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1.
Eur Heart J Case Rep ; 6(1): ytab521, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028501

RESUMO

Background: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A) is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that may occur during or in the weeks following severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection. To date, only case reports and small case series have described typical findings and management of patients with MIS-A. The prevalence of MIS-A is largely unknown due to the lack of data. Case summary: A 30-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with new-onset of fever, chest discomfort, macular exanthema, abdominal pain, mild dyspnoea, and coughing. The patient reported a mildly symptomatic recent coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). Significantly increased markers of inflammation and a modest increase of cardiac troponin were found upon laboratory work-up at admission. Despite broad-spectrum antibiotics, the patient's clinical status deteriorated continuously. Cardiac work-up, including echocardiography, coronary angiography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, was done and signs of acute myocarditis with mildly reduced left ventricular systolic function were found. The complex multi-organ symptom constellation facilitated the diagnosis of MIS-A following COVID-19 infection. Besides aspirin, intravenous, continuous hydrocortisone treatment was initiated, resulting in a prompt improvement of symptoms and clinical findings. Discussion: We report a case of successfully treated MIS-A in the context of COVID-19, which further adds to the existing literature on this rare but clinically significant condition. Our case highlights the necessity of an interdisciplinary approach to correctly diagnose this complex, multi-organ disease and enable fast and appropriate management of these high-risk patients.

2.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35040286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) exhibit a high mortality rate irrespective of the initial cause of hospitalization. Neprilysin, a neutral endopeptidase degrading an array of vasoactive peptides became a drug target within the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. The aim of this study was to analyse whether circulating levels of neprilysin at ICU admission are associated with 30 day mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this single-centre prospective observational study, 222 consecutive patients admitted to a tertiary ICU at a university hospital were included. Blood was drawn at admission and soluble neprilysin levels were measured using ELISA. In the total cohort, soluble neprilysin levels did not differ according to survival status after 30 days as well as type of admission. However, in patients after surgery or heart valve intervention, 30 day survivors exhibited significantly lower circulating neprilysin levels as compared to those who died within 30 days (660.2, IQR: 156.4-2512.5 pg/mL vs. 6532.6, IQR: 1840.1-10 000.0 pg/mL; P = 0.02). Soluble neprilysin predicted mortality independently from age, gender, and commonly used scores of risk-prediction (EuroSCORE II, STS-score, and SAPS II score). Additionally, soluble neprilysin was markedly elevated in patients with sepsis and septic shock (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: At the time of ICU admission, circulating levels of neprilysin independently predicted 30 day mortality in patients following cardiac surgery or heart valve intervention, but not in critically ill medical patients. Furthermore, patients suffering from sepsis and septic shock displayed significantly increased circulating neprilysin levels.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35033468

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate if patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI) could benefit from ticagrelor monotherapy in terms of bleeding reduction without any compromise in ischemic event prevention. BACKGROUND: Patients with history of MI who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain at risk for recurrent ischemic events. The optimal antithrombotic strategy for this cohort remains debated. METHODS: In this prespecified analysis of the randomized TWILIGHT (Ticagrelor With Aspirin or Alone in High-Risk Patients after Coronary Intervention) trial, the authors evaluated the impact of history of MI on treatment effect of ticagrelor monotherapy versus ticagrelor plus aspirin in patients undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stent with at least 1 clinical and 1 angiographic high-risk feature and free from adverse events at 3 months after index PCI. The primary endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding, and the key secondary endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, MI, or stroke, both at 12 months after randomization. RESULTS: A total of 1,937 patients (29.7%) with and 4,595 patients (70.3%) without prior MI were randomized to ticagrelor and placebo or ticagrelor and aspirin. At 1 year after randomization, patients with prior MI experienced higher rates of death, MI, or stroke (5.7% vs 3.2%; P < 0.001) but similar BARC types 2 to 5 bleeding (5.0% vs 5.5%; P = 0.677) compared with patients without prior MI. Ticagrelor monotherapy consistently reduced the risk for the primary bleeding outcome in patients with (3.4% vs 6.7%; HR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.33-0.76) and without (4.2% vs 7.0%; HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.45-0.76; Pinteraction = 0.54) prior MI. Rates of the key secondary ischemic outcome were not significantly different between treatment groups irrespective of history of MI (prior MI, 6.0% vs. 5.5% [HR: 1.09; 95% CI: 0.75-1.58]; no prior MI, 3.1% vs 3.3% [HR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.67-1.28]; Pinteraction = 0.52). CONCLUSION: Ticagrelor monotherapy is associated with significantly lower risk for bleeding events compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin, without any compromise in ischemic prevention, among high-risk patients with history of MI undergoing PCI. (Ticagrelor With Aspirin or Alone in High-Risk Patients After Coronary Intervention [TWILIGHT]; NCT02270242).

