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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110253, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753332

RESUMO

The application of photoresponsive surface molecularly imprinted polymers based on azobenzene is limited by the UV light source required and their poor water solubility. Reducing the phototoxicity and solvent toxicity of the polymers therefore presents a challenge. In this work, an NIR-light-responsive surface molecularly imprinted polymer was fabricated by atom transfer radical polymerization using up-conversion nanoparticles as the core, a hydrophilic green-light-responsive azobenzene derivative as the functional monomer, and a drug as the template. The up-conversion nanoparticles core emitted green fluorescence in the range of 520-550 nm upon NIR irradiation (980 nm, 5 W cm-2), which was absorbed by the azobenzene containing molecularly imprinted polymers layer on the up-conversion nanoparticles surface. This caused the azobenzene chromophores to undergo trans→cis isomerization in phosphate buffered solution (pH = 7.4), thus resulting in NIR-light-induced drug release. The up-conversion fluorescence spectra were used to study the interaction mechanism between the azobenzene monomer and NIR light. Compared with structural analogues of the template (antifebrin and phenacetin), the NIR-light-responsive surface molecularly imprinted polymer showed excellent specificity of recognition for the template drug (paracetamol). The maximum adsorption capacity of the NIR-light-responsive surface molecularly imprinted polymer for loading of paracetamol was 16.80 µmol g-1. The NIR-light-responsive surface molecularly imprinted polymer was applied for NIR-light-induced paracetamol release in phosphate buffered solution (pH = 7.4) through porcine tissue. This work demonstrates the potential of drug delivery systems based on molecularly imprinted polymers for application in deep tissue delivery.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117450, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422341

RESUMO

Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) is an effective technique for non-intrusive and on-line measurement of PAHs in sooting flames but it is still need further investigation due to the complexity of PAH fluorescence characteristics. Therefore, in-depth investigations on the fluorescence spectroscopy of PAHs with different molecular structures are relevant. In this study, we investigated the fluorescence spectrum characteristics of 13 gas-phase PAHs using LIF measurement and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculation. The experimental results showed that the fluorescence emission wavelengths increased with more aromatic (benzenoid) rings, but this relationship no longer existed when the PAH molecules contain the five-membered ring structures. The TD-DFT calculation showed that the fluorescence emission wavelength ranges of PAHs with different molecular structures were dominantly determined by the electronic structures of highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and their energy gaps. It was found that the saturated aliphatic branched chains (methyl and ethyl) only slightly influenced the LIF spectra, while the unsaturated aliphatic branched chains (ethenyl and ethynyl) caused remarkable redshifts. The TD-DFT results indicated that the aliphatic branched chains changed the electric structures of HOMO and LUMO of the core aromatic rings, and then influence the fluorescence emission wavelength ranges.

3.
Food Chem ; 303: 125379, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446361

RESUMO

In this study, heterologous competitive antigens (HCAs) suitable for improving the sensitivity of ELISA were successfully screened based on their cross-reactivities (CRs) with 19 quinolone analogues; each containing the norfloxacin amino derivative (NOR0) coupled with bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a coating antigen. HCAs prepared with hapten analogues (CRs of 0.77%-49.92%) remarkably enhanced the sensitivity of the subsequent ELISA. ELISA sensitivity for NOR detection improved 26-fold when moxifloxacin-BSA was used as a heterologous coating antigen relative to when NOR0-BSA was used as a homologous coating antigen. This work, therefore, represents a detailed screening method to select suitable heterologous competitive antigens that improve ELISA sensitivity. Secondly, we present new theoretical tools to estimate hapten structures for use in the method, which may also be applied to improve the sensitivity of other immunoassays.


