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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 852: 158362, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055502

RESUMO

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a class of artificially synthetic organic compounds that are hardly degraded in the natural environment. PFAS have been widely used for many decades, and the persistence and potential toxicity of PFAS are an emerging concern in the world. PFAS exposed via diet can be readily absorbed by the intestine and enter the circulatory system or accumulate directly at intestinal sites, which could interact with the intestine and cause the destruction of intestinal barrier. This review summarizes current relationships between PFAS exposure and intestinal barrier damage with a focus on more recent toxicological studies. Exposure to PFAS could cause inflammation in the gut, destruction of the gut epithelium and tight junction structure, reduction of the mucus layer, and induction of the toxicity of immune cells. PFAS accumulation could also induce microbial disorders and metabolic products changes. In addition, there are limited studies currently, and most available studies converge on the health risk of PFAS exposure for human intestinal disease. Therefore, more efforts are deserved to further understand potential associations between PFAS exposure and intestinal dysfunction and enable better assessment of exposomic toxicology and health risks for humans in the future.

2.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(8): e1002, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36030524

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Inflammation underlies the mechanism of different kinds of heart disease. Cytoplasmic membrane localized N-terminal fragment of gasdermin-D (GSDMD-N) could induce inflammatory injury to cardiomyocyte. However, effects and dynamic changes of GSDMD during the process of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) related inflammatory stress induced cardiomyocyte injury are barely elucidated to date. In this study, LPS related cardiomyocyte injury was investigated based on potential interaction of GSDMD-N induced mitochondrial injury and mitophagy mediated mitochondria quality control. METHODS: HL-1 cardiomyocytes were treated with LPS and Nigericin to induce inflammatory stress. The dual-fluorescence-labelled GSDMD expressed HL-1 cardiomyocytes were constructed to study the translocation of GSDMD. The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was measured by JC-1 staining. Mitophagy and autophagic flux were recorded by transmission electron microscopy and fluorescent image. RESULTS: GSDMD-N showed a time-dependent pattern of translocation from mitochondria to cytoplasmic membrane under LPS and Nigericin induced inflammatory stress in HL-1 cardiomyocytes. GSDMD-N preferred to localize to mitochondria to permeablize its membrane and dissipate the MMP. This effect couldn't be reversed by cyclosporine-A (mPTP inhibitor), indicating GSDMD-N pores as alternative mechanism underlying MMP regulation, in addition to mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). Moreover, the combination between GSDMD-N and autophagy related Microtubule Associated Protein 1 Light Chain 3 Beta (LC3B) was verified by co-immunoprecipitation. Besides, mitophagy alleviating GSDMD-N induced mitochondrial injury was proved by pre-treatment of autophagy antagonist or agonist in GSDMD-knock out or GSDMD-overexpression cells. A time-dependent pattern of GSDMD translocation and mitochondrial GSDMD targeted mitophagy were verified. CONCLUSION: Herein, our study confirmed a crosstalk between GSDMD-N induced mitochondrial injury and mitophagy mediated mitochondria quality control during LPS related inflammation induced cardiomyocyte injury, which potentially facilitating the development of therapeutic target to myocardial inflammatory disease. Our findings support pharmaceutical intervention on enhancing autophagy or inhibiting GSDMD as potential target for inflammatory heart disease treatment.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias , Mitocôndrias , Mitofagia , Miócitos Cardíacos , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , Humanos , Inflamação , Lipopolissacarídeos , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Poro de Transição de Permeabilidade Mitocondrial , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nigericina , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/genética , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros/genética , Controle de Qualidade
3.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 68(5): 103-110, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029492

RESUMO

The study focused on the role of mitophagy in neonatal ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). Immunoassays were used to study the TLR9 signaling pathway of neonatal VILI, expected to provide a feasible solution for neonatal VILI. The mice were randomly divided into four groups, group A: spontaneous breathing group; group B: normal tidal volume (VT) group (VT=9mL/kg); group C: high VT group (VT=39mL/kg); and group D: ODN2088 (400µg/ Only) intervention + high VT group. The four groups were compared for the expression of inflammatory factors. It was found that as the culture time increased, the expression of TLR9, MyD88, and NF-κBp65 in the lung tissue of the large VT group was significantly higher than those in the spontaneous breathing group and normal VT group, and the differences were statistically significant; and TLR9 inhibitors could activate the TLR9-MyD88 signaling pathway to up-regulate the expression of NF-κB, mediating the release of inflammatory factors to cause VILI.


