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1.
Biomed J ; 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important regulatory role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. MiR-95-3p has been reported to be an oncogene in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the role of miR-95-3p in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) remains unclear. METHODS: miR-95-3p was validated in an independent validation sample cohort of 215 CRC tissues. Functional assays, Cell proliferation (MTT) assay colony formation, wound healing, transwell and animal xenograft assays were used to determine the oppressor role of miR-95-3p in human CRC progression. Furthermore, Bioinformatics analysis, western blotting and dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to determine the mechanism by which miR-95-3p suppresses progression of CRC cells. RESULTS: In this study, we found that miR-95-3p was downregulated in CRC tissues. The low level of miR-95-3p in CRC tumors was correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics, and it predicted poor prognosis in CRC patients. The overexpression of miR-95-3p significantly inhibited CRC cell proliferation, colony formation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatic analysis further identified hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) as a novel target of miR-95-3p in CRC cells. These findings suggest that miR-95-3p regulates CRC cell survival, partially through the downregulation of HDGF. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, the miR-95-3p/HDGF axis might serve as a novel therapeutic target in patients with CRC.

2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 311, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has expanded to cause a worldwide outbreak that more than 600,000 people infected and tens of thousands died. To date, the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients in the non-Wuhan areas of Hubei Province in China have not been described. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and treatment progress of 91 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in Jingzhou Central Hospital. RESULTS: Of the 91 patients diagnosed with COVID-19, 30 cases (33.0%) were severe and two patients (2.2%) died. The severe disease group tended to be older (50.5 vs. 42.0 years; p = 0.049) and have more chronic disease (40% vs. 14.8%; p = 0.009) relative to mild disease group. Only 73.6% of the patients were quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-positive on their first tests, while typical chest computed tomography images were obtained for each patient. The most common complaints were cough (n = 75; 82.4%), fever (n = 59; 64.8%), fatigue (n = 35; 38.5%), and diarrhea (n = 14; 15.4%). Non-respiratory injury was identified by elevated levels of aspartate aminotransferase (n = 18; 19.8%), creatinine (n = 5; 5.5%), and creatine kinase (n = 14; 15.4%) in laboratory tests. Twenty-eight cases (30.8%) suffered non-respiratory injury, including 50% of the critically ill patients and 21.3% of the mild patients. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the mortality rate of patients in Jingzhou was lower than that of Wuhan. Importantly, we found liver, kidney, digestive tract, and heart injuries in COVID-19 cases besides respiratory problems. Combining chest computed tomography images with the qPCR analysis of throat swab samples can improve the accuracy of COVID-19 diagnosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Tosse/etiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6197, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277152

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to be important in a variety of cancer types. The specific expression and roles of miR-520f-3p in the context of gastric cancer (GC), however, remains unknown. Herein we determined miR-520f-3p expression to be significantly reduced in human GC cells compared to cells of the gastric epithelium, with comparable down-regulation also being evident in gastric cancer tissue samples and the low expression of this miRNA was positively correlated with features of more aggressive large tumor size (p = 0.019), depth of invasion (p = 0.008), and distant metastasis (p = 0.037). We further found that lower levels of miR-520f-3p corresponded with poorer GC patient overall (p = 0.003) and disease-free (p = 0.036) survival. When over-expressed in GC cells, miR-520f-3p was able to impair their growth, proliferation, and survival, instead leading to the induction of apoptosis. We further found that miR-520f-3p was able to bind the SOX9 3'-UTR, thereby negatively regulating its expression in GC cells. Consistent with this model, SOX9 and miR-520f-3p expression were negatively correlated with one another in GC tissues. When SOX9 was upregulated, this was also able to abrogate miR-520f-3p-mediated inactivation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Together our findings thus suggest that miR-520f-3p can act to suppress GC progression, at least in part via suppressing SOX9 expression and thus disrupting Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Our results thus highlight potential novel therapeutic targets in GC worthy of future investigation.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017706

RESUMO

This paper was originally published in Aging Advance Online Publications on February 2, 2020. In compliance with Aging's withdrawal policy, the paper was withdrawn in its entirety. It will not appear in Aging internal or any external indexes or archives.

