on probing, plaque control record (PCR), and probing depth (PD)) were evaluated before and after the treatment. Pro-inflammatory markers were determined using a commercial kit. RESULTS: The recovery rate (PD 4-9 mm) in non-hypertensive subjects was significantly higher than in hypertensive subjects (60.47% vs. 52.60%, respectively; p = 0.04). All clinical parameters, excluding PCR, positively correlated with salivary IL-1ß at baseline and after completing treatment. Our results showed that increased salivary IL-1ß levels were positively associated with decreased PCR (ß = -27.65 and p = 0.05) and PD recovery rate (ß = -17.05 and p = 0.02) in hypertensive subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The present study sheds important light on the clinical use of salivary pro-inflammatory cytokines as valuable biomarkers for predicting the treatment effectiveness of patients suffering from hypertension and periodontitis.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Doenças Periodontais , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Saliva , Fumar , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183221

RESUMO

Recently, the patient-centered and comprehensive dental treatment are emphasized as the same important competency as traditional clinical skill training in dental education. It is a silver lining to reorganize current dental education and redefine the role of dentistry to dentist, patient, and society. Narrative medicine has emerged as a variant from medical humanities and takes inspiration from philosophy, literature, poetry, art, ethics, and social sciences. Narrative medicine adds humanistic care with empathy and listening to patients in daily care. In this article, we introduce the definition of narrative medicine, the concept of narrative dentistry, implementation of narrative medicine into dental education, and challenges in initiating narrative dentistry. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, it also affords the opportunity to initiate narrative medicine into dental education, dentist could emerge to heal patient holistically, but not simply eliminate oral diseases.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(7)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807391

RESUMO

Salivary levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) are elevated in patients with periodontitis. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) improves the periodontal status in subjects. However, whether CAPE can reduce IL-8 expression is unclear. We collected saliva to determine proinflammatory cytokine levels and used subgingival calculus and surrounding tissues from patients with periodontitis for oral microbiota analysis via 16s ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. THP-1 cells were stimulated with sterile-filtered saliva from patients, and target gene/protein expression was assessed. IL-8 mRNA expression was analyzed in saliva-stimulated THP-1 cells treated with CAPE and the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitor tin-protoporphyrin (SnPP). In 72 symptomatic individuals, IL-8 was correlated with periodontal inflammation (bleeding on probing, r = 0.45; p < 0.001) and disease severity (bleeding on probing, r = 0.45; p < 0.001) but not with the four oral microbiota species tested. Reduced salivary IL-8 secretion was correlated with effective periodontitis treatment (r = 0.37, p = 0.0013). In THP-1 cells, saliva treatment induced high IL-8 expression and IKK2 and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) phosphorylation. However, the IKK inhibitor BMS-345541, NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082, and CAPE attenuated saliva-induced IL-8 expression. CAPE induced HO-1 expression and inhibited IKK2, IκBα, and NF-κB phosphorylation. Blocking HO-1 decreased the anti-inflammatory activity of CAPE. The targeted suppression of IL-8 production using CAPE reduces inflammation and periodontitis.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacologia , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Álcool Feniletílico/análogos & derivados , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ácidos Cafeicos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas I-kappa B/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-8/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Periodontite/imunologia , Periodontite/metabolismo , Álcool Feniletílico/metabolismo , Álcool Feniletílico/farmacologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Saliva/química , Células THP-1
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671172

RESUMO

Migraine is considered to be a neurovascular disease that manifests as a throbbing headache, possibly caused by the activation of the trigeminovascular system. Several studies have supported the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of migraine. Chronic periodontitis (CP) is an infectious inflammatory disease triggered by bacterial products evoking an immune response which could result in the destruction of the periodontium. However, little is known about the longitudinal association between CP and migraine. In this study, we designed a nationwide population-based cohort study to investigate the risk of migraine and CP exposure in Taiwan. In total, 68,282 patients with CP were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), and 68,282 comparisons were randomly captured and matched by age, sex, monthly income, urbanization and comorbidities. The association between CP exposure and migraine risk was evaluated by Cox proportional hazards regression models. In this study, 785 migraine patients were identified in the CP cohort, and 641 migraine cases were found in the non-CP cohort. The incidence rate of migraine was significantly higher in the CP cohort than the non-CP cohort (adjusted HR: 1.21, 95% CI: 1.09-1.34, p < 0.001) during the 13-year follow-up period. Females had a 2.69-fold higher risk for migraine than males (95% CI: 2.38-3.04, p < 0.001). In summary, CP is associated with an increased risk of subsequent migraine in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Periodontite Crônica/complicações , Periodontite Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/complicações , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429260

