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1.
Trials ; 21(1): 143, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thunder-fire moxibustion originated in China and contains traditional Chinese medicine. It can produce strong firepower, infrared thermal radiation, and medicinal effects when burning on the acupoints. Thunder-fire moxibustion is commonly used in patients with neck pain, but its efficacy has rarely been systematically demonstrated. We designed a randomized trial of thunder-fire moxibustion on cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) to investigate whether it is more effective than ibuprofen sustained-release capsules. METHODS: One hundred patients will be recruited and randomly divided into thunder-fire moxibustion and ibuprofen groups. The intervention consists of ten treatments and will last for 2 weeks. The Yasuhisa Tanaka 20 Score Scale is used as the primary outcome measure. It contains a combination of the self-conscious symptom in patients, objective clinical evaluation from doctors, and social evaluation (the ability to work and live). The objective and comprehensive evaluation of CSR patients before and after treatment is particularly needed. The Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire-2 (SF-MPQ-2), Neck Disability Index score scale (NDI), and the Quality of Life Assessment (SF-36) are applied as secondary outcome measures. The assessment will take place at the baseline and the first and second weekends of treatment. If an adverse event (AEs) occurs, it will be reported. DISCUSSION: The aim of this trial is to determine whether thunder-fire moxibustion is more effective than ibuprofen in the treatment of patients with CSR. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (http://www.chictr.org.cn), ChiCTR1800018820. Registered on 11 October 2018.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 7816, 2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127157

RESUMO

Previous studies investigating HIV-infected patients suggested a direct link between underweight and the mortality rate of AIDS. However, there was a lack of evidence showing the optimal range of initial body mass index (BMI) patients maintain during antiretroviral therapy (ART). We aimed to evaluate associations of the BMI values pre-ART and during the entire ART duration with mortality among HIV-positive individuals. In total, 5101 HIV/AIDS patients, including 1439 (28.2%) underweight, 3047 (59.7%) normal-weight, 548 (10.7%) overweight and 67 (1.3%) obese patients, were included in this cohort. The cumulative mortality of underweight, normal-weight, and overweight were 2.4/100 person-years (95% CI 1.9-2.9), 1.1/100 person-years (95% CI 0.9-1.3), and 0.5/100 person-years (95% CI 0.1-0.9), respectively. Cumulative mortality was lower in both the normal-weight and overweight populations than in the underweight population, with an adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) of 0.5 (95% CI 0.4-0.7, p < 0.001) and 0.3 (95% CI 0.1-0.6, p = 0.002), respectively. Additionally, in the 1176 patients with available viral load data, there was significant difference between the underweight and normal-weight groups after adjustment for all factors, including viral load (p = 0.031). This result suggests that HIV-infected patients in Guangxi maintaining a BMI of 19-28 kg/m2, especially 24-28 kg/m2, have a reduced risk of death.

3.
BMJ Open ; 9(4): e023140, 2019 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterise the association between duration of exposure to antiretroviral treatment (ART) and liver damage in HIV patients with an initially normal baseline liver function and without hepatitis B virus (HBV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in HIV-infected individuals with normal liver function parameters at ART initiation and without HBV/HCV infection, from 14 April 2004 to 13 April 2015 in Guigang city, Guangxi, China. The association between duration of ART and liver damage (grade II-IV liver enzyme elevation [LEE] and/or total bilirubin elevation [TBE]), was analysed. Cox regression was used to examine the factors related to liver damage. RESULTS: Of 2119 eligible patients, 12.41% (263/2119) developed liver damage (grade II-IV LEE/TBE) and contributed 4.11/100 person-years crude incidence rate. The highest liver damage incidence was observed in patients with 6-12 months' ART (15.16/100 person-years). The incidence decreased to 5.56/100 person-years in patients with 12-18 months' ART and 3.13/100 person years in patients with 18-24 months' ART, and then maintained at a relatively low and stable level in patients with 2 years' ART or longer (average of 3.65/100 person-years). Cox regression analysis revealed that current WHO disease stage II, III or IV (compared with stage I) were the risk factors for liver damage, while baseline disease stage II, III (compared with stage I) and current regimen 3TC+AZT+NVP were the protective factors for liver damage. CONCLUSIONS: Liver damage always exists among HIV-infected patients on ART with normal baseline liver function and without HBV/HCV infection. Nevertheless, cumulative ART duration does not increase the risk of liver damage. ART could tend to be long-term, however, monitoring and management of liver damage among patients on ART are also important in clinical therapy.