5.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(10): e00860, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important regulatory role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Aberrant expression of miR-497-5p has been reported in various human malignancies. However, the role of miR-497-5p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. RESULTS: In this study, we found that miR-497-5p was downregulated in HCC tissues. The low level of miR-497-5p in HCC tumors was correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics and predicted poor prognosis in HCC patients. The overexpression of miR-497-5p significantly inhibited HCC cell proliferation, colony formation, and metastasis in vitro and vivo. Bioinformatics analysis further identified insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) as a novel target of miR-497-5p in HCC cells. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that miR-497-5p regulates HCC cell survival, partially through downregulation of IGF1. Therefore, the miR-497-5p/IGF1 axis might serve as a novel therapeutic target in patients with HCC.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9820, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285444

RESUMO

MicroRNA-212-3p inhibits several human cancers but its effects on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. In this study, we show that miR-212-3p is down-regulated in HCC cell lines and tissues, and correlates with vascular invasion (p = 0.001), and the absence of capsule formation (p = 0.009). We found that miR-212-3p influenced the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HCCLM3 and Huh7 cells. Mechanistically, miR-212-3p repressed cell invasion through the suppression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). We therefore validate the anti-HCC effects of miR-212-3p through its ability to suppress CTGF and subsequent EMT.

7.
J Diabetes ; 11(10): 786-793, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative modulation of the gut microbiome has been suggested to contribute to the metabolic benefits after metabolic surgery, but the mechanisms underlying these metabolic benefits remain unknown. Previously, we reported that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats increased the abundance of Proteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria. However, theoretically, these Gram-negative bacteria may elevate lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels. Therefore, in this study we further investigated the potential mechanisms by which RYGB improves glucose homeostasis, endotoxemia, and inflammatory stress in ZDF rats. METHODS: Rats were divided into three groups: (a) an RYGB group (RY); (b) a sham-operated group pair-fed with the RY group; and (c) a sham-operated group fed ad libitum. Changes in LPS, cytokine levels, intestinal permeability (evaluated using the fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran method), and intestinal epithelial tight junction proteins zona occludins (ZO)-1, occludin, and claudin-1 were assessed 10 weeks postoperatively. RESULTS: Rats that underwent RYGB exhibited sustained weight loss and reduced glucose, as well as lower cytokine and LPS concentrations, than rats in the control groups. In the colonic epithelium, ZO1 and claudin-1 (Cldn1) mRNA levels were higher in the RY than control groups. Intestinal permeability declined in the RY group and was positively correlated with LPS levels and negatively correlated with ZO-1, occludin, and claudin-1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that RYGB can reduce the extent of endotoxemia and inflammation, which is associated with improved tight junction integrity and intestinal barrier strength. These effects may explain why a low level of inflammation is maintained after RYGB and the postoperative increase in Gram-negative bacteria.

8.
Oncol Lett ; 17(2): 2317-2327, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30675297

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve an important regulatory role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Aberrant expression of miR-197-3p has been reported in various human malignancies. However, the role of miR-197-3p in the progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. The present study demonstrated that miR-197-3p was downregulated in HCC tissues and that the low level of miR-197-3p expression in HCC tumours correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics; thus, miR-197-3p may serve as a predictor for poor prognosis in patients with HCC. Additionally, miR-197-3p markedly inhibited the metastasis of HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis further identified zinc finger protein interacted with K protein 1 (ZIK1) as a novel target of miR-197-3p in HCC cells. These findings suggest that miR-197-3p may regulate the survival of HCC cells, partially through the downregulation of ZIK1. Therefore, the miR-197-3p/ZIK1 axis may serve as a novel therapeutic target in patients with HCC.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(38): e12297, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30235675

