Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 160
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(45): 53955-53964, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739211

RESUMO

Tungsten carbide (W2C) has emerged as a potential alternative to noble-metal catalysts toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) owing to its Pt-like electronic configuration. However, unsatisfactory activity, dilatory electron transfer, and inefficient synthesizing methods, especially for nanoscale particles, have severely hindered its large-scale applications. Herein, a novel heterostructure composed of W2C and tungsten phosphide (WP) embedded in nitrogen-decorated carbon (W2C/WP@NC) was constructed as an efficient HER electrocatalyst. The as-prepared W2C/WP@NC catalyst exhibits remarkable electrocatalytic activity and robust durability toward HER both in acids and bases. More notably, the W2C/WP@NC catalyst demonstrates low overpotentials of 116.37 and 196.2 mV to afford a current density of 10 mA cm-2 and reveals slight potential decays of about 6.4 and 7.64% over 12 h continuous operation in bases and acids, respectively. The overall water-splitting performance was further evaluated using the W2C/WP@NC catalyst as the cathode and commercial RuO2 as the anode in an electrolyzer, which can realize an overall current density of 10 mA cm-2 and maintain long durability of more than 12 h with a small cell voltage of 1.723 V. This work opens up new opportunities for exploring cost-efficient electrocatalysts in sustainable energy conversion.

2.
Nano Lett ; 21(21): 9325-9331, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677073

RESUMO

Rare-earth (RE) solid-state halide electrolytes have been extensively studied recently in the field of lithium (Li) ion all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) due to their excellent electrochemical performances. Herein, a new RE-based solid halide electrolyte Li3HoBr6 (LHB) has been synthesized and exhibits high Li ion conductivity up to mS cm-1 at room temperature. Theoretical calculations have identified four different Li ion migration pathways, in which the out-of-plane pathways are much more favorable than the direct in-plane pathways. In addition, LHB has a wider electrochemical window in comparison to a sulfide solid electrolyte and good deformability. The LHB-based Li-sulfur ASSB assembled by cold pressing can exhibit good cycling stability with high Coulombic efficiency, which shows that LHB has potential application in ASSBs.

3.
Adv Mater ; 33(39): e2006613, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396608

RESUMO

An effective and universal strategy is developed to enhance the stability of the non-noble-metal M-Nx /C catalyst in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) by improving the bonding strength between metal ions and chelating polymers, i.e., poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) homopolymer and poly(acrylic acid-maleic acid) (P(AA-MA)) copolymer with different AA/MA ratios. Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) reveal that the optimal P(AA-MA)-Fe-N catalyst with a higher Fe3+ -polymer binding constant possesses longer FeN bonds and exclusive Fe-N4 /C moiety compared to PAA-Fe-N, which consists of ≈15% low-coordinated Fe-N2 /N3 structures. The optimized P(AA-MA)-Fe-N catalyst exhibits outstanding ORR activity and stability in both half-cell and PEMFC cathodes, with the retention rate of current density approaching 100% for the first 37 h at 0.55 V in an H2 -air fuel cell. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations suggest that the Fe-N4 /C site could optimize the difference between the adsorption energy of the Fe atoms on the support (Ead ) and the bulk cohesive energy (Ecoh ) relative to Fe-N2 /N3 moieties, thereby strongly stabilizing Fe centers against demetalation.

4.
Small ; 17(40): e2101650, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453487

RESUMO

Taking into the consideration safety, environmental impact, and economic issue, the construction of aqueous batteries based on aqueous electrolyte has become an indispensable technical option for large-scale electrical energy storage. The narrow electrochemical window is the main problem of conventional aqueous electrolyte. Here, an economical room-temperature inorganic hydrated molten salt (RTMS) electrolyte with a large electrochemical stability window of 3.1 V is proposed. Compared with organic fluorinated molten salts, RTMS is composed of lithium nitrate hydrate and sodium nitrate with much lower cost. Based on the RTMS electrolyte, a hybrid Li/Na-ion full battery is fabricated from cobalt hexacyanoferrate cathode (NaCoHCF) and perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) anode. The full cell with the RTMS electrolyte exhibits a fantastic performance with high capacity of 139 mAh g-1 at 1 C, 90 mAh g-1 at 20 C, and capacity retention of 94.7% over 500 cycles at 3 C. The excellent performances are contributed to the unique properties of RTMS with a large electrochemical window, solvated H2 O free and high mobility of Li+ , which exhibits excellent Li-ions insertion and extraction capacity of NaCoHCF. This RTMS cell provides a new economic choice for large-scale energy storage.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(32): 38416-38424, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342444