5.
Cells ; 11(2)2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35053326

RESUMO

Regarding the management of suspected Non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the main Biomarker-in-Cardiology (BIC)-8 randomized controlled trial study had reported non-inferiority for the incidence of major adverse cardiac events at 30 days in the Copeptin group (dual marker strategy of copeptin and hs-cTnT at presentation) compared to the standard process (serial hs-cTnT testing). However, in 349 (38.7%) of the 902 patients, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin was not available for the treating physicians. High sensitivity cardiac troponin T was re-measured from thawed blood samples collected at baseline. This cohort qualified for a re-analysis of the 30-day incidence rate of MACE (death, survived cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction, re-hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome, acute unplanned percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary bypass grafting, or documented life-threatening arrhythmias), or components of the primary endpoint including death or death/MI. After re-measurement of troponin and exclusion of 9 patients with insufficient blood sample volume, 893 patients qualified for re-analysis. A total of 57 cases were detected with high sensitivity cardiac troponin T ≥ 14 ng/L who had been classified as "troponin negative" based on a conventional cardiac troponin T or I < 99th percentile upper limit of normal. Major adverse cardiac events rates after exclusion were non-inferior in the Copeptin group compared to the standard group (4.34% (95% confidence intervals 2.60-6.78%) vs. 4.27% (2.55-6.66%)). Rates were 53% lower in the per-protocol analysis (HR 0.47, 95% CI: 0.18-1.15, p = 0.09). No deaths occurred within 30 days in the discharged low risk patients of the Copeptin group. Copeptin combined with high sensitivity cardiac troponin is useful for risk stratification and allows early discharge of low-to-intermediate risk patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome is as safe as a re-testing strategy at 3 h or later.

7.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 23(1): 28-36, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839321

RESUMO

AIMS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a frequent comorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF). We assessed the influence of COPD on circulating levels and prognostic value of three HF biomarkers: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT), and soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2). METHODS: Individual data from patients with chronic HF, known COPD status, NT-proBNP and hs-TnT values (n = 8088) were analysed. A subgroup (n = 3414) had also sST2 values. RESULTS: Patients had a median age of 66 years (interquartile interval 57-74), 77% were men and 82% had HF with reduced ejection fraction. NT-proBNP, hs-TnT and sST2 were 1207 ng/l (487-2725), 17 ng/l (9-31) and 30 ng/ml (22-44), respectively. Patients with COPD (n = 1249, 15%) had higher NT-proBNP (P = 0.042) and hs-TnT (P < 0.001), but not sST2 (P = 0.165). Over a median 2.0-year follow-up (1.5-2.5), 1717 patients (21%) died, and 1298 (16%) died from cardiovascular causes; 2255 patients (28%) were hospitalized for HF over 1.8 years (0.9-2.1). NT-proBNP, hs-TnT and sST2 predicted the three end points regardless of COPD status. The best cut-offs from receiver-operating characteristics analysis were higher in patients with COPD than in those without. Patients with all three biomarkers higher than or equal to end-point- and COPD-status-specific cut-offs were also those with the worst prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with HF, those with COPD have higher NT-proBNP and hs-TnT, but not sST2. All these biomarkers yield prognostic significance regardless of the COPD status.