RESUMO

Adenoma miss rate (AMR) has been calculated in several tandem colonoscopy studies, but it costs overmuch to carry out a clinical trial.We aimed to put forward AMR by taking advantage of retrospective data, and to judge the comparability between AMRs from prospective and retrospective data.Data of the patients accepting repeated colonoscopies during January to September 2016 was retrospectively collected and analyzed. Information was recorded, including bowel preparation quality of the first colonoscopy, size, location, histology and whether missed within the first colonoscopy of each single adenoma. AMR was compared by different risk factors through χ test and multivariable logistic regression.Around 267 adenomas were detected during 309 pairs of repeated colonoscopies, of which 66 were missed during the first colonoscopies. AMRs of the lesions small in size, nonadvanced in histology, in poor bowel preparation context and located in the proximal colon, were significantly higher than the opposite ones, and old age and male were related to adenoma missing (P < .05). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, adenoma-related factors (diminutive in size, poor bowel preparation and located in ascending colon, transverse colon or sigmoid colon), and patient-related factors (older than 60 years, male and poor bowel preparation) were found to be independently associated with missing adenomas (P < .05).AMR of retrospective data is comparable to that of tandem studies. Several risk factors influence AMR dramatically, which should be paid attention to.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/patologia , Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Erros de Diagnóstico/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Catárticos , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
10.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 10461, 2018 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992971

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that miR-494-3p is oncogene and has a central role in many solid tumors; however, the role of miR-494-3p in the progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. In this study, it was found that miR-494-3p was up-regulated in HCC tissues. The high level of miR-494-3p in HCC tumors was correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics and predicted poor prognosis in HCC patients. Functional study demonstrated that miR-494-3p significantly promoted HCC cell metastasis in vitro and vivo. Since phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase-B (PI3K/AKT) signaling is a basic oncogenic driver in HCC, a potential role of miR-494-3p was explored as well as its target genes in PI3K/AKT activation. Of all the predicted target genes of miR-494-3p, the tumor-suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) were identified. In conclusion, the data we collected could define an original mechanism of PI3K/AKT hyperactivation and sketch the regulatory role of miR-494-3p in suppressing the expression of PTEN. Therefore, targeting miR-494-3p could provide an effective therapeutic method for the treatment of the disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/antagonistas & inibidores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/análise , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Int J Surg ; 54(Pt A): 254-258, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29753000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled study investigated the feasibility of early ambulation after liver resection and the effect of the amount of activity on postoperative recovery. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who underwent liver resection were randomly divided into two groups for the comparative analysis of the following factors: amount of activity, pain control, sleeping state, perioperative gastrointestinal function recovery, incidence of complications and postoperative hospital stay. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, patients undergoing liver resection performing early postoperative ambulation had faster gastrointestinal function recovery (First exhaust time 2.2 ±â€¯1.4 vs. 3.3 ±â€¯2.3 p < 0.01; First flatus time 2.3 ±â€¯1.7 vs. 3.1 ±â€¯2.5 p = 0.04) and shorter postoperative hospital stays (6.6 ±â€¯2.3 vs. 7.7 ±â€¯2.1 p = 0.01), with statistically significant differences. There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Early ambulation after liver resection is safe and feasible. It can reduce the patient's pain and economic burden, increase the patient's comfort, reduce the nursing workload, achieve rapid recovery, and improve patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Hepatectomia/reabilitação , Adulto , Idoso , Deambulação Precoce/psicologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Trato Gastrointestinal/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Incidência , Tempo de Internação , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Surg Obes Relat Dis ; 14(6): 810-820, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29571634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of metabolic surgery on the glucose and lipid profiles of nonobese body mass index<30 kg/m2 patients with type 2 diabetes, particularly the effect ≥1 year, remains unknown. METHODS: PubMed and Ovid Embase were used. SETTING: University hospitals. RESULTS: In total, 21 studies including 921 patients were examined in this systematic review, the results of which revealed decrease in body mass index, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin A1C, fasting C-peptide, fasting insulin, homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. An increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was also observed. The diabetes remission rates ranged from 13.3% to 90.2% according to 20 studies. The incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding ranged from 1% to 10% according to 9 studies. Four studies reported anemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or one-anastomosis gastric bypass, with the incidence ranging from 8% to 33%. CONCLUSIONS: Nonobese patients can achieve improvements in weight-related indices and glucose and lipid profiles in the short and medium term after metabolic surgery; however, the complications of metabolic surgery warrant further attention.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Circunferência da Cintura , Perda de Peso/fisiologia
13.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 178(1): 43-56, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28916564