Assuntos
Antígenos Heterófilos/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Quinolonas/análise , Reações Cruzadas , Haptenos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Norfloxacino/análogos & derivados , Soroalbumina Bovina/química
4.
Am Heart J ; 220: 51-58, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rates and predictors of major bleeding in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) treated with antiplatelets have not been well studied. This post hoc analysis of EUCLID aimed to determine the incidence of major/minor bleeding, predictors of major bleeding, and risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) following major bleeding events. METHODS: EUCLID, a multicenter randomized controlled trial of 13,885 patients with symptomatic PAD, compared ticagrelor with clopidogrel for the prevention of MACE. The primary safety end point was Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major bleeding. Baseline characteristics were used to develop a multivariable model to determine factors associated with TIMI major bleeding. The occurrence and timing of MACE relative to a first major bleeding event were determined. RESULTS: TIMI major bleeding occurred in 2.3% of participants overall (0.94 event/100 patient-years). There was no significant difference in major bleeding rates by treatment assignment. Factors associated with TIMI major bleeding included older age, geographic region, Rutherford class, and ß-blocker use. Patients with TIMI major bleeding postrandomization had an increased risk of MACE (hazard ratio [HR] 4.46; 95% CI 3.40-5.84; P < .0001) compared with those without major bleeding; the association was strongest within 30 days after a bleeding event. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with symptomatic PAD, 0.94 major bleeding event/100 patient-years was observed and associated with older age, residing in North America, disease severity, and ß-blocker use. Patients who had a major bleeding event were significantly more likely to experience MACE, especially within the first 30 days, when compared with patients who did not have major bleeding.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746183

RESUMO

Mercury ions can cause a series of hazards to humans and the environment, even in trace amounts. Here, we designed a novel adsorbent (Cys-UiO-66) by functionalizing NH2-UiO-66 with l-cysteine for selective removal of Hg(II) from solution. The Cys-UiO-66 was characterized by different instruments. The adsorption property of Cys-UiO-66 was evaluated by batch methods. The maximum adsorption capacity was 350.14 mg/g at pH 5.0. Furthermore, the adsorption isotherm and kinetics models were in accord with the Langmuir and pseudo-second-order models, respectively, evidencing that the adsorption behavior was dominated by monolayer chemisorption. The Cys-UiO-66 had better affinity for Hg(II) than other coexisting ions in wastewater and could be regenerated for at least five cycles. The results prove that Cys-UiO-66 is a talented and efficient sorbent for mercury ions.

6.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746381

RESUMO

As a novel anti­inflammatory cytokine of the interleukin (IL)­1 family, IL­37 protects the human body from diseases characterized by excessive inflammation. The pathologic process of hyperhomocysteinemia (hHcy) is accompanied by persistent inflammation. However, little is known regarding the role of IL­37 in hHcy. In the present study, the levels of cytokines including IL­37, IL­1ß, IL­6 and tumor necrosis factor­α in the supernatant were detected by ELISA. mRNA and protein expression were detected by Reverse transcription­quantitative PCR and western blotting, respectively. LDH level was determined by ELISA and the cell viability was detected through CCK­8 kit. In the present study, mean serum IL­37 levels of patients with hHcy were 32.3% lower than those of controls (P<0.01). In peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with hHcy, mean IL­37 mRNA expression was 73.5% lower (P<0.01) and IL­37 protein expression was 77.7% lower compared with that of healthy controls (P<0.01). Furthermore, the results demonstrated that exogenous homocysteine (Hcy) stimulation markedly downregulated the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL­37 in PBMCs in vitro. In 293T cells, overexpression of IL­37 restored the cell viability impaired by Hcy, and reduced the release of lactate dehydrogenase and the proinflammatory cytokines IL­1ß, IL­6 and tumor necrosis factor­α. In conclusion, IL­37 was downregulated by Hcy in vivo and in vitro, and IL­37 exhibited a protective role against cell injury induced by Hcy.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746404

RESUMO

Iridoid glycosides of Radix Scrophulariae (IGRS) are a group of the major bioactive components from Radix Scrophulariae with extensive pharmacological activities. The present study investigated the effects of IGRS on cerebral ischemia­reperfusion injury (CIRI) and explored its potential mechanisms of action. A CIRI model in rats was established by occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery for 90 min, followed by 24 h of reperfusion. Prior to surgery, 30, 60 or 120 mg/kg IGRS was administered to the rats once a day for 7 days. Then, the neurological scores, brain edema and volume of the cerebral infarction were measured. The apoptosis index was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling. The effects of IGRS on the histopathology of the cortex in brain tissues and the endoplasmic reticulum ultrastructure in the hippocampus were analyzed. Finally, the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)­regulating mediators, endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP (GRP78), DNA damage­inducible transcript 3 protein (CHOP) and caspase­12, were detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT­qPCR) and western blot analysis. The volume of cerebral infarction and brain water content in the IGRS­treated groups treated at doses of 60 and 120 mg/kg were decreased significantly compared with the Model group. The neurological scores were also significantly decreased in the IGRS­treated groups. IGRS treatment effectively decreased neuronal apoptosis resulting from CIRI­induced neuron injury. In addition, the histopathological damage and the endoplasmic reticulum ultrastructure injury were partially improved in CIRI rats following IGRS treatment. RT­qPCR and western blot analysis data indicated that IGRS significantly decreased the expression levels of GRP78, CHOP and caspase­12 at both mRNA and protein levels. The results of the present study demonstrated that IGRS exerted a protective effect against CIRI in brain tissue via the inhibition of apoptosis and ERS.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 702: 134997, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726340