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) with cost-effective and safe features are highly competitive in grid energy storage applications, but plagued by the sluggish Zn2+ diffusion kinetics and poor cyclability of cathodes. Herein, a one-stone-two-birds strategy of La3+ incorporation (La-V2O5) is developed to motivate Zn2+ insertion/extraction kinetics and stabilize vanadium species for V2O5. Theoretical and experimental studies reveal the incorporated La3+ ions in V2O5 can not only serve as pillars to expand the interlayer distance (11.77 Å) and lower the Zn2+ migration energy barrier (0.82 eV) but also offer intermediated level and narrower band gap (0.54 eV), thus accelerating the electron/ion diffusion kinetics. Importantly, the steadily doped La3+ ions effectively stabilize the V-O bonds by shortening the bond length, thereby inhibiting vanadium species dissolution. Therefore, the resulting La-V2O5-ZIBs deliver an exceptional rate capacity of 405 mA h g-1 (0.1 A g-1), long-term stability with 93.8% retention after 5000 cycles (10 A g-1), and extraordinary energy density of 289.3 W h kg-1, outperforming various metal-ions-doped V2O5 cathodes. Moreover, the La-V2O5 pouch cell presents excellent electrochemical performance and impressive flexibility and integration ability. The strategies of incorporating rare-earth-metal ions provide guidance to other well-established aqueous ZIBs cathodes and other advanced electrochemical devices.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(32): 38194-38201, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342445

RESUMO

Lithium loss during the initial charge process inevitably reduces the capacity and energy density of lithium-ion batteries. Cathode additives are favored with respect to their controllable prelithiation degree and scalable application; however, the insulating nature of their delithiation products retards electrode reaction kinetics in subsequent cycles. Herein, we propose a prelithiation separator by modifying a commercial separator with a Li2S/Co nanocomposite to compensate for the initial capacity loss. The Li2S/Co coating layer extracts active lithium ion during the charge process and shows a delithiation capacity of 993 mA h g-1. When paired with a LiFePO4|graphite full cell, the reversible capacity is increased from 112.6 to 150.3 mA h g-1, leading to a 29.5% boost in the energy density. The as-prepared pouch cell also demonstrates a stable cycling performance. The excellent electrochemical performance and the scalable production of the prelithiation separator reveal its great potential in lithium-ion battery industry application.

7.
Adv Mater ; 33(38): e2103178, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342925

RESUMO

Silicon (Si) anodes are advantageous for application in lithium-ion batteries in terms of their high theoretical capacity (4200 mAh g-1 ), appropriate operating voltage (<0.4 V vs Li/Li+ ), and earth-abundancy. Nevertheless, a large volume change of Si particles emerges with cycling, triggering unceasing breakage/re-formation of the solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) and thereby the fast capacity degradation in traditional carbonate-based electrolytes. Herein, it is demonstrated that superior cyclability of Si anode is achievable using a nonflammable ether-based electrolyte with fluoroethylene carbonate and lithium oxalyldifluoroborate dual additives. By forming a high-modulus SEI rich in fluoride (F) and boron (B) species, a high initial Coulombic efficiency of 90.2% is attained in Si/Li cells, accompanied with a low capacity-fading rate of only 0.0615% per cycle (discharge capacity of 2041.9 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles). Full cells pairing the unmodified Si anode with commercial LiFePO4 (≈13.92 mg cm-2 ) and LiNi0.5 Mn0.3 Co0.2 O2 (≈17.9 mg cm-2 ) cathodes further show extended service life to 150 and 60 cycles, respectively, demonstrating the superior cathode-compatibility realized with a thin and F, B-rich cathode electrolyte interface. This work offers an easily scalable approach in developing high-performance Si-based batteries through Si/electrolyte interphase regulation.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(24): 28398-28404, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109782

RESUMO

Solid-state lithium metal batteries (SSLMBs), using lithium metal as the anode and garnet-structured Li6.5La3Zr1.5Ta0.5O12 (LLZTO) as the electrolyte, are attractive and promising due to their high energy density and safety. However, the interface contact between the lithium metal and LLZTO is a major obstacle to the performance of SSLMBs. Here, we successfully improve the interface wettability by introducing one-dimensional (1D) TiO2 nanofibers into the lithium metal to obtain a Li-lithiated TiO2 composite anode (Li-TiO2). When 10 wt % TiO2 nanofibers are added, the formed composite anode offers a seamless interface contact with LLZTO and enables an interfacial resistance of 27 Ω cm2, which is much smaller than 374 Ω cm2 of pristine lithium metal. Due to the enhanced interface wettability, the symmetric Li-TiO2|LLZTO|Li-TiO2 cell upgrades the critical current density to 2.2 mA cm-2 and endures stable cycling over 550 h. Furthermore, by coupling the Li-TiO2 composite anode with the LiFePO4 cathode, the full cell shows stable cycling performance. This work proves the role of TiO2 nanofibers in enhancing the interface contact between the garnet electrolyte and the lithium metal anode and improving the performance of SSLMBs and provides an effective approach with 1D additives for solving the interface issues.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(14): e2100684, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028993