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is recommended for patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Recent evidence suggested a strong connection between gut microbiota and bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: The PubMed and OVID EMBASE were used, and articles concerning bariatric surgery and gut microbiota were screened. The main outcome measures were alterations of gut microbiota after bariatric surgery and correlations between gut microbiota and host metabolism. We applied the system of evidence level to evaluate the alteration of microbiota. Modulation of short-chain fatty acid and gut genetic content was also investigated. RESULTS: Totally 12 animal experiments and 9 clinical studies were included. Based on strong evidence, 4 phyla (Bacteroidetes, Fusobacteria, Verrucomicrobia and Proteobacteria) increased after surgery; within the phylum Firmicutes, Lactobacillales and Enterococcus increased; and within the phylum Proteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Enterobacteriales Enterobacteriaceae and several genera and species increased. Decreased microbial groups were Firmicutes, Clostridiales, Clostridiaceae, Blautia and Dorea. However, the change in microbial diversity is still under debate. Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Lactobacillus and Coprococcus comes are implicated in many of the outcomes, including body composition and glucose homeostasis. CONCLUSIONS: There is strong evidence to support a considerable alteration of the gut microbiome after bariatric surgery. Deeper investigations are required to confirm the mechanisms that link the gut microbiome and metabolic alterations in human metabolism.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Obesidade/microbiologia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório
14.
Surg Obes Relat Dis ; 13(12): 2037-2055, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29079384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescents is associated with numerous health risks and co-morbidities, including type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia. Bariatric surgery on adolescents induces weight loss, but little is known about metabolic effects of these operations. OBJECTIVE: To explore weight loss and metabolic effects of bariatric surgery on young people. SETTING: A systematic review and meta-analysis. University Hospital, China. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched for relevant studies up to July 2017. The related studies in adolescents after operation were included. RESULTS: A total of 49 studies with 3007 patients were included. The average preoperative age ranged from 13.9 to 19.9 years. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 1216), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (n = 1028), and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (n = 665) were the most common bariatric surgeries performed. At the longest follow-up (range, 12-120 mo), bariatric surgery led to an overall 16.43 kg/m2 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.84-18.01) and 31% (95% CI: 28%-34%) reduction in body mass index. There were significant improvements in glycemic and lipid profiles including glycosylated hemoglobin A1C, fasting blood insulin, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, postoperatively at 12 months. The remission rate of dyslipidemia was 55% (95% CI: 34%-76%), 70% (95% CI: 55%-82%), and 95% (95% CI: 80%-100%) at 1, 3, and>5 years after surgery. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass produced better improvements than other surgical procedures. CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery in adolescents may achieve significant weight loss, and glycemic and lipid control. Further well-designed studies with longer follow-up are warranted to provide more reliable evidence.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Obesidade Pediátrica/metabolismo , Obesidade Pediátrica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Glicemia , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Perda de Peso
15.
J Int Med Res ; 45(3): 1200-1207, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28534698

RESUMO

Objective This study was performed to investigate the effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on healing in osteoporotic fractures via a phospholipase C (PLC)-independent pathway and explore the mechanism of PTH-mediated bone formation. Methods Ninety-six 12-week-old C57BL/6J female mice underwent bilateral ovariectomy. One month later, the lower third of the femur was fractured and the mice were treated using saline, PTH(1-28), PTH(1-34), zoledronic acid (ZA), PTH(1-28)+ZA, and PTH(1-34)+ZA. The mice were killed at weeks 2 and 4 in each group. Biomechanical testing and micro-computed tomography were performed. Results The formation and strength of the callus increased in all but the saline group. The mice treated with PTH(1-34) showed a significantly higher ultimate bending force, bending rigidity, bone mineral density, percent bone volume, and trabecular thickness than those treated with PTH(1-28). The PTH(1-34)+ZA group demonstrated the greatest improvements in the ultimate bending force, bending rigidity, bone mineral density, and relative bone volume. Conclusions PTH can promote fracture healing and callus hardness in ovariectomized mice by increasing callus formation and reconstructing trabecular bone via a PLC-independent pathway. PTH combined with ZA has a cumulative effect on the healing of fractures in ovariectomized mice.