RESUMO

Rapid urbanization and human disturbance of land often results in serious soil erosion and releases of fine sediments and soil-bound toxic metals/metalloids. Yet, technologies for simultaneously controlling soil erosion and metals/metalloids leaching have been lacking. This study developed a new class of polyacrylamide-dispersed magnetite (PAM-MAG) nanoparticles and tested the effectiveness for simultaneous control of soil erosion and arsenic leaching from a model soil. Two parallel box test setups (L × W × H: 91.4 × 30.5 × 7.6 cm) were constructed to test the releases of sediments and soluble pollutants from the surface soil under simulated rainfall conditions (intensity = 11.15 cm/hr). A sandy loam soil from a local quarry mining site was used as the model soil, and arsenate As(V) as a prototype leachable metalloid. A stable dispersion of PAM-MAG was prepared with 0.3 wt% of PAM and 0.1 g/L as Fe of magnetite. The results indicated that treating the soil with 5.985 g/m2 of PAM-MAG was able to decrease cumulative soil mass loss in the runoff by 90.8% (from 254.50 ±â€¯0.10 g to 23.35 ±â€¯3.19 g), or turbidity of the runoff by 79.9% (from 244.5 ±â€¯27.5 NTU to 49.2 ±â€¯22.5 NTU). Compared to PAM only, the PAM-MAG suspension showed a 30% reduction of viscosity, allowing for easier application and transport of the nanoparticles in soil. Concurrently, the PAM-MAG treatment also immobilized 82.5% of water-leachable arsenate compared to untreated controls. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analyses revealed that arsenate was immobilized by magnetite nanoparticles through inner sphere surface complexation (Fe-O-As). Overall, the PAM-MAG based technology holds the promise for simultaneously controlling soil erosion and metal/metalloid releases from disturbed land.

9.
Sci Data ; 6(1): 267, 2019 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704938

RESUMO

Pufferfish are ideal models for vertebrate chromosome evolution studies. The yellowbelly pufferfish, Takifugu flavidus, is an important marine fish species in the aquaculture industry and ecology of East Asia. The chromosome assembly of the species could facilitate the study of chromosome evolution and functional gene mapping. To this end, 44, 27 and 50 Gb reads were generated for genome assembly using Illumina, PacBio and Hi-C sequencing technologies, respectively. More than 13 Gb full-length transcripts were sequenced on the PacBio platform. A 366 Mb genome was obtained with the contig of 4.4 Mb and scaffold N50 length of 15.7 Mb. 266 contigs were reliably assembled into 22 chromosomes, representing 95.9% of the total genome. A total of 29,416 protein-coding genes were predicted and 28,071 genes were functionally annotated. More than 97.7% of the BUSCO genes were successfully detected in the genome. The genome resource in this work will be used for the conservation and population genetics of the yellowbelly pufferfish, as well as in vertebrate chromosome evolution studies.

11.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(12): 2615-2626, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754334

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hyperplasia plays important roles in the pathogenesis of many vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. Many microRNAs (miRs) have recently been reported to regulate the proliferation and migration of VSMC. In the current study, we aimed to explore the function of miR-93 in VSMCs and its molecular mechanism. Methods: First, qRT-PCR and immunofluorescence assays were performed to determine miR-93 expression in rat VSMCs following carotid artery injury in vivo and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) stimulation in vitro. Next, the biological role of miR-93 in rat VSMC proliferation and migration was examined in vivo and vitro. EdU incorporation assay and MTT assay for measuring cell proliferation, Transwell cell invasion assay and Cell scratch wound assay for measuring cell migration. Then, the targets of miR-93 were identified. Finally, the expression levels of proteins in the Raf-ERK1/2 pathway were measured by western blot. Results: MiR-93 was upregulated in rat VSMCs following carotid artery injury in vivo. Similar results were observed in ex vivo cultured VSMCs after PDGF-BB treatment. MiR-93 inhibition suppressed neointimal formation after carotid artery injury. Moreover, our results demonstrated that a miR-93 inhibitor suppressed the PDGF-BB induced proliferation and migration of in VSMC. This inhibitor also decreased the expression levels of MMP2 and cyclin D1. Mechanistically, we discovered that mitofusin 2(Mfn2) is a direct target of miR-93. Furthermore, an analysis of the signaling events revealed that miR-93-mediated VSMC proliferation and migration occurred via the Raf-ERK1/2 pathway. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that miR-93 promotes VSMCs proliferation and migration by targeting Mfn2. MiR-93 may be a new target for treating in-stent restenosis.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(43): 17068-17074, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603679