RESUMO

The interfacial instability of lithium (Li) metal is one of the critical challenges, which hinders the application of rechargeable Li metal batteries (LMBs). Designing facile and effective surface/interface is extremely important for practical LMBs manufacturing. Here, a highly stable Li anode with silver nanowires sowed in the patterned ditches via a simple calendaring process is developed. The remarkably increased electroactive surface area and the superior lithiophilic Ag seeds enable Li stripping/plating mainly inside the ditches. Benefitting from such unique structural design, the ditches-patterned and Ag-modified composite Li anode (D-Ag@Li) achieves excellent cyclability under 2 mA cm-2 / 4 mAh cm-2 over 360 h cycling with low nucleation overpotential of 16 mV. Pairing with the D-Ag@Li anode, the full cells with LiNi0.8 Mn0.1 Co0.1 O2 and LiFePO4 (LFP) cathodes achieve long cycle life with 94.2% retention after 2000 cycles and 74.2% after 4000 cycles, respectively. Moreover, ultrasonic transmission mapping shows no gas generation for the LFP pouch full cell pouch cell based on D-Ag@Li over prolonged cycling, demonstrating the feasibility and effectiveness of the authors' strategy for LMBs.

10.
Nano Lett ; 21(10): 4176-4184, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988361

RESUMO

Though low-cost and environmentally friendly, Li-Mn-O cathodes suffer from low energy density. Although synthesized Li4Mn5O12-like overlithiated spinel cathode with reversible hybrid anion- and cation-redox (HACR) activities has a high initial capacity, it degrades rapidly due to oxygen loss and side-reaction-induced electrolyte decomposition. Herein, we develop a two-step heat treatment to promote local decomposition as Li4Mn5O12 → 2LiMn2O4 + Li2MnO3 + 1/2 O2↑, which releases near-surface reactive oxygen that is harmful to cycling stability. The produced nanocomposite delivers a high discharge capacity of 225 mAh/g and energy density of over 700 Wh/kg at active-material level at a current density of 100 mA/g between 1.8 to 4.7 V. Benefiting from suppressed oxygen loss and side reactions, 80% capacity retention is achieved after 214 cycles in half cells. With industrially acceptable electrolyte amount (6 g/Ah), full cells paired with Li4Ti5O12 anode have a good retention over 100 cycles.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3136, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035291

RESUMO

Structural degradation in manganese oxides leads to unstable electrocatalytic activity during long-term cycles. Herein, we overcome this obstacle by using proton exchange on well-defined layered Li2MnO3 with an O3-type structure to construct protonated Li2-xHxMnO3-n with a P3-type structure. The protonated catalyst exhibits high oxygen reduction reaction activity and excellent stability compared to previously reported cost-effective Mn-based oxides. Configuration interaction and density functional theory calculations indicate that Li2-xHxMnO3-n has fewer unstable O 2p holes with a Mn3.7+ valence state and a reduced interlayer distance, originating from the replacement of Li by H. The former is responsible for the structural stability, while the latter is responsible for the high transport property favorable for boosting activity. The optimization of both charge states to reduce unstable O 2p holes and crystalline structure to reduce the reaction pathway is an effective strategy for the rational design of electrocatalysts, with a likely extension to a broad variety of layered alkali-containing metal oxides.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(15): 17707-17716, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847109

RESUMO

Nickel-rich Li(NixCoyMn1-x-yO2) (x ≥ 0.6) is considered to be a predominant cathode for next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to its towering specific energy density. Unfortunately, serious structural degradation causes rapid capacity degradation with the increase in nickel content. Herein, a Co and Ti co-modified LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM-811) cathode ameliorates the reversible capacity together with the rate capability by obviously alleviating the lattice structure degradation and microscopic intergranular cracks. Further studies show that the titanium doping effectively reduces the cation mixing and also stabilizes the crystal structure, while the spinel phase formed at the surface by a cobalt oxide coating is much stable than the layered phase at high voltage, which can alleviate the generation of micro-cracks. After 0.5% Co oxide coating and 1% Ti doping (T1Co0.5-NCM), a superior rate capability (121.75 mA h g-1 at 20 C between 2.7 and 4.5 V) and predominant capacity retention (74.2%) are observed compared with the pristine NCM-811 (59.5%) after 400 cycles between 2.7 and 4.7 V. This work supplies an eminent design of high-voltage and high-rate layered cathode materials and has a huge application prospect in the next generation of high-energy LIBs.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(26): 14313-14318, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881222