8.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the TWILIGHT trial, ticagrelor monotherapy after a short course of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) was shown to be a safe bleeding avoidance strategy in high-risk patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES). AIMS: To evaluate the effects of ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT in patients undergoing PCI, according to DES type. METHODS: In the current subanalysis from TWILIGHT, patients were stratified into 3 groups based on DES type: durable polymer everolimus-eluting stents (DP-EES), durable polymer zotarolimus-eluting stents (DP-ZES), and biodegradable polymer DES (BP-DES). Bleeding and ischemic outcomes were assessed at 1 year after randomization. RESULTS: Out of 5,769 patients, 3,014 (52.2%) had DP-EES, 1,350 (23.4%) had DP-ZES and 1,405 (24.4%) had BP-DES. Compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin, ticagrelor monotherapy had significantly lower BARC type 2, 3 or 5 bleeding compared with DAPT; DP-EES (3.8% vs. 6.7%; HR:0.56, 95% CI:0.41-0.78), DP-ZES (4.6% vs. 6.9%; HR:0.66, 95% CI:0.42-1.04) and BP-DES (4.2% vs. 7.9%; HR:0.52, 95% CI:0.33-0.81; pinteraction=0.76). Ticagrelor monotherapy resulted in similar rates of death, MI, or stroke: DP-EES (4.2% vs. 4.3%; HR:0.97; 95% CI:0.68-1.37); DP-ZES (4.1% vs. 3.1%; HR:1.32; 95% CI:0.75-2.33); BP-DES (3.9% vs. 4.2%; HR:0.92; 95% CI:0.54-1.55; pinteraction=0.60). In both unadjusted and covariate-adjusted analyses, DES type was not associated with any differences in ischemic or bleeding complications. CONCLUSIONS: As compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin, ticagrelor monotherapy after a short DAPT duration lowered bleeding complications without increasing the ischemic risk, irrespective of DES type. We observed no significant differences among DES-types.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(24)2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948083

RESUMO

In this review, we focus on the actual understanding of the role of IL-33 in vascular biology in the context of the historical development since the description of IL-33 as a member of IL-1 superfamily and the ligand for ST2 receptor in 2005. We summarize recent data on the biology, structure and signaling of this dual-function factor with both nuclear and extracellular cytokine properties. We describe cellular sources of IL-33, particularly within vascular wall, changes in its expression in different cardio-vascular conditions and mechanisms of IL-33 release. Additionally, we summarize the regulators of IL-33 expression as well as the effects of IL-33 itself in cells of the vasculature and in monocytes/macrophages in vitro combined with the consequences of IL-33 modulation in models of vascular diseases in vivo. Described in murine atherosclerosis models as well as in macrophages as an atheroprotective cytokine, extracellular IL-33 induces proinflammatory, prothrombotic and proangiogenic activation of human endothelial cells, which are processes known to be involved in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. We, therefore, discuss that IL-33 can possess both protective and harmful effects in experimental models of vascular pathologies depending on experimental conditions, type and dose of administration or method of modulation.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Animais , Aterosclerose/imunologia , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Células Endoteliais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-33/genética , Interleucina-33/fisiologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has been associated with a high prevalence of myocardial injury and increased cardiovascular morbidity. Copeptin, a marker of vasopressin release, has been previously established as a risk marker in both infectious and cardiovascular disease. METHODS: This prospective, observational study of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection was conducted from June 6th to November 26th, 2020 in a tertiary care hospital. Copeptin and high-sensitive cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) levels on admission were collected and tested for their association with the primary composite endpoint of ICU admission or 28-day mortality. RESULTS: A total of 213 eligible patients with COVID-19 were included of whom 55 (25.8%) reached the primary endpoint. Median levels of copeptin and hs-cTnI at admission were significantly higher in patients with an adverse outcome (Copeptin 29.6 pmol/L, [IQR, 16.2-77.8] vs 17.2 pmol/L [IQR, 7.4-41.0] and hs-cTnI 22.8 ng/L [IQR, 11.5-97.5] vs 10.2 ng/L [5.5-23.1], P < 0.001 respectively). ROC analysis demonstrated an optimal cut-off of 19.3 pmol/L for copeptin and 16.8 ng/L for hs-cTnI and an increase of either biomarker was significantly associated with the primary endpoint. The combination of raised hs-cTnI and copeptin yielded a superior prognostic value to individual measurement of biomarkers and was a strong prognostic marker upon multivariable logistic regression analysis (OR 4.274 [95% CI, 1.995-9.154], P < 0.001). Addition of copeptin and hs-cTnI to established risk models improved C-statistics and net reclassification indices. CONCLUSION: The combination of raised copeptin and hs-cTnI upon admission is an independent predictor of ICU admission or 28-day mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.