Assuntos
Receptor Toll-Like 9 , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica , Animais , Camundongos , Mitofagia , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide , Transdução de Sinais
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(35): 10836-10846, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998314

RESUMO

Food consumption is a significant exposure route to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). The concentrations of 27 PFAS in fast food were determined by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. In ice cream, instant noodles, and bubble tea, some PFAS were detected, among which perfluorooctanoic acid, perfluoro-n-butanoic acid, and 6:2 polyfluoroalkyl phosphate monoester showed relatively high concentrations. PFAS migrating from bubble tea cups to the food simulant of 50% ethanol aqueous solution showed a difference compared with those migrating into bubble tea matrices. The migration of 27 PFAS to bubble tea samples indicated that long storage time increased PFAS levels (up to 4.8 times) and so did high storage temperature (up to 7.3 times). The hazard ratio, defined as the ratio of the estimated daily intake and the reference dose, was calculated, and it suggests that the total PFAS exposure risk due to consumption of bubble tea should be of concern.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Fluorcarbonetos , Sorvetes , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Fast Foods/análise , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Sorvetes/análise , Chá
5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 903316, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35859583

RESUMO

Background: Blood glucose disorders are prevalent in heart failure, while the influence of the gut microbiota on this process remains unclear. Here, we used heart failure model mice and fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) mice to evaluate the effect of the gut microbiota on the regulation of blood glucose during heart failure. Methods: Thoracic aortic constriction (TAC) surgery was performed in a heart failure model, while an antibiotic cocktail was used to eliminate the microbiota to establish a germ-free (GF) model. Blood glucose, insulin, and glucagon levels were measured, and an intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) was performed. 16S rRNA sequencing and metabolomics were used to evaluate the changes in gut microbiota structure and metabolism induced by TAC. Another group of FMT mice was established to observe the effect of the gut microbiota on host metabolism. Results: After microbiota clearance, the glucagon concentration, the homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and the area under the curve (AUC) of the IPGTT were decreased significantly in the TAC germ-free (TAC-GF) group in the third month as compared to the other groups. 16S rRNA sequencing indicated that TAC surgery affected the gut microbiota structure, and fecal metabolomics suggested that noradrenaline and adrenaline levels were higher in the TAC group than in the sham group. The FMT mice transplanted with the feces of the TAC (FMT-TAC) mice displayed a higher AUC of IPGTT, accompanied by a higher glucagon level, insulin level, and HOMA-IR than those of the mice in the other groups. The serum metabolomics of the FMT-TAC group showed that noradrenaline levels were significantly higher than those of the FMT-sham group. Conclusion: The gut microbiota and its metabolism were altered during heart failure, which increased blood glucose and glucagon in the host.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687660

RESUMO

A novel ligninase-producing actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-G4T, was isolated from a soil sample and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study to establish its status. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the isolate was identified as a member of the genus Nocardia, with the highest sequence similarity to Nocardia ignorata DSM 44496T (99.2 %). The whole-cell sugars contained galactose and arabinose. The amino acid of the cell wall was determined to be meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major fatty acids (>10 %) were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c, C18 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c. The predominant menaquinone was identified as MK-8(H6, ω-cycl). The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. Strain NEAU-G4T had a draft genome size of 6 405 167 bp, annotated with 5815 protein-coding genes. The DNA G+C content was 67.6 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences showed that strain NEAU-G4T formed a stable phyletic line with N. ignorata DSM 44496T. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between them were 63.7 % (60.8-66.5 %) and 95.5 %, respectively. Moreover, genomic analysis indicated that strain NEAU-G4T had the potential to degrade lignin and produce bioactive compounds. On the basis of genotypic analysis, physiological data, as well as phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterizations, it is concluded that the organism be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Nocardia, for which the name Nocardia rosealba sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-G4T (=CCTCC AA 2020038T=DSM 111936T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Nocardia , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oxigenases , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 430: 128494, 2022 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739675