RESUMO

The well-known "shuttle effect" of the intermediate lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) and low sulfur utilization hinder the practical application of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Herein, we describe a novel C60 -S supramolecular complex with high-density active sites for LiPS adsorption that was formed by a simple one-step process as a cathode material for Li-S batteries. Benefiting from the cocrystal structure, 100 % of the C60 molecules in the complex can offer active sites to adsorb LiPSs and catalyze their conversion. Furthermore, the lithiated C60 cores promote internal ion transport inside the composite cathode. At a low electrolyte/sulfur ratio of 5 µL mg-1 , the C60 -S cathode with a sulfur loading of 4 mg cm-2 exhibited a high capacity of 809 mAh g-1 (3.2 mAh cm-2 ). The development of the C60 -S supramolecular complex will inspire the invention of a new family of S/fullerenes as cathodes for high-performance Li-S batteries and extend the application of fullerenes.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(28): 3464-3467, 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687418

RESUMO

Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) have become indispensable in daily life. Here, we fabricated a broad range of polymer semiconductor films as thin as 2 nm via a standard spin-coating method, and utilized the resulting organic transistors for the detection of LIB electrolytes, which can give an early warning signal before LIB failure.

15.
Adv Mater ; 33(12): e2007428, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543568

RESUMO

The short cycle life and safety concerns caused by uncontrollable dendrite growth have severely hindered the commercialization of lithium metal batteries. Here, a polycationic and hydrophobic polymer protective layer fabricated by a scalable tape-casting method is developed to enable air-stable, dendrite-free, and highly efficient Li metal anodes. The polymeric cations of poly(diallyl dimethyl ammonium) (PDDA) provide an electrostatic shielding effect that unifies Li+ flux at the surface of the Li anode and promotes a homogeneous Li plating, while the bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) anions bring hydrophobic characteristics and improve moisture stability. The accumulated TFSI anions by the polycationic film also facilitate the formation of a stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). Steady Li plating/stripping in the carbonate electrolyte can be achieved under a high areal capacity of 10 mAh cm-2 for 700 h with Li utilization efficiency up to 51.6%. LiNi0.8 Mn0.1 Co0.1 O2 and LiFePO4 cells using the modified anode exhibit much improved electrochemical performance compared with the bare Li counterpart. Moreover, ultrasonic imaging shows no gas generation in the modified Li/LiFePO4 pouch cell. Mechanism investigation demonstrates the stable SEI and homogeneous Li deposition derived by the polycationic layer.

16.
Nanoscale ; 13(8): 4670-4677, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620364

RESUMO

Ni-rich ternary layered oxides represent the most promising cathodes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) due to their relatively large specific capacities and high energy/power densities. Unfortunately, their inherent chemical instability and surface side reactions during the charge/discharge processes lead to rapid capacity fading and poor cycling life, which seriously restrict their practical applications. Herein, we report a simple dual-modification strategy for preparing LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 (NCM622) cathode materials by Li2SnO3 surface coating and Sn4+ gradient doping. The gradient Sn doping stabilizes the layered structure due to the strong Sn-O covalent bond and relieves the Li+/Ni2+ cation disorder by the partial oxidation of Ni2+ to Ni3+. Besides, the ionic and electronic conductive Li2SnO3 coating serves as a protective layer to eliminate the side reactions with electrolyte/air. In LIB testing, the dual-modified NCM622 cathode with 2% Sn delivers an enhanced cycling performance with 88.31% capacity retention after 100 cycles from 3.0 to 4.5 V at 1C compared to the bare NCM622. Meanwhile, the dual-modified NCM622 shows an improved reversible capacity of 136.2 mA h g-1 at 5C and enhanced electrode kinetics. The dual-modification strategy may enable a new approach to simultaneously relieve the interfacial instability and bulk structure degradation of Ni-rich cathode materials for high energy density LIBs.