11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(20): e021150, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622680

RESUMO

Background Little is known about the impact of center volume on outcomes in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between center volume, treatment strategies, and subsequent outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. Methods and Results In this subanalysis of the randomized CULPRIT-SHOCK (Culprit Lesion Only PCI Versus Multivessel PCI in Cardiogenic Shock) trial, study sites were categorized based on the annual volume of acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock into low-/intermediate-/high-volume centers (<50; 50-100; and >100 cases/y). Subjects from the study/compulsory registry with available volume data were included. Baseline/procedural characteristics, overall treatment, and 1-year all-cause mortality were compared across categories. n=1032 patients were included in this study (537 treated at low-volume, 240 at intermediate-volume, and 255 at high-volume centers). Baseline risk profile of patients across the volume categories was similar, although high-volume centers included a larger number of older patients. Low-/intermediate-volume centers had more resuscitated patients (57.5%/58.8% versus 42.2%; P<0.01), and more patients on mechanical ventilation in comparison to high-volume centers. There were no differences in reperfusion success despite considerable differences in adjunctive pharmacological/device therapies. There was no difference in 1-year all-cause mortality across volume categories (51.1% versus 56.5% versus 54.4%; P=0.34). Conclusions In this study of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, considerable differences in adjunctive medical and mechanical support therapies were observed. However, we could not detect an impact of center volume on reperfusion success or mortality.

12.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671829

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), puts a heavy strain on healthcare systems around the globe with high numbers of infected patients. Pre-existing cardiovascular disease is a major risk factor for a severe clinical course of COVID-19 and is associated with adverse outcome. COVID-19 may directly exacerbate underlying heart disease and is frequently aggravated by cardiovascular complications, including arterial and venous thromboembolic events, malignant arrhythmia and myocardial injury. In addition to these direct cardiac manifestations of COVID-19, patients with cardiovascular disease face further indirect consequences of the pandemic, as the respective resources in the healthcare systems need to be redirected to cope with the high numbers of infected patients. Consecutively, a substantial decrease in cardiac procedures was reported during the pandemic with lower numbers of coronary angiographies and device implantations worldwide. As a consequence an increased number of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, late-comers with subacute myocardial infarction and of patients presenting in cardiogenic shock or preshock were observed. Maintenance of high-quality cardiac care by avoiding a reduction of cardiac services is of utmost importance, especially in times of a pandemic.