Assuntos
Consolidação da Fratura/efeitos dos fármacos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/farmacologia , Fosfolipases Tipo C/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microtomografia por Raio-X
16.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; 33(3)2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27572277

RESUMO

Recent work with gut microbiota after bariatric surgery is limited, and the results have not been in agreement. Given the role of the gut microbiota in regulating host metabolism, we explored the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on the modifications of gut microbiota with regard to the potential influence of food intake and/or weight loss and examined their links with host metabolism. Zucker diabetic fatty rats were divided into the following groups: RYGB; sham-operated with pair-fed as RYGB; sham-operated fed ad libitum; and SG. The metabolic effects and gut microbiota profile were analyzed 10 weeks postoperatively. Associations between discriminating genera and metabolic markers after RYGB were explored. The 2 procedures induced similar glucose improvement and increased flora diversity after 10 weeks compared with sham-operated groups. RYGB induced a marked higher relative abundance of Proteobacteria/Gammaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria and increased emergence of Fusobacteria and Clostridium, whereas SG resulted in more abundant Actinobacteria compared with other groups. Most of the 12 discriminant genera correlated with changes in metabolic phenotype, but only 28.6% of these correlations were independent of weight, and 4 discriminant genera still negatively correlated with serum insulin level independent of food intake and weight loss after RYGB. These data demonstrate that RYGB and SG surgery produced similar diversity but different microbiota compositions changes in Zucker diabetic fatty rats. These findings stimulate deeper explorations of functions of the discriminate microbiota and the mechanisms linking postsurgical modulation of gut microbiota and improvements in insulin resistance.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Animais , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Trato Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Zucker
17.
Arthroscopy ; 32(10): 2009-2016, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27132769