17.
Infect Dis Ther ; 10(1): 457-470, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515206

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM), a common tuberculosis (TB) comorbidity, is associated with delayed bacillary clearance during anti-TB treatment and unfavorable outcomes. Bedaquiline (BDQ), when used as part of multidrug regimen for multidrug-resistant/extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/XDR-TB), has been shown to be effective and safe although treatment outcome and risks for patients with MDR/XDR-TB and DM are unknown. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted to compared the safety and effectiveness of 24-week BDQ-containing anti-TB treatment for patients with MDR/XDR-TB with and without DM. METHODS: The study of patients with MDR/XDR-TB with or without DM (enrolled February 2018-September 2019, 21 Chinese hospitals) was supervised by the New Drug Introduction and Protection Program (NDIP). Of 640 patients with MDR/XDR-TB receiving BDQ-containing anti-TB treatments, two propensity score-matched groups (107 DM/107 non-DM) were compared for cumulative culture conversion rate, time to culture conversion, adverse events, and corrected QT interval. RESULTS: Body mass index was higher in patients with DM than patients without DM (23.29 ± 3.9 vs. 20.5 ± 3.6, P < 0.001); lung cavity prevalence (86.9% vs. 72.9%, P = 0.037) was also higher in patients with DM; the non-DM group had higher hepatitis prevalence (29.0% vs. 15.9%, P = 0.022). No significant intergroup differences were found for sputum culture conversion rate at week 8 (80.0% vs. 81.4%, P = 0.884), at week 24 (95.6% vs. 98.2%, P = 0.629), or for median time to sputum culture conversion [56 days (IQR 28-63) vs. 56 days (IQR 28-84) (P = 0.687)]. Favorable post-24-week treatment outcomes were presented by 90.7% and 93.5% in the DM group and non-DM group, respectively, without significant intergroup differences (P = 0.448). The DM adverse event rate exceeded non-DM rate (77.6% vs. 64.5%, P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: Despite some differences in baseline characteristics, Chinese patients with MDR/XDR-TB with or without DM had similar sputum culture conversion rates and favorable treatment outcomes post-24-week BDQ-containing anti-TB treatment. Low BMI but not DM is risk factor associated with unfavorable outcome of patients with MDR/XDR-TB.

18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(9): 4682-4688, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191621

RESUMO

LiCoO2 is used as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, however, cationic/anodic-redox-induced unstable phase transitions, oxygen escape, and side reactions with electrolytes always occur when charging LiCoO2 to voltages higher than 4.35 V, resulting in severe capacity fade. Reported here is Mg-pillared LiCoO2 . Dopant Mg ions, serving as pillars in the Li-slab of LiCoO2 , prevent slab sliding in a delithiated state, thereby suppressing unfavorable phase transitions. Moreover, the resulting Li-Mg mixing structure at the surface of Mg-pillared LiCoO2 is beneficial for eliminating the cathode-electrolyte interphase overgrowth and phase transformation in the close-to-surface region. Mg-pillared LiCoO2 exhibits a high capacity of 204 mAh g-1 at 0.2 C and an enhanced capacity retention of 84 % at 1.0 C over 100 cycles within the voltage window of 3.0-4.6 V. In contrast, pristine LiCoO2 has a capacity retention of 14 % within the same voltage window.

19.
Nanoscale ; 12(42): 21743-21749, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094769

RESUMO

We report a facile route to fabricate free-standing NiFe hydroxides by corrosion engineering as high-performance bifunctional electrocatalysts for seawater splitting. Compared with H2SO4 and HNO3, HCl can promote the dissolution of Ni2+ from NiFe foam and the in situ formation of active NiFe hydroxides due to the strong interaction between Cl- and metal. In situ Raman spectroscopic characterization reveals that HCl corrosion induced NiFe hydroxides (HCl-c-NiFe) can generate oxygen evolution reaction (OER) active NiOOH species at a low potential of 1.4 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) and exhibits equally respectable activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). During a 1000 h test in an alkaline electrolyte or a 300 h test in an alkaline seawater electrolyte within a two-electrode system at 100 mA cm-2, the cell exhibits outstanding stability and high Cl- tolerance with a low working voltage of 1.62 V, outperforming benchmark Pt/IrO2 and most of the reported bifunctional catalysts.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(35): 39335-39341, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786252

RESUMO

Replacing organic porous separators with an inorganic solid-state electrolyte (SSE) is a promising strategy to suppress lithium dendrite and inhibit polysulfide dissolution in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. However, the realization of such a concept is still limited by the large interfacial resistance between SSE and lithium anode. Herein, a new electrolyte additive, copper fluoride (CuF2), is used in liquid electrolytes to construct a stable interphase between Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3 (LAGP) SSE and Li metal for a quasi-solid-state Li-S battery. A Li||Li symmetric cell with ultralong life over 1500 h (at 0.1 mA cm-2) proves the excellent stability of the as-formed interphase. As a result, the assembled Li-S full cell presents high coulombic efficiency and stable cycling (750 mA h g-1 after 50 cycles) at room temperature with lean liquid electrolytes. This strategy provides an effective method for improving the electrochemical performance of Li-S batteries.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...