13.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the psychocardiological profile and the clinical characteristics in the acute phase of takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS: Prospective multicenter cohort study of TTS patients evaluating the clinical characteristics as well as the prevalence of somatic, depressive, panic, stress and anxiety disorders. Assessment of illness perception and resilience in the acute phase of the syndrome. RESULTS: All 27 evaluated TTS patients were female with a mean age of 68 years (±11.4 years). The apical type of TTS was found in 60% of patients, followed by the combined type of TTS in 30% of patients. Main clinical symptom leading to hospital admission was chest pain in nearly 80% of patients. An ST-segment elevation mimicking acute myocardial infarction was found in 44% of patients and T wave inversion in 26% of patients. An endogenous (emotional) stress event was found in 17 patients (63.0%), an exogenous (physical) stress event in 5 patients (18.5%) and a combined stress event in 2 patients (7.4%). In 11.1% of patients (n = 3) no stress event could be found. Moderate to high levels of illness threatening were found in 48% of patients and low to moderate resilience scores were found in 40% of patients. Somatic disorders were found in half of the patients (56%) followed by depressive disorders in 26% of patients. CONCLUSION: Moderate to low resilience scores and moderate to high levels of illness threatening can be seen in the acute phase of TTS, reflecting the severity of the experience as an adverse life event. Patients suffering from TTS present in the acute phase with a high prevalence of somatic disorders and relatively high prevalence of depressive disorders.

14.
Eur Heart J ; 42(45): 4624-4634, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662382

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients at high bleeding risk (HBR) represent a prevalent subgroup among those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Early aspirin discontinuation after a short course of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) has emerged as a bleeding avoidance strategy. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT in a contemporary HBR population. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prespecified analysis of the TWILIGHT trial evaluated the treatment effects of early aspirin withdrawal followed by ticagrelor monotherapy in HBR patients undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stents. After 3 months of ticagrelor plus aspirin, event-free patients were randomized to 12 months of aspirin or placebo in addition to ticagrelor. A total of 1064 (17.2%) met the Academic Research Consortium definition for HBR. Ticagrelor monotherapy reduced the incidence of the primary endpoint of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 2, 3, or 5 bleeding compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin in HBR (6.3% vs. 11.4%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.35-0.82) and non-HBR patients (3.5% vs. 5.9%; HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.46-0.77) with similar relative (Pinteraction = 0.67) but a trend towards greater absolute risk reduction in the former [-5.1% vs. -2.3%; difference in absolute risk differences (ARDs) -2.8%, 95% CI -6.4% to 0.8%, P = 0.130]. A similar pattern was observed for more severe BARC 3 or 5 bleeding with a larger absolute risk reduction in HBR patients (-3.5% vs. -0.5%; difference in ARDs -3.0%, 95% CI -5.2% to -0.8%, P = 0.008). There was no significant difference in the key secondary endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke between treatment arms, irrespective of HBR status. CONCLUSIONS: Among HBR patients undergoing PCI who completed 3-month DAPT without experiencing major adverse events, aspirin discontinuation followed by ticagrelor monotherapy significantly reduced bleeding without increasing ischaemic events, compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin. The absolute risk reduction in major bleeding was larger in HBR than non-HBR patients.

15.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528075

RESUMO

The cardiovascular system is significantly affected in coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). Microvascular injury, endothelial dysfunction and thrombosis resulting from viral infection or indirectly related to the intense systemic inflammatory and immune responses are characteristic features of severe COVID-19. Pre-existing cardiovascular disease and viral load are linked to myocardial injury and worse outcomes. The vascular response to cytokine production and the interaction between SARS-CoV-2 and ACE2 receptor may lead to a significant reduction in cardiac contractility and subsequent myocardial dysfunction. In addition, a considerable proportion of patients who have been infected with SARS-CoV-2 do not fully recover and continue to experience a large number of symptoms and post-acute complications in the absence of a detectable viral infection. This conditions often referred to as "post-acute COVID-19" may have multiple causes. Viral reservoirs or lingering fragments of viral RNA or proteins contribute to the condition. Systemic inflammatory response to COVID-19 has the potential to increase myocardial fibrosis which in turn may impair cardiac remodelling. Here we summarize the current knowledge of cardiovascular injury and post-acute sequelae of COVID-19. As the pandemic continues and new variants emerge, we can advance our knowledge of the underlying mechanisms only by integrating our understanding of the pathophysiology with the corresponding clinical findings. Identification of new biomarkers of cardiovascular complications, and development of effective treatments for COVID-19 infection are of crucial importance.