RESUMO

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a psychiatric mood disturbance manifested by manic, hypomanic, or major depressive periods. Chronic inflammation was evidenced as an important etiologic factor of BD. Chronic periodontitis (CP) is an inflammatory disease triggered by bacterial products, leading to the destruction of periodontium. The relationship between BD and CP is of interest to investigate. Therefore, a nationwide population-based cohort study was used to investigate the risk of BD and CP exposure from 2001 to 2012. We identified 61,608 patients with CP from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). The 123,216 controls were randomly captured and matched by age, sex, index year, and co-morbidities. The association between CP exposure and BD risk was examined by Cox proportional hazards regression models. In this study, 61,608 CP patients and 123,216 controls were followed up for 7.45 and 7.36 years, respectively. In total, 138 BD patients were identified in the CP cohort and 187 BD cases were found in the non-CP cohort. The incidence rate of BD was significantly higher in the CP cohort than in the non-CP cohort (adjusted HR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.17-1.81) according to the multivariate Cox regression analysis. Females had a 1.47-fold increased risk (95% CI: 1.16-1.86) for BD compared to males. Taken together, CP may be associated with an increased risk of subsequent BD in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Periodontite Crônica , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Adulto , Idoso , Transtorno Bipolar/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Periodontite Crônica/complicações , Periodontite Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 201, 2019 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease in which pathogenic infections trigger a series of inflammatory responses and redox regulation. The hypothesis of this study was that a host's redox regulation, as modified by genetic polymorphisms, may affect periodontal disease activities (including the plaque index (PlI), bleeding on probing (BOP), and pocket depth (PD)) during periodontal therapy. METHODS: In total, 175 patients diagnosed with periodontitis were recruited from the Department of Periodontology, Taipei Medical University Hospital. Both saliva samples and clinical measurements (PlI, BOP, and PD) were taken at the baseline and at 1 month after completing treatment. Salivary manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and catalase, and corresponding genetic polymorphisms (MnSOD, T47C, rs4880 and Catalase, C-262 T, rs1001179) were determined. The extent of change (Δ) of MnSOD or catalase was calculated by subtracting the concentration after completing treatment from that at the baseline. RESULTS: Subjects who carried the Catalase CC genotype had significantly higher salivary MnSOD or catalase levels. The MnSOD genotype had a significant effect on the percentage of PDs of 4~9 mm (p = 0.02), and salivary ΔMnSOD had a significant effect on the PlI (p = 0.03). The Catalase genotype had a significant effect on the PlI (p = 0.01~0.04), but the effect was not found for the mean PlI or PD. There was a significant interaction between the MnSOD genotype and salivary ΔMnSOD on PDs of 4~9 mm. After adjusting for gender, years of schooling, smoking status, and alcohol consumption, subjects with ΔMnSOD of < 0 µg/ml or Δcatalase of < 0 µg/ml had significantly higher 5.58- or 5.17-fold responses to scaling and root planing treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The MnSOD T47C genotype interferes with the phenotype of salivary antioxidant level, alters MnSOD levels, and influences the PD recovery. MnSOD and catalase gene polymorphism associated with phenotype expression and susceptibility in periodontal root planing treatment responses.


Assuntos
Catalase/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Doenças Periodontais/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Raspagem Dentária , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo Genético
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30634539

RESUMO

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, wherein endogenous antioxidants help to balance the inflammatory status. Oral health behaviors are related to the periodontal disease status. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between oral health behaviors and endogenous antioxidants in periodontitis patients. In total, 225 subjects diagnosed with periodontitis were enrolled in the study. Information obtained from the initial interview included socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, and oral health-related behaviors. The clinical periodontal parameters evaluated included bleeding on probing (BOP), the plaque index (PI), and probing depth (PD). Stimulated saliva was collected before periodontal therapy to determine five endogenous antioxidants (copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD), manganese SOD (MnSOD), thioredoxin 1 (Trx1), peroxiredoxin 2 (Prx2), and catalase (CAT)). When these five factors were adjusted for in patients whose last previous dental visit was >1 year, the patients' PI, BOP, and PD showed significant decreases because of an elevation in the Cu/Zn SOD level. Associations of endogenous antioxidants with levels of clinical periodontal parameters were much higher in subjects whose last previous dental visit was >1 year, compared to subjects whose last previous dental visit was <1 year. This study provides a better understanding of dental visit patterns and the salivary endogenous antioxidants that may underlie the symptomatic development of preclinical periodontitis.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Visita a Consultório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , Periodontite/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite/patologia , Saliva/química
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11055, 2018 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30038248