RESUMO

Described is a general method for the installation of a minimal 6-methyltetrazin-3-yl group via the first example of a Ag-mediated Liebeskind-Srogl cross-coupling. The attachment of bioorthogonal tetrazines on complex molecules typically relies on linkers that can negatively impact the physiochemical properties of conjugates. Cross-coupling with arylboronic acids and a new reagent, 3-((p-biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)thio)-6-methyltetrazine (b-Tz), proceeds under mild, PdCl2(dppf)-catalyzed conditions to introduce minimal, linker-free tetrazine functionality. Safety considerations guided our design of b-Tz which can be prepared on decagram scale without handling hydrazine and without forming volatile, high-nitrogen tetrazine byproducts. Replacing conventional Cu(I) salts used in Liebeskind-Srogl cross-coupling with a Ag2O mediator resulted in higher yields across a broad library of aryl and heteroaryl boronic acids and provides improved access to a fluorogenic tetrazine-BODIPY conjugate. A covalent probe for MAGL incorporating 6-methyltetrazinyl functionality was synthesized in high yield and labeled endogenous MAGL in live cells. This new Ag-mediated cross-coupling method using b-Tz is anticipated to find additional applications for directly introducing the tetrazine subunit to complex substrates.

13.
J Biol Chem ; 294(48): 18294-18305, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31649032

RESUMO

During mammalian palatogenesis, cranial neural crest-derived mesenchymal cells undergo osteogenic differentiation and form the hard palate, which is divided into palatine process of the maxilla and the palatine. However, it remains unknown whether these bony structures originate from the same cell lineage and how the hard palate is patterned at the molecular level. Using mice, here we report that deficiency in Shox2 (short stature homeobox 2), a transcriptional regulator whose expression is restricted to the anterior palatal mesenchyme, leads to a defective palatine process of the maxilla but does not affect the palatine. Shox2 overexpression in palatal mesenchyme resulted in a hyperplastic palatine process of the maxilla and a hypoplastic palatine. RNA sequencing and assay for transposase-accessible chromatin-sequencing analyses revealed that Shox2 controls the expression of pattern specification and skeletogenic genes associated with accessible chromatin in the anterior palate. This highlighted a lineage-autonomous function of Shox2 in patterning and osteogenesis of the hard palate. H3K27ac ChIP-Seq and transient transgenic enhancer assays revealed that Shox2 binds distal-acting cis-regulatory elements in an anterior palate-specific manner. Our results suggest that the palatine process of the maxilla and palatine arise from different cell lineages and differ in ossification mechanisms. Shox2 evidently controls osteogenesis of a cell lineage and contributes to the palatine process of the maxilla by interacting with distal cis-regulatory elements to regulate skeletogenic gene expression and to pattern the hard palate. Genome-wide Shox2 occupancy in the developing palate may provide a marker for identifying active anterior palate-specific gene enhancers.

14.
Dis Model Mech ; 12(11)2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601549

RESUMO

Germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH), affecting about 1 in 300 births, is a major perinatal disease with lifelong neurological consequences. Yet despite advances in neonatal medicine, there is no effective intervention. GMH is characterized by localized bleeding in the germinal matrix (GM), due to inherent vessel fragility unique to this developing brain region. Studies have shown that reduced TGFß signaling contributes to this vascular immaturity. We have previously shown that a region-specific G-protein-coupled receptor pathway in GM neural progenitor cells regulates integrin ß8, a limiting activator of pro-TGFß. In this study, we use mice to test whether this regional pathway can be harnessed for GMH intervention. We first examined the endogenous dynamics of this pathway and found that it displays specific patterns of activation. We then investigated the functional effects of altering these dynamics by chemogenetics and found that there is a narrow developmental window during which this pathway is amenable to manipulation. Although high-level activity in this time window interferes with vessel growth, moderate enhancement promotes vessel maturation without compromising growth. Furthermore, we found that enhancing the activity of this pathway in a mouse model rescues all GMH phenotypes. Altogether, these results demonstrate that enhancing neurovascular signaling through pharmacological targeting of this pathway may be a viable approach for tissue-specific GMH intervention. They also demonstrate that timing and level are likely two major factors crucial for success. These findings thus provide critical new insights into both brain neurovascular biology and the intervention of GMH.