4.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 450, 2018 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29618343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSW) are a population that are at high risk for HIV infection, and their HIV/AIDS knowledge levels and sexual behaviors are of concern. This study describes changes in HIV prevalence and factors associated among female sex workers in Guigang City, Guangxi, one of the highest HIV prevalence areas in China. METHODS: Data were derived from an annual cross-sectional venue-based survey, 2008 to 2015, in the form of sentinel surveillance. The participants were recruited using cluster sampling. FSW aged 16 years and above who completed a questionnaire and HIV testing. Both descriptive and multi-level analyses were used to explore factors associated with changes in HIV prevalence. RESULTS: Seven thousand four hundred ninety-six FSW were recruited in this study. HIV prevalence among FSW in Guigang City fell into two periods, one with an increasing trend (2008-2011) and one with a decline (2012-2015). Differences between these time periods included age, relationship status, HIV knowledge, consistent condom use, lifetime illicit drug use, history of sexually transmitted infection in the past year, HIV testing, receipt of a condom distribution and education program or HIV counseling and testing, and peer education services. CONCLUSIONS: Since 2012, a reduction in HIV prevalence among FSW in Guigang City has been observed. The decline of HIV prevalence was associated with coinciding changes in demographic characteristics of FSW, improvement of HIV knowledge and safer sexual behaviors, and a program that promotes condom use, HIV counseling & testing, and peer education.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Profissionais do Sexo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2016: 8956981, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26941890

RESUMO

Since excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) is known to be associated with aging and age-related diseases, strategies modulating ROS level and antioxidant defense systems may contribute to the delay of senescence. Here we show that the protein hydrolyzate from Angelica sinensis was capable of increasing oxidative survival of the model animal Caenorhabditis elegans intoxicated by paraquat. The hydrolyzate was then fractionated by ultrafiltration, and the antioxidant fraction (<3 kDa) was purified by gel filtration to obtain the antioxidant A. sinensis peptides (AsiPeps), which were mostly composed of peptides with <20 amino acid residues. Further studies demonstrate that AsiPeps were able to reduce the endogenous ROS level, increase the activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase, and decrease the content of the lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde in nematodes treated with paraquat or undergoing senescence. AsiPeps were also shown to reduce age pigments accumulation and extend lifespan but did not affect the food-intake behavior of the nematodes. Taken together, our results demonstrate that A. sinensis peptides (AsiPeps) are able to delay aging process in C. elegans through antioxidant activities independent of dietary restriction.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Angelica sinensis/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/enzimologia , Bovinos , Cromatografia Líquida , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Paraquat/toxicidade , Peptídeos/química , Pigmentos Biológicos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 36(6): 571-576, 2016 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29231449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy on vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND) between the combined therapy of auricular acupuncture and acupuncture and the simple acupuncture. METHODS: One hundred patients of VCIND were randomized into a combined therapy of auricular acupuncture and acupuncture group (a combined therapy group) and an acupuncture group, 50 cases in each one. The basic internal medicine treatment was applied in the two groups. Additionally, in the combined therapy group, auricular acupuncture and JIN's three needling therapy were used. pizhixia (AT4), xin (CO15), shen (CO10), gan (CO12), erzhong (HX1) were selected in auricular acupuncture, once every Monday, Wednesday and Friday; Niesanzhen, Zhisanzhen and Sishenzhen were selected in JIN's three needling therapy, once a day. In the acupuncture group, JIN's three needling therapy was just provided, once a day. The treatment was given for 4 weeks in the two groups. Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and social function activities questionnaire (FAQ) were adopted for the evaluation comparison before treatment and in 2 weeks and 4 weeks after treatment in patients of the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with those before treatment, the total scores of MoCA were improved in 2 and 4 weeks after treatment in the two groups (all P<0.01). The score in the combined therapy group was improved more apparently as compared with that in the acupuncture group (P<0.01). FAQ score was reduced in the two groups (all P<0.05). The score in the combined therapy group was reduced more apparently as compared with that in the acupuncture group (P<0.05). As compared with the result in 2 weeks of treatment, MoCA score was improved in the two groups in 4 weeks of treatment (both P<0.01), the improvements in the combined therapygroup were more obvious than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.05) and FAQ score was reduced in the two groups (P<0.05), but the difference was not significant between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combined therapy of auricular acupuncture and acupuncture effectively improve the cognitive function and social function, which are better than the effects of simple acupuncture in VCIND. The improvement of the combined therapy in social function is more advantageous in the treatment of the first two weeks.

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