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between cigarette use and five salivary oxidative stress biomarkers, copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD), manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), catalase, thioredoxin-1 (TRX1), and peroxiredoxin-2 (PRX2), to assess the effectiveness of non-surgical periodontal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational study,167 patients diagnosed with periodontitis were recruited. Both saliva samples and clinical measurements (plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), and pocket depth (PD)) were taken at baseline and after completing non-surgical periodontal therapy. The Levels of salivary biomarkers were determined using a MILLIPLEX® MAP Human Oxidative Stress Magnetic Bead Panel kit. The overall reductions in PI and BOP were 31.56% and 42.16%, respectively. BOP reduction after treatment in female or male non-smokers was significantly higher than in male former smokers (p < 0.05). After completing non-surgical periodontal therapy, Cu/ZnSOD, MnSOD, catalase, and Prx2 significantly decreased. There was a significant interaction between smoking status and ΔCu/ZnSOD on PI and a significant interaction between smoking status and ΔCatalase on BOP. CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking interferes with redox homeostasis in the body, alters antioxidants levels, and influences the periodontal disease activity.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Doenças Periodontais/metabolismo , Idoso , Feminino , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Periodontais/induzido quimicamente
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 3148137, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29951534

RESUMO

Cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke are well-known risk factors for urothelial carcinoma (UC). We conducted a hospital-based case-control study involving 287 UC cases and 574 cancer-free controls to investigate the joint effects of cigarette smoking and polymorphisms of inflammatory genes on UC risk. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) -308 G/A and interleukin-8 (IL-8) -251 T/A polymorphisms were determined using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. People who had ever smoked and those who were exposed to environmental tobacco smoke had significantly increased UC odds ratios (ORs) of 1.65 and 1.68, respectively. Participants who had smoked more than 18 pack-years had a significantly increased UC OR of 2.64. People who had ever smoked and who carried the A/A genotype of the TNF-α -308 G/A polymorphism had a significantly higher UC OR (10.25) compared to people who had never smoked and who carried the G/G or G/A genotype. In addition, people who had ever smoked and who carried the IL-8 -251 T/T genotype had a significantly increased UC OR (3.08) compared to people who had never smoked and who carried the T/A or A/A genotype. In a combined analysis of three major risk factors (cumulative cigarette smoking, the TNF-α -308 A/A genotype, and the IL-8 -251 T/T genotype), subjects with any one, any two, and all three risk factors experienced significantly increased UC ORs of 1.55, 2.89, and 3.77, respectively, compared to individuals with none of the risk factors. Conclusions. Our results indicate that the combined effects of cumulative cigarette exposure and the TNF-α -308 A/A genotype and/or the IL-8 -251 T/T genotype on UC OR showed a significant dose-response relationship.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-8/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Neoplasias Urológicas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Taiwan
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29642381

RESUMO

Decision tree (DT) analysis was applied in this cross-sectional study to investigate caries experience in children by using clinical and microbiological data obtained from parent-child pairs. Thirty pairs of parents and children were recruited from periodontal and pediatric dental clinics. All participants were clinically examined for caries and periodontitis by a calibrated examiner. Cariogenic and periodontopathic bacteria examinations were conducted. The Kendall rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the association between data variables obtained through clinical and microbiological examinations. A classificatory inductive decision tree was generated using the C4.5 algorithm with the top-down approach. The C4.5 DT analysis was applied to classify major influential factors for children dental caries experience. The DT identified parents' periodontal health classification, decayed, missing, filled permanent teeth (DMFT) index, periodontopathic test (PerioCheck) result, and periodontal pocket depth as the classification factors for children caries experience. 13.3% of children were identified with a low decayed, missing, filled primary teeth (dmft) index (dmft < 3) whose parents had a periodontal pocket depth ≤3.7, PerioCheck score >1, DMFT index <13.5, and periodontal classification >2. The DT model for this study sample had an accuracy of 93.33%. Here, parental periodontal status and parents' DMFT were the factors forming the DT for children's caries experience.


Assuntos
Árvores de Decisões , Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Pais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Dentição Permanente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Streptococcus mutans/isolamento & purificação , Dente Decíduo
14.
J Pineal Res ; 64(3)2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29274168