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and translation of the original version of the Activities of Daily Living Scale of the Knee Outcome Survey into Simplified Chinese and validate of the Simplified Chinese version. METHODS: The original version was translated and cross-culturally adapted into Simplified Chinese according to the guidelines and the recommendations of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Outcome Committee. A total of 213 patients (96 male, 117 female) were selected to participate in our investigation. The inclusion criteria were as follows: 18 years of age and older, able to speak Chinese Mandarin and read Simplified Chinese, and referred to physical therapy for evaluation and treatment for a knee disorder. The exclusion criteria were as follows: patients who had disorders or impairments involving both knees, patients who had other conditions that could affect lower extremity function, patients with physical therapy related to the knee in the previous 1 month, and patients with psychological problems. Each participant was asked to complete the Knee Outcome Survey Activities of Daily Living Scale (KOS-ADLS), International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and Short Form 36 forms and to provide baseline demographic data. Each participant completed the KOS-ADLS twice on 2 nonconsecutive days for reliability evaluation. A portion of the participants (n = 161) finished the KOS-ADLS a third time 4 weeks after physical treatment to test responsiveness. RESULTS: The original version of the KOS-ADLS was well adapted and translated into Simplified Chinese. Simplified Chinese of KOS-ADLS was shown to have good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.855 to 0.929), great test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.935 to 0.961), high construct validity as we hypothesized (significant correlations with Short Form 36 subscales, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form), and high responsiveness (standard response means = 0.97 to 1.23, standard effect size = 0.81 to 0.91). CONCLUSIONS: Simplified Chinese of KOS-ADLS was shown to have good reliability, validity, and responsiveness for use in patients with knee disorders in China. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, testing of previously developed diagnostic criteria in a series of consecutive patients with universally applied gold standard.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação da Deficiência , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Traduções , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 23(4): 1039-43, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26314442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinico-pathologic features, treatment and prognosis of Castleman disease. METHODS: The clinico-pathologic data of 16 patients diagnosed as Castleman disease from January 2002 to December 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The median age was 28.5 (7-73)years old. There were 14 unicentric cases, 92.8% (13/14) of which was diagnosed as hyaline-vascular type. Two multicentric cases was diagnosed as plasmatcyic type. All the patients were treated by surgical resection and their median follow-up was 55.5 (2-150)months. As a result, 13 unicentric cases achieved sustained remission, 1 unicentric case with plasmatocytic type relapsed at 60th month after surgical resection. CONCLUSION: Clinical subtype and histopathogenic type are the dominating progonostic factors in Castleman patients. The clinical presentation of unicentric disease has been found to be benigns and the surgical resection can be used as first-line treatment method in clinic. The clinical presentation of multicentric disease may be stable or advanced, and the prognosis of advanced cases is poor as there are no effective treatments.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 35(4): 594-7, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25907952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish rabbit model of scoliosis induced with stable asymmetric lumbar loads. METHODS: Scoliosis was induced in 10 two-month-old New Zealand rabbits using 316L stainless steel springs placed between the unilateral transverse processes of L2 and L5. Serial radiographs were documented before and at 1, 4, 8, 9 and 12 weeks after the operation. At weeks, the rabbits were randomly divided into SR group (n=5) with the spring removed and SK group (n=5) without spring removal. RESULTS: All the rabbits survived the experiment with Cobb angle all greater than 10 degree at the end of the experiment. Significant changes were found in the Cobb angles and kyphotic angles at 1, 4 and 8 weeks after the operation (P<0.05). At 8 weeks, the Cobb angle, the kyphotic angle and the length of the spring were similar between SR and SK groups (P>0.05), and in the 4 weeks following spring removal in SR group, the Cobb angle and the kyphosis decreased significantly compared with those in SK group (P<0.05). Micro-CT showed that the BV/TV of the concave side was greater than that of the convex side. The length of the spring did not show obvious changes during the experiment (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Asymmetric lumbar loading is a convenient, time-saving, and highly reproducible approach for establishing rabbit models of scoliosis.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Escoliose/fisiopatologia , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Animais , Coelhos
20.
PLoS One ; 9(5): e96181, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24796785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alendronate (ALE) is a conventional drug used to treat osteoporosis. Low-magnitude whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise has been developed as a potential treatment for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether low-magnitude WBV could enhance the protective effect of ALE on bone properties in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: A total of 128 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups (SHAM, OVX+VEH, OVX+WBV, OVX + ALE, OVX+WBV+ALE). The level of WBV applied was 0.3 g at 45-55 Hz for 20 min/day, 5 day/week and for 3 months. ALE was administered in dose of 1 mg/Kg once a week. Every four weeks eight rats from each group were sacrificed and their blood and both tibiae were harvested. The expression of osteocalcin and CTX in serum was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the tibiae were subjected to metaphyseal three-point bending and µCT analysis. RESULTS: Osteocalcin rose after ovariectomy and was not appreciably changed by either alendronate or WBV alone or in combination. Alendronate treatment significantly prevented an increase in CTX. WBV alone treatment did not alter this effect. Compared with the OVX+WBV group, nearly all tested indices such as the BV/TV, TV apparent, Tb.N, Tb.Th, and Conn.D were higher in the OVX+ALE group at week 12.Compared with the OVX+WBV group, certain tested indices such as BV/TV, TV apparent, Tb.N, and Con.D, were higher in the OVX+WBV+ALE group at week 12. At week 12, tibiae treated with WBV+ALE exhibited a significantly higher Fmax compared to the OVX+VEH group, and a significant difference was also found in energy absorption between the OVX+WBV+ALE and OVX+VEH groups. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the WBV, ALE was more effective at preventing bone loss and improved the trabecular architecture. However, WBV enhanced the effect of alendronate in ovariectomized rats by inducing further improvements in trabecular architecture.


Assuntos
Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Vibração , Animais , Feminino , Osteocalcina/sangue , Osteoporose/sangue , Osteoporose/patologia , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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