RESUMO

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a family of emerging contaminants which are widely present in environment. In this work, novel UiO-66-F4/polyacrylonitrile (UiO-66-F4/PAN) hybrid nanofibers were firstly prepared via blend electrospinning or in-situ growth method for the pipette-tip solid phase extraction of PFASs. Characterizations demonstrate the as-synthesized UiO-66-F4/PAN nanofibers have good chemical and thermal stability, possess large surface area (248 m²/g) and mesoporous framework structure. Several extraction factors including the amount of adsorbent, pH and ionic strength of sample solution, extraction time and eluent were investigated and the optimum conditions are 20 mg of the selected sorbent, adjusting to pH 5 and adding 4% w/v NaCl to sample solution, extraction for 12 min (3 min × 4). The good adsorption affinity of UiO-66-F4/PAN for PFASs can be attributed to the extensive adsorption sites and multiple interactions including hydrophobic interaction, hydrogen bonding and F-F interaction. Low limit of detection (0.008-0.076 µg/L), limit of quantification (0.010-0.163 µg/L) and recoveries (70.84-113.57%) for 9 PFASs with relative standard deviations < 15% were achieved. When applied in the analysis of target PFASs in lake water, tap water, beverage, and shrimp muscle samples, this method could achieve robust and accurate results with sufficient sensitivity for nine PFASs.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos , Nanofibras , Resinas Acrílicas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanofibras/química , Ácidos Ftálicos , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Água/química
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763142

RESUMO

2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) is a hazardous chlorinated organic chemical, so its removal is an important task to protect the whole ecosystem and human health. During the material preparation, the magnetic graphitic carbon adsorbent (HFMCM) with a sparse sheet-like stacking structure was formed by interlayer assembly of nickel hydroxide nanosheets and hydrothermal glucose carbon. The conditions for optimal performance of the adsorbent are 45 °C and pH 5. The maximum adsorption capacity of HFMCM-180 for 2,4-DCP is 147.06 mg·g-1. Adsorption behavior in accordance with Langmuir isothermal model and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. The adsorbent remains selective for 2,4-DCP in metal ion solutions. More than 75% of the adsorption capacity is maintained after five cycles of adsorption. Electrostatic interaction, hydrogen bonding, and π-π bonding play a major role in the adsorption of 2,4-DCP by HFMCM. The adsorbent was glucose as the carbon source, nickel sulfate as the magnetic source, and hexamethylenetetramine as the precipitant. Its carbonization after pretreatment with different hydrothermal temperatures resulted in the synthesis of flower-like graphitic carbon spheres with magnetic properties. The interconnected pore channels on the adsorbent surface conferred large specific surface area to the material. 2,4-DCP was efficiently adsorbed by π-π stacking, hydrogen bonding, and electrostatic attraction within the pore channels with low spatial potential resistance.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aesculetin (AE), a natural coumarin derivative found in traditional medicinal herbs, has a variety of pharmacological effects. However, the role of AE and its molecular mechanisms of action on bladder cancer remain undefined. OBJECTIVE: To explore the anti-tumor effects of AE on bladder cancer cells and the associated molecular mechanisms. METHODS: We performed a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay to examine the inhibitory effects of AE on 5637 and T24 cells. The anti-tumor effects of AE on 5637 cells were evaluated by performing colony formation, living/dead cell staining, apoptosis, cell cycle, migration and invasion assays. The expression levels of related proteins were determined using western blotting. RESULTS: The viability of 5637 and T24 cells was decreased by AE. AE significantly inhibited colony formation, arrested the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, decreased migration and invasion, decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential and increased apoptosis in 5637 cells. Western blotting results showed the release of cytochrome C from mitochondria; the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3; decreases in CDK4, CCND1, MMP2 and MMP9 levels and an increase in the BAX/BCL-2 protein ratio after treatment with AE. AE also downregulated the levels of p-ERK and p-MEK proteins. Pre-treatment with U0126 significantly enhanced the anti-tumor effects of AE. CONCLUSIONS: AE inhibited the proliferation and induced the apoptosis of bladder cancer cells through the MEK/ERK pathway. These findings provide possible therapeutic strategies for bladder cancer.