RESUMO

Periodontitis (PD) is an inflammatory disease characterized by gingival inflammation and resorption of alveolar bone. Impaired receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand/osteoprotegerin (RANKL/OPG) signaling caused by enhanced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of PD. Considering melatonin possesses significant anti-inflammatory property, this study aimed to determine whether prophylactic treatment with melatonin would effectively normalize RANKL/OPG signaling, depress toll-like receptor 4/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (TLR4/MyD88)-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine activation, and successfully suppress the pathogenesis of PD. PD was induced in adult rats by placing the ligature at molar subgingival regions. Fourteen days before PD induction, 10, 50, or 100 mg/kg of melatonin was intraperitoneally injected for consecutive 28 days. Biochemical and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect TLR4/MyD88 activity, RANKL, OPG, interleukin 1ß, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels, respectively. The extent of bone loss, bone mineral intensity, and calcium intensity was further evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, micro-computed tomography, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Results indicated that high RANKL/OPG ratio, TLR4/MyD88 activity, and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels were detected following PD. Impaired biochemical findings paralleled well with severe bone loss and reduced calcium intensity. However, in rats pretreated with melatonin, all above parameters were successfully returned to nearly normal levels with maximal change observed in rats receiving 100 mg/kg. As prophylactic treatment with melatonin effectively normalizes RANKL/OPG signaling by depressing TLR4/MyD88-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine production, dietary supplement with melatonin may serve as an advanced strategy to strengthen oral health to counteract PD-induced destructive damage.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Melatonina/farmacologia , Periodontite/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Masculino , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Osteoprotegerina/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição/métodos , Ligante RANK/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptor 4 Toll-Like
15.
PLoS One ; 11(3): e0151605, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26986841

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess relationships among periodontal conditions, salivary antioxidant levels, and patients' satisfaction with their prostheses. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Division of Prosthodontics, Department of Dentistry, Taipei Medical University Hospital. The periodontal condition of patients was based on an assessment of the plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI). The pH value, flow rate, and buffer capacity of the saliva were estimated. The salivary total antioxidant status (TAS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) level were also determined. Patients' satisfaction with prosthetic treatments was evaluated using the Chinese version of the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14C). A multivariate regression model was used to determine whether patients' satisfaction with prosthetic treatment was affected by their oral health status. RESULTS: In total, 35 edentulous patients were recruited. In the Spearman correlation analysis, salivary pH (r = -0.36, p = 0.03) and the buffer ability (r = -0.48, p<0.01) were associated with OHIP-14C scores. In the multivariate analysis, patients who had a higher GI also had a higher score of physical disabilities (ß = 1.38, p = 0.04). Levels of SOD increased with the scores of psychological discomfort (ß = 0.33 U/g protein, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that both the GI and SOD levels were associated with patients' satisfaction with prosthetic treatments. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to elucidate the relationship between OHIP scores and salivary oxidative markers in edentulous patients.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Prótese Total/psicologia , Boca Edêntula/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Saliva/química , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Boca Edêntula/terapia , Índice Periodontal , Projetos Piloto , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2015: 289647, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25884025

RESUMO

Proinflammatory cytokines are key inflammatory mediators in periodontitis. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between proinflammatory cytokines in saliva and periodontal status. To investigate the usefulness of cytokines in the therapeutic approach for periodontal disease, the relationship between stimulated cytokine changes and the periodontitis treatment outcome was investigated in this study. Saliva was obtained from 22 patients diagnosed by dentists as having chronic periodontitis. The proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin-1α (IL-1α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and tumor necrosis factor ß (TNF-ß)) levels were determined using a commercially available kit. The IL-1ß and IL-6 levels increased, whereas the TNF-ß levels decreased with the severity of periodontitis (4 mm pocket percentage). Poststimulation IL-1α, IL-6, and IL-8 levels were higher in patients who had an improved treatment outcome. The differences of IL-6 levels (cut point: 0.05 µg/g) yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 90.0% and 81.82%, respectively, for predicting the periodontitis treatment outcome. Among the proinflammatory cytokines, stimulated IL-6 was an excellent marker for predicting the periodontitis treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Periodontite/metabolismo , Periodontite/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Saliva/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2015: 492683, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25884030

RESUMO

One of the causes of dental pulpitis is lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced inflammatory response. Following pulp tissue inflammation, odontoblasts, dental pulp cells (DPCs), and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) will activate and repair damaged tissue to maintain homeostasis. However, when LPS infection is too serious, dental repair is impossible and disease may progress to irreversible pulpitis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether static magnetic field (SMF) can attenuate inflammatory response of dental pulp cells challenged with LPS. In methodology, dental pulp cells were isolated from extracted teeth. The population of DPSCs in the cultured DPCs was identified by phenotypes and multilineage differentiation. The effects of 0.4 T SMF on DPCs were observed through MTT assay and fluorescent anisotropy assay. Our results showed that the SMF exposure had no effect on surface markers or multilineage differentiation capability. However, SMF exposure increases cell viability by 15%. In addition, SMF increased cell membrane rigidity which is directly related to higher fluorescent anisotropy. In the LPS-challenged condition, DPCs treated with SMF demonstrated a higher tolerance to LPS-induced inflammatory response when compared to untreated controls. According to these results, we suggest that 0.4 T SMF attenuates LPS-induced inflammatory response to DPCs by changing cell membrane stability.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Campos Magnéticos , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Polarização de Fluorescência , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Coloração e Rotulagem
18.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2014: 814671, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25538964