15.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): e008069, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between invasive vascular procedures and bleeding in patients with peripheral artery disease has not been well described in the literature. This post hoc analysis from the EUCLID trial (Examining Use of Ticagrelor in Peripheral Artery Disease) aimed to describe the incidence of major and minor postprocedural bleeding and characterize the timing and severity of bleeding events relative to the procedure. METHODS: EUCLID was a multicenter, randomized controlled trial of 13 885 patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease that tested the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel for the prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events. A total of 2661 patients underwent 3062 coronary revascularization, peripheral revascularization, and amputation during the study. The primary safety end point was Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction major or minor bleeding. All bleeding events were formally adjudicated by a clinical end point classification group. RESULTS: Major bleeding events most often occurred ≤7 days following the procedure. The incidence of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction major or minor bleeding ≤7 days following peripheral revascularization (3.3%; 95% CI, 2.5%-4.1%) was similar to rates after coronary revascularization (4.0%; 95% CI, 2.6%-5.4%) and lower extremity amputation (2.3%; 95% CI, 0.8%-3.8%). The severity of bleeding events (as graded by drop in hemoglobin, need for transfusion, bleeding in a critical location, and fatal bleeding) was also similar following peripheral, coronary revascularization, and lower extremity amputation. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction major/minor bleeding following peripheral revascularization is comparable to rates after coronary revascularization and lower extremity amputation, and the majority of bleeding events occur within 7 days following the procedure. The severity of periprocedural bleeding is also similar after procedures, with the most frequently adjudicated reason being a drop in hemoglobin ≥2 g/dL. Future studies should be performed to enhance our understanding of bleeding risk related to revascularization and amputation procedures in peripheral artery disease patients.

16.
J Immunol ; 203(11): 3054-3067, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645417

RESUMO

The pharyngeal organ is located at the crossroad of the respiratory and digestive tracts in vertebrate, and it is continuously challenged by varying Ags during breathing and feeding. In mammals, the pharyngeal mucosa (PM) is a critical first line of defense. However, the evolutionary origins and ancient roles of immune defense and microbiota homeostasis of PM are still unknown. In this study, to our knowledge, we are the first to find that diffuse MALT is present in PM of rainbow trout, an early vertebrate. Importantly, following parasitic infection, we detect that strong parasite-specific mucosal IgT and dominant proliferation of IgT+ B cell immune responses occurs in trout PM, providing, to our knowledge, the first demonstration of local mucosal Ig responses against pathogens in pharyngeal organ of a nonmammal species. Moreover, we show that the trout PM microbiota is prevalently coated with secretory IgT and, to a much lesser degree, by IgM and IgD, suggesting the key role of mucosal Igs in the immune exclusion of teleost pharyngeal bacteria. Overall, to our knowledge, our findings provide the first evidence that pharyngeal mucosal immunity appear earlier than tetrapods.

17.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 79(8): 601-612, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663373

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is a malignant bone tumor with extremely high invasion, metastasis and mortality. The prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma remains poor. The ErbB receptor family was found to be overexpressed in human cancers and associated with poor prognosis. However, the role of ErbB receptor family in osteosarcoma has not been fully understood. The present study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic significances of ErbB receptors in primary osteosarcoma. Western blot (WB), reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to detect the protein and gene expression of ErbB receptors in 60 primary osteosarcoma specimens and 30 non-neoplastic bone tissues. WB and RT-qPCR analyses showed that the protein and mRNA expression levels of EGFR, ErbB3 and ErbB4 in osteosarcoma specimens were significantly higher than those in non-neoplastic bone tissues. Seventeen (28.33%), 15 (25.00%) and 15 (25.00%) osteosarcoma specimens presented with amplification of EGFR, ErbB3 and ErbB4 gene, respectively, which were significantly higher compared with non-neoplastic bone tissues. The amplification of ErbB3 and ErbB4 in osteosarcoma was associated with advanced surgical stage. The amplification of EGFR, ErbB3, ErbB4 and the co-amplification of EGFR-ErbB3, EGFR-ErbB4, ErbB3-ErbB4 was linked with poor response to chemotherapy and distant metastasis. The amplification of EGFR, ErbB3 and ErbB4, as well as their co-amplification demonstrated independent prognostic values for reduced survival time of osteosarcoma patients and may serve as potential therapeutic targets for osteosarcoma patients in the future.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(47): 44573-44581, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661951