10.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 16(3): 206-213, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is strongly associated with inflammation which contributes to the development of several obesity-related disorders. Accumulating evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the pathogenesis of multiple human diseases, including childhood obesity. MiR-122-5p was reported to be related to obesity in childhood, however, the detailed function and mechanism of miR-122-5p are still obscure. METHODS: Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) adipocytes were cocultured with macrophage cell line THP-1 or macrophage-conditioned medium (MacCM) to promote cytokine expression. Oil Red O staining was used to detect the accumulation of lipid droplets in SGBS cells. The expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) at mRNA and protein levels was assessed by RT-qPCR and ELISA, respectively. Western blotting was used for measuring protein levels of target genes of miR-122-5p. The luciferase reporter assay was applied for detecting the binding relation between miR-122-5p and cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 1 (CPEB1). RESULTS: Coculture of SGBS adipocytes and THP-1 macrophages/MacCM promoted IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 expression at mRNA and protein levels. Overexpression of miR-122-5p inhibited IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 expression in SGBS adipocytes, and this inhibitory effect was rescued by CPEB1 upregulation. CPEB1 3'-untranslated region was directly targeted by miR-122-5p. CONCLUSION: MiR-122-5p suppresses cytokine expression in SGBS adipocytes by targeting CPEB1.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Obesidade Pediátrica , Arritmias Cardíacas , Criança , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X , Gigantismo , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Poliadenilação e Clivagem de mRNA/genética
11.
J Chromatogr A ; 1674: 463151, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35605470

RESUMO

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have raised serious public health concerns because of their potential adverse effects in humans as revealed by toxicological and epidemiological research. However, routine monitoring of PFASs is still challenging due to their trace levels in various environmental and biological matrices. In this study, magnetic composite materials based on iron (II, III) oxide (Fe3O4) with surface functionalization by cucurbit(n)uril (CB(n)) (Fe3O4@CB(n)) (n = 6, 7, 8), were prepared and evaluated as new adsorbents for the magnetic solid-phase extraction of nine PFASs in lake water, tap water and fish muscle samples. The Fe3O4@CB(n) was characterized to examine their surface morphologies, sizes magnetism and thermal stability. Featuring good aqueous solution dispersibility, the macrocyclic structure of Fe3O4@CB(n) was also endowed with strong host-guest interactions, allowing extraction and enrichment capability towards the PFASs in complex matrices. MSPE using Fe3O4@CB(7) combination with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry, gave satisfactory quantitative analytical performance with low limits of detection of 0.004-0.04 µg L-1 and limits of quantification of 0.005-0.1 µg L-1, linearities ranging from 0.01 to 10 µg L-1 with high coefficients of determination (R2 ≥ 0.993), and enrichment factors (15-76) for the nine target PFASs. The method proved to be effective for the enrichment and analysis of trace levels of PFASs in genuine environmental water and fish muscle samples, indicating that Fe3O4@CB(7) has promising applicability as an adsorbent for these contaminants.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Espectrometria de Massas , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Água
12.
Environ Pollut ; 306: 119442, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568291