16.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(8): 890-897, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529043

RESUMO

AIMS: Several prediction models have been developed to allow accurate risk assessment and provide better treatment guidance in patients with infarct-related cardiogenic shock (CS). However, comparative data between these models are still scarce. The objective of the study is to externally validate different risk prediction models in infarct-related CS and compare their predictive value in the early clinical course. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II Score, the CardShock score, the IABP-SHOCK II score, and the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Intervention (SCAI) classification were each externally validated in a total of 1055 patients with infarct-related CS enrolled into the randomized CULPRIT-SHOCK trial or the corresponding registry. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Discriminative power was assessed by comparing the area under the curves (AUC) in case of continuous scores. In direct comparison of the continuous scores in a total of 161 patients, the IABP-SHOCK II score revealed best discrimination [area under the curve (AUC = 0.74)], followed by the CardShock score (AUC = 0.69) and the SAPS II score, giving only moderate discrimination (AUC = 0.63). All of the three scores revealed acceptable calibration by Hosmer-Lemeshow test. The SCAI classification as a categorical predictive model displayed good prognostic assessment for the highest risk group (Stage E) but showed poor discrimination between Stages C and D with respect to short-term-mortality. CONCLUSION: Based on the present findings, the IABP-SHOCK II score appears to be the most suitable of the examined models for immediate risk prediction in infarct-related CS. Prospective evaluation of the models, further modification, or even development of new scores might be necessary to reach higher levels of discrimination.


Assuntos
Choque Cardiogênico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia
17.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e015560, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533034

RESUMO

Background The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary drug-eluting stent placement in adults with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) versus acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains uncertain. Methods and Results This was a prespecified subgroup analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 to the experimental or reference strategy, stratified by ACS (experimental, n=3750; reference, n=3737) versus SCAD (experimental, n=4230; reference, n=4251). The experimental strategy was 75 to 100 mg aspirin daily plus 90 mg ticagrelor twice daily for 1 month, followed by 23 months of ticagrelor monotherapy. The reference strategy was 75 to 100 mg aspirin daily plus either 75 mg clopidogrel daily (for SCAD) or 90 mg ticagrelor twice daily (for ACS) for 12 months, followed by aspirin monotherapy for 12 months. The primary end point at 2 years was a composite of all-cause mortality or non-fatal centrally adjudicated new Q-wave myocardial infarction. The key secondary safety end point was site-reported Bleeding Academic Research Consortium grade 3 or 5 bleeding. The primary end point occurred in 147 (3.92%) versus 169 (4.52%) patients with ACS (rate ratio [RR], 0.86; 95% CI, 0.69-1.08; P=0.189), and in 157 (3.71%) versus 180 (4.23%) patients with SCAD (RR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.71-1.08; P=0.221) with experimental and reference strategy, respectively (P-interaction=0.926). Bleeding Academic Research Consortium grade 3 or 5 bleeding occurred in 73 (1.95%) versus 100 (2.68%) patients with ACS (RR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54-0.98; P=0.037), and in 90 (2.13%) versus 69 (1.62%) patients with SCAD (RR, 1.32; 95% CI, 0.97-1.81; P=0.081; P-interaction=0.007). Conclusions While there was no evidence for differences in efficacy between treatment strategies by subgroup, the experimental strategy appeared to reduce bleeding risk in patients with ACS but not in patients with SCAD. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT01813435.