RESUMO

We report the fast and efficient conversion of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to phase pure transition-metal carbide (TMC) nanoparticles with uniform size using laser as the energy source, consuming only 6 W power. Nanoparticles of HfC, ZrC, TiC, V8C7, α-MoC, Cr3C2, and FeCx with homogeneous sizes (varied between 6 and 20 nm) were successfully produced, among which HfC and ZrC nanoparticles were obtained, for the first time, with sizes less than 10 nm and in the pure phase. This method was operated directly in air, in stark contrast to traditional furnace heating and laser spray methods, where a protective atmosphere is required. The use of MOFs allowed us to precisely tune the composition of TMC nanoparticles by dialing in the right type and desirable amounts of organic linkers. FeCx nanoparticles doped with various percentages of nitrogen atoms were synthesized for the Fischer-Tropsch reaction without any pretreatment or activation. Extremely high iron time of yield (FTY) values were observed, 415 and 550 µmol gFe-1 s-1 (with addition of K), in a 40 h test without any decay in performance. A high olefin to paraffin ratio was achieved for C2 to C11 products, where the ratio for C3 was higher than 10.

19.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 323, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547829

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association of serum levels of 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D3 in healthy and non-healthy controls with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Three electronic databases: PubMed, EMbase and EBSCOhost CINAHL, were searched for observational studies to measure the relationship between serum levels of vitamin D (VitD) and CD (or UC). RESULTS: Fifty-five studies were included in the meta-analysis. We found that mean serum 25(OH)D levels in patients with CD were significantly lower than those in healthy controls (MD: - 3.17 ng/mL; 95% CI - 4.42 to - 1.93). Results from the meta-analysis examining 1,25(OH)2D3 levels in Crohn's patients revealed higher levels in the CD group than in healthy (MD: 3.47 pg/mL; 95% CI - 7.72 to 14.66) and UC group (MD: 5.05 pg/mL; 95% CI - 2.42 to 12.52). Serum 25(OH)D levels were lower in the UC group than in the healthy control group (MD: - 2.52 ng/mL; 95% CI - 4.02 to - 1.02). In studies investigating the level of 1,25(OH)2D3 in UC and healthy control groups, the level of 1,25(OH)2D3 in the UC groups were found to be higher than that in the control groups (MD: 3.76 pg/mL; 95% CI - 8.36 to 15.57). However, the 1,25(OH)2D3 level in patients with UC was lower than that in CD groups (MD: - 6.71 pg/mL; 95% CI - 15.30 to 1.88). No significant difference was noted between CD patients and UC patients in terms of average serum 25(OH)D levels. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that VitD levels were inversely related to CD and UC. Serum levels of 25(OH)D were lower in patients with CD and UC than in healthy people, and more than half of the patients had insufficient vitamin D levels. The serum level of 1,25(OH)2D3 in both the CD and UC groups was higher than that in healthy people.

20.
Opt Express ; 27(15): 21029-21049, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510188

RESUMO

Multi-emitter localization has great potential for maximizing the imaging speed of super-resolution localization microscopy. However, the slow image analysis speed of reported multi-emitter localization algorithms limits their usage in mostly off-line image processing with small image size. Here we adopt the well-known divide and conquer strategy in computer science and present a fitting-based method called QC-STORM for fast multi-emitter localization. Using simulated and experimental data, we verify that QC-STORM is capable of providing real-time full image processing on raw images with 100 µm × 100 µm field of view and 10 ms exposure time, with comparable spatial resolution as the popular fitting-based ThunderSTORM and the up-to-date non-iterative WindSTORM. This study pushes the development and practical use of super-resolution localization microscopy in high-throughput or high-content imaging of cell-to-cell differences or discovering rare events in a large cell population.

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