RESUMO

Vaccines are essential for children to defend against infection. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are emerging contaminants with the characteristics of persistence and bioaccumulation. PFAS exposure can affect the function of the nervous, endocrine, and immune system of animals and humans. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the epidemiological studies investigating potential relationships between PFAS exposure and vaccine antibody levels, and assessed whether PFAS would affect vaccine response in healthy children. A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases up to February 2022. We chose studies that measured serum vaccines antibodies and PFAS concentrations of the participants. Essential information, including mean difference of percentage change, regression coefficient, odds ratio, Spearman correlation coefficient, and 95% confidence intervals, were extracted from the selected studies to conduct descriptive analysis and meta-analysis where appropriate. The qualities of these studies were evaluated as well. Finally, nine epidemiological studies about children met our inclusion criteria. A high degree of heterogeneity is observed in terms of breastfeeding time, confounder control, and detection method. Exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorohexane sulfonic acid is negatively associated with tetanus antibody level in children without heterogeneity by Cochran's Q test (p = 0.26; p = 0.55), and exposure to perfluorohexane sulfonate is negatively associated with tetanus antibody level but with heterogeneity (p = 0.04). This comprehensive review suggests that PFAS can have adverse health effects on children by hindering the production of vaccine antibodies. There are some consistent and negative associations between children exposure to certain PFAS and tetanus antibody level. The association of the other four vaccines (measles, rubella, mumps, and influenza) with PFAS remains uncertain, because very few studies are available. Further studies are needed to validate the possible associations.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Poluentes Ambientais , Fluorcarbonetos , Tétano , Anticorpos Antivirais , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Humanos , Tétano/induzido quimicamente
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 211: 150-158, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568148

RESUMO

This study explored the mechanism underlying the interactions between polysaccharides and ovalbumin-ferulic acid (OVA-FA) and the effect of polysaccharides on OVA-FA-stabilized emulsions. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to study the polysaccharide OVA-FA interactions mechanism and to resolve the changes in the protein secondary structure and crystal structure. OVA-FA-polysaccharide-stabilized emulsions were studied using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), and their rheological properties and stability were determined. The results showed that the non-covalent interactions between polysaccharides and OVA-FA led to an increase in the ß-sheet content of OVA and a decrease in the α-helix and random coil contents. The stability of the OVA-FA-polysaccharide-stabilized emulsions was better compared with that of the OVA-FA-stabilized emulsions. By comparing the different OVA-FA-polysaccharide-stabilized emulsions, we observed that OVA-FA-agar did not stabilize the emulsion well, while the OVA-FA-SA- and OVA-FA-KC-stabilized emulsions had good elasticity, and the microstructure and storage stability of the OVA-FA-KC-stabilized emulsion were better. Our findings provide a new perspective for the application of OVA-FA-KC in complex food emulsions.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cumáricos , Polissacarídeos , Emulsões/química , Ovalbumina/química
14.
Pathol Res Pract ; 234: 153896, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462228

RESUMO

Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory syndrome caused by infection disorders. The core mechanism of sepsis is immune dysfunction. Neutrophils are the most abundant circulating white blood cells, which play a crucial role in mediating the innate immune response. Previous studies have shown that an effective way to treat sepsis is through the regulation of neutrophil functions. Autophagy, a highly conserved degradation process, is responsible for removing denatured proteins or damaged organelles within cells and protecting cells from external stimuli. It is a key homeostasis process that promotes neutrophil function and differentiation. Autophagy has been shown to be closely associated with inflammation and immunity. Neutrophils, the first line of innate immunity, migrate to inflammatory sites upon their activation. Neutrophil-mediated autophagy may participate in the clinical course of sepsis. In this review, we summarized and analyzed the latest research findings on the changes in neutrophil external traps during sepsis, the regulatory role of autophagy in neutrophil, and the potential application of autophagy-driven NETs in sepsis, so as to guide clinical treatment of sepsis.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Sepse , Autofagia/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Neutrófilos , Sepse/metabolismo
15.
J Mater Chem B ; 10(25): 4783-4788, 2022 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343562