RESUMO

AIM: Our goal was to investigate associations among scaling-stimulated changes in salivary antioxidants, oral-health-related behaviors and attitudes, and periodontal treatment outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty periodontitis patients with at least 6 pockets with pocket depths of >5 mm and more than 16 functional teeth were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into three groups: an abandoned group (AB group), a nonprogress outcome group (NP group), and an effective treatment group (ET group). Nonstimulated saliva was collected before and after scaling were received to determine superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the total antioxidant capacity (TAOC). RESULTS: Salivary SOD following scaling significantly increased from 83.09 to 194.30 U/g protein in patients who had irregular dental visit patterns (<1 visit per year). After scaling, the TAOC was significantly higher in patients who had regular dental visits than in patients who had irregular dental visits (3.52 versus 0.70 mmole/g protein, P < 0.01). The scaling-stimulated increase in SOD was related to a higher severity of periodontitis in the NP group, while the scaling-stimulated increase in the TAOC was inversely related to the severity of periodontitis in the AB group. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate the importance of scaling-stimulated salivary antioxidants as prognostic biomarkers of periodontal treatment.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/terapia
19.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2014: 745802, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25541625

RESUMO

Antrodia camphorata is a rare Taiwanese medicinal mushroom. Antrodia camphorata extract has been reported to exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammation, antimetastasis, and anticancer activities and plays a role in liver fibrosis, vasorelaxation, and immunomodulation. Critical vascular inflammation leads to vascular dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases, including abdominal aortic aneurysms, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. Platelet activation plays a crucial role in intravascular thrombosis, which is involved in a wide variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of Antrodia camphorata on platelet activation remains unclear. We examined the effects of Antrodia camphorata on platelet activation. In the present study, Antrodia camphorata treatment (56-224 µg/mL) inhibited platelet aggregation induced by collagen, but not U46619, an analogue of thromboxane A2, thrombin, and arachidonic acid. Antrodia camphorata inhibited collagen-induced calcium (Ca(2+)) mobilization and phosphorylation of protein kinase C (PKC) and Akt. In addition, Antrodia camphorata significantly reduced the aggregation and phosphorylation of PKC in phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu) activated platelets. In conclusion, Antrodia camphorata may inhibit platelet activation by inhibiting of Ca(2+) and PKC cascade and the Akt pathway. Our study suggests that Antrodia camphorata may be a potential therapeutic agent for preventing or treating thromboembolic disorders.


Assuntos
Antrodia/química , Plaquetas/enzimologia , Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Misturas Complexas/farmacologia , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Plaquetas/patologia , Misturas Complexas/química , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Trombose/enzimologia
20.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 74: 60-7, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25241017

RESUMO

The goal of the present study was to compare the arsenic methylation capacities in elementary school and junior high school students in an area of Taiwan with low arsenic exposure, and explore the influence of both arsenic methylation capacity and obesity on insulin resistance in these children and adolescents using the HOMA-IR index. We recruited 303 elementary school students and 319 junior high school students in Taipei City from September 2007 to November 2011. Concentrations of inorganic arsenic (arsenite + arsenate), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA(V)) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)) were determined by a high-performance liquid chromatography-linked hydride generator and atomic absorption spectrometry. Insulin resistance was determined by HOMA-IR. Elementary school students had significantly lower inorganic arsenic percentage and a higher DMA(V) percentage than junior high school students. It seems that the former had better arsenic methylation capability than the latter. The HOMA-IR value was significantly and positively related to the sum of the urinary inorganic and methylated arsenic (TotalAs) concentrations and also the BMI Z score, with the regression coefficients (ß) being 0.058 (p < 0.001) and 0.001 (p = 0.027), respectively. The higher BMI values and higher TotalAs concentration were associated with higher HOMA-IR values in children and adolescents in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Arsênico/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Obesidade Pediátrica/metabolismo , Adolescente , Arseniatos/urina , Intoxicação por Arsênico/complicações , Intoxicação por Arsênico/epidemiologia , Intoxicação por Arsênico/urina , Arsenicais/urina , Arsenitos/urina , Ácido Cacodílico/urina , Criança , Colesterol/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Masculino , Metilação , Obesidade Pediátrica/complicações , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos/sangue
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