18.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an increasing amount of evidence suggesting multiple fatal complications in takotsubo syndrome; however, findings on the long-term outcome are scarce and show inconsistent evidence. METHODS: This is a single center study of long-term prognosis in takotsubo patients admitted to the Klinik Ottakring, Vienna, Austria, from September 2006 to August 2019. We investigated the clinical features, prognostic factors and outcome of patients with takotsubo syndrome. Furthermore, survivors and non-survivors and patients with a different cause of death were compared. RESULTS: Overall, 147 patients were included in the study and 49 takotsubo patients (33.3%) died during the follow-up, with a median of 126 months. The most common cause of death was a non-cardiac cause (71.4% of all deaths), especially malignancies (26.5% of all deaths). Moreover, non-survivors were older and more often men with more comorbidities (chronic kidney disease, malignancy). Patients who died because of cardiovascular disease were older and more often women than patients who died due to non-cardiovascular cause. Adjusted analysis showed no feature of an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality for takotsubo patients. Female gender (HR = 0.32, CI: 0.16-0.64, p < 0.001), cancer (HR = 2.35, CI: 1.15-4.8, p = 0.019) and chronic kidney disease (HR = 2.61, CI: 1.11-6.14, p = 0.028) showed to be independent predictors of non-cardiovascular mortality. CONCLUSION: Long-term prognosis of takotsubo patients is not favorable, mainly due to noncardiac comorbidities. Hence, consequent outpatient care in regular intervals after a takotsubo event based on risk factor control and early detection of malignancies seems justified.

19.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); however, a relevant proportion have a CIED system that has not been classified as MRI-conditional because of generators and leads from different brands (mixed-brand group). The available data concerning the outcome of these mixed patients undergoing MRI is limited. METHODS: A retrospective single center study, including all patients with CIEDs undergoing MRI between January 2013 until May 2020, was performed. Primary endpoints were defined as death or any adverse event necessitating hospitalization or CIED revision. Secondary endpoints were the occurrence of any sign for beginning device or lead failure or patient discomfort during MRI. RESULTS: A total of 227 MRI examinations, including 10 thoracic MRIs, were carried out in 158 patients, with 1-9 MRIs per patient. Of the patients 38 underwent 54 procedures in the mixed-brand group and 89 patients underwent 134 MRIs in the MRI-conditional group. Of the patients 31 were excluded since the MRI conditionality could not be determined. No primary endpoints occurred within the mixed-brand group but in 2.2% of the MRI-conditional group (p = 1.000), with 2 patients developing new atrial fibrillation during MRI, of whom one additionally had a transient CIED dysfunction. No secondary endpoints were met in the mixed-brand group compared to 3.4% in the MRI-conditional group (p = 0.554). No complications occurred in the excluded patients. CONCLUSION: The complication rate of CIED patients undergoing MRI was low. Patients with a mixed CIED system showed no signs of increased risk of adverse events compared to patients with MRI-conditional CIED systems.

20.
Eur Heart J ; 42(45): 4683-4693, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423374

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the safety and efficacy of ticagrelor monotherapy among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prespecified subanalysis of the TWILIGHT trial, we evaluated the treatment effects of ticagrelor with or without aspirin according to renal function. The trial enrolled patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation who fulfilled at least one clinical and one angiographic high-risk criterion. Chronic kidney disease, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, was a clinical study entry criterion. Following a 3-month period of ticagrelor plus aspirin, event-free patients were randomly assigned to aspirin or placebo on top of ticagrelor for an additional 12 months. Of the 6835 patients randomized and with available eGFR at baseline, 1111 (16.3%) had CKD. Ticagrelor plus placebo reduced the primary endpoint of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding as compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin in both patients with [4.6% vs. 9.0%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.50, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.31-0.80] and without (4.0% vs. 6.7%; HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.47-0.75; Pinteraction = 0.508) CKD, but the absolute risk reduction was greater in the former group. Rates of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke were not significantly different between the two randomized groups irrespective of the presence (7.9% vs. 5.7%; HR 1.40, 95% CI 0.88-2.22) or absence of (3.2% vs. 3.6%; HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.68-1.20; Pinteraction = 0.111) CKD. CONCLUSION: Among CKD patients undergoing PCI, ticagrelor monotherapy reduced the risk of bleeding without a significant increase in ischaemic events as compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin.

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