RESUMO

An abnormal level of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity is highly connected with hepatic damage and Alzheimer's disease. Herein, a facile and efficient method was proposed for BChE detection by incorporating polyethyleneimine-capped copper nanoclusters (PEI-CuNCs) with manganese dioxide (MnO2) nanosheets. The emission of PEI-CuNCs can be significantly quenched by MnO2 nanosheets via the inner filter effect. With the addition of BChE, the hydrolysis of butyrylthiocholine iodide produces thiocholine which can reduce MnO2 nanosheets to Mn2+, thus resulting in the fluorescence recovery of PEI-CuNCs. Based on that, a fluorescence "turn-on" sensing platform for BChE activity determination was constructed with a detection limit of 2.26 U L-1. This sensing method is able to detect BChE in human serum samples and identify the serums of normal persons and cirrhotic patients effectively, indicating its great potential in the clinical diagnosis of liver diseases. Furthermore, the approach can also be used to screen BChE inhibitors, which are promising medications to alleviate the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Compostos de Manganês , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Butirilcolinesterase , Cobre , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Compostos de Manganês/farmacologia , Óxidos , Polietilenoimina
16.
J Sport Health Sci ; 11(4): 466-478, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Promoting cardiac lymphangiogenesis exerts beneficial effects for the heart. Exercise can induce physiological cardiac growth with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and increased proliferation markers in cardiomyocytes. However, it remains unclear whether and how lymphangiogenesis contributes to exercise-induced physiological cardiac growth. We aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of lymphangiogenesis in exercise-induced physiological cardiac growth. METHODS: Adult C57BL6/J mice were subjected to 3 weeks of swimming exercise to induce physiological cardiac growth. Oral treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR3) inhibitor SAR131675 was used to investigate whether cardiac lymphangiogenesis was required for exercise-induced physiological cardiac growth by VEGFR3 activation. Furthermore, human dermal lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC)-conditioned medium was collected to culture isolated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes to determine whether and how LECs could influence cardiomyocyte proliferation and hypertrophy. RESULTS: Swimming exercise induced physiological cardiac growth accompanied by a remarkable increase of cardiac lymphangiogenesis as evidenced by increased density of lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronic acid receptor 1-positive lymphatic vessels in the heart and upregulated LYVE-1 and Podoplanin expressions levels. VEGFR3 was upregulated in the exercised heart, while VEGFR3 inhibitor SAR131675 attenuated exercise-induced physiological cardiac growth as evidenced by blunted myocardial hypertrophy and reduced proliferation marker Ki67 in cardiomyocytes, which was correlated with reduced lymphatic vessel density and downregulated LYVE-1 and Podoplanin in the heart upon exercise. Furthermore, LEC-conditioned medium promoted both hypertrophy and proliferation of cardiomyocytes and contained higher levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 and the extracellular protein Reelin, while LEC-conditioned medium from LECs treated with SAR131675 blocked these effects. Functional rescue assays further demonstrated that protein kinase B (AKT) activation, as well as reduced CCAAT enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPß) and increased CBP/p300-interacting transactivators with E (glutamic acid)/D (aspartic acid)-rich-carboxylterminal domain 4 (CITED4), contributed to the promotive effect of LEC-conditioned medium on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and proliferation. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that cardiac lymphangiogenesis is required for exercise-induced physiological cardiac growth by VEGFR3 activation, and they indicate that LEC-conditioned medium promotes both physiological hypertrophy and proliferation of cardiomyocytes through AKT activation and the C/EBPß-CITED4 axis. These results highlight the essential roles of cardiac lymphangiogenesis in exercise-induced physiological cardiac growth.


Assuntos
Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Linfangiogênese , Miócitos Cardíacos , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Animais , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos
17.
Mol Ther ; 30(4): 1675-1691, 2022 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35077859

RESUMO

Exercise and its regulated molecules have myocardial protective effects against cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The muscle-enriched miR-486 was previously identified to be upregulated in the exercised heart, which prompted us to investigate the functional roles of miR-486 in cardiac I/R injury and to further explore its potential in contributing to exercise-induced protection against I/R injury. Our data showed that miR-486 was significantly downregulated in the heart upon cardiac I/R injury. Both preventive and therapeutic interventions of adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9)-mediated miR-486 overexpression could reduce cardiac I/R injury. Using AAV9 expressing miR-486 with a cTnT promoter, we further demonstrated that cardiac muscle cell-targeted miR-486 overexpression was also sufficient to protect against cardiac I/R injury. Consistently, miR-486 was downregulated in oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGDR)-stressed cardiomyocytes, while upregulating miR-486 inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis through PTEN and FoxO1 inhibition and AKT/mTOR activation. Finally, we observed that miR-486 was necessary for exercise-induced protection against cardiac I/R injury. In conclusion, miR-486 is protective against cardiac I/R injury and myocardial apoptosis through targeting of PTEN and FoxO1 and activation of the AKT/mTOR pathway, and mediates the beneficial effect of exercise for myocardial protection. Increasing miR-486 might be a promising therapeutic strategy for myocardial protection.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Apoptose/genética , Humanos , Isquemia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
18.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1192: 339387, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35057925

RESUMO

The incorporation of fluorescent nanoprobes into three dimensional (3D) matrixes is capable of enhancing the fluorescence properties of nanoprobes and greatly benefiting sensing application. In this work, N-acetyl-l-cysteine capped-copper nanoclusters (NAC-CuNCs) were incorporated into 3D mesoporous silica particles (M-SiO2) through electrostatic assembly. The assembly process takes only 2 min, and the fluorescence emission and quantum yield of NAC-CuNCs were significantly improved owing to the electrostatic confinement effect of M-SiO2. The prepared M-SiO2@NAC-CuNCs was further integrated with MnO2 nanosheets, a newly-emerged fluorescence nanoquencher with broad absorption spectrum. The emission intensity of M-SiO2@NAC-CuNCs was significantly decreased in the presence of MnO2 nanosheets by inner filter effect (IFE), and then recovered by ascorbic acid generated by the enzymolysis of l-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate (AAP) in the presence of acid phosphatase (ACP). On this basis, an enhanced emission platform was developed for "turn off-on" detection of ACP, a key indicator for diagnosis of prostate cancer. The detection limit for ACP activity was 0.47 U/L. Moreover, the approach was used to monitor ACP level in real serum samples with high accuracy, providing an attractive approach for clinical diagnosis of prostate cancer and other ACP-related diseases.


Assuntos
Cobre , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Fosfatase Ácida , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , Dióxido de Silício
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(1): 1532-1545, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355321

RESUMO

As an inevitable industrial by-product, polyaluminum chloride residue (PACR) will cause serious harm to the environment if directly buried and dumped. The aim of this paper was searched a new economical, environmental, and practical way of utilization for PACR. In this paper, a novel non-burning PACR compound filler was made from mainly PACR. The prepared compound filler has excellent physical properties and phosphate adsorption efficiency of up to 99.9%. Static adsorption experiments showed that the adsorption process of phosphorus by the compound filler conformed to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and intra-particle diffusion model. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models described the phosphorus adsorption process well, and the maximum phosphate adsorption capacity arrived at 42.55 mg/g. The phosphate adsorption by the compound filler is a spontaneous endothermic process. The main mechanisms are ligand exchange and Lewis acid-base interactions; calcium and aluminum play important roles in the adsorption of phosphorus by the compound filler. Dynamic column experiments showed that as much as 90% of the phosphorus removal by compound filler, and the phosphorus concentration decreased from 1 to ~0.1mg/L. The results provide a new waste resource utilization method for PACR and show the good application potential of prepared compound filler in constructed wetlands.


Assuntos
Fosfatos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Hidróxido de Alumínio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
ACS Omega ; 6(39): 25720-25728, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632228

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrated a facile approach for fabrication of Au nanoflowers (Au NFs) using an amino-containing organosilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), as a shape-directing agent. In this approach, the morphology of the Au particles evolved from sphere-like to flower-like with increasing the concentration of APTES, accompanied by a red shift in the localized surface plasmon resonance peak from 520 to 685 nm. It was identified that the addition of APTES is profitable to direct the preferential growth of the (111) plane of face-centered cubic gold and promote the formation of anisotropic Au NFs. The as-prepared Au NFs, with APTES on their surface, presented effective catalytic and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) performances, as evidenced by their applications in catalyzing the dimerization of p-aminothiophenol and monitoring the reaction process via in situ SERS